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ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
1
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻣﺪﻘﻣ
1 – 3 ﻢﺴﻘﻟا
تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟا ﻦﯿﺑ تﺎﻗﻼﻌﻟاو تﺎﺒﻛﺮﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟا ﻞﺘﻛ تﺎﻗﻼﻌﺑ ﻰﻨﻌُﯾ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا عوﺮﻓ ﻦﻣ عﺮﻓ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا -
ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺞﺗاﻮﻨﻟاو
تﺎﺒﻛﺮﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟا ﻦﯿﺑ ﺔﯿﻠﺘﻜﻟا ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺎﺑ ﺐﯿﻛﺮﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻰﻨﻌُﺗ -
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﯿﻨﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻰﻨﻌُﺗ ﺎﻤﻨﯿﺑ
( ﺞﺗاﻮﻨﻟا ) ﮫﻨﻋ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا داﻮﻤﻟاو ( تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟا ) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻠﺧاﺪﻟا داﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﯿﺑ ﺔﯿﻠﺘﻜﻟا ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟﺎﺑ
، ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا ﻆﻔﺣ نﻮﻧﺎﻗ ﻰﻠﻋو ، ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ تﻻدﺎﻌﻣ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﯿﻨﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﺪﻤﺘﻌﺗ -
ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟاو ﺔﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟا داﻮﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﻨﻟا ﺎﮭﺗﻼﻣﺎﻌﻣ ﺮﮭﻈُﺗ ﺔﻧوزﻮﻣ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ تﻻدﺎﻌﻤﺑ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﯿﻨﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻊﯿﻤﺟ أﺪﺒﺗو
:ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﯿﻨﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻣ
(لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟاو مﻮﻠﻌﻤﻟا) بﻮﻠﻄﻤﻟاو تﺎﯿﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﺣ ﺎﻨھ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﯿﻨﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻣ ﻒﯿﻨﺼﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﯾ
-
،
ًﺎﺠﺗﺎﻧ ﺮﺧﻵاو ًﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻣ ﺎﻤھﺪﺣأ نﻮﻜﯾ ﺎﻤﺑر وأ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا وأ ﺔﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟا داﻮﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟاو ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻞﻛ نﻮﻜﯾ ﺪﻗو
:
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻠﯾ ﺎﻤﻛ ﺔﻧوزﻮﻤﻟا تﻻدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ةذﻮﺧﺄﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﻨﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻤﻟا ﻞﺤﺗو ، ماﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ةدﺎﻋ ﻞﺘﻜﻟا ﻦﻋ ﺮﺒﻌﯾ
. تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺴﯿﻘﻣ لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟاو ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻟا تﺎﯿﻤﻛ : لوﻷا عﻮﻨﻟا
. تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﮭﻨﻋ ًاﺮﺒﻌﻣ لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛو ، تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺴﯿﻘﻣ ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ : ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا عﻮﻨﻟا
. تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛو تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ : ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا عﻮﻨﻟا
. تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛو تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ : ﻊﺑاﺮﻟا عﻮﻨﻟا
: mole ratio ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا
ةﺮﺷﺎﺒﻣ ﺎﮭﯿﻟإ ﻞﺼﻧو تﻻﻮﻣ ﻰﻟإ ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﱢيأ ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﺗدﺎﻣ ﻲﺘﯿﻤﻛ ﻞﯾﻮﺤﺗ ﻞﻣﺎﻌﻣ ﻲھ
.ﺔﻧوزﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ
ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷاو مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟﻷا جﺎﺘﻧﻹ مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟﻷا ﺪﯿﺴﻛﻷ ﻲﺋﺎﺑﺮﮭﻜﻟا ﻞﯿﻠﺤﺘﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ : لﺎﺜﻣ -
"
2Al 2 O 3 (l)
4Al(s)
+ 3O 2 (g)
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:
ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا نﻮﻜﺗ مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟﻷا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ﻦﻣ 13.0 mol ﻦﻣ ﺎﮭﺟﺎﺘﻧا ﻦﻜﻤﯾ ﻲﺘﻟا مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟﻷا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﺐﺴﺣا
