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DPS

The Official Publication of the New


Master Plumbers / Plumbing Engineers
of the Philippines

DESIGN OF PLUMBING SYSTEMS

HYDRAULIC
CALCULATION
FOR
AUTOMATIC
WET SPRINKLER
SYSTEMS
SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

INTRODUCTION
This publication is the result of inspiration from the previous publication of American Society of
Plumbing Engineers. No attempt however has been made to copy ASPEs publication but emulate
its effort to provide materials for continuing education to its members and non-members.
Design of Plumbing Systems (DPS) is a working pamphlet and the result of syndicated effort of
concerned RMPs (Registered Master Plumbers) to extend and sustain education to peers who
cannot attend formal CPE ( Continuing Professional Education) seminars or schooling. This is also
a preparatory material to RMPs as-would be Plumbing Engineers in the near future.

HOW TO USE THIS PAMPHLET


This pamphlet is a guide to system designers of wet sprinkler systems as outlined in the
following pages in simplified approach.
This guide is not in any way or manner intended to supplant any systems used by qualified fire
protection engineers to design an efficient automatic wet sprinkler system and any
pretense to provide a complete and sufficient guide is hereby explicitly disclaimed.
A questionnaire is provided at the end of this pamphlet. The user of this guide is suggested to
answer the questions related to discussion and return to the publishers the questionnaire
sheet with answers for validation purposes. The publishers are now in the process of seeking
accreditation from the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) for CPE credit points.
The user will find in this Guide a straight-forward approach in the design which calls for
his/her creativity, judgment, and decisiveness which cannot be incorporated in any book or
instructional manuals.
The user should always refer to NFPA No. 13 during the process of calculations.
English system is used throughout in the calculation.

DPS Publishers
Issue No. 001
December 2011

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 3

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION FOR WET SPRINKLER SYSTEM


(TREE- TYPE)
CALCULATION PROCEDURES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

After creating the sprinkler piping layout determine the most remote area of operation.
Calculate the number of sprinkler heads and branches within the sprinkler area of operation.
Determine the fire hazard classification of the commodity being protected.
Select the applicable density from density/area curve of NFPA No. 13.
Select the applicable area of coverage for the remotest sprinkler head from NFPA No. 13
table.
6. Use the standard form for hydraulic calculation from NFPA No. 13.
7. Provide sizes on the sprinkler piping layout from branches, cross main, feed main, riser and
down to the riser pump discharge outlet.

OCCUPANCY HAZARD CLASSIFICATIONS


There are three basic occupancy hazard classifications outlined in NFPA No. 13:
1. Light Hazard
2. Ordinary Hazard: Group 1 and Group 2.
3. Extra Hazard: Group 1 and Group 2.

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 4

In this pamphlet we are going to present an example of calculation for an open space
office with no drop ceiling. In NFPA No. 13 offices are considered under light hazard
classification.

DENSITY AND REMOTE AREA


As can be seen from the above graph for light hazard curve and 1,500 sq. ft. most
demanding remote area of sprinkler operation, the density to use is 0.10 gpm/sq. ft . This
means that sprinklers will operate effectively within the 1,500 sq. ft. in any fire situation.
Density- the amount of water that must be delivered to the protected area every minute for
every square foot of floor space.
Remote Area- the farthest area of the floor space where minimum water should be
delivered. For example in a protected remote area of 1,500 sq. ft. the minimum amount of
water required should be 1,500 sq. ft. X 0.10 gpm/sq. ft. = 150 gpm.

REMOTE AREA AS INDICATED BY HATCHED LINES

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 5

CALCULATIONS
Based on the selected 1,500 sq. ft. (as shaded in the sample layout) area of sprinkler
operation, calculate now the number of effective sprinkler heads:
No. of Sprinkler Heads= Design Area/ Sprinkler Coverage Area = 1500/200= 7.5 say 8
1/2

No. of Sprinklers on branch Line= 1.2A/S where A= sprinkler operation area, sq. ft.
S= sprinkler head spacing, ft.
1/2

Thus, No. of Sprinklers on Branch Line= 1.2(1,500)/ 10 = 4.65 calculate 4.


