You are on page 1of 23

I.

INTRODUCTION
Air conditioner is a device for cooling and controlling the humidity and purity of

the air circulating in a space.


As day time is starting to become more and more unbearable, as fans would only
constantly stir the hot sticky air around, so the researchers ended up in choosing this
topic. The researchers chose this topic mainly because of the hot weather here in the
Philippines especially here in Cabanatuan City that has an average temperature of twenty
nine point ninety five degrees Celsius (29.95 C). The constant high temperature was the
main reason this came up to the researchers minds. This particular design is a lowmaintenance version that requires no water drainage. The materials needed to conduct the
product were also cheap and easy to find, which was very sufficient for people to make.

II.

OBJECTIVES

The objective of the improvised air conditioner is to help people to make the weather
little more bearable. Not only that, but it aims to substitute a high class and expensive air
conditioner to make it affordable, easy to make, rather effective, portable and reusable.
The purpose of the project is to provide a cool air without consuming a lot of electricity.
At the same time, it may help the users to cool their drinks while using it. In addition, the
researchers intend to identify which voltage can give the lowest temperature, slowest
melting time, the highest percentage of relative humidity and what is best to use.

III.

MATERIALS AND METHOD

Materials used
Researchers used the following materials
1. DC brushless fan - used to ventilate the ice.
2. Elbow PVC pipe used for the air passage.
3. Digital thermometer with external probe used for measuring the temperature
coming out from the pipe.
4. 1000 mA Adaptor used for changing the amount of voltage.
5. Styrofoam ice box used for preserving the ice.
6. Cutter used for making an opening to the box.
7. Electric tape used for covering the wires.
8. Marker used for marking the Styrofoam.
9. Tube ice it was the source of cold air.
10. Screw driver used for tightening the screws.
11. Scissors used for cutting the wires.
12. Omni Switch used for tuning on and off of the device.

Procedures in Construction of Improvised Air Conditioner


1. Buy and prepare all the materials needed.
2. Mark the Styrofoam according to the size of the brushless fan, omni surface
switch and elbow PVC pipe.
3. Carefully cut the Styrofoam.

4. Install the brushless fan, omni surface switch and the elbow PVC pipe in the
Styrofoam.
5. Remove at least an inch of the rubber that covers the wires of the 12 V fan and the
1000 mA adaptor.
6. Connect the wires of the DC brushless fan by twisting and tightening the end in
the screw.
7. Connect the wires of the 1000 mA adaptor by twisting and tightening the end to
the other screw.
8. Put the 5 kilogram ice on the Styrofoam ice box.
9. Plug the adaptor.
10. Turn on the switch.
11. Use the digital thermometer with external probe for the temperature.

IV.

RESULTS

Mass of Tube

Time Interval

Ice (kg)

(minutes)

T(C)

15

20.5

6V

30

20.7

45

20.1

%RH

9V
T(C)

%RH

12V
T(C)

%RH

Mass of Ice

Time Interval

Block (kg)

(minutes)

6V
T(C)

%RH

9V
T(C)

12V

%RH

T(C)

%RH

15
5

30
45

Relativity between temperature and time (Tube Ice)

21

20

19
6V
18

9V
12V

17

16

15
15

30

45

Time (minutes)
The graph shows that 6 volts has the highest temperature and slowest melting
time while at 9 volts the temperature was lessened and has quicker melting time but at 12
volts the temperature reached the lowest temperature yet has the fastest melting time.
4

Relativity between time and relative humidity (Tube Ice)

61
60
59
58

6V
9V

57

12V

56
55
54
15

30

45

Time (minutes)

The graph shows that 6 volts has the lowest relative humidity while 9 volts has
higher relative humidity but at 12 volts the relative humidity gradually increased and has
the highest percentage with respect to time.

Relativity between temperature and time (Ice Block)

25

20

15
6V
9V
10

12V

0
15

30

45

Time (minutes)
The graph shows that 6 volts has the highest and slowest melting time while at 9
volts the temperatures were lower but it gradually increased. The 12 volts has the lowest
temperatures yet has the fastest melting time.

