HOLY HATRED: CHRISTIANITY, ANTISEMITISM, AND THE HOLOCAUST by Robert Michael Professor Emeritus of History, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth

Graduate Faculty, Florida Gulf Coast University Visiting Professor, Ringling School of Art & Design
Visiting Professor, University of South Florida, Sarasota

(New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006) [Nominated for a National Jewish Book Award] ©2006 by Robert Michael


Dedication Introduction Acknowledgements

2 1. CHRISTIANITY, ANTISEMITISM, AND THE HOLOCAUST: Jacques Maudaule: "In the last analysis, antisemitism is a religious problem." 2. CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES AND CHURCH FATHERS: St. Gregory: "A sanhedrin of satans, criminals, enemies of God and of all that is decent and beautiful." 3. MEDIEVAL VIOLENCE: St. Louis: "As soon as a layman hears a Jew malign the Christian faith, the Christian should defend it by striking the slandering evildoer with a good sword thrust into the belly as far as the sword will go." 4. THE GERMANIES FROM LUTHER TO HITLER: Dr. Martin Luther: "We are at fault in not slaying the Jews." 5. CHRISTIAN ANTISEMITISM, THE GERMAN PEOPLE, ADOLF HITLER: Adolf Hitler: “In boundless love, as a Christian and a human being, I read through the passage that tells us how the Lord rose at last in His might and seized the scourge to drive out of the Temple the brood of vipers and adders. How terrific was His fight against the Jewish poison. Today, after two thousand years, with deepest emotion I realize more profoundly than ever before the fact that it was for this that He had to shed His blood upon the Cross.” POSTSCRIPT NOTES BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX


EPIGRAPH: "The unexamined life is not worth living." Plato, The Apology 38a. "Help others, be compassionate, and, at the least, do no harm." The Buddha "Do justice, love kindness, and walk humbly with God." Micah 6:8 "If I am not for myself, then who will be for me? If I am only for myself, what am I? If not now, when?" Rabbi Hillel, the Elder "Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself. All the Law and the Prophets


hang on these two commandments." Jesus of Nazareth, Matthew 22 "Without memory there can be no redemption." Ba'al Shem Tov "Courage is a person who keeps on coming on. Slow him down, maybe, but you can't never defeat him." Leander McNelly, Captain, Texas Rangers "Be a human being first, a Christian second."
Nikolai Grundtvig, Danish theologian "The Christians say they love him, but I think they hate him without knowing it. So they take the cross by the other end and make a sword out of it and strike us with it! . . . They take the cross and they turn it around, they turn it around, my God." André Schwarz-Bart, The Last of the Just



This book is dedicated to those people who have blessed my life: my wife Susan; my children Stephanie, Andrew, and Carolyn.