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PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

SKEMA BIOLOGI KERTAS 3


Question Criteria
1 (a)
Able to record all the data for volume of the urine collected and
average of urine produce correctly.

Score

Sample answers
3

(b) (i)

Type of
Amount of Filtrate needed to decolorize
Vegetables
DCPIP solution (ml)
Cauliflower
4.2
Broccoli
2.5
Lime
3.6
Ascorbic
1.0
Acid
Able to record 3 data correctly
Able to record 2 data correctly
Able to record only 1 data / wrong response
Able to state two different observation correctly base on the
criteria:
C1 Type of vegetables
C2 Amount of Filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP solution
(ml)

2
1
0
3

Sample answers
1. The amount of Cauliflower/ Broccoli/ Lime/ Ascorbic Acid
filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP solution is 4.2 ml/ 2.5 ml/
3.6ml/ 1.0ml
2. The amount of Cauliflower filtrate needed to decolorize
DCPIP solution is higher than the amount of Broccoli filtrate.
Able to state one correct observation and one inaccurate
observation.

Sample answer (inaccurate)


1. The amount of cauliflower filtrate needed to decolorize
DCPIP solution the highest
Able to state only one correct observation or two observations at
idea level.

Sample answer (idea)


1. The amount of vegetables filtrate needed to decolorize
DCPIP solution is different
No response or incorrectBIOLOGY
response
or inaccurate
or SBP 0 1
4551
MODUL observation
PERFECT SCORE
one idea only.

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

Question
Criteria
(b) (ii)
Able to make two accurate inferences base on two criteria:
C1 amount of vegetable filtrate
C2 content of vitamin C

2014

Score
3

Sample answer
1. Amount of vegetable filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP
solution is high, the content of vitamin C in the vegetables
filtrate is low.
2. Amount of vegetable filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP
solution is low, the content of vitamin C in the vegetables
filtrate is high.
Able to make one correct inference and one inaccurate
inference or able to state two inaccurate inferences.

Sample answer (inaccurate)


1. More / high / much (amount) of vegetable filtrate.
2. Low/ high content of Vitamin C
Able to sate one correct inference or two inferences at idea
level.
Sample answer (idea level)
1. The content of vitamin C is different
No response or inaccurate response

Summary of scoring for 1(b)(i) and 1(b)(ii)


Score
Correct
Inaccurate
Idea
Wrong
3
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
0
1
1

BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

Question
Criteria
(c)
Able to state all variables and methods to handle each variable
correctly.
Sample answer

2014

Score

Variable
Method
Manipulated variable:
Use different type of filtrate
Types of Filtrate
Responding variable:
Measure and record the
Volume of filtrate needed
volume of vegetable filtrate
to decolorize DCPIP
needed to decolorize
solution
DCPIP solution using
syringe
Calculate and record the
percentage of Vitamin C
using the formula :
Amount of Ascorbic Acid
needed to decolorize
DCPIP solution(ml)

x 0.1%

Amount of Filtrate needed to


decolorize DCPIP solution(ml)

Initial volume of filtrate/


volume of DCPIP solution

Fix the initial volume of filtrate


which is 5ml / volume of
DCPIP solution which is 1ml

Able to state 4 5 ticks


Able to state 2 3 ticks
No response or incorrect response or 1 tick only

2
1
0

Able to state the hypothesis relating the manipulated variable


and the responding variable correctly based on three criteria:
P1 : Manipulated variable (volume of water intake)
P2 : Responding variable ( volume of urine collected)
H : Relationship of the variables.

(d)

Sample answer
1. Broccoli has the highest amount of Vitamin C compared to
BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

Cauliflower, and Spinach.


P1 + P2 + H
Able to state the hypothesis based on any two criteria.
2
Sample answer
1. The amount of filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP solution
affects the content of Vitamin C.
2. Different amount of filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP
solution, different content of Vitamin C.
P1 + P2 // P1/P2 + H
Able to state the hypothesis based on any one criteria or idea
level.

Sample answer
1. The content of Vitamin C is different.

