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## A Fast Space-Vector Modulation Algorithm for

Multilevel Three-Phase Converters
ABSTRACT:
This paper introduces a general space-vector modulation algorithm for -level three-phase
converters. The algorithm is computationally extremely efficient and is independent of the
number of converter levels. At the same time, it provides good insight into the operation of
multilevel converters.

KEYWORDS:
1. Digital control
2. Pulse width modulation
3. Space vectors

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BLOCK DIAGRAM:

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EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig.3.Normalized line-to-line PWM voltage waveforms for three, four and five-level converters.

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CONCLUSION:
This paper has presented a fast new SVM algorithm for multilevel three-phase converters. The
algorithm is general and applicable to converters with any number of levels. In addition, the
number of steps required to select the nearest three vectors and compute their duty cycles
remains the same regardless of the number of converter levels or the location of the reference
vector. In addition, the computational efficiency of this algorithm makes it a useful simulation
tool for further study of the properties of multilevel converters.

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Apr. 1997.
[3] J.-S. Lai and F. Z. Peng, Multilevel convertersA new breed of power converters, IEEE
Trans. Ind. Applicat., vol. 32, pp. 509517, May/June 1996.
[4] P. M. Bhagwat and V. R. Stefanovic, Generalized structure of a multilevel PWM inverter,
IEEE Trans. Ind. Applicat., vol. IA-19, pp. 10571069, Nov./Dec. 1983.
[5] G. Sinha and T. A. Lipo, A four level rectifier-inverter system for drive applications, IEEE
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