You are on page 1of 47

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems

Draft 2.0
May 29, 2012

Forward
(Informative)
This Rainwater Catchment Design and Installation Standard Guide (hereinafter referred to as the Standard
Guide) has been developed by a joint effort of the American Rainwater Catchment Systems Association
(ARCSA) and the American Society of Plumbing Engineers (ASPE). The purpose of this Standard Guide
is to assist engineers, designers, plumbers, builders/developers, local government, and end users in safely
implementing a rainwater catchment system. This Standard Guide is intended to apply to new rainwater
catchment installations, as well as alterations, additions, maintenance and repairs to existing installations.
This Standard Guide is intended to be consistent with, and complimentary to nationally adopted codes
and regulation. However, designers/installers are advised to consult with the plumbing authority having
jurisdiction regarding local conditions, requirements and restrictions.

Copyright © 2012
by
American Rainwater Catchment System Association and
American Society of Plumbing Engineers
All Rights Reserved

1

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems
Draft 2.0
May 29, 2012

The Standard Guide
(Normative)
1.0 SCOPE
The scope of this Standard Guide covers rainwater catchment systems that utilize the principal of
collecting and using precipitation from a rooftop or other manmade, above ground collection
surface. This Standard Guide does not apply to the collection of rainwater from vehicular parking
or other similar surfaces.
1.2

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES
1.2.1

The objectives of this Standard Guide are to provide guidance collected expertise from
industry leaders in how to provide and maintain a healthy alternative to utility provided
water, and to optimize rainwater utilization, while ensuring that:
A.

Reduction of risk to consumers from poor design, installation, maintenance or
illegal work.

B.

Reduction of risk to the public from injury or loss of amenity due to a failure of
the supply, installation, maintenance, or operation of the rainwater catchment
system.

C.

The rainwater catchment system will assist in maintaining and enhancing the
quality of the environment while helping to ensure compliance with the intent of
relevant regulations and government officials.

1.3 UNITS OF MEASUREMENT
1.3.1

2.0

Values are stated in metric or the International System of Units (SI) with U.S. Customary
Units being referenced parenthetically. The SI units shall be considered as the standard
for this Guide.

REFERENCED STANDARDS
The standards referenced in this section are considered normative either by direct reference in this
Standard Guide through a general reference of this Section in the Standard Guide:1:

2.1

American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ASME A 112.6.4-2003: Roof, Deck and Balcony Drains

1 Note: Additional standard and guidance document references have been provided in Annex A for informational
purposes.

2

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems
Draft 2.0
May 29, 2012

2.2

American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Environment
Federation
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd Edition

2.3

ASTM International
ASTM B 32-08: Standard Specifications for Solder Metal
ASTM B 75/B75M-11: Standard Specifications for Seamless Copper Tube
ASTM B 828-02(2010): Standard Practice for Making Capillary Joints by Soldering of Copper
and Copper Alloy Tube and Fittings
ASTM 1785-12: Standard Specification for Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedule 40,
80, and 120
ASTM D 2241-09: Standard Specification for Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Pressure Rated Pipe
(SDR Series)
ASTM 2466-06: Standard Specification for Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Plastic Fittings, Schedule
40
ASTM 2467-06: Standard Specification for Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) Plastic Fittings, Schedule
80
ASTM D 2657-07: Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 2661-11: Standard Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Schedule 40
Plastic Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 2665-12: Standard Specification for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Drain, Waste,
and Vent Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 2855-96(2010): Standard Practice for Making Solvent-Cemented Joints with Poly (Vinyl
Chloride) (PVC) Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 2949-10: Standard Specification for 3.25-in. Outside Diameter Poly (Vinyl Chloride)
(PVC) Plastic Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe and Fittings
ASTM D 3261-10a: Standard Specification for Butt Heat Fusion Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Fittings
for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe and Tubing
ASTM D 3311-11: Standard Specification for Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV) Plastic Fittings

3

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems
Draft 2.0
May 29, 2012

ASTM D 3350-12: Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
ASTM F 628-08: Standard Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Schedule 40
Plastic Drain, Waste, and Vent Pipe With a Cellular Core
ASTM F 714-12: Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (SDR-PR) Based on
Outside Diameter
ASTM F 1866-07: Standard Specification for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Schedule 40
Drainage and DWV Fabricated Fittings
ASTM F 1901-10: Standard Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Pipe and Fittings for Roof Drain
Systems
2.4

American Water Works Association (AWWA)
AWWA C110-2012: Standard for Ductile-Iron and Gray-Iron Fittings
AWWA C.606-2011: Grooved and Shoulder Joints

2.5

Cast Iron Soil Pipe Institute (CISPI)
CISPI 301-09: Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings for Sanitary and Storm Drain, Waste and
Vent Piping Applications
CISPI 310-11: Couplings for Use In Connection With Hubless Cast Iron Soil Pipe and Fittings For
Sanitary and Storm Drain Waste and Vent Piping Applications

2.6

International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
ISO/IEC Guide 65:1996 – General requirements for bodies operating product certification
systems.
ISO/IEC 17011:2004 – Conformity assessment- General requirements for accreditation bodies
accrediting conformity assessment bodies.

2.7

NSF International
NSF Protocol P151: Health Effects from Rainwater Catchment System Components
NSF / ANSI Standard 14-2011: Plastic Piping System Components and Related Materials
NSF / ANSI Standard 42-2010: Drinking Water Treatment Units--Aesthetic Effects