Since there are 8 sprinklers calculated two branches are considered for calculation in the
remote area.

NOTES:
As per table below the maximum sprinkler coverage for light hazard application is
225 sq.ft for hydraulically calculated with a maximum sprinkler head to head spacing
of 15 ft. In the calculation above 200 sq. ft. and 10 ft spacing are used.
It is a matter of judgment and consideration of engineering economy to assign lower
values without sacrificing the integrity of the system design.

Protection Areas and Maximum Spacing (Standard Spray Upright/Standard


Spray Pendent) for Light Hazard
Protection Area
Construction Type
Noncombustible obstructed and
unobstructed and combustible
unobstructed
Combustible obstructed
Combustible with members less than 3
ft on center

System Type
Pipe schedule
Hydraulically
calculated
All
All

ft2

m2

200
225

18.6
20.9

Spacing (
f
15
15

168
130

15.6
12.1

15
15

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 6

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION FORM

Sprinkler
Location

Flow (gpm)
q

Pipe Size

Fittings &
Devices

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

None

Pipe Equivalent Length

lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot

Cfactor

psi/ft/

Req. Pressure

Kfactor

Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 7

STEP 1
Using the hydraulic calculation form and referring to sample layout above calculate now
the flow requirement of the farthest sprinkler head as follows:
Q = As x D

where: As= Area of sprinkler coverage, sq. ft.


D = Density, gpm/sq. ft.

Q = 200 x 0.10 = 20 gpm


Calculate the operating pressure required for the 20 gpm flow from:
P1 = (Q1/k)

where: Q1= 20 gpm


k = 5.6

P1 = (20/5.6) = 12.75 psi say 13 psi.


Per NFPA -13 minimum operating pressure required is 7 psi.
Now, calculate the pressure loss due to pipe and fittings from sprinkler head to sprinkler
head using Hazen- William formula:

4.52 Q1.85 L
Pf = 1.85 4.87
C D
Where,
Pf = Total friction loss in piece of pipe (psi)
Q = Total flow in pipe (gpm)
L = Length of pipe (feet)
C = C-factor of pipe (from NFPA-13 (2007)
D = Diameter of pipe (inches)

Per NFPA -13 minimum operating pressure required is 7 psi.


Q = 20 gpm
C = 120 from NFPA-13 table as shown below.
L = 10 ft. from sample layout.
D = 1.049 inch inside diameter from any pipe handbook.

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 8

The value of friction loss due to pipes and fittings after substitution, Pf = 0.13
Pressure required due to pipes and fittings shall be, Pf = 12 x 0.13 = 1.6 psi.
Assume the there is no change in elevation, pressure required due to elevation is Pe = 0.
The pressure required now from Sprinkler to Sprinkler shall be, Pt = 13 + 1.6 + 0 = 14.6
psi.

Sprinkler
Location

Flow (gpm)
q

Pipe Size
Nom

20 Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

1
1.049

Fittings & Devices

1 elbow

Pipe Equivalent Length

lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg

10
2
12

Cfactor

120

psi/ft/ Req. Pressure

0.13

Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf

13.

1.6
0
14.6

Kfactor

5.6

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 9

Equivalent Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Length Chart


Fittings and Valves
1/

3/

11/4

1
in.

Fittings and Valves Expressed in E


2
3
3
21/2
in.
in.
in.
in.
in
2
2
3
3
6
7
4
5
2
3
4
5
8
10
12
15
1

6
7
10

1
1
1
1
9
11
14
16

11/2

4
2
in.
in.
in.
1
1
45 elbow

1
90 standard elbow
1
2
2
3
90 long-turn elbow
0.5
1
2
2
Tee or cross (flow turned 90)
3
4
5
6
Butterfly valve

Gate valve

5
7
Swing check*
For SI units, 1 in. = 25.4 mm; 1 ft = 0.3048 m.
Notes:
1. This table applies to all types of pipe listed in Table 8-4.4.5.
2. Information on 1/2-in. pipe is included in this table only because it is allowed under 5-13.20.2 and 5-13.20.3.
* Due to the variations in design of swing check valves, the pipe equivalents indicated in this table are considered ave

Light Hazard Pipe Schedules


1 in.
11/4 in.

