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Terminator: The BMPT-2 Tank Support Fighting Vehicle

An article by Russell Phillips

The BMPT ("Tank Support Fighting Vehicle"), sometimes known as the Terminator, is designed to
provide support to tanks, APCs and IFVs. During the urban fighting in Grozny in 1995, the Russian
army found that the limited elevation of the armament fitted to its armoured vehicles led to
difficulty engaging the enemy, and so suffered heavy losses. Self-propelled AA guns such as the
ZSU-23-4 Shilka were used as a stop-gap solution, but the very light armour on these vehicles made
them vulnerable. The BMPT was developed largely as a solution to these problems, although it is
also used in more open environments.

Photograph by Vitaly V. Kuzmin (CC-BY-SA-3.0), via Wikimedia Commons

The original design had a single 30mm cannon with co-axial 30mm grenade launcher, and four antitank guided missiles mounted on the left side of the turret. The BMPT-2 described here was
developed in 2002 and accepted for service in the Russian army in mid 2006. Three have also been
bought by the Republic of Kazakhstan. In urban fighting, two BMPTs will be deployed with each
MBT, while in rural fighting, one BMPT will be deployed with every two MBTs.
The BMPT is usually built on a standard T-72 tank chassis, though a T-90S chassis can be used. It
can be built new, or existing tanks can be converted. Kaktus reactive armour is fitted to the front of
the hull and the forward two-thirds of the side skirts. Grilled shields are fitted to the hull rear to
provide protection against HEAT warheads, as used on infantry anti-tank rockets and anti-tank
guided missiles, and a kevlar interior lining provides protection from spalling. A self-entrenching
blade is fitted to the front of the hull to enable the vehicle to dig itself in to a defensive position.
Fittings are included for KMT-7 or KMT-8 mine-clearing ploughs. Whether a T-72 or T-90S chassis
is used, the same 1,000hp diesel engine as the T-90S is fitted. It has NBC protection and an
automatic fire suppression system.

The Shtora active defence system is fitted to provide additional protection against guided weapons.
Shtora has a laser warning system which, on detecting a laser, automatically turns the turret to face
the direction of the threat. The commander and gunner see threat information on their displays, and
can choose to take countermeasures. Current countermeasure options include firing the 81mm
smoke dischargers mounted on the turret, or activating a pair of electro-optical jammers. The Shtora
system can also be configured to automatically fire the smoke dischargers, without manual
intervention. The smoke grenades block thermal imaging as well as vision and laser guidance
The driver sits at the front of the hull in the centre, and is provided with a hatch that has a periscope
with day and night vision devices. Behind and to either side of the driver sit two gunners, who
operate a pair of AG-30 30mm automatic grenade launchers, mounted above each track. The
gunners are provided with day/night sights with thermal imaging. 81mm smoke grenade dischargers
are fitted to the hull, covering the frontal arc of the vehicle.

Photograph by Vitaly V. Kuzmin (CC-BY-SA-3.0), via Wikimedia Commons

The commander and turret gunner are seated under the low profile, powered turret, the gunner to the
left and the commander to the right. Both commander and gunner are provided with a full set of fire
controls for the turret weapons, as well as day/night sights with thermal imaging and laser range
finders. A digital fire control system is fitted, based on that used in the T-90S. The turret has a pair
of linked 2A42 30mm cannons, and four AT-9 anti-tank missiles, two on each side. The 30mm
cannons have elevation from -5 to +45 degrees, while the ATGM have elevation from -5 to +25
degrees. The sights and 30mm guns are stabilised in both vertical and horizontal planes.
The AG-30 automatic grenade launchers have 300 rounds each. They can fire HE-FRAG and smoke
grenades out to a range of 1,700m. The 30mm cannons can fire HE-FRAG, AP, API-T, APDS and
APFSDS ammunition, and have 450 rounds each. The cannons have an effective range of around
1,500m against light armour, 4km against soft targets and 2.5km against helicopters. The AT-9 can

be fitted with a tandem HEAT warhead for use against armoured vehicles, a thermobaric warhead
for use against buildings and bunkers, or a continuous rod warhead for use against helicopters. It
has a maximum range of around 8,000m, and no reload missiles are carried.

BMPT-2 Specifications
Crew: 5
Speed: 50mph
Range: 300 miles
Weight: 47 tons
Length: 6.95m
Width: 4.75m
Height: 2.1m
Ground Clearance: 0.47m
Fording: 1.4m, 5.5m with preparation
Vertical obstacle: 0.85m
Trench: 2.7m

Two linked 30mm cannon with 900 rounds
Four AT-9 anti-tank guided missiles
Two AG-30 30mm automatic grenade launchers with 600 rounds

Turret front: 200mm
Hull front: 600mm
Sides: 280mm

About Russell Phillips

Born and brought up in a mining village in South Yorkshire, Russell
Phillips has lived and worked in South Yorkshire, Lincolnshire,
Cumbria and Staffordshire. He writes books and articles about military
technology and history. His articles have been published in Miniature
Wargames, Wargames Illustrated, and the Society of Twentieth Century
Wargamers' Journal. Russell has been interviewed for the American
edition of The Voice of Russia. He currently lives in Stoke-on-Trent
with his wife and two children.

Books by Russell Phillips

Red Steel: Soviet Tanks and Combat Vehicles of the Cold War
This We'll Defend: The Weapons and Equipment of the U.S. Army
A Damn Close-Run Thing: A Brief History of the Falklands Conflict
The Bear Marches West: 12 Scenarios for 1980s NATO vs Warsaw Pact Wargames
A Fleet in Being: Austro-Hungarian Warships of WWI

Find Russell Phillips Online

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This work by Russell Phillips is licensed under a Creative Commons
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