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GSM Based Cell Phone Controlled Remote

Switching Circuit
AIM OF THE PROJECT:Now you can control any electrical gadget from any part of the world through
your cell phone, that too without spending a penny for the individual
commands. Whether its you vehicle, your basement door, your mansion gate
or simply the air conditioner of your house, everything can now be switched
by just a flick of your cell phone button. And mind you, its completely fool
proof, meaning no false triggering is possible through any other cell phone
signals, it works only through the owners cell phone commands .

The unit discussed here is a universal


device and can be used for operating all
types of electrical gadgets from any part
of the globe, just by making a single blank
call to the systems number.
The system will faithfully respond to
every call made from your cell phone and
will alternately switch the connected load
ON and OFF as per your instructions.

What can operate by this circuit:-

The explained circuit must be employed strictly for operating only the
following specified equipment:
All domestic electrical appliances like, lights, fans, motors, TV sets,
refrigerators, Air conditioners, washing machine, porch lights, garage door,
house gate, basement gate or entrance, car ignition, car doors, water heater
etc.

Basic Concept
Basically the unit employs a very fundamental principle of converting the
ringtone of a cell phone into a command output for operating a relay.

This cell phone acts as a modem and is permanently attached with the internal
control circuit of the unit. The modem cell phone is initially made ready by
putting a SIM card inside it and by configuring the essential assigned numbers
into its phone directory.

These assigned numbers are the only numbers to which this modem
responds. Therefore you would want to assign only those numbers through
which you may like to make a call to the system.
For safety reasons more than one number is assigned to the modem so that in
case one of your cell phones is out of order or has low battery, you always
have the option of using the other cell phone for triggering the system.

The idea here is to use an ordinary NOKIA 1280 cell phone as the modem
attached permanently with a switching circuit.

This entire unit now becomes the receiver unit. The modem cell phone
NOKIA1280 is assigned with desired numbers, for example the owners cell
number and a few other numbers of the owners family members.
When the modem cell phone is called through these assigned numbers, the
modem ring tone becomes active and this ring tone is applied to the control
circuit and is processed for operating a relay and the connected load.
Since the modem cell phone needs to be attached permanently inside the
switching unit, it needs to be charged at regular intervals so that it remains
functional all the time.
For this, a separate cell phone charger module has also been incorporated
along with the main circuit which keeps the modem cell phone battery always
up to date and fully charged.
It is quite obvious that the attached cell phone modem will need a SIM card,
which will need to be maintained as we do for normal cell phone operations.

Let's learn the building process.


You will have first get or procure the following materials or parts for making
this unit. it would better to first test the working over a general board and if
thing goes then you would want to transfer it over a well designed P-C-B.
Bill of Materials
All resistors are 1/4w 5% CFR
R1 = 22k
R2 = 220 OHMS
R3,R13,R14 = 100K
R4,R6,R7 = 4.7K
R5 = 1K
R8=100 Ohms
R9=220K
R10,R11=1.2k
R12 = 1K
C1,C6 = 0.22uF DISC TYPE
C2,C3,C4 = 100uF/25V
C5=0.1 uF
T1,T2,T4 = BC 547B
T3 = BC557
T5=BC558
T6=BC548
ALL DIODES = 1N4007
IC1 = CD4017
IC2=7805
RL1, RL2 = RELAY 12V/300 OHMS SPDT
JACK = 3.5mm AUDIO JACK
CELL PHONE MODEM = NOKIA 1280 or cheap NOKIA phone

Understanding the Schematic Diagram

The above diagram is rather very easy to understand. It may be divided into
two main stages, the lower stage consisting of the transistors is a simple audio
amplifier,
the upper stage consisting of IC is the flip flop triggering stage.
When a signal is present at the 3.5mm jack, which might be the input ringtone from the cell phone modem., T1, T2 amplifier to some greater level,
which is further amplifier by T3, T4 to a level is becomes sufficient for
triggering the relay RL1.
RL1 instantly connects the supply to the input of the flip flop at C6, via its N/O
contacts.
Note that RL1 will remain switched ON as long as the ring tone is present and
will switch OFF the moment the ring tone or the signal over the 3.5mm jack is
canceled.
C3 makes sure that the relay does not get rattled by any insignificant signals
or RFs.
L1 has been installed also for the same reason, that is for eliminating
unwanted signals and making sure that T3, T4responds only to valid ringtones.
L1 is a buzzer coil, as used in piezo electric buzzers, or may be hand made by
winding 500 turns of 36SWG super enameled wire over a small ferrite core,
size and shape does not matter.
The period for which RL1 remains switched ON will have no consequence on
the flip flop operation, the flip flop will switch ON and OFF in response to
every subsequent missed call made from the owners cell phone.
The section comprising the IC 7805 is battery charger section, which needs to
be connected to the battery charger input of the cell phone. The charger will
keep the cell phone battery always charged so that it remains functional all
the time.
The above circuit has been thoroughly tested and confirmed by me, so if you
make everything as shown in the above diagram, it should start working
immediately.

How to Assign Numbers Inside the MODEM CELL

PHONE

It's very easy. Just follow the following steps.


Save the names and the numbers which are important and through which you
want the above unit to be operated.
Next select a particular name-->--press scroll right-->--"contact details" will
be displayed-->-- press options-->--scroll down-->-- select "assign tone"-->-select a ring tone which has a sustained, non-breaking tune-->-- do OK.
Repeat this for all the desired numbers.
Now go to settings, go to tone settings and select "empty", press OK. That
means now you have switched OFF the default ringtone and no ringtone will
be audible for any numbers other than the above assigned ones. So you can be
rest assured that the system will not respond to wrong numbers or any
unknown numbers. It will respond to only the calls made from the assigned
numbers.

How to Power the Unit


The circuit needs to be powered through a DC12V/500mA or 1 Amp SMPS
adapter. The load may be any electrical appliance like lights, fans, AC, fridge or
anything that you may like to switch using this system.

Advantages


The biggest advantage of the design is that, any cheap NOKIA cell
phone can be used here as the modem and therefore theres no fear of
the modem becoming obsolete.
Can control any place in the world
keep the cell phone battery always charged so that it remains functional
all the time.

And mind you, its completely fool proof, meaning no false triggering is
possible through any other cell phone signals, it works only through the
owners cell phone commands .
With connecting relay panel we can operate few items in one time

We can also use any flip flop Ic in 74series


Easy to Construct

PROBLEM ENCOUNTERED

At first time I connected the head phone jack to the audio receiver through an
electrolytic capacitor. At that time the signal didnt flow to the IC and I couldnt
see a faith full result of flip flop circuit. Then I use ceramic capacitors and checked
the circuit. At that time I could see a good of the circuit of flip flop side.
L1makes sure that the relay does not get rattled by any insignificant signals or
RFs. I found the correct turns for the L1 coil. At first time I used 100 turns of
36SWG super enameled wire over a small ferrite core But the relay get rattled
.and its better use 500 turns of 36SWG coil.
I used 3 types of Nokia cheap mobile phones for check my circuit.so that I
found some times we have to change the turns of L1 coil and C6 capacitor, for
each phones that I used.
with out assign numbers any one can operate this circuit.so we make sure that
use the assign number.
Finaly I fixed the circuit with 74LS132 TTL Ic instead of CD4017.as a flip flop
circuit .but it difficult to control .because of TTl ICs are very sensitive .It need
very constant 5v supply and some times problem with coupling capacitors.