4

3.S. or be listed by an accredited certification body . Subpart P.1. To meet this requirement would require an air quality test prior to installing every 5 . down spouts. piping. Because of the access to this tank. Department of Labor – Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) Safety and Health Regulations for Construction. For water storage volumes totaling less than 1. The system shall be located and maintained to prevent overhanging vegetation and air borne pollution from contaminating collected rainwater. it may be necessary to treat this tank as a precaution for possible accidental ingestion or contact with a student. no treatment is required. and liners. c. Standard 1926. Collection roofing. 2012 NSF / ANSI Standard 53-2010: Drinking Water Treatment Units-. irrigation and garden use.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. or intended for minor utility. fittings.8 U. tanks. and equipment shall should be washed clean before they are put into service. (The use of the water should always dictate the level of treatment). Water level control devices that control pumps. in contact with the water supply. REASON: Many School projects use a small Rainwater Tank as a display that their school uses rainwater. REASON: We may recommend that overhanging vegetation be prevented from overhanging however. a.363 liters (360 gallons). shall should be mercury free devices. valves. gutters. Excavations 3. d. makeup water valves.1 All piping and plumbing system materials and components used in the installation of a rainwater catchment system shall should comply with the applicable referenced standards specified in Section 2 and be approved for the specific use per local plumbing code. e.Health Effects NSF / ANSI Standard 55-2009: Ultraviolet Microbiological Water Treatment Systems NSF / ANSI Standard 58-2009: Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water Treatment Systems NSF / ANSI Standard 60-2011: Drinking Water System Chemicals Health Effects NSF / ANSI Standard 61-2011: Drinking Water System Components Health Effects 2. screens. flushing devices.0 May 29. leaders. etc. dictating that this will be accomplished will eliminate most home systems.1 Collection Parameters.0 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS RECOMENDATIONS 3. Airborne pollutants are in the air we breathe. shall be approved for the intended use. All tank interior surfaces. b.

A sufficient amount of rainwater shall should be wasted.3 cm (0. The inlet to the roof washer shall should be provided with a debris screen that protects the roof washer from the intrusion of waste and vermin. The collection surface shall should be constructed of above-ground. All piping. plumbing components. b. and material used shall should be manufactured of material approved for the intended application. it may not restrict the intrusion of vermin. to wash accumulated debris from collection surface. No treatment is required for sub surface irrigation. All collected rainwater.2.3 6 . the local authority having jurisdiction should be consulted regarding required water quality. Washers and Pre-filtration. or garden use. REASON: Just because a Prefilter has a self-cleaning design. 2012 rainwater system and since the air quality is subject to change based on the environment. shall pass through a roof washer or pre-filtration system before the water enters the cistern(s). The debris screen shall be corrosion resistant and shall should have openings no larger than 1. 3. (See Annex B.2.1. and not allowed to enter the cistern.2 For non-potable water applications a. for potable water application.) and no smaller than 0. Gutter and down spout systems leading to the cistern shall should be fitted with a debris excluder or equivalent devices that restrict debris from entering the rainwater storage tank. impervious material. Pre-filters which have a self-cleaning design are not required to have the aforementioned debris screen. b.25 in nominal).2 Conveyance System 3. conforming to the standards described herein in Section 2. For above surface irrigation. hard surface.1 3. this should be struck from the guide.0 May 29.5 in. b. Acceptable Piping Schematics. Roof washer systems shall should meet the following design requirements: a. 3. Harvested rainwater shall should be filtered or treated to an appropriate quality suitable for intended use. Approximate amount of rainfall to be wasted shall should be adjustable as necessary to minimize cistern water contamination.64 cm nominal (0. for guidance in determining pre-wash water volume) SEE ANNEX B. agricultural. Possible wording: Pre filters that restrict waste and vermin for entering and have openings no larger than 1.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.2 The roof drainage system or gutters and downspouts used to collect rainwater shall should comply with the following: a.

The following are the minimum requirements for cisterns. d. Above grade plastic tanks shall should be certified for intended application. roof washer or pre-filtration system shall should be provided for each cistern.3 e. 2012 cm (0. Cisterns may be installed either above or below grade b.) and no smaller than 0. Above grade cisterns shall be protected from direct sunlight and shall should: 7 . and / or as certified by a structural engineer. Pre-filtration screens or filters shall should be maintained consistent with manufacturer’s specifications. a single pre filter is permitted 3. Water drained from the first-flush diverter or pre-filter shall should be piped away from the storage tank and terminate in a location so as not to cause damage to property or cause erosion. Roof washers shall should be readily accessible for regular maintenance.64 nominal (0.1 General Cisterns may be used as storm-water collection points that help to minimize flood damage.3.2 Installation: a. Tank shall should comply with the administrative authority having jurisdiction.7 for potable water applications.3. 3. d. local building codes and ordinances. Exception: Where cisterns are interconnected to effectively equalize cisterns to supply water in series. f. Cisterns shall should have access to allow inspection and cleaning. If more than one cistern is used a screen.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. c. c.5 in. while providing a reservoir for later use.0 May 29.25 in nominal) normally do not need debris screens Exception: Debris screens are not normally needed This item is not required for pre-filters which provide a method of diverting the prescribed first flush. 3. g. CISTERNS / STORAGE. Additional requirements are provided in Section 3. First flush diverters and pre-filters shall should be provided with an automatic means of self draining between rain events.

located outside of the building.0 May 29.e. g.785. Below grade cisterns.32 liters) x 62. In a situation where the soil can become saturated. (1) Underground tanks shall should comply with OSHA’s construction Industry Standards Part 1926 Subpart P.2 cm (4 in) above surrounding grade and / or installed in such a way as to prevent surface or ground water from entering through the top of any fittings. materials: i. Buoyant force will be 3. 2012 (1) Be constructed using opaque. or (2) Have specially constructed sun barriers e. In areas where sustained freezing temperatures occur. calculated as follows: Example (metric): For 3.g. h. Manholes are to be designed to provide sufficient access into tank. f. e.785.783. Where the installation requires a foundation. heavily tinted plastic. Fall protection rules and regulations and any local codes relating to excavation and backfill technique or safety. i. metal tank with lining. installed in garages. shall should be provided with manhole risers a minimum of 10. to prevent the tank from floating out of the ground when empty.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.4536 kg/cubic foot) = 3. All cisterns shall should be installed in accordance with the manufacturer=’s installation instructions. concrete or wood painted to prevent algae growth. etc.4 liters x (1 cubic foot/ 28. or otherwise secured.4 liter tank. (2) Above grade tanks shall should be installed on a sturdy and level. crawlspaces. adequately secured with adequate drainage. UV resistant.4 (0. foundation or platform. the foundation shall should be flat and shall should be designed to support the cistern weight when the cistern is full consistent with bearing capability of adjacent soil. The combined weight of the tank and hold down ballast shall should meet or exceed the buoyancy force of the tank. provisions shall should be made to keep cistern and the related piping from freezing. underground tanks shall should be ballasted. sheds.35 kg 8 .

