You are on page 1of 13


Evaluate the understanding of Occupational Safety and Health Management System
(OSHMS) concept and its application in the company
Task 1
a) Legal requirement
1. Occupational Safety And Health Act (OSHA) 1994 Act 514
 Section 4 (objective of act)

Secure safety, health and welfare of employee against risk cause by the
activity at work

To protect other people besides employee at workplace from risk cause by
work activity

To promote an occupational environment for employee considering
physiological and psychological needs

 Section 15 (General Duties of Employers)

Maintain and provide safety, health and welfare of the employees at working

Provide and maintain the system at work are safe and without risks to health
as far as practicable

storage and transport.  Section 18 (duty of occupier other than employees)  Section 21 (General Duties of Manufacturers)  Ensure substance is safe and without risks as far as practicable  Carry out testing and examination necessary  Adequate information  Section 24 (General Duties of Employees)  Take reasonable care of safety and health of himself  Co-operate with the employer to obey Act and Regulation  To use PPE or any uniform and clothing provided by employer that are used to prevent risk to his safety and health  To follow instructions  Section 30 (Establishment of Safety and Health committee at place of work)  Established because has more than 40 workers  The employer and committee join hands to improve safety and health at workplace .  Section 16 (Duty to formulate safety and health policy)  Revise safety policy of the company from time to time to make sure the information regarding safety is updated. handling.  Provide training. Ensure safety and absence of risks to health on the use or operation. supervision and enough information and instruction for employees  Provide and maintain adequate facilities for employees to ensure their welfare.

dangerous occurrence. the company will inspect as soon as it safe to do so. Occupational Safety And Health (Safety And Health Committee) Regulations 1996  Regulation 12  Inspect workplace at least once in every 3 months to ensure safety and health of employees. occupational poisoning and occupational disease which has happen or has high possibility to happen at workplace  Section 37 (Industry Code Of Practice)  Any industry code of practice must be approved by Director General (DG)  Section 67 (Duty to Keep Secret)  Any manufacturing and commercial secret that is known by a person cannot be disclose 2.  Further inspections can be made at any time to check whether the measures taken to ensure safety and health of persons at work are effective. dangerous occurrence.  The discussion of the observation will be made as soon as possible to solve any problems that arise.  Regulation 13  When any incidents occur. occupational poisoning and occupational diseases and inquiry)  Has to notify nearest Department of Safety and Health (DOSH) office any accident. Section 32 (Notification of Accident. .

Isolation IV. The report of the finding shall be submitted to the chairman by safety and health officer  Regulation 14  Based on the report action should be taken and recommendation will be made by Safety and Health Officer. Occupational Safety And Health(Use Of Standard Of Exposure Of Chemicals Hazardous To Health) Regulations 2000  Regulation 5 (Identification of Chemical Hazardous to Health)  All chemicals hazardous to health use in the place of work should be identify and record in register. VI. Engineering control V.  The register should be accessible by all workers at the place of work that has possibilities to be exposed to the chemicals. Substitution III.  Regulation 6 (Permissible Exposure Limit)  The exposure of the chemicals should only be allow within permissible limit  Regulation 15 (Control Measures)  The control measure should be made according to hierarchy of control I. Elimination II. Administrative control Personal Protective Equipment . 3.

.  Regulation 29(Warning Signs)  Warning signs should be installed in area that is hazardous to health due to the presence of chemicals hazardous to health. Occupational Poisoning And Occupational Diseases) Regulations  Any incidents should be notify to DOSH office. Regulation 23 (Information. Dangerous Occurrence.  Regulation 30 (Record Keeping) 4.  Regulation 24 (Chemical Safety Data Sheet)  Make sure CSDS is provided by each supplier for each chemical hazardous to health. Instruction and Supervision of person)  Employer should ensure workers handling chemical hazardous to health has enough information and training and under constant supervision. Occupational Safety And Health (Notification Of Accident.

b) No Hazard Identification 1 Location. safe racking AC : signage. injury Falling of object Speeding forklift Injury Poor condition of forklift Fall from height Heavy load Existing control wrapping 5 3 15 4 4 16 Serious injury Schedule 4 maintanance 2 8 Fatality SOP 4 2 8 Injury -SOP -supervision 3 2 6 Fatality.Activity Warehouse. penalties -SOP S: use new forklift AC: Awareness program EC: introduce lifting machine AC: awareness . prohibit from stacking too high PPE: safety shoes. forklift operation 4 5 6 Hazard Warehouse.shelf stacking Warehouse.stacking Stacking goods too high 2 3 Risk Analysis Warehouse. manual handling Effect Fatality. injury -Appropriate PPE Training Risk Control Likelihood severity Risk Purpose control 5 3 15 EC: use suitable. helmet AC: Signage EC: dedicated pathway -convex mirror AC: -improve training -fine.

routine 4 1 4 No futher action needed AC: prohibit workers from using the machine for long period of time AC: encourage worker to take a short break every 1 hour AC: encourage worker to take a short break every 1 hour AC: avoid from placing files too high checks on light units. use of computer Long hour of seating Backpain Provide suitable and comfortable chair 5 1 5 Staring at computer screen too long Eye sore. chronic eye problem 5 1 5 9 Office.program 7 Warehouse Poor lighting Injury -good quality lighting provided throughout the warehouse . 8 Office. Chronic eye problem - 3 15 Falling of object Injury -proper stacking of files 2 8 10 11 Office. photocopying Strong light from photocopy machine Eye sore.replace when necessary -Floodlighting in the external area. filling 5 4 . -close the Temporary cover while blinded.

