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environment philosophy
Dr Synthia anDrewS getS uS up-to-Date with the Mayan CalenDar…
You may have heard that the world is going to end on December 21, 2012. Who decided this and where did the idea come from? The answer lies 2,000 years ago in the jungles of the Yucatan where the culture of the Maya flourished. Living in highly developed communities amongst pyramids and palaces, the Maya were some of the most advanced astronomers of the ancient world. Without telescopes or modern equipment they observed the movement of planets, the Milky Way and other
the sunday indian 46 27 december 2009

heroes science travel



Will 21st December 2012 be a Defining Date in time? are three years all We have or are We falling for another DoomsDay hoax? in the folloWing pages Anu GulmohAr brings you the convictions of the scholars, scientists anD seers…

21st December End of the world?

galaxies, and understood advanced astronomical concepts. They calculated the true length of the year (365.2425 days), the precession of the equinox (25,630 years), and the eccentricity cycle of the earth’s orbit (100,000 years), to name a few of their accomplishments. They were extraordinary mathematicians, architects and timekeepers. According to the Mayan calendar, time is running out. The calendar of the current period ends on December 21, 2012. The debate as to what this means rages. To the Maya, the end of one calendar marks the end of a particular cycle and the beginning of the next. What makes the end of this calendar cycle different is that more than one cycle and more than one calen-

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We Are in thAt trAnSition noW; the old iS beinG deStroyed And replAced With the neW
dar are coming to an end. The Maya maintained a series of calendars tracking different astronomical cycles and on December 21, 2012, several events coincide. First, the 5,126 year Long Count calendar ends, marking the completion of a Great Cycle. Five Great Cycles equals a Grand Cycle of 25,630 years, marking a full progression through the precession of the equinox. A Grand Cycle was known to the Maya as an “Age” or “World.” In 2012, both a Great Cycle and a Grand Cycle come to close marking the end of a Mayan “World.” Hence, the mistaken belief that the world is ending. Second, approximately every 26,000 years the solar system crosses the equatorial plane of the galaxy, aligning us with the centre of the Milky Way. According to John Major Jenkins our solar system is currently crossing the plane of the Milky Way, a process that takes about 36 years. On Dec 21, 2012, as the Great Cycle ends, we will be in alignment with the centre of the galaxy. Third, an amazing alignment occurs in the sky on this date between Mars, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, and Saturn under the constellation of the Winged Horse. One has to wonder how the Maya knew of these events when they created their calendar. While this isn’t true that the world is ending, it is an extremely significant time where the world as we know may change beyond recognition. The end of one Age marks the beginning of a new Age. We are in that transition now; the old is being destroyed and replaced with the new. The Katun prophecy in the Mayan holy book, the Chilam Balam, describes the old leaving through upheavals in social structures and environmental stress. Socially, the Katun predicts economic collapse, loss of faith in governments, starvation, riots and loss of faith in religion. Environmentally, it predicts pestilence, plague, and an increase in the intensity of volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and hurricanes. Not all, however, is cataclysmic. There is light in the predictions of the new world

Will the SupervolcAno WAke up in 2012?


ne of the scariest propositions circulated by end of the world theorists is that USA’s Yellowstone Caldera, often referred to as the Yellowstone Supervolcano, would blow-up in 2012 and plunge the world into a frozen winter that could last for thousands of years. But is there any truth to it? Says Michael Rampino, an Earth Scientist and Professor at NYU, “Yes, Yellowstone has erupted in the past about once every 600,000 years, but we cannot predict when it will erupt again. If Yellowstone were to go off again it would create a regional disaster in North America and a global volcanic winter with loss of crops for several years.” Though we bet the chances are incredibly slim of the Yellowstone choosing to erupt again in 2012.

to come. The Maya believed the centre of the Milky Way is the home of Hunab’ ku, or the creator. It’s said the alignment of the solar system with the Hunab’ku will bring an influx of spiritual energy to the planet. The new Age will be the “Golden Age,” a time of shifting paradigms where science and religion both become more focused on advancing human consciousness. It’s a time when people have better access to innate human spiritual ability and are awaken to self-realisation. It is claimed that there will be transparency in governments and institutions and the advent of leaders we can trust. Not all the researchers agree that the Mayan Long Count calendar ends in 2012, a date that was determined by archaeologists deciphering glyphs on stele and monuments. Some researchers, like Carl Johan Calleman, believe the actual end of the Long Count will happen in October of 2011. The only people who really know are the Mayan day keepers who are still alive today. Today’s Mayan elders are soon to reveal five additional calendars that may shed light on the change underway. The Mayan prophecies are fascinating, but should we believe them? One reason you might want to is the accuracy

of the Maya’s astronomical data. Their calculations of alignments, cycles, and celestial events rival today’s computer calculations. As the Hubble Space Telescope is sending more pictures of galaxies back to earth, NASA is only now able to confirm astronomical observations of the ancient Maya. If they could see this far out into space and this far into the future, couldn’t they be correct in their predictions? However, the main reason people are taking the 2012 predictions seriously is because they are proving extremely accurate. Today’s headlines reveal a world in chaos as the world economy collapses, social structures are stressed and in some places people are fighting for food. Climate change may provide the mechanism for intensifying storms, tsunamis and earthquakes as well as pestilence and plagues. The message of the Mayan calendar may well be to let go of all that is not working in our current paradigm and to create the world we want to live in; one based on truth, justice and peace between all the people.

