Topics of Focus:

Histogram
Benchmarks :
6.SP
4. Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box
plots.
6.SP
5c. Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by giving quantitative
measures of center (median and/or mean) and variability (interquartile range and/or mean
absolute deviation), as well as describing any overall pattern and any striking deviations from
the overall pattern with reference to the context in which the data were gathered.
8.SP
1. Construct and interpret scatter plots for bivariate measurement data to investigate patterns of
association between two quantities. Describe patterns such as clustering, outliers, positive or
negative association, linear association, and nonlinear association.
8.SP
2. Know that straight lines are widely used to model relationships between two quantitative
variables. For scatter plots that suggest a linear association, informally fit a straight line, and
informally assess the model fit by judging the closeness of the data points to the line.
8.SP
3. Use the equation of a linear model to solve problems in the context of bivariate measurement
data, interpreting the slope and intercept.
8.SP
4. Understand that patterns of association can also be seen in bivariate categorical data by
displaying frequencies and relative frequencies in a twoway table. Construct and interpret a
twoway table summarizing data on two categorical variables collected from the same subjects.
Interpreting Categorical
and Quantitative Data
SID
1. Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots).
Interpreting Categorical
and Quantitative Data
SID
6. Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables
are related.
Procedures:
A.) Student will use US President Data to complete He Entered a Young Man.
B.) Student will use US President Data to complete Oval Office Analysis.
C.) Student will use US President Data to complete Presidential Inquiry.
Data of US Presidents
Name
State
of Birth
Term
Age at
Inauguration
Age at Death
Number of
Sons
Number of
Daughters
Washington
Adams
Jefferson
Madison
Monroe
JQ Adams
Jackson
Van Buren
W Harrison
Tyler
Polk
Taylor
Fillmore
Pierce
Buchanan
Lincoln
A Johnson
Grant
Hayes
Garfield
Arthur
Cleveland*
B Harrison
McKinley
T Roosevelt
Taft
Wilson
Harding
Coolidge
Hoover
F Roosevelt
Truman
Eisenhower
Kennedy
LB Johnson
Nixon
Ford
Carter
Reagan
GHW Bush
Clinton
GW Bush
Obama
VA
MA
VA
VA
VA
MA
SC
NY
VA
VA
NC
VA
NY
NH
PA
KY
NC
OH
OH
OH
VT
NJ
OH
OH
NY
OH
VA
OH
VT
IA
NY
MO
TX
MA
TX
CA
NB
GA
IL
MA
AR
CO
HA
17891797
17971801
18011809
18091817
18171825
18251829
18291837
18371841
1841
18411845
18451849
18491850
18501853
18531857
18571861
18611865
18651869
18691877
18771881
1881
18811885
188589, 189397
18891893
18971901
19011909
19091913
19131921
19211923
19231929
19291933
19331945
19451953
19531961
19611963
19631969
19691974
19741977
19771981
19811989
19891993
19932001
20012009
2009
57
61
57
57
58
57
61
54
68
51
49
64
50
48
65
52
56
46
54
49
50
47
55
54
42
51
56
55
51
54
51
60
62
43
55
56
61
52
69
64
46
54
47
67
90
83
85
73
80
78
79
68
71
53
65
74
64
77
56
66
63
70
49
56
71
67
58
60
72
67
57
60
90
63
88
78
46
64
81
93
93

0
3
1
0
0
3
0
4
6
8
0
1
1
3
0
4
3
3
7
5
2
2
1
0
4
2
0
0
2
2
5
0
2
2
0
0
3
3
2
4
0
0
0
0
2
5
0
2
1
0
0
4
6
0
5
1
0
0
0
2
1
1
2
1
3
2
2
2
1
3
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
1
2
2
1.
What is the median of the ages of the US President at the time of their inauguration?
2.
What is the age of the youngest US President at the time of their inauguration?
3.
What is the age of the oldest US President at the time of their inauguration?
4.
What is the upper quartile age of the US Presidents at the time of their inauguration?
5.
The interquartile is the term used to describe the middle 50%. This is the data between the upper and
lower quartiles. What is the age range of Presidents in the interquartile?
6.
Analyze the results of your investigation and draw at least three conclusions.
