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Unit A Religion and life based on a study of Christianity and at least one other religion Section A1 Believing in God numinous conversion miracle prayer design causation agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil omnipotent benevolent omniscient the feeling of the presence of something greater than you eg in a church or looking up at the stars when your life is changed by giving yourself to God something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it an attempt to contact God, usually through words when things are connected and seem to have a purpose eg the eye is designed for seeing the idea that everything has been caused (started off) by something else not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes the belief that God is all-powerful the belief that God is good/kind the belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that is going to happen the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world when it is raised the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive the belief that life is holy and belongs to God an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine

Section A2 Matters of Life and Death resurrection immortality of the soul paranormal abortion sanctity of life euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia

Section A3 Marriage and Family Life cohabitation marriage faithfulness pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery re-marriage nuclear family extended family re-constituted family Section A4 Social Harmony equality sexism multi-ethnic society prejudice discrimination racism racial harmony multi-faith society religious freedom religious pluralism the state of everyone having equal rights regardless of gender/race/class discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female) many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily many different religions living together in one society the right to practise your religion and change your religion accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children staying with your marriage partner and having sex only with them sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner marrying again after being divorced from a previous marriage mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other

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Unit B Religion and life based on a study of Christianity Section B1 Believing in God numinous conversion miracle prayer design causation agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil omnipotent benevolent omniscient the feeling of the presence of something greater than you eg in a church or looking up at the stars when your life is changed by giving yourself to God something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it an attempt to contact God, usually through words when things are connected and seem to have a purpose eg the eye for seeing the idea that everything has been caused (started off) by something else not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes the belief that God is all-powerful the belief that God is good/kind the belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that is going to happen

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Section B2 Matters of Life and Death resurrection immortality of the soul purgatory heaven hell paranormal sanctity of life abortion contraception euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world when it is raised the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body a place where Catholics believe souls go after death to be purified a place of paradise where God rules a place of horrors where Satan rules unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the belief that life is holy and belongs to God the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive preventing conception from occurring an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children staying with your marriage partner and having sex only with them sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner a declaration by the Church that a marriage never lawfully existed marrying again after being divorced from a previous marriage mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other sexual attraction to the same sex

Section B3 Marriage and the Family cohabitation marriage faithfulness pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery annulment re-marriage nuclear family extended family re-constituted family homosexuality

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Section B4 Social Harmony equality sexism multi-ethnic society prejudice discrimination racism racial harmony multi-faith society religious pluralism religious freedom the state of everyone having equal rights regardless of gender/race/class discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female) many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily many different religions living together in one society accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist the right to practise your religion and change your religion

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Unit C Religion and life based on a study of Catholic Christianity C1 Believing in God numinous conversion miracle prayer design causation agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil omnipotent benevolent omniscient the feeling of the presence of something greater than you eg in a church or looking up at the stars when your life is changed by giving yourself to God something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it an attempt to contact God, usually through words when things are connected and seem to have a purpose eg the eye is designed for seeing the idea that everything has been caused (started off) by something else not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes the belief that God is all-powerful the belief that God is good/kind the belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that will happen

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Section C2 Matters of Life and Death resurrection immortality of the soul purgatory heaven hell paranormal sanctity of life abortion contraception euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world when it is raised the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body a place where, Catholics believe, souls go after death to be purified a place of paradise where God rules a place of horrors where Satan rules unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the belief that life is holy and belongs to God the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive preventing conception from occurring an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children staying with your marriage partner and having sex only with them sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner a declaration by the Church that a marriage never lawfully existed marrying again after being divorced from a previous marriage mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other sexual attraction to the same sex

Section C3 Marriage and the Family cohabitation marriage faithfulness pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery annulment re-marriage nuclear family extended family re-constituted family homosexuality

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Section C4 Social Harmony equality sexism multi-ethnic society prejudice racism discrimination racial harmony multi-faith society religious freedom religious pluralism the state of everyone having equal rights regardless of gender/race/class discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female) many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily many different religions living together in one society accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist the right to practise your religion and change your religion

