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In human life regardless of culture, race or age, music played an important role in
human life but it is also able to cultivate good values and forge bonds between
people. There has two (2) types social function applied in each particular musical
choices made by society as an expression of personal values and cultural and even
social bonding function of music options together. Also included, this essay will be
identified on how the social functions associated with the functions of a personal and
musical culture worldwide.

Back to few years ago, music became a global phenomenon and it happens debated
around the world. 'Pop' is known around the 80's with the advent of a famous singer,
Michael Jackson, better known as the "King of Pop" until now. With the advent of
Michael Jackson, this shows how music can cross boundaries around the world, and
how saddened by the death of Michael Jackson in 2009 as well as a very strong
impact towards an international music industry. His music and personality touched
the hearts of listeners around the world as well as other music sung combine various
ethnicities and cultures of each country and the audience regardless of race, religion
and age.

Michael Jackson is also labeled as an idol by millions of viewers and listeners from
around the world and even in the international music industry is big enough to inspire
someone to see the advantage in a person even though he knows that there is
weakness in itself.


Music plays a very important role in the life of a people who came from a variety of
cultures from every country around the world. According to Deutsch (1999), he said
that each type of music is very important for all kinds of peoples. This is because
each person has different interests and tastes in the selection of music.

Psychological, Cross (2001) explained the importance of music to the evolution of

mankind and the life:
"We are certainly aware that no matter what kind of music they did,
it could leave a little impact on their minds. It also could leave any
kind of impression in our minds. Without music in our daily lives, it
can make us as a man who has never been a man".

According to Cross (2001), he explained that some of the reasons why evolution
created us with the capacity sonority of music is that it could be the emergence of
behavior the music itself and the actualization of their own culture as one of the
music is so important in the emergence of cognitive flexibility or social. However, this
situation is supported by two (2) generic function of music in the development of
human cognitive complexity and social interaction. Cross (1999) also pointed out that
social interaction behavior to assure that the music is almost certainly with full
success interact to create the conditions for a minimum of conflict through semantic
openness around the world. According to Tomasello (2005), he added that we have
achieved capacity for shared intentionality of one's ability to guarantee their own

These arguments show that the establishment of a strong relationship between

music and culture around. Furthermore, it is not surprising that every human culture
has evidence of how the music was intertwined behavior (Brown, 2001; Merriam,
1964). According to Gregory (1997), the music throughout the world have the same
identity as an example of how lullabies sung, dance, character identity, and message
of the music was presented leads to the excitement around the world and many
religious practices that can not be imagined without music.

Cross (2001) also adds that a musical could be very important in many cultures, and
it also may be able to be more important than one evolution of its own products. Not
only that, the music can be categorized as an important thing for all kinds of people
(Brown, 2001).

Music psychology goes a long way as other fields of psychology. According to Thaut
(2009), before the experimental music throughout Europe, the music that
characterized the roots of psychology back in that era, such as people of ancient
Greece, Pythagoras, Aristotle and Herophicos and for a handful of philosophers who

settled in Europe, such as Descartes and Locke's theory that describes the music
that can makes some impact or effect and cognition (Dean & Bailes, 2007; Rosing &
Bruhn, 2002).

North and Hargreaves (2008) also emphasize that in those days, a lot of music
psychology are increasingly encouraging recognition that covers a wide range of
topics capitation modernity that serves as music psychology. In psychology of music,
it has two (2) key areas such as (i) research on the performance of music as a way of
making music, and (ii) research on the acceptance of hearing the music itself such as
music. This essay to give a little more focus on the acceptance of music though there
are some differences between performance too tight and do not always listen to

For example, we can see in most cultures there is no division between the musicians
and the audience in any traditional ceremonies. In fact, the variety of musical
entertainment by the passage of time and the different musical concepts, including
the concept and the impact that would have broken through the cultural, political, and
social to the listener itself.

Not only that, the most important thing when musicians were also listening to every
music be featured either for fun or for yourself professionally. It also focuses on the
listener to hear the music that started with the fact that every human being from all
cultures enjoyed listening to music, regardless of culture, and religion in music
performance (Hallam et al., 2009; North & Hargreaves, 2008).

Since listening to music is an activity that can be enjoyed universally, it is also able to
attract and also serve to cross-cultural. The main function of music is that it is very
important to understand how making music in general in particular and why we need
to listen to music in our lives. According to Clayton (2009), he examined research on
the functions of music for decades because it enables a systematic analysis of the

process general phenomenon affecting every listener in the hands of the music
selection over time.

Do we care about the function of listening to the music? According to Hargreaves

and North (1999), they concluded that the function of listening to music can be
categorized into three (3) broad domains such as cognitive, emotional and social.
Able to investigate the cognitive research on how music is seen and memorized all
the lyrics of the music.

Furthermore when we listen to music in our lives it can affect cognitive performance
and could cause memory to memorize. Research on emotional also can review how
a music that brought no impact and emotional outbursts. Although both refer to the
functions of a personal music, it also covers various aspects of interpersonal and
social functioning in the music itself.
Hargreaves and North (1999) also distinguish the two (2) aspects of social functions:
(a) the music can give positive support to the identity and expression, but also (b)
music is also able to foster interpersonal relationships. According Kuala (1996),
music can create an identity and be able to produce cultural values. Fox (2009)
noted that emphasize that music is capable of transmitting several components such
as cultural norms and rituals from one generation to another.


A study of the phenomenon of music as one of the personal, social and cultural
potential is vast for cross-cultural studies. For example, it could provide new insights

in the construction of personal identity, social and culture through the music he hears
in different cultures or find evidence for the role of social ties across cultures.

Music can also be used as a reflection of cultural diversity and best in globalization
today without reducing the wealth of culture. It is also a link between culture and
promoting the understanding between cultures and contemporary in a quiet (Mitchell
at el., 2007).