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interval?

A. 1.28

B. 1.65

C. 1.96

D. 2.58

2.

Which of the following is NOT a property of the t

distribution?

A. It is symmetric.

B. Its exact shape (i.e., spread) is characterized by the

degrees of freedom.

C. As the sample size grows, it gradually approaches the

normal distribution.

D. All of the above are properties of the t distribution.

3.

A 95% confidence interval for the mean can be

interpreted to mean which of the following?

A. If all possible samples are taken and confidence intervals

calculated, 95% of those intervals would include the true

population mean somewhere in their interval.

B. You can be 95% confident that you have selected a

sample whose interval includes the population mean.

C. Both answers #1 and #2 are correct.

D. Neither answer #1 nor #2 is correct.

4.

Two random samples have sizes of n=49 and n=36

respectively. Which of the following is true for a 95%

confidence interval?

A. The sample of n=36 has a greater degree of confidence.

B. The sample of n=49 has a greater degree of confidence.

C. The confidence interval for the sample of n=49 is

narrower.

D. The confidence interval for the sample of n=49 is wider.

5.

The Z value selected for constructing a given

confidence interval is also called what?

A. The Z value is also called the critical value.

B. The Z value is also called the student value.

C. The Z value is also called the confidence value.

D. The Z value is often called the error value.

6.

A sample of 50 students was taken from the local

university. These students spent an average of $170 on

books this semester, with a standard deviation of $25.50.

Which of the following could you say with 95% confidence

was the average spent on books by these 50 students?

A. $170 plus or minus $3.46

B. $170 plus or minus $5.95

C. $170 plus or minus $8.42

D. None of these is correct.

7.

A random sample of 72 statistics students was taken

to estimate the proportion of students who also were in the

Math Club. The 90% confidence interval was 0.438 to

0.642. Using this information, what size sample would be

necessary to estimate

A. 105

B. 150

C. 420

D. 597

8.

The following sample was taken from a normally

distributed population: 15, 22, 10, 15, 11, 17, and 8.

Calculate the 95% confidence interval for this sample.

A. 14 plus or minus 6.52

B. 14 plus or minus 10.35

C. 14 plus or minus 8.97

D. 14 plus or minus 4.40

9.

The width of a confidence interval for a proportion

will be

A. narrower for 99% confidence than for 95% confidence.

B. wider for a sample of size 100 than for a sample of size

50.

C. wider for 90% confidence than for 95% confidence.

D. wider when the sample proportion is 0.50 than when the

sample proportion is 0.20.

10.

A sample size of 200 light bulbs was tested and

found that 11 were defective. What is the 95% confidence

interval around this sample proportion?

A. 0.055 plus or minus 0.032

B. 0.055 plus or minus 0.009

C. 0.055 plus or minus 0.044

D. 0.055 plus or minus 0.018

11.

The sample mean is an unbiased point estimator of

A. the population variance.

B. the population mean.

C. the population proportion.

D. None of the above

12.

An economist is interested in studying the incomes

of consumers in a particular region. The population

standard deviation is known to be $1,000. What sample size

would the economist need to use for a 95% confiden7ce

interval if the width of the interval should not be more than

$100?

A. 20

B. 40

C. 385

D. 1537

13.

The confidence interval for the difference between

two population means that are normally distributed where

the population variances are unknown but assumed equal

rely on

A. the average sample variance.

B. the estimated sample variance.

C. Satterthwaite's approximation.

D. the pooled sample variance.

14.

In a random sample of 400 Georgia residents, 272

indicated they were home owners. In another random

sample of 600 Florida residents, 390 were home owners.

What is the 99%

confidence interval for the difference between the

proportions?

A. 0.030 plus or minus 0.016

B. 0.030 plus or minus 0.035

C. 0.030 plus or minus 0.051

D. 0.030 plus or minus 0.077

15.

If you were running

a small sample (e.g., n=24) two-sided test at level of

significance .05, then the critical t-value would be

_________.

A. 1.711

D. 1.96

B. 2.069

C. 1.714

16.

A student claims that he can correctly identify

whether a person is a business major or an agriculture

major by the way the person dresses. Suppose in actuality

that he can correctly identify a business major 87% of the

time, while 16% of the time he mistakenly identifies an

agriculture major as a business major. Presented with one

person and asked to identify the major of this person (who

is either a business or agriculture major), he considers this

to be a hypothesis test with the null hypothesis being that

the person is a business major and the alternative that the

person is an agriculture major. What would be a Type I

error?

A. Saying that the person is an agriculture major when in

fact the person is a business major.

B. Saying that the person is a business major when in fact

the person is a business major.

C. Saying that the person is a business major when in fact

the person is an agriculture major.

D. Saying that the person is an agriculture major when in

fact the person is an agriculture major.