Steel
2 sprinklers
3 sprinklers

1 in.
11/4 in.

Copper
2 sprinklers
3 sprinklers

11/2 in.

5 sprinklers

11/2 in.

5 sprinklers

2 in.
21/2 in.

10 sprinklers
30 sprinklers

2 in.
21/2 in.

12 sprinklers
40 sprinklers

3 in.
31/2 in.

60 sprinklers
100 sprinklers

3 in.
31/2 in.

65 sprinklers
115 sprinklers

4 in.

See Section 5-2

See Section 5-2


4 in.
For SI units, 1 in. = 25.4 mm.

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 10

STEP 2
Compute discharge capacity of sprinkler as follows:
Q=k p

Where,
Q = Flow from individual sprinkler
k = Sprinkler k-factor (See NFPA-13, 2007) = 5.6
p = Pressure from an individual sprinkler. = 14.6 psi.

Substituting the values in the formula, Q2 = 21.4, say 21 gpm.


Now, add sprinkler and sprinkler = 20 + 21 = 41 gpm
Compute for pressure loss using the formula in page 7, Pf = 0.49 psi/ft
Pressure required due to pipes and fittings, Pt to = 0.49 x 15 = 7.35 say 7.30 psi.

Again, there is no change in elevation and we equate, Pe to = 0

Sprinkler
Location

Flow (gpm)
q

Pipe Size
Nom

1
1.049

20 Act.

to

q
Q

21 Nom
1
41 Act. 1.049

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Fittings & Devices

1 elbow
1 tee

Pipe Equivalent Length

lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg

10
2
12
10
5
15

Cfactor

psi/ft/ Req. Pressure

120

0.13

120

0.49

Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf

13.

1.6
0
14.6
7.3
0
21.9

Kfactor

5.6
5.6
5.6

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 11

STEP 3
Compute the flow capacity of sprinkler using the formula in page 10, Q3 = 26.2 or 26 gpm.
Now, add sprinkler and sprinkler= 41 + 26 = 67 gpm
Pressure loss from equation in page 7 shall now be= 0.32 psi/ ft.
From equation in page10, q4 = 29 gpm
Then, add Q2-3 and q4 = 67 + 29 = 96 gpm. This is the total flow requirement from sprinkler
up to sprinkler.

Sprinkler
Location

Flow (gpm) Pipe Size


q

to

Nom

20

Act.

21
41

Nom

Act.

1
1.049

1 elbow

1
1.049

1 tee
1 tee

to

26
67

Nom 11/4

29

Nom 11/2

96

1.61

to

Act.

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Fittings &
Devices

1.38

1 tee

Pipe Equivalent Length

lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg

10
2
12
10
5
15
10
6
16

Cfactor

120
120
120

psi/ft/ Req. Pressure

0.13 Pt
Pf
Pe
0.49 Pt
Pf
Pe
0.32 Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt

1.6
0
14.6
7.3
0
21.9
5.1
0
27.0

Kfactor

5.6
5.6
5.6

Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 12

STEP 4
The total flow requirement of the 4 remote sprinklers along the remote branch at 96 gpm is
now known. Looking back at the sample layout in page 4, there is 1 more branch to consider
as covered by the 1,500 sq.ft operating and most demanding area ( See hatched area).
To determine the total flow requirement of the most demanding area we proceed as follows:
Calculate the pressure required from sprinkler to point at the cross main. (The cross
main is the sub-main pipe where the branches are connected. The branches are pipes where
the sprinkler heads are installed. And the feed main is the main pipe connected to the riser.)
From Hazen-Williams formula, p 3-4 = 0.29 psi/ft
The flow requirement does not change and still at 96 gpm. But the elevation of the cross main
is assumed at 1 foot below the branch pipe,
Thus, Pe5 = 1 ft x 1 psi/ 2.32 ft. = 0.433 psi. Use 0.4 psi.
From calculation sheet in page 14, the total pressure required at is 33.5 psi.