“DANGER . Outlets and Openings. shall should be protected with a screen having openings no greater than 0. REASON: Draining a tank in Florida or on the coat with a three feet water table is next to impossible. b. or may be allowed to infiltrate excess collected water into the aquifer. k.): 1. the volume needed will be: Volume (cubic feet) = 8342 lbs x cubic feet / 150 lbs = 55. 2012 Example (U.0 May 29. Buoyant force of Cistern ( lbs) = Volume (cubic feet) x 62. (2) Water from the cistern overflow shall should be discharged in a manner consistent with local storm water runoff requirements and as approved by the local authority having jurisdiction.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. Cisterns shall be provided with a means for draining and cleaning. PUMP 9 .4 Inlets.48 gallons) x 62.125 in). (1) Where an opening is provided that could allow the entry of personnel.3 cm (0. a.4 ( lbs / cubic foot = 8342 lbs 2. For 1000 gallon tank.1 cubic yards) REASON: Buoyancy calculations are the responsibility of the engineer based on core samples and are much different in areas with a high water table than they are in the Mountains. All cistern openings shall should be protected from unintentional entry by humans or vermin. or flap valve. or as otherwise appropriate. Cistern inlets shall should be provided to permit water to enter tank with minimum turbulence. the opening shall should be marked.CONFINED SPACE” 3.3. Manhole covers shall be provided and shall should be secured to prevent tampering. If concrete used as ballast.4 (lbs / cubic foot) e. for preventing entrance of insects or vermin entering the cistern.g.6 cubic feet (2. (1) Overflow outlet shall should be sized in accordance with prevailing gutter and down spout requirements.3 3. Buoyant force will be 1000 gallons x (1 cubic foot / 7. j.S. The overflow outlet.

10 . should be used if possible accidental ingestion or contact with non potable water by those other than its intended users may occur.4. Maximum pressures shall should not exceed 80 psig the maximum residual pressure. for makeup for laundry.provided domestic potable water pipe system without an approved back flow device. FILTRATION. Cross connections. A pressure reducing valve shall should be provided at water branch distribution piping if the pump is capable of exceeding 618 kpa (75 psig).0 May 29. the water shall should be filtered as a safeguard against sediment or discoloration..5. 2012 3. The pump and all other pump components shall should be certified and approved for use with potable water systems.6 a. as designated by local applicable code. interior to an occupied facility. Minimum pump pressure shall should allow for friction and other pressure losses.2 Separation shall should be maintained between potable and non potable water systems at all times.5 3.the maximum residual pressure.2 Where rainwater is used for non-potable use.1 There shall should be no direct connection of any rainwater harvesting pipe system and a public utility . PIPING 3. The pump shall should be capable of delivering a the minimum of 205 kpa (15 psig) residual pressure at the highest and / or most remote outlet served. b. 3.5. If anything. Filtration shall should meet the following provisions 3. without proper protection in accordance with local applicable plumbing code. and for proper operation of valves or other devices. such as irrigation. 3. process. etc.1 Where a pump is provided in conjunction with the rainwater harvesting system. the pump shall should meet the following provisions: 3. wash down. All material used as part of a rainwater harvesting system shall should be certified for the purpose intended.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. toilets. REASON: If it is possible for someone to come in contact with an irrigation system or there is a hose in a wash down area that someone could drink from. etc. REASON: Some large irrigation systems exceed 80 PSIG.6. a final stage filtration system is not required. we should recommend that a plumbing engineer assist in pump sizing if necessary.1 Where rainwater is used for non-potable use and for non-critical operations. a. shall is not be permitted.. we should not make any assumption that just because the water is for non potable use it never will be required to use a final stage filtration system.6.

0 May 29. or as otherwise described in Section 2. fittings and other related system components shall should be suitable for domestic water application as indicated in the applicable local building and / or plumbing code. Underground pipes shall should be installed below the local frost depth. and shall should be minimally inspected according to the following schedule: a.5 cm (12 in) above the rainwater harvesting pipe. If no local code exists it is recommendation that the potable water pipe be installed a minimum distance of twelve inches 30. Piping Materials a.6. Inspection of all elements before they are covered (rough-in inspection) b. 3. wall cavity. and labeled: “NONPOTABLE . facility or residence. b. Plastic piping shall should be protected from UV radiation by a factory applied protective coating.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.3 Where rainwater harvesting pipe and potable water pipe are installed in the same trench.6.5 Outlets and fixtures served with harvested rainwater shall should be easily recognizable by color or a symbol for nonpotable water.6.4 Labeling. In addition to testing required by the code for plumbing systems. 2012 b. or painted with a compatible latex paint. Final inspection including testing. the potable water pipe shall should be separated by a minimum distance as required by local code. Inspections. If a Rainwater Harvesting System piping is applied to any building. 3. it shall should be so indicated labeled as follows: a.DO NOT DRINK” b.RAINWATER” c. Piping and solvent cements shall should also be approved for the intended use. Rainwater harvesting systems are considered a private water system under the responsibility of the building owner / operator. be shall should prominently labeled “NONPOTABLE . or other location. Rainwater distribution water piping. not specifically treated for potable water use. Nonpotable water piping shall should be designated by colored bands and solid color piping as specified by the authority having jurisdiction or national code agencies. All rainwater supplied fixtures. 3. the following also apply: 11 . c.