Question
Criteria
(e) (i)
Able to construct a table correctly with the following aspects:
T : Title with correct unit - 1 mark
D : Data - 1 mark
C : Percentage of Vitamin C - 1 mark

Score
3

Sample answer
Type of filtrate

(ii)

The amount of
filtrate needed to
decolorize DCPIP
solution (ml)
4.2
2.5
3.6
1.0

Percentage of
Vitamin C (%)

Cauliflower
0.02//0.022
Broccoli
0.04
Lime
0.03//0.027
Ascorbic Acid
0.1
Any two aspect correct
Any one aspect correct
Incorrect response
Able to draw the graph of volume of water reabsorb against
volume of water intake based on the following aspects:
P (Paksi): Title of x-axis and y-axis with unit - 1 mark
Title (Title) : Four points plotted correctly - 1 mark
B (Bentuk) : All points connected smoothly - 1 mark
All three aspect correct
BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

2
1
0

3
4

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

(f)

2014

Any two aspect correct


Any one aspect correct
No response or Incorrect response
Able to explain the relationship between the amount of
vegetable filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP solution and type
of filtrate base on the following criteria.
R1 : Relationship R2 : the amount of vegetable filtrate to decolorize DCPIP
R3 : the concentration of vitamin C

2
1
0

Sample answer
Broccoli has the highest amount of vitamin C compared to
cauliflower and Lime. This is because the amount of vegetable
filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP is low, thus the
concentration of vitamin C is high enough which needed only
small amount of flitrate to reduce DCPIP solution.

Able to explain the relationship using any two aspects


Able to explain the relationship using any one aspect only
No response or Incorrect response
Question
Criteria
(g)
Able to predict and explain the volume of urine produced based
on the following criteria :
P1 : Prediction - More than 4.5 ml
P2 : Explanation - denaturation of vitamin C
P3 : Concentration of filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP
solution

2
1
0
Score

Sample answer
Volume of filtrate needed to decolorize DCPIP solution is more/
higher than 4.5ml. This is because boiling causes Vitamin C to
denature. Thus there is less/ no vitamin C concentration in
filtrate to decolorize DCPIP solution
Able to predict and explain the volume of urine produced based
on any two criteria
Able to predict and explain the volume of urine produced based
on any one criteria
No response or Incorrect response
(h)

2
1
0

Able to define Vitamin C operationally based on the following


criteria.
D1 :
D2 :
D3 :
BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

Sample answer
3
2
1
0

Any two criteria stated


Any one criteria stated
No response or Incorrect response
Question
Criteria
(i)
Able to classify apparatus and materials into their respective
variables.

Score

Sample answer
Materials
Ascorbic Acid
Fruit Juices
DCPIP Solution

Apparatus
Syringe with needle
Specimen Tube
Measuring Cylinder
3

All 6 corrects in its appropriate correct.


5 4 correct
3- 2correct
1 0 No response or Incorrect response

BIOLOGY 4551

2
1
0

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

Paper 3 No 2 (Scheme)
Item

Criteria

Marks

Problem statement
Able to state the problem statement of the experiment correctly
based on three criteria:
Manipulated variables (different) water sources/ samples (P1)
Responding variables time taken to decolourise methylene
blue solution
// level of polution (P2)
Relationship in question form and question symbol [?] (H)
Sample Answer
1. What is the time taken to decolourise methylene blue solution//
level of pollution of different water sources/samples ?

3 marks

2. Does different water sources/samples has different time taken to


decolourise methylene blue solution// level of pollution ?
Able to state the problem statement of the experiment correctly
based on any two criteria.
Sample Answer
1. What is the time taken to decolourise methylene blue solution//
level of pollution of different water sources/ samples.
Able to state the problem statement of the experiment correctly
based on only one criteria.
Sample Answer
1. What is the time taken to decolourise methylene blue
solution / level of pollution of water sources/ sample.
2. Water sources/ samples have different level of pollution.

2 marks

1 mark

Wrong or no response
0 mark

BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

Item

Criteria

2014

Marks

Hypothesis
Able to state the hypothesis of the experiment correctly based on
three criteria:
Manipulated variables different water sources/ samples (P1)
Responding variables time taken to decolourise methylene
blue solution
/level of pollution (P2)
Relationship more/less than//higher/lower than // shortest//most
(H)
Sample Answer

3 marks

1. Water sample A/ drain water took the shortest time to


decolourise methylene blue solution compared to water sample B,
C and D.
2. Drain water /water sample A is the most polluted samples of
water collected.
Able to state the hypothesis of the experiment correctly based on
two criteria:
Sample Answer

2 marks

1. Different sources of water samples affect the time taken for the
methylene blue solution to decolourise .
Able to state the hypothesis of the experiment correctly based on
one criteria:

1 mark

Sample Answer
1. The drain water is polluted
Wrong or no response

0 mark

BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

Item

2014

Criteria

Marks

Variables
Able to state the variables of the experiment correctly that include
three criteria:
Manipulated : different water sources/ samples
Responding : time taken to decolourise methylene blue solution
// level of polution
Constant
solution

Item

: volume of water samples// volume of methylene blue

3
marks

Able to state the variables of the experiment correctly that include


two criteria.

