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An Elctronic Classics Series Publication

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Cover design: Jim Manis; art work: Henry Fuseli. Hamlet and the Ghost, 1789. Plate XLIV from Volume II of Boydell’s
Shakespeare Prints; the illustration in Boydell is based on the original painting of 1789. The text accompanying the
engraving: “Hamlet. Act I. Scene IV. A platform before the Castle of Elsineur. Hamlet, Horatio, Marcellus, and the Ghost.
Painted by H. Fuseli, R. A. Engraved by R. Thew.”

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DRAMATIS PERSONAE

HAMLET

CLAUDIUS: king of Denmark. (KING CLAUDIUS:)
By
HAMLET: son to the late, and nephew to the present king.

William Shakespeare

POLONIUS: lord chamberlain. (LORD POLONIUS:)

(written about 1602)
HORATIO: friend to Hamlet.
LAERTES: son to Polonius.
LUCIANUS: nephew to the king.
VOLTIMAND, CORNELIUS, ROSENCRANTZ,
GUILDENSTERN & OSRIC: courtiers.
A Gentleman, (Gentlemen:)
A Priest. (First Priest:)
MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: officers.
FRANCISCO: a soldier.
REYNALDO: servant to Polonius.

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(Lord:) (First Sailor:) (Messenger:) BERNARDO: He. (First Ambassador:) BERNARDO: Who’s there? FRANCISCO: Nay. and unfold yourself. Soldiers. Sailors. (Ghost:) FRANCISCO: For this relief much thanks: ’tis bitter cold. grave-diggers. get thee to bed. A platform before the castle. and mother to Hamlet. BERNARDO: Have you had quiet guard? 4 . Messengers. BERNARDO: Long live the king! FRANCISCO: Bernardo? Lords. answer me: stand. English Ambassadors. and other Attendants. And I am sick at heart.] FORTINBRAS: prince of Norway. Officers. (First Player:) (Player King:) (Player Queen:) Two Clowns. Francisco. (PRINCE FORTINBRAS:) A Captain. Ladies. GERTRUDE: queen of Denmark. [FRANCISCO at his post. Ghost of Hamlet’s Father. Act I. BERNARDO: ’Tis now struck twelve. scene i Players. SCENE: Denmark. Enter to him BERNARDO.Hamlet. FRANCISCO: You come most carefully upon your hour. (QUEEN GERTRUDE:) OPHELIA: daughter to Polonius. (First Clown:) (Second Clown:) HAMLET ACT I SCENE I: Elsinore.

farewell. twice seen of us: Therefore I have entreated him along With us to watch the minutes of this night. tush. O. BERNARDO: Well. If you do meet Horatio and Marcellus. has this thing appear’d again to-night? [Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS. MARCELLUS: BERNARDO: Welcome. honest soldier: HORATIO: Tush. good Marcellus. And will not let belief take hold of him Touching this dreaded sight. And liegemen to the Dane. MARCELLUS: Horatio says ’tis but our fantasy. And let us once again assail your ears. HORATIO: Friends to this ground.Hamlet.] MARCELLUS: BERNARDO: Holla! Bernardo! HORATIO: Well. Say. And let us hear Bernardo speak of this. Horatio: welcome. scene i FRANCISCO: What. Act I. MARCELLUS: Who hath relieved you? A piece of him. The rivals of my watch. That are so fortified against our story What we have two nights seen. Stand. ho! Who’s there? MARCELLUS: What. good night. Bernardo has my place. sit we down. FRANCISCO: Give you good night. bid them make haste. [Exit.] BERNARDO: I have seen nothing. is Horatio there? Not a mouse stirring. 5 . That if again this apparition come. ‘twill not appear. HORATIO: FRANCISCO: I think I hear them. He may approve our eyes and speak to it. BERNARDO: Sit down awhile. FRANCISCO: Give you good night.

