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Project Reducer

BELU MIHAI 1711 AE

1. Project input
1.1. Turation n=708 rot/min
1.2. Torsion moment : -moving shaft :
-entrance shaft :

-exit shaft :

1.3. Gear ratio


1.4. Minimum working time
1.5. Functioning conditions : with medium shocks
1.6. Theeth loading cycles : - contact loading : pulsating cycle
- at bending : ciclu pulsator
1.7. Nr of cycles of loading the flank of the theeth at full rotation,
wheel
1.8. Reference rack profile : for enclined teeth

for the driving wheel,

2. Choosing material, treatments applied and limit tension


2.1. Choosing steel for the two wheels and hardness : 19MoCr11

r .1, 2 1300Mpa
o 2.1, 2 750Mpa

HRC=58

2.2. Limit tensions , at contact and bending :


Class quality MQ

H lim 1, 2 1500 Mpa

F lim 1, 2 550 Mpa


3. PREDIMENSIONING CALCULUS
3.1. Theeth number z 1 of driving wheel, respectively z 2 of the driven wheel
(
It is adopted z1=17 dinti
it is adopted z2=95 dinti

ptr

3.2. Real gear ratio u

u=0,03
udat=ir
3.3. Contact calculus factors
3.3.1. Elasticity factor of the gears materials

3.3.2. Contact zone factor ZH


ZH=2,49*

3.3.3. Covering grade factor Z

for enclined theeth


3.3.4. Enclined theeth factor Z

3.4. Bending calculus factors


3.4.1. Equivalent gears wheel number zn1,2

3.4.2. Profile moving coefficients in normal plane


Xn1,2=0
3.4.3. Theeth shape factor YFa1,2
(
)
(
)
3.4.4. Tension at base of the theeth correction factors YSa1,2
(
)
(
)
3.4.5. Covering grade factor Y

for enclined theeth


3.4.6. Enclination factor Y

3.5. Load correction factors


3.5.1. Working regime factor KA
KA=1.35
3.5.2. Dinamic factor K
K=1,1
3.5.3. Factorii de repartizare neuniforma a sarcinii pe latimea danturii, pentru solicitarea la
contact si ptr solicitarea la incovoiere

K H 1,4

K F 1,3

3.5.4. Factorii de repartizare neuniforma a sarcinii in plan frontal ptr solicitarea la contact
si si solicitarea la incovoiere

3.6. Rezistentele admisibile, ptr solicitarea la contact, respectiv ptr solicitarea la incovoiere

3.6.1.
3.6.2.
3.6.3.
3.6.4.
3.6.5.

(
)
Factorii ptr calcul de predimensionare
Factorul de lubrifiere ZL , Factorul de viteza ZV, Factorul de rugozitate ZR
ZLZVZR=1,0 ptr roti dintate rectificate sau severuite cu Ra0,4m
Factorul cuplului de materiale Zw
Zw=1,0
Factorul de marime Zx
Zx=1,0
Factorii de durabilitate la solicitarile de contact ptr pinion si ptr roata condusa

3.6.6. Coeficientul minim de siguranta la solicitarea la contact


3.6.7. Rezistentele admisibile ptr solicitarea la incovoiere

3.6.8. Factorii ptr calculul de predimensionare


Factorul de corectie a tensiunii de incovoiere
YST=2.0
Factorul relativ de sensibilitate la concentrarea de tensiuni de la piciorul dintelui ptr
pinion si roata
Y1,2=1
Factorul relativ al rugozitatii zonei de racordare de la piciorul dintelui ptr pinion si
roata
YR1,2=1,0 ptr Ra3,2
Factorul de marime
Yx=1
Factorii de durabilitate la solicitarea de incovoiere ptr pinion si roata condusa
YN1=1,05
YN2-1,1
Coeficientul minim de siguranta la solicitarea de incovoiere
SFmin=1.5
3.7. Distanta dintre axe la predimensionare
3.7.1. Coeficientii de latime

3.7.2. Distanta dintre axe din conditia de rezistenta la solicitarea de contact


(

(
)
3.7.3. Distanta dintre axe din conditia de rezistenta la solicitarea de incovoiere

3.7.4. Adoptarea dinstantei dintre axe la predimensionare


aw=max(awH;aWF)=max(105,65 ; 52,64)=105,65
Se adopta din STAS 6055 aw=112 mm
3.7.5. Latimile preliminare ale rotilor