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تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺎﮭﺘﯿﻤﻜﺑ ةدﺎﻣ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﻂﺑﺮﯾ ﻞﯾﻮﺤﺗ : ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا
؟ مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟأ 26.0 mol ﻲﻓ مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟﻷا تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺐﺴﺣا -
26.98 g مﻮﯿﻨﻣﻮﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا نﺄﺑ ﺎﻤﻠﻋ
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: ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﻻدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺔﻠﻤﺘﺤﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﻨﻟا ﺐﺴﺣا
"
-1
2KClO
(s)
2KCl(s) + 3O 2 (g)
3
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Al
C 3 (s) + 12H 2 O(l)
"
4Al(OH) 3 (s) + 3CH 4 (g)
4
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2HgO(s)
"
2Hg(l) + O
(g)
2
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2Al(s) + 3H
SO 4 (aq)
"
Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 (aq) + 3H 2 (g)
2
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
2
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
( ﺔ ﻴ ﻟﺎ ﺜ ﻤ ﻟﺍ ) ﺔ ﻴ ﺭ ﻅ ﻨ ﻟﺍ ﺔ ﻴﺌ ﺎ ﻴ ﻤ ﻴ ﻜ ﻟﺍ ﺕ ﺎ ﺒ ﺎﺴ ﺤ ﻟﺍ
2 – 3
ﻡ ﺴ ﻘ ﻟﺍ
ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ لﻮﺼﺤﻠﻟ ﺔﻧوزﻮﻣ ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﺑ ءاﺪﺘﺑﻻا ﺐﺠﯾ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻣ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻟﺄﺴﻣ ﱢيأ ﻞﺤﻟ
-
ءاﺮﺟإ ﻰﻟإ ﺔﺟﺎﺤﻟا نود ﺎﮭﯿﻠﻋ لﻮﺼﺤﻟا ﻦﻜﻤﯾ ﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻰﺼﻗأ نﺎﯿﺒﺗ ﻮھو ًﺎﻤﮭﻣ ًﺎﻓﺪھ ﻞﻈﺗ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا -
( ﻲﻠﻤﻌﻣ ) يﺮﺒﺘﺨﻣ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ
ﺔﻣﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟا مﺪﺨﺘﺴﻧ ﻞﺤﻠﻟو
: تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻤﻟا تﺎﯿﻤﻜﻟا ﻞﯾﻮﺤﺗ
ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
(تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ) ةﺎﻄﻌﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ×
= (تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ) ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ
ةﺎﻄﻌﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
: ﺔﻠﺜﻣأ
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﺎﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا زﺎﻏ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ ، ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةﺪﻤﺳﻷا ﺔﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﻲﻓ ﻊﺳاو قﺎﻄﻧ ﻰﻠﻋ NH ﺎﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا زﺎﻏ مﺪﺨﺘﺴُﯾ -1
؟ ﻦﯿﺟوﺮﺘﯿﻨﻟا زﺎﻏ ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻓو ﻊﻣ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا زﺎﻏ ﻦﻣ 6 mol ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻦﻋ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا
3
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تارﻮﻠﻛ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ ، ﺮﺒﺘﺨﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻸﻟ رﺪﺼﻤﻛ KClO مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا تارﻮﻠﻛ ﻚﻜﻔﺗ مﺪﺨﺘﺴُﯾ -2
؟ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﻦﻣ 15 mol جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا
3
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:
C 2 H 6 +
؟ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻣ نﻮﻜﺘﯾ ﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻛ – ب
ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻧوزﻮﻤﻟا ﺮﯿﻏ ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻠﻟ ًﺎﻘﻓو نﺎﺜﯾﻹا ﻦﻣ 4.50 mol ﻞﻌﺘﺷا اذإ -3
"
O 2
CO 2 +
H 2 O
؟ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋﺎﻣ -أ
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:
ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻠﻟ ًﺎﻘﻓو ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﯾﻮﻜﺘﻟ ﺔﻨﯿﻌﻣ فوﺮﻇ ﻞﻇ ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟاو ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﯾ -4
"
2H 2 (g) +
O 2 (g)
2H 2 O(g)
؟ ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 5.0 mol جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋﺎﻣ -أ
؟ ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﻘﺑﺎﺴﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻜﻟا جﺎﺘﻧﻹ مزﻼﻟا ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋﺎﻣ - ب