This time the flow coefficient , k= 5.6 does not apply anymore. Since the flow and pressure
requirements are known, 96 gpm and 33.5 psi, respectively, we can now compute for the
system flow coefficient, ks.
1/2

From formula in page 10, ks = 96/ (33.5) = 96/ 5.79 = 16.58 say 16.6
The pressure loss along the cross main from to , P 5-6 = 0.013 psi/ft
Pressure required from to , Pf 5-6 = 25 ft x 0.013 psi/ft = 0.3 psi
Total pressure required at now, Pt = 33.5 + 0.3 + 0 = 33.8 psi
1/2

Flow at , Q6 = 16.6 x (33.8) = 96.5 gpm which is the requirement of the second branch
within the remote operating area.
The system flow requirement of the most demanding area calculated, Q = Q5-6 + Q6
Q = 96 + 96.5 = 192.5 gpm. The 0.5 gpm takes care of the possible loss from to
and balances the flow requirements of the 2 branches within the area of operation.

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 13

Calculation does not end here. The hose requirement should be added to the calculated system
flow requirement. From the table below select 50 gpm to represent inside hose.
Thus, Qs = 192.5 + 50 = 242.5 gpm . Calculate 250 gpm standard capacity of fire pump per
NFPA No. 20. ( This will be covered in future issues of DPS.)
Assuming that our sample layout is located at the fifth floor of a 5-storey office building 4
meter high per storey. Fire pump is located 4 meters horizontally from the riser(base of ) and
the following valves and fittings are to be considered before the fire pump: 3 elbows, 2 gate
valves, 1 alarm check valve1 swing-type check valve. Size of the riser and discharge pipe is
4 (100mm).
Calculation continues: From to there is a required floor control valve in the feed main
before the connection to the riser. Using the system flow of 250 gpm compute the total
pressure required from to and from to the fire pump .
Finally, the fire water flow and pressure requirements of the sample layout are calculated as
shown in the calculation sheet below: 250 gpm by 72.2 or 72 psi.

Hose Stream Demand and Water Supply Duration Requirements for


Hydraulically Calculated Systems
Occupancy or Commodity Classification
Light hazard
Ordinary hazard
Extra hazard

Inside Hose (gpm)


0, 50, or 100
0, 50, or 100
0, 50, or 100

Total Combined Inside


and Outside Hose (gpm
100
250
500

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 14

CALCULATION SHEET
Sprinkler
Location

Flow (gpm)
q

to

Nom

20

Act.

21
41

Nom

26
67

Nom

29
96

Nom

0
96

Nom

to

to

to

Inside Hose

Pipe Size

q
Q
q
Q

Act.

Act.

Act.

Act.

1
1.049
1
1.049
11/4
1.38
11/2
1.61
3
3.068

96.5 Nom
192.5 Act.

3
3.068

Nom
50
242.5 or
Act.
250

4
4.026

Nom

250

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Fittings &
Devices

1 elbow

Pipe Equivalent Length

lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
1 tee
ftg
tot
lgth
1 tee
ftg
tot
lgth
2 tee
ftg
tot
lgth
1 tee
ftg
tot
1 gate valve lgth
ftg
1 elbow
tot
2 gate valve lgth
3 elbow ftg
tot
1 check valve lgth
ftg
1 ac. valve
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth

10
2
12
10
5
15
10
6
16
5
16
21
10
15
25
86.9
8
94.9
65.6
78
143.6

Cfactor

psi/ft/

120

0.13

120

0.49

120

0.32

120

0.29

120

0.013

120

0.075

120

0.02

Req. Pressure
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt

13

1.6
0
14.6
7.3
0
21.9
5.1
0
27.0
6.1
0.4
33.5
0.3
0
33.8
7.1
0
40.9
2.9
28.4
72.2

Kfactor

5.6
5.6
5.6
16.6

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 15

Sustained Education from Design of Plumbing Systems Version


About This Month Issue

This December 2011 issue deals with


hydraulic calculations for a tree-type
wet sprinkler layout. This pamphlet
presents the calculations in a step by
step manner from determining the
number of sprinkler heads to fire
water and pressure requirements of
the system. Methodology is based on
NFPA No. 13.