3.6. System Abandonment. drinking water treatment chemicals. Where an existing potable pipe system is already in place. In addition.6 System Maintenance. In fact.7. products. the water distribution system shall should be tested and proved tight at the operating pressure.0 May 29. (3) Secure cistern from accidental access by sealing or locking tank inlets and access points. If the owner of a rainwater harvesting system elects to cease use of. or systems that contact drinking water. All lines and components shall should be watertight.7 POTABLE RAINWATER APPLICATIONS 3. b. (2) Replace the rainwater harvesting pipe system with an approved potable water supply pipe system. a. Where the manufacturer permits. or both.1 Collection surfaces for potable water applications shall be certified to NSF/ANSI 61. they shall should abandon the system in accordance with local codes. our recommendation to the system owner shall is to minimally: (1) Remove or disable all system connecting piping to utility provided water system. or fails to properly maintain such system. It is the property owner’s responsibility to maintain the system components according to manufactures written recommendations. and / or filling with sand or equivalent. rainwater is not even considered drinking water until it is 12 . 3.” Rainwater collection surfaces are not contacting drinking water. 3. Filtration and Disinfection systems shall should be serviced in accordance with manufactures recommendations. a 446 kpa (50 psi) hydrostatic test may substitute for the test above.Health Effects is the standard that establishes minimum health effects requirements for materials. 2012 d. Other inspections as needed may be necessary to assure proper system operation.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. A flow test shall should be preformed through the system to the point of water distribution and disposal. fixtures may be re-connected to the existing system. If local code does not exist to abandon the rainwater harvesting systems. REASON: By definition: “NSF/ANSI Standard 61 Drinking Water System Components . components.. (1) Testing and Commissioning (2) Piping.7 Rainwater harvesting systems shall should be maintained in functioning order for the life of the system.6.

Flat Roofs: Roof products shall be certified to NSF Protocol P151.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. This is why we in the rainwater harvesting business use pre filters to rid particulate and store the highest quality of water that can be post cistern treated water for testing and potable uses. or even potable water. a. if the rainwater will also be used to meet the potable water needs 13 . this would be like the Department of Drinking Water publishing a standard or requirement that all water extracted into a water treatment plant must be collected from an area with a surface meeting NSF/ANSI61 Certification. and piping) A filtering device A storage tank or cistern A system to distribute the water as needed Provided the rainwater is for non-drinking water purposes.0 May 29. virtually any materials can be used in the collection system. chromium or zinc based paints are not permitted. laundry. The water collected can be used for irrigation. There is absolutely no way to control the contamination on the collection area and that is the purpose for the filtration and testing necessary for potable use. Once an NSF/ANSI 61 certified material is installed and a bird drops feces on the collection area. Chemical Injection or OZONE. A typical rainwater collection system consists of the following: • • • • • A collection area (usually the roof) A method of conveying the water (gutters. RECOMMENDED LANGUAGE FOR COLLECTION AREAS: Most rainwater collection systems are designed to capture rainwater from the roofs of buildings. However. hygiene. Collection of water from vehicular parking surfaces is prohibited. Enameled Steel. Painted surfaces are only acceptable if paint has been certified to ensure the toxicity level of the paint is acceptable for drinking water contact. As ridiculous as its sounds. where it is stored until needed. the collection area will no longer be in compliance with NSF/ANSI 61 Standards. d. no water that is considered drinking water will come in contact with a collection area b. Collection area materials meeting NSF/ANSI 61 certification will have a tremendous financial impact on all residential and commercial rainwater harvesting projects. Lead. 2012 processed through a final filtration system including but not limited to UV Purification. downspouts. c. The water is then transported through gutters and other pipes into cisterns or tanks. depending upon the materials used and the treatment undertaken by the homeowner. This financial impact will considerable reduce the amount of rainwater harvesting projects. REASON: Again.

Rainwater is not even considered drinking water until it is processed through a final filtration system including but not limited to UV Purification. Wood / Cedar shake roofing. 2012 it is important to use care in selecting materials and coatings which will come into contact with the water as it is collected. The NSF/ANSI 61 addition to the rainwater storage tank will have a tremendous financial impact on all commercial rainwater harvesting projects. REASON: By definition: “NSF/ANSI Standard 61 Drinking Water System Components . Make-up water to rainwater storage tanks. The pipe entering the cistern shall should terminate in a return bend elbow pointed upward at the bottom of the tank.2 3. c.0 May 29. since some impurities can be picked up by the rainwater as it travels through the collection system. components. In addition. cisterns shall should be separated from sanitary waste piping a distance as recommended by local authority having jurisdiction. If installed below grade. c. Cisterns a. Lead flashing is not approved for potable water.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. products. Copper roofing materials. or systems that contact drinking water. Cisterns shall be certified to NSF/ANSI 61. e. may be made through a reverse pressure principle back flow device or an air gap per local plumbing codes. b. when provided. Cisterns shall should not be connected directly to a public or community water supply without approved back-flow protection. or equivalent calming device. d. drinking water treatment chemicals. 3. or local plumbing codes and up gradient from septic field piping where applicable. .7. b. Cistern outlets shall should be provided with floating inlet to draw water from the cistern just below the water surface or the outlet shall should be located at least 10 cm (4 in) above the bottom of the cistern.3 The following materials not shall should be used in potable water applications: a. plastic tanks shall be constructed of virgin plastic. Water entering cistern shall be maintained at a quiescent flow in the cistern by minimizing splashing and disturbance of sediment in bottom of cistern. Chemical Injection or OZONE which is a process that happens after water is pumped out of the rainwater storage tank.” Rainwater cisterns do not contain drinking water.7.Health Effects is the standard that establishes minimum health effects requirements for materials. f. 14 . or both.

1 and 3. Ozone: Ozone may be used with an approved ozone system ensuring adequate contact time with the ozone.1. the system shall should be provided with an 15 . OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE 3.1 Prior to Use Prior to system operation. all debris will should be removed from the collecton surface and piping system. a. the system shall should be re-cleaned and then tested again. All particulate filtration shall should be installed upstream of disinfection systems.5 3. odor and organic chemicals. b.8.7. for compliance with the applicable standards. Should the water quality still not be achievable.8 Water Disinfection a. after several additional rain events.7. Ultra-violet disinfection may be used and shall should be provided between final filtration (5 1 micron maximum) and final point of use. The cistern and distribution piping shall should be cleaned flushed with a sanitizing solution. and if used. Chlorination: Chlorination may be used with an automated demand feed system. Systems that can not meet the minimum quality standards as listed in Table 3.3d above. 3. Filters shall should be adequate size to extend service time and must be comply with NSF / ANSI Standard 53. Filtration and Disinfection systems shall should be located after water storage tank and as close to the final point of use as possible.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. an initial sample of the resultant accumulated water shall should be tested for compliance according to procedures listed in the latest edition of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. Provision shall should be made to off. After several cycles of rain harvesting. 2012 3. d. b.0 May 29. NOTE 3. UV systems shall should be certified to NSF / ANSI Standard 55. shall should enable adequate contact time and residual according to local health authorities.gas ozone to a safe environment. c.7. c.7. Carbon filtration may be provided for reduction of taste.4 Filtration a.