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Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
3
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
: ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﻰﻟإ لﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻞﯾﻮﺤﺗ
ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
(تﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ) ةﺎﻄﻌﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ×
× لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا = (تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ) ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ
ةﺎﻄﻌﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
:
ﺔﻠﺜﻣأ
( Mg=24.3 , C=12.01 , O=16.00
"
, H=1.01 ,
) ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﻞﺘﻜﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا
(
2Mg(s) + O
(g)
2MgO(s)
)
: ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -1
2
مﻮﯿﺴﻨﻏﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 2.00 mol
ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ مﻮﯿﺴﻨﻏﺎﻤﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ - أ
مﻮﯿﺴﻨﻏﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 2.00 mol
ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ - ب
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Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
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؟ نﻮﺑﺮﻜﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ﻲﻧﺎﺛ ﻦﻣ 10 mol
6CO 2 (g) + 6H 2 O(l)
مﺪﺨﺘﺴﯾ ﻲﺋﻮﺿ ءﺎﻨﺑ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا زﻮﻛﻮﻠﺠﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ -2
"
C 6 H 12 O 6 (aq) + 6O 2 (g)
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: لﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻰﻟإ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﻞﯾﻮﺤﺗ
ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
1
(تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ) ةﺎﻄﻌﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ×
= (تاﻻﻮﻤﻟﺎﺑ ) ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ
ةﺎﻄﻌﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘ ﻜﻟا
:
ﺔﻠﺜﻣأ
( Hg = 200.59
, C =12.01
, Fe = 55.85
) ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﻞﺘﻜﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا
(
؟ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﻦﻣ 125 g
2HgO(s)
, O = 16.00
"
2Hg(l)+ O
(g)
)
: ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -1
2
ﻰﻠﻋ لﻮﺼﺤﻠﻟ ﺎﮭﺟﺎﺘﺤﻧ ﻲﺘﻟا (II)ﻖﺒﺋﺰﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ - أ
؟ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا اﺬھ ﻲﻓ ﺞﺘﻨﯾ ﻖﺒﺋﺰﻟا ﻦﻣ ًﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻛ – ب
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Fe 2 O 3 (s) + CO(g)
: ﺮﮭﺼﻠﻟ نﺮﻓ ﻲﻓ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا لﻼﺧ ﺪﯾﺪﺤﻟا مﺎﺧ ﻦﻣ ةدﺎﻋ ﺪﯾﺪﺤﻟا ﺞﺘﻨﯾ -2
"
Fe(s) + CO 2 (g)
؟ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ مﺰﻠﯾ CO ﻦﻣ ًﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻜﻓ ، ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ
Fe
O 3
ﻦﻣ 4.00 kg
ﺮﻓﻮﺗ اذإ - أ
2
؟ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻣ نﻮﻜﺘﯾ ًﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻛ – ب
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Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
4
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
:
ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا – ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺣ
ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
لﻮﮭﺠﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا
(تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ) ةﺎﻄﻌﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ×
= (تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ) ﺔﻟﻮﮭﺠﻤﻟا ةدﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ
ةﺎﻄﻌﻣ تﻻﻮﻣ
ﻰﻄﻌﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘ ﻜﻟا
: ﺔﻠﺜﻣأ
ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﻞﺘﻜﻟا ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا
(
N=14.01 , C=12.01 , O=16.00 , H=1.01 , Cu=63.546 , Ag=107.87 )
. نﺎﻨﺳﻷا ﺐﻃ ﻲﻓ ةرﺪﺨﻣ ةدﺎﻤﻛ ًﺎﻧﺎﯿﺣأ (
N
O
زوﺮﺘﯿﻨﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ) ﻚﺤﻀﻤﻟا زﺎﻐﻟا مﺪﺨﺘﺴُﯾ -1
2
(
NH
NO
: ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ ًﺎﻘﻓو مﻮﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا تاﺮﺘﯿﻧ ﻚﻜﻔﺗ ﻦﻣ زﺎﻐﻟا اﺬھ ﺞﺘﻨﯾ
"
(s)
N
O(g)+ 2H
O(l)
)
4
3
2
2
؟
N
O
ﻦﻣ 33.0 g
جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ماﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ
NH
NO 3
ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ
- أ
2
4
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
؟ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا اﺬھ ﻲﻓ ﺞﺘﻨﯾ ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ًﺎﻣاﺮﺟ ﻢﻛ – ب
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، (II)سﺎﺤﻨﻟا تاﺮﺘﯿﻧو ﺔﻀﻔﻟا ﺮﺼﻨﻋ ﺞﺘﻨﯾ ﺔﻀﻔﻟا تاﺮﺘﯿﻧ لﻮﻠﺤﻣ ﻰﻟإ سﺎﺤﻨﻟا ﺮﺼﻨﻋ ﺔﻓﺎﺿإ ﺪﻨﻋ -2
؟
Cu ﻦﻣ 100. g ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﺔﻀﻔﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ
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C
H 6 O 3
ﻚﯿﺘﯿﺳﻷا ﺪﯾرﺪﯿﮭﻧأو C
H
H 8 O 4
ﻦﯾﺮﺒﺳﻷا ﺞﺘﻨﯾ ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا لﻼﺧ -3
4
7
6 O 3
C 7 H 6 O 3 (s) + C 4 H 6 O 3 (l)
ﻚﯿﻠﯿﺴﯿﻟﺎﺴﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻦﻣ C
"
9
C 9 H 8 O 4 (s) + HC 2 H 3 O 2 (l)
؟ ﻚﯿﻠﯿﺴﯿﻟﺎﺴﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻦﻣ 75.0 mol ﻦﻣ ﺎﮭﺟﺎﺘﻧإ ﻦﻜﻤﯾ ﻲﺘﻟا ( kg ) ﻦﯾﺮﺒﺳﻷا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ – أ
3
1.05
g/cm ﻲھ HC
ﺔﻓﺎﺜﻛ ؟ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ نﻮﻜﺘﯾ
HC
ﻚﯿﺘﯿﺳﻷا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻦﻣ ًاﺮﺘﯿﻟ ﻢﻛ - ب
2 H 3 O 2
2 H 3 O 2
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: ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ لدﺎﻌﺗ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﺑ HCl ةﺪﻌﻤﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻊﻣ ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ
"
Mg(OH)
ﺎﯿﺴﯿﻨﻐﻤﻟا ﺐﯿﻠﺣ ﻖﻠﻌﻣ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﯾ
-4
2
Mg(OH) 2 (s) + 2HCl (aq)
Mg(OH)
+
MgCl 2 (aq)
2H 2 O (l)
ﻦﻣ 3.00g ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا MgCl
ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ماﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺐﺴﺣا -أ
2
2
Mg(OH)
ﻦﻣ 3.00g ﻊﻣ مﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا HCl ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ماﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺐﺴﺣا -ب
2
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Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
5
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
1-3 ﻢﺴﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺮﻣ ﺔﻠﺌﺳﺃ
: ﻲﺗﺄﻳ ﺎﻤﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺔﺤﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺟﻹﺍ ﺮﺘﺧﺍ : ﹰﻻﻭﺃ
؟تﺎﺒﻛﺮﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻌﻟا ﻞﺘﻛ تﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﺔﺳارد ﻰﻤﺴﺗ اذﺎﻣ
-1
وردﺎﺟﻮﻓأ أﺪﺒﻣ -د
دودﺮﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯾﻮﺌﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -ج
تﺎﻧﻮﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺖﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا -ب
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻨﯿﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا -أ
؟ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻲﻓ ﺞﺗاﻮﻨﻟاو تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟا ﻦﯿﺑ ﻞﺘﻜﻟا تﺎﻗﻼﻋ ﺔﺳارد ﻰﻤﺴﺗ تذﺎﻣ
-2
يروﺪﻟا نﻮﻧﺎﻘﻟا
ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹا ﺐﯿﺗﺮﺘﻟا -ج
تﺎﻧﻮﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺖﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا - ب
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻨﯿﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا - أ
؟ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﯿﻨﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﮫﺜﺤﺑ ﻦﻜﻤﯾ يﺬﻟا ﺎﻣ
-3
.ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺎﮭﻘﻠﻄﺗ ﻲﺗاا ﺔﻗﺎﻄﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ - ب
.ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷاو ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا ﺎﺘﻠﺘﻛ - أ
.تاﺰﻠﻔﻟا ﻊﻣ ضﺎﻤﺧﻷا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﺗ ﺎﻣﺪﻨﻋ نﻮﻜﺘﺗو ﺮﺴﻜﻨﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﻂﺑاوﺮﻟا عاﻮﻧأ - د
.مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا ﺪﯾرﻮﻠﻛ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻓوﺮﻌﻣ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا ﻞﺘﻛ ـ ج
ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ ﺖﯾﺮﺒﻜﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ﻲﻧﺎﺛ ﺐﻛﺮﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷاو ﺖﯾﺮﺒﻜﻟا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋو ﻞﺘﻛ ﺪﯾﺪﺤﺗ ﺔﺳارد ﻦﻜﻤﯾ -4
.تﺎﻧﻮﻜﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا - د
.ﻲﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا ناﺰﺗﻻا - ج
.ﺔﯿﻛﺮﺤﻟا ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا -ب
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ﺔﻨﯿﺒﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا - أ
؟ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﮫﺘﺳارد ﻦﻜﻤﯾ ﻻ ،ﻲﻠﯾ ﺎﻤﻣ يأ -5
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
مﻮﯿﺴﻟﺎﻜﻟا ﺪﯾرﻮﻠﻓ ﻲﻓ ﺔﯿﻧﻮﯾﻷا ﻂﺑاوﺮﻟا ﺮﺴﻜﻟ ﺔﻗﺎﻄﻟا ﺔﯿﻤﻛ -ب
ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﻦﻣ ﺔﻨﯿﻌﻣ ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻊﻣ مﺎﺗ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ -د
مﻮﯿﻨﻤﻟﻷا ﺪﯾرﻮﻠﻛ ﻲﻓ رﻮﻠﻜﻟاو مﻮﯿﻨﻤﻟﻸﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -أ
زوﺮﻜﺴﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺔﻨﯿﻌﻣ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﻞﻠﺨﺗ ﻦﻋ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا نﻮﺑﺮﻜﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ -ج
ﺪﯾﺪﺤﺗ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺎﻨﻨﻜﻤﯾ -6
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺎﮭﺑ ﻢﺘﯾ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﯿﻟﻵا -د
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ ﻞﻜﻟ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟﻹا ﺐﯿﺗﺮﺘﻟا -ج
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺎﮭﻘﻠﻄﯾ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﻗﺎﻄﻟا -ب
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﺗدﺎﻣ يﻷ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -أ
.ﺞﺗاﻮﻨﻟاو تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﺒﺴﻨﻟا تﻻﻮﻤﻟا داﺪﻋأ -ب
. ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻛﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟا ﺆﻓﺎﻜﺘﻟا تﺎﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟإ دﺪﻋ -د
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ تﻼﻣﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻞﺜﻤﺗ -7
.ﺞﺗاﻮﻨﻟاو تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟا ﻞﻜﻟ ،تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﻞﺘﻜﻟا -أ
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺐﻛرو ﻞﻛ ﻲﻓ تارﺬﻟا دﺪﻋ -ج
ماﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﺐﻠﻄﺘﯾ ﺔﯿﺌﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻤﻟ ﺔﻌﺑرﻷا عاﻮﻧﻷا ﻦﻣ ﻼﻛ نإ -8
ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -د
ﺲﯾﻮﻟ ﺔﯿﻨﺑ -ج
ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟﻻا ﺐﯿﺗﺮﺘﻟا ﻂﻄﺨﻣ -ب
ﻂﺑاوﺮﻟا تﺎﻗﺎﻃ لوﺪﺟ -أ
نأ ﻊﯿﻄﺘﺴﺗ ،ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻤﻟ ﺔﯾﻮﺌﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺖﻓﺮﻋ اذإ -9
.ﻻ مأ ﺎﯿﺳﺎﻜﻌﻧا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا نﺎﻛأ ﻊﻗﻮﺘﺗ -د
ﻂﺑاوﺮﻟا ﺔﻗﺎﻃ -ج
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺔﻋﺮﺳ ﺐﺴﺤﺗ -ب
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺎﮭﻘﻠﻄﯾ ﻲﺘﻟا ﺔﻗﺎﻄﻟا ﻢﯿﻘﺗ
: ماﺪﺨﺘﺳﺎﺑ D ﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ دﺪﺤﺗ نأ ﻊﯿﻄﺘﺴﺗ ،ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻲﻓ D ﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا ﻚﻟﺬﻛو ،ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛو A ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻣ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺖﻓﺮﻋ اذإ -10
.يروﺪﻟا لوﺪﺠﻟا ﻲﻓ D و A ﻲﺘﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ مﺎﻗرأ -ب
.D و A ﻲﺗرذ ﻦﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﻲﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟﻷا ﺐﯿﺗﺮﺘﻟا -د
ﺔﻄﺳاﻮﺑ C تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻌﺑ A تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ نرﺎﻘﯾ ،wA + xB
.ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ﺎﻗﻼﻄﻧا A ﻰﻟإ D ـﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -أ
.ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻛﺮﺘﺸﻤﻟا ﻂﺑاوﺮﻟا ﺔﻗﺎﻃ -ج
"
yC + zD ﻲﺋﺎﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -12
.ﺐﯿﻛﺮﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﯾﻮﺌﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -د
.ﺔﯿﻧوﺮﺘﻜﻟﻻا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -ج
ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا
.ﺔﯿﻠﺘﻜﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا -أ
؟ Zn + H 2 SO 4
"
ZnSO
+ H 2
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻚﯿﺘﯾﺮﺒﻜﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻰﻟإ ﻦﯿﺻرﺎﺨﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا ﺎﻣ -13
4
1:3
2:1
1:1 -ب
6:1
؟ C + 2H
"
CH 4
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ نﺎﺜﯿﻤﻟا ﻰﻟإ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا ﺎﻣ -14
