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The history of Caraga can be traced back to the 15th

century when explorers discovered the existence of Kalagans,
believed to be of Visayan Origin in one of the three districts in
Mindanao. The word Caraga originated from the Visayan word
Kalagan: Kalag meaning soul or people and An meaning land.
The Kalagans have a long history of being brave and fearless.
Thus, the region was called by early chroniclers as the Land of
the Brave and Fierce People.
The Kalagans, called Caragans by the Spaniards
occupied the district composed of the two provinces of Surigao,
northern part of Davao Oriental and Eastern Misamis Oriental.
The two Agusan Provinces were later organized under the
administrative jurisdiction of Surigao and became the
independent Agusan province in 1914. In 1960, Surigao was
divided as Norte and Sur, and in June 1967, Agusan followed
suit. While Butuan then was just a town of Agusan, the logging
boom in 1950s drew business and businessmen to the area. On
August 2, 1950, by virtue of Republic Act 523, the City Charter
of Butuan was approved.

1. What kind of geography did region XIII have?
2. What is the approximate land area of Caraga region?

1. What kind of group of people did region XIII have?
2. What is the approximate population of Caraga region?

1. What are the well-known places, people visited in Caraga region?
2. What are the best tourist activities in Caraga?

1. What are the best known products of region XIII?
2. How did Caraga made it self-improve by means of industrial aspect?

1. What kind of culture did Caraga have?
2. What are the common believes of people in region XIII?



Caraga Region, situated in the northeast section of Mindanao, is

between 8 00' to 10 30' N. latitude and 125 15' to 126 30' E. longitude.
It is bounded on the north by the Bohol Sea; on the south by the
provinces of Davao, Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental of
Region XI; on the west by Bukidnon and Misamis Oriental of Region
X; and on the east by the Philippine Sea and the Pacific Ocean.

2. What is the approximate land area of Caraga region?

The region has a total land area of 18,846.97 km. This
represents 6.3% of the country's total land area and 18.5% of the
island of Mindanao. 47.6% of the total land area of the region belongs
to the province of Agusan del Sur. Of the total land area, 71.22% is
forestland and 28.78% is alienable and disposable land. Major land
uses include forestland comprising 31.36% and 23.98% of
agricultural and open spaces.


1. What

kind of group of people did the Region XIII have?

There are lots of group of people in Caraga region, like
Lumad, Manobo, Ilongo, Cebuano, Waray and many other
groups of people. These groups if people help Caraga to preserve
its culture and believe, throughout its development and


2. What is the approximate population of Caraga region?

Based on the final results of the 2010 census, the total population
of the region was 2,499,367 which was 8.86% higher than the 1995
population of 1,942,687. The annual population growth rate over the last
five years was pegged at a manageable 1.63%, one of the lowest in the
Among the four provinces, Agusan del Sur registered the largest
population at 559,294, and Surigao del Norte was the smallest at
481,416. Surigao del Norte was the fastest growing province with an
annual average growth rate of 1.84% over the last five years, while
Surigao del Sur was the slowest at 1.35% over the same period.
Butuan and Surigao cities were included in the census tabulation in 2007
with total populations of 267,279 and 132,151, respectively. Butuan City
registered an annual growth rate of 1.70% in the last five years, while
Surigao City posted 2.65%.


1. What are the best attractions in Caraga Region?

In each provinces of Caraga have their own tourist attractions, like
for example in Agusan del Sur, Lolong the largest crocodile in the world
found in Agusan marsh, Hundred Island of Surigao del Sur, experience the
cloud 9 at Siargao Island in Surigao del Norte, come and look for the
museum of Agusan del Norte and youll see the Balangay Boat and the

Golden Tara.

