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costs Rs. 50 and contains 6 kg of nitrogen and 3 kg of potassium. A

bag of fertilizer N costs Rs.40 and contains 3 kg of nitrogen and 3 kg

of potassium. If the farmer wants to add at least 30 kg of nitrogen

and at least 18 kg of potassium to each plot of land, formulate the

problem of minimizing the cost of fertilizing a plot of land? Also,

solve the L.P. problem graphically.[Ans: 280 at (4, 2)]

2. One kind of cake takes 200 gm of flour and 25 gm of fat and

another kind of cake takes 100 gm of flour and 50 gm of fat.

Suppose we want to make as many cakes as possible but have only

4 kg of flour and 1.175 kg of fat available, although there is no

shortage of the various other ingredients. If the profit on selling

first and second kinds of cakes are Rs. 3 and Rs. 2 respectively,

formulate the above L.P. problem and find how many of each kind

of cake should we make so that the profit may be maximum. [Ans:

69 at (11, 18)]

3. Maximize z = 5x1 + 3x2 subject to 3x1 + 5x2 15, 5x1 + 2x2 10, x1 0

and x2 0 [Ans: 235/19 at (20/19, 45/19)]

4. A firm makes two types of furniture: Chair and Table. The

contributions for each product as calculated by accounting

departments are Rs. 20 per chair and Rs. 30 per table. Both

products are processed on three machines M1, M2, M2. The time

required by each product and total time available per unit on each

machine is as follows:

Machine

Chair

Table

Available Hours

i.

ii.

M1

3

3

36

M2

5

2

50

M3

2

6

60

Formulate this problem as a L.P. problem.

How should the manufacturer schedule his production in

order to maximize contribution? Use graphical method.

5. A shopkeeper wishes to buy some pens and copies. Pen cost Rs. 18

each and copies cost Rs. 12 each. The shopkeeper has no place for

more than 20 pens and copies and cannot afford to pay more than

Rs. 288. If he can reasonably expect to make a profit of Rs.11 per

pen and Rs. 9 per copy, how many of each should he buy in order to

make his total profit as large as possible? [Ans: Rs. 196 at (8, 12)]

6. Minimize z = 5x + 3y subject to 2x + y 6, x 2, x 0 and y 0 [Ans:

Min z = 0 at (0, 0)]

7. Suppose that 8, 12 and 9 units of protein, carbohydrate and fat

respectively are the minimum weekly requirements for a person.

Food A contains 2, 6 and 1 units of protein, carbohydrate and fat

respectively per kg. and food B contains 1, 1 and 3 units

respectively per kg. If A costs Rs. 0.85 per kg and B costs Rs. 0.40

per kg; how many kgs of each should be buy per week to minimize

his cost and still meet his minimum requirements. Formulate the

above problem as a linear programming problem. [Ans: Rs. 3.25, A

= 1kg and B = 6 kg]

8. A handloom firm produces two types of clothes A and B and makes

a profit of Rs. 20 per unit on A and Rs. 25 per unit of B. Three types

of workers (skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled) are available each for

skilled worker and 2/3 hour of the unskilled worker. Production of

one unit of B requires 1/3 hour of the semi-skilled worker and

hour of the unskilled worker. What combination of the two types of

cloth should be produced to maximize total profit? Solve the

problem graphically. [Ans: Rs. 400, A = 0, B = 16]

9. The Destiny Foundation combines factories A and B to form final

product which must weigh exactly 150 kg. Factor A costs Rs. 2 per

unit and B costs Rs. 8 per unit. At least 14 units of B and mo more

than 20 units of A must be used. Each unit of A weighs 5 kgs. and

each unit of B weighs 10 kg. How much each type of raw material

should be used for each unit of final product if the company wishes

to minimum cost? [Ans: Rs. 116, A = 2 and B = 14]

10. A firm uses lathes, milling and grinding machines to produce two

machine parts. The following table represents the machining times

required for each part, the machine times available on different

machines and the profit on each machine part.