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Unit D Religion and life based on a study of Islam Section D1 Believing in Allah Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim Al-Aziz the Night of Power salah zakah sawm hajj agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil the Merciful the Compassionate the All-powerful the night when Muhammad was given his first revelation from Allah the five times a day ritual prayer the tax Muslims pay for the poor fasting, particularly in the month of Ramadan the annual pilgrimage to Makkah not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes Muslim beliefs about life after death heaven or paradise (literally the garden) hell unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the belief that life is holy and belongs to God the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive preventing conception from occurring an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine

Section D2 Matters of Life and Death akhirah al’Jannah jahannam paranormal sanctity of life abortion contraception euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia

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Section D3 Marriage and the Family cohabitation marriage mahr contract khutbah pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery kuhl talaq nuclear family extended family re-constituted family homosexuality Section D4 Social Harmony equality sexism multi-ethnic society prejudice racism discrimination racial harmony hajj ummah multi-faith society religious freedom religious pluralism the state of everyone having equal rights regardless of gender/race/class discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female) many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily the annual pilgrimage to Makkah the world-wide Muslim community many different religions living together in one society accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist the right to practise your religion and change your religion living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children a sum of money placed in trust for a bride by her husband at the wedding the legal document of marriage which specifies the mahr a sermon/talk by an imam in the mosque sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner a divorce both parties agree to a divorce which only one party wants mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other sexual attraction to the same sex

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Unit E Religion and life based on a study of Judaism Section E1 Believing in God omnipotent omniscient benevolent numinous miracles prayer design causation agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil the belief that God is all-powerful the belief that God knows everything that has happened and everything that will happen the belief that God is good/kind the feeling of the presence of something greater than you eg in a synagogue or looking at the stars something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it an attempt to contact God, usually through words when things are connected and seem to have a purpose eg the eye for seeing the idea that everything has been caused (started off) by something else not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes the belief that, after death, the body stays in the grave until the end of the world when it is raised the idea that the soul lives on after the death of the body the name given to Jewish cemeteries unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the belief that life is holy and belongs to God the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive preventing conception from occurring an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine

Section E2 Matters of Life and Death resurrection immortality of the soul house of life paranormal sanctity of life abortion contraception euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia

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Section E3 Marriage and the Family cohabitation marriage kiddushin ketubah huppah pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery Bet Din get nuclear family extended family re-constituted family homosexuality Section E4 Social Harmony Orthodox Reform multi-ethnic society prejudice discrimination racism racial harmony multi-faith society religious freedom religious pluralism the main group of Jews who believe that the mitzvot cannot be changed a movement of Jews who believe Judaism needs to be adapted to modern society many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily many different religions living together in one society accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist the right to practise your religion and change your religion living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children sanctification or making holy which is how Jews describe marriage the marriage contract the canopy used at Jewish weddings sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner a Jewish court of law a document of divorce mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other sexual attraction to the same sex

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Unit F Religion and life based on a study of Hinduism Section F1 Believing in God numinous mystical miracles prayer mandir agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil samsara karma dharma nirvana moksha reincarnation paranormal sanctity of life ahimsa atman abortion contraception euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia the feeling of the presence of something greater than you eg in a mandir or looking at the stars direct experience of God in such things as yogic trances something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it an attempt to contact God, usually through words a Hindu temple not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes the process of reincarnation actions: Hindus believe that every action has an effect on your soul religious duty/that which sustains one's existence the ending of material existence (paradise) release from the process of rebirth (salvation) the belief that souls are reborn into another born after death unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the belief that life is holy and belongs to God the principle of non-violence the self or the soul the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive preventing conception from occurring an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine

Section F2 Matters of Life and Death

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Section F3 Marriage and the Family cohabitation marriage havan saptapadi grihastha ashrama pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery nuclear family extended family re-constituted family homosexuality Section F4 Social Harmony equality sexism multi-ethnic society prejudice racism discrimination racial harmony multi-faith society religious freedom religious pluralism the state of everyone having equal rights regardless of gender/race/class discriminating against people because of their gender (being male or female) many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily many different religions living together in one society accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist the right to practise your religion and change your religion living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children the fire ritual at weddings (literally sacrifice in which food is poured onto fire) the seven steps taken at the wedding the householder stage of life a stage of life sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other sexual attraction to the same sex