2
4:2
2:1
1:2 -ب
1:1 -أ
؟ N
2 + 3H 2
"
2NH 3
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا ﻰﻟإ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻠﻟ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا ﺎﻣ -15
8:6
2:3
1:2 -ب
1:1
N
2 (g) + 3H 2 (g)
"
2NH 3 (g)
ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟﺎﺑ ،ﺮﺑﺎھ ﺔﻘﯾﺮﻄﺑ ،ﺎﯿﻋﺎﻨﺻ ﺎﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا ﺮﯿﻀﺤﺗ ﻢﺘﯾ -16
؟ ﺎﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا زﺎﻏ ﻰﻟإ ﻞﻣﺎﻛ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا زﺎﻏ ﻦﻣ 9.0 mol ﻞﯾﻮﺤﺘﻟ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ﻦﯿﺟوﺮﺘﯿﻨﻟازﺎﻏ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ
6.0
3.0
2.0 -ب
؟ ﻞﻣﺎﻛ ﻞﻜﺸﺑ
KClO
ﻦﻣ 3.0 mol ﻚﻜﻔﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ ،
2KClO
" 2KCl
+
3O 2
3
3
4.5
3.0
2.5 -ب
1.0 -أ
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ .17
1.0 -أ
: ةﺮﯿﺼﻗ ﺔﺑﺎﺟإ
؟ ﻦﯿﻌﻣ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻣ رﺎﯿﺘﺧﺎﺑ لاﺆﺴﻟا اﺬھ ﻦﻋ ﺐﺟأ ؟ اذﺎﻤﻟو .ﺔﯿﻠﺘﻜﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻠﻟ ﺔﯾوﺎﺴﻣ ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا رﺎﺒﺘﻋا ﻦﻜﻤﯾ ﻞھ
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
: ﻢﺴﻘﻟا ﺔﻌﺟاﺮﻣ ﺔﻠﺌﺳأ
؟ ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا مﻮﮭﻔﺑ ﺪﺼﻘﯾ اذﺎﻣ
-1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
؟ ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻣ ﻲﻓ ﻦﯿﻌﻣ ﻲﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻛ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺟﺮﺨﺘﺴﻤﻟا ﺔﯿﻟﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﺒﺴﻨﻟا مﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗ ﻒﯿﻛ
-2
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
6
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
2-3 ﻢﺴﻘﻟﺍ ﺔﻌﺟﺍﺮﻣ ﺔﻠﺌﺳﺃ
: ﻲﺗﺄﻳ ﺎﻤﻣ ﻞﻜﻟ ﺔﺤﻴﺤﺼﻟﺍ ﺔﺑﺎﺟﻹﺍ ﺮﺘﺧﺍ : ﹰﻻﻭﺃ
؟ CH4 نﺎﺜﯿﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 10 mo l جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
C
+
2H
"
CH
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ
-1
2
4
20
10 -ج
4 -ب
2
؟ ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﻦﻣ 6.0 mo l ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ءﺎﻤﻟا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
3H
+
O
"
2H
O
2
2
2
18
12 -ج
ﺎﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا ﻦﻣ 18 mo l
جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ﻦﯿﺟوﺮﺘﯿﻨﻟا تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ ( N
6.0 -ب
2 + 3H 2
"
2NH 3
36
27
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -2
2.0 -أ
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -3
9.0 -أ
(
AgNO
+ NaCl
2.3 -ب
"
NaNO
+ AgCl
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -4
3
3
؟ AgNO3
ﺔﻀﻔﻟا تاﺮﺘﯿﻧ ﻦﻣ 7 mo l ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ،AgCl ﺔﻀﻔﻟا ﺪﯾرﻮﻠﻛ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ
21
7.0
2.3 -ب
1.0
؟ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا ﻦﻣ 6.00 mo l ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ءﺎﻤﻟا تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
2H
+
O
"
2H
O
2
2
2
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
مﻮﯾدﻮﺼﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛورﺪﯿھ تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ
108
54.0
6.00 -ب
( 2Na + 2H
2 O
"
2NaOH +H 2
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -5
2.00 -أ
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -6
؟
ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 3.0 mol ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا
240
120 -ج
ﺖﯾﺮﺒﻜﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ﺚﻟﺎﺛ تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ ( SO
80 -ب
3 + H 2 O
"
H 2 SO 4
40 -أ
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -7
؟
ﻚﯿﺘﯾﺮﺒﻜﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻦﻣ 4.00 mol جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا
320
240. -ج
160 -ب
80.0 -أ
ﺔﯾرﺬﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا
ﺰﻣﺮﻟا
ﺮﺼﻨﻌﻟا
ﺔﯾرﺬﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻜﻟا
ﺰﻣﺮﻟا
ﺮﺼﻨﻌﻟا
32.07
S
ﺖﯾﺮﺒﻛ
16.
O
ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛأ
12.01
C
نﻮﺑﺮﻛ
79.90
Br
موﺮﺑ
35.45
Cl
رﻮﻠﻛ
39.10
K
مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺑ
14.01
N
ﻦﯿﺟوﺮﺘﯿﻧ
55.85
Fe
ﺪﯾﺪﺣ
1.01
H
ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿھ
207.2
Pb
صﺎﺻر
126.90
I
دﻮﯾ
22.99
Na
مﻮﯾدﻮﺻ
58.93
Co
ﺖﻟﺎﺑﻮﻛ
200.59
Hg
ﻖﺒﺋز
24.31
Mg
مﻮﯿﺴﯿﻨﻌﻣ
19.
