You are on page 1of 21

Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.

May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or
Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.
Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 154.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=154

'"
~U! """'"ll .'!'n," 1" ,U> ,~ . '~U!I,hu .. I'''~'r JO , "! """I ,~ , u""J "'!"
,,,,,,n",{] ', 'm~" '.rl'~'I ' I<ln,> ,,,II:) JU ,u,~ ,,,,, .,'n .,d! ' IOW "1.1
,~" " "' .",n j,,.,,"! ..Su.q, >in!""."
" ! loA 'P'"!"" !'W '! p un", ['U'~ ! '" " 1' J" SU!q ' >o"o< 'PI" ' I' I' I"'5 ",!,d
_ru,IJ, "q ' "'q'" J" """'" '" p UT ' ' Id""., q,., " I '(>661) 0-'"( 1 "q.1 "1
~"" ! '. X\ . I"' U'q ,1,,<1 '.l"q;'!I\' ,~"":; U! In),,!_... ,um, j"" 1<661) ,,,u"~"Ii
" I''',. '," " 'I'IOS uo ""'I ,.itb.<.,~ "1""'"""'" 'I -,,,,wTIq'!'1 "'I' J" "q'
-1006,) _"m:; ,unA "0 p'q"""S "'Y I. '."'""'"J,O P'~'''S uo rrm"
pu" .., ' '''''.II!P "1"'1,1""". "! ,i n,,,,, '! 'j IH1'w 'l!I' loJ """U"'q , q"'u
'''p un I""'j.l pUT ' 1,.I!I' "'-''''1' ,nq '1'><1001 ' I"] !W!> " I" ,q. ) O " !'
_n,, ! " 1' '''!q,,'"'' '.. ,n, SU!"" "U uo ",., ' ! '(8861) .A'".-I ) O,,!,kl.
'.'''!l'l:I r'" '\I '' ''3 "! ' I,non" !,",,, p".,.d ", P'" ''''' ''!P po, POW"'"
pun,,, '" po,, [.n o, 'pom'I"'V -n"',,!" >! "Q>I'w' ~, '<"nn.-,. ",,,,,d

"'~"' "",nl< pu ,,.,,.~,,,, '! ~' "A ,_ -, P'" 1'"'' '","W"' C1 A1"",I. ~"'"
ij "'~ 0,6, '.""'''\1 "'""f J" " . d " ' ! P'!"'''''' PI '~"Iq~"'S 'P-'Ll "'"
"m,p " P ,~, "Q "h~' ~u"l P"~ "" 0['" '!~' "~I ""il\!n, ,.uo< "nwwo:)

-""" .J p".J", " _" ' I' -" ""!"!P "! P'"!~'"'" II' .,,~ - !~ " 1' J" ll"!,, ,~,
'", .." ,~ , J" V'" ,~, '''"~ ,~ , J" d"," ~, ,~, "' I'" "m,p J" 'U ""~"J V

9N I l dVj'O'S lV11910 ,0 S:l 111 l 0d

aN~

111'0' 3 f l1

'0

N3h3S 113 1d'O'H~

in wh i,h. l",,,ion of on, "'mrding i. itl(o'p",md ,",0 ...."'h... Si,",.


,he '9io< . mu.iei.n< of ' W'Y ",ipt h.,~ <m b,>cro ,he 'h""logy. Thei '
"mk " ,<e ho" of Gu",ion . f,om ,he .",hie .nd ,ho t",h"icol '0 the
"h",,J .nd ,h, ~ol. How """e compo",, h .. ngro thei , ...",k in ""pon",
'0 ,he pru.ihili,i.. of ,hi, te(hnology' H" digi'ol <::l mpl ing in,rodlK<d
fu"J..n><""Uy ''''".. co' '' prui,ioml ...th<1 i<. OJ i. it f",,, unde",,,od '" ."
.",,,, ion of olde! pt:l<,ie<>' Wh.,n i, it .hout ,he !<,h n,~ ogy .n d i" .. ppli.
<"iom ,h" h.1'< <xpo",d ,he p"'Clic< to (h"g" of bei"g inm istie.
immmol . nd illoS''!> Th"", c= stud"" will .dd"" ,h""" '1uestion,. The
"".min", N"'J"JI",,,,,,,dbcha"<r w", k hy compo"" P. ull...n,ky ,h.,
".",Iolm, 'I~h i" ,,, ' ''" ''''. 'If.. >:ond "1'10"" th< com1'1 I<I.Hion
,hip be,,,,... n h "" Pop so n~'. one of ,,-hieh. Cltl\;!le y. ,h rough, I:tke Yo'
p"ise, " i, ""'pl,d hy ,II< "'".., Far l><>y Slim', "p"i",' You, " The fin.1 '''<
",udy foe U"""l\ Publie Enemy', "Figh, ,h< !'owe!." ",host ""tr.'~ga'" .. m
pJ ing ,..,~, to .t>.Kt ,h" group', pol i,i<.1 ",J mit u, ..1.~""I... Bu, beto
.Jd",.. ing ,h , comph gu<!,ion. jU!l ,.i"..:I. "'" must fi", ""...or mOl<
",. igh,fo,w"d on,

fi",

WHAT I S DIG ITA L SAM PL ING?

Digi",1!>mpling i,. '1-'< of mmput ,tmh.. i, in ",hi<h "", nJ i, ten


J",reJ into d.... d", ,h., in ,u", mm p, i", in",,,,,, io,,, fot "",on"'lK'_

ing ,h .. ",,-,nJ, s."n' pli"g i, 'lpi<.lIy "S",d1 ". '1'P" of mu,,,, ..1 quo_
.. , io". ",uolly of 0'" pop song hy .. no,her. but i, ,n<omp."'" ,h, Jigi,,1
in<OJpo,.,ion of "'y p""(,,,J<d sounJ imo. n"... fo,ded wo,k. 'If..
lui!'n .. n, used '0 <"''''' .. mpl<. ..,"" widely, from ".d i,ion....I. looking
ke,ho .. ,d, '" 1'Ul po",-builr ",,,,,h in Jo",i""ed hy bu, ,,,n,. knob, . nJ
, lid", ,h" look nothing like musK-.1 in,(!u,m"l>. !O ",f,w. " u,M on
p"""'1>1(omp""''', R"S."dlc<> of the S'''', on tb. ' impl"" 1"....,1 .. mpli"g
,,,,,K. like .. ii!;'. .. pual<, " unJ i, (U, up into pi<"" >o,d ,hen pu r h.. ,k
'og,,hot '" fo tm. J igi,i"",1 "piC! u,," of ,h., .o,-",,!. \Vh<n .. sou nJ ...... v<
i, Jigi,iltd. using ",h., i, <.. II<-J.n .n.log_,o- J igi,.1 con .. ttl" (AIX:). i,
i, no, ' '1"odu<:,J in its " " ire,y, ",h". .. I, -... ml,I.." of ,he w-.,'""
,..ign<d hin.ry numbers. b<h of th"", num""" "p res<m. ,he .mpli,ude.
0' h,igh,. of. ",. ,,<., gi"''' poin t. \'('hen ",und i, ,,,,om,,,,,,,,d.
J igi,ol .",_.n.log oon"'I{" (DAC) "m i" "ol"'g" <o""ponding '0 e>ch

n.

MU"< ,. " , "

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 155.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=155
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

of ,""" b; ". ry nu ml,." . Whon :ti l of ,h,,,, ,.,;"", ,010 :1<> ' ''' , "';1100
;n. p.... icul" ",d<t, ,h, "'ml, ""y ,h.dy . w,o,;rnm:, ,h, o,igin. !. n,i,
,ouy "", m '0 he :til odd " " y of r<p"" h",;ng><>und_ b,,,king;' do"... , nd
,h,n pUll ing i, M,k ,,,!;uher _ bu, in f. ,,;, "'o,h ve,y ",oIL A, 1''''''"'.
,he ".:md"d .. , o pl; n~ " " i, . .... 00 H" "'''' ning ,h., tv<ry ",",ooJ of
sound ,h., i, .. mploo i,<u, imo 4. "0001.,,,, ' yp."II~, ,ach of ,he.., , I.,,,
;, giv, n ,;"""n.dig;' "; n.f}' nu mhe" .... hi, h . H""" fo, ",,,,mdy fine S"
d"iom (L ~, 0' bj,jJb) ;n , o ~"'ut; n g ,he .m pi;,u'!, of, "... ". "''''piing
c.. n , h,,,,for, he f,,, >Old fin, ,nough ><l ,h" ,h, hun,.. n '" I><re,i,.....
<o minUOll' 11M] r.i,hfully ren d,,,,d "p,oo"",;on.
Th, . J"",'S, of '!igi,;:z.:u io,, ;, ,h" ,""u"d, """" " nJ",reJ ;"'0 d,.".
" .. n he m.n;pul"oo ;n ~...ie,y of ..... \'"10,,..-.10 , h"",.. I1"" J",,,;I.. T,tnf'"
, Old pilCh e>n he ;"" ",asod 01 d"" ..",d in . ny ina, n\O"" .00 ,h, '''''' e>n
he ,mnipul .. oo ; " d'l"'oJ<J "i~" (In ,h, p",J ;gi,,1 'g< . "'h,n ,h, ,p-<! of
dowN, ,he
reco rd ing ..... ;"",,,,sed, ,h, pilCh '0"', .od ,,hen , h,
p;,ch f,lI . T hink of ,h, sou nd of . phoOOS"I.... '''i,ch; ,,~ r~,,,, Jj\l, 10 41
'pm", ,." ,."...) So" nd, ".. n he ",~ ,sed, C~ ' , Ioopod, .nd i.yeroo, '0'''''
he", ioo c.. n he .Jdoo , "" i" f""l "t'n,i" "';,h; n , "", nd c.m he boo",d
0' J"' '''ph";,,d. Noi", c. o he , ..,,,,,,d [0 ",.. x, . n old "",or J ; ,,~ ",u n,]
p,ist in" 0' 'w o "]J,,,d to m. k,. prist;ne reco,d;ng ,ound 01,1." c. o of""
he h, ... d in ",,,,m popub, mu,;c.' All of ,h"" ""'n;pub, ,,,", c." I", vi.
;,<d upon . uy ""Ind. mu,;c.1 0' ", h"" ';",:tIld on .ny I,,,~, h of "", ,,d
,h.. , " .. 0 he ",,,,,,doo. A .. mplo e>n he .. f,,,,,,,,n of. " ,,,fo, m. ,; ngl,
nO!, fmm.n in." u"" " , 0' ,,,ice,. ,h"hm., m,lody" h"",ony, o,.n
,mi re "'orx 0' . Ibmn . Although .. mpling, p.."i, ui.rly ,,hon don,' ",01 1, i,
f" fmm, '; mpl' m.m " ,he po" ibili, i,,;, olf",." nwly Iimi,I"".
Ai fo ,,,, of mu,.,,) bo , m"';"~' ,h, '0"" of ,ligi,. I" mpl i"g "",h MCX
"'01' ,h.. " , ",ill, no ;u", . Con,ider jUst ,h, ~ '<,, <to mu,.,.1 " "d;, ,,,n,
""d ",,.1 ,I>.:o nl> frI ~' ;nw'po .. ,<d . nd .J..p'oo m,lodic 1''''''''' from
,,<lie, <h""" do",,,, "f Ron.i"""" "',"'" ,,-or, b... <d on ,he m,lodyof
,h, ", ,,I .. , song Th" mn><: " """ " , ;m ib, "llO . . g<d ce nt" , ,,,, I,,",
"'hen com p""" , ueh " Ikri;o>, LiS'll . R>chnu o;""ff, ,.im_S."n" .,J
y ..\;, -"' ''1'1''''- ,he ch,,\l Dit1 ir.u (,T h, D.y ofWe"h") '" ,h,;, ;nStru
m, nu l wo,k>, B>ch ,ewo ,k, d Vi,:tId i', mu,." mort ,h",. century I" "
C;ou,,,,,] ,t!utn<J ,ho f,vo" .Jd;ns. u,," m,lody!O B",h', 1'lud, in c:
11.1";0' .nd e>1I;ns i, A,~ M."".- M.hl" c.onih.li,<d hi, o,,'n
"oc,1

"""lid

""Ii"

ou . O< '."

