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I N C O R P O R AT I N G

F I S H FA R M I N G T E C H N O L O G Y

November | December 2014


Biomins World Nutrition Forum

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or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058

The International magazine for the aquaculture feed industry

FEATURE

Biomins

World Nutrition Forum

"Meeting the needs of the present while improving the ability for future generations to meet their own needs"
- Prof Marty Matlock, University of Arkansas, USA

"

ou have in front of you a depressed


man with a smiling face," Professor
Jorgen Randers of BI Norwegian
Business School told the 800-plus
delegates attending this year's Biomin World
Nutrition Conference in Munich, Germany
this morning in his keynote address.
Dr Randers as professor of climate strategy
addressed the question of '2052 - A global
forecast for the next 40 years' went on to
say, "I have spent the last 40 years working
for sustainable development, working for a
sustainable world and I have failed.
"The world is less sustainable today than I
started my hard labours on sustainable development 40 years ago. The simplest way of
indicating this is by the climate situation.
"The simplest way to demonstrate this is
that every year humanity is producing twice as
much CO2 as is being absorbed by the earth.

The remainder stays in the atmosphere with


a half-life of more than 100 years and as this
concentration goes up the temperature goes
up. This will continue until we stop emitting
CO2 into the atmosphere.
"A highly unsustainable situation where
dramatic change is needed if we want to
move in the direction of sustainability.
With a projected world population of
eight billion by 2040, he pointed to three factors that will impact the development of the
world as it progresses over the next 40 years
would see world populations increases being
to decline as the trend by women to have less
children continue below the 1.8 in both the
developed and developing world.
The second major impact on countries
will be the overall decline in GDP which will
slow down as populations progressively move
from the land to factories and then into health
care - or caring for the elderly.

"Economic development is shifting towards


health care as clearly shown in the USA,
Switzerland and other developed countries."
He said 17 percent of the USA's working
population is already in the health care sector
and probably more were needed.
"Productively increases based on output
per person is lower in these areas."
Over 800 top minds from academia,
business and the NGO sectors gathered in Munich to discuss the future of
animal production and sustain:ability
at the Biomin-sponsored World
Nutrition Forum 2014 in Munich.

Professor Randers says that the GDP


growth rate in these countries will probably
be zero percent over the next 40 years while
poorer countries will see growth in primary
and secondary employment as they continue

28 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | November-December 2014

FEATURE
All the speakers who presented at
6th World Nutrition Forum in Munich,
Germany in mid-October 2014

enough to satisfy demand up to 2050 but


significant starvation will remain as is currently
the case and was in 1970; food will not be in
short supply but rather people will not have
sufficient income to pay for it.
"Starvation will not be caused by physical
limitations, but by income constraints. Food
production will flow as demand grows and
not as the need for food grows."

Mycofix

X I N RI

SK

TO

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EN
T

"We will have to spend labour and capital


to combat these things."
Other observations included solar and
wind power squeezing out fossil fuel use long
before reserves of these energy sources are
depleted; CO2 emissions will peak in 2030;
temperatures will increase by two degrees
by 2050 but will not bring about catastrophic
climate collapse before 2050; world food is

MYCO

to go through the steps from farm to factory


to health care eventually. He sees China following the path both Japan and Korea have
taken.
He also sees developed countries
spending resources not only on health
care but also overcoming new problems
associated with pollution, climate change,
etc.

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Naturally ahead
November-December 2014 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | 29

FEATURE

Intensifying agriculture

Jorgen Randers, is author of the


famed Limits to Growth model in
1972, opened the Forum on October
16, 2014 with his latest views on the
state of world affairs as detailed in his
2012 publication 2052-A global forecast for the next forty years.

Will poultry or fish win the battle for


supremacy in the hearts and diets of
consumers?
That was the question posed in during the opening day of the 6th World
Nutrition Forum in Munich, Germany
in Octoer 2014. It was a questions that
returned to the debate following an
afternoon f species breakout sessions
that included swine, poultry, ruminants
and aquaculture.
The answer was a draw: Both groups
firmly believed their sector is delivering
a more valuable food product at the
lowest cost of production. However,
while the poultry industry could rest
on it laurels of past achievements in
terms of genetics, feed efficiency and
value for month, aquaculture offered
superior feed conversion, showed rapid
grow both in market share and species
farmed and was out-performing ruminants and more recently swine.

"How can you be sure I'm right?" he asked


his audience.
"We know from past experience that
people will continue to choose the cheapest
solutions - the cheapest and most profitable.
This is a fundamental driver with most people
not wanting to make a sacrifice today for an
advantage in the future."
He said moving just two percent of the
world's workforce from 'dirty' jobs to 'clean'
jobs in environmental terms and moving just
two percent of the world's capital into clean
energies will solve the problems we face.
"But that's more expensive than doing
nothing. So it won't happen."

Optimists believe the market will solve the


problem. This will not work either, given the
short-termism of capitalism and the need to
be profitable, he explained.
He believes the suggested strategy of
businesses aligning itself with social requirements to help solve these problems will not
work either, given that carbon taxes have not
worked.
He concluded by saying that companies
need to work politically to bring about long
term change, especially if we are to improve
world hunger and that we as private individuals need to do our fair share "to help turn the
ship in time," he concluded.