F
رﻮﻠﻓ
63.55
Cu
سﺎﺤﻧ
40.08
Ca
مﻮﯿﺴﻟﺎﻛ
؟ ﺪﯾﺪﺤﻟا ﻦﻣ 8.00 ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﺪﯾﺪﺤﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
"
2FeO
2
ﻊﻣ ﻞﻣﺎﻜﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا رﻮﻠﻜﻟا زﺎﻏ تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
1310
712
2Fe + O
575 -ب
2Na + Cl
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -8
71.8 -أ
"
2NaCl
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -9
2
؟ مﻮﯾدﻮﺼﻟا ﻦﻣ 2.00 mol
212.7
141.8
70.9 -ب
35.5
مﻮﯿﺴﯿﻨﻐﻤﻟا تاﺮﺘﯿﻧ تﺎﻣاﺮﺟ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
2HNO
+ Mg(OH)
"
Mg(NO )
+
2H
O
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -10
3
2
3
2
2
؟ HNO3 ،ﻚﯾﺮﺘﯿﻨﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻦﻣ 8.00 mol ﻦﻣ
قاﺮﺘﺣا ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا نﻮﺑﺮﻜﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ ﻲﻧﺎﺛ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
818
593
445 -ب
148
CH
+ 2O
"
CO
+
2H
O
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -11
4
2
2
2
؟ نﺎﺜﯿﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 100. g
25
12.5
10.8
6.23
ﻚﯾرﻮﻠﻛورﺪﯿﮭﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
HCl + NaOH
"
NaCl + H
O
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -12
2
؟
ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 150. g جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا
12.2
8.32
4.16
1.50
(
Pb(NO
3 ) 2 + 2Kl
"
PbI 2 + 2KNO 3
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -13
؟ مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا ﺪﯾدﻮﯾ ﻦﻣ 300. g ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا صﺎﺻﺮﻟا ﺪﯾدﻮﯾ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ
11.0
3.61
1.81
0.904
(
2KCl + Br
" Cl
+ 2KBr
) ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -14
2
2
؟ مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا ﺪﯿﻣوﺮﺑ ﻦﻣ 119 g ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا ﺪﯾرﻮﻠﻛ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ
1.00
0.581
0.236 -ب
0.119
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﺸﻋ يدﺎﺤﻟا ﻒﺼﻠﻟ ءﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ةدﺎﻣ
ﻼﻌﻟا ﻮﺑأ ﻲﻣﺎﺳ
/ أ
(2009/1/--ﻰﻟإ 12/--) ﻦﻣ ةﺪﻤﻟا
7
ﺚﻟﺎﺜﻟا ﻞﺼﻔﻟا
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا تﺎﺑﺎﺴﺤﻟا
ةﺮﯾﺰﺠﻟا يدﺎﻧ ﺔﯿﻤﯾدﺎﻛأ
ﻲﻤﻠﻋ ﺮﺸﻋ ﻲﻧﺎﺜﻟا ﻒﺼﻟا
؟ﺪﯾﺪﺤﻟا ﻦﻣ 500 g ﻦﻣ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﺪﯾﺪﺤﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋﺎﻣ (
3Fe + 4H
2 O
" Fe 3 O 4 + 4H 2
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -15
12
9
3
1
ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷا ﻦﻣ 250 g جﺎﺘﻧﻹ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا مﻮﯿﺳﺎﺗﻮﺒﻟا تارﻮﻠﻛ تﻻﻮﻣ دﺪﻋ ﺎﻣ (
2KClO
5.2
4.9
"2KCl + 3O
4.3 -ب
)
3
2
ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﻲﻓ -16
2.0 -أ
: ﻢﺴﻘﻟا ﺔﻌﺟاﺮﻣ ﺔﻠﺌﺳأ
: ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻧوزﻮﻤﻟا ﺮﯿﻏ ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا زﺎﻐﻟ ﺔﺠﺘﻨﻤﻟا تﻼﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺪﺣأ ﻞﯿﺜﻤﺗ ﻦﻜﻤﯾ
"
-1
Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq)
MgCl 2 (aq) + H 2 (g)
؟
( أ ) ءﺰﺠﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﻞﻛ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ – ب
؟ مﻮﯿﺴﻨﻏﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ 2.5 mol ﻊﻣ ﮫﻠﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا HCl ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ – أ
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:
ﻲﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﺠﯿﺘﻨﻛ ( C
"
H 2
2
CaC 2 (s) + 2H 2 O(l)
) ﻦﯿﻠﯿﺘﯿﺳﻷا زﺎﻏ ﻰﻠﻋ لﻮﺼﺤﻟا ﻢﺘﯾ
