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Problems

12.35 A 500-lb crate B is suspended from a cable attached to a 40-lb

trolley A which rides on an inclined I-beam as shown. Knowing
that at the instant shown the trolley has an acceleration of 1.2 ft/s2 up
and to the right, determine (a) the acceleration of B relative to A,
(b) the tension in cable CD.

T
C

12.36 During a hammer thrower’s practice swings, the 7.1-kg head A of

the hammer revolves at a constant speed v in a horizontal circle
as shown. If r 5 0.93 m and u 5 60°, determine (a) the tension
in wire BC, (b) the speed of the hammer’s head.

25°

D

A

B

Fig. P12.35

B

C

q

r

A

Fig. P12.36

12.37 A 450-g tetherball A is moving along a horizontal circular path at

a constant speed of 4 m/s. Determine (a) the angle u that the cord
forms with pole BC, (b) the tension in the cord.

B

1.8 m
q
A

C
Fig. P12.37

713

40 12. determine the range of the allowable values of the velocity v of the sphere if neither of the normal forces exerted by the sphere on the inclined surfaces of the drum is to exceed 1. Knowing that u1 5 50° and d 5 30 in.41 . Neglecting friction.6 lb.38. determine the speed v.41 A 100-g sphere D is at rest relative to drum ABC which rotates at a constant rate. Knowing that u1 5 55° and u2 5 30° and that d 5 1. determine (a) the angle u2 (b) the speed v.4 m. passes through a ring at C that is attached to a sphere which revolves at a constant speed v in the horizontal circle shown. P12. A d B q2 q1 C Fig. determine the range of values of v for which both wires remain taut.indd Page 714 714 11/26/08 Kinetics of Particles: Newton’s Second Law 6:37:12 PM user-s173 /Volumes/204/MHDQ077/work%0/indd%0 12. 12. P12. and P12.39.2 m A D C 70° 30° B Fig.38 A single wire ACB of length 80 in. 12. 0.40 Two wires AC and BC are tied at C to a 7-kg sphere which revolves at a constant speed v in the horizontal circle shown.bee29400_ch12_690-726.1 N.39 A single wire ACB passes through a ring at C that is attached to a 12-lb sphere which revolves at a constant speed v in the horizontal circle shown. and that the tension in both portions of the wire is 7. P12. Knowing the u1 5 60° and u2 5 30° and that the tension is the same in both portions of the wire.

43 The 1. a 12-lb model C of the earth is attached to wires AC and BC and revolves at a constant speed v in the horizontal circle shown.44 Fig.44 A child having a mass of 22 kg sits on a swing and is held in the position shown by a second child.2 lb 715 .2-lb flyballs of a centrifugal governor revolve at a constant speed v in the horizontal circle of 6-in. A 3 ft C 40° 15° A B 20° 1. Neglecting the mass of the swing.43 D 30° E 1. BC. P12. Determine the range of the allowable values of v if both wires are to remain taut and if the tension in either of the wires is not to exceed 26 lb. determine the range of the allowable values of v so that the magnitudes of the forces in the links do not exceed 17 lb. AD. P12. P12. (b) immediately after the swing is released. radius shown.42 C *12.bee29400_ch12_690-726. and DE and requiring that the links support only tensile forces. Neglecting the weights of links AB.42 As part of an outdoor display. determine the tension in rope AB (a) while the second child holds the swing with his arms outstretched horizontally. 12.2 lb B Fig.indd Page 715 11/27/08 11:41:04 PM user-s172 /Volumes/204/MHDQ077/work%0/indd%0 Problems *12. A 35° B Fig.

46 12. determine the tangential component of the acceleration of the sled (a) just before it reaches B.46 During a high-speed chase. P12. a 2400-lb sports car traveling at a C 20° B D Fig. A 60 ft 40 ft B C D 140 ft Fig.bee29400_ch12_690-726.45 speed of 100 mi/h just loses contact with the road as it reaches the crest A of a hill. P12. traveling at a constant speed of 50 mi/h. (b) just after it passes C. Determine the tension in the cable (a) at the top C of the swing. and section BC is straight and forms an angle of 20° with the horizontal.47 The portion of a toboggan run shown is contained in a vertical plane. (b) Using the value of r found in part a.10 and that the speed of the sled is 25 ft/s at B. determine the force exerted on a 160-lb driver by the seat of his 3100-lb car as the car.2 m/s. (a) Determine the radius of curvature r of the vertical profile of the road at A.45 A 60-kg wrecking ball B is attached to a 15-m-long steel cable AB and swings in the vertical arc shown. A r Fig. where the speed of B is 4. A 12. Knowing that the coefficient of kinetic friction between a sled and the run is 0.47 . P12. Sections AB and CD have radii of curvature as indicated.indd Page 716 716 11/26/08 Kinetics of Particles: Newton’s Second Law 6:37:13 PM user-s173 /Volumes/204/MHDQ077/work%0/indd%0 12. passes through A. (b) at the bottom D of the swing.