8.1. If the tested water does not meet the established local requirements for safe drinking water requirements of Table 3. Since there are already guidelines and they vary. b.1.1 states Note: Monitoring requirements vary greatly from state to state. Total Coliform. Heterotrophic bacteria and any chemicals of concern.0 May 29. and Heterotrophic bacteria using the minimum quality standards provided in Table 3. Consult state and local guidelines for monitoring requirements. at a minimum shall should be performed for E. E. coli. (2) Records of test results shall should be maintained for at least two (2) years. coli. NOTE: Table 3. water quality testing. This process should be continued until the minimum water quality standard is met and the water is safe for potable usage. c. For a public system: (1) Subsequent annual tests shall should be made for Total Coliform. then the rainwater collection system shall evaluated and necessary steps as described be emptied.1 complying with the testing procedures set forth in the Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. prior to placing the water system into service. Consult state and local guidelines for monitoring requirements. c. 3. b. Water Quality Maintenance a. why are we publishing something that may not be correct? We should leave this to the agencies that can enforce there own drinking water standards. The quality of the water for the intended application shall should be verified at the point of use in accordance with the minimum requirements of Table 3.7. cleaned and recommissioned as set forth in paragraph 3.2 For a private system.1 are recommended.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.7.5 and 3.1 states Note: Monitoring requirements vary greatly from state to state. 2012 appropriate filtration/disinfection device noted in sections 3. NOTE: Table 3. it is recommended that Non-potable water shall be tested every 12 months and Potable water shall be tested every 3 months. If treated rainwater is not covered in local codes.8.6 and tested again. Since there are already guidelines and they vary. Non-potable and Potable water should be tested in accordance with local codes. why are we publishing something that may not be correct? We should leave this to the agencies that can enforce 16 .

9% Reduction < 10 NTU < 0.Coli) NON-POTABLE POTABLE < 100 CFU / 100 ml 99. Generally refers to wastes discharged into surface waters”.treated or untreated .4 CODE: Refers to the local written authority 17 . why are we publishing something that may not be correct? We should leave this to the agencies that can enforce there own drinking water standards. If the quality of the effluent water can not consistently be maintained at the minimum levels specified in Table 3.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 4. NOTE: Table 3. Consult state and local guidelines for monitoring requirements. or industrial outfall.2 CERTIFIED: verified compliance to a standard by a certification body that has been accredited by thirdparty as having systems in compliance with ISO/IEC Guide 65.3 NTU ----------------- 99. 4. 4.REASON: Effluent is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as “wastewater .1 ACCREDITED: verification that a certification body meets the requirements of ISO/IEC Guide 65 by a third-party agency operating in compliance with ISO/IEC 17011. d.1 states Note: Monitoring requirements vary greatly from state to state. 4.1 STORED RAINWATER MINIMUM QUALITY STANDARDS INTENDED END USE QUALITY LEVEL PARAMETER Fecal Coliform (e. Guide. Additional definition of terms relevant to the scope of this standard Guide that are not used in the body of the standard Guide are provide in Annex C for informational purposes. The Compact Oxford English Dictionary defines effluent as “liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea” Why are we addressing effluent water in this publication especially in the potable section? TABLE 3.that flows out of a treatment plant. 4.1 the system shall be equipped with an appropriate treatment device meeting applicable NSF/ANSI Standard referenced in Section 2. Consult state and local guidelines for monitoring requirements.99% Reduction Turbidity Viruses and Protozoan Cysts Note: Monitoring requirements vary greatly from state to state. Since there are already guidelines and they vary.3 CISTERN: The central storage component of the rainwater harvesting system. sewer. 2012 there own drinking water standards.0 DEFINITIONS The following terms are defined in the manner in which they are intended to be used in the standard.0 May 29.

nearest to a water consuming plumbing fixture. consisting of a cistern(s). snow.16 RAINWATER: Water from natural precipitation that was not contaminated by use.17 RAINWATER HARVESTING SYSTEM: Water system for utilizing rainwater. 4.9 FLAT: Having a slope no greater than 1 in 50. 4.7. 4.15 QUIESCENT INFLOW: Routing of rainwater into rainwater reservoirs so that the existing sediment is not activated in the rainwater reservoir and an immediate sedimentation of solids is possible.2 CARBON / ABSORPTION FILTRATION: Removes of dissolved compounds measured in units of Total Dissolved Solids (TDS). comprised of roof drains. 4. 4. used to convey the rainwater from the roof surface to the roof washer and the cistern. 4.11 POINT OF USE: A point in a domestic water system. 4.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 2012 4. rain. required for and/or used to harvest and distribute rainwater. dew) 4.13 PRIVATE WATER SYSTEM: System used by less than 25 persons over a 60 day period. 4. pipe.g. or other debris in the system.8 GROUND WATER: Water that saturates into the ground and no longer flows across the surface. needles. overflow drains. Typical units of measure are Colony Forming Units per deca-liter (cfu / dl).10 PIPING SYSTEM: Pipes and components that conveys the harvested rainwater and distributes it to various fixtures.1 PARTICULATE FILTRATION: Removal of suspended particles (measured in units of Total Suspended Solids (TSS) 4. pumps and/or other plumbing appurtenances.7 FILTRATION: Physical removal of liquid-borne contaminants by means of separation from the output flow.0 May 29. where water is used.7. 4.20 ROOF SURFACE: The surface rainwater harvesting systems rely on for the collection of rainwater that has fallen on a building roof. 4. 4.14 PROCESS WATER: Water to be used for household and commercial applications. 4.19 ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM: A system. 4. scuppers. or less than 15 plumbing fixtures contain. mist. 4. 4.5 DEBRIS EXCLUDER: A screen or other device installed on the gutter or down spout system to prevent the accumulation of leaves.21 ROOF WASH OR ROOF WASHER: A device or method for removal of sediment and debris from 18 . fittings.18 RETURN BEND ELBOW: A section of pipe with a 180-degree bend. 4.12 PRECIPITATION: Water that has precipitated from the atmosphere (e.6 DISINFECTION: Reduction of viable micro-organisms to a level that is deemed suitable for the intended application. gutters and down spouts.