17.

The probability of rejecting the null hypothesis that

is true is

A. known as the confidence level.

B. p-value.

C. power of the test.

D. significance level.

18.

A small business college claims that their average

class size is equal to 35 students. This claim is being tested

with alpha equal to 0.05 using the following sample of class

sizes: 42, 28, 36, 47, 35, 41, 33, 30, 39, and 48. Assume

class sizes are normally distributed. What is the test statistic

and what conclusions will be drawn?

A. Since the test statistics equals 1.36, we reject the null

hypothesis and conclude that class size does not equal 35

students.

B. Since the test statistics equals 1.36, we fail to reject the

null hypothesis and conclude that class size does equal 35

students.

C. Since the test statistics equals 2.26, we reject the null

hypothesis and conclude that class size does not equal 35

students.

D. Since the test statistics equals 2.26, we fail to reject the

null hypothesis and conclude that class size does equal 35

students.

19.

Each of the following statements is true except:

A. The level of significance of a hypothesis test is called

alpha

B. The probability of making a Type II error is called beta.

C. The probability of rejecting a null hypothesis when it is

true is called alpha

D. The probability of making a Type I error is called beta.

20.

Test at the level of significance of 0.01 that 55% of

season ticket holders plan to buy season tickets the next

year. The local newspaper reports that the proportion of

those season ticket holders who buy tickets next year is not

equal to 55%. A random sample of 400 season ticket

holders reveals that 228 will buy season tickets next year.

hypothesis?

A. reject it

B. none of the above

C. do not reject it

D. cannot accept or reject it

21.

A local eat-in pizza restaurant wants to investigate

the possibility of starting to deliver pizzas. The owner of

the store has determined the home delivery will be

successful if the average time spent on the deliveries does

not exceed 38 minutes. The owner has randomly selected

15 customers and has delivered pizzas to their homes. What

assumption is necessary for the test above to be valid?

A. The population variance must equal the population

mean.

B. None of these assumptions are necessary.

C. The population of paired differences must be normal

D. The population of delivery times must have a normal

distribution.

22.

The alternative hypothesis for the difference

between two means is "mu1-mu2 is not equal 0".

For this test, the test statistic, z is 3.09. What is the p-value

for the test?

A. 0.05

B. 0.001

C. 0.002

D. 0.499

23.

A study by a corporation revealed that the mean

weekly salary for managers in department A was $1,200

with a standard deviation of $100 (sample size = 64) while

the mean weekly salary for managers in department B was

$1350 and a standard deviation of $150 ( sample size = 81 )

The hypothesis test is to be conducted at the level of

significance of 5%. The critical region for this test is

A. z < -1.645

B. z > 1.96 or z < -1.96

C. -1.96 < z < 1.96

D. z >1.645

24.

Which of the following statements is not correct for

the F distribution?

A. Degrees of freedom for the numerator can exceed

degrees of freedom for the denominator or be smaller than

or equal to the degrees of freedom for the denominator.

B. Degrees of freedom for the denominator are always

smaller than the degrees of freedom for the numerator.

C. The F distribution is used to compare two population

variances.

D. The exact shape of the F distribution depends upon the

degrees of freedom associated with the two samples.

25.

A researcher wanted to investigate which of two

newly developed automobile engine oils (A and B) is better

at prolonging the life of the engine. Since there are a variety

of automobile engines that are used in today's cars, 20

different engine types were randomly selected and were

tested using each of the two engine oils. The number of

hours of continuous use before engine breakdown was

recorded for each engine oil. Based on the information

provided, what type of analysis will yield the most useful

information?

A. Matched pairs comparison of population proportions

B. Matched pairs comparison of population means

D. Independent samples comparison of population

proportions

26.

I would like to test the null hypothesis that the

population mean is 50 versus the alternative that it is not

50. My sample size is 6, and the sample mean is 38 with

sample standard deviation of 16. At = 0.05, I should:

A)

strongly reject the null hypothesis

B)

mildly reject the null hypothesis

C)

fail to reject the null hypothesis

D)

accept the alternative hypothesis

E)

there is insufficient information to determine

27.

The proportion of defective items is not allowed to

be over 15%. A buyer wants to test whether the proportion

of defectives exceeds the allowable limit. The buyer takes a

random sample of 100 items and finds that 19 are defective.

State the null and alternative hypotheses for this test.

A)

H0: p .15, H1: p > .15

B)

H0: p < .15, H1: p .15

C)

H0: p = .15, H1: p .15

D)

H0: p < .15, H1: p > .15

E)

none of the above

28.

A manufacturer claims that his tires last at least

40,000 miles. A test on 25 tires reveals that the mean life of

a tire is 39,750 miles, with a standard deviation of 387

miles. Compute the test statistic.