determine the force exerted on her by the seat of the trainer when the trainer is at point B.49 A 54-kg pilot flies a jet trainer in a half vertical loop of 1200-m radius so that the speed of the trainer decreases at a constant rate. Knowing that the pilot’s apparent weights at points A and C are 1680 N and 350 N.6 for the definition of rated speed. 12. θ θ Fig. determine (a) the force exerted by the belt on the package just after it has passed point A.4. 1 m/s A B 250 mm Fig. which rotates in the vertical plane at a constant rate such that v 5 3 m/s.5 kg. each with a mass of 0.indd Page 717 11/26/08 6:37:14 PM user-s173 /Volumes/204/MHDQ077/work%0/indd%0 Problems 12.5 N and neglecting the effect of friction. 12. v A 900 mm B O q Fig.51 A curve in a speed track has a radius of 1000-ft and a rated speed of 120 mi/h.bee29400_ch12_690-726. are dis- charged from a conveyor belt as shown. (b) the angle u defining the point B where the packages first slip relative to the belt.51 717 . P12. determine (a) the banking angle u. (See Sample Prob.50 A 250-g block fits inside a small cavity cut in arm OA. (b) the coefficient of static friction between the tires and the track under the prevailing conditions. Knowing that the spring exerts on block B a force of magnitude P 5 1. P12. (c) the minimum speed at which the same car could negotiate the curve. Knowing that the coefficient of static friction between each package and the conveyor belt is 0. P12. P12.50 12.) Knowing that a racing car starts skidding on the curve when traveling at a speed of 180 mi/h.48 A series of small packages.48 C 1200 m B A Fig. determine the range of values of u for which block B is in contact with the face of the cavity closest to the axis of rotation O. respectively.49 12.

yet do not feel any side force.6 for the definition of rated speed.53. conventional trains. determine (a) the magnitude of the side force felt by a passenger of weight W in a standard car with no tilt (f 5 0).53 and P12. The tilting feature of the cars also increases passenger comfort by eliminating or greatly reducing the side force Fs (parallel to the floor of the car) to which passengers feel subjected. For a train traveling at 100 mi/h on a curved section of track banked through an angle u 5 6° and with a rated speed of 60 mi/h. Deter- mine the range of values of v for which the car does not skid. determine the required angle of tilt f if passengers are to feel side forces equal to 10% of their weights. Express your answer in terms of the radius r of the curve. 12. prefer to reduce. As it enters a curve.54 12.53 Tilting trains. therefore. (See Sample Prob.) f q Fig. Designers. the banking angle u. 12. .indd Page 718 718 11/27/08 Kinetics of Particles: Newton’s Second Law 7:00:29 PM user-s172 /Volumes/204/MHDQ077/work%0/indd%0 12. such as the American Flyer which will run from Washington to New York and Boston.52 A car is traveling on a banked road at a constant speed v. For the train of Prob. but not eliminate that force. each car is tilted by hydraulic actuators mounted on its trucks. and the angle of static friction fs between the tires and the pavement. (b) the required angle of tilt f if the passenger is to feel no side force. 12. P12.bee29400_ch12_690-726.53 revealed that passengers feel queasy when they see through the car windows that the train is rounding a curve at high speed. 12.54 Tests carried out with the tilting trains described in Prob. are designed to travel safely at high speeds on curved sections of track which were built for slower.

C 12.30. (b) the magnitude of the force required to free a tuft if the average mass of a tuft is 1. P12. P12.8-lb block E is designed to slide in the slot as the plate rotates. (b) a 5 45°.59 v 12.57 26 in. Knowing that the rod rotates about the vertical AC at a constant rate and that a 5 30° and r 5 600 mm.24 m/s2.59 Three seconds after a polisher is started from rest. E q A B Fig.5 m B 719 . P12. and P12. P12. determine the coefficient of static friction between the trunk and the turntable. 200-g collar D can slide on portion AB of a rod which is bent as shown. B r D a 12.58 Fig.bee29400_ch12_690-726. P12.35 and mk 5 0. Also determine the magnitude and the direction of the friction force exerted on the block immediately after it is released.57 A small.56.58 A semicircular slot of 10-in.6-lb collar D can slide on portion AB of a rod which is bent as shown. determine the smallest allowable value of the coefficient of static friction between the collar and the rod if the collar is not to slide when (a) a 5 15°. v A Fig.55. Knowing that the coefficients of friction are ms 5 0. A Fig. C D 12. Knowing that a 5 40° and that the rod rotates about the vertical AC at a constant rate of 5 rad/s. (b) u 5 40°. determine (a) the speed v of a tuft as it leaves the pad. determine the range of values of the speed v for which the collar will not slide on the rod if the coefficient of static friction between the rod and the collar is 0. radius is cut in a flat plate which rotates about the vertical AD at a constant rate of 14 rad/s.25.indd Page 719 11/26/08 6:37:16 PM user-s173 /Volumes/204/MHDQ077/work%0/indd%0 Problems 12. determine whether the block will slide in the slot if it is released in the position corresponding to (a) u 5 80°. A small.60 2. Knowing that the trunk undergoes a constant tangential acceleration of 0. 0.60 A turntable A is built into a stage for use in a theatrical production.56 A small. If the polisher is started so that the fleece along the circumference undergoes a constant tangential acceleration of 4 m/s2. 0. 12.55 A small. 300-g collar D can slide on portion AB of a rod which is bent as shown. determine the value of r for which the collar will not slide on the rod if the effect of friction between the rod and the collar is neglected. small tufts of fleece from along the circumference of the 225-mm-diameter polishing pad are observed to fly free of the pad. and that the rod rotates about the vertical AC at a constant rate of 10 rad/s.6 mg. Indicate for each case the direction of the impending motion. It is observed during a rehearsal that a trunk B starts to slide on the turntable 10 s after the turntable begins to rotate. Knowing that r 5 8 in.