C 2 H 2 (g) + Ca(OH) 2 (aq)
-2
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
؟ ﺞﺗﺎﻧ ﻞﻛ ﻦﻣ نﻮﻜﺘﯾ ًﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻛ – ب
؟
H
O
ﻦﻣ جﺎﺘﺤﻧ ًﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻜﻓ ، ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻟا اﺬھ ﻲﻓ CaC
ﻦﻣ 32.0 g
ﻚﻠﮭُﺘﺳا اذإ – أ
2
2
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: ﺔﯿﻟﺎﺘﻟا ﺔﻧوزﻮﻤﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻠﻟ ًﺎﻘﻓو ﻦﯿﺠﺴﻛﻷاو مﻮﯾدﻮﺼﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛورﺪﯿھ ﻦﯾﻮﻜﺘﻟ ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻊﻣ ةﺪﺸﺑ مﻮﯾدﻮﺼﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛأ قﻮﻓ ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﯾ
-3
2 Na 2 O 2 (s)
+
2 H 2 O (l)
"
4 NaOH (aq)
+
O 2 (g)
Na
O
ﻦﻣ 50.0g ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺞﺘﻨﺗ ﻲﺘﻟا O
ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ماﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺐﺴﺣا -1
2
2
2
Na
O 2
ﻊﻣ مﺎﺘﻟا ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﻠﻟ ﺔﻣزﻼﻟا ءﺎﻤﻟا ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ماﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺐﺴﺣا -2
2
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ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻣ
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﺣ AgNO
ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻓاو ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻊﻣ Cu ﻦﻣ 350.g ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ اذإ Ag ﻦﻣ ﻻﻮﻣ ﻢﻛ .1
3
11
. 0 mo l Ag : با ﻮﺠﻟا
؟
Cu(s)
+ 2AgNO (a q)
" 2Ag(s) + Cu(NO )
(a q)
3
3
2
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ﻚﯾرﻮﻠﻛورﺪﯿﮭﻟا ﺾﻤﺣ ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻓاو ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻰﻟإ ﻦﯿﺻرﺎﺨﻟا ﻦﻣ 20.00 mol ﺔﻓﺎﺿإ ﺪﻨﻋ تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺞﺘﻨﯾ يﺬﻟا ﻦﯿﺟورﺪﯿﮭﻟا زﺎﻏ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ
.2
40.4
mol H :باﻮﺠﻟا
؟
Zn(s) + 2HCl
(aq)
" ZnCl (aq) +
H
(g)
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﺣ
2
2
2
2
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ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﺣ NH
ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻓاو ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻊﻣ H
SO 4
ﻦﻣ 30.0 mol ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺘﺑ ﺎﮭﺟﺎﺘﻧإ ﻦﻜﻤﯾ مﻮﯿﻧﻮﻣﻷا تﺎﺘﯾﺮﺒﻛ ﻦﻣ ﺎﻣاﺮﺟ ﻢﻛ
.3
3
2
3960
g (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4
:باﻮﺠﻟا
؟ 2NH 3 (aq) +H 2 SO 4 (a q)
" (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 (a q)
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ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﺣ ءﺎﻤﻟا ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻓاو ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻊﻣ مﻮﯾدﻮﺼﻟا ﺰﻠﻓ ﻦﻣ 20.0 g ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ اذإ ،تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺔﺠﺗﺎﻨﻟا مﻮﯾدﻮﺼﻟا ﺪﯿﺴﻛورﺪﯿھ ﺔﻠﺘﻛ ﺎﻣ
.4
34.8
g NaOH :باﻮﺠﻟا
؟
2Na(s) + 2H
O (I)
" 2NaOH(aq) +
H
(g)
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا
2
2
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ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﺐﺴﺣ رﻮﻠﻜﻟا زﺎﻏ ﻦﻣ ةﺮﻓاو ﺔﯿﻤﻛ ﻊﻣ نﺎﺑوﺮﺒﻟا ﻦﻣ 400.g ﻞﻋﺎﻔﺗ اذإ ،
C
H
Cl
نﺎﺑوﺮﺑورﻮﻠﻜﻟا ﻦﻣ تﺎﻣاﺮﺠﻟﺎﺑ ﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟا ﺎﻣ
.5
3
7
712 g C
H 7 Cl
:باﻮﺠﻟا
C
H 8
+ Cl
"
C
H
Cl + HCl
ﺔﯿﺋﺎﯿﻤﯿﻜﻟا
3
3
2
3
7
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Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela
Al jazira Football Academy - Mr
Samy Abu elela