. 00 . .

n.

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 156.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=156
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

"mo. in , ..., .." ..1"fhi> , ympOO" i<s; 1_" guo .. d C f'O'~'" M. Con.n', "0.. "
T hm," in hi> .., n~ "To m s"iI, A".. y" ; 1I",,,k p>rw",d Sh", .. k"" i,h'.
umng".,{ S~'mpOOn)' in hi. Co""",o fo. Orcn .. " . ; ,,,d so on ."d 0"
Y i,"', ,n ... ..,mh ing fund .. m,nully diff""", I><, ,,,,,,n ",d ".Ji _
,ion.1 .. ," of OOrrow;ng " .J d;gi,, 1 .. mpl ing' I, ;. ",",.,;"><> ",id ,h .. ,
"hile , gu",,,;on i, , iml'ly , "'I',,,,,,,,,,;on of , no<h" pi<ce, " "'I'I, d
I"">ge of mu,ic jJ ,h" mu>;c. lIu, ,h.. , del"'nd> on ",h., ,h. m(""" i n ~ of
"i, i, . Co ",id" , ><o"wn,,,,n,1" ""'1'1, "f ",u,ic..1'1u"""",n ; ;n ,h, ,hi,d
,nove"""' ofLuc;.no 11<,;"', Sinfoni~, ." ,"o,mou, ['""_">o",,m,'''' ""mk
fo, oreh"", .nd ,'O<'.li", from '968, ,h, 00"'1""'" guo,,, mu,ie by
1\,.h"", D"hu"y, Hind,mi, h, .\1""1,,, R.:o,~1. s.:hoenl><,s, ",d Smu",
,mong "," ny o<h",_-rht. qao''' io", "'0 "", .. ,lon,I_ ,h.. , i" &';0 "'I'm,Iuce. no, ,he ..,und, ,l><mI..", hu , ,he in,,, u io n, fo , ''''''''' ing ,hem
'Ibe q"",,, iol\' .only comple" ",hon I""fo""oo . Dig;'.I .. mplins .I ",
il\\"I,~, ,y mOOI._ " ,Old 0< i",,,,,J of ,he ,""iou, li"es, dOl " ,,,,I "luig.
~t.. of " ,Ji,lon.. l no","'''. A, .. ","d,ud .. hook on oompu,,', ",u_
, ie
pt.; " ., Wh .. , wmpu"'r< ",.n ipul"" i, "<>I lund ;,.df hu, "1'",,<1\_
.. ,ion, of "", "d,_"' Th,refore, if ""'piing "pmml1<ou" d. w, .:-.. noo, "r
"'m pll p'=~' of mu, ic iJ ,h" mu,;<Bu, if " mpling don ,~" djNer f,om " "Ii, ,,,",1 mu,;",,1 ho"o~'i ng in
kind,;, ",jnly diffor< in deg' . Co" ,id". hY1"',h<t ic:ol quo",lon, in
"hi,h ,h, >001< of. " o,h",,,; origio.1 ""0'. no,,,es ,h, ' ''',,"J.<<ond
'l'unky D, umm,," ",10. A, """', o"ly. dOHn or > ;"""",,;on, (in ,h.
fo ,,,, of ,'"iou, ,y mOOI,) "",uld I>< u",J, ""'",, I !O i"d;c"e ,h, 1"'" of
,h. d,um kj, (b .." .n.I<, !Om ,om, hi h." "!C_).' I""dful fo , ,h, Ju ,,
,ion of ,,,,h nme. anJ .. few fo, J yn. mieo, ,ccen,u .. ,lon, , nJ me,. Bu,
,h, <guiden, J igi,,1 "''''pie woulJ ' <qu il< ,,,,.,1,'" hu",troo ,OOu"n d
Jj,,;nc, in"".."io" " , k .. d of , pt'Cifici<y im1"',,;hl< !O no"", . Wi,h ,II
of ,h, inmlK, lon., '" much mo" c.n I>< indic.,.& ,I>< .ou<\d of ]"' _
,;cu]" d,um b"i " ~ hi< " i,h, ,,,,,,in .. mou ,,, of fOle< ",ing " ' l"",iflC " ick,
or ,h, " numl>< , of m;lIi><'(ond, .. """ e"'<1< hefor< '" .f,,,, ,h, he"
Moreo ..u , ,he son", .u" , " "ou ",ling , h, "", ,,d c.n :01 ", I>< C'l" " 'oo , B,'
1 In. ." ' ... 0 ,h ing>; ,he ,,,,,,1><,,,",<\ ,h.. , imp .......,,>< of 'P"'"
,nJ ,I>< 'ligh' hu, ",n,,,,,, .mb ie", noi", _ . p.,;1U, I"', h'p. - ,h.. i"
hY' p""luc, of;ml"',f"" ,ooo rd;"g fiddi,y. Digi':oI "' mplin~ oN. r. ,h. ]>0<, ih ili,y of
I would c.11 pu fo "",, ; quo",;on ; quo",i"" , h" r,e-

,Iu,.

". u,"

"Iu,

,.0 MU' ,. " ... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 157.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=157
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

",,,.11 ,I>< dou il, of ' ion h" ."d ,ioning ,h" evoh :tI,d id<", ify" u"iqu,
,",und <Vent, ~ h"h" ,"c" ",,,,,,ill of Clyde S!Uhbkf"ld', d.uononing 0.
,he .10,,. "n,,~.. d, "pping .hy,hon, proJuc<J 1< I 'Yl'" .hi, "" mn , I"
o. h" " ",.I,. mJi,i"".! .nu,"".1 'lu",,, ion, .ypic.lly <i" wo.h; <:tJnpie.
, il< p<tf",m.",,<>, As "., ... ill .... i. i, ,h" l"'" ibiJj,y of p< ,fO(",,,i,'e quo""i"", i ndudin~ ,he .bih,y .0 " .."ipul"e ,ho", "",,,.1, . ,h." ,,'" .. on_
pi ing '1''''' from ".dil;'-'n.1quo",io " . 11.1 h., bl '0 some 1<lOni,hi" giy
,, ~. ,i~. wo ," of ,,,oJ,,n ,,,",i<.

T HE UNCOMMO N P AR L A N CE Of PALJ l

L ANS KY

I W.i.> , i"i"g on. pL.", jU>l b.f",e .. koolf ... hen.n .11""""",,,,,nt ", ,, ..
"'o'<r ,I>< ",ud'p<.ke., It ....., no .lou h, ,he u,wl ,,',Iron><. but fo. ,ome "'._
,",n I ",,,1.1 nO( q" il< "nd,,,,.nJ ... h" ,he .",,,.1.,,, ..... , "y ing. A, fi,,, I
d"'"I;/" ,h, looJ'p".k.. w-... r."hy, .nJ ,b.n I P'" ,he diffi<uity!<, ,h, "" is<
of ,h< e"gin",. J h"oo for ..." d. ,k-"OO "' y .,...... w
,00, Y'" I
"ill could ,~x ""ke ",me of ,he wo,J" .\1y f"''''''ion ",,,,,,, ,<d, b", ,h,,,
,uJJeni,' J ,,,,,IJ u"J",m,.,j h", pe,f,ly J qui<kl,. ,.. liteJ ,,'hy, much '"
my ''''yin , I " .. , on. KLM High,!O Am"" J"". ",.I i, J .. ",noo on ""
,h" d... ""nd.", h.J gi,.,n ,he .nnounme", ,,,'i<e_ ti,,, in Du"h, ""I
,h,n in EnSl i'h , Duh," I~.. " '" my""". oou "J",J qui. bi, lik, Engll<h.
S", i, did OO! ocr:~ t '" me ,h" ,1><"", ' I",.!:jng' d,lfm t" t'''gu.g<. R",h",.
i, <moo .. if . h< wor< "'ing .11 ,h. h.,i< . nd f.. nilil , ,",,,nJ, of Engli,h,
h", in .. m mpl",ly "nf.m ili .. (.nd " , h" m.JJ,ninsl "'.y.
I "" "min doo of ,hi, in,iJ"", "h", J lis"n '" N"'j"Jlmtmidkd,,,,,,"
'9 gg ",,,,k by <oml""'" 1'.,,1 L.tn;ky, [.. nsky. prof",,,, , of m,,<i< "
p,i""o ,, Uni",,,i!),. <"'" .. hi< mu,ic :olmo.. oxdtl, i" <i y "i,h comp"'_
m, "w ,h<eigh,_min,, No~'"" ... "".dIN""""' i,"n< in "" i.. of wo,k,
in ,,hi<h h .I i~i ' :olly m:ttl ipub,,,, ' f'<"< h_ Engli'h 'f"'<'Ch- '0 <!'t'"'' f.n_
,.."ic mus ic.1 '''''' '''''' i" ,,hi<h ",,,,,,,, i< tn",,, ;ns i, """Ii:tingly Otil of
",>ch' L.,,,ky h.. long oon i",,,,e,,eJ i" ",ing ,he "", nl""" 10 "',,,_
form ,he t,,,,y.Ly i",o mu,i<. 0' l""h.p' 10 """.," ,h, mu,i< from ,I><
"""ry,hy. H, find, in'pi ""i"" in u""'p"(1<d pl",- <on,." .. ,;'-'n,. high_
,,~y ,,;ffi< . h""Jjng mopping ",.11. his own xih,n, R." h", ,h." .."'_
piing p"""i"ing wo,b (.. ,I>< ",hOI oompo"''' J i><",,<d in ,hi, ,h.p' '''
dol. he mine, !>w ", ,,i< ",,,,,,il" "'O'''',H, ,h"", ",,,,x. 1><.. li"k con_

(0,,,,,,,,,..

" USO< ' . " > .0 h

,.,

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 158.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=158
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

""'[Ioh 10 ,he "mid of ".d i,Io",,1 p<,fo, m"h _L.".ky i> ,hu. l>r.s<nttxi
wi,h. di" it)([ (oml"'-'i,Io".1ch.llwll'" How Joe, comp"'" ".. ,, " mu,ic
,h" liw, only on [<m rdinl'"' Th" i. how Jo". ono "-ri" .. ,",'OIk [h" hO'
<>nl y m,,>! " .. old "pt<. e",c[ .n d f'''1u,m "'I"', i[lon . bu[ mUll .. II<> c"'".
i[[ Ol<'h If,ulli ei,n, ""tid ou[[ id. ,he (.mili .. , ",di,ion ,) <once!' v,n
u' t..n.ky .n,w", ,he",d.. lI, n~"'. in ,ho (0' ", of N09",,,""mdl,,,h.t,,,,._
NOY"JI"",,",idlnha,u,Oh<k loon ,h. "''''mp''hying CD) ore n, with
"h" on< migh, .. xo fo t [he 1\.",,1 of 1"1;""1. Count!ei> unintelligibl
...,iH._ high, 10"", f.>t , . kw.,_ oomh..d [h. lim n'" from ",ery di,'-"C[ >on
H"" J on hudpoon" (re,h.p' ,h< "n"ut.r vehU' fo t ..el>. pieHl. ,h
...,ice> ""m 10 h< in, id< ""e'. he,,!. ooun<ing .n d .1.",inH ch.O!ic"lIy. In
f.w . we.r< h< .. ing onlyono voice, ,h " .,[I ... n.ky'. wife , H,n",h M><K.. y.
M.d,.. y i, [<..! i n~ from cl> .. p'" 'I "fCh.>.,Io", B,,,nt<'.i"'" Ep. in "hieh
J.n.
R""hell" of h" t u"".u ..1 d.",,_The <ubj"'! "",m> 'PProl~ i .
10 the piN'<, fo, ,h, J i",mb"d i, d ,-"iee> h .... n Uh'.. 1, o,h"..-",I,ily
"'''nd_ Wh ile M:ocK.>.y'. ", ice i, ,ligi"lIy n,ultiplieJ, f,_",,,,,,,!. " "I " .. h . '
fo rm.d '" ,h.>., ,~, . ingle word i. lo,,~ 0' din i'''' "",u~h 10 be unJmlOoJ .
i, i. " ill l"""ihie '" pick but "''''''Il"i,..bt. ,yll.hle> or poonem " . Here
t..nJ.:y ,,, ik,,. bololl" h<,w" f. mili." i,y ,,1<1 ",. ng<he>' . n ,,h ieh Ii...
,<her> iru, it)([iwly ""l "int " ,heir ~"", " l-<mxy pu!> i[, ih :on "mp[ 10
unJ"mhd ",h., i, beihg " OJ_ (Mueh .. I did ,""hen I triM '" ",.I<e nle
of Duh Oh ,h. KLM High,-) Thi' i> "' nny <otnl"'-' i,iorul ''''''S}'. fot
i, no, only 'hrou,,,!;,, m"" iv. li"enin~ bUl . 1", .J,h",,,,, ,he problt-n,
o( " p""m ili,y. hen ,t.. mo>! <""ful "'utillY"'ill no, "",.. I ,h, "Xl, b",
"i,h "'''y >~e"i" h"' i "~ ,t.. li,.."u c."not holp "ying '" "''''P<>I". m~"hing f,o", ,he", ,-ub.ol '''''1''_Hm I... ",ky "'1'101" ,h. h"n ... ,
,,,.deney to fill in mi"i ng or unci." infor m" i" n '" fotm ",hoi, ",,,,,.
[" ,"'_Thi> i. ,t.. "m< " "d,n,,!, ,h" t...!. Ii"""" [0 mi,intp'" inJi ...
,inc, IOhg lyric" e,,'n if , be
m,k" li" l. ><n. f" t non" n", "",rn
.lw'Y' '0 h< n", ," ,,,I,,, bl , ,h. " """" ",it"y_(E", ",pI.. of mi,h."d I,"""
"" kgion , "hcu" m< ""hile I ki" ,hi, gu;,," i,,>!e..! "'":<<0''' n,. ,,hil.
I xi" ,h, .kl: "Th. 'h" ". my f,i, nili, ,hey're bl",",'i n' ih ,he "'i"d :
ih",.d of "Th. "",",'<t, "'Yfr i,nJ. _ ' ; .hd '" on.) PI. y "'''9"'''''.'''dleth""",IO ' ~,oup o,Ii'"h''' ",J Y<'u "-iii f,nd ,h" ,hey.ll ,h ihk ("lid
,',"n in. ilt) ,h" ,h,y hu, I'""icut.., wonk ,hough (ow if .hY ,,ill .sre.
on " h,, i, being " i,1