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Unit G Religion and Life based on a study of Sikhism Section G1 Believing in God the amrit ceremony miracles prayer agnosticism atheism moral evil natural evil haumai manmukh reincarnation khands mukti paranormal sanctity of life abortion contraception euthanasia assisted suicide voluntary euthanasia non-voluntary euthanasia the Sikh initiation ceremony something which seems to break a law of science and makes you think only God could have done it an attempt to contact God, usually through words not being sure whether God exists believing that God does not exist actions done by humans which cause suffering things which cause suffering but have nothing to do with humans eg earthquakes egoism, the major spiritual defect self-orientated/human centred the belief that a soul moves into a different body after death stages on the path to liberation/salvation the freeing of the soul from rebirth/salvation/liberation unexplained things which are thought to have spiritual causes eg ghosts, mediums the belief that life is holy and belongs to God the removal of a foetus from the womb before it can survive preventing conception from occurring an easy and gentle death providing a seriously ill person with the means to commit suicide the situation where someone dying in pain asks a doctor to end her/his life painlessly ending someone's life painlessly when they are unable to ask, but you have good reason for thinking they would want you to do so eg switching off a life-support machine

Section G2 Matters of Life and Death

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Section G3 Marriage and the Family cohabitation marriage anand karaj lavan circling pre-marital sex promiscuity adultery nuclear family extended family re-constituted family homosexuality Section G4 Social Harmony Mati Sahib Kaur khalsa multi-ethnic society prejudice discrimination racism racial harmony multi-faith society religious freedom religious pluralism the woman who provided the ingredients for the first amrit ceremony the community of the pure/the Sikh community many different races and cultures living together in one society believing some people are inferior or superior without even knowing them putting prejudice into practice and treating people less favourably because of their race/gender/colour/class the belief that some races are superior to others different races/colours living together happily many different religions living together in one society accepting all religions as having an equal right to coexist the right to practise your religion and change your religion living together without being married the condition of a man and woman legally united for the purpose of living together and, usually, having children the Sikh wedding ceremony marriage hymn the essential feature of a Sikh wedding when the couple circle the Guru Granth Sahib sex before marriage having sex with a number of partners without commitment an act of sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than their marriage partner mother, father and children living as a unit children, parents and grandparents/aunts/uncles living as a unit or in close proximity where two sets of children (step-brothers and sisters) become one family when their divorced parents marry each other sexual attraction to the same sex

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Unit H Religion and society based on a study of Christianity and one other religion Section H1 Religion and Social Responsibility Bible Church conscience Situation Ethics electoral system first-past-the-post proportional representation national government local government Decalogue Golden Rule the holy book of Christians with 66 books split into Old and New Testament the community of Christians (with a small c it means a Christian place of worship) an inner feeling of the rightness or wrongness of an action the idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do in a situation the way in which voting is organised the voting system where whoever gets the most votes in a constituency wins the seat the voting system where seats are distributed according to the proportion of votes the government headed by the Prime Minister and Parliament which governs the whole country the local council which looks after local issues such as education and refuse disposal the Ten Commandments the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you the contamination/degradation of the environment the trapping of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere which is thought to increase the temperature of the earth such pollutants as coal smoke which make rain more acidic naturally occurring materials such as oil and fertile land which can be used by humans the act of creating the universe or the universe which has been created looking after something so it can be passed on to the next generation the surroundings in which plants and animals live and which they depend on to live protecting and preserving natural resources and the environment the belief that animal have rights not to be exploited by humans

Section H2 Religion and the Environment pollution greenhouse effect acid rain natural resources creation stewardship environment conservation animal rights

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Section H3 Religion: Peace and Conflict nuclear weapons other weapons of mass destruction pacifism just war world peace bullying forgiveness reconciliation sin crime law justice deterrence retribution reform judgement punishment capital punishment weapons based on atomic fission or fusion non-nuclear weapons which can destroy large areas/numbers of people eg chemical weapons refusing to fight in wars a war which is fought for the right reasons and in a right way the basic aim of the United Nations to remove the causes of war intimidating/frightening people weaker than yourself the act of stopping blaming someone and/or pardoning them for what they have done wrong bringing together people who were opposed to each other an act against the will of God an act against the law rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts due allocation of reward and punishment, the maintenance of what is right the idea that punishments should be of such a nature that they will put people off (deter) committing crimes the idea that punishments should make criminals pay for what they have done wrong the idea that punishments should try to change criminals so that they will not commit crimes again the act of judging people and their actions a penalty given for any crime or offence the death penalty for a crime or offence