To circumvent this outcome, Professor


Marty Matlock of the University of Akansas
in the USA stressed: "If we want to preserve
biodiversity and other land-based ecosystems,
we must freeze the footprint of agriculture.
He added that sustain:ability should be
about continuous improvement and building
resilience in a system through key performance indicators or KPIs.
We have to freeze the footprint of
agriculture if we are to preserve biodiversity
and other land-based ecosystem services,
today yet we are challenged with having to
increase food production by between 50 or
100 percent to meet the expected population levels by 2050, says Dr Marty Matlock,
of the biological and Agricultural Engineering
Department at the University of Arkansas
in the USA. He was the second key-note
speaker on the opening morning of the World
Nutrition Forum.
Global meat will have to more than double
to 465 million tonnes by 2050, milk production to double to 1043 million tonnes.

Harmonisation of feed regulations

Feed additives and speciality feed ingredients are expected to play a key role in the
sustainable future of animal production.
Thats what Didier Jans of FEFANA, the
EUs association of specialty feed and mixtures producers, told delegates attending the
Forum.
He pointed out that while the feed industry operates at a local level it has become
highly dependent on a complex range of
international suppliers for its feed additives
and speciality feed ingredients. He suggested
that these speciality mixtures were more
international than commodities.
The value of feed additives and speciality
feed ingredients allow them to travel, more
so than other components of the feed industry, he says.
It is the regulatory environment that determines whether or not a production unit can
take its place in a particular country, he adds.
Regulation can either foster or hinder
the development of these production facilities.
Proximity to the market is not the only
factor that determines where facilities are
established. In fact no region can claim selfsufficiency in feed additives or speciality feed
ingredients and this need for exchange is
probably going to further increase as animal
production is developed further in more
countries.
The access to feed additives and speciality
feed ingredients is becoming a key element of
the livestock production sustainability both in
intensive production and extensive farming
practices, he adds.
He says the access to these types of ingre-

30 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | November-December 2014

FEATURE
dients is as important as access to macro feed
materials such as soybean and coarse grains.
Projections of population growth and
related animal production legitimately gladdens the industry, but it will also create enormous challenges to supply all these economies
with the appropriate and desired additives, he
went on to say.
One of the cornerstones of this global
supply of this global supply is to be able to
move and use the product wherever they are
needed without cumbersome barriers.
Dr Jans points to the shortcomings of current legislation in terms of its unsynchronised
nature at global level and its wide time-scale
differences in adoption in an industry that is
global in nature.
He referred to the Codex Alimentarius
process for coordinating international food
safety issues and noted the work done
on the Code of Practice on Good Animal
Feeding, the Guidelines on Application of
Risk Assessment for Feed, the Guidance
for Governments in Prioritising Hazard in
Feed, but daid they did little for immediate
harmonisation especially for the most
developed regulatory environments.
After six years of existence in total
the ad hoc Task FGorce on Animal
Feed that produced them has now terminated its mandate and feed is back
to having no specific home in Codex.
He went on to explain how industry following the EUs Feed Hygiene
Regulation became proactive to adopt
a certification system that while based
on regulation but is being used by a
wide variety of trading partners around
the world.
The industry initiative was not only
showing a path but is now also supporting the implementation in a fully
consistent way at global level.
Dr Jans also says there are several
advantages to conceiving something
for a global perspective rather than
seeking compatibility for items initiated
at developed separately.

Bhujel, Peter Bossier, Lisa Elliot and Adel


El-Mowafi on topics ranging from Optimisation
of the formulation of aquaculture feeds, to
Aquaculture: aecuring the future; Recent
advances in Asian Aquaculture and sustainability; Host microbial interactions in cultured
aquatic larvae; Bacteriophage therapy in aquaculture and NutriEconomics applied to the
aquaculture industry

Managing complexity

Managing complexity was the theme of the


opening address on October 17, 2014.
In a thought-provoking presentation citing
varied literature on organisational complexity,
Biomin founder Erich Erber shared how organisations could master this trend by fostering a
culture of empowerment and trust, leading by
KPIs, and creating an environment where honest feedback is encouraged and heeded.

And finally

The 6th World Nutrition Forum ended


two full days of stimulating sessions with
plenty of food-for-thought on issues of

sustain:ability across a range of topicsfrom


the animal sciences to management, economics and philosophy.
Rounding up the theme of sustain:ability
was Tim Jones of Future Agenda, UK who
pointed to education, especially of females in
developing countries, as the key to unlocking
the potential of the planet. Echoing the importance of education, Jason Clay of the WWF
stressed that its not about what to think but
how to think.
Such creative knowledge will be necessary
for sustainable initiatives and reclaiming back
the carrying capacity resource base of the
planet, he stressed.
Aquafeed magazine will be reporting on
more of the presentations at the 6th World
Nutrition Forum in upcoming editions.
In the meantime this publications passes on
its vote of thanks to Biomin for hosting such
a intensive and captivating forum that went a
long way for our livestock and protein production industries to understand more clearly
the hurdles and opportunities which lie ahead
over the next four decades.

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Breakout session
on Aquaculture

In the species break-out sessions,


speakers from each of the four livestock sectors shared how the use of
technology, more efficient feed formulation, healthy profits and environmental issues determined the future
sustain:ability of animal production.
In the Expert Session Aquaculture
saw eight presenters contribute including International Aquafeed writers
Dominique Bureau, Albert Tacon (see
his feature in this edition) and Pedro
Encarnacao of Biomin.
Other speakers included Ram

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November-December 2014 | INTERNATIONAL AQUAFEED | 31

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I N C O R P O R AT I N G
F I S H FA R M I N G T E C H N O L O G Y

Utlisation of Roasted
Guar Korma
as alternative for fishmeal and soybean
meal in shrimp diets

Hydrolyzed yeast
as a source of nucleotides and digestible
nutrients in shrimp nutrition

Biomins World Nutrition Forum

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