For those who find it difficult to attend a formal


continuing education course due to reasons of
time and distance availability this issuance of
DPS on- line is a good means to help RMPs
maintain their design technical know-how and
obtain CPE points. (CPE accreditation from PRC is in
process.)
Questionnaire and sample design problem is
provided below to test your understanding of the
article presented. An answer sheet is also included
for your submission to newnampap@yahoo.com
for grading purposes. Corrected and graded answer
will be sent back to you.

SPE Questions- Hydraulic Calculations for Wet Sprinkler System


1. A calculated sprinkler system in which
pipe sizes are selected on a pressure loss
basis to provide a prescribed water
density, flow and minimum discharge
pressure.
a. Hydraulically design system.
b. Pipe schedule system.
c. none of the above.
2. A sprinkler system in which the pipe
sizing is selected from a schedule that is
determined by the occupancy classifications.
a. Hydraulically design system.
b. Pipe schedule system
c. All of the above.
3. The pipes in which the sprinklers are installed
and usually connected to the cross main.
a. Riser.
b. Feed main.
c. None of the above.

4. The pipes supplying the branch lines


directly or through the riser.
a. Cross main.
b. Feed main.
c. All of the above.
5. The pipes supplying cross mains.
a. Feed main.
b. Riser.
c. Branch line.
6. The vertical pipes supply pipes in a
sprinkler system.
a. Downspout.
b. Riser
c. Vertical feed main.
7. The above ground supply pipe directly
connected to the water supply.
a. System riser.
b. Main pipe.
c. None of the above.

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 16

8. In the sample problem below what is the hazard classification of the occupancy? Operating
area of the sprinklers? Design density?
9. How many effective sprinklers are there in the area of sprinkler operation? Branches?
Sprinklers per branch?
10. Provide a tree-type wet sprinkler layout in the tenth floor of a 10- storey residential building.
The tenth floor is a covered open area used by the residents for functions. The riser location is as
indicated in the floor layout. Each floor is 3.5 meters high and there is no drop ceiling. The fire
pump is located about 3 meters from the base of the riser. Calculate the system fire water and
the pressure required to effectively meet the sprinkler system requirement using the hydraulic
calculation sheet provided in the answer sheet.

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 17

Answer Sheet- Email to newnampap@yahoo.com


1.0 ___________
2.0 ___________
3.0 ___________
4.0 ___________
5.0 ___________

6.0 ___________
7.0 ___________
8.0 ___________
9.0 ___________
10.0 See calculation sheet below.

HYDRAULIC CALCULATION FORM


Sprinkler
Location

Flow (gpm)

Pipe Size

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Nom

Act.

Fittings &
Devices

None

Pipe Equivalent Length

lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot
lgth
ftg
tot

Cfactor

psi/ft/

Req. Pressure

Kfactor

Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe
Pt
Pf
Pe

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES

DPS-Issue No. 001- December 2011

Page 18

CLASSIFIED ADS INDEX


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all issues related to the practice of
plumbing locally and internationally.

DPS Publishers wish to extend their sincerest


gratitude to relentless and untiring support of
all contributors. No amount of water nor any
kind of sprinkler systems can extinguish the fire
in their hearts to serve and share their technical
know -how to all plumbing professionals.

Schedule of Ads Prices


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Php 5,000.00
Php 2,500.00
Php 1, 250.00
Php 750.00

SUSTAINED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION FOR RMPS AND PES