Dr Synthia anDrewS is the co-author of The Complete idiots Guide to 2012

he Maya inherited their basic calendrical information from an earlier civilisation called the Olmecs who developed the Long Count between the second and first centuries BC. There is only one known inscription that mentions the end date. It is Monument 6 from Tortuguero, and is damaged and broken. At the end of the damaged inscription, three calendars cross-reference one date: “It was 2 days, 9 Uinals, 3 Tuns, 8 Katuns and 3 Baktuns before the 13th Baktun is completed on 4 Ahau 3 Kankin. Then it will happen – darkness, and Bolon-Yokte will descend to the (???)” In the most popular correlation to our calendar, this equates to the 21st December 2012. Baktun 13 (which is also Baktun zero) starts when the calendar reaches in December 2012… (The Book of Chilam Balam of) Tizimin adds a prediction of UFOs, poor harvests and extreme weather, along with a mass near-death experience. However, the Maya were not the only ones to see this coming. There are several other independent sources that also mark 2012 as a conspicuous time. In the 1970s, the Chinese oracle, the I Ching was found by Terence McKenna, (who knew nothing of the Maya calendar at that time), to encode a fractal time wave that terminates late in 2012. In the 1980s, the paqos, who are priests of the Q’ero tribe living in the Andes, peru, announced that their pachakuti formula – the overturning of spacetime – would start in 1990 and last 22 years. Thus 2012 would bring the start of a Golden Age called Taripay pacha, when the upper world, lower world and everyday world will unite. All these other sources knew




the 13-baktun cycle of the long count calenDar of the maya terminates on Winter solstice 2012… so What? another pseuDo-apocalypse? WonDers geoff stray
nothing of the Maya Long Count, so what can it all mean? A clue may lie in human neurochemistry, since Terence McKenna accessed the information about 2012 when using an entheogenic mushroom, and the Maya used the same mushroom, which contains psilocybin – a compound closely related to dimethyltryptamine (DMT). Dr. rick Strassman has recently confirmed that at birth, death, and during mystical experiences, the pineal gland in the centre of the human brain secretes DMT into the blood. perhaps the Maya shamans, and the medicine men and priests of North & South America, were able to activate the secretion of DMT, and access some sort of global mega-mind – the developing consciousness of the Earth mother. The 5,125-year 13-baktun cycle is exactly one eighth of the 41,000-year period of the “variation of obliquity” cycle (change in the angle of axis tilt) that is used to calculate ice-melt cycles. The baktun itself is 400 years long, which is the period of rotation of the Earth’s core, and thus invites the speculation that a geomagnetic reversal is on the cards for 2012. John Major Jenkins has made a strong case that the Maya were tracking the cycle of precession with their Long Count calendar. This is the 26,000-year cycle in which the Earth’s axis, which is 23.5 degrees off “vertical”, rotates in a circle, and is measured by the movement of constellations against the fixed posi-

tions of the rising equinox or solstice Sun. The winter solstice 2012 termination point of the 13-baktun cycle indicates a 36-year time window (1980 to 2016) in which the winter solstice Sun rises on the galactic equator. A russian biochemist called Simon Shnoll has established that human biochemistry (and neurochemistry) is affected by the Earth’s orientation to the stars and by the sunspot cycle, (that is due to reach solar maximum in 2012), and another scientific paper published by James Spotiswoode indicates that psychic ability in humans increases massively when Galactic Centre is rising on the horizon. So this Galactic Alignment process could indicate a timewindow that will see the first examples of an altered humanity – some think that we can expect an increased telepathic ability. If a geomagnetic reversal is involved, or an electro-magnetic pulse wave, there is a possibility that the functioning of electronic devices would be compromised, and pineal magnetite may be affected, causing an internal secretion of DMT. Others think that it could trigger mass out-of-body experiences or the rising of Kundalini – the fire serpent of Hindu lore that lies dormant at the base of the spine. This interpretation is reinforced by the recently published lost Aztec codex, The pyramid of Fire, in which the feathered serpent god, Quetzalcoatl-Kukulcan is revealed to be the same as Kundalini, and is directly connected with 2012… hang onto your hats!

GeOFF Stray is the author of Beyond 2012: Catastrophe or awakening – a Complete Guide to end-oftime Predictions; The Mayan and Other ancient Calendars, and 2012 in your Pocket – a Mini-Guide to the end of the world as you Know it.

the sunday indian 48 27 december 2009

the sunday indian 49 27 december 2009

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