break thee off. speak! I charge thee.— MARCELLUS: It is offended. MARCELLUS: Thou art a scholar. Horatio! you tremble and look pale: Is not this something more than fantasy? What think you on’t? BERNARDO: In the same figure. When yond same star that’s westward from the pole Had made his course to illume that part of heaven Where now it burns.] MARCELLUS: Peace. I might not this believe Without the sensible and true avouch Of mine own eyes. He smote the sledded Polacks on the ice. HORATIO: Most like: it harrows me with fear and wonder. MARCELLUS: HORATIO: As thou art to thyself: Such was the very armor he had on When he the ambitious Norway combated. speak! BERNARDO: How now. [Enter Ghost. ’Tis strange. Marcellus and myself. Horatio.Hamlet. in an angry parle. Question it. it stalks away! HORATIO: Stay! speak. Together with that fair and warlike form In which the majesty of buried Denmark Did sometimes march? by heaven I charge thee.] [Exit Ghost. speak to it. like the king that’s dead. Act I. HORATIO: What art thou that usurp’st this time of night. and will not answer. where it comes again! MARCELLUS: ’Tis gone. when. The bell then beating one. BERNARDO: Looks it not like the king? mark it. scene i BERNARDO: Last night of all. So frown’d he once. MARCELLUS: Is it not like the king? BERNARDO: It would be spoke to. look. speak! 6 . BERNARDO: See. Horatio. Horatio. HORATIO: Before my God.

Of unimproved mettle hot and full. sit down. he that knows. and tell me. This bodes some strange eruption to our state. Hath in the skirts of Norway here and there Shark’d up a list of lawless resolutes. Was. Had he been vanquisher. Is the main motive of our preparations. a moiety competent Was gaged by our king. HORATIO: In what particular thought to work I know not. whose sore task Does not divide the Sunday from the week. with his life. by strong hand And terms compulsatory. But in the gross and scope of my opinion. MARCELLUS: Good now. by the same covenant. to some enterprise That hath a stomach in’t. And carriage of the article design’d. and jump at this dead hour. His fell to Hamlet. all those his lands Which he stood seized of. For food and diet. Now. those foresaid lands So by his father lost: and this. Act I. who by a seal’d compact. What might be toward. Why this same strict and most observant watch So nightly toils the subject of the land. The source of this our watch and the chief head Of this post-haste and romage in the land. Thereto prick’d on by a most emulate pride. scene i Did slay this Fortinbras. in which our valiant Hamlet— For so this side of our known world esteem’d him— BERNARDO: I think it be no other but e’en so: Well may it sort that this portentous figure Comes armed through our watch. as. by Fortinbras of Norway. Whose image even but now appear’d to us. which is no other— As it doth well appear unto our state— But to recover of us. Dared to the combat. Our last king. Did forfeit. Well ratified by law and heraldry. as you know. which had return’d To the inheritance of Fortinbras. so like the king That was and is the question of these wars. the whisper goes so. MARCELLUS: Thus twice before. At least. With martial stalk hath he gone by our watch. I take it. And why such daily cast of brazen cannon. sir.Hamlet. 7 . young Fortinbras. that this sweaty haste Doth make the night joint-laborer with the day: Who is’t that can inform me? HORATIO: That can I. And foreign mart for implements of war. Why such impress of shipwrights. to the conqueror: Against the which.

And our vain blows malicious mockery. O.] [Cock crows. MARCELLUS: Shall I strike at it with my partisan? HORATIO: Do. where it comes again! If thou art privy to thy country’s fate. they say. being so majestical. 8 . though it blast me. scene i HORATIO: A mote it is to trouble the mind’s eye. Speak to me: If there be any good thing to be done. as the air.] BERNARDO: It was about to speak. behold! lo. Speak of it: stay. As harbingers preceding still the fates And prologue to the omen coming on. A little ere the mightiest Julius fell.— But soft. The graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets: As stars with trains of fire and dews of blood. That may to thee do ease and grace to me. illusion! If thou hast any sound. Stay. and speak! Stop it. Act I. For it is. For which. Speak to me: [Exit Ghost. In the most high and palmy state of Rome. Marcellus. speak! Or if thou hast uphoarded in thy life Extorted treasure in the womb of earth. To offer it the show of violence. invulnerable. [Re-enter Ghost. when the cock crew. Which. or use of voice.] MARCELLUS: ’Tis gone! I’ll cross it. happily. BERNARDO: HORATIO: ’Tis here! ’Tis here! We do it wrong. Disasters in the sun. foreknowing may avoid.Hamlet. if it will not stand. Have heaven and earth together demonstrated Unto our climatures and countrymen. you spirits oft walk in death. and the moist star Upon whose influence Neptune’s empire stands Was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse: And even the like precurse of fierce events.