22 SCREEN: A filtration device.28 SURFACE WATER: Any rain water that touches the ground and flows across the surface of the ground (roadway.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.26 SUN BARRIERS: A cover. 19 . 4.0 May 29.27 SURFACE IRRIGATION: Water that is applied above ground level and is directly exposed to the above ground surface and/or air. streams etc. or erected structure. creeks.25 SUCTION LINE: Water pump inlet piping. parking surface. 4.24 SLOPE OR SLOPING: Having a slope greater than 1 in 50. gully. 4.) to be termed “surface water”. 4. constructed of corrosion resistant wire or other approved mesh. 4.23 SEDIMENTATION: Separation of solids from the water via gravity. having openings in determined sizes. 4. Also called a First Flush Device 4. 2012 collection surface by diverting initial rainfall from entry into the cistern(s). specifically to shelter a cistern from the direct rays of the sun.

noaa. National Weather Service NWS HYDRO-35: Five to Sixty Minute Precipitation Frequency of the Eastern and Central United States 6. International Code Council International Plumbing Code International Green Construction Code 4. International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials Uniform Plumbing Code Green Plumbing and Mechanical Code Supplement 3.html 20 .Determination of Tensile Creep Behavior 5. ASTM International ASTM B 638: Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics ASTM B 695: Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Plastics ASTM D 1599: Test Method for Resistance to Short-Time Hydraulic Pressure of Plastic Pipe. International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ISO 899: Plastics. Tube and Fittings ASTM D 1600: Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics ASTM E 84: Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials ASTM E 412: Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems 2. 2012 Annex A Additional Relevant Standards / Documents (Informative) 1.ncdc.0 May 29. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Climate Data Center http://www.gov/oa/ncdc.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.

Plumbing-Heating-Cooling-Contractors Association National Standard Plumbing Code 21 .0 May 29. 2012 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Climate Normals 1981 – 2010 7.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.

20 mm = 20. tank should be moved to a heated environment or buried below the frost line. 2012 Annex B Acceptable Piping Schematics (Informative) Figure 1: Potable and / or Nonpotable Water Figure shows an above ground application in a non-freeze environment.000 microns Figure 2: Underground Exterior Cistern for Potable Application. Cisterns shall be provided with a means for draining and cleaning. In an environment where freezing is possible. 2.0 May 29.Ultra-violet disinfection may be used and shall be provided between final filtration (5 micron maximum) and final point of use. 5mm = 5000 micron. This drawing is in violation of the publication it is published in for the following reasons previously described as proposed standards: 1. No method shown.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. as shown in the following details. 22 .

23 .34 lbs / gallon water.) is equal to the volume of the tank (cubic feet) x 62.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.Cisterns shall be provided with a means for draining and cleaning. 5mm = 5000 micron.000 microns RECOMMENDATION: If possible we recommend potable systems have some means of back up water supply to provide water in the event of system failure or low water conditions in the rainwater cistern. 2. No method shown.4 lbs / cubic feet. or tank volume (gallons) x 8. This buoyance force (lbs. 2012 Where carbon filters are used.0 May 29.Ultra-violet disinfection may be used and shall be provided between final filtration (5 micron maximum) and final point of use. it is recommended that the combined weight of the tank and ballast must meet or exceed the buoyancy upward force of an empty cistern. but are recommended to be upstream of Ultraviolet disinfection systems. Where soil saturation is a possibility. they may be put down stream of chlorine and ozone disinfection systems. 20 mm = 20. This drawing is in violation of the publication it is published in for the following reasons: 1.

No method shown.Cisterns shall be provided with a means for draining and cleaning.0 May 29. 24 .Cistern outlets shall be provided with floating inlet to draw water from the cistern just below the water surface or the outlet shall be located at least 10 cm (4 in) above the bottom of the cistern.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. This drawing is in violation of the publication it is published in for the following reasons: 1. Do Not Drink“ are required in a public environment and highly recommended elsewhere. Signage marking water outlets as “Non-Potable. The pipe entering the cistern shall terminate in a return bend elbow pointed upward at the bottom of the tank. 2012 Figure 3: Non-Potable Water This application is suitable for lawn and plant irrigation or process water makeup. or equivalent calming device. 3. 2. Filters to remove particulate may be added to improve water quality or to avoid problems with sprinkler or process devices.Water entering cistern shall be maintained at a quiescent flow in the cistern by minimizing splashing and disturbance of sediment in bottom of cistern.

Cisterns shall be provided with a means for draining and cleaning.Ultra-violet disinfection may be used and shall be provided between final filtration (5 micron maximum) and final point of use.000 microns RECOMMENDATION: If possible we recommend potable systems have some means of back up water supply to provide water in the event of system failure or low water conditions in the rainwater cistern. 25 . No method shown. 20 mm = 20. This drawing is in violation of the publication it is published in for the following reasons: 1.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 2012 Figure 4: Potable and Nonpotable Water Installing a water storage tank in a heated environment is preferred for an installation subject to freezing. 2.0 May 29. 5mm = 5000 micron. Appropriate signage is necessary to label non-potable water outlets.