Section H4 Religion: Crime and Punishment

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Unit I Christianity Section I1 Beliefs and Values unity trinity monotheism incarnation virgin birth Christ crucifixion resurrection fire wind dove salvation repentance faith forgiveness reconciliation the state of being one the belief that God is three in one belief in one God the belief that God took human form in Jesus the belief that Jesus was not conceived by sex the Messiah/the Anointed One a Roman death penalty suffered by Jesus when he was nailed to the cross the body being brought back to life after death/Jesus being raised from the dead a sign of the Holy Spirit purifying sins a sign of the Holy Spirit’s presence and power a sign of the peace the Holy Spirit brings being saved from sin and becoming good the act of being sorry for wrongdoing and deciding not to do it again belief in something without total proof to stop blaming someone and/or pardon them for what they have done wrong bringing together people who were opposed to each other

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Section I2 Community and Tradition Old Testament New Testament authority holy catholic apostolic Body of Christ communion of saints bishops priests deacons laity celibacy ordination the first part of the Bible which Christians believe foretells Jesus the second part of the Bible which records the life of Jesus and the early Church the power/right to tell others what to believe and how to behave of or relating to God/sacred universal or world wide the belief that the Church is founded on the apostles who were appointed by Jesus the belief that the Church is Christ’s body in the world continuing his work the belief that Christians will live on after death and that living Christians can share with those who have died specially chosen priests who are responsible for all the churches in a diocese specially called/chosen people who are ordained to be ministers of the sacraments either people training to be priests or specially chosen assistants to priests all the people of the Church who are not chosen to be bishops, priests or deacons living without engaging in any sexual activity making someone a priest by the sacrament of holy orders

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Section I3 Worship and Celebration real presence transubstantiation commemoration the belief that Jesus is present in the bread and wine of the Eucharist the belief that the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus the belief that the Eucharist remembers and keeps alive the Last Supper of Jesus, but nothing happens to the bread and wine worship involving spiritual gifts such as speaking in tongues and healing worship which does not have any set ritual or form of words the practice of baptising babies/children the sacrament when people confirm for themselves the promises made for them in infant baptism the practice of only baptising those old enough to express their beliefs four weeks remembering how God prepared for the first coming of Jesus and thinking about the Second Coming festival celebrating the birth of Christ festival celebrating the visit of the Wise Men and/or the baptism of Jesus 40 days set apart for prayer and fasting the week beginning with Palm Sunday remembering the last week of Jesus’ life festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus festival celebrating the giving of the Holy Spirit

charismatic worship non-liturgical worship infant baptism confirmation believers’ baptism Advent Christmas Epiphany Lent Holy Week Easter Pentecost

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Section I4 Living the Christian Life Ten Commandments The Sermon on the Mount displaying religion judgement Golden Rule service (to others) compassion concern justice oppressed the ten rules for living given by God to Moses Jesus’ description of Christian living making a show of your religion eg by praying in the street the act of judging people and their actions the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you showing Christian values by helping other people sharing the distress and sufferings of others to show compassion by becoming involved in other people's distress due allocation of reward and punishment, the maintenance of what is right those who are made to suffer by others (especially by governments and the rich or powerful)

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Unit J Catholic Christianity Section J1 Beliefs and Values unity trinity monotheism incarnation virgin birth Christ crucifixion resurrection fire wind dove repentance faith forgiveness reconciliation God’s way of being one the belief that God is three in one belief in one God the belief that God took human form in Jesus the belief that Jesus was not conceived by sex the Messiah/the Anointed One a Roman death penalty suffered by Jesus when he was nailed to the cross the body being brought back to life after death/Jesus being raised from the dead when used of the Holy Spirit, it implies purifying power when used of the Holy Spirit, it implies power when used of the Holy Spirit, it implies peace the act of being sorry for wrongdoing and deciding not to do it again belief in something without total proof to stop blaming someone and/or pardon them for what they have done wrong bringing together people who were opposed to each other

