11 views

Uploaded by Roxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan

geometry

- 6th Class.pdf
- Soal MID Inggris Kls V
- Geometry
- Geometry Questions and Answers
- Euclidean Space
- Undergraduate Text in Mathematics
- Pages From UBC 1997 - Uniform Building Code 16
- Halsted,1895 Lobachevsky
- T2 EOT Exam P1 G9 - March, 2018.docx
- related rates
- Budiman - 2014 - E – 21 Developing Mathematical Discovery Ability Using Geometry Expression Software
- Grade3_Below70_2015
- FTMUNS_Kinematika_Latihan_Soal_10October2012.pdf
- circumference and area ppt2
- What is Mathematics.pdf
- Kuiz Matematik Menengah Bawah
- Hilbert David - Mathematical Problems
- LaRouche So You Wish to Learn All About Economics
- AutoCAD and the Third Dimension
- Birkhoff 1935

You are on page 1of 45

ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Elliptic Geometry / Riemannian Geometry
Postulate (5”)
Given a point not on a line, there is no line passing through
the point that is not intersecting the given line.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Elliptic Geometry / Riemannian Geometry
Postulate (5”)
Given a point not on a line, there is no line passing through
the point that is not intersecting the given line.
Restatement: Any two lines meet on an ordinary point.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Euclidean Model
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Similarly, since illustrating elliptic geometry in euclidean sense
would make no sense, we should make use of a different model.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Similarly, since illustrating elliptic geometry in euclidean sense
would make no sense, we should make use of a different model.
That is, to differentiate elliptic from euclidean geometry, we
make use of other concepts of points, lines, and so on.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
We let our elliptic space as any points on the surface of a
sphere.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
We let our elliptic space as any points on the surface of a
sphere.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
A point on the surface of the sphere is a point in elliptic
geometry.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
A point outside and inside the sphere is not a point in elliptic
geometry.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
A point outside and inside the sphere is not a point in elliptic
geometry.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
A point outside and inside the sphere is not a point in elliptic
geometry.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A great circle is any circle on the surface of the sphere that
encloses the largest circumference around the sphere.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
A line in elliptic geometry is modeled by any great circle of the
sphere.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Any curve which is not a great circle is not a line in elliptic
geometry.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Remark
-Elliptic lines cut the surface into two equal hemisphere.
-There are infinite lines passing through a point and are
perpendicular to a line
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A point is called a pole of a line if all lines through the given
point is perpendicular to the given line.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A point is called a pole of a line if all lines through the given
point is perpendicular to the given line.
In the figure, A is a pole of
line BF.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A point is called a pole of a line if all lines through the given
point is perpendicular to the given line.
In the figure, A is a pole of
line BF.
Note that the definition of
pole agrees with the definition
of north and south pole with
the equator.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A line is called a polar of a point if any point on the line and
the given point makes a line that is perpendicular to the given
line.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A line is called a polar of a point if any point on the line and
the given point makes a line that is perpendicular to the given
line.
In the figure, BF is a polar of
point A .
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Definition
A line is called a polar of a point if any point on the line and
the given point makes a line that is perpendicular to the given
line.
In the figure, BF is a polar of
point A .
Note that the definition of
poles and polars is a mutual
relationship between elliptic
points and lines.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Remark
Any two elliptic lines meet on exactly 2 points, particularly, on
two poles.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Remark
Any two elliptic lines meet on exactly 2 points, particularly, on
two poles.
Surprisingly, two elliptic lines can enclose a region.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Remark
Any two elliptic lines meet on exactly 2 points, particularly, on
two poles.
Surprisingly, two elliptic lines can enclose a region.
Definition
Any two sided polygon is called a digon or biangle.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Remark
Any two elliptic lines meet on exactly 2 points, particularly, on
two poles.
Surprisingly, two elliptic lines can enclose a region.
Definition
Any two sided polygon is called a digon or biangle.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
We now construct other elliptical polygons.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
We now construct other elliptical polygons.
Any three sided polygon is called a triangle.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
MATHEMATICS 1
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
MATHEMATICS 1
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
MATHEMATICS 1
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Remark
The sum of interior angle of an elliptical triangle is more than
180o .
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Any four sided polygon is called a quadrilateral.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY
ELLIPTIC GEOMETRY
Parallel Postulate
Model
Shapes
Application
Application: NAVIGATION!
One big example of elliptic model is our Earth itself. The
Equator and the Latitudes serve as elliptic lines.
MATHEMATICS 1
NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY

- 6th Class.pdfUploaded byAbdul Rawoof
- Soal MID Inggris Kls VUploaded byRahma Fadhillah
- GeometryUploaded byvarghese.mathew
- Geometry Questions and AnswersUploaded byapi-51316866
- Euclidean SpaceUploaded byBiswajit Mohanty
- Undergraduate Text in MathematicsUploaded byrodrigovime
- Pages From UBC 1997 - Uniform Building Code 16Uploaded bydanieldumapit
- Halsted,1895 LobachevskyUploaded byRenato Douglas
- T2 EOT Exam P1 G9 - March, 2018.docxUploaded byRichardoBrandon
- related ratesUploaded byMackenzie Alcantara
- Budiman - 2014 - E – 21 Developing Mathematical Discovery Ability Using Geometry Expression SoftwareUploaded byTsubasa Amakaze
- Grade3_Below70_2015Uploaded bypham doan
- FTMUNS_Kinematika_Latihan_Soal_10October2012.pdfUploaded byDhean Adha
- circumference and area ppt2Uploaded byapi-327308183
- What is Mathematics.pdfUploaded byRonen M Lorem
- Kuiz Matematik Menengah BawahUploaded byUnnie Erni
- Hilbert David - Mathematical ProblemsUploaded byaregon.lotr
- LaRouche So You Wish to Learn All About EconomicsUploaded byArturo Andrade
- AutoCAD and the Third DimensionUploaded byBaleanu Valentin Nicolae
- Birkhoff 1935Uploaded byFranklin Gálvez
- Mathematical Theory of Elasticity- A. E. H. LOVE, M.a.- CAMBRODGE PRESS 1893 Vol-IIUploaded byamitrawal
- u1test.pdfUploaded byNolan Hekhal
- MATHEMATICIANS.docUploaded byDeepak GH

- agency v2.pptxUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- PartnershipUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- agency v5Uploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- Powerpoint Report Raw MaterialUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- 16. Bayan Et Al. v. ErmitaUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- agency v4Uploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- 10-11 Case MarkUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- Assumption of Duty Part TimeUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- People vs UmaliUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- Ancient Egyptian Cultures and TraditionUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- EspUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- Assumption of DutyUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- SyllabusUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan
- SyllabusUploaded byRoxanne Daphne Ocsan Lapaan