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Chapter 6
6.2 Notes.

Be sure to study and learn the following material.

Slide 2:
__________________ bonds form particles of two or more atoms chemically bound

These particles are called __________________.

Chlorine and Hydrogen make __________________

Draw a diagram representing a molecule of HCl.

__________________ are held together by covalent bonds.

__________________ __________________are compounds formed from covalent


The smallest particle of a molecular substance is called a __________________.

Slide 3:
__________________ __________________is a notation used to represent a chemical

A _________________ ___________________ is made of the symbols of the elements

that make up the compound.

Tell the elements and number of atoms represented by HCl.

__________________ and __________________

A number below and to the right of a symbol in a chemical formula is called a

__________________. This number tells the number of __________________ of the
element to the left of the subscript.

How many hydrogen atoms are represented in H2O? __________________

Slide 4:

A chemical formula of a molecular substance is called a __________________. The

__________________ tells the exact composition of a molecule of a substance.

6.2 Notes Nethercott Page 1 12/26/09

A ____________________________________ is made of only two atoms.

List seven elements that exist naturally as diatomic molecules.


Slide 5
Write molecular formulas for the images of models of compounds in this slide. Use the
color code as indicated below each image

1) __________________
5) __________________
2) __________________
6) __________________
3) __________________
7) __________________
4) __________________

Build models of the following compounds. Make a sketch of each model in the space
provided below.


Hydrogen C2H5OH

Slide 6:

When covalent bonds form there are__________________ and __________________

between nuclei and electrons of adjacent atoms.

Make a sketch showing inter-atomic attractions

6.2 Notes Nethercott Page 2 12/26/09

Make a sketch showing inter-atomic repulsions.

__________________ balance out at a distance that minimizes energy.

____________________________________ is the distance between two bonded atoms.

____________________________________ is the amount of energy needed to break

chemical bonds to make free neutral atoms.

Slide 7:

The tendency for atoms is to achieve a ______________________________________.

This configuration is stable because of the stability of filled __________________ and

__________________ sublevels.

__________________ are monatomic and very non reactive because they have filled
__________________ and __________________ sublevels.

Main group elements achieve a noble gas configuration by __________________,

__________________, or __________________ electrons. This idea is called

In a covalent bond electrons are __________________ to make an


Draw the orbital notation of fluorine, F2.

Draw the orbital notation of hydrogen chloride.

Slide 8:
Name one exception to the octet rule __________________. Give the chemical formula
of this compound.

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Boron has _________ valence ___________________ and tends to surround itself with
___________________ electrons instead of ___________________

Draw the orbital notation of boron

There are other exceptions, but this is the only one you need to know.

Slide 9:

__________________________ is an electron configuration notation in which only the

valence electrons of an aom of a particular element are shown. ____________________
are represented with dots placed around the element’s symbol.
Dots are placed around the symbol in such a fashion as to represent the filling of
__________________________ in s and p sublevels.
“X” represents the symbol of any element. The order in which electrons are added to the
symbol are shown by the numbers labeled below.

X or X
Slide 10:
Write electron dot notation for the following elements:

Na P Ca Al


Slide 1 1:
Electron dot notation can be used to show __________________________

Draw the electron dot formula of bromine (Br2).

6.2 Notes Nethercott Page 4 12/26/09

__________________________ or __________________________ is a pair of
electrons that are not involved in bonding and that belong to a single atom.
A __________________________ is a pair of elecgrons that is shared between two

Slide 12:
If the __________________________ is replaced with a dash, they you have a type of
notation called __________________________.
A __________________________ is a type of notation in which the symbol represents
the nucleus and inner-shell electrons. __________________________ show unshared
pairs of electrons and __________________________ represent a shared electron pair.

Draw the Lewis structure of Bromine (Br2).

Slide 13:
__________________________ is a method for showing a molecular formula using only
dashes representing shared electron pairs and symbols representing the elements nucleus
and inner shell electrons.

Draw the structural formula of Br2.

Slide 14:
Draw electron-dot, Lewis structures, and structural formulas for the following


6.2 Notes Nethercott Page 5 12/26/09

HCl NH3 H2S BCl3

Slide 15:
A __________________________ is a bond in which there is only one shared pair of

__________________________ are bonds in which there is more than one shared pair of
electrons in the bond.

A __________________________ has two shared pairs of electrons in the bond.

__________________________ is held together with a double covalent bond.

Draw the electron dot , Lewis, and structural formulas of oxygen in the space below.

Slide 16:
__________________________ are chemical bonds with three shared electron pairs..
Draw three different types of formulas for Nitrogen (N2).

Slide 17:
Draw notations for the following:



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Slide 18: Resonance Structures

Sometimes it is not possible to represent a molecule with a single

______________________ structure. This is known as a ______________________

An example is ozone (O3) Draw Lewis structures representing ozone.

6.2 Notes Nethercott Page 7 12/26/09