"II,

,,,,,It

,., MU' ,...... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 159.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=159
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

I.,.."ky r'''f>O"J"J !<, ,h. f<j..-""bili,y i,,~e in .,,,,,h .. ""y" ",'011. U.i"g
wh" he d"""ihe. ," "o<h.. ,, ", mi,i ng ",h"Lqu"" he ",,,,mi:.Jly in1Uumd
wmpU<<I!O de"""i",' ee,,,i,, " 1"'<1' o( ,he ,h."<ri"~'" ,." do"" A,
L"n.ky h" pL.i nN, ,he pU'pru< of ,hi, u"pmli",hili,y i,!O conl)"'n
. . Ie (0' ,h< f.. i'~' of ,he "m,d,d "",dium, ." d in doi ng >0 ,im"l"e ,he
'1",m."ei,y, ,he "d,ms", " of liv< I",rfornuoce

My v ..... i, ,h" in ",d" '" " .." .,," , .... , ><n >< of d..n g<' you h,," '0 "",I
,ho, Ii",n in,,, ,ho, ""..rom",,_ Tho, Ii",,,,,, h.., ,.Jo, '" ""i", P'" ;" ,\..,
",,,,,,;"n in fund."",""lly dilf=n, ""l" ,h.n in 1m, "",fo.mmc< , .nd
i" o"k, '" <10 ,hi, I ,hin k
i,', n ..... , y '0 <om!""" <1<"","" ;noo ,\..,
mu~, , .... , '" "on_ Ii""", ~ 'm,,,im" .. n<lom. ~"""im'" ""i,y ."J DO<

'0

,h"

di"""i,,, ;" ,h, y.-.)" ,h" kw of ".di,;"",d mIDi, i" I "",no

,h, moille

00 ch.II",!\' ,ho, Ii","" .".... on ,xh \"''';"g. ~, ,h" ;d," ,,,,.1~ .. nd. will
",d up ",,"nd i n~ cl ilf,,,,", """"nd ; "~ on
"",fo.m."c< ,h,
<00"

Ii,,,,",,

,h,

i" 1m ""m

mind ,nd ",'

,h,

I" N"'I",,,"",,,,ib,h411,,, het< i, no )",,10" , 01


u..Ji,",n.1 "'' S<_
<r.... o. f",.h i"'p,.,,,io" of .. wo ,k wi,h
~><h I"'rfo'Ol ....ce- i, . pli'
w"'I"''''' "Hlli"e".., Th< co"'I""'"
imbue> ,he wo,k ... i,h ,h e u"f"'Nicuh ili,y of .. liw I"'rform."'~, ,""hi),
,he li"en<r ",m Ol'" ,he e"", ,,,,,m', i",erp""i"" Ju, i.., I tl f""" for L"".ky
i, i, ,h. Ii"e"", ~ ho "",Iy dofi" .. ,h. nlu,ie "Tho """"" of ,he nlu,i, :
h, ."sue>, do<<n', li< "mu,h i" in de"i!. i" ,h. "" of "}'in~ '0 lind,,
,hem: ' If ..... , <o Olp'''' L,th.ky, '''1'''''''' '0 r<p".. " bili,y ,",'i,h ,h"
of ,h< ,",di n~ )"',fo'm ... , ..... ste. t.inl! ing i n,~ " i"n_ I ,uS!,,,,,,,d in
,h'ple' I (><e p_ L5) ,h" ,orJ ins >Hi", ",n,fo,m I"' ,fo.m.n"", i",o
,",'",ks hy c",,,i"g unch."s>"S '"'' ,h" ","><e"d ,he te"'I"' ,,1,icii
,,,de> of ,he CO"''''- Lln,ky h.. do"e e""cdy ,he "I'l""i,,, he h", <om
pru<J ,",'o,k wi,h ,he Gu. li, i of . I",fo,m."""
A< it< , ide 'u~"'''' , ,h,,, i, mo" '" ,h, ",,, k ,h." ,h",,", ,h.!!"" ,,"'h ieh
.Ion, migh, ,"",II J ,i ,~ Ii"""" 10 di",,,,, ",,,_ Ju" ", I.. n,ky ",ok< .. h.l
",ee b,,""'<h f.m ili>.Ji,y .nd " ""se""" he .1", 1<>\"<", (Oll\I'i<-<i,y ~'i,h
, iml'lici,y_Anchori"g ,he , ..... ifdy """ i ng , ,,,foe, ,oi"" .. " wh" L"",ky
",fef> '0" ""'"grou"d .i nge,,_Wh'r< ,he (on mo,', r>"do",ly in oom
pliw,J .hy,h m, gu idN by '''' 1"',i" l>l. 'y""'" of 1O".lilY, ,he I.. ,,,,
S<l ,he I"',fo, mer',

,..x_ ,,,,
b",,,,.,,,,,

,,,,oJ

"0 ' ' . " >.0 ..

,.,

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 160.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=160
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

Jo ,he opJXI,i<e , Th",e ,-oi, ,ihg ,lo",ly in ,i "'pl, h,,",oni on "",,01


""und" ",.. "d" ,ihg in "ep"i", mo, ;"n wi,h ih di"on>< ",.Ie_Ahhou~h
'h.-y do no, follow ,he u.Ji'ion :ol ,ul .. of "'01:01 ,0ic ... I,,,lihg, ,h, i, delib
or. .n d prodi.e,,,ble mowm,,,, p,o.'id "",,:l ure to ,he rite< _A b""d"
or~'ni1 ihg pri"" iple :01", help, unify ,f.< wo,k. Tho eh""or ,'oie", ch"" ,
~,.J u.1 p"h from I,,, .. '" g'~"" i",elligib;li<y .hd bo,x "Wl ih, p,ovid .
ihg. kind of ",h forth '0 ,f.< wo ' x, A, ,h,' midpo im of ,f.< pi' , ,h,
b..ckgrouhd ,'oi.e" f"J" "'hil, ,ho 'h"""ing bi-oo"", n""e prom'hem .nd
di"'h((_ L.mJ.y ",em, ro h< ",,,',, d in~ ",,,,fulli,,,n<l,, fo t <urnple. I h,,,
"d".m" . hd ".Iong .... y. (4" ) - 4"4) , ho,h of ,",'hieh "'" in ,he ""'".
''''- r r hen .~. i n , I ,,'ould . ...e.. ,h" [ f.<.., ""lih """d, .nd ph,,,,,, ,h .. ,
.", '"" ih ,he "", ree ,m, """ .ny p"in! in ,he rite< i, i, imp,"->i hl, to
xno,,' ",huh .. [ h<...... h" [ ,h i"k J hu,.) Af,", ,h i, "'ct"'" of "[,, ive el..,
i,y. ,h, di<t'h((he" of
I'" dim ihi,h .. .. Lh, cbo !terihg ,,,,,..I.. imo
,h, b>eXgroUhd , Af, ""ar[y eigh, minu,,,, ,ho pie ,1",,'ly r.d f,,,m
"",,'. "'II<";"u<O\,<>, ,he ,'oier< dY'hg '''''Y in."ieul.., !O I""'ph",,,, J'''<
Ey",', de,ip,io" of hOI OW" I'Oi<:e di<'pp,-'< ihg in d,,,,,,,,_
N'}lj"JI"",,,idlhdllt,. "'''n d"fu[j~, d,",om""". ,he music.[ .hd ...,..
,h i' 1''''<I"i.1 of digi",[ ,h"ol"!;it'_ Like .. n ,kh,'mi". L"'''xy "~n ..
fOlIO , ,h, ord inary im" , he P""''''''' ' ,""her< "'p".e" word b<.:on,,, ,
. up<rhumlli ,hOI"" Bu, ,hi, i. "0 hile. m-'t;i.e- i' i, vi,mo,i" h.ndin"f,
J",~Ioj,.,J f,om .n uhder ... nJ'''~ ofho,h mmpu'" "'f,...", ."d hum."
1"'''''1'';''''_ If Lamky "'picJ i" ,he p<.;hi li,i" of ,f.< '''''hnology '0 ,he
fulle>!, ho . 1"" cohfron" it< limi,,,,jo n,_ Tho" ",d 0, of NOY"JI",.,.idl-.
d'''''''''I>' ill n", Cfu.hg< ()Q m:m. t how m.hY !im", ,",'0 he" ,he pi"",_ Bu,
h, use, , ho.< "n>< fid digi!> to (10m ,f.< i[I",;.,,, of ' p"",.n" i,y. ,,"d
on.x '" .quill! 0'" """ in '" "temp' to f.<.. mo,,_ Th. pite, . 1", ",i,..,
'lueit ion, "hou, ,h, d,fi"i,ion of mu.i.e_ How ,I"", "It" ",uhd h<com<
mu.i,' C.n ...e pi"l"'im ,ho or.h.fo ,m" ion' 0 , i, ,f.< or. nofo ,m,,;"n in
,h,' I,m".., >eh',~d "h"h .,,,,><,hin~ i, h~",d .., music' Lw.ky do "0'
,h"" qu"";"",, bu , f.< doeuuS!l"" (.. Johh C"b~' h.J <lohe ""fore,
but "'i,h ,'.. y J ijf,,,nt iO " ic ""ul,,) ,h .. ,h. Ii", h", ...""n noi>< .hd mu,i.e
i, faJ from cb" if .uch. li"o.x i", ",.11
r.ut [.>n,.y hope. ,h .. 1;",,,,,, will hO! ,1","[1 00 ,b, ,tehno4;y ,",'i,h
"hi,h ho Cf<-'re. hi, mu.i.e_ - M".ie m.-d. when ;" ma.:h''''''y i, b,
,me",,, ihg ,h,,, it> ,un,,,," Hi"w'"" i, "nd''''''hJ.hl" fo, h< e" ... i"ly

,It,

.h."""