2
marks

Able to state the variables of the experiment correctly that include


one criteria

1 mark

Wrong or no response

0 mark

Criteria

Marks

Materials
Methylene blue solution, water samples from A, B, C and D
Apparatus

3
marks

Syringe with needle, stop watch, Reagent bottle, stopper and beaker
2M +
5A
Materials
BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

Two materials

2
marks

Apparatus
Any three apparatus (syringe and stop watch are compulsory )

2M +
3A

Materials
Two materials

1 mark

Apparatus

2M +
2A

Two apparatus ( syringe and stop watch )

Item

Cannot state the functional materials and apparatus

0 mark

Criteria

Marks

Procedure
Able to state five Ks correctly.
K1 : Preparation of materials & apparatus (3K1)

3
marks

K2 : Operating fixed variable (1K2)


K3 : Operating responding variable (1K3)
K4: Operating manipulated variable (1K4)
K5 : Precaution (1K5)
Able to state any three Ks correctly
2
marks
BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

10

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

Able to state any two Ks correctly

1
marks

Able to state only one K correctly or no response

0
marks

Example for procedure


K1: Preparation of materials & apparatus
1. Water samples are collected from four different sources A,B,C
and D
2. The reagent bottles are labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4
3. The reagent bottles are closed with the stopper immediately
4. The stopwatch is activated
5. The bottles are examined from time to time
6. The results are tabulate.
K2: Operating fixes variable
1. Measure 250 ml of water sample from A, B, C and D
separately and pour into the reagent bottle labelled 1, 2, 3 and
4 respectively
2. 1 ml of methylene blue solution is added to each water
sample using a syringe
K3: Operating responding variable
1. The time taken for the methylene blue solution to decolourise is
measured and recorded in the table using stop watch.
K4: Operating manipulated variable
1. Measure 250 ml of water samples from A, B, C and D
separately and pour into the reagent bottle labeled 1, 2, 3 and
BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

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PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

4 respectively

Item

Criteria

Marks

K5: Precaution
1. 1 ml of methylene blue solution is added to the base of each
water sample using a syringe with needle
2. The reagent bottles are closed with stopper immediately
3. The contents of the bottles cannot be shaken.
4. All the reagent bottles are kept in a dark cupboard
Sample answer:
Method / procedure :
1. Water samples are collected (K1) from 4 different water
resources (K3)
*(A,B,C and D).
2. The reagent bottles are labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4
3. 250 ml of water samples (K2) is measured (K1) from 4
different water
Resources (A, B, C and D) separately and pour (K1) into the
reagent bottle labeled 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.

*Tap,
drain,
river,
pond.

4. 1 ml (K2) of methylene blue solution is added (K1) to the base


(K5) of each water sample using a syringe with needle.
5. The reagent bottles are closed with stopper immediately. (K5)
6. The content of the bottles cannot be shaken. (K5)
7. All the reagent bottles are kept in a dark cupboard. (K5)
8. The stop watch is activated. (K1)
9. The bottles are examined (K1) at one hour interval.
10. The time taken for the methylene blue solution to decolourise is
measured and recorded for all the water samples using stop
watch. (K3)
11. The result is tabulated. (K1)

BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

12

PROGRAM KECEMERLANGAN SPM SEKOLAH BERASRAMA PENUH, KPM

2014

Presentation of data
1. Able to state all the titles correctly with units.
2. Able to state 4 water samples.
Water samples

Time taken for methylene


blue solution to decolourise
(hour )

2
marks

Tap water
Drain water
River water
Pond water

Able to state any one criteria only

1 mark

END OF MARKING SCHEME

BIOLOGY 4551

MODUL PERFECT SCORE SBP

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