08" rain x 1000 Square Feet x .3 cm (0. Also called a First Flush Device. medium contamination: Liters = 08" rain x 1000 Square Feet x 2.64 cm nominal (0.) and no smaller than 0. 2012 Roof Washers Roof Washers are commonly used to waste the initial water coming off the collection surface before being allowed to fill the cistern.com for current makes and models of first flush devices.arcsa. The simplest versions involve filling a stand pipe section of piping that contains adequate volume.25 26 . (3) Sample Calculation: 1000 square foot collection surface.20" / 5.8 gallons There are many different styles of roof wash devices that meet specific project criteria and specification.36 liter/ square foot .inch: = 188. but may be varied to reflect actual site and seasonal conditions.0 mm Low Contamination2 .5 in.5mm Notes: (1) High Contamination is considered to have high content of organic debris from animal waste. then overflows into the cistern. ARCSA members can visit the ARCSA web site at www. A short coming of this concept is that it allows mixing from the contaminated pre-wash volume and the water to be saved in the cistern. and / or airborne contamination.inch: = 49. BY DEFINITION IN THIS PUBLICATION: ROOF WASH OR ROOF WASHER: A device or method for removal of sediment and debris from collection surface by diverting initial rainfall from entry into the cistern(s). (See Figure 6).0 May 29.623 gallons / square foot . Figure 5. The debris screen shall be corrosion resistant and shall have openings no larger than 1.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 mm . and / or minimal non toxic contamination. adjacent trees. that once full. DESCRIBED IN THE PUBLICATION The inlet to the roof washer shall be provided with a debris screen that protects the roof washer from the intrusion of waste and vermin. Commonly used roof wash amounts are indicated below. Estimated Roof Contamination Potential High Contamination 1 Medium Contamination .08" / 2. (2) Low Contamination is considered to either have frequent rainfall to keep collection surface clean.02" / .8 liter Gallons = .

Pre-filters which have a self-cleaning design are not required to have the aforementioned debris screen. Once the standpipe is filled with the pre-wash water a floating ball seals off the remaining flow preventing the pre-wash water from being mixed with the remaining flow. 2012 in nominal).) attempts to address the mixing issue by using a stand pipe and floating ball. 27 . The authors of this publication have done an excellent job keeping products product types and product manufacturer’s out of the publication showing an extremely professional approach to not specifying or mentioning any recommended products or product manufacturer.0 May 29. Why would we want to promote one at this point? This is the only reference to a specific device and should be eliminated.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. Another commercially available first flush diverter (See Figure 7.

Other commercially available combination pre-filter and roof wash devices are available to help maintain the water quality of the rainwater harvesting system.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 28 . In both cases provision for complete system draining should be provided if freezing potential exists. This device has a drain at the bottom that allows diverted water to slowly drain after each rainfall event and a clean-out plug to clean out any accumulated debris. 2012 The remaining rainfall is then diverted to the cistern.0 May 29.

4 (6.0) 5 (4.5) The volume of pre-wash for a nominal 6" (6. 2012 The volume of pre-wash for a nominal 4" (4.7 (1.5) 3 (.7) 15 (4.6) 28.6) 38.0 May 29.5 (3.4 (7. Figure 8.046 inch actual) diameter PVC pipe can be determined as follows in Figure 8a.3) 5.5) 10 (3. 4" PVC Pipe Storage Volume Length : feet (meters) Volume: liters (gallons) 1 (.9) 7.9) 17.6 (2.7) 3 (. Figure 8a.3) 2.5) 5 (4.0) 15 (4.1 (10.0) 56.3) 10 (3.0 (4.5) End of Section 29 .6) 85.0) 25.8 (15.6 (.065 inch actual) diameter PVC pipe can be seen in Figure 8b.2 (22.6) 12.b 6" PVC Pipe Storage Volume Length : feet (meters) Volume: liters (gallons) 1 (.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.

PROCESS WATER LINE: System of lines from the process water pump to the individual points at which water is drawn.g.g. OVERFLOW LEVEL: The highest level that water from a drainage system can rise. EVAPORATION FIELD: Element in the ground that is filled with gravel. roof area). AUXILIARY SUPPLY: Water supply that is arranged and protected from contamination that is available to provide an alternate means of filling a cistern. industrial or irrigation application. CALMING INLET: A device that permits water to enter a storage tank with minimal disturbance to particles that may have settled to bottom of the tank.g. MINIMUM WATER VOLUME: Recoverable water volume that is constrained by the process such that neither sediment nor scum can be sucked into the deliverable water. 2012 Annex C Reference Definitions (Informative) The following terms are commonly used in the rainwater catchment system industry and the definitions are provided for informational purposes. ballast or special permeable plastic elements and that stores rainwater that is fed into it on an intermediate basis before the water seeps into the surrounding soil. LEACH FIELD. PROCESS WATER REQUIREMENTS: Planning value for the process water amount that is expected to be required in a specified period of time. 30 . OVERFLOW LINE: Line for leading away rainwater when the rainwater reservoir is full. See Quiescent Flow. COLLECTION AREA: Area from which rainwater is collected for use in a rainwater harvesting system (e. ballast or special non-permeable plastic elements and that stores rainwater that is fed into it on an intermediate basis before the water evaporates into the atmosphere or seeps into the surrounding soil. intensity. duration). e. DRY RUN PROTECTION: System for protecting the water pump against running dry. PROCESS WATER PUMP: Pumps process water from the rainwater reservoir to the points at which it is drawn. non-potable. PRECIPITATION CHARACTERISTICS: Characteristics of a precipitation event (e.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. FIRE SPRINKLER RESERVE: Volume of water needed for fire protection that is not available for any other use and accessible only by the fire pump HARVESTED WATER: Process water system for utilizing rainwater for potable. EVAPORATION / TRANSPIRATION FIELD: Element in the ground that is filled with gravel. into the storm drain system or seepage system.0 May 29.

splashing.90 of storage volume). YIELD COEFFICIENT: Ratio of the rainwater annually flowing into the rainwater harvesting system to the total amount of rainwater in the accompanying precipitation area ..80 . expressed as the water height over a horizontal area for a span of time under consideration.. RAINWATER YIELD: Net water volume (water inflow). (Typically . 31 . SUPPLEMENTAL SUPPLY: Equipment for providing a supplemental supply of drinking water or non-drinking water into process water systems.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29. and is not directly exposed to the above ground surface and/or surrounding air. SUB-SURFACE IRRIGATION: Water that is applied below ground level.90). QUANTITY OF PRECIPITATION: Precipitation at a certain place. available for use as process water.75 . overflow and emptying lines of a rainwater harvesting system. determined over a certain period of time. Typically this is approximately 80% of theoretical collectable rainwater. SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT: Control unit for the automatic operation of the rainwater harvesting system. etc. RAINWATER LINE: Supply. USEFUL VOLUME: Volume that can be completely used during operation (Typically . evaporation. drainage. 2012 PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM: System that is used by 25 or more different persons over a 60 day period. allowing for leakage. TRANSFER PUMP: A mechanical device to transfer collected water from down spouts to remote cisterns.

