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What Weve Learned

About Unions
Since the Strike
By Charles Tocci
and Melissa Barton
From Catalyst Chicago
With students back in Chicagos schools, many people
are looking for lessons from
the teachers strike. Some have
already recommended that the
city double-down on its attempts
to weaken the Chicago Teachers
Union (CTU) with more school
closings and charters.
But as educators deeply invested in the success of Chicagos schools, we come away
with very different lessons. We
argue that teacher unions have
in the past proven to be an essential voice in improving public education; that the recent
strike has preserved that voice

for Chicagos teachers; and that

unions must continue to serve
as the teachers voice into the
21st century.
Throughout a century of disagreements with mayors over
patronage, segregation, and
unequal resources, organized
teachers in Chicago have used
their collective power to foster improvement in the public
schools. The recent strike reflects this legacy, with the CTU
taking a stand against charter
schools and high-stakes testing.
The spread of charters has had
exactly the same mixed results
in Chicago as elsewhere: Research consistently shows that
overall, charters perform the
same as, or worse than, comparable neighborhood schools

Charles Tocci is a clinical assistant professor in the School of Education at Loyola University Chicago and Melissa Barton is a doctoral
candidate at the University of Chicago and a teacher in the Chicago
Public Schools. This article was first posted on the Catalyst Chicago
website,, on October 29, 2012. Condensed,
with permission, from Catalyst Chicago.
January 2013


while also increasing segregation along racial and class lines.

Now, CPS plans to close up to
120 public schools and welcome
60 charters anyway.
Another central issue in this
dispute was the use of student test scores to evaluate
teachers. The rush to use standardized test scores, despite
significant, documented flaws,
has been compared to early
20th Century IQ testing and the
minimum-competency exams
of the 1970s, both of which are
now recognized by historians as
having been racially discriminatory and bad for children and
Many backers of these socalled reforms are both politically connected advisors to and
generous backers of both local
and national campaigns. Organized teachers provide a vision
of public schooling grounded in
the daily realities of children,
communities, and schools that
offsets this unequal distribution
of power. Unions support continued education and the sharing
of best practices grounded in
empirical research. In fact, the
only research-based proposal to
come out of this recent contract
fight came from the CTU, which
argued against the narrowing of
the curriculum, more charters,
and value-added evaluations.

Its time to start trusting educators again. Teachers unions of

the 21st Century can evolve to
become as dynamic and diverse
as learning. Unions should collaborate with districts to put
new tools of education, such
as mobile computing, in the
hands of all students. Teachers collaborative power will
also be enhanced by bringing
charter and virtual school
educators into unions. And, as
we have seen too many smart
people leave this profession out
of frustration, unions can carve
out new career ladders based on
peer-certified mastery: mentor
for aspiring and new teachers,
master teacher to coach colleagues, online educator, and
so on.
All of this takes time, and we
have heard over and over again
that our most disadvantaged
students dont have it. But we
also need to stop treating education as if it is in crisis. The
patient is not bleeding out; she
has a chronic illness. There is
a big difference between doing
somethingwhether to please
those demanding that something be done, or out of desperation for a solutionand finding
the right thing to do.
Its time to do the right thing
for the children of Chicago and
the United States. n