A)

t = -0.65

B)

t = 3.23

C)

t = -3.23

D)

t = 0.65

E)

none of the above

29.

Given a p-value of 0.065, and using the customary

= 5%, the conclusion should be:

A)

accept the null hypothesis

B)

reject the null hypothesis

C)

not enough information to determine

30.

A random sample of 36 items gave a sample mean

of 48 and a sample standard deviation of 12. Compute the

p-value to test whether or not the population mean is equal

to 50.

A)

0.3413

B)

-0.4772

C)

0.1587

D)

0.6826

E)

0.3174

31.

I want to conduct a statistical test of whether or not

the population mean is 70. My sample mean is 71, my

sample standard deviation is 5, and my sample size is 100.

The result is:

A)

not significant

B)

significant

C)

very significant

D)

cant tell

32.

When testing for the equality of two population

means, using = 0.05 with n1 = 12 and n2 =10, the critical

points are:

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

+1.96 and 1.96

+2.086 and 2.086

+1.645 and 1.645

none of the above

A company made a major change in its advertising theme

this year and is interested in knowing whether there is any

significant increase in sales over last year. The following

data is the sales in thousands for different stores over the

country, and has been adjusted for inflation. Take the

difference as (current years sales last years sales).

Store

Last Years Sales

Current

Years

Sales

1

183

206

2

406

528

3

388

678

4

694

601

5

274

258

6

137

170

7

33

31

8

1423

1468

33.

State the null and alternative hypotheses to test the

hypothesis that the change in advertising has increased

sales.

a)

H0: D > 0, H1: D 0

b)

H0: D 0, H1: D > 0

c)

H0: D 0, H1: D < 0

d)

H0: D = 0, H1: D > 0

e)

none of the above

34.

Find the critical value to test the hypothesis that the

change in advertising has increased sales, using = 0.05.

a)

+1.645

b)

+1.96

c)

+2.365

d)

+1.895

e)

none of the above

35.

Construct a 95% confidence interval for the average

change in sales.

a)

50.25 (2.365) (40.385)

b)

50.25 (1.96) (40.385)

c)

50.25 (1.895) (40.385)

d)

50.25 (2.306) (40.385)

e)

none of the above

Use the following to answer questions 9, 10:

A programmer has written a software package that points

out errors in programs. Previously, this was done manually.

The mean number of errors the software picket out of 100

different programs was 15, with a standard deviation of 8.2.

The mean number of errors picked out manually, out of 100

programs, was 13, with a standard deviation of 4.9. We

want to test whether there is evidence that this software

picks out more errors than checking manually does.

Assume that the software is population 1 and manual

checking is population 2.

36.

State the null and alternative hypotheses to test

whether this software does pick out more errors.

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

H0: 1 - 2 = 0, H1: 1 - 2 0

H0: 1 - 2 0, H1: 1 - 2 < 0

H0: 1 - 2 > 0, H1: 1 - 2 0

none of the above

37.

Find the critical points to test whether this software

does find more errors, at = 0.05.

a)

+1.96

b)

+1.645

c)

+1.282

d)

+2.575

e)

+2.33

Corporation package of tissues contain? Researchers

determined that 60 tissues is the average number of tissues

used during a cold. Suppose a random sample of 10000

Kleenex users yielded the following data on the number of

tissues used during a cold: Give the null and alternative

hypothesis to determine if the number of tissues used

during a cold is less than 60.

A. H0: = 60 vs. H1: > 60

B. H0:

= 60 vs. H1: < 60

C. H0: = 60 vs. H1: 60

D. H0:

> 60 vs. H1: <= 60

38.

When testing for the equality of two population

proportions, the F distribution is:

a)

sometimes appropriate

b)

never appropriate

c)

only appropriate if both sample sizes are less than

30

d)

only appropriate if at least one sample is at least 30

e)

used when the two variances are not equal

independent populations assumed to be normally

distributed with equal variances. The first sample has a

mean of 35.5 and standard deviation of 3.0 while the

second sample has a mean of 33.0 and standard deviation of

4.0. The computed t statistic is _____.

A. 3.6

B. 5

C. 2.5

D. 1.85

39.

Calculate the pooled variance for the following

sample data.

remaining the same, the width of a confidence interval for

the population parameter will:

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Remain unchanged

D. Sometimes increases and sometimes decreases

E. Impossible to tell

Sample

mean

40

30

a)

b)

c)

d)

e)

Sample Variance

Sample Size

10

12

12

15

3.33

124.64

11.12

34.4

none of the above

40.