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Section J2 Community and Tradition faith holy catholic apostolic Body of Christ communion of saints bishops priests deacons laity celibacy ordination Bible Magisterium apostolic succession papacy dogmas belief in something without total proof of or relating to God/sacred universal or world wide the belief that the Church can only be understood in the light of the apostles the belief that the Church is Christ’s body in the world continuing his work the belief that followers of Jesus, both living on earth and those who have died, are united with each other specially chosen priests who are responsible for all the churches in a diocese specially called/chosen people who are ordained to be ministers of the sacraments those called to assist the bishops, especially in caring for those in need those who share the mission of the Church without being ordained living without engaging in any sexual activity making someone a priest, bishop or deacon by the sacrament of holy orders the holy book of Christians with 66 books split into Old and New Testament the Pope and the bishops interpreting the Bible and Tradition for Catholics today the belief that the bishops and the Pope continue the mission Jesus gave to Peter and the Apostles the office of Pope the beliefs of the Catholic Church

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Section J3 Worship and Celebration water chrism vows renewal of baptismal vows penitential rite liturgy of the word liturgy of the Eucharist rite of communion sacrifice real presence transubstantiation tabernacle contrition penance absolution viaticum Christmas Lent Holy Week Easter used in baptism as a sign of purification the oil used in baptism, confirmation and ordination solemn promises made to God confirming and deepening the solemn promises made at baptism the confession and absolution at the beginning of Mass the Bible readings in the Mass giving thanks and praise and the consecrating of the bread and wine in the Eucharistic prayer receiving the body and blood of Jesus a surrender of something valuable for the sake of others the belief that Jesus is present in the bread and wine of the Eucharist the belief that the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus a safe place in which is kept the Blessed Sacrament sorrow for the sin committed and deciding not to sin again an action showing contrition through the action of the priest, God grants pardon and peace food for the journey festival celebrating the birth of Christ 40 days set aside for prayer and fasting the week beginning with Palm Sunday remembering the last week of Jesus’ life festival celebrating the resurrection of Jesus

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Section J4 Living the Christian Life Ten Commandments Sermon on the Mount displaying religion judgement Golden Rule service (to others) compassion concern justice oppressed the ten rules for living given by God to Moses Jesus’ description of Christian living making a show of your religion eg by praying in the street the act of judging people and their actions the teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you showing Christian values by helping other people sharing the distress and sufferings of others to show compassion by becoming involved in other people's distress due allocation of reward and punishment, the maintenance of what is right those who are made to suffer by others (especially by governments and the rich or powerful)

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Unit K Islam Section K1 Beliefs and Values Tawhid Shirk Khalifah Adam al Qadar Risalah Ibrahim Isa Tawrat Zabur Injil Akhirah Surah Ayat bismilah prophethood Makkah hijrah Madinah Sunni Shi’ah hadith imam 10 Muharram the oneness of Allah the sin of regarding anything as an equal or partner of Allah custodian or steward of the world for Allah the first man and first prophet of Allah Allah's control of future events Muslim beliefs about the prophets of Allah the prophet Abraham who is connected with much of the Hajj the prophet Jesus the holy book given by Allah to the prophet Musa the holy book given by Allah to the prophet Dawud the holy book given by Allah to the prophet Isa Muslim beliefs about life after death a chapter of the Qur'an a verse of the Qur'an the words which begin every surah the position of being a messenger of Allah the city where the Ka'bah is and where Muhammad was born the emigration of the Prophet Muhammad from Makkah to Madinah in 622 the city of the Prophet Muslims who believe that the first four caliphs after the Prophet Muhammad were rightly guided Muslims who believe only the caliph Ali was rightly guided the sayings and actions of the prophet Muhammad as recorded by his family and friends a person who leads salah prayers the day when Shi'ah Muslims remember the slaughter of Imam Hussein

Section K2 Community and Tradition

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Section K3 Worship and Celebration shahadah salah wudu qiblah niyyah rak’ah ju’mah zakah ummah sawm Ramadan Id-ul-Fitr hajj Tawaf Sa’y Mina Arafat Id-ul-Adha the declaration of Muslim faith which is the first pillar the five daily prayers which are the second pillar the washing which must take place before salah the direction of the Ka'bah in Makkah which must be faced in salah the prayer of intention which begins salah a unit of prayer (each time of salah has a set number of units) the Friday midday prayers for which Muslim males must attend mosque a tax Muslims must pay for the poor which is the third pillar the world wide Muslim community fasting by going without food and drink during daylight hours and the fourth pillar the ninth month when the Qur'an says all Muslims must fast the day after Ramadan ends, the festival of breaking the fast the annual pilgrimage to Makkah which is the fifth pillar going round the Ka'bah seven times in worship of Allah walking quickly between Safa and Marwah as part of Hajj a place near Makkah where pilgrims make the sacrifice a plain near Makkah where pilgrims confess their sins the festival of the sacrifice when all Muslims share in the event of Hajj Islamic law based on the Qur'an and the Sunnah that which is permitted or lawful that which is forbidden or unlawful struggle against evil in the way of Allah used to describe the headscarf worn by Muslim women any form of lending or borrowing money at interest the birth ceremony for Muslim children a special salah used at funerals

