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:

B.E. - INTERNAL EXAMINATION II, SEPTEMBER 2014

Semester

: THIRD

Department: Mech

Subject Code & Title : ME 6301 Engineering Thermodynamics

Date: 24.09.2014

Time

: 3 hours

Maximum: 100 marks

Answer ALL questions

Part A (10 x 2 = 20 marks)

1. What do you understand by pure substance? Give some typical examples.

2. Plot the standard Rankine cycle on T-s diagram and label all the processes assuming the steam to be

dry and saturated at the end of expansion.

3. How is triple point represented in the P-T diagram?

4. Define quality of steam. What are the methods of determining quality of steam?

5. What is the effect of reheat on the cycle efficiency?

6. What is thermodynamic wet bulb temperature?

7. What is relative humidity?

8. Explain the terms (a) Specific humidity (b) Dew point temperature.

9. State Daltons law of partial pressure.

10. State Gibbs function.

Part B (5 x 16 = 80 marks)

11. (a) One kg of steam at 10 bar exists at the following conditions (i) wet and 0.8 dry (ii) dry

and saturated and (iii) at a temperature of 199.9C. Determine the enthalpy, specific volume,

density, internal energy and entropy in each case. Take cps = 2.25 kJ/kgK.

Or

(b) i) Draw the p-T diagram of a pure substance and label all the phases and phase changes.

ii) What do you understand by dryness fraction? What is its importance?

(4)

(2)

iii) A rigid tank of .003 m3 capacity contains wet vapour at 80 k pa. If the wet vapour mass is

12kg, calculate the heat added and the quality of the mixture when the pressure inside the tank reaches

7 M pa.

(10)

12. (a) Consider a steam power plant operating on the ideal Rankine cycle. Steam enters the turbine at

3MPa and 623 K and is condensed in the condenser at a pressure of 10 kPa. Determine (i) the thermal

efficiency of this power plant, (ii) the thermal efficiency if steam is superheated to 873 K instead of

623K, and (iii) the thermal efficiency if the boiler pressure is raised to 15 MPa while the turbine inlet

temperature js maintained at 873 K.

(16)

Or

(b) Steam at 20bar,3600c is expanded in a steam turbine to 0.08bar.it then enters a condenser,

where it is condenser, where it is condensed to saturated liquid water .the pump feeds back the water

into the boiler (a) assuming ideal processes, find per kg of steam the network and the cycle efficiency.

(b) if the turbine and the pump have each 80%efficiency,find the percentage reduction in the network

and cycle efficiency

13. (a) (i)Briefly explain the process of super-heated steam formation with the help of T-s diagram.(6)

(ii) A steam power plant runs on a single regenerative heating process. The steam enters the

turbine at 30 bar and 400C and steam fraction is withdrawn at 5 bar. The remaining steam exhausts at

0.10 bar to the condenser. Calculate the efficiency, steam fraction and steam rate of the power plant.

Neglect pump work.

(6 + 2 + 2)

Or

(b) (i) Differentiate between Dry bulb temperature and wet bulb temperature.

(ii) Wet bulb depression and dew point expression.

(4)

(4)

(iii) Air a 16 C and 25% relative humidity passes through a heater and then through a

humidifier to reach and final dry bulb temperature of 30 C and 50% relative humidity. Calculate

the heat and moisture added to the air. What is the sensible heat factor?

(8)

14. (a) (i) In an adiabatic missing of two streams, drive the relationship among the ratio of

masses of streams, ratio of enthalpy change and ratio of specific humidity change.

(8)

(ii) Saturated air at 20 C at a rate of 1.167 m 3/sec is mixed adiabatically with the

outside air at 35 C and 50% relative humidity at a rate 0.5 m 3/sec.

Assuming adiabatic

mixing condition at 1atm, determine specific humidity, relative humidity, and dry bulb temperature

and volume flow rate of the mixture.

(8)

Or

(b) Atmospheric air at 1.013bar has a DBT of 32 0c and a WBT of 260c .compute i)the partial

pressure of water vapour .ii)the specific humidity iii)the dew point temperature. iv) Relative humidity.

v) The degree of saturation vi) the density of air in the mixture. vii) The density of vapour in the

mixture. viii) The enthalpy of the mixture use thermodynamic table only.

15.(a) A closed vessel has a capacity of 0.5m 3 .it contains 20%nitrogen and 20% oxygen ,

60%carbondioxide by volume at 200c and 1Mpa .calculate the molar mass ,gas constant, mass

percentage and the mass of the mixtures

Or

(b) A room 7mx4mx4m is occupied by an air water vapour mixture at 38C. The atmospheric

pressure is 1 bar and the relative humidity is 70%. Determine humidity ratio, dew point temperature

mass of dry air and mass of water vapour. If the mixture of air-water vapour is further cooled at

constant pressure until the temperature is 10C. Find the amount of water vapour condensed.

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