'" MU"" ,. " ... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 161.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=161
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

",'ould nm "'~'" ,he "",Jiu", Wo,",,,h..dow ,I>< "'.:tg<_ Whil. I do nm


,~, i,h M",h:.J1 McLuh.. n ,h .. ,h. med ium " ,h. ""'''''g<, rich
und ....""I'ng c." com< of in" "'g.>.,i "g bo, h, AI' hough ,he ","o,ld of
N"IJ"Jlmb";dlnh"""'l,,inp fro m ,he 'm'gi n.. io" of ,h. c" mf'O'<I, " "
,h< ,ceh"ology ,h.. , renJ" ,. i,."d ibl,

".

FROM "TA KE Y O' PRAISE " T O ' P RA I SE YOU "

Th, ",""o,dinS o!"'"' I'o'i ,h. pi ..., pi;ying ,n , iSh,. h" i"" oJu<,io n ' n.
g<>.'!",1"yl,,_ W< c.n im ..~in' ,he pi,mi" ,i!t ins", ,h .. ",,,,d "p ,igh" ,-,mpi ,,~:tIl im,oJ uc' io", fot. n,IVou, .nuur " ng", Obliv,ou, '" ,h< pro...J ing. >om, memh<r> of ,h udit'''''< com in"e ,hei ' n<igh h,,<Iy chi,
,h .. , T h< .i"~" ,h,n <"''''. " ""' i ,~l y
Wi com< , k,"~, ""'~ w.y '''II",h...
Throuy, ,h.lu,d ';m<. ",d ,h. ~ood
I luv< '0 kb",. you b..by.
I h,,',
P" ; l'"' ]; k. j ,hooM

'0

A, ,he ,,,J of ,he ph .... "'mh ing wry " .. n~' h.p!"'''', di" ur'i"~ ou,
"",,,,,1 im .. g< of ,ft< p,,,, ,,,,din!;,, T n i n ~el ".m '0
u",""ur>Uy
on ,he ",,,,d ';"',,/d, ... com l,l.m,m of ptICu"ion inmum ..", .nJ ,h,,,
." , I,mie b... ,hi,ken ,ft< " "U tt , The ,,'om.n bol,1, ,he nOle fo , ten,
,...e" ,y. ,hirty <onJ., A >ym h,ztJ d, um jo in' ,n of'Ound ing OUI guar
', ,h,n eigh ,h, ,ft<" , i"",,,,h, ,h,n ,h irty."",,,,,J "'''' I><fore ,ft< ,.
,m. " "I'" in", . " up mf'O d. ne<
T h. min"" .nJ "'''''''y ",,,,,nJ. of m",ic I ju>! d,,,,rih,,d "!"'''' "P"i..
Yo,," (r,,,,k,, on ,h. "com"..nyins CD). ,h, 19~ <I"""ic d.nce mu,ic
hi, by Nonn .. n Cook. 1><"" k,..,~u in hi, n.. ,i", lh ,,,i ,, .nJ ,hmughom
,he ",,, Id .. , b,lx,y .';I im, A, ,h, "'It of "P,,,i,,, Y,,", " ho,,'('wr, i no,het
lng, "'p""" n,ing' diffe",,,, "" .nd genr<_'I'M ,oi we hw I><lonS' '0
O""ille Yarb,ough :tIlJ ..... ,,,o,d...J ,n ' 971 '" ,h, ol'<ning of he<
Iullfunk <o,,~ "T.ke Yo'
(Track 1 ' Throu~h ,h, .. chnology of
digi",1 ..,opl ing. Cook h.:t . .. , once decome<lU.lilt,d . "J r" n,,,,,".lireJ
y.rbrough'. ""i<~. g,,; ng i, no", ,,," nJ, , funCli" "" "HI "".nins., Wh.:t,

""tI"

"",I<"

.V' ' . " ' .0

, .,

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 162.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=162
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

on .. k.. ,h;, c... "udy f""i""'i"~, how<w" j, ,h" ,f.., ",I .. ,ion,hip f..",",.<"<"
,hese 'wo >onS' ,imuh,nrou,ly co"f"m, .00 confound, om "J><C""ion,
of di~ i "I ... mpling, ,n d in ,h, r"."" .. is<> ",me of ,he ,ompl"" .",h",ic
,nd h ie..1 ;"ue> "i'i n~ from ,hi, n.,,_, fo,m of n.us"',I I""ro"'ing_
Cook .. mple. only ,he fin< ,we",y <ood, of"T"" Yo' rr-.i",, ~' h",h
co""i" of Y"h rough', un""con'p.n i,d ,;nyng_ nod,ing mor,_ Thi'
com "'. , u' l" i", (0 , " " " Ii" e""" ~ho .. "ume ,h .. , ,I>< op<ning of
-P"is< You" i, ,n un",<ouch1 ,u,:oJ ''''l"ho, of.n >em,1 p", forlm"<f
II w'" Coo k, ,h,n, ",ho , ddod ,he pi .. ,", ,nd ,he J",kgmun d '0"'''; he
e'~n ",." ipul.Hod ,he e,xkling J.Ound of ,he Lp from ","",h he "mplod
,he 1'",00, nuking i, nl<'" p,omi"" ,." (He .. I", .. herod r ... h",ugh', ' i "gi"~ ,
ine".. ing ,h, IOmpo .. " I Hm<"ing ,he ",.Iod", <o,,<ou,_) Cook den.on _
"'''"' hi, m,,,ery of ,h .... mpt. , he"" p'M i di"~ .. sen .. of ~ 001,""" (0
,hi, oli", H, do<> ,hi, no, only ,hrough ,he h,m lO"iw"n of ,he ,,,,,.1
lin<. hu, wi,h """", The I",kgmun d chmer olf, "'" ... of "'''0'''''', of
li",,,<,,_,00 of pl.,, ; ,he fo",!;,ou"J "kl ing olf," .. ",n of ,im" ,vok
ing ,h, u"spifiod 1"" of ,h, vinyl.~" The I",,,, e.. " oow I>< p,OOuJ
digiL:lliy .. nd i, .p<ly koo","n .. ,he rho"",!;"ph ,If .. A phoooSl1ph elf.
indeN, fo, i, i, p:oJl"ble ""nif,,,,,ion of r""" J ing', ,nI1u<ne" Thi'
,>oj"" ,,,l or diy"'U y , imut..,od , i, "OW Ii, mly I"" of ou, mOO"n ",,,k
ooc .. but..,y, .M,:-.. " I>< l""",rfully """"",i,'< ", li",,,m, It "',,Iong d""m,'d
:on un .... m<d .. ddi,ion '" ,h< pho"OS"rhk p< ,ienee hy ho,h ,he indu,_
"Y ,,,.1 Ii",,,,,,, bu, ironic.. lly bt-c,n><. ~.. lu,J .nJ n . ~.. ni"gf,,1 >ound
"h<n digi",1 ehnology fin .. lly eli ", in",d i,- In ,he "g' of noi"lo., dig_
i",1 ""ording> . ,hi, sonic I", i,,, promp" n"".lgi" ".n,]>,,,, ing li",nH'
'" d..y, go"" hy (whether of ,I><i' "","n 0' SOI\\O~~'ner.Ii,<d p""') , '" df"",
Cook ploi" in "p"i", You."
I" ,he o,igin.l, Y.. h "' u ~h', line "I J",~ (0 p,-.i", ~'o u like [.hould " bd,
'" ,he e",,,nc, of .. ,uhl imely funky ekc"ie h... [in< . wi,h gui"" .. " d P"' _
cUs>ion fiili"g in ,he :tanl\\p."il\\e,.,_ A, ,he >ong c,,,,,inu ,hwugh '''''_
",:oJ mm< ""', '''' .. ,.J lOne I>"me i"c", i"giy 1"".,n.1< .nJ "o,ie
hefme ," I><iJin~ i,.,o .]>". ,eoi",1 e,,,t._ Cool.:, ho"~ ,..,,, ",k", "">lh p"h
The I\\usic folkw.'inS ,h, "I"'''ing'i'''~n me"u,,,,, ,"hen Y"b,ough', ,'oiee
" "" '" , kip, <e<n" ""her unim,si" .. , i,"e. "",n iMP" The y"",J ""n,,
,ugg"u r..i[,d men,p' '" <r~.. '" ' "p,,, h,,,,,,n {<II"""', ,he ,y,,,h,,,i2<d
",un d of ,h. dorohhing d,um i, de"ly foreign (0 ,h, "''' of ,h. mu,ic.1
... MU"< ,. " ... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 163.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=163
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

''''"'''' .nJ ,he ,,,,,,",,i,.., Joubling of ,he puIs< i, J""," m... ,ic d i,h",
Yu ... h,.,,,,,,,, el.., he i., Cook i, no, ,,,ep'- He i, .. "w l1 ~' pb~'i"!; dy jooh
on u" fo , hi, ,n"ntio,,.Jly h.. ,~ _fi>,oo .. mpl'''s """" ""'"' ", .. 11 , he mot<
of ,he ".u,h"" i,i,( ."J ""><ur:J,...." of ,h, op<nin~, "h',h, .. "" now
know, is "" i,h". Cook him",lf .Jm i" ,h" ,he "00:-.1 ,,",,or ..... . , g:.g,
'''''y of '-'),ing, 'Look, [ ... mpled ,hi. ,' "" \vi,h ,hi< h.-"vr-h"nJoo""" h<
,hu, m.k" hi, P""'''''' k"own; ,h. m.. n heh'n,I,h. CUlu,n h.. "",..too
himlf. Of cou,,.,, h, ..... , ,h"e from ,he .",'- Amnti"" I;,,",,il\ "",<>I,
,h .. , ,ho r,,,, foUl second, of"P,,'.., You" .'" 1oo1",d, '" ,h .. , ,he ,w" n><.
i" ,he pi.no, ,h< frogmen, of co""''''''''n , "wn ,he p'''''''' of!"'P'
.M dicK..r< "p<"" d i" <...c,I ~' ,he .. me fo,m . Hi, I""", i, of.n ",ist
., .. young "'0"'"''' i. <b,ly .. (0'''''',,
Tile ,""oJu""''' ''''... OV, Cook pro<..oo, '" u ,h" ,wen,y -=""j,
ofY","mtlgh', ,i"Sil\);, .. " d ,~ , io", p"'" of "~. ,h,ough ,he "st of ,he fi,'"
,n'"ut. ""'K Til, <nti", <::I mple i, he>rJ only ,h",,, ,im ... All ,,,he. "PI"""
,,\C<> of Y"h,,,,,gh', ", ice mme from ,h. bst line , "I h.. ", 10 P""'" you
lih I . hou ld, Cook Jo no, fulth" .1"" ,h, ... mple; ,,,h, ""i"ion ,n
,he "tU'" CO""" from ,h" ",<omp.n inlt'nt, .. h"1 ch .. "S" ,hm"~lO\Jl ,h<
pi:<, Althouth ,hi< i, d.l\ce mu,ic, ... hi,h ""lu"" "p<, i,ion .nd " .. dy
1><", i, h", .. .u"do,~' ,h .. , ",,,~rJ, ,Iooe listening. Cook himself m i~h, "'gu"
10 the oon,,-,,y, hO"''''<I. Ac<cm1'''g '0 h,m, ", i,h J .. n<e mu,,,,, .. nJ hi,
,no,,, hy <>",ion, "Th",', no,hi"g ' 0 '"~ " ,,1 Iiml\ '0. it', ,he ,""und
mck of you, nigh .. ou, ",h ,h .. 1\ "I\y,h i"g , n.,', '"PI"""d ' 0 b< h..,J
0' d,,",u,,",,,1,, hom." g"''' k ng'h ."" y" oo,i ,he ",.1. "" ice , ingi"g
:Uoll~ to ,he b", i" "on",,,.., ,yl1." I<." 0'\7, ,he f.. in! ,,,,,,I boe. ,,"0""
pan )'i"g"1 h.. ", '0 pr,i", you' "", i"g" 'Ol7, ,h< hUm:ln 1><,'_00, ,hy,hm
" U I , "nJ ,h" "",y of gl'~, .. "do" c},mh.1 h'''' ."J ' 0""'''' ,h,'I" tn.,
P<Pl"" ,he ,,,,"re . Mo.t of ,h< " .. " ollly I>< ho>rJ ..-i,h ""eful ,,,,en,ion
.od h.. Jph""", _ ,h" i" .. hom" ,,,h ,h .. " " ,he dub
gooJ d ~..1 mu' ''':J ly. h, >i", mil" mu<h ''''''y hom ,1<
IfC:ook
o, igin.1. C:.un ille Y" hrough'. "1:'k< y,,' Pro i"," olf", rompl"" me">g<,
Oil' ,,"'en, in "1'""", Y"u ." Y,,"mugh', i,,, tltul, if,wN 10", "'''g, """
,,'om.,,', '''''''ing ""J ..,o.u:J ,,;I,ut< '0 ,h. ""n i" h", I'fe. A> ,h" (Om
PO><' """:J,, ,he I~',,,, .re .u,ohiogt'ph ic:d , I ..... ,.,<J ,h< hl<>,h", ""h
""hom [ "'''' ,,".ochoo 10 k"ow ,h .. , "h, n.J co"(J,hut<d . 10, to my
St",,',h ." " 1-... "'''S h.. " ""dOl impl""ion, .. ~<II, Y"hrough ,,-'Olt