Compute the p-value for a two-tailed test of the

difference in two means, with both sample sizes at least 30,

if the test statistic is z = 2.50. 0.0124

41. ........................................... A survey was conducted

to see if the proportion of men and women liking this brand

of jeans differed. In a sample of 100 men and 90 women,

62 of the men liked the jeans, and 66 of the women liked

the jeans. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the

difference in the proportion of men and women liking these

jeans.

CI =

42. A Type II error occurs when

A. We accept a false null hypothesis.

alternate hypothesis.

C. We reject a false null hypothesis.

above.

B. We reject a true

D. None of the

hypothesis

A. a Type II error is always committed

B

a

Type I error is always committed

C. a Type I error may have been committed

D. a Type II error may have been committed

stores are recorded before and after installing a new eyecatching display. To determine if the display is effective in

increasing sales, what type of statistical test would you

expect to perform?

A. Comparison of means using an independent sample ttest.

B. Comparison of means using a paired t-test.

C. Comparison of means using a z-test.

D. None of these above

49. The Board of Surgeons recommends a postoperative

examination six months after a prostatectomy. In a sample

from the records of Cutter Memorial Hospital, follow-up

exams were given in 90 out of 200 cases. In a sample of

records from Paymor Hospital, follow-up exams were given

in 110 out of 200 cases. In a left-tailed test for equality of

proportions, the test statistic is

A. 1.96

B. 2.58

C.

2.00

D. 3.47

E. None of the

above

50. Which is not true of p-values?

A. When they are small, we want to reject H0.

B. They show the chance of Type I error if we reject H0.

C. They must be specified before the sample is taken.

D. None of these above

51. A paper manufacturer samples 100 sheets of paper with

the a variance in thickness of 0.0025 inches squared.

Construct a 95% confidence interval for the population

variance.

A. [0.001990 , 0.003176]

B. [0.002010 ,

0.002990]

C. [0.001910 , 0.003335]

D [0.001930 , 0.003368]

E [0.002011 , 0.003208]

A. In 99% of the samples, the mean of the samples will be

outside the interval.

B. There is a 1% chance that the true parameter value is

outside the interval.

C. Both A and B

D. None of these above.

53. When testing for the equality of two population

proportions, the F distribution is:

A. sometimes appropriate

B.

only

appropriate if both sample sizes are less than 30

C. never appropriate

D.

only

appropriate if at least one sample is at least 30

E. used when the two variances are not equal

54. The rate of married women's participation in the work

force has increased steadily over the past several years.

How does wives' employment status affect their husbands'

well being? To answer this question, a survey of the job

satisfaction of 25 male accountants who were employed

full-time and married was conducted. In this sample, 15

wives were employed and 10 were unemployed. The goal

of the study is to compare the mean job satisfaction levels

of the two groups of husbands: (1) those with working

wives and (2) those with unemployed wives. The observed

significance level (p-value) of the test, obtained from a

computer printout, is .03. Is this sufficient evidence to

conclude that the mean satisfaction level of husbands with

working wives is less than the mean satisfaction level of

husbands with unemployed wives?

A.Yes, at = .01

B. No, at = .10

C. Yes,

at = .05

D. No, at = .04

1.

In a paired t-test, the two samples may be of

unequal size.F

2.

One way to get a narrower confidence interval, is to

increase the sample size. T

3. The closer it is necessary for the sample estimate to be to

the unknown population parameter, the smaller the sample

size required. F

3.

The only assumption required for the paireddifference test is that the population of differences is

normally distributed.T

4.

When using the t distribution to test for a difference

between two population means taken from independent

samples the degrees of freedom are: n1 + n2 2. F

5.

If the difference between two sample means is

significant, then this is evidence that the two samples come

from populations with equal means.F

6.

In fifty different localities, the cable company gives

free access to all cable channels for a weekend, as a

promotional gesture. The mean proportion of customers

who had the premium channels before the promotion was

20%. The mean proportion of customers who had the

premium channels after the promotion was 26%. The

increase significant at a = 0.05. F

7.

Your company is interested in a new method of

advertising. In order to test the new method they have

selected thirty-one control and thirty one experimental

with a standard deviation of 5,290. Mean sales in the

experimental markets were 138,780 with a standard

deviation of 5,730. At the 95% confidence level you

conclude that the new method is better than the old.

8.

In testing for differences between the means of two

independent populations if the test statistic is very large,

then the p-value of the test should be very small T

9.

The formula for determining the confidence interval

estimation for the population mean where is known is

simply Xbar e where e is the sampling error or margin of

error.T

10.

The formula for determining the appropriate sample

size to use to calculate confidence interval estimation for

the population mean is simply a matter of solving for n in

the formula for e (the sampling error or margin of error).T

11.

In a poll of registered voters, 52% of the voters said

they would vote for incumbent while 44% said they would

vote for the challenger. This information means that the

incumbent will win. F

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