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Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions

Compiled By : OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480 | +91-9718 240 480]

Maths

Exercise 3.1

Question 1:

Find the radian measures corresponding to the following degree measures:

(i) 25° (ii) – 47° 30' (iii) 240° (iv) 520°

Answer

(i) 25°

We know that 180° = π radian

(ii) –47° 30'

–47° 30' =

degree [1° = 60']

degree

Since 180° = π radian

(iii) 240°

We know that 180° = π radian

(iv) 520°

We know that 180° = π radian

Question 2:

Find the degree measures corresponding to the following radian measures

.

Page 1 of 44

By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480]

Class XI

(i)

(ii) – 4 (iii)

Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions

Maths

(iv)

Answer

(i)

We know that π radian = 180°

(ii) – 4

We know that π radian = 180°

(iii)

We know that π radian = 180°

Page 2 of 44

By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480]

Class XI

Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions

Maths

(iv)

We know that π radian = 180°

Question 3:

A wheel makes 360 revolutions in one minute. Through how many radians does it turn in

one second?

Answer

Number of revolutions made by the wheel in 1 minute = 360

∴ Number of revolutions made by the wheel in 1 second =

In one complete revolution, the wheel turns an angle of 2π radian.

Hence, in 6 complete revolutions, it will turn an angle of 6 × 2π radian, i.e.,

12 π radian

Thus, in one second, the wheel turns an angle of 12π radian.

Question 4:

Find the degree measure of the angle subtended at the centre of a circle of radius 100

cm by an arc of length 22 cm

.

Answer

We know that in a circle of radius r unit, if an arc of length l unit subtends an angle θ

radian at the centre, then

Therefore, forr = 100 cm, l = 22 cm, we have

**Thus, the required angle is 12°36′.
**

Page 3 of 44

By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480]

Class XI

Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions

Maths

Question 5:

In a circle of diameter 40 cm, the length of a chord is 20 cm. Find the length of minor

arc of the chord.

Answer

Diameter of the circle = 40 cm

**∴Radius (r) of the circle =
**

Let AB be a chord (length = 20 cm) of the circle.

**In ∆OAB, OA = OB = Radius of circle = 20 cm
**

Also, AB = 20 cm

Thus, ∆OAB is an equilateral triangle.

∴ θ = 60° =

We know that in a circle of radius r unit, if an arc of length l unit subtends an angle θ

radian at the centre, then

.

Thus, the length of the minor arc of the chord is

.

Question 6:

If in two circles, arcs of the same length subtend angles 60° and 75° at the centre, find

the ratio of their radii.

Answer

Page 4 of 44

By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480]

60° = and 75° = We know that in a circle of radius r unit. l = 15 cm Page 5 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Let the radii of the two circles be and Maths . the ratio of the radii is 5:4. Thus. Now. Question 7: Find the angle in radian though which a pendulum swings if its length is 75 cm and the tip describes an arc of length (i) 10 cm (ii) 15 cm (iii) 21 cm Answer We know that in a circle of radius r unit. then . Let an arc of length l subtend an angle of 60° at the centre of the circle of radius r1. then . It is given that r = 75 cm (i) Here. while let an arc of length l subtend an angle of 75° at the centre of the circle of radius r2. l = 10 cm (ii) Here. if an arc of length l unit subtends an angle θ radian at the centre. if an arc of length l unit subtends an angle θ radian at the centre.

l = 21 cm Page 6 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths (iii) Here.

2 Question 1: Find the values of other five trigonometric functions if . Page 7 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Exercise 3. Answer Since x lies in the 3rd quadrant. x lies in third quadrant. the value of sin x will be negative.

the value of cos x will be negative Page 8 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . x lies in second quadrant.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 2: Find the values of other five trigonometric functions if . Answer Since x lies in the 2nd quadrant.

the value of sec x will be negative. Answer Since x lies in the 3rd quadrant. x lies in third quadrant.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 3: Find the values of other five trigonometric functions if . Page 9 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 4: Find the values of other five trigonometric functions if . Page 10 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . Answer Since x lies in the 4th quadrant. the value of sin x will be negative. x lies in fourth quadrant.

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 5: Find the values of other five trigonometric functions if . Answer Page 11 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . x lies in second quadrant.

