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Chegg Guided Solutions for Process Dynamics and C


Chapter 12 Problem 3E
CH12

3E

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Step 2 of 11
Write the expressions for controller settings derived from Equation (1).
CH12 2E

(2)

(3)
Consider the process transfer function.
(4)

Compare Equations (1) and (4).

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Step 3 of 11
(a)
Determination of the PI controller settings for the design using direct synthesis method
follows:
Substitute 2 for

, 0.2 for

, 1 for

, 0.2 for

in Equation (2).

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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

Substitute 1 for

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in Equation (3).

Therefore, the PI controller settings

and

are

and

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Step 4 of 11
(b)
Determination of the PI controller settings for the design using direct synthesis method
follows:
Substitute 2 for

Substitute 1 for

, 0.2 for

, 1 for

, 1.0 for

in Equation (2).

in Equation (3).

Therefore, the PI controller settings

and

are

, and

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Step 5 of 11
(c)

Consider the design relation for integral of Time Absolute Error (ITAE) of disturbance input a
(5)
Where,
for the proportional mode
for the integral mode.

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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

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Refer Table 12.3 for the values of A and B.


Substitute

for

in Equation (5).

(6)
Substitute

for

in Equation (5).

(7)
For P mode, substitute 2 for

For I mode, substitute 2 for

The PI controller settings are

, 0.2 for

, 0.2 for

and

, 1 for

, 1 for

, 0.859 for A, and

for B, in Equati

, 0.674 for A, and

and

for B, in Equatio

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Step 6 of 11
(d)
The design relation for integral of Time Absolute Error (ITAE) of set point input is,
(8)
Where,
for the proportional mode
for the integral mode.

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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

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Refer to Table 12.3 for the values of A and B.


Substitute

for

in Equation (5).

(9)
Substitute

for

in Equation (5).

(10)
For P mode, substitute 2 for

, 0.2 for

For I mode, substitute 2 for

, 0.2 for

The PI controller settings are

, 1 for

, 0.586 for A, and

, 1 for

for B, in Equati

for A, and

, and

for B, in Eq

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Step 7 of 11
(e)
A conservative controller setting typically has small values of
The direct synthesis method in part (b) has

and large values of

, and

The controller using direct synthesis method in part (b) gives more conservative settings.
The ITAE method in part (c) has

, and

The controller using ITAE method in part (c) gives less conservative settings.

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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

Thus, controller in the


The controller in

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gives more conservative settings.


gives less conservative settings.

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Step 8 of 11
(f)
Steps to create the SIMULINK model:

Take the required blocks from the library browser and connect all the blocks as in Figure 1

Double click the step response block and set step time value as 1, initial value as 1 and fin

Double click the transfer function block (Transfer Fcn) and set numerator coefficients as [2
denominator coefficients as [1 1].

Double click the PID controller block and change the controller to PI type. Set the PI contr
form. Set the

value as 0.42 and

value as 1 for part (b) controller. Set the

value

value as0.49 for part(c) controller.


Double click the transport delay block and set the delay value of input as 0.2
Double click the simout block and change the parameter to array.
Run the SIMULINK model using F5 key.
Consider the Figure 1.

Figure 1
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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

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Step 9 of 11
Type the following in the MATLAB command window and press enter.
plot(tout,simout,tout,simout1)
legend('controller b)','controller c)');
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Step 10 of 11

The comparison of closed-loop step response to a unit step disturbance for controller b) and
shown in Figure 2.

Figure 2
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Step 11 of 11

Therefore, the simulation of closed-loop step response to a unit step disturbance is execute
is drawn.
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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

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Process Dynamics And Control 3rd Edition Chapter 12 Problem 3E Solution | Chegg.com

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