,tl'"

.M,,,

W",,<'. " >.0 .. ,.,

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 164.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=164
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

'T.ke y,,' Pc.. i", du,ing [hiyil 'i~h" ",,,,,,,mem, in ""h"h , I><, '" Af''''.. n
Am"i",n ,,'om.n, ."'",, d""piy in""k "d_"] h.. d decided ' 0 gi'~ i, dou
ble m~.. ning." she '''pL.in" "IL "'" .1", d i''''''ed" .11 prop!o of Afric .. n
,nce",y. ,_ ,",'ho h.d" ,h .. , ,imo hn in ,he fron, Ii"", of ,he b", t., to
," ,n ,:oc;,m .round ," The op<ning li,,,,_ "W.\'o <ome long, kln ~ ..-.. y
[(>geth"" _ ref"" ,hen , ro her I"'0ple, no, iu" hor m.n , In Cook', h,.,.d"
hOlh ,he 1"', ,,,n.1 .nd poli,te'] me.ning' of ,he m i~in. 1 E'V.f"l"t<_In f"" , .fr" '" m""h ,h"" , "'I><, i,ioo. i,', unch, ""herh" ,he"" I>'O[d,
m."n much beyond ..,h., ,he 'imh", .Old ' h,"hm' of Y" h,ough', YO;'"
mmmun",,,o mu,,,,.IIy. In , ,u'''''y of inform'] '",' i""" of "P"i You'
I"""d on ,he 1","" I found '-"y few ,h. , ,"en on,ntio<><,1 , he Iy,ic<_
Of ,h" ,e
,lid, '''''''
di""i" i.. < "I ~'n', re,lIy "y ,h. Iy ' ic> 'r<
dp, I><e.u", ,hey'" no,," ono re .. i,,",',, ''''tt'd_ H. ,ummed up [he "'n~
in ,hi, "-'y' "I ,hink on. of my f,;",.d, dOJ.<, ibed 'P"i", You' ho" ..,hen
, he "j,1 i, relt like on. of ,oo.e oo ng> y<>1J <fU i>< "ound oo,,-n ..i ,h . 11 \"tlr
friend. Jjstoning to . nd doing run, ""y "ulf And if you kno.,,' ,h", fed
ing, ,'ou kno.,, v.'h" P,.i", You' (",,1> like, I" iU\[ ' fun ",nK "" \'fh ile j ,
mi!;h' ho "mp, ing '0 Jism i" ,hi, "",,,m,'m .. <Ul"'rlici'] , i, i, im1"'"
" '" on remem"", , h" Cook om i" ,he , .. " m'jo, i,y of ,0.. ''''. "1',,,,.
ing ju" few wonk M" " " I 'g-'in , No v.'On d" f.n, of , ht "'ng h..-e h.d
li"k to "Y :thou, i" Iy, i"
ant cwld ..100 "~ue
,hrou!;h hi, .. mpling (:.:.oJ.: d igi"lIy nouret>
r.,b rough , On
h""i nS' m.. n,' 1"'''1'1< ,hink ,h" ,he ' inS
nun
0' '" unsur< of ,ho gend"" " Cook Ch"'gb Y" hf<) ugh''''-''''t i" , uch .... y
i, i, k>" nu.need ,h", ,ho origin'], .n d ,he I",k"f , imb, ,] du", m.k",
i, 1"'" iblo '0 h<Or i, ,,, 1<no, 0' .. Ito, (Im<r""in~ly, Cook I"'in'-' Oul ,h.,
,h,' 'l",li!), of Y" b rou~h ', .ampled m"" .... , ,n uni",,'nded con""1 u<nce
,,[ ,im .. "",,<h ing," ,he ,ime .. L.,i,'dy new .. ",I ,,,hOI u""lined ,h
n'Gu, u...J !O ,h.nge ,he reml'" of ,,,,,,,rJ ing ... i,hoo, .if,ing i" pih
He ",- w"h<l." '11"",i."ed ,0.. , .. "I 'in~ g,nd<r .'nbi~ui 'y_) " No , doe, ,be
.<Imple off." "'y om.1 du" '0 gend", ,,' h,,~.. , in ,ho o ' igin,] ,he c
ond ,~"" b .. " "Q ,!.",b, " Y" h,ou[;h ,in!>" -Yoo nuke me gL.d I'm,
I>:.u you'"" f.<Iing, thinking n.. n," The l:rck of .ny ,,,,,,,,i,m
in "P"is< You," '" ch, in "Tok. Yo' ]>"i",," .1", "de" ,he ",j"" """.
wi , Th" <if"", of ,hi, Jigi,.] d< .... ,u ,ing i, 'mhiguou" I, i, I"'_" ihl< to h" ,
y.. b,ough', l>Odile,-> 1'<l"0"" f,.rlo"'ng 'ign ili", on, , h" ",n,f,,,m,

h<w",,..,,,

,h.,

",.,re

Ii,,,

,h.,

j,.

,h.,

"Of"''',

,..

MU"< ,M " ... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 165.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=165
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

,I., I""",ml ,mo ,h. un'''"''.1 :tI,J .11"",. ,he "'hg!<' he h<>rJ from" m.l,
f,m,J, . hero>ual 0' horoo>u..tl. f""oe of ,,[mnce. Ano,h .. p<t<'"
b'li,y. I",rhlj" '"" mmw.lly <'iu" . " ,I..., (:.:.oJ.: ,. J'",mpo",.-,ihg
y"brough . ""'hg hOJ h,,,ory. id,m"Y. n,1 v,,,J;,y_ A., K.y Dit:kino.on I...,
poimoJ OU', "In ,h<c.",o{ "mpl ' n~. i, wouk! OO!...,m umo ...,d w Jot" "
",,,moly J ' .. ml~,,,.. "ng ,.,.JinlP from m.l, l"oJ",,,,, choppihg ,hun ..
0"' of ","Omeh" l"',fOl n"",,<.-" It ""ould ee,,,,nly he f"ir !<, y ,Iu, Cook
I.", ",hopped chuh"" ou, ofY"brouj;h" p<,(o,m.",ee_
Wh" , ,hould we n... "" of"p,.;", You ' Ii ,hi, i"" ",,,,hOJ <<>Inpl. of
",hi,. mu,icuh_ Cook _ .pp"'pri" ihg'oJ J.nuJ ing hl""kcul,uf< fo,
prof... nd f.me' ("", ihly ,here "'.. , .h un,,!w.1 po",,, rel"ioh,hip_ Cook
",',",' I"'P"""' ,od ",,~.. lthy m",icUh (he.:oming much ,no" '" .f", ,he
rd~"",o f-r"i", Yool , ""hix' Y,rl>rough', mu,,,,..1''"rt, hmugh, her ",I."
I,,,. mo.-..y .hd nOlOl;"y, .nd ",,,.II hu, fo,~o"'n hy 1998 . (hen l>y
Y"brouj;h he""lf; . he h.d long . inee n.,,,"1 on in I. .. ,,,i.d c""", ..,.
d,n.cer, w r ... "Jio I."". ",i,,,. ,nJ ,~.. ,h.) No,i. ''''',
h,toh'
ing" of ,bt , i,l... , ,I.e Nock "' m""",",, "-like Yo' p"i><" b",on", -P"i",
You ."
y" ,he "orr i, "D'''' bl:.ck :tI,d ",hi,. . h ,un" ou , ,h"Y"brough .......
wlt.lly "pb"'mly ,u'p ,i",d" ""hen she
he"d ,he . ong. Sh. w..
p""",d ,I." Cook h.J ... mploJ ,h. hook from "T.J.:e y,,' I',.. i.. : ",h i,h
she (On,i&" ,he emo' ionli (0" ofher "'ng. ",i,n.n iml"''''''' n" , ,,,sew olf<t_ "W. n",J to p"i><"one .n,,,h,,: , h. p,",in" "",. h""d to >top
.11 ,I., <><W', i,i,y. 0 ,",< Y',u hegih ' " fill ,'our mou,h .. 1<1 fO U' m'hd .nJ
~"'" h.", ""i,n p" ising ''''I><,hing 0' "''''''0'''' ,he pUH1"""h """h'."
Y,rbrough .1", (""Ii ,I." ,he ~o'p< l ~""li,y Cook "'n, ,1.< .. mpl' .....
'pp"'p, i"., . hd h",ugh, Out ,he 'p' ,i,u.I "y of h.. ,o,,~.
in ,he
opett ing of -r .. i", Y"u." (\'\'hil< Cook .ckn,,~loJg" ,I., in~ll<n of
go>l"'l . h< d<n." ,h" ,h,,,, i, .. hy,hihg 'pi",tl ..1iliou, hi, ><>ns_ l roniclily,
i, i, ,he go>p<l "",,,d of ,he Roll ing SWh<1 "Sy"'p"hy fot ,he ]),,' il" ,h"
I., " '" .. in'pi",ioh . Ai u..,k po in" Out, "I'm. big f", of go,!,.! mu,ic,
'''01< , h.n 1.10 ,,(GoJ.") ' An d .I,hough y.,hrough ,rn, .mhi,.I.m
.ho", ..h" .1., c.lI, ,1.< "d.:tnce h,W ,""u" d of ,I., rem.indt- , of ,h, iOng,
she Joe, no, foel ,I." i, in .n,' "'~y dev.lu 1. wo,k . After .11, , he poin"
0"'. "I c.n >t,1i do ,I." "'''s " I do iL And ." "Iu, he did. ,I.,,', on him,
...1." I do, ,I.,,', me_ "
0'

,I., ""

fi,,,

" """,,

"0 " < ' . " ' .0 h

,.,

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 166.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=166
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