nor witch hath power to charm. I have heard. HAMLET.] SCENE II: A room of state in the castle. and I this morning know Where we shall find him most conveniently. and that it us befitted To bear our hearts in grief and our whole kingdom To be contracted in one brow of woe. for. The imperial jointress to this warlike state. no spirit dares stir abroad. Some say that ever ‘gainst that season comes Wherein our Saviour’s birth is celebrated. in russet mantle clad. MARCELLUS: Let’s do’t. So hallow’d and so gracious is the time. now our queen. The nights are wholesome. at his warning. With mirth in funeral and with dirge in marriage. The bird of dawning singeth all night long: And then. Do you consent we shall acquaint him with it. look. Walks o’er the dew of yon high eastward hill: Break we our watch up. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. Act I. I pray. upon my life.Hamlet. [Exeunt. POLONIUS. VOLTIMAND. and. and Attendants. Doth with his lofty and shrill-sounding throat Awake the god of day. fitting our duty? HORATIO: And then it started like a guilty thing Upon a fearful summons. Yet so far hath discretion fought with nature That we with wisest sorrow think on him. as ‘twere with a defeated joy. QUEEN GERTRUDE. Lords. dumb to us. In equal scale weighing delight and dole. will speak to him. Let us impart what we have seen to-night Unto young Hamlet. Therefore our sometime sister.] MARCELLUS: It faded on the crowing of the cock. Have we. This spirit. the morn. But. that is the trumpet to the morn. CORNELIUS. No fairy takes. LAERTES. then no planets strike. Together with remembrance of ourselves. 9 .— HORATIO: So have I heard and do in part believe it. The extravagant and erring spirit hies To his confine: and of the truth herein This present object made probation. Whether in sea or fire.— With an auspicious and a dropping eye. they say. The cock. scene ii As needful in our loves. KING CLAUDIUS: Though yet of Hamlet our dear brother’s death The memory be green. and by my advice. in earth or air.

For bearers of this greeting to old Norway. good Cornelius. Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father. KING CLAUDIUS: Have you your father’s leave? What 10 . not thy asking? The head is not more native to the heart. more than the scope Of these delated articles allow. From whence though willingly I came to Denmark. Yet now. [Exeunt VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS.] And now. Taken to wife: nor have we herein barr’d Your better wisdoms. To our most valiant brother. Farewell.— Who. impotent and bed-rid. Laertes. He hath not fail’d to pester us with message. what is’t. are all made Out of his subject: and we here dispatch You. scarcely hears Of this his nephew’s purpose. Laertes? You cannot speak of reason to the Dane. that you know. Laertes? LAERTES: My dread lord. So much for him. Your leave and favor to return to France. Now follows. that duty done. KING CLAUDIUS: We doubt it nothing: heartily farewell. what’s the news with you? You told us of some suit. The lists and full proportions. I must confess. Laertes. our thanks. What wouldst thou have. Or thinking by our late dear brother’s death Our state to be disjoint and out of frame. and let your haste commend your duty. The hand more instrumental to the mouth. My thoughts and wishes bend again toward France And bow them to your gracious leave and pardon. young Fortinbras. That shall not be my offer. Importing the surrender of those lands Lost by his father.—to suppress His further gait herein. And loose your voice: what wouldst thou beg. Act I. and you. Colleagued with the dream of his advantage. in that the levies. To show my duty in your coronation. uncle of young Fortinbras. scene ii CORNELIUS & VOLTIMAND: In that and all things will we show our duty. with all bonds of law.Hamlet. which have freely gone With this affair along. Giving to you no further personal power To business with the king. For all. Holding a weak supposal of our worth. Now for ourself and for this time of meeting: Thus much the business is: we have here writ To Norway. Voltimand.

KING CLAUDIUS: How is it that the clouds still hang on you? KING CLAUDIUS: ’Tis sweet and commendable in your nature. For they are actions that a man might play: But I have that within which passeth show. Nor windy suspiration of forced breath. moods. shapes of grief. I am too much i’ the sun. and the survivor bound In filial obligation for some term To do obsequious sorrow: but to persever In obstinate condolement is a course Of impious stubbornness. If it be.— HAMLET: [Aside] A little more than kin. Hamlet. It shows a will most incorrect to heaven. And let thine eye look like a friend on Denmark. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Good Hamlet. wrung from me my slow leave By laborsome petition. cast thy nighted color off. lost his. Do not for ever with thy vailed lids Seek for thy noble father in the dust: Thou know’st ’tis common. That father lost. my cousin Hamlet. all that lives must die. And thy best graces spend it at thy will! But now. madam! nay it is. time be thine. Together with all forms. To give these mourning duties to your father: But. your father lost a father. give him leave to go. you must know. Passing through nature to eternity. ’tis unmanly grief. says Polonius? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Why seems it so particular with thee? LORD POLONIUS: He hath. No. nor the fruitful river in the eye. Act I. my lord. Nor the dejected ‘havior of the visage. my lord. HAMLET: Seems. Nor customary suits of solemn black. scene ii HAMLET: Ay. and at last Upon his will I seal’d my hard consent: I do beseech you. madam. and my son. KING CLAUDIUS: Take thy fair hour. Laertes. it is common. and less than kind. That can denote me truly: these indeed seem. These but the trappings and the suits of woe.’ ’Tis not alone my inky cloak. I know not ‘seems. good mother. HAMLET: Not so.Hamlet. 11 .

