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Data Display and

Analysis

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Main Ideas
Different types of data displays are
appropriate for different situations.
The choice reflects the purpose.
Displays of data can be analyzed to
look for patterns, make predictions,
make comparisons, draw inferences,
and make decisions.

Organization
Sequence of using data
Tally Charts & Concrete graphs made from real objects

Recording numerals in frequency tables or charts

Graphs made with pictures of


real objects (picture graphs) to symbols (pictographs)

Abstract graphs:
bar graphs, broken-line graphs, stem-and-leaf plots

Tally Charts

Tally charts
eventually become
replaced with
frequency tables.

Concrete Graphs
People Graph

- Important to use a grid


and/or have objects the same.

Picture! Graph
!

Glyphs
!

Error: Not all


symbols are the same

Double Bar Graph

Ohsweken, Ontario

Scatter Plots
Are designed to show
trends and to indicate
whether there is a
relationship between two
variables.

Independent: variable that changes independently


Dependent: Variable that is affected by or depends
on this change

When Do I use each type of graph?


Type of Graph

Type of Data Used

Pictograph and Bar


Graphs

Quick, visually comparing frequencies in different


categories.

Histograms

When data is continuous (no gaps in the intervals). Often


used to show measurement data.

Stem-and-Leaf Plots

When numerical data is best organized by place value.


Useful for determining range, mode, and median.

Broken-Line Graphs

Displays a trend or relationship. Shows how something


changes, usually over time.

Scatter Plots

Used to look for trends and determine if there is a


relationship between two variables.

Circle Graphs

Shows how a whole set of data can be subdivided into


categories.

Box Plots

Used to show how data vary. Easy to see where most


data lie.

Common Errors &


Misconceptions
Aligning Categories and symbols/pictures/objects (spacing)
Using different symbols that are not the same size
Irregular Scales (data values not correct)
Omitting repeated values and incorrect order of values in stem-andleaf plots
Omitting categories when there is no data for it
Axes is in reverse order
Number the wrong axis (upper grades: independent variable goes on
the horizontal axis)
Not including 0 on Axes
In circle graphs, the percent does not add to 100%

Manipulatives
Graphing mats
linking: cubes, paperclips, tiles,
paper, clothes pins, etc.
Graph paper with various size
grids
Fraction circles
Stickers, photos, magazines,
stencils, stamps, etc.
Recycables
Household items
Technology: I-pads, computers

Task #5

Technology
!

http://www.explorelearning.com
Go to the explore learning
website and login. Search
for Graphing Skills and
the gizmo will pop up. Use
the print out to guide you
through the gizmo
answering questions.

Have fun exploring


the world of DATA!

Websites and Tools


Spreadsheets
Draw programs
(paint)
Numbers program
www.makingmathme
aningful.nelson.com

Assessment
Assess students ability to read a graph, draw
inferences or conclusions, and creation all
separately.
This will allow you to see areas of strength
and areas in need of more support.
Leave room for exploration not always telling
what graph to use but encourage students
through questioning and investigating to
choose graphs based on their own reasoning.

Sources used in
presentations
A much needed Thank you to these
educators who share their knowledge
Marion Small: Making Math Meaningful to Canadian Students

Amy Alvis: http://www.amyalvis.blogspot.com


!