I", hi, pm, Co"k undm"",,k ,h" "'h" he did i, on him. "I'm .. I....y,
''''''0 ,h., ""h i" ", i", ..ho. f,m "fbl.>ek mu,,,, ",I to h,," big hi"
"h,n ,hey , ,,,,,,, bl"k r",,,,d,, Alii c.n,.y i" I don', do i, for prof", I do
i, b.-c:ou",
,he mu,jc I I""" ,h., ', ,ht musi, I "':til, to m.. ke in my
""y, I . 1",,)1' lIy !o n"k, , u,., ,h" ,he migin:d ""i" g'" ,ht c..,.]i, .nd
,ht '''''''''yo
"" To ht ,u,." Y"lorough ,,,,, i,,,,d horn, Co"k WI'" htl ,,,"co,,,
p0"" c'Mi, . ml .. 60
,h.,., of ,he roy.. lt i... . gen,mu ""nS"'''1\l
in.l<ed, Cook h""",..", m,y h"", b,,,,d fmm "' I"" i,n . On hi< pre,; .
ou, . Ibum . lI",,, Li, 'mg ,JmJugh eik_w,ry. he .. mpl,d gui"" chord. fro m
Th, Who', "I DOl', bp!. i"" wi,h"", ptfmi,,;"n. Not unl il . y<-'" .. f" , i"
1<= did Cook 'PI"""" 1'<<< 'lo..'n,h"" I. the ,ompo"" .nd col'y'i~h ,
hold" of ,ht "'ng . The e".u ing n<go""io", ht t"~"n ,hei' n"pe."i,,"
b wyerr endM b"U,' fo , Cook, 'I"""",ht"d ...... given ",Ie ,om!""", ,..,.] i,
fo, ,ht . ong ,Old '00 f'<":e,,, of ,he roy:d ,ies.~ Cook ol"ioudy ..... "red !O
,,"oid ,ueh. d<h"dt ""i, h "p,.i", Yoo." N,,..,,, hde,,. Y"hmugh ''''ti,.-J
(:tIld st ill eei,''') ' cons iJe",hle , mou nt of mon,'), f~'m ,he >on~ no, only
from .Ihum .. I<s, bu, from lin'i ng f<t, p.id h,' ,ht, "''''y film .nd 1<vi,ion p,oducer< "ho h,,'. UM the ""'g. Sh, do<. "'" do"""pi>y t""
'ignif""' n of ,hi, "' indf,lI, ... hi<h ,he hos desc, ibt,d ., " gir.. " Sht Lm ,
jokM."1 h.." 'I~" i num ",rd, '" now I p".i", F"OOt, Slim' "" M",<""",.
"]'"i.. You h.. s " ,,,ugh, good ,Id of I""it i '~ ""ntion !O Y"h,ough
."d ht" music, bdi n ~!O [he ","",k ... of her 197\ .J bu m n" f ro" 1'0,
CoM,,,, ,wo "-m i",,, of ,he iO ng. nd , r",,.. lu., ;"n of h" pLoce in POl'u ,
!., mu,jc by ,ho 1''''''. Cook nuy h,,'< "ehol'PM chunk;' OOt ofY.rb,ou~h',
!O n~. bu, ,he ",,,,Ir h.,dly "",m, '0 h,,'e!>een d i"ml"'''~ 'i ''g,
In 20m I p",,,,,,,.,,j ,hi, "'''' "udy to." "nd"~,. du,,e d>s' on POl'u"
b, ",us ie.OO il\\' i'M Y., brou~n!O
to , he "ud,m, . The
~'<'" ench.mod by Y"h",u~h .. Old f<ll in kr,'e ... i,h htt ,",us ic. Y" "
impre<'J " ,hty were ""i,h Y,rbrough', "ltnt .00 im<t;ri,y - or f'<, h. I"
bee,u", "f i,_ . num b", of " ude"t! were di" l'poi,uM ,h" >he '" " , d
ily 1<ccp.. d Coo'" "p,.i", You ." In 1m, discu"ion , ,h,,,, "ud,m, " id
,h" Cook'< " .., n>en, of "hh Yo' I'<>i"'" ...... ,lem~.nin~, .lId fou nd i,
distu,hing ,h" , Yarbrough, ,"'ho ,poke", fOJ(efull y to u, . oou, ,,,,i,m .lId
inj"stice , ,lid no, ,.,. ,h., ,he h",elf h,d !>een ploi"'d, R<g. ,dl"" of
"0'" Y"hmugh feh :IDoU' the mmer 0' how ",<II
p.. id, ,he", "".
.l<n" "iii felt ,he", ....., iOmhing "'tong . oour ,h, "hoi, .If,i"

,h",',

fk"'''''

'I"'''

,,,,,I,m,

,"e ..."

,>0

MU"< ,. " .. . ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 167.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=167
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

Ah hO<Jgh I 'y mp"hiz< ",i,h , hoi, "i''''poi ", , 1 d i,"t;"'" "'i, h i" .nd ", il!
p,,,,i,, in .. ,i"i ng' " "n.m big...-.'" ,'i,w of ,he,. ' W(} "'ng< . nd ,h,i, reI._
, ,,,,,h ip, .nd (}f digi, '] " mp];ng in ~, ,, e,,L S .m p l i n~ h" ofn be,,, " i,_
i<ii td " fuoJ .. me "" lIy un<re" i," , '\'en u.... ,h"''].'' Ttue. "ne <'"~ hw
un im>gin",,-e OOrrow ing< , h" " pi, '] i2< on ... mpk', f.mi],.ft<y. n,i,h"
,">,<.Iing new ""Y' of h ''' i n~ ,he " mple no, e"",hi n~ it> m" ,i<.1 , ,,,_
rou nding<. AoJ m. ny mu,,,,i. n, h.ve hoJ ,he" 1'0'0' . . . ml'led "" ,h" ut
oo i, 0' P'Y"""" ",i,h o,hm pmH'ing f,o m ,hei ' ,,~.,ivi ,y. h,hoy Slim"
"I'"i", y,,,, ," h""..,,ot, Jo", "'" . 11",, '" ,h, ]" , ury of. h]'"h , <"n_
d, m"", ,,n (Ot celeb"" ",n, f", ,h., ""net), ir <>n be undemooJ " de,i,_
"il" .",,'M"" !. ploi"'i'" dnd"'I""',ful. . "i<",.,d ,,,,d.ub,le. Tbe "''' ~
mo t"'''''' . "i",. qu""io n. of <"", i,i<y . nd ",igin. li<y, .. nd f",c<> '" ' 0
co nfron, i"u of gend", d= . nd ,,<e. In ,h" """, the r<J..,ion. hi p
be, " ",n ' p"i", Y"u" .nd -h h Yo'
b' i" ~' into fo.: " ,
of ,h,
""i.1que" " "".
nd . mh'gu i,i" ,h" f:te, ,h, "udy of digi"l .. m_
pi ing,,, i, p" ." ''''' '0 u, ,he p""i in m""ox",m

,,,tie<.

1',.,,,,"

"'"I<

D IG ITA L A E STHETI CS A N D POL I TI CS


I N - F I G HT THE P OW E R"

Con.iJer ,he ol"' nins of Puhlic En<my'. 199" "'I' "'I\~ -Fi~h, ,h. Power"
('Ir..,. 'J 01\ doe .,comp.nyins CD) . In I"" ,h." . min,,, more ,h. n .
dou n ""npl fly h~-. chopp" d, I""pod, ]'Y'''''!, . " d ".n.f"",,,d in . ny
nu mbe, of O'M ' "";~ ' The ,on. ,. , ;n ,h, 0p"nins <on.ls hy ...wn. ," , 'gi" ,oo "0"''' " y" o" r I",,, ,,,,noo, be" 00'"'''00 , be" 'qui PP" d,
bes, p"'l"",d ,roop' ,efu>" '0 ligh' . M",,, of f.>Cr. ,,' ..fe '0 "Y ,h .. 'My
,,'ould ",hOI ''''i"h ,h.o fi~h ,- " The ..-.:ond ."", ;on (Oel7 - 0 0'4), "" "
, hrt~ m<", ,,r<, long, i, .!>Coo,oo by ,he d",,,d thy,h ,,\ of. >'OC.J "''''pi<
"'1"",1 , ;, ,i n"". Tbe wo,J,; . re indi" ;",,r, .nJ ", i,h good " ""n_ ,h<y're
b",k",,,d,. Th , wo,d re "pump m. up. ' from h , uhJ< Funk', j 9~ > "'ng
of 'M .. ,"" n."",. Ag:tin" ,hi, pmern mdoJ ", IiI\< , ,u uk dp i", o 'M
,,, ix, ",.h . up"',,d ;n n ;pl,,, " , ,, ,h< , hr n""" ,,,. The ",und , ob,i
ou,ly elecnon",.lIy 1" oce .oo, "" ybe ,he ""'pho .... phying of U" " fo,d
M.". I;" ,he o nly in", um, n" li" {in oJdi, ;on ,,, Tot mio"o, X, ""h" pro,iJed , h. , ,,, ,,,,ble ",,,,<h< ",ho I"' rfo, moo 'I"'<ifie.JI,' fo, ,hi, "''' ~
Eigh' hi" of. , n.re d, um ;n ,he
rne .. ur<.oJ ", me voc.J ",d._

=",,,!

00 " < ' . "

. 00 . .

1>1

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 168.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=168
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.


May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or
Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.
Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 169.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=169

" " . , ".no ,


1"0' "'I' '''I' OM lU""'-lI 'p)O ''',''.or " 1<1 ",,, .'''''''''J "~ l lqil"1. ~S"O~IIV
,i'I"''''p''' do~.d, ~ "'~, ~""''''OJd ,"oo ~'" ~\"[n JO ""J>~l'"
1" "
'~l '''''''J "J <X" "m, "'l'" "'''"I'''''! ""ono,,, p ' " '" U>J,

"",,,,.,,J

'J''' )0 lmoJ wm"o" 1'''' ""n,,, (~ .J,~ "' ... "89 ~u'pun") 'I"'"'"" '"
[CI .~, '1>,"'''01'1 ' ~''''lJo p"",b., ", ""''1 S"' lqw",,, 1'''" ~"'''''I ''' "'
'II ' ~' "'I' 1'"' " [n ('( I,n"""" I"''''''J' '0) '""uo m,,, """"p<Ud do~.d, ~
'U"I'I '1
"''''''

,",,,,J.>,, SU1[CI u, ""'",,."uoo '" ""l'I"",n, '"' 1"""" ,,,, ~

0"" (1"1'"1"" ,,".""J ,~, 1qi1'L) <!" ""'" u, ~",dool q~noq' IV "1'' 0''''
'W" '~l 8u"" ld "Iq""'" ' o~ , " """""'I ~"O) 1'''' ~,.~ 8U ' ~"'M' "q
p." ,...!" "'I 1'1"0."- .,[,'"'1. '" '01'" ["'U'W""'''' "" "H"" d,(, - .S",,,I

I"f"0:,) " '9 J>ld'q' "'0') ""'"~ "" 'V -",L~, 'q' JO .[(] <1"'l.J,~ '~l wO 'J
w, "1''''''1' ',(II"~"",lI J" "' pu. ;"''''''J , ql lq~'_1. "' ~UT~ '~_l
-""' ~,.w

1'''' """'"UI

u""'''''''l '''''",'"~U' I,mnw >~, """"wnll' II "" """"oJ 'q' 'qiI'L"' "0"'

"""b >A1"""0)'...! 1'''" 8ul(looj)0 ><n ',""""'1 " Iq"d "~"'1 V l""n
pu, p"''''''pun" ~O"~'" >01' ""0\{ ><i'q' ,,,",,,,m,, JO ",,,,,,,,,d I" "
' ''[0'11'''' 'I'Jm ln> '"''q''''' "'I' ""'q ' I""'" "
, ql " mq ,S",
'1"0:' I' U"'" JO '''lll'qllw<1 1'''' """"11'" '~l 0' lU,wm ,, , '1"1"' pu.
" 1<1'"00' " .","0,] '~l ' qS~1 _ ' j) '1l<>q"'' ,m, "''' Plnro ~I"'" ," "'U:.J
>Irq",] 'r'~'1 1''''' '"",,oJ ,~, 1~~~1" ' md 'Id,y,s "'"1"'-" '.""OJ~ "'1' 0'
,''SotOU~'''' ~"'f"""" JO '''I''''u,",,'''I' '1''''''"'~ ;"'Idu,", 'n<>q< I'''' ''''lU'
mo. ',u ''ldx> -(] ~""~J ".w,,~od, 1'''" ,"'d" '''''''] " ,q"d y,~tr\
,,-" "0 ,. '" II'" ' Y' '''''
. " .., ' 1" _'1' ",o _ S""'I"u" 1'''' '~u"'''I '~X> '~",,'mp" ,",,, ""'''"1'
..",J ',""'''''3 "I'I"J 'q 1""""" '''lI'''~_l ~ ''''Iw", '''''''n>nJ '!lOIJ~' 1''''
' C<1U'J 10H . ,L6, '.0"'0'9 "'u,[ "'OJ)) ''''I "~""~IU." 'monS" II"""
"(,,umS ,nOOJ'J '.uMOJ9 ."",[ J"'u"" ,,~'" ,~ ] pu, "Ol' ,.'"~ Jql)
"IJ~,", I<>OA I" ,u"yjj,,) ,noJ "1'""< "'I'" JO "oq ." "OIJU,'" ',"""
''' I '~' ' 0) ~W'''''"<Y.) ' P"'~ """ I"J< ll~ " w, '~I I'U< (",~ w) '''"'I'
'''q .~, u, ' ''''''' q' qS " 0,"" '''9 ' q' '1"0 " "10",, " ~10 )0 q',,, "U"!'
"' ~"'" I"~myqn'" " o.(.l"Oql '""",-"'d, '" "Y'" "I'" .. !>",,,,n,c]
"r"~~ _ '.PI'9' I'Iqms ' P"D 'H I"WO' ","ow U'A' " '""'J,, , ql JO
"U", '" H~1 '" dn 'p'~1 ~" q,,, '(M- 'o_t"o) "0'"'' IX'" "q.r, ('(I "mp
',><i tt" ',''''''''1 "I'I"J 01 1"'" "r' "'III"'" "'" '''"''''''''(] '~l "q ,I,,!)
.~m% 'I ""S ' q'''%. ~"'" I'""" <.6, ' q' WOJJ .. "nq, ~)f)~'.
"ou "",on"",I'''' = ql JO'''0) ->lm] .~, ,no 119 p"q ' ' q] U1,,,omw

'.lU" ."'"'

