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Aff Case

On balance, the benefits of genetically modified foods outweigh the harms.
Definitions:

Genetically Modified Foods: (GMOs) can be defined as organisms in which the
genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating
and/or natural recombination.

Framework:

The long-term benefits of GMOs should always outweigh short-term costs, because
long-term benefits affect a greater number of people over a longer period of time.
Thus if at the end of the round Pro establishes a long term benefit, and con
demonstrates a short term cost, you should prefer the long-term benefit.

Contention One: GMO’s are the only feasible way to solve the growing population’s food crisis.
A. As humans used technology in the form of skyscrapers to satisfy their housing needs, we
need to turn to technology in the form of GMO’s to satisfy our food needs. Creating
plants that can withstand long periods of drought or high salt content in soil and
groundwater will help people to grow crops in formerly inhospitable places. Food
production uses a significant quantity of arable land and natural resources, and GMOs
hold promise to alleviate this burden on the Earth. The efficiency of land use is a
significant issue: by 2050, the global population is expected to rise above 9 billion, and
the existing amount of arable land is expected to decrease significantly due to
anthropogenic climate change and urbanization (Food and Agriculture Organization of
the United Nations)

An example of such a plant is the Roundup Ready soybean produced by Monsanto.B. GM pesticide-producing crops are engineered to produce Bt toxins. with a 10 percent change to a genetically modified herbicide tolerant crop (Bt crops) yielding a roughly 1.2 million hectares worldwide in 2013 (International Service for the Acquisition of Agribiotech Applications). Use of GMO plants increases yields and decreases the need for pesticide use. the area planted with GM crops has increased over 100 fold from 1. a crystal protein naturally synthesized by the bacterium bacillus thuringiensis. Contention Two: Implementation of GMO crops is actually beneficial for the environment and individual health A. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has found that these toxins do not activate in the human gut. which allows for the spraying of glyphosate on crops to kill weeds. GM crops are the most ready solution to preventing long-term and wide-spread famine due to their efficiency and promise.7 million hectares in 1996 to around 175. . and the EPA has labeled glyphosate with a “low toxicity” rating (EPA). and pose no risk to human health (EPA). Biotechnology firms claim that transgenic crops promise more food with less land. Herbicide-resistant crops are engineered to be resistant to glyphosate. thereby preventing significant ecological damage. GMO crops have been found to increase yields. As the population of the world inevitably rises. The projected population expansion and rise of food consumption per person in China and India makes efficient land use essential to food security in the next 100 years. GM crops have been grown commercially since 1996. an herbicide with relatively low toxicity levels. Since then.7 percent increase in productivity (USDA).

5 million hectares sprayed. claims 7 percent of the world's corn supply each year. when compared to non-Bt variants (University of Nebraska.5 million kg of formulated product”. It is for this and the above reasons that my partner and I offer the affirmative ballot.B. pesticide in the EU/year would decrease by 14. and “there would be a reduction of 7.5 million liters of diesel and result in a reduction of approximately 73. many prominent GMO’s benefit the environment while also posing no real harm to human diet.7 billion dollars in fighting this pest over the past 14 years. Bt crops also decrease pesticide usage. Thank you . Some estimates indicate that if “50% of maize. which would save 20.000 tons of carbon dioxide being released into the atmosphere” (Crop Life International). a widespread crop pest. and cotton grown in the EU were GM varieties. Use of Bt corn has saved US farmers in Iowa and Nebraska alone up to 1. sugar beet. The European corn borer. Department of Entomology). Contrary to many popular yet ill-advised beliefs. rape seed. Along with increasing yields.