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# Data Display and

Analysis

blog

mathmumblesandmore
@blogger.ca

Main Ideas
Different types of data displays are
appropriate for different situations.
The choice reflects the purpose.
Displays of data can be analyzed to
look for patterns, make predictions,
make comparisons, draw inferences,
and make decisions.

Organization
Sequence of using data
Tally Charts & Concrete graphs made from real objects

## Graphs made with pictures of

real objects (picture graphs) to symbols (pictographs)

Abstract graphs:
bar graphs, broken-line graphs, stem-and-leaf plots

Tally Charts

Tally charts
eventually become
replaced with
frequency tables.

Concrete Graphs
People Graph

## - Important to use a grid

and/or have objects the same.

Picture! Graph
!

Glyphs
!

## Error: Not all

symbols are the same

## Double Bar Graph

Ohsweken, Ontario

Scatter Plots
Are designed to show
trends and to indicate
whether there is a
relationship between two
variables.

## Independent: variable that changes independently

Dependent: Variable that is affected by or depends
on this change

Type of Graph

Graphs

categories.

Histograms

## When data is continuous (no gaps in the intervals). Often

used to show measurement data.

Stem-and-Leaf Plots

## When numerical data is best organized by place value.

Useful for determining range, mode, and median.

Broken-Line Graphs

## Displays a trend or relationship. Shows how something

changes, usually over time.

Scatter Plots

## Used to look for trends and determine if there is a

relationship between two variables.

Circle Graphs

categories.

Box Plots

data lie.

## Common Errors &

Misconceptions
Aligning Categories and symbols/pictures/objects (spacing)
Using different symbols that are not the same size
Irregular Scales (data values not correct)
Omitting repeated values and incorrect order of values in stem-andleaf plots
Omitting categories when there is no data for it
Axes is in reverse order
Number the wrong axis (upper grades: independent variable goes on
the horizontal axis)
Not including 0 on Axes
In circle graphs, the percent does not add to 100%

Manipulatives
Graphing mats
paper, clothes pins, etc.
Graph paper with various size
grids
Fraction circles
Stickers, photos, magazines,
stencils, stamps, etc.
Recycables
Household items

Technology
!

http://www.explorelearning.com
Go to the explore learning
for Graphing Skills and
the gizmo will pop up. Use
the print out to guide you
through the gizmo

## Have fun exploring

the world of DATA!

## Websites and Tools

Draw programs
(paint)
Numbers program
www.makingmathme
aningful.nelson.com

Assessment
Assess students ability to read a graph, draw
inferences or conclusions, and creation all
separately.
This will allow you to see areas of strength
and areas in need of more support.
Leave room for exploration not always telling
what graph to use but encourage students
through questioning and investigating to
choose graphs based on their own reasoning.

Sources used in
presentations
A much needed Thank you to these
educators who share their knowledge
Marion Small: Making Math Meaningful to Canadian Students

!