""',,,,""

lenSth of tho", f",sm"",,;, f,;tly ,hot!, '" n>o",,,, Ie" th,,, .. "",,,,.I
long. ho,,, ,u,h .m t.'<"",-,my"f m.",,; .. 1. ,ht f"",.."d. half minme """k
" .. n o"ly ,,,, is! ,h rou~h .n "" .. v.~.. ,, of looping. Ind""d, .., Ch u<k D.
o"e" tolJ '" in",,;,wer. W" p"t loop, on top of loop, on to!' 0[1001"" "
hu exompk ;n jUi! one fou ...,,<ond ""llm<n, (0"4 - 0,,8). " 10." !tn j ;,.
,inC! s>mpl",.te being looped; ,II< ... hole ""'"'" i, ,hon "'1'''''' .1 fou,
" ,ot< time; ... m".... loop un,;1 ,h" "pp'" "mer. The ""'tion;, wildly
poJy,h~',hmic, " ';,h no ,wo "mple, ov",I'pp;ng <ompl"ly. """h "'I< rom
1""" [0' ,h, I;",u' ,mion. Th;, ";,...01 imer"" ing mu,;c..1 q"""
, ion ; \Vh" i, ,h" <IT"", of ""''''';ng t"S",htr.., m,ny d;" i,,,,, .. nd opf'<'"
;n~ ,hYlhm, ;nto.n o"; n.. ,,,' An un,,y b"bnc< ;. struck. Th" "'I"',;,;on
provid< ... oo n,;mm pul .. . ~.('! ,h, ",~ul."yn<op"ion of th"'''"'u,[,,S'
m<nl> h"dly provid", .. n..-..l,,1 of , .. hil;,y. Tn, , ul, i, >omh;ng of.
p"..Jo,- , groove ,h" ",,,,,h,,,,,, ,ius ;nt,;,,r, ili,y howtve> m.ny
, im i, ;, "'1""",.1. Th;, I''''ct; i, .1", <b",,,,,,,i,,;c of '~r;"'" Af,i",n
Amer;c.. n mu,;cs ,h ... do no, ullk< u!t of digi ...1>lml'ling. Ont neeJ only
listen '''. "'-y. J.m .. B",w,,', "1'''1''-' {;"' .. Bt",J Nt"" Bog" 0' "Funky
P, id,m." both d"n",ly p>ekeJ ",;,h mml'tl ing ">! in,,o<. '" und,,,,,, nJ
,h ... I"op;n~ "'I""-"",,,.n "mn, ion of ""I." 1' '''';<1'<, M h,, .. k from
,h"m . The loop, in "Fight th. I\,...,,".rt "'" only I,.~ymtu;c . they",
f'<'ly, imh.. l. "I',,m ins ",.b", con' prut t Oily W ilson cal l, the - h"1<'oS,,\<ou, ",unJ ido.1. "P Such .. n ;Jt>I ,al u. d i"'" i,y of ,one ,010"
",und;ng ,;mulun"",,,,ly .01.1 i, d"mon",,,,,d ,n .... id, ,~, i<t y of Af,;",n
.nJ Arr;c,n Am"ic.n "I""oi,es. Limn .g.;n '" the "",ion following
,ho"l""';ns ' pohn .. tnp\t ; ,he com bin"ion of 1'''1("<>;'''' s,unt>, ,;nS"'ng
'I"Nh . ,hrobh i"g N .., . " ",k;n~ Jrum, . nd h i~h.l' i "h,d ring ins J,fi n
"ht!<I,,!;,nrou,." Thi' m"". I""p i, ,herefo rt no! , imply. t",h nological
",.nif"",,;on. hut . , uir u,al " 0'
l'u hlic En,my', "mpling in "Fi gh t th< P"wer" "'".." f'<'litical '" w,,11 "
mu,ic,1 "".I,.1'0.'0 i, no m;",k,ns ,II< "'''g', , h"o tic. Tht Iy ,; "'I"'"
hl""k p,;d". vo",,, opp(><ition to ,0. ~h;,, "'l>hli,hm<", . ",J ...1,1",..
,,,,i,m. f"eJom of 'p,,h . ".1 ,h" rep""" n",,;on of bb,ks ;01 Amu;",n
I;f, ",.I cuItUf<. To ....,d ,h" tnd of ,ht so ng (p8- );'41 Chu<k D. "I" .
" ~1"" of my h,,,,.,, ,lon't '1'1"." on no ",ml"/S .. mplo. I""k h.. ck you
look .nd find/Noth ing hut reJ n",ks for 400 ~~.... ;f ~"" chk.~ Tht
us< of ,ht ",""rd "''''pk i, ' ;gn;!ic.nL Pu hlic En, my', I('meJy i, l<, p"".iJ,
.u . ' . "

> .0 h

",

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 170.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=170
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

i" o... n ",onpl . lir.ily in ,he form of Jigi, i" ,J <niPI'''''_ p<,fo,on .. , i"
wo,k of it< unJ .. rep,"",moo h.ro",. Among ",h.".
,h,,", ",mpl., I'''Y hoon ..~, to M,ik;. B.m""....... Bob!>y B)"J.j''''ts lIM,ll .
Gffirg< eli"ton .nJ FunbJd"'. ,he j.>ehon. Sly:tllJ ,h. hm il}' Ston .
nd'Imuhk I'unk .. 1I ..", i,,,,1f'gu"" in ,h, J<vei.-.pm.n, ofl".,.,,,,,,,, .. ,h_
ctmu,y Afr;.",n Am<ric.. n populu onu,ie (.. nd 1"'I,ul" m",ic. p< ,i,><II.
AI' hough m.. n}' of ,he ,,001'1.. in "Figh, ,h. Po"",," '" J i>gu i",d beyond
"cog"i,..bi];,y, d,m i, no on i" .. king Bon,",'n', yun" .. nd Il.i.m hw ..., ,1.<>
"onie.lly l"oce ..J ,,,,,!om.. ion . E""n ",h,n n,,, , ~.. dily ;J""iluhl. ,h
.. mpl" cI."ly Jra ... fro", Mrictn An .. ,ic.n ,u l,ure . V"i"", "ho,..,ion.
wonmon in bhek musi< ,nd ,hurrh ,vi. _ "Le, n" h." )"" ,-,y:
"C,nn, on .. nd S'" d"",'n : "B,o,h", .nd , i"","_ ,lor ,h. ",unJ""p<
Roinforring ,h, mLlS",.I""'pk...", ,,,,,,,1 "fm"ct-; to ,h. """ic ofht.,k
Am"",,,,, (m,ny of ,h,m .1", quo,w rlig i.. Uy), i ndu d in~ "",unJ of ,h,
funky d,um"",," (J .. m.. B,,, ... ,, ,,, d ClyJ. Srubbl,lirld). "I know you go,
",ul" (,he ,i,l, of. Bobby B,'N .nd, h, ... :tIl Eric H. ,nJ R.kim ",ng) .
-(,edo", 0' J",h" (. S""""nie . ong) . "p<ople. poople" (from j,n.. ,
Il,""n', "Funky P,e. id,n,"). nJ "I'm bl><:k .. nJ I'm proud " I).m"
B,own'. f,mou. ""h,m). Th, meh ,i,k i,,,,lf i,wok.. ,h, 1,I.y Hro,h",
"'''g of ,h, ,-,n" n.II"'." h,ully, mo", gen,,,] ",foro,, !O M,i<.n
A,,,or,,,,,, mu,ie i, implici' ,h,,,,,ghou, ,h. emi" "'ng_ in it< vin"o>",
"",,,pi ing ,oJ toop ing. " F i~h, ,he P"".... , d,.,,,,~ upon .nd hono" ,h. wo,k
of ,h. hip_hop Dj
In BL"t Ne,,,, 'Iii<i, R",... "'s"" ,Iu, ".lrhough '''p musi< i, .h'I>t,d
by " ,d w",ul""J 'h,ough .J,'"",oo "I',,><lucrion ,~u ip"'<n ' . i" "yli,_
,ie p, iori,,,,> .re no, mt"eiy by_p'odu,,, of ,u,h 'quip""'", . " ~ "Fi~h, ,h,
1'''''.... , ' ]>",(",1,' ill"""", ,h" d,im. On ,he on. h,nJ . i, """uld be """ .
"rdi, ,.. ,ily J iili c"I" 1'''' h.p. i"'I"""ihl. , H' "'1',,,,1,,,,,, ,he den" pol~'phon;,
.nd di"in"i," , imb,.. "f ,h. ,hy,hn, "",k wi,he", Jigi,,1 ... mpl ing. E""n
if ,he ",ml'lt-d ",usici,,,. ",.<to 10 I"' ,form ,h.i, ,hopp<d .nd looped p""
in <oncerr (.n un lihly pre"p,,:r'). ,hey ,h,mI",> ,,,,,Id no, enedy "1"0due~ ,h ... o,igin'] . I, is !\o' ' imply ,h<i' \ '0""" or ,hei' pl .. ying ,h" i, impo, _
''''' . bu, 'I"",ifie ." d .... 1I _known ptrfo ,,,,,,,ct> ,. ",oJi-"w ,hrough
""""ding ,echnoiog... . nd h< .. ,d on doc, of. """in "in,og<. AnJ " " n
if i, we", ",m,how po"ihl. to "c"'". , h. "'''1'1.. , to do '" ".-ou]d be 10
tn i ,h, I",in, of hip_hop """rl ing <"'"plmly. A.> jo'"'ph Sehlo" h"
~uo""io" ._of ,he

,,.

MU'<C , .