Section K4 Living the Muslim Life shari’ah halal haram jihad hijab riba aqiqa Janazah

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Unit L Judaism Section L1 Beliefs and Values hashem Shema literally the Name, it is part of the Jewish belief that God's name is holy and should not be pronounced unnecessarily the verse from Deuteronomy which states God's oneness and is used by Jews in the mezuzah etc to remind themselves of God's unity the belief that God is all-powerful the belief that God knows everything that has been and everything that will be the belief that God is everywhere literally an agreement between two parties, for Jews the covenant means the agreement between God and the Jewish people the movement to establish and support a Jewish state in Israel the Anointed One who will be sent by the Almighty to bring in a new age the Jewish Bible the five books of Moses which contain God's law and are the first part of the tenakh the prophet books which are the second part of the tenakh the writings which are the third part of the tenakh the oral law as written by Rabbi Judah the Prince in about 200 CE collection of the mishnah and other writings on law and morals a collection of replies by rabbis to difficult questions collections of the authoritative rulings on Jewish behaviour the name for the Jewish law or for a particular law a Jewish court of law the Sabbath, the seventh day of the week the blessing recited over the wine which means sanctification or making holy the special loaves of bread used for Shabbat and other festivals the ceremony to mark the end of Shabbat and other festivals

omnipotent omniscient omnipresent covenant

Zionism Messiah Tenakh Torah Nevi’im Ketuvim Mishnah Talmud Responsa Codes Halakhah Bet Din Shabbat kiddush challot havdalah

Section L2 Community and Tradition

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Section L3 Worship and Celebration tallit teffillin yamulkah Pesach Shavuot Sukkot Simchat Torah Hanukkah Purim Rosh Hashanah Yamin Neraim Yom Kippur mitzvot mezuzah kosher mikveh brit milah mohel sandek bar mitzvah bat mitzvah bat chayil (Siddur) chevra kaddisha shiva kaddish the wool or silk robe or shawl worn by Jewish males for morning prayer the two leather boxes, containing Torah passages, worn by Jewish males for morning prayers the skull cap worn by Jewish males in the presence of the Almighty the festival of Passover the festival of Weeks or Pentecost the festival of Booths or Tabernacles the festival of rejoicing the Law the festival of dedication the festival commemorating Esther saving the Jews from extermination the Jewish New Year the Days of Awe between New Year and Atonement the Day of Atonement the commandments a Jew must follow small parchment scroll containing shema and covenant put on the right hand door post food which a Jew is allowed to eat ritual bath for spiritual cleansing covenant of cutting/circumcision one who conducts circumcision the man who holds the baby boy during circumcision initiation ceremony for boys initiation ceremony for girls (mainly Reform or Liberal) initiation ceremony for girls (mainly Orthodox) the people who prepare a body for burial seven days when bereaved people sit at home prayer of sanctification used in mourning ceremonies

Section L4 Living the Jewish Life

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Unit M Hinduism Section M1 Beliefs and Values Brahman Om trimurti Brahma Vishnu Shiva avatar Durga samsara karma moksha sanatan dharma gunas rajas sattva tamas varnas brahmins kshatriyas vaishyas shudras jati dalit smriti shruti bhakti swami guru the ultimate reality from which everything comes the sacred symbol representing Brahman the three deities – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva the deity in charge of creative power the preserver deity the deity in charge of destruction and re-creation the descent of a deity to earth the goddess who can control ignorance and selfishness reincarnation of the passage of the soul through many lives actions or the law of cause and effect liberation from samsara or rebirth the eternal religion (Hinduism) the qualities of goodness, passion and ignorance the guna of passion the guna of goodness the guna of ignorance the four divisions of Hindu society the highest of the varnas from which priests must come the second of the varnas who are rulers/warriors the third of the varnas who are merchants and farmers the fourth varna who are workers the subgroup of the varna which defines occupations oppressed caste the Hindu scriptures other than the Vedas and Upanishads the Vedas and Upanishads devotion or love for the deity a religious leader honoured because s/he can control their senses a spiritual teacher