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Since x lies in the 2nd quadrant. the value of sec x will be negative. ∴sec x = Question 6: Find the value of the trigonometric function sin 765° Answer It is known that the values of sin x repeat after an interval of 2π or 360°. Page 12 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . Question 7: Find the value of the trigonometric function cosec (–1410°) Answer It is known that the values of cosec x repeat after an interval of 2π or 360°.

Question 9: Find the value of the trigonometric function Answer It is known that the values of sin x repeat after an interval of 2π or 360°. Question 10: Find the value of the trigonometric function Answer It is known that the values of cot x repeat after an interval of π or 180°.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 8: Find the value of the trigonometric function Answer It is known that the values of tan x repeat after an interval of π or 180°. Page 13 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

= Question 2: Prove that Page 14 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Exercise 3.H.S.3 Question 1: Answer L.

S = Page 15 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . = Question 4: Prove that Answer L.H.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Answer L.H.S.S.H. = Question 3: Prove that Answer L.

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 5: Find the value of: (i) sin 75° (ii) tan 15° Answer (i) sin 75° = sin (45° + 30°) = sin 45° cos 30° + cos 45° sin 30° [sin (x + y) = sin x cos y + cos x sin y] (ii) tan 15° = tan (45° – 30°) Page 16 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 6: Prove that: Answer Page 17 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 7: Prove that: Answer It is known that L.S. = Question 8: Prove that Answer Page 18 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .H.

S.S. = sin (n + 1)x sin(n + 2)x + cos (n + 1)x cos(n + 2)x Question 11: Prove that Page 19 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Question 9: Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Answer L. = Question 10: Prove that sin (n + 1)x sin (n + 2)x + cos (n + 1)x cos (n + 2)x = cos x Answer L.H.H.

S.H. = Question 12: Prove that sin2 6x – sin2 4x = sin 2x sin 10x Answer It is known that ∴L.S. L.H. = sin26x – sin24x = (sin 6x + sin 4x) (sin 6x – sin 4x) = (2 sin 5x cos x) (2 cos 5x sin x) = (2 sin 5x cos 5x) (2 sin x cos x) = sin 10x sin 2x Page 20 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Answer It is known that .

S.H. Question 13: Prove that cos2 2x – cos2 6x = sin 4x sin 8x Answer It is known that ∴L. = sin 2x + 2 sin 4x + sin 6x = [sin 2x + sin 6x] + 2 sin 4x = 2 sin 4x cos (– 2x) + 2 sin 4x = 2 sin 4x cos 2x + 2 sin 4x = 2 sin 4x (cos 2x + 1) = 2 sin 4x (2 cos2 x – 1 + 1) = 2 sin 4x (2 cos2 x) Page 21 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .H.S.H.S. Question 14: Prove that sin 2x + 2sin 4x + sin 6x = 4cos2 x sin 4x Answer L. = cos2 2x – cos2 6x = (cos 2x + cos 6x) (cos 2x – 6x) = [2 cos 4x cos 2x] [–2 sin 4x (–sin 2x)] = (2 sin 4x cos 4x) (2 sin 2x cos 2x) = sin 8x sin 4x = R.H.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths = R.S.

H.S = cot 4x (sin 5x + sin 3x) = 2 cos 4x cos x R.H.H.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths = 4cos2 x sin 4x = R. cos x L.S.S.S. = cot x (sin 5x – sin 3x) = 2 cos 4x.H.H.S. Question 16: Prove that Answer It is known that Page 22 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . Question 15: Prove that cot 4x (sin 5x + sin 3x) = cot x (sin 5x – sin 3x) Answer L. = R.

H.H. = Question 18: Prove that Page 23 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths L.S = Question 17: Prove that Answer It is known that L.S.

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Answer It is known that L.S. = Question 19: Prove that Answer It is known that L.H. = Page 24 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .H.S.

H. = Question 21: Prove that Answer L.H. = Page 25 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .S.S.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 20: Prove that Answer It is known that L.