"

... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 171.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=171
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

Ii",

d,mon",,,,,d in hi, "udy of ,h, I',,,,ie<. i, i, ,he .. mpl. _ nm ,h,


I'tffo,m,mce- ,I" , i, ,he " . 1 ,h ing, A, 0<>< product! .. pi.in<d!O "im,
liw ,"'''''',",,, "ju<I dot",', ",und
Thore'. " Hn"hing .b.,u ,
,he ..... r " Id [<<<ml, ",und ... Mn 'hry're pu, 'OS",h" ' igh!. Y"u c:m', ,uily
""'''p'UI< ',m ,,",hen you pi.y lli"'l. "," In <>th" "",.h, i, i. pform"i'"
guo", ion_ m,d, "".ib b], by digi,..] >:Imp]ing_ '"" .llow, Public
Enemy'" 0.. 11 f""h. I"mhron ofbuck fig",,, ... i,h .uch ,i,idn .... And
i, i, ,he IlUn ipul .. bili,y olfeml by """o,d ing 'hoology ,h .. , m.k", i, po"
' ihle!O imer"""," ,he", "'Ulld, inw. ' ich mllag<.
y" ,h, ."uc!Ur< .. nd "'"' u''' of ,he mus" """'"<>t d i ,,,e<l~' Jetem, i<><J
by ,h, '00], us<d '0 cr."e ,ht'm , It:llh" , Publ ic En,,,,y employed ,h, ....
,,,,,k in ""-"1' ,h .. , "''''00 ,b.'i, own musical .nd ,h"" ,><-.. I <M', Thry "OIJld
no doub, "g''''' ",i,h Stu ... ",nic'. D.dJy O. i,oo" .. "lyric.1 in'p i" .
,ion" in ,he lin" "Ote, of h .. , Df4 B!.td f'1 .. ,,,~ ,h" "A mple', jU<l
,,,,,,i,/A l'""ion of my "'<lhod, !Ooliin f"" i,'. only ofiml"'''.''''''' h,n
[ m,k. i, p,i" ,i,y,"" S.. ml'li"~ """'. 10 conti"u. ,he pJigi"l,
prepOQllos"phic pr""ice of .ignifying ,h" "os< in ,h, Af,ic." Amic:ln
rom,ounity. Si~nifying, ... hich c." ],. u",J 10 bo.<I, insult. I',.i .. , 0' mo,
.Iize , gen"ally I'I .. y, 0" ,h< m.ny po"ible m.." ing> .lId ,n'<rpre.. ,"m.
of. gi>en " .. "men,: i, i. in ,he word, ofH"''Y Loui. G",. J',." "bl,ck
dou hie-v"i -d"".. .. "
We c,,' ... how in "Figh , ,he 1',,..,,," '-'mpl ing i, Jigi,..] f" ,m of <ig'
nifying. (Rec .. 11 how in ,h.p"" 6 jUln .. bli,m ... " im'oked".n "",log
fo,m of ,,~"i fyin~ .) The douhl..,,,,icNn,,, of ,h, "'mpl" i; d"", . .. , ,w"
...,np"" will illus" ... , In in o,igin.] mn,,,,,. ,h, ol'""n ing "'mpl' (,"y"
ou, ],... ".inN
"001" ",fuse '" tigh''') """" likcl~' ,ef,rred to 'M
\r,<ln.m \':'", In quo'ill~ , hi. p""'g' . Pu blic E""my p"'s<'v<> it> hi",,
,..... nd fUlY. hu, br,,,d'"i ,he me""ge, . ugge>! ing [h" ",.1 inj""i
<on><> no, from ... i,hou, lin ,h, fotm of.he mUfilty'. ".-:u .in" l i~.. I.) hu [
from ""'i,hin. in 'M fo'm of ,,,i,m, ro,~"y, .nd crime, "" ihu,oo here '"
,he ... hi" e", hli.hme nt _ ",he 1""''' ,. "Th, >""emem of "propl', 1'''''1'1,(l:4j) i, li" ,ally doubl""' i"d: Flm,, FI .. , .. nd. <:ltnpled J.m., B,o\>'n
(fwm "Funky P",~ d,n''') 'I'"""k .imuh".ou,ly, Bu [ ,he doubl""',,icN'
n"" i1", ,h,,,, ,ic.1. FI..",, F1:tv p,ocl.im> "1'>1'1" 1'"""1'1< we '" 'M
<:>.,ne," ... hik Chuck D, 1<1Ort<. "No ,,"" '", no, ,he ",m,." On its o,,"'n, 'M
Iy ,ic "'1''''''''' ,he oon~ic, he,wn ... ionil .. ion .. "J ><p .. ,,,i.m ~ i,hin 1M

.,,,be,,,,,,

"0 " < ' . " >.0 h

' 50

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 172.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=172
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

bl",k <o",,,,u,,i,y. Th .JJ i,ion of J.m IIm"m'. ",ice " I" ;"to hi. cuI
,ur.1 .u,hor i,y, wh ile Jinkin g Puhhc Enemy'" ,he 10;. compl><em 1'.st of
,h. civil 'i~ h" ._
Yel ,h. I"''''"'' of ,he", .. mpl,d """,,,m. <om no, jUst fro,,, ,hei ,
"" rds, bu , from ,h,i, voi.c , ,hei' digi"lly .. n,pled '-0"' . I, i, ,h. "g,.in"
of ,he>< voi, _ c'p,ured i" "'qu,,,,,,, of" ,",d <_ ,h", It uly gi,-., ,h<i '
",,,,d, m"h 1''''''''. And r"u,,,I.nd [<lund ...e go, ,ht m<io.ge e.n"o, ht
u,,,b,,,,,,,1 "'i,hou, .,...",ining ,he ",<dium. .... hile ,he n.mre of ,h,' '''<.
'''''''''g<.O n<w.y of und",
diu,", i, "'" fully ' pp.",m ",dep.,oJen, of
"'nding "Figh, ,he Po"'''. ,he". i, ... fou ... nd. _h.. lf minure ,,,,,,ise
on the phon"S"ph elf"". ,,,,. ,h"., "",<>10, n,u,h .. .. ny,hing J i..:u",d
in ,hi, hook, ,he co n'pl l .. ion,hip h",,,',,,n .... i" .nd ''''hnolog)-'_

,h,

000

'100 ofn d;>cu"iono of ""'piing " .. , ,ht p".,,",e .i mply .. ' hMlog.

ic-.. I '1uo",ion . How,>' ., I h".,,< ,uW",,,1 ,hroughou, ,h ioch'pt<l, .. m

pJing io

moo, funJ.:umn ..lly.".It of mtnJfc,""","'m_ A ""'pie ch." S"

,h. mom<m i, i, " Ioc".d . Any ",und. piKed imo. new m",ic. 1con

'''', ,,ill uk. on ",me of ,he ,h.""e, o/i" ",.,,' ",nie ,nvimn n,,'n, . EveI)-'
"Funky Drum",er ' ''''pk ho,,',w, ,ecosn il:lhk bd,. di"inct life i"
in new home . Thu" ,ht "",nd .nd >en .. of. ,wo",cond dlUm h",.k
"'''y ,h.n~" ,:oJic:olly ftom ",ns '0 song. "~n if ,he p.mmo of " . nd 0,
do no,
y", "''''pi.. "".-I y I,,.,~ hom<' undunged, .",1 i, io in ,hech<1'pi"~, loop_
ing, ,,,,,.kin~ nd ,h uffl i"S ,h", ,he.It i, u uly found. '10.< ... mpled ",u"d,
.,,, ""lIy ""ly " ... mm ,i" . .,..i,ing '0 ht mined .nd ",fi""d. Th i. i, m,d.
most c!t->, in ,he ,,"o,k of l'.ul Lmsky, .... ho", sources.", '" '' "'ng< bu,
e""yJ .y ",und, "oJ i, i, up to him!O giv< ,hem mu,ic ..1 m~.n i " g ." d
sym;.,_ Bu , ewn fini,h<d compo<i, iom .'" ore in , he .. mplor', h;.nd,
"T... Yo' P,;.;"," i, "ill ' e<osniuhle in -p,:ti",
bu, in ,h.nging it>
",u" d, Norm.n C<>ok h.. u""forn"d it> fu"",ion .nd m.. ning '" ...ell
lIycM":,",', '~'Y li,d< of , h< or< l'uhli< En.,", ~, min in "Figh, ,he 1'0",,,'
i, '''''It recogni:u.ble. h,,'in~ hn u;.n,formoo .., d"m",ic.lly.
s"mpl ins i, .1", It.n,form"i,'e in;. Ie" ... ns ible ""y, in ,h" i, btu!>
,h< ,,:oJi,ion" di"inion ht, ...""n iJ~.... nd <>1'",,,10,,,_'" As ,hey >I. 'l'Pic:tll,' un,I .."ood in ,h,' <!iou,,,,,ofin,,lIectu.! pro[><"y, .n id.. i, . oon

y",,:

,,. MU' '." ... ..

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 173.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=173
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or

"1". pr i"cipk. 1"""<>" 0, 'l",m ,h.., i, i"d'p"nd.", of '''yfo,m, ,,hil,


.n "1""""''' i,. P",,",ui. , ,rnhoJin..", of tI", id<> , Fo , ... mplo, ,I>.
,0ne,I" ,h .. ""und ",<ordi"s inifu.n"", mod"" " ,u, i",,1 life i,.n id""
on, ,n., J ...J ""'ny 0'1>. , poopl. " .... _0" ,h, o,h", h",,,i. c,'pr.,mg
So.nd i, p""icuu , "1''''<>''''' of ,h., iJeo , I" p,,,,,, i<O<'. ,he dichotomy i,
"", .1"")~ !<I ,br-< U' , b u, J iSi ' aI "",,\pli,,~ rn uJJi<> ,I>. Ji" if>( "''' aI mo"
hey""d recosni,,,,n , -I,ouble Fu"k'. '9 g"""8 "Pump M, Up' i> obv",usly
no,.n lb.""" id .. , hu!. "'''''' ""pre",io", Bu, do<> ,h. I""",'" >.:Im_
pled i" Public En<tny', "Figh, ,h, rower" rm,.i" Trou h], Fu"k'. "'pre>, ion "h,,, i, no "'"S'r 1><-.. " .ny ..",m bt.roce t<. it> u",I,,,,,J m,.' hot',
Public Eol<my', u of ,h.., <ou"J ." 1''''''''''' di" i"" from Trou hl,
I'unk'. ' And if >0, ,1,,,,, ,h.., m.h ,h. Troubl, Fu"k "'''s ,b< f>W ""te_
ri.1 of." id<> (0' ...~n. wholly diffe",nl ideo) for Puhlic E""my'
Th. ",Ilal'",of ,ho ide"'''l' r..>io" di,horomy could h.". ",,,,ider.bl"
, .. nin"l"'''' for ,opy right i.w, for wh;], "p",,,io",.,,, kg.ll y pm,w.d,
i,h, ... ""'- If "mpl i"~ """ I", ,nol< lik . ... ki"g i"'pi ,"io" from
.. ~>thd. id, .. lh." 'PI'ro pri"i "~ .n",bd , "p",,,io,,, , ,h." .... npling_
i" m.ny cr,s", _.hould he """ed .. , form of prol.Cled 'p""h immune
!O p",,<cm ion fo , <opyrigh, i"fring,me",- My poi"" ho"..,,'<',. i, "01 '0
"Su. ,h. 1<g.>.1 i",Uei of .. mp]ing_ '" >r... I h..,~ i,,nt"'n,lIy ,,'oiJ,d.
"I hel io.... i, """",.de,... "" nuny ""'''' int""''' ;''g "'1""" of ,h< p"c_
,ic., R.Hh, I "i", ,h. OJo,_p",,,,,,,, dich",omy ,,,J,n..,,,,,,,"o lht ..d_
ic.lly """fmm"i," po .. ",i ..1of Jigi,,1 "'mpling
l'i",lIy, .,mpli"g h" ".",fo ,m,d ,h. >elY '" of COtnp' il"''' , Whon
}"']>O>< " .. onpl' "'i"i"~ ,,'0<10., ,h,y I><gin " 'i,]' ""l".... io" . ",,,<fo,m
,h.m inl" iJus . "..! ,htn 'Wl i" ;ntO Ole,,' "1'''''''''''' , _'''''pli"S obv i".,
,h. ,,d fo, no", ,,,n 0' l><d""nH', ,if>(' ,h. fi"a1 p,oduct i, "", .. ..:or<
"'gui ri"~ int"'p ,oti .. , r<>iiw ion, hu, do<utnen, of Lin"y "Uln;""
"'guiri"~ eltcrm"ic ",,,,,,,,ion , C-Om]>O><" "ho ,,'orl: "i,h "''''I''''' "",k
dir<"Cdy "'i,h !<IU '..!, lhu> ;"comi"g mOl. lih ,hti' counter I"''' in lht
'i>ml ."J pt."ic "", A, ruhli, Ent'my'. Chuck D, pl .. i".d. ">'>:'e '1'_
pm""h t'\" I)-' rt~orJ like i, ,.,." .. p:oimi"g,"" s..mpling i, rich " ,d COtn_
ph pr:tC!ice, """ lh.., ch.lle"S',our ""''''"> of originali,y, ofbol""" i,,,
of ".f" .nd ,wn of ,mpo<il ;on il",lf.

"0 " < ' . "

' .0 ,. '51

Katz, Mark. Capturing Sound : How Technology Has Changed Music.


Ewing, NJ, USA: University of California Press, 2004. p 174.
http://site.ebrary.com/lib/brown/Doc?id=10068606&ppg=174
Copyright 2004. University of California Press. All rights reserved.
May not be reproduced in any form without permission from the publisher, except fair uses permitted under U.S. or