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Mass & Heat Transfer Lab

BKF3721

Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering

Experiment 4
GAS DIFFUSION IN LIQUID

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Semester II - Session 2013/2014

= CA+CBM (kmol.m-3) CBM = Logarithmic mean molecular concentration of vapor (kmol.m-3) CT = Total molar conc. maintained at a constant temperature and an air stream is passed over the top of the tube to ensure that the partial pressure of the vapor is transferred from the surface of the liquid to the air stream by molecular diffusion. Kinetic theory shows that the self-diffusion coefficient of a pure gas is inversely proportional to both the square root of the molecular weight and the square of molecular diameter. The inter-diffusion coefficients of gas mixtures are independently to the composition. INTRODUCTION The rate of diffusion in gases increases with the temperature approximately T3/2 and are inversely proportional to the pressure. At interface (kmol.Mass & Heat Transfer Lab BKF3721 EXPERIMENT 4: GAS DIFFUSION IN LIQUID OBJECTIVE To determine the diffusion coefficient of gases in liquid. The diffusivity of the vapor of a volatile liquid in air can be conveniently determined by Winklemann’s method in which liquid is contained in a narrow diameter vertical tube.m-3) L = Effective distance of mass transfer (mm) D = Diffusivity (m2s-1) Considering the evaporation of the liquid:    dL  N ' A   L    M  dt  where ρL Thus = density of the liquid (2) . The rate of mass transfer is given by  C  C N ' A  D A  T  L  C BM where CA    (1) = Saturation conc.

LS-32136-A Gas diffusion coefficient apparatus   L0  (6) .Mass & Heat Transfer Lab BKF3721   L  dL   C  C     D A  T  M  dt   L  C BM    (3) Integrating and putting L = L0 at t = 0  2MD  C ACT  L2  L20     L  C BM  t   2MD  C A CT  ( L  Lo )(L  L0  2 L0 )     L  C BM (4)  t  (5) or t    C   L  BM L  L0   2MD  C ACT where M    C BM L  Lo    L   MD C ACT = Molecular weight (kg/kmol) t = time (s) CT   Ts 1  =   kmol Vol  Ta CA P =  v  Pa CBM = CB1 = CT CB2  P  Pv =  a  Pa Ts = Standard temperature (K) Ta = Experimental temperature (K) Pa = Atmospheric pressure (kN/m2) Pv = Vapor pressure (kN/m2)     CT  C B1  C B 2 C  ln  B1   CB2   CT  Kmol volume = (m3) EQUIPMENT/ APPARATUS/ MATERIAL 1.

11. Repeat the steps 1-10 and record 10 sets of data. 5.Mass & Heat Transfer Lab BKF3721 EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES 1. After 5 minutes. 8. Turn on the heater and set the temperature to 700C. (Test liquid – ethanol). record the new test liquid level. RESULTS Initial effective distance of mass transfer. Switch on the main switch on the panel. Fill the test liquid into the glass T-tube using pipette. 6. 9. 3. Connect the air tube from the blower unit to the T-tube. The level of the test liquid should not exceed the water level. Wait till the water reached the set temperature. ΔL (min) (mm) . 2. 4. 7. 10. t Change of height. Start the stopwatch. at the same time keep an eye on the liquid level. Fill the water into the acrylic water tank until the water level is 25 mm below the top of the tank. Switch on the blower to high air flow. L0 (mm) : Water bath temperature : Table 1 Time. Adjust the telescope until it focusing on the top surface of the test liquid level at the T-tube. Record the initial height of the test liquid (you may tare zero the reading of the scale) and the temperature of the water bath temperature using a thermometer.

The questions below only serve as a guideline. Compare the experimental value with theoretical value of the gas diffusion coefficient. D from the slope of the graph. 2. (Show all the calculation sample). Your discussion should not only limit to these questions. . 1.Mass & Heat Transfer Lab BKF3721 DISCUSSIONS Discuss all your results. Plot a graph of t/(L+L0) vs L-L0 and determine the gas diffusion coefficient.