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Cities Development Initiative for Asia

Investing in Asia's urban future

Linking Finance to MRT/BRT Project


Peshawar

Peter Turner, ADB Community of Practice, 23 09 2014

Peshawar

2.8 million population


Poverty 18 catchi abadis
Mix of transporters informal.
Lack of Governance falling standards.
MetroBus politics - Lahore/Pindi
KP Government EOI in early 2013

The urban poor- captive to these conditions

PFS

Commenced in late 2013


50%-60% PT mode share
20 Year Sector Roadmap
5 MRT Corridors
Gender and social needs
Corridor 2
Demand

Daily >400k

Pphpd 20,750
The rail factor

Project - Corridor 2 BRT

26km

32 stations (av 822m)

US$170million

Daily demand ->236k

Pphpd 12,500

The journey to Implementation


Three Phases
A Linking Finance
B PPTA
C Detailed Design & Implementation

Legislation
KPUMA + PBRTC

Institutions
Structure + Capacity

Base Data Surveys


Condition + Demand

Institutional Tools.. bridging the gap


1. KP Urban Mobility Authority
2. Peshawar BRT Company
New Act of Parliament
Company Memorandum of Association
Company Articles of Association

Vision and Mission Statement


Establishment and Responsibilities
Rules for Authority and Company
Branding

Simple ... in concept

But a long journey..

Institutional Tools

Urban
Area
Authority

Policy
Project Packaging
Update Roadmaps
Maintain demand
model
Declared Projects.
Regulatory

Urban Transport Companies


Declared projects

Implementation

Performance based contracts

Management

Maintenance

Reporting

Transport Planning Unit (technical) approved via PC-I in


May 2014 within Transport Department.

Improving urban governance


The challenges.
Capacity

Government has provided minimal regulation post the 1980s


Sector is a reflection of this governance model
History of lack of implementation and non compliance
Theory but lack of practical capacity

Institutional mindset

Top down decisions


Frequent staff relocations
Existing Motor Vehicle Ordinance 1984 the Bible
Legislation /amendments - 677 on website why more ?

Engagement

Silo approach
Poor public engagement skills
Mindset of move aside or suffer
Reactionary rather than proactive

3 prime ingredients for project success

Or failure ! ! ! !

From our side.bridging the gap between current conditions and the
implementation of (say) gold, silver, or bronze standard BRT investment takes..

understanding

appreciation

partnership

and timefor
counterparts to adjust..

patience

The PFS ..context

Introduce concepts ..at an absorbable rate


Understanding the complexities
Able to appreciate changes required

Eyes are opened..mind is focussed


Real appetite is generated.
Reduces financial risk

Then the PPTA can start

Value for $$

Linking Finance..making it a reality

Strategic

Keep the end


game in
mind

Work as an
integrated
team

Tactical

Learn how to
embrace the
challenges
Tools to convert
theory into
practice

Summary of Progress
PFS Completed May 2014
Formal Request for ADB assistance June
IPDF support pledged
Rapid resourcing of UPU June & July
KP Govt funding advanced preparatory study August to Q2 2015
Legislation drafted with the Legal Department
Supporting documentation completed or well advanced
MoA, AoA, Mission Statement,
Organogram, Job Descriptions

Liftoff

Cooperative and focussed mindset


Getting on with the task

Nowstay on course

Cities Development Initiative for Asia


Investing in Asia's urban future

Thank You