scene ii HAMLET: I shall in all my best obey you. This gentle and unforced accord of Hamlet Sits smiling to my heart: in grace whereof. An understanding simple and unschool’d: For what we know must be and is as common As any the most vulgar thing to sense. Re-speaking earthly thunder. Seem to me all the uses of this world! Fie on’t! ah fie! ’tis an unweeded garden. stay with us. so loving to my mother That he might not beteem the winds of heaven Visit her face too roughly. a fault to nature. and think of us As of a father: for let the world take note. cousin. things rank and gross in nature Possess it merely. Why should we in our peevish opposition Take it to heart? Fie! ’tis a fault to heaven. and our son. go not to Wittenberg. come. not two: So excellent a king. And with no less nobility of love Than that which dearest father bears his son. It is most retrograde to our desire: And we beseech you. Come away. throw to earth This unprevailing woe. bend you to remain Here. stale. a mind impatient. ’tis a loving and a fair reply: Be as ourself in Denmark. No jocund health that Denmark drinks to-day. that was. A heart unfortified. From the first corse till he that died to-day.Hamlet. [Exeunt all but HAMLET. not so much. Heaven and earth! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Let not thy mother lose her prayers.] HAMLET: O.’ We pray you. That grows to seed. For your intent In going back to school in Wittenberg. Hyperion to a satyr. 12 . ‘This must be so. Act I. to this. That it should come to this! But two months dead: nay. in the cheer and comfort of our eye. KING CLAUDIUS: Why. madam. that this too too solid flesh would melt Thaw and resolve itself into a dew! Or that the Everlasting had not fix’d His canon ‘gainst self-slaughter! O God! God! How weary. and who still hath cried. Hamlet: I pray thee. To reason most absurd: whose common theme Is death of fathers. Do I impart toward you. You are the most immediate to our throne. And the king’s rouse the heavens all bruit again. But the great cannon to the clouds shall tell. Madam. flat and unprofitable. A fault against the dead. Our chiefest courtier.

I came to see your father’s funeral. she would hang on him. MARCELLUS. God! a beast. HAMLET: I am glad to see you well: Horatio. thy name is woman!— A little month.—or I do forget myself. and your poor servant ever. good my lord. [Enter HORATIO. my lord. HORATIO: Hail to your lordship! HAMLET: I pray thee. scene ii HAMLET: Sir. even she— O. HORATIO: The same. I think it was to see my mother’s wedding. HORATIO: Indeed. within a month— Let me not think on’t—Frailty. all tears:—why she. Horatio! the funeral baked meats 13 . thrift.Hamlet. Nor shall you do mine ear that violence. sir. Would have mourn’d longer—married with my uncle. fellow-student. Good even. MARCELLUS: My good lord— HAMLET: I am very glad to see you. or ere those shoes were old With which she follow’d my poor father’s body. But what. my heart. As if increase of appetite had grown By what it fed on: and yet. Like Niobe. that wants discourse of reason. but no more like my father Than I to Hercules: within a month: Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears Had left the flushing in her galled eyes. My father’s brother. HAMLET: Thrift. I’ll change that name with you: And what make you from Wittenberg. do not mock me. most wicked speed. for I must hold my tongue. O. it follow’d hard upon. in faith. and BERNARDO. But what is your affair in Elsinore? We’ll teach you to drink deep ere you depart. She married. make you from Wittenberg? HORATIO: A truant disposition. to post With such dexterity to incestuous sheets! It is not nor it cannot come to good: But break. HAMLET: I would not hear your enemy say so. my lord. Horatio? Marcellus? Must I remember? why. To make it truster of your own report Against yourself: I know you are no truant. Act I. my good friend.] HORATIO: My lord.