3.8. Theet modulus mn, mm

Se alege mn=2

4. Calculul de predimensionare a arborilor de intrare i de ieire


Arborele de intrare

d1 3

M t1
74187,8
3
29,13 mm
0,2 at
0,2 15

at 15 MPa
Arborele de ieire

d2 3

Mt2

at

531778.1
38,94mm
0,2 45

at 45 MPa
Se adopta d1 = 30 mm si d2=40 mm

Parameter

Center distance
Reference center distance
Normal Module
Frontal Module
Helix angle
Helix angle on the base circle
Frontal pressure angle
Gearing angle
Frontal
Normal
Total addendum correction
Coefficient, in normal plane
Contact
frontal
Degree
Helical
Total
Speed on the pitch circle
Precission
Lubricant viscosity
Roughness
Active profile
Fillet(root)

Gear
Pinion
Wheel
GEAR PARAMETERS
aw =
112
mm
a= 113.72778 mm
mn=2
mt=0.00000
=10.00 grade
b = 9.39129 grade
t= 20.28356 grade
wt = 17.73823 grade
wn =17.49275 grade
xsn=-0.81309

a= 1,81
= 1.08
y=2.90
v=1.28 m/s
8
50270 la 50 C
Ra=1.6 microni
Ra=3.2 microni
PINION AND WHEEL PARAMETERS
Addendum diameters
da1=37.06894mm
da2=194.72784 mm
Deddendum diameters
df1=28.27216 mm
df2=185.93106 mm
Pitch diameters
d1=34.52450 mm
d2=192.93106 mm
Rolling circle diameters
dw1=34 mm
dw2=190 mm
Base circle diameters
db1=32.38359 mm
db2=180.96710 mm
Number of teeth
z1=17
z2=95
Width
b1=69
b2=67
Normal addendum correction
xn1=-0.31309
xn2=-0.5
Coefficient
Frontal addendum correction
xt1=-0.30833
xt2=-0.49240
Coefficient
Minimum normal addendum
xnmin1=-0.043
xnmin2=-4.9240
Correction coefficient
Tooth width on the addendum
San1=1.67 mm
San2=1.75 mm
correction coef.
Minimum tooth width on the
Sanmin1=0.80
Sanmin2=0.80
add. circle,on normal plane
EQUIVALENT GEAR PARAMETERS
Number of teeth
zn1=17.73
zn2=99.10
Pitch diameters
dn1=35.46891 mm
dn2=198.20863 mm
Base circle diameters
dbn1=33.32988 mm
dbn2=186.25519 mm
Addendum diameters
dan1=38.01335 mm
dan2=200.00542 mm
Center distance
awn=115.11608 mm
Contact degree
an=1.86

Parameter

Gear
Contact
CALCULUS FACTORS

Functioning factor
Dynamic factor
Axial load factor
Transverse factor
Elastic factor
Contact factor
Helix angle factor
Shape factor
Correction factor for bending
stress.
Lubricating factor
Speed factor
Roughness factor
Sensitive factor
Number of cycles-pinion
-wheel
Liftime factor
Minimal safety factor
Limit stress(choosen)
Permissible stress
Real stress
Width coeff.

Bending
KA=1.35
KV=1.05

KH=1.44
KH=1.61
ZE=189.80
ZH=2.65
Z=1.01
-

KF=1.38
KF=1.61
0.92
YFa1=3.64
YFa2=2.32
YSa1=1.39
YSa2=1.66
YR=0.51
Y1=1
Y2=1

ZL=1.07
ZV=0.96
ZR=0.91
NL1=3.611E08
NL2=6.461E07
ZN1=1
ZN2=1
SHmin=1.2
STRESSES
Hlim1=1500.0 MPa
Hlim2=1500.0 MPa
HP1=1099.4 MPa
HP2=1099.4 Mpa
H1=1020.3 MPa
H2=897.2 Mpa

preliminary
final

No. of teeth for dimension over


teeth
Normal dimension over teeth

YN1=1
YN2=1
SFmin=1.5
Flim1=750 MPa
Flim2=550 MPa
FP1=383.6 MPa
FP2=280.7 Mpa
F1=273.6 MPa
H2=276.2
0.35
0.74

CONTROL ELEMENTS
Dimension over Teeth
N1=3
WNn1=13.81771 mm
Or Dimension over Balls

N2=11
WNn2=56.55083 mm

Ball diameter
Dimension over balls
Normal tooth width
Frontal tooth width
Height of normal toot width
Height of frontal tooth width