2012 Annex D Example of a Maintenance Form (Informative) 32 .ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29.

91 3 152.org. showers. An example of how to estimate water demand is shown as follows: Residential Indoor Water Use Fixture Toilets Shower (based on 2.31 1.809 Household Total Yearly demand ( L) 33.83 14.37 37.5 gal/min) Faucets (based on 2.1 1.028 36. 2012 Annex E CALCULATION PROCEDURE (Informational) Step 1: Estimate demand: Interior Water Requirement*: On average.45 3.arcsa. Amherst.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.70 3 5.626 55.823 3 99. 2001. visit the ARCSA website at: www. and using passive rainwater techniques. Waterplow Press. Water demand can be minimized by using water efficient water fixtures.89 3 1.469 50. plant size.82 3 113.70 4.90 3.437 41.66 8.6 5.866 0.0 May 29. a conserving American household uses 45. clothes washers.2 gallons per person/day to operate toilets.2001) (gal/use) Clothes washer (1998 .409 463.3 33. Supplemental irrigation water requirements can be greatly reduced by the use of 3 inches or more of top mulch. Because plant water needs vary greatly depending on soils. it is recommended that a calculator for your region be referenced.5 27 Number of people in household Total Demand Household Total Daily Demand/ ( L) *Source: "Handbook of Water Use and Conservation" Amy Vickers. MA.11 155 1.5 gal/min) Dishwasher (1997.67 Household Total Monthly demand ( L) 2. etc.2001) (gal/use) 92. ISBN I931579-07-5 ** Actual Flow (MFR) Irrigation Water Requirement: Water used to irrigate landscaping often equals or exceeds interior water use. climate.055 169. selecting native plants or plants that thrive in regions with similar climate. and other water -using fixtures and appliances.1 4.300 Flow Rate (per use or min) ** Average # uses/day or min/day per person Daily Demand/ person ( L) 1.733 0. 33 .66 5.1 30. For calculators. sinks.

yearly.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29. is described as follows: Surface Area (Square Feet) = Demand (Gallons) / 0. South Australian Department of Environment.J. B is the loss associated with adsorption and wetting of surfaces and a value of . (1980). Step 3: Sizing the Storage (Adapted from Martin. Rainfall should be expressed in Inches and Roof Area in Square Feet The maximum volumes of rainwater that can be collected from various areas of roof and at a range of average annual rainfalls are shown in Appendix III. Supply aspects of domestic rainwater tanks.80 – 0.85. • • Precipitation Density period consistent with time period being considered (monthly. The tank needs to be large enough to ensure that: 1.85 (i. roof composition. The volume of water in the tank will be sufficient to meet demand during the drier months or through periods of low or no rainfall.e. 80-85% efficiency) have been used. 1 inch of water covering 1 square foot of surface area = 2. etc. 34 . evaporation. Roof coefficients are approximately 0. The next step is to calculate the size of the tank.623 (gallons / square foot / inch) conversion factor = 7. etc. Martin. not the actual roof). 2.623 gallons) • Surface area is horizontal projection of roof surface and not actual surface area (measure the area the roof covers. based on the needed water volume. such as roof area.48 (gallons / cubic foot) / 12 (inches per foot). Adelaide. 2012 Step 2: Sizing the Collection System The collection surface is often dictated by architectural constraints. This information should only be used as an initial guide. T. etc) This coefficient accounts for collection system loss from leakage.0 inches per year) has been used (e. The required volume of water can be collected and stored in the tank.358 L (0.80-0.623 x Precipitation Density (inches) x system efficiency Note: • 0.g. The amount of surface area.B) x Roof Area A is the efficiency of collection and values of 0. If the maximum volumes are less than the annual water demand then either the catchment area will need to be increased or water demand will need to be reduced. 1980).) Once the area of roof catchment has been determined and the average rainfall has been established the maximum amount of rain that can be collected can be calculated using the formula: Run-off (Gallons) = A x (Rainfall .08 inches per month (2.

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. the maximum water that can be collected from a roof area of 20 square feet with a monthly rainfall of 4. the tank should be large enough so that Vt is never negative. the higher the cost of the tank. the greater the security of meeting water demand when rainfalls are below average or when dry periods are longer than normal. If after any month Vt exceeds the volume of the tank then water will be lost to overflow. Starting with the tank empty then Vt-1 = 0. If water demand is to be met throughout the month. 2012 The simplest way of checking a tank size estimated to provide water throughout an average year is to use monthly rainfall data and to assume that at the start of the wetter months the tank is empty. 35 . B = . Run-off should be calculated as discussed above (A = 0. Tank size is not necessarily based on collecting total roof run-off. Calculations should be repeated using various tank sizes until Vt is 0 at the end of every month. Providing the calculated annual run-off exceeds the annual water demand.80. going back through the calculation modifying surface area and the cistern storage capacity is recommended. The greater the values of Vt over the whole year.08 inches). For example. will be about 40 gallons.0 May 29.Demand) Vt = theoretical volume of water remaining in the tank at the end of the month V t-1 = volume of water left in the tank from the previous month. The greater the security. some overflow may occur while demand is still met. Step 4: System Adjustment To optimize performance and cost. If the water demand is less than this. If Vt is ever a negative figure then demand exceeds the available water. The following formula should then be used for each month: Vt = V t-1 + (Run-off . Vt will only be negative if periodical overflows reduce the amount of water collected so that it is less than the demand.0 inches.

0 May 29.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 2012 Annex F Average Rainfall Data (Informational) .

0 May 29. 2012 .ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29. 2012 .

2012 .ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29.

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 2012 .0 May 29.

2012 .0 May 29.ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2. 2012 .0 May 29.

0 May 29. 2012 .ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29. 2012 .

ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29. 2012 .

2012 .ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.0 May 29.

0 May 29. 2012 .ARCSA/ASPE Standard 63 Rainwater Catchment Systems Draft 2.