GPS System 3 15 AC: -review rest day Awareness Program introduce buddy system .12 Logistic delivering Long working hours Fatality -training 5 .ICOP .

c) Documented procedure .

Prepare an exhaust system. Purge hazardous gas/pollutants and ensure sufficient ventilation 6.Task 2 Safety procedure for working in confined space. Conduct training of the SOP for related workers 4. first aiders and emergency equipments 9. Before starting work 1. if applicable for the suction of dust and welding activities 13. Establish an emergency response team. Conduct a measurement test of the oxygen and gas content in the confined space by an Authorised Gas Tester (AGT) 5. Ensure availability of fire prevention equipments within close proximity of the confined space entrance 8. Ensure the suitability of hand and electric tools with the task at hand 14. Ensure the safety of entrance and exit points of the tank . Isolate/close all valves and connections to the tank using the lock out/tag out system 12. Have system of permit to enter and work in confined space 2. Ensure safety of all electric equipments 15. Prepare safe operating procedures 3. Display warning signages and fencing around work area 7.Prepare and provide suitable personal protective equipment for the use of worker and emergency team 11. Appoint a supervisor and assistant to monitor activities and record name and job 10. .

Ensure a good communication system between worker and supervisor 5. and are properly trained in confined space works and record their names During working 1. Report problems. Handover the responsibility of handling the confined space to the respective persons and record the handover details . Direct measurement of the oxygen/gas content in the vessel/confined space 3. Inspect the work area to ensure that all work equipments have been removed (mobile exhaust system. Stop the electricity supply 4. related to the works carried out 6. fire. Ensure sufficient and continuous ventilation 6. lights. fire extinguishers etc) 3. Ensure and record that all workers have exited the confined space 2. Continuously suck out dust that is generated from works 4. The supervisor or assistant continuously monitor the works being done 2. Cancel/destroy the work permit issued by the supervisor on duty 5. air pollution etc) After completion of work 1.16. if any. Immediately take the necessary emergency responses in cases of accidents/emergency situations (explosion. Select workers who are physically and mentally fit.

• Planning for work to be carried out at ground level or in areas where falls or hazards are not present. safety mesh. e. principal employers and their agents should ensure that the following issues are carefully considered during the designing or planning stages. allowing for safe work methods during construction and future maintenance. repair and demolition of any plant or building.Task 3 Safety procedure for working at height When deciding on the appropriate fall protection. etc? • Can future maintenance work be made safer by building in systems. e. and the selection and co-ordination of contractors and work schedules: • Is the contract designed and being carried out in a manner that will reduce hazards to a minimum? • Can safety be improved by `building in' features. maintenance. Planning includes: • Designing building programmes so that walkways.g.g. consider: In what situations is fall protection required? What are the advantages or disadvantages of each type? What is the best. specification for the installation of the fall protection? What degree of training and supervision is required to ensure the correct use? How can the system be safely installed? What maintenance schedules or skills are needed to ensure satisfactory performance? How will the correct work procedures be implemented? CHECKLIST FOR CONTRACTORS To comply with the Act. guardrails. fall arrest anchors? • Does the principal employer have supervisory systems in place to monitor contractor safety performance? • Does the contractor understand the correct sequence of critical operations? • Does the contractor have enough information to carry out the work safely? • Do contractors have the expertise and ability to carry out the work safely? Will the operations of one contractor create a hazard for other contractors? Can fall-arrest Systems for future maintenance be built into the structure? Operational Planning Operational planning involves developing timetables and systems that include safe work practices during the erection. and fixing points are installed as work progresses. guardrails. A co-operative approach between all parties involved is needed. .

• Providing leadership and regular inspections to ensure that safety systems are in place and operating to identify and control hazards. etc. falsework.• Fitting guardrails or brackets to take guardrails and other safety features to formwork and falsework as they are built and before lifting into place. • Emergency procedures . • How tools and equipment should be stored or secured. • Building in safety by using such components as roof safety mesh to provide for the safety of the roofing contractor and future maintenance staff. WHAT EMPLOYEES NEED TO KNOW When fully trained. • Ensuring the structure will take the forces that will be required for the attachment of fall-arrest systems. scaffold ties. • Systems in use to protect employees and others from injury. plant and equipment safely. • Correct ways to use tools. an employee should at least know: • Safe and practical methods of carrying out the work.