2. What are the best tourist activities in Caraga?
Surfing Lying at the edge of the Philippine archipelago, Siargao is reputed as the surfing
capital of the Philippines, and hosts an annual international surfing event. Island-hopping
Hop from island to island while you discover the picturesque landscapes and feast on the rich
marine delights like the fresh blue marlin, crabs, squid, seaweeds, giant clams and lobsters.
Once in Caraga, you can take your pick of which to visit. Mountain-biking Great trails
run all around the Cities of Butuan and Surigao, Surigao del sur, Agusan del Norte and
Siargao. There are regular cross-country and downhill competitions done in these areas which
are participated by local and international bikers. Trekking Mt. Mas-ai and Mt. HilongHilong are the best sites for trekking or mountain climbing. The views from the mountains
are superb, taking in the full scope of the vast lower Agusan Valley. Close to Mt. Mas-ai lies
the picturesque Lake Mainit, which is considered the fourth-largest lake in the country, with a
total land area of 147 km. Through the years, the lake has been a known lair for pidjanga,
tilapia, kasili, banak, haw-an, gingaw, saguyon and igi. Migratory birds, pagosi and tabokali
flowers are its intermittent added attractions. Scuba diving Scuba diving is a new sport in
the region, the coasts of Surigao offer interesting dive site while the islands of Sagisi and
Corregidor are excellent for snorkelling activities. Scuba diving with Surigao Dive Club and
Mabua dive center in Surigao City offers diving lessons, equipment rental and dive safaris.
The Blue Cathedral in Siargao is worth exploring. Spelunking The limestone karst bedrock
of some areas in Surigao and Agusan provinces (particularly in the towns of San Agustin,
Tagbina, Lianga, Rosario, and Bislig) features dozens of caves, but none of these are regular
destinations for recreational cavers. Located within the towns of Tagbina and Bislig, Banbow
and Tatol caves (which are ranked the 6th and 9th longest caves in the Philippines) have
recently been declared by the Japanese cave explorers as the third longest cave in the country.
Further expeditions are expected as more cave systems are discovered. Bird-watching The
Agusan Marsh in Agusan del Sur is the biggest marsh in the country and is host to diverse
species of birds. Events and festivals The events and festivals offer an experience in
color and character, giving a good view of the rich culture that makes up Caraga's heritage.
Whatever time of the year, there will always be an event or festival to experience and enjoy,
like Naliyagan of Agusan del Sur,Kahimunan, Balangay, Kaliguan Festival of Cagwait in
Surigao del Sur, Lisagan and Bonok-Bonok Maradjao Karadjao festivals. Surfers from
around the world converge in Siargao to pit their skills against each other during the annual
international surfing competition.


1. What are the best known products made by Caraga?

The common products of region XIII are usually agricultural, it
is obvious because of its land formation land that is suitable for
farming, while others are making furniture to gain more money for
their families. And helping its community to improve and introduce
itself to other regions.

2. How did Caraga made it self-improve by means of industrial aspect?
Caraga region made itself improve through the efforts and strategies of its
people, they preserve their natural resources especially those who are used in
tourist attractions. Caraga also making some export and investing system to help
its economic improvement, The amount of exports from the region and
investments pouring in the region are concrete indicators of a region's economic
dynamism, progress and development. It also serves as an indirect indicator of
the business climate in the region and a barometer of investor confidence in the
Investments in the region fell by 25.4% from PhP 6.3 billion in 2002 to PhP 4.6
billion in 2003. All provinces in the region posted a negative growth rate in
investments, with Agusan del Sur posting the biggest year-on-year decline of
62.6% for the 2002-2003 period. Agusan del Norte's percentage share on
investments increased from 64.8% to 79.5% despite an 8.5% decline. Per DTI
Caraga's advise, the data on investments are partial at best and is not reflective
of the whole investment level in the region. DTI Caraga's data does not include
public investment figures.


1. What kind of culture did Caraga have?

Caraga has a variety in terms of culture in which they are maintaining it to
be preserve and still present in the next years to pass, through celebrate it
annually in their respective provinces and municipality.

2. What are the common believes of people in region XIII?
People in Caraga had lots of believes, it because of
the influences to them in the past years events in their
place. But there are some well-known believes of Caraga.
Like for example, a new house should be bless through a
certain ritual and by the use of a rooster, another is do not
let your self be alone especially in a place near to a water
source like river and steams, because something will
happen to you and lots of it. But the most important there
is to maintain its culture end will never diminished it.

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