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The On-Road Test

The on-road assessment will take approximately 40 to 50 minutes to


complete. The assessment officer will look at how you behave in different
road and traffic situations.

The on-road test will assess your skill in:


a. accelerating
b. gear changing
c. lanekeeping
d. signalling
e. braking
f. positioning the vehicle on the road
g. judging distance
h. maintaining a suitable speed
i. observing other road users
j. dealing with special road or traffic situations

These skills will be assessed practically in a number of different


locations.

Your assessment officer will give you clear and simple instructions such as:

'At the next street, turn right'

If you are not sure of an instruction you may ask for it to be repeated.

Your driving performance will be marked YES, NO, or N/A (Not Applicable)

• YES if you complete the performance correctly.


• NO if you do not complete the performance correctly.
• N/A if road or traffic conditions interfere with the expected
performance.

You will be assessed throughout your drive using the 1 performance checks'
listed in the following section of the booklet. You must get a YES for at least
80% of the performance checks on your assessment to pass.
The on-road assessment has two parts:
1. location performance checks.
2. kerbside stop.

If you do anything illegal or unsafe the assessment will be


discontinued.

PART 1 - LOCATION PERFORMANCE CHECKS


During the on-road assessment, the assessment officer will check that you do
certain things at places such as intersections. These are called location
performance checks.

Description of Performance Checks

a. Acceleration flat
YES - if you accelerate smoothly from a complete stop without
jerking or stalling the vehicle.
Acceleration incline
YES - if you accelerate smoothly from a complete stop without
jerking, stalling or allowing the vehicle to roll back.
b. Gearchanging up
YES - if you use three appropriate gears without hesitation,
clashing, jerking or causing the motor to labour or over-rev.
Gearchanging down
YES - if you change down to an appropriate gear without hesitation,
clashing, jerking or causing the motor to labour or over-rev before
entering an intersection.
Gearchanging ascending
YES- if you change down to an appropriate gear when ascending
an incline without hesitation, clashing, jerking, causing the motor to
labour or over-rev, allowing the engine to fall below its operating
range or missing the intended gear.
c. Lanekeeping straight
YES - if you keep the vehicle within a marked lane while travelling
at a speed not more than 10 km/h below, and not exceeding the
posted speed limit.
Lanekeeping curve
YES - if you keep the vehicle within a marked lane while travelling
at a speed not more than 10 km/h below the posted speed limit or
advisory speed sign.
Lanekeeping turn
YES - if you complete the turn into the corresponding lane without
touching or crossing a line, road edge or kerb with the rear wheels
of the vehicle.
d. Signalling merge
YES - if you signal for at least 30 metres (at least 3 seconds) before
commencing a merge or lane change, and keep the signal on until
you have completed the merge or lane change manoeuvre.
Signalling turn
YES - if you signal for at least 30 metres (at least 3 seconds) before
commencing a turn, and keep the signal on until you have
completed the turn.
Signalling cancel
YES - if you cancel the signal (within 3 seconds) after completing a
merge, lane change or turn.
e. Brake application
YES - if you apply the brakes smoothly when bringing the vehicle to
a stop.
Brake distance
YES - if you bring the vehicle to a complete stop within two metres
of a stop line at a stop sign. Position single turn lane
YES - if you position the rear of the vehicle within two metres of the
kerb, shoulder, or parked vehicles on a left turn, and two metres
from the centre line or median on a right turn to prevent
lanesharing.
f. Distance judgement
YES - if you accept the first safe gap in approaching traffic when
crossing and/or turning at an intersection.
g. Velocity straight
YES - if you reach and maintain a speed not more than 10 km/h
below the posted speed limit, and do not exceed the posted speed
limit.
Velocity downgrade
YES - if you reach and maintain a speed on a hill not more than 10
km/h below the posted speed limit, and do not exceed the posted
speed limit.
h. Observation following
YES - if you look consecutively in your left and right mirrors for
following traffic.
Observation intersection
YES - if you turn your head in the appropriate direction to look for
other traffic.
Observation lanechange
YES - if you look in the appropriate external mirror before changing
lanes, and do not allow the vehicle to drift when checking the
mirrors.
i. Observation turn
YES - if you turn your head and check the appropriate external
mirror during a turn.
j. Special traffic situation
YES - if you take appropriate action when confronted with
unexpected traffic or road situations.
PART 2 - KERBSIDE STOP
If you are doing your test in a rigid vehicle you will be asked to pull over and
stop next to the kerb.

To pass this test you must:

• check the left mirror and indicate correctly before diverging to the
kerb
• slow down and stop the vehicle smoothly
• position the vehicle without striking the kerb
• position the body of the vehicle parallel to and within 300mm from
the kerb
• activate hazard lights
• cheek the right mirror and indicate correctly before diverging from
the kerb

The on-road test will be discontinued if you do not pass this


assessment.

The Off-Road Skills Assessment


The off-road skills assessment checks that you can:

• control the vehicle while moving in reverse


• reverse the vehicle into a simulated loading bay
• couple the vehicle to a trailer or a semi-trailer

You will be asked to do two manoeuvres during the off-road


assessment:

1. Offset reverse
2. Coupling test (Combination vehicles only)
1. Offset reverse
You are required to manoeuvre the vehicle in reverse and position it within a
simulated loading bay. Your assessment officer will explain what you are
required to do before commencing your assessment.

To pass this test you must:

• reverse and manoeuvre the vehicle without touching or


crossing the 30 metre side boundary line. manoeuvre the
vehicle without touching or crossing the 30 metre line or
making contact with the bollard at the end of the line.
• manoeuvre the vehicle without touching or crossing the 70
metre boundary line.
• position the vehicle in the loading bay area without touching or
crossing the side lines or making contact with any of the
bollards.
• finish within 1 metre of and without contacting the rear
bollards.
• take no more than 3 minutes (rigid vehicles), or 5 minutes
(combination vehicles), to complete the test.

You are permitted one forward movement, and you may get out of the vehicle
as many times as you require during the exercise to check its position.

The offset reverse skills test must be performed using the external mirrors
only. The view through the rear window must be blocked by the headboard or
a suitable curtain or blind.
2. Coupling test
You are required to couple a trailer to a prime mover. Your assessment officer
will explain what you are required to do before commencing your assessment.

To pass this test you must:

• drive forward past the trailer or semi-trailer


• reverse to a point where the coupling can take place
• apply the park brake to secure the prime mover
• connect and test the air lines
• reverse and couple the prime mover
• visually check the coupling
• complete a tug test
• connect the electrical cable and check the lights
• wind the trailer legs completely up and secure the crank handle
• drive forward approximately one metre and sound the horn
• take no more than 5 minutes to complete the test
IMMEDIATE FAILURES

An immediate failure will apply if, at any time during your assessment, you do
anything that is unsafe and/or illegal.

Here are some examples:

• disobeying a stop sign or red traffic light


• failing to giveway
• colliding with a vehicle, pedestrian or fixed object
• performing an illegal manoeuvre
• refusal to attempt any manoeuvre
• repeated failure to follow instructions
• action requiring outside help in order to avoid a collision
• lack of control
• causing a dangerous situation
• mounting a kerb with any wheel
• exceeding the speed limit for more than 10 consecutive seconds
• driving at 10 km/h or more over the speed limit
• driving without reason at more than 10 km/h below the speed limit
for two or more sections

The VicRoads driving assessment is designed to reward good driving and


treat every applicant fairly.

Ensure that you have plenty of driving practice before attempting your licence
test!

Drive well! Drive Safely!