Types of

machines

Lathes

Milling

Grinding

Profit

per

unit

the machine part(mins)

I

II

12

6

4

10

2

3

Rs. 40

Rs. 100

Maximum time

available(mins)

3000

2000

900

rejects:

25

30

35

40

No. of

5

15

28

42

15

12

3

operators

Calculate the mean, standard deviation and coefficient of skewness and

comment on the results. [Ans: 36.96, 6.736, - 0.109]

The following information about the settlement of an industrial dispute

in a factory. Comment on the gains and losses from the point of workers

and that of management:

NO. of workers

Mean wages

Median wages

Standard deviation

Before

3000

2200

2500

300

After

2900

2300

2400

260

of skewness and comment on the result.[Ans: mean: 37.25, mode:

36.67, s.d.:8.29 and sk: 0.07]

Age below(years) 25

Number

of 8

employees

30

20

35

40

40

65

45

80

50

92

median 12. Find the coefficient of variation and coefficient of skewness.

[ans: - 1.341]

The data on the profits(in Rs. Lakh) earned by 60 companies as follows:

Data of rejected items during the a production process is as follows:

Profits

No. of

21 -

26 -

31 -

36 -

41 - 45

46 - 50

51 - 55

Below 10 20 30 40 50

10

55

100

The following table gives the length of the life(in hours) of 400 TV

picture tubes.

20 30 40 50 60

12 20 16 5 2

No.

of 5

companies

a. Obtain the limits of profits of central 50 percent companies.

b. Calculate the Bowleys coefficient of skewness. [Ans: 0.02]

frequency distribution.{ans: - 0.103)

Age(yrs)

Below 20

20 25

25 30

30 35

Number

Employees

13

29

46

60

of Age(yrs)

Number

Employees

112

94

45

21

35 40

40 45

45 50

50 and above

of

distribution.

following data given below:[Ans: 0.0114, 2.047]

Profit (Rs. in lakh) 10-20

Number

of 18

companies

20-30

20

30-40

30

40-50

22

50-60

10

Earnings

5070

of 4

7090

8

90110

12

110130

20

130150

6

150170

7

170190

3

No.

workers

Calculate the first four moments about the point 120. Convert the

results into moments about the mean. [ans: -3.66, 940, -5466.66,

2200000, 0, 926.55, 4774.83, 2195107.20]

The data on the profits (in Rs. lakh) earned by 60 companies is as

follows:

i.

ii.

companies.

[ans

: Rs. 35 lakh 18.33 lakh]

Calculate the Bowleys coefficient of skewness.[ans: 0.02]

The first four moments of a distribution about the origin are 1, 4, 10 and

46 repsectively. Obtian the various characteristics of the distribution on

the basis of the information given. Comment upon the nature of

distribution. [ans: 3, 1.732, 0]

Th first three moments of a distribution about the value 1 of the variable

are 2, 25 and 80. Find the mean, standard deviation and the momentmeasure of skewness. [ans: 3, 4.58, -0.561]

The standard deviation of a symmetrical distribution is 3. What must be

the value of the fourth moment about the mean in order that the

distribution be i) mesokurtic ii) leptokurtic iii) platykurtic. [Ans: 243,

>243 and <243]

A scientist, doing research on a special type of fodder which helps to

increase the weight of animals in short, kept 100 bulbs under

experiment. Those bulbs were given a fixed amount of developed fodder

per day for one month, and ager one month they were weighted.

Following table gives the increase in their weight after the experiment?

Increase in wt. 0 5 5

10

15

20

25 30

(in kg)

10

15

20

25

30

35

No. of bulbs

3

7

18

35

25

8

4

The scientist is confident that if data obtained fits a normal curve, he is

successful in developing the special fodder. Do you think that scientist is

successful in his endeavour? [ans: not successful]

Daily expenditure

0-20

20 40

40 60

60 - 80

80

100

No. of families

13

27

16

If the mode of the distribution is 44, calculate Karl Pearsons coefficient

of skewness. [ans: 25, 19, 0.237]

In a distribution the difference of two quartiles is 2.05, their sum is 72.67

and median is 36.18, find the coefficient of skewness.[ans: 0.15]

Consider the following distribution:

Distribution A

Distribution B

Arithmetic mean

100

90

Median

Standard Deviation

90

10

80

10

i.

ii.

[ans: C.V. (A) = 10% and C.V. (B) = 11.11%)

Is the distribution A same as the distribution B regarding the

degree of variation and skewness? [ans: No]

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