Mean
Median
Mode
Range
Age of Presidents
2.
3.
Using the below interval for the age of the presidents at their inauguration (xaxis), tally the number of
presidents falling into each group  these are the frequencies (yaxis).
Age at
Inauguration
4044
4549
5054
5559
6064
6570
Frequency
4.
Construct a histogram by making a bar graph with no spaces between bars of the frequency for each
interval as categorized in the table above. It is important that the bars are touching.
5.
Compare the distribution of the data to the normal distribution. How well do they match up?
What are the differences, if any?
6.
Using the data on the age of death, find the five number summaries, and construct a boxandwhiskers plot.
7.
Using the below interval for the age of the presidents at their death(xaxis), tally the number of presidents
falling into each group  these are the frequencies (yaxis).
Age at
Death
4049
5059
6069
7079
8089
9099
Frequency
8.
Construct a histogram of the frequency for each rating as categorized in the table above.
Presidential Inquiry
Inquiring minds may ask . . .
Do US Presidents with the most children live longer
after they have been inaugurated?
In this activity, you will use the US President Data and the notion of correlation of bivariate data to
determine if a relationship exists between the age of Presidents number of children and their longevity after
inauguration. Recall that data variables can have strong correlation, weak correlation, or no correlation.
Before the data can be analyzed, you must first determine which data to use and what you need to do with
the data in order to begin answering the question. The questions below will get you thinking on the right
track.
1.
2.
Make a scatterplot and label your axes. Recall that the dependent variable goes on the yaxis and the
independent variable goes on the xaxis.
3.
Analyze your scatterplot. Are the points clustered together? Are they scattered out, showing no definite trend?
Determine the correlation (weak, strong, or none).
Math it Up.
Boomdiggy.
21st Century Math Projects
KEY
Name:
Make a parallel boxandwhisker plot by hand of the ages of the US Presidents at the
time of their inauguration. Use the boxandwhisker plot to answer the following
questions.
40
45
50
55
60
65
70
75
1.
What is the median of the ages of the US President at the time of their inauguration?
54
2.
What is the age of the youngest US President at the time of their inauguration?
42 (Teddy Roosevelt)
3.
What is the age of the oldest US President at the time of their inauguration?
69 (Ronald Reagen)
4.
What is the upper quartile age of the US Presidents at the time of their inauguration?
58
5.
The interquartile is the term used to describe the middle 50%. This is the data between the upper and lower
quartiles. What is the age range of Presidents in the interquartile?
5058
6.
Analyze the results of your investigation and draw at least three conclusions.
Name:
Age of Presidents
2.
3.
Median
54
Mode
54
Range
27
2, 3, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 9, 9
0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 4, 4, 4, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8
0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 4, 4, 5, 8, 9
Using the below interval for the age of the presidents at their inauguration (xaxis), tally the number of
presidents falling into each group  these are the frequencies (yaxis).
Age at
Inauguration
Frequency
4.
Mean
54.62
4044
4549
5054
5559
6064
6570
13
11
Construct a histogram by making a bar graph with no spaces between bars of the frequency for each interval
as categorized in the table above. It is important that the bars are touching.
20
15
10
5.
Compare the distribution of the data to the normal distribution. How well do they match up?
What are the differences, if any?
6.
Using the data on the age of death, find the five number summaries, and construct a boxandwhiskers plot.
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
46
LQ
63
Med
69
UQ
79
Max
93
Using the below interval for the age of the presidents at their death(xaxis), tally the number of presidents
falling into each group  these are the frequencies (yaxis).
Age at
Death
Frequency
8.
Min
4049
2
5059
5
6069
12
7079
8089
9099
10
Construct a histogram of the frequency for each rating as categorized in the table above.
20
15
10
Presidential Inquiry
Name:
2.
Make a scatterplot and label your axes. Recall that the dependent variable goes on the yaxis and the
independent variable goes on the xaxis.
From Excel.
3.
10
12
14
16
Analyze your scatterplot. Are the points clustered together? Are they scattered out, showing no definite trend?
Determine the correlation (weak, strong, or none).
There appears to be no correlation between the number of children and the years between inauguration and death.
4.