Section M2 Community and Tradition

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Section M3 Worship and Celebration puja arti murti darshan prashad Holi Navaratri Durga puja Divali yatra Ayodhya Varanasi Vrindavan ashramas brahmacharya grihastha vanaprastha sannyasa Samskars ahimsa karma yoga jnana yoga bhakti yoga raja yoga the ceremonies connected with worship the fire/light ceremony when incense or lamps are offered to the deity the image of a deity paying respect to a holy image to receive a blessing sacred food the festival of colours celebrated in spring the nine nights festival before Dussehra celebration during Navaratri when the power of Durga over evil is celebrated the festival of light Hindu pilgrimage pilgrimage city where Rama was born pilgrimage city on the Ganges associated with death rituals pilgrimage city connected with Krishna stages of life the first stage of life (student) the second stage of life (householder) the third stage of life (retiring to the woods) the fourth stage of life (wandering holy man) rituals marking each new stage of life respect for life, not killing the path of good deeds performed with an attitude of selflessness the path of knowledge the path of loving devotion the highest form of knowledge involving mind, body, senses and soul

Section M4 Living the Hindu Life

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Unit N Sikhism Section N1 Beliefs and Values Mool Mantar Akal Purakh Satnam Waheguru samsara karma mukti manmukh gurmukh haumai varna Janamsakhi Japji Guru Angad Kartarpur Khalsa Singh Kaur panj piare Guru Granth Sahib Adi Granth the statement of basic Sikh beliefs at the beginning of the Guru Granth Sahib the Eternal One (God) the True Name (God) Wonderful Lord (God) the rebirth of a soul into another body until liberation is attained deeds the consequences of which affect rebirth spiritual liberation self-orientated or human centred God-oriented egoism, the major spiritual defect the class divisions of Hindu society life stories of a Guru Guru Nanak's most famous hymn Guru Nanak’s successor the place where Guru Nanak began the Sikh community the Sikh community lion, the name taken by initiated Sikh men princess, the name taken by initiated Sikh women the five beloved ones, those first initiated into the khalsa, those who perform the amrit ceremony today the Sikh holy book the first collection of scripture by Guru Arjan, or another name for the Guru Granth Sahib

Section N2 Community and Tradition

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Section N3 Worship and Celebration diwan kirtan shabads ardas karah parshad langar amrit melas gurpurbs Vaisakhi Diwali akhand path the Sikh act of public worship devotional singing Sikh hymns the Sikh formal prayer offered at most acts of worship sanctified food which is shared at the gurdwara the meal served in the gurdwara after diwan, or the place where it is served sanctified mixture of sugar and water used at the khalsa initiation ceremony Sikh festivals anniversaries of a Guru's birth or death Sikh New Year festival celebrating the founding of the khalsa a festival of lights celebrating the release of Guru Hargobind from prison continuous reading of the Guru Granth Sahib from beginning to end the recitation of the set daily prayers the night prayers evening prayers the 5 k’s worn by initiated Sikhs leaving hair uncut the ritual comb worn in the hair the steel band worn on the right wrist the specially designed shorts the ritual sword the Sikh flag flown at gurdwaras the turban voluntary service

Section N4 Living the Sikh Life nit nem sohila raheras panj kakke kesh kangha kara kach kirpan Nishan Sahib pagri sewa

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Unit O Buddhism Section O1 Beliefs and Values anicca anatta dukkha tanha khandas wheel of existence samsara kamma prajna sila samadhi nibbana impermanence, the instability of all things the denial of a permanent personal self or soul suffering, which is the nature of human existence in the first noble truth craving or desire the five qualities of a person: form, feeling, perception, mental formation, consciousness the Buddhist belief that life, death and rebirth is like a wheel which never ends the continual round of birth, death and rebirth actions which affect this and future lives insight or wisdom morality a state of deep meditation the state of perfect peace which follows the blowing out of desire the Buddha seeing: an old man, a sick man, a corpse and a holy man punishing the body (eg by going without food) to improve the soul the tree under which Siddhartha was sitting when he received enlightenment the teachings of the Buddha final and complete nibbana at the passing away of a Buddha the Buddhist community Buddhists who are not monks or nuns a Buddhist monk a Buddhist nun a Buddhist monastery or dwelling place an enlightened disciple who is free from desire a being destined to be a Buddha who helps all living things a ritual text the three collections of sacred Buddhist books the most important of the Buddhist scriptures