Relativity between time and relative humidity (Ice Block)

66
64
62
60

6V
9V

58

12V

56
54
52
15

30

45

Time (minutes)
The graph shows that 6 volts has the lowest percentage of relative humidity while
9 volts has higher relative humidity yet it gradually decreased. Also, at 12 volts the
relative humidity gradually has the highest percentage with respect to time.

V.

DISCUSSION

The researchers found out that when the ice used was tube ice, the lowest voltage has
the highest temperatures and almost consistent that the temperature was not enough to
cool a 20 square meter room while when the voltage used was higher the temperature was
lessened and has quicker melting time but when the highest voltage was used it has
reached its lowest temperature but has the fastest melting time. The researchers also
found out that when the ice used was tube ice, the voltage was directly proportional to the
percentage of relative humidity, the higher the voltage the higher relative humidity.
Meanwhile, when ice block was used the voltage was indirectly proportional to the
temperature; as the voltage decreased the temperature increased while the percentage
relative humidity was directly proportional to the voltage; as the voltage increased the
percentage relative humidity also increased.

VI.

CONCLUSION
The researchers conclude that the improvised air conditioner can help people to

make the weather little more bearable. The improvised air conditioner was more
affordable than the high class but expensive air conditioners, easy to make, rather
effective, portable and can be used again. The improvised air conditioner can also
supply a cool air without consuming a lot of electricity. At the same time, it can serve
as a cooler to their drinks.
The researchers also found out that when the tube ice was used, 12 volts has the
lowest temperature and 6 volts has the slowest melting time. Also, the 12 volts has
8

the highest percentage of relative humidity and the best voltage to use in a limited
amount of ice was 9 volts.
Otherwise, when the ice used was ice block 12 volts has the lowest temperature
and 6 volts has the slowest melting time. In addition, 12 volts was the highest
percentage relative humidity and also the best voltage to use.

VII.
Shark

REFERENCE
Nazrin

(2013).

Excersice.

Retrieved

from

http://www.studymode.com/essays/Excersice-45496807.html on September 22, 2014

Appendix A. Working Drawing


Assembly

3
4

2
5

1 - Styrofoam Ice Box


2 - Digital Thermometer with External Probe
3 - Omni Switch
4 - Elbow PVC Pipe
5 - 12 Volts Fan
6 - 1000mA Adaptor
Sectional

10

Adaptor

Digital thermometer with external probe

11

DC brushless fan

Omni switch

12

PVC pipe

Styrofoam Ice box

13

Appendix B. Bill of Materials


QUANTITY

UNIT

ITEM

UNIT

TOTAL

COST

COST

piece

1000 mA Ac Dc Adaptor

240.00

240.00

piece

Elbow PVC pipe

25.00

25.00

piece

For covering the wires

10.00

10.00

piece

Cutter

16.00

16.00

piece

Switch

40.00

40.00

piece

Styrofoam ice box

220.00

220.00

piece

DC brushless fan

50.00

50.00

kilogram

Tube ice

35.00

175.00

piece

Digital thermometer with

210.00

210.00

external probe
TOTAL COST

986.00

14

Appendix C.

Cutting the Styrofoam according to the size of DC Brushless fan casing

Cutting the Styrofoam according to the size of elbow PVC pipe

15

Mounting the elbow PVC pipe

Installing the Brushless fan

16

Cutting the coat of the wire

Tightening the wires to the screws

17

Setting up the switch on top of the Styrofoam

Putting ice tubes in the Styrofoam ice box

18

Plugging the adaptor to the outlet

Switching on the digital thermometer external probe

19

GROUP MEMBERS PROFILE


I.

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Name: Neah Eden Ladignon Bernardo

Gender: Female

Birthday: September 18, 1995

Age: 19

Height: 57

Weight: 48 kg

Home Address: #071 Briones Village San Isidro Cabanatuan City


Email Address: neahbernardo@ymail.com
Father: Nestor Santos Bernardo

Phone number: N/A

Mother: Estrelita Ladignon Bernardo

Phone number: 0917-566-2964

Religion: Christian

II.

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Level

Name of School

Elementary
High
school
College

III.

