You are on page 1of 31

STEAM TURBINE

Technical Data, pictures and section


drawings - MAA
Lube Oil System - MAV
Control Oil System - MAX
Gland Steam System - MAW
Turbine Drain System MAL

2
11/16/2014

TSE and Margins


STG Start Up and Shut Down
STG controller
Detailed discussion on Protections
Lub Oil Purification Unit

3
11/16/2014

4
11/16/2014

2 to 3: Isobaric heat rejection


(Condenser)
3 to 4: Isentropic compression (Pump)
4 to 1: Isobaric heat supply (Boiler)
1 to 2: Isentropic expansion (Steam
turbine )

5
11/16/2014

Steam Parameter Limits


Steam Flow 325.44 kg/s
Steam Pressures in Bar Absolute

Nominal

Long Term

Short Term

Main Steam

76.5

85.7

99.5*

Before 1st Stage

75.5

81.5

81.5

Exhaust Steam

2.23

5.0

7.0

Long Term Upper limit with no time restriction


Short Term Permissible instantaneous value with cumulative
duration not more than 12 hours in a year.
* - Set the safety valve so as not to exceed this value
6
11/16/2014

7
11/16/2014

8
11/16/2014

9
11/16/2014

Turbine Oil Specs


Mineral or Synthetic oil of viscosity class
ISO VG 32 or ISO VG 46 (DIN 51 519)
Capable of withstanding 120 C in
bearings and 80 C in the oil tank without
physical or chemical degradation.
Hydraulic Oil ISO-L-HM46 (DIN
51524-HLP46) capable of withstanding 70
C.

10
11/16/2014

Hydro Safe ISO VG 32

Non-Toxic - Biodegradable - Environmentally Friendly


Antiwear - Hydraulic Oil
Hydro Safe ISO VG 32 is a vegetable based hydraulic fluid formulated to
meet the demand for biodegradable hydraulic oils. It is designed to
minimize environmental impact and have low environmental persistance.
Hydro Safe ISO VG 32 offers excellent antiwear performance in a wide array
of hydraulic components, and can be used as a superior replacement for
conventional petroleum oil. It exhibits good thermal and oxidative
properties when compared to other vegetable-derived products. Formulated
from canola oil, and containing biodegradable, non-toxic chemical
additives. Its high vicosity index (VI) allows outdoor operations in winter
and summer without the need for fluid changes or equipment modifications.
Viscosity Index ASTM D-567, ASA Z11.45 is an empirical number indicating
the rate of change in viscosity of an oil within a given temperature range. A
low viscosity index signifies a relatively large change in viscosity with
temperature change, while a high viscosity index shows a relatively small
change in vicosity with temperature change. Viscosity Index cannot be used
to measure any other quality of an oil.
The fluid is totally biodegradable, and exceeds the government criteria of
being "readily biodegradable." Readily biodegradable is defined as an
attribute of products that have a natural ability to biodgrade quickly and
completely. Once the fluid is leaked into the ground, it has the ability of
substance to be digested or consumed by naturally occurring
microorganisms present in water, air, and soil systems. Complete
biodegradability is the conversion of a substance to carbon dioxide and
water.

11
11/16/2014

Steam Purity Why ?


Impurities can cause damage to turbine
components by - corrosion, stress
corrosion, corrosion fatigue, erosioncorrosion.
Deposition can cause - thermodynamic
losses, lower efficiency, upsetting of
pressure distributions, clogging of seals
and clearances

12
11/16/2014

Values recommended for continuous


operation
Parameter

Unit

Normal Value

Achievable
Value

ACC @ 25 C

S/cm

< 0.2

0.1

Na

g/kg

<5

Silica

g/kg

< 10

Total Iron

g/kg

< 20

Total Copper

g/kg

<2

Mass weighted averaging for multiple sources. i.e. if A conductivity


A = Mi * Ai / Mi

13
11/16/2014

Limit Values for Start Up and cases of


deviation from values recommended
for continuous operation.
Action
Level 1

Action Level
3

Action Level
4

0.5 < 1.0

1.0

10 < 15

15 < 20

20

10 < 20

20 < 40

40 < 50

50

g/kg

20 < 30

30 < 40

40 < 50

50

g/kg

2<5

5<8

8 < 10

10

100

24

h/a

2000

500

80

Parameter

Unit

ACC @ 25 C

S/cm

Na

g/kg

5 < 10

Silica

g/kg

Total Iron
Total Copper

Hours per event


allowable
Cumulative
time per year

Action
Level 2

0.2 < 0.35 0.35 < 0. 5

14
11/16/2014

Output Limit During Valve Testing

While testing the Main Steam Stop and


Control Valves with Automatic Turbine
Tester, the Turbine output should be
limited to 80%

15
11/16/2014

16
11/16/2014

Turbine Stop & Control Valves


2 Stop and Control Valves each
Stop and CV combined in a common body
with stems arranged at right angles
Stop Valve Single seat valve with
integral pilot disk. Hydraulic actuation
against spring force will close in case of
power failure to solenoid
CV Tubular disk with relieving holes.
Hydraulic actuation against spring force.

17
11/16/2014

Function ESV MAA11/12AA051


Rapid and reliable interruption of Steam
Supply to the turbine in case of activation
of protection.
To allow admission of steam for warm up
of the CV during cold start

18
11/16/2014

Function CV MAA12/22AA151
Rapid interruption of Steam Supply to the
turbine in case of activation of protection
Allow admission of steam into turbine for
warm up during start.
Control the speed gradient during run up to
Nominal speed
Control the load of the steam turbine when
synchronised

19
11/16/2014

Example
(Not at
S1)

20
11/16/2014

11/16/2014

ST ESV

22
11/16/2014

ST CV

23
11/16/2014

TURBINE EXHAUST
AND SAFETY
VALVES

24
11/16/2014

Lube Oil System - MAV


Safe Oil Supply to Bearings
Jacking up shaft at low speeds
Driving the hydraulic turning device
Avoid escape of oil vapours from the
bearings and the oil tank
Oil cooling
Oil Purification
Special Op mode during Fire Protn

25
11/16/2014

Main Components

Lub Oil Tank MAV10BB001

2 x 100% LOPs (~ 5.5 Bar) MAV21AP021/022


1 x 100% EOP (~ 2.5 Bar) MAV24AP001

2 x 100% Lift Oil Pps (~ 160 Bar) MAV24AP001


2 x 100% Vapour Extractor fans MAV82AN001/2

2 x 100% Lub Oil Coolers


2 x 100% Lub Oil Filters
Thermostatic Temperature CV
Oil Purification Unit

26
11/16/2014

Thrust Pads

Journal Bearing

27
11/16/2014

Manual Turning Gear Mechanism

Control Fluid System MAX


Supply the ST ESVs, CVs and Safety
Valve actuators with high pressure control
fluid (160 Bar)
Fast closing/opening of valves when Trip
signal actuated.
Transmission of electrical signals from
turbine controller into hydraulic signals for
fast and accurate positioning of CVs

29
11/16/2014

Main Components

Control fluid tank MAX01BB001


2 x 100% control fluid pps MAX01AP001/002
2 Hydraulic accumulators MAX01BB011/012
2 filters downstream of each pump
MAX01AT011/012
1 Circulating oil pump MAX01AP011
1 Control fluid cooler MAX01AC011
Fine mesh filter d/s of cooler MAX01AT013
30
11/16/2014

Gland Steam
Extraction Points

31
11/16/2014