Section O2 Community and Tradition four sights ascetic practices bodhi tree dhamma parinibbana sangha laypeople bhikku bhikkuni vihara Arahant Bodhisattva tantra Tipitaka Dhammapada

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Section O3 Worship and Celebration puja rupa mudra mantras thankas dhyana samatha vipassana Wesak Vassa Buddhist worship a Buddha image ritual gestures as seen in Buddha images phrases chanted in worship or meditation embroidered images of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas Buddhist meditation calm, abiding meditation insight meditation Buddha day when the birth, enlightenment and death of the Buddha are celebrated the time during the monsoon period when many Buddhists retreat to monasteries to spend a few weeks as a monk or nun the five precepts or guidelines for Buddhist living each precept has a negative side eg I will not kill each precept has a positive side eg I will show loving kindness to all living creatures becoming a monk or nun the rules of the monastic way of life unselfish loving kindness compassion patience or forbearance insight meditation

Section O4 Living the Buddhist Life pansil negative positive ordination vinaya metta karuna kshanti vipassana

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Unit P Mark’s Gospel Section P1 Discipleship disciples Levi Twelve true family suffering discipleship true greatness service failure Peter’s denial followers of Jesus a tax collector who was called to be a disciple the twelve selected from the disciples to be Jesus’ closest disciples those who follow the teachings of Jesus are his true family the pain, misery or loss experienced by someone who suffers what it means to be a follower of Jesus the teaching of Jesus that service of others is true greatness an act of help or assistance lack of success in performance or an insufficiency the way Peter said he was not a follower of Jesus after the arrest of Jesus the power of God to cancel out the sins of a person those who did not follow all the Jewish laws going without food on certain days as a sign of devotion to God the day of rest on the seventh day of the week the Jewish laws on food and washing which prevented anything unclean entering the body a gift to the Temple which meant the money could not be used for anything else the death of Jesus the Sunday before Good Friday when Jesus entered Jerusalem on a donkey the building in Jerusalem where sacrifices were made the power/right to tell others what to believe and how to behave love God and love your neighbour

Section P2 Conflict and Argument forgiveness of sins sinners fasting Sabbath ritual cleanness Corban Passion Palm Sunday Temple authority greatest commandment

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Section P3 Death and Resurrection Last Supper Garden of Gethsemane betrayal High Priest Pontius Pilate crown of thorns crucifixion burial resurrection shorter ending longer ending Section P4 Who is Jesus? baptism confession Caesarea Philippi transfiguration Legion Jairus’ daughter blind Bartimaeus nature miracles healing miracles Son of God Son of Man Messiah (Christ) confessing sins and being immersed in water as a sign of purification an acknowledgement or declaration of something the place to the north of the Sea of Galilee where Peter confessed that Jesus was the Messiah when Jesus’ clothes and face became shining after his talk with God on the mountain the name given to the man who was possessed by many demons the 12 year old girl brought back to life by Jesus the blind man who called Jesus the Messiah and was cured miracles where Jesus showed power over inanimate things like the sea, the wind, bread and fish miracles where Jesus showed his power by healing people from illnesses a title given to Jesus showing he had a special relationship with God a title used by Jesus of himself, probably meaning he would suffer before bringing in God's kingdom the Anointed One who would bring in God's kingdom the last meal Jesus ate with his disciples which founded the Eucharist the place where Jesus was arrested handing over to an enemy the chief Jewish leader at the time of Jesus the Roman procurator (governor) of Judea at the time of Jesus the crown placed on Jesus' head by the Roman soldiers symbolising his suffering and his kingship the Roman death penalty suffered by Jesus when he was nailed to the cross the placing of Jesus in a stone tomb by Joseph of Arimathea the body being brought back to life after death/Jesus rising from the dead chapter 16 verse 9 chapter 16 verses 9-20

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