Wesleyan UniversityPhilippines
Wesleyan UniversityPhilippines
Nueva Ecija
University of Science
and Technology

Address
Mabini Extension,
Cabanatuan City
Mabini Extension,
Cabanatuan City
General Tinio,
Cabanatuan City

Year
Graduated
2008
2012

Honors
Received
1st Special
Mention
4th Special
Mention

3rd Year

Membership to Organization

Name of Organization
Philippine Institute of Civil Engineers
(NEUST Chapter)
Model of Association of Talented,
Responsible and Intelligent Civil
Engineering Students

Position
Member
Member

20

I.

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Name: Joana Mae Pereda Yumol

Gender: Female

Birthday: May 15, 1996

Age: 18

Height: 52

Weight: 46 kg

Home Address: 168 San Roque, San Leonardo, Nueva Ecija


Email Address: joanamaeperedayumol@yahoo.com
Father: Esmeraldo Jimenez Yumol

Phone number: 09065684733

Mother: Wilma Pereda Yumol

Phone number: 09155191931

Religion: Catholic

II.

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Level
Elementary
High
school
College

III.

Address

Year
Graduated

Honors
Received

San Roque, San


Leonardo

2008

5th Honors

San Vicente, Gapan


City

2012

Academic
commendation

General Tinio,
Cabanatuan City

3rd Year

Name of School
San Roque
Elementary
School
Divina Pastora
College
Nueva Ecija
University of
Science and
Technology

Membership to Organization

Name of Organization
Philippine Institute of Civil Engineers
(NEUST Chapter)
Model of Association of Talented,
Responsible and Intelligent Civil
Engineering Students

Position
Member
Member

21

I.

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Name: Hazel Tien Pineda Maacop

Gender: Female

Birthday: July 22, 1996

Age: 18

Height: 56

Weight: 55 kls.

Home Address: #080 Francisco st. Mabini Ext. Cabanatuan City


Email Address: tienmanacop@yahoo.com.ph
Father: Orlando Pineda Maacop

Phone number: 0935-293-3323

Mother: Elizabeth Pineda Maacop

Phone number: 0917-341-3559

Religion: Roman Catholic

II.

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Level
Elementary
High school
College

III.

Name of School

Address

New Horizon
Montessori Academy
Talavera National
High school
Nueva Ecija
University of Science
and Technogy

Poblacion Sur, Talavera,


Nueva Ecija
Pag-asa Dist. Talavera,
Nueva Ecija
Gen.Tinio St. Cabanatuan
City

Year
Graduated

Honors
Received

2008

Honorable
mention

2012
3rd year

Membership to Organization

Name of Organization
Philippine Institute of Civil Engineers
(NEUST Chapter)
Model of Association of Talented,
Responsible and Intelligent Civil
Engineering Students
Guidance and Counseling Organization

Position
Member
Member
Vice President
(College of Engineering)

22

I.

PERSONAL INFORMATION

Name: Jayvee Binuya dela Cruz

Gender: Male

Birthday: June 23, 1996

Age: 18

Height: 57 1/2

Weight: 63 kg.

Home Address: Villa Luz Subdivision, Cabanatuan City.


Email Address: delacruzjayvee@gmail.com
Father: Romeo Galay dela Cruz

Phone number: 0936-777-6592

Mother: Mary Joy Binuya dela Cruz

Phone number: 0936-675-9551

Religion: Roman Catholic


II.

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

Level

Name of School

Elementary
High
school

College

III.

Mabini Homesite
Elementary School
Nueva Ecija
University of
Science and
Technology
Nueva Ecija
University of
science and
technology

Address

Year
Graduated

Honors
Received

Brgy. Mabini Homesite,


Cabanatuan City

2008

2nd Honor

Gen. Tinio Street,


Cabanatuan City

2012

Gen. Tinio st.


Cabanatuan City

3rd year

Membership to Organization

Name of Organization
Philippine Institute of Civil Engineers
(NEUST Chapter)
Model of Association of Talented,
Responsible and Intelligent Civil
Engineering Students

Position
Member
Member

23