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Data Display and


Follow my


Main Ideas
Different types of data displays are
appropriate for different situations.
The choice reflects the purpose.
Displays of data can be analyzed to
look for patterns, make predictions,
make comparisons, draw inferences,
and make decisions.

Sequence of using data
Tally Charts & Concrete graphs made from real objects

Recording numerals in frequency tables or charts

Graphs made with pictures of

real objects (picture graphs) to symbols (pictographs)

Abstract graphs:
bar graphs, broken-line graphs, stem-and-leaf plots

Tally Charts

Tally charts
eventually become
replaced with
frequency tables.

Concrete Graphs
People Graph

- Important to use a grid

and/or have objects the same.

Picture! Graph


Error: Not all

symbols are the same

Double Bar Graph

Ohsweken, Ontario

Scatter Plots
Are designed to show
trends and to indicate
whether there is a
relationship between two

Independent: variable that changes independently

Dependent: Variable that is affected by or depends
on this change

When Do I use each type of graph?

Type of Graph

Type of Data Used

Pictograph and Bar


Quick, visually comparing frequencies in different



When data is continuous (no gaps in the intervals). Often

used to show measurement data.

Stem-and-Leaf Plots

When numerical data is best organized by place value.

Useful for determining range, mode, and median.

Broken-Line Graphs

Displays a trend or relationship. Shows how something

changes, usually over time.

Scatter Plots

Used to look for trends and determine if there is a

relationship between two variables.

Circle Graphs

Shows how a whole set of data can be subdivided into


Box Plots

Used to show how data vary. Easy to see where most

data lie.

Common Errors &

Aligning Categories and symbols/pictures/objects (spacing)
Using different symbols that are not the same size
Irregular Scales (data values not correct)
Omitting repeated values and incorrect order of values in stem-andleaf plots
Omitting categories when there is no data for it
Axes is in reverse order
Number the wrong axis (upper grades: independent variable goes on
the horizontal axis)
Not including 0 on Axes
In circle graphs, the percent does not add to 100%

Graphing mats
linking: cubes, paperclips, tiles,
paper, clothes pins, etc.
Graph paper with various size
Fraction circles
Stickers, photos, magazines,
stencils, stamps, etc.
Household items
Technology: I-pads, computers

Task #5

Go to the explore learning
website and login. Search
for Graphing Skills and
the gizmo will pop up. Use
the print out to guide you
through the gizmo
answering questions.

Have fun exploring

the world of DATA!

Websites and Tools

Draw programs
Numbers program

Assess students ability to read a graph, draw
inferences or conclusions, and creation all
This will allow you to see areas of strength
and areas in need of more support.
Leave room for exploration not always telling
what graph to use but encourage students
through questioning and investigating to
choose graphs based on their own reasoning.

Sources used in
A much needed Thank you to these
educators who share their knowledge
Marion Small: Making Math Meaningful to Canadian Students

Amy Alvis: