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AP Physics Statics Practice Test

Answers: A,B,A,E,D,A,A,B,B,E,B,E 13. (a) R, (b) 0.78, (c) 3.8, (d) 5.63 14. (b) 882, (c) 151, (d) 0.17
Directions: Answer the multiple choice questions in the space provided, 2 points each. Answer the
written problems on this sheet. Show all of your work for the most credit. Use g = 9.8 m/s2. Circle
page number 2 for 2 points.
_____1. Determine the x and y components of F3 so that the horizontal system shown below is in static
equilibrium.
+Y

F2 =100N

F1 =60N

20o

35o
+X

A. F3x = 44.8 N, F3y = -68.6 N.


B. F3x = 143.1 N, F3y = -68.6 N.
C. F3x = -68.6 N, F3y = 44.8 N.
D. F3x = -44.8 N, F3y = 68.6 N.
E. F3x = 44.8 N, F3y = -143.1 N.
_____2. For the wheel-and-axle system shown below right, which of the
following expresses the condition required for the system to be in
static equilibrium?
(A) m1 = m2
(B) am1 = bm2
(C) am2 = bm1
2
2 2
2
2
(D) a ml = b m
(E) b m1 = a m2

_____3. A square piece of plywood on a horizontal tabletop is subjected to the two horizontal forces
shown above. Where should a third force of magnitude 5 newtons be applied to put the piece of
plywood into equilibrium?

_____4. Calculate the x and y coordinates of the center of mass of the system of particles shown
below. M1 = 5.6 kg, M2 = 8.1 kg, M3 = 2.3 kg
A. x = 2.30 m, y = 2.96 m
B. x = 2.26 m, y = 3.01 m
C. x = 2.21 m, y = 3.06 m
D. x = 2.17 m, y = 2.91 m
E. x = 2.29 m, y = 3.13 m

_____ 5. A 100-newton weight is suspended by two cords as shown in the figure below. The tension in
the slanted cord is
(A) 50 N
(B) 100 N
(C) 150 N
( D) 200 N
(E) 250 N

_____ 6. A piece of wire of uniform cross section is bent in the shape shown above. What are the
coordinates
( x , y) of the center of mass?
(A) (15/14, 6/7)
(B) (6/7, 6/7)
(C) (15/14, 8/7)
(D) (1,1)
(E) (1,6/7)
2

_____7. The diagram below depicts a system in static equilibrium. 1 = 35o, 2 = 65o, and M = 262
kg. The tension T1 is most nearly

!1
T1

!2
T2
M

A. 1101.8 N.
B. 568.4 N.
C. 441.6 N.
D. 2135.7 N.
E. 922.6 N.
_____8. The tension T2 in the above problem is most nearly
A. 1416.7 N.
B. 2135.7 N.
C. 568.4 N.
D. 1101.8 N.
E. 855.9 N.

_____ 9. A block of mass 5 kilograms lies on an inclined plane, as shown below. The horizontal and
vertical supports for the plane have lengths of 4 meters and 3 meters, respectively. The coefficient
of friction between the plane and the block is 0.3. The magnitude of the force F necessary to pull
the block up the plane with constant speed is most nearly
(A) 30 N
(B) 42 N
(C) 49 N
(D) 50 N
(E) 58 N

_____10. A rod of negligible mass is pivoted at a point that is off-center, so that length l 1 is different
from length l2. The figures above show two cases in which masses are suspended from the ends of
the rod. In each case the unknown mass m is balanced by a known mass, M1 or M2, so that the rod
remains horizontal. What is the value of m in terms of the known masses?
(A) Ml + M2
(B) (Ml + M2)
(C) Ml
M2
(D) M1M2 (E) M1 M 2

_____11. Calculate the mass M1 for the system shown below to be balanced. L1 = 3.0 m, L2 = 1.5 m,
L3 = 3.5 m, M2 = 45 kg, M3 = 28 kg. The mass of the board is 80 kg, the length of the board is 8 m,
and L3 is measured from the fulcrum to the right end of the board.

L3
M1

L1

L2

M2

A. 25.0 kg.
B. 41.8 kg.
C. 55.2 kg.
D. 125.5 kg.
E. 165.5 kg.
______12. The Normal force of the fulcrum on the board in the above problem is
A. 1744 N.
B. 1500 N.
C. 1125 N.
D. 2040 N.
E. 1909 N.

M3

13. (10 Points) Two identical 30 kg beams are attached to a hinge on the wall. A cable is attached to
the end of each beam so that it is in static equilibrium as shown below. Each beam is 2 m long.
1
A = 35o, B = 20o, and C = 50o The rotational inertia of the rod about its end is ml 2 .
3

(a) Predict which cable will have the greatest tension, the cable on the left or on the right? Justify your
answer.

(b) Solve for the ratio of the cable tension on the left beam to the cable tension on the right beam.

(c) The cable on the left is severed and the beam starts to swing. What is its angular velocity when it is
in a vertical position?

(d) The cable on the right is severed. What is the initial angular acceleration of the beam?

14. (10 Points) A ladder is leaning against a frictionless wall as shown below. The ladder has a mass of
30 kg and is 5 m long. A 60 kg person is 1.5 m from the bottom of the ladder. You must show all your
work for credit.
(a) Draw a free-body diagram of the ladder and draw and label all the forces acting on it.

(b) Solve for the normal force of the ground on the ladder.

(c) Solve the force of the wall on the ladder.

(d) Solve for minimum coefficient of static friction between the ladder and the ground for the system
to be in static equilibrium.