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252523433.xls.

ms_office

Abdulrahman Alhabshi, EIT

Texas Tech University

This spreadsheet was developed based on the Method presented in Publication No. FHWA A-RD-89-193 by Elias and Juran (June 1991)
Please use this spreadsheet along with Charts provided in the above report

Prepared by:

Abdulrahman Alhabshi

Title

Example FHWA-RD-89-193

Units

EN

Soil Characteristics
Soil Type
Ultimate Bond Stress (pullout), Fl

17.5 - 34.5
psi

Select Fl
g
fu

26
120
36

cu

180

psi
pcf

3744

lbs/ft2

for Dg = 5

in

psf

Wall Geometry
H
Face Batter, h
Back Slope, b
Broken Slope

40
0
0
No
No

ft
0
0

SV

SH

ft

Soil Nail Inclination, a

Drill Hole Diameter, Dg
Bar #

15
5
8

ft

in
Db [in]

Material Properties
Yield strength of steel nails, fy
Steel Modulus of Elasticity
Shotcrete compressive strength, fc'
Grout compressive strength, fc'

60,000
2.90E+07
4000

psi
psi
psi

3000

psi

Design Requirements
FOS for soil strength properties
FOS for pullout (Fp)

1.2
2.0

1.0

Allowable steel stress, 0.55 fya

33000

psi

1/4

1.00

A [in2]

0.79

252523433.xls.ms_office

Determine length of nails based on global stability

(a) determine factored soil strength:
Ff = Fc

Group I
1.2

fD = tan-1(tanfu/Ff)

31.2

cD = cU/Fc

150.0

cD = cU/(Fc gH)

0.031

Fld = Fl / Fp

1872

lbs/ft2
lbs/ft2

From charts on figures 32-35 (pp108-111) *

m = (Fl/Fp) Dg / (g SH Sv)
From charts L/H =
L = (L/H) x H

0.260
0.72
28.8

* Source FHWA-RD-89-193

f=

36

ft

Determine length of nails based on local stability

required nail length to satisfy pull-out failure criteria
I = p Db4/64
4.91E-02
EI

1.4E+06

in^4

4500

k-ft2
(t/m3)

13.61

in

Non-dimensional bending stiffness, N

0.256

cD (t/m2) =

0.734

kh =

286,650

pcf

N = Kh Db Lo2 / g H SvSH

From charts in appendix B interpolate, pp145

TN
TS
S/H
m = Fl Dg / g Sv SH
L/H S/H + Fp (TN/p m)
Local stability is satisfied , use L/H =

0.16
0.033
0.410
0.520
0.606
0.72

Thus, L req =
and L =

24.24
28.8

ft
ft

Design nail section

(a) determine required section with respect to breakage failure criterion
0.217
2
2 1/2
K eq = [TN + 4TS ]
0.173
K lim > Keq, Calculate As min
As min = Keq g H SvSH/ fya
0.629
in^2
K lim = fya As / g H Sv SH

(b) check excessive bending criterion

Plastic Moment capacity, Mp

3416.56

(Mp/Lo) / (g H Sv SH)
Mmax from "p-y" analysis = 0.32 SFm TS

lb-ft

0.025
0.011

Mp > Mmax, minimum grout cover is satisfied

2/4

K = 0.4244

252523433.xls.ms_office

Facing Design
Tface = 0.75 TN g SH Sv H

14.4

kips

3.97

k-ft

1.70

k-ft

(between nails)

(a) shotcrete thickness, d

d = (1.49 Mmax )1/2 (ultimate strenght)

2.43

in + 2 in cover =

4.4

in

d = (Mmax / 0.253 )1/2 (working stress)

3.96

in + 2 in cover =

6.0

in

0.67

in^2 /ft

0.29

in^2/ft

(between nails)

0.45
0.19

in2/ft
in2/ft

(at nail)
(between nails)

(b) steel requirements

at nail
As req = 1.4 Mn / (0.9 fy (d - 0.735 As)
As req = 1.4 Mn / (0.9 fy (d - 0.735 As)
Working stress
As = M / [0.8953 fy d]
As = M / [0.8953 fy d]

Q(X X
)

Bar #

L=X
X +X +XT x XT Q(X )

3/4

A [in2]

0.79

X1 =

b=

h=

H=

SV =

a=

X2 =

g=
f=
c=