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2013 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings

[P2-57]

Design of Multiple Receiver
R
for Wireless Power Trransfer Using
Metamaterial
Sungjje Lee, Sanghwan Kim, and ChulhunSeo
Department of Electrronic Engineering, Soongsil University, Sanggdo-Dong,
D
Dongjak-Gu,
Seoul, Korea 156-743
sword05@naveer.com, ksh112go@ssu.ac.kr, chulhun@ssu.aac.kr
Abstract — In this paper, we analyze thee characteristics of
Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) between a trransmitter coil and
four receiver coils. There are different results such as efficiencies
when we use one transmitter coil for one recceiver coil and four
receivers. The size of transmitter coil is 300mm
m × 310mm × 5mm.
And size of receiver coil is 50mm × 64mm × 2mm. Operating
frequency is 13.56MHz, distance between trransmitter coil and
receiver coil is 50mm, respectively. We sim
mulate a different
number of receiver coil. There are big chaanges in efficiency,
depending on the distance between a receivver coil and others
receiver coils. Efficiency is decreased as th
he number of the
receiver is increased can be seen. In this casse of a transmitter
coil and single receiver coil, efficiency is 60.6%
%. However, in the
case of the transmitter coil and four receiver coils, the efficiency
is improved about 20% using metamaterial.
Index Terms — Wireless power transfer, mutual
m
inductance,
multiple receiver, resonant, metamaterial.

I. INTRODUCTION
Globally, there is an increase intereest in energy-IT
convergence, which combines technologiess from energy and
IT sectors. Recent developments in wireless communication
and consumer electronic gadgetries havve helped greatly
increase convenience in everyday life. However, these
electronics’ usefulness are fundamentally limited due to these
must plugged in, constantly recharged or replace battery in
order to take full advantages. In other wordds, human life has
already been formed to promote a conveenient lifestyle in
which people have access to variety of conttents on the go, but
portability and mobility are fundamentallly limited due to
access and storage of electrical power sourcce. Therefore, it is
a hot topic if and when wireless power trransfer technology
becomes commercially available because itt has a great ripple
effect throughout economy and will have grreater influence on
people’s daily lives. WPT using magnettic resonance was
proposed by Marin Soljacic’s research grouup in 2007 [1]-[2],
many research has been studied. Theere are numerous
researches underway in the field of auttomotive, medical
devices as well as consumer electronicss such as mobile
phones, MP3 player, and laptop to implemeent wireless power
transfer technology. Especially, numerouus researches are
being actively conducted using magnetic resonance instead of
magnetic induction, which has shorter raange than former.
Research in wireless power transfer about magnetic reO
is increasing
sonance is largely focus in two areas. One

efficiency of a transmitter-recceiver to transfer power over
longer distance [3]-[5]. The other
o
is focuses on increasing
efficiency of multiple receiver coils under fixed distance [6][7]. Both focuses on change inn transmitter and receiver coil.
Moreover, there are many researches to obtain better
performance using metamaterrial [8]. In order to increase
transmission efficiency, Q-faactor of the transmitter and
receiver coil must be increasedd. In this paper, efficiency has
been improved by using metaamaterial in design of multiple
receivers.
R AND RECEIVER
II. TRANSMITTER
Resonance is a physical prooperty when natural frequency
of an object is equal to the frrequency of external force act
upon its object, thus creates osccillation with greater amplitude
than original. When two objjects have same frequencies,
energy is amplified and transferred from one object to the
other. Transmission efficienccy of WPT using magnetic
resonance is affected by the coupling
c
coefficient (coupling
factor) and resonance quality factor
f
(Q-factor) characteristic.
Formulas for coupling coefficcient and quality-factor are as
follows:
(1)
(2)

Operating frequency of thee transmitter coil and receiver
coil of resonator is 13.56MHz.. Copper wound around a core
twice and the placement of each transmitter and receiver coils
are as shown in Figure 1.

(
(a)

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978-1-4799-1472-2/13/$31.00 ©2013 IEEE

The transmitter coil and multiple receeiver (a) position of transmitter coil and multiple receiver (b) simulation result of Scattering parameter and efficiency. efficiencyy of multiple receivers is also decreased. 3. Simulation result shows the efficiency to be approximately 60. but sim III increases the number of receiver coills to four. The transmitter coil and single receiiver (a) position of transmitter coil and single receiver coil (b) simulation s result of Scattering parameter and efficiency. Holding distance beetween transmitter and receiver coil constant. the resonance frequency is changed accordingly. Efficiency is 60% with single receiver coil whereeas efficiency decreases to 20% with four receiver coils. In mulltiple receiver case. The placement of the transmitter and receiver coils is as shown inn Figure 3. MULTIPLE RECEIVE ER Previously simulation in section II is conducted using mulation in section single transmitter and receiver coil. Unlike previous simulation with only single reeceiver coil. Thus operating frequuency is shifted as the location of receiver coils change. Distance between transmitter coil andd receiver coil is 50mm. Figure 4(b) shows the efficiency of each receiver.6%. 2. 1. Figure 4(a) shows the s-parameter of each receiver. (aa) (a) (b) Fig.2013 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference Proceedings (b) Fig. (b) (c) (d) Fig. next simulation with four receiver coils gennerate mutual inductances between transmitter and receiveer coil as well as between receiver coils. ZERO REFRACTION N OF METAMATERIAL Metamaterial are a new class of artificial materials that are composed of engineered structuures. III. Metamaterial structure (a) size of metamaterial (b) top view (c) side view (d) 3D view 1037 . Q-factor is decreased compared with Q-faactor of single receiver. We design ȝ=0. S-parameteer performs worse with four receiver coils than single receiver coil. Equation for coupling coefficient and quality-factor arre as follows: (3) We used zero refraction of metamaterial for improve efficiency. Figure 2 shows the simulatiion result after tuning of split phenomenon with four receiveer coils. changing the loocation of receiver coil in the XY-plane changes mutual innductance. In the last decade. Howevver. unique phenomena such as negative refraction r have been predicted and realized in metamaterrial. IV. Figure 3 shows size of metamaterial structure. It is possible to coontrol magnetic flex by metamaterial. As Qfactor is decreased. so refraction r is 0. but the change in efficiency is minimal.

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