Tooth width
scn1=2.86604 mm
sct1=2.86084 mm
hcn1=1.90230 mm
hct1=1.89522 mm

scn2=2.30798 mm
sct2=2.30379 mm
hcn2=1.13567 mm
hct2=1.12997 mm

5. Gearing forces calculus

5.1. Forces calculus


Radial force

Fr1 Fr 2

Ft
5585 ,9
tg wn
tg17.49275 1787 ,6 N
cos
cos10

Fti Ft 2

2T1 2 94960.38

5585 ,9 N
d w1
34

Axial force

Fa1 Fa 2 Ft1tg 5585 ,9 tg10 984 ,9 N


5.2. Forces orientation

6. Shaft calculus
6.1. Choosing the bearing assembling for the input and output shaft

d rul1 d1 (2.....7) 30 2 28mm


d rul 2 d 2 (1....7) 40 6 34mm
Bearing choosing

Cr

Simbol

30

62

16

14

17.25

14

0.37

47.5

1.6

30206A

Rs min

Cr

Cor

Turatie

Simbol

limita
II

35

72

17

1,1

25,5

13,7

9000

6.2. Verifying the input shaft at different loads


Determining the reaction from the camp
In horizontal plane :

M A 0 Fa1

HB

Fa1

dw
l
Fr1 H B l 0
2
2

dw
l
34
Fr1
984.9 1787,6 78 / 2
2
2
2
1108.4 N
l
78

M B 0 H A l Fa1

HA

Fa1

dw
l
Fr1 0
2
2

dw
l
34
78
Fr1
984.9 1787,6
2
2
2
2 679.1N
l
78

6207

In vertical plane

M A 0 VB l Ft1

VB

l
78
5585,9
2
2 2792.9 N
l
78

Ft1

M B 0 V A l Ft1

VA

l
0
2

l
0
2

l
78
5585.9
2
2 2792.9 N
l
78

Ft1

The reactions from the two camps

RB H B2 VB2 1108.42 2792.92 3004.8N


RA H A2 VA2 679.12 2792.92 2874.2 N
6.3. Bending moments

d
l
78
34
M i max H A Fa1 w1 679,1 984.9 41191Nmm
2
2
2
2
M i max VA

l
78
2792.9 100544.4 Nmm
2
2

Total bending moments

M i M iV M iH2 100544.42 411912 108654.8 Nmm


2

Identifying the loads


-compression of Fa1

4 Fa1
4 984 .9

1,4 MPa
2
d t1 3,14 30 2

-torsion

t1

16T1 16 94960 .38

17 .9MPa
d t31
3,14 30 3

-bending

32T1 32 94960 .38

35 .84 MPa
d t31
3,14 30 3

l1 c2 4(t1 ) 2 1,42 4(0,27 17.9) 2 9.76 MPa

ai II 90

0,27
ai I 330

l1 9.76 MPa ai II 90 MPa

7. Choosing and verifying the assembling through key between the driven wheel and output
shaft
7.1. Determing the length calculus

F 4TII 1
4T
1
4 531778 .1

as lc II

55 .39 mm
A d II fl c
d II as h
40 120 8

l 55 .39 10 65 .39 mm
Because l b2 there are chosen 2 keys A8 x10 x32 STAS 1004-8 1

2TII
as
l c bd II

2 531778 .1
48 Mpa as 100 MPa
40 10 55 .39

8. Choosing and verifying the bearings assembling of the input shaft

Verifying the bearings assembling


Choosing the bearings radial-axial with conic roles on one row in X
Verifying the bearings assembling after the dynamic load
- Setting the suplementary axial forces

FaA' 0,5

FrA
679 .1
0,5
212 .21 N
Y
1,6

FaB' 0,5

FrB
1108 .4
0,5
346 .37 N
Y
1,6

B bearing

FaA 984 .9

20 .51
C0 r
48
FaB 346 .37

0.31
FrB 1108 .4
-

Equivalent dynamic load

PB f P (VP X FrB Y FaA ) 1,16 (1 0,4 1108 .4 1,6 1787 .6) 3832 ,1N

Durability of the bearing

L
-

60 nI Ln 60 553.12 8500

282.1mil. rot.
106
106

Needed dynamic load capacity

Cr necB PB P L 3832.13 282.1 2513196.9N


-

Durability assured by the bearing

C
L r
PB
-

2513196.9

282.1mil.rot.
3832.1

Functioning time

Lf

10 6 L 10 6 282 .1

8500 .2ore
60 n
60 553 .12

9. Choosing and justifying the lubrication system


The wheel is sanked in the oil chamber and through meshing it is lubricating the driver wheel. Because
of high turations the bearings are lubricated through splashing.
10. Choosing and justifying the sealing devices

There are chosing 2 simerings - A28x40 i A38x52 STAS 7950/2-72.


Nr

dm

28

10

50

II

38

10

50

Because of high turation it is chosen a device with simering.


10.1. Heads of the shaft calculus
Nr

d a (mm)

24

36

II

28

42

10

11. Calculus of the transmition throught trapezoidal narrow belts


11.1. The power at the leading shaft
P=5 KW
11.2. Turation of wheel led by the belt
n=553.12
11.3. Transmission ratio
ic=1.28
11.4. Type of the belt
- belt SPA