Question 23: Prove that Answer It is known that .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 22: Prove that cot x cot 2x – cot 2x cot 3x – cot 3x cot x = 1 Answer L. = cot x cot 2x – cot 2x cot 3x – cot 3x cot x = cot x cot 2x – cot 3x (cot 2x + cot x) = cot x cot 2x – cot (2x + x) (cot 2x + cot x) = cot x cot 2x – (cot 2x cot x – 1) = 1 = R.H. Page 26 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .S.H.S.

H. Page 27 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .H.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths ∴L.S.S.H. = tan 4x = tan 2(2x) Question 24: Prove that cos 4x = 1 – 8sin2 x cos2 x Answer L.S. = cos 4x = cos 2(2x) = 1 – 2 sin2 2x [cos 2A = 1 – 2 sin2 A] = 1 – 2(2 sin x cos x)2 [sin2A = 2sin A cosA] = 1 – 8 sin2x cos2x = R.

= cos 6x = cos 3(2x) = 4 cos3 2x – 3 cos 2x [cos 3A = 4 cos3 A – 3 cos A] = 4 [(2 cos2 x – 1)3 – 3 (2 cos2 x – 1) [cos 2x = 2 cos2 x – 1] = 4 [(2 cos2 x)3 – (1)3 – 3 (2 cos2 x)2 + 3 (2 cos2 x)] – 6cos2 x + 3 = 4 [8cos6x – 1 – 12 cos4x + 6 cos2x] – 6 cos2x + 3 = 32 cos6x – 4 – 48 cos4x + 24 cos2 x – 6 cos2x + 3 = 32 cos6x – 48 cos4x + 18 cos2x – 1 = R.H.S.S.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 25: Prove that: cos 6x = 32 cos6 x – 48 cos4 x + 18 cos2 x – 1 Answer L. Page 28 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .H.

By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . the general solution is Question 2: Find the principal and general solutions of the equation Answer Therefore. Therefore. the principal solutions are x = and .4 Question 1: Find the principal and general solutions of the equation Answer Therefore. the principal solutions are x = and Page 29 of 44 .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Exercise 3.

the general solution is Maths . the principal solutions are x = and . the general solution is Question 4: Find the general solution of cosec x = –2 Answer cosec x = –2 Page 30 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . where n ∈ Z Question 3: Find the principal and general solutions of the equation Answer Therefore. Therefore.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Therefore.

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Therefore. the general solution is Question 5: Find the general solution of the equation Answer Page 31 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . Therefore. the principal solutions are x = Maths .

the general solution is . Page 32 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 6: Find the general solution of the equation Answer Question 7: Find the general solution of the equation Answer Therefore.

Question 9: Find the general solution of the equation Answer Page 33 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 8: Find the general solution of the equation Answer Therefore. the general solution is .

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Therefore. the general solution is Page 34 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

S Question 2: Prove that: (sin 3x + sin x) sin x + (cos 3x – cos x) cos x = 0 Answer L.S.S.H.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths NCERT Miscellaneous Solution Question 1: Prove that: Answer L. = 0 = R.H.H. = (sin 3x + sin x) sin x + (cos 3x – cos x) cos x Page 35 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

Question 3: Prove that: Answer L.S. = Page 36 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths = RH.S. = Question 4: Prove that: Answer L.H.H.S.

= Question 6: Prove that: Answer Page 37 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 5: Prove that: Answer It is known that .S. L.H.

S. Question 7: Prove that: Answer L.S. L.S.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths It is known that .H.H. = Page 38 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .H. = = tan 6x = R.

are all positive. x is in quadrant II. Therefore.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Question 8: . i. x in quadrant II Answer Here. Page 39 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] ..e.

cosx is negative.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths As x is in quadrant II. Page 40 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

x in quadrant III Answer Here.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Thus. Therefore. Question 9: Find for . the respective values of are Maths . By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . and are negative. whereas Page 41 of 44 is positive. x is in quadrant III.

and are all positive. the respective values of are . x in quadrant II Answer Here.Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths Now. . Thus. x is in quadrant II. Question 10: Find for . Page 42 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] . Therefore.

Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Maths [cosx is negative in quadrant II] Page 43 of 44 By OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480] .

the respective values of are Compiled By : OP Gupta [+91-9650 350 480 | +91-9718 240 480] Page 44 of 44 Maths . .Class XI Chapter 3 – Trigonometric Functions Thus.

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