HAMLET: He was a man. Upon the witness of these gentlemen. on their watch. distilled Almost to jelly with the act of fear. HORATIO: I saw him once. Act I. Where. HORATIO: Season your admiration for awhile With an attent ear. I shall not look upon his like again. Horatio! My father!—methinks I see my father. These hands are not more like. For God’s love. Within his truncheon’s length. cap-a-pe. as they had deliver’d. let me hear. And I with them the third night kept the watch. he was a goodly king. the king your father. my lord? HAMLET: In my mind’s eye. HORATIO: Two nights together had these gentlemen. whilst they. each word made true and good. Horatio. HORATIO: My lord. HAMLET: HAMLET: HORATIO: Where. Been thus encounter’d. A figure like your father. In the dead vast and middle of the night. till I may deliver. Appears before them. take him for all in all. Would I had met my dearest foe in heaven Or ever I had seen that day. This marvel to you. and with solemn march Goes slow and stately by them: thrice he walk’d By their oppress’d and fear-surprised eyes. Armed at point exactly. HAMLET: Did you not speak to it? HORATIO: 14 My lord. I did. Form of the thing. upon the platform where we watch’d. HAMLET: Saw? who? The king my father! But where was this? MARCELLUS: My lord.Hamlet. I think I saw him yesternight. both in time. The apparition comes: I knew your father. This to me In dreadful secrecy impart they did. Stand dumb and speak not to him. Marcellus and Bernardo. . HORATIO: My lord. scene ii HAMLET: Did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables.

And vanish’d from our sight. my lord. HAMLET: Indeed. And at the sound it shrunk in haste away. And we did think it writ down in our duty To let you know of it. my honor’d lord. he wore his beaver up. but this troubles me. my lord. indeed. HORATIO: As I do live. very like. HORATIO: Not when I saw’t. sirs. scene ii HORATIO: O. HORATIO: It would have much amazed you. yes. very pale. I would I had been there.Hamlet. Stay’d it long? MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: Arm’d. say you? HAMLET: Very like. HAMLET: And fix’d his eyes upon you? HORATIO: Most constantly. look’d he frowningly? HORATIO: A countenance more in sorrow than in anger. HAMLET: From top to toe? MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: Longer. But answer made it none: yet once methought It lifted up its head and did address Itself to motion. But even then the morning cock crew loud. my lord. HORATIO: While one with moderate haste might tell a hundred. HAMLET: Then saw you not his face? 15 . MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: My lord. from head to foot. HORATIO: Nay. HAMLET: Arm’d. Act I. HAMLET: Pale or red? HAMLET: ’Tis very strange. longer. HAMLET: What. ’tis true. Hold you the watch to-night? HAMLET: MARCELLUS & BERNARDO: We do. like as it would speak.

So.] HAMLET: I will watch to-night. ‘twixt eleven and twelve. His beard was grizzled—no? HORATIO: It was. [Exit. Forward. I’ll speak to it. as I have seen it in his life. I pray you all.] OPHELIA: All: Our duty to your honor. as the winds give benefit And convoy is assistant. but no tongue: I will requite your loves. 16 No more but so? . The perfume and suppliance of a minute. OPHELIA: Do you doubt that? HAMLET: Your loves. fare you well: Upon the platform. HORATIO: I warrant it will. Act I. [Exeunt all but HAMLET. A sable silver’d. A violet in the youth of primy nature. not lasting. I doubt some foul play: would the night were come! Till then sit still. do not sleep. to men’s eyes. If you have hitherto conceal’d this sight. scene iii HAMLET: My father’s spirit in arms! all is not well. No more. LAERTES: For Hamlet and the trifling of his favor. I’ll visit you. Give it an understanding. not permanent. SCENE III: A room in Polonius’ house. sister. sweet.Hamlet. Hold it a fashion and a toy in blood. [Enter LAERTES and OPHELIA. Though all the earth o’erwhelm them. Perchance ‘twill walk again. But let me hear from you. LAERTES: My necessaries are embark’d: farewell: And. And whatsoever else shall hap to-night. though hell itself should gape And bid me hold my peace. as mine to you: farewell. my soul: foul deeds will rise. Let it be tenable in your silence still.] HAMLET: If it assume my noble father’s person.

And in the morn and liquid dew of youth Contagious blastments are most imminent. though none else near. Or lose your heart. for on his choice depends The safety and health of this whole state. Then if he says he loves you. for shame! 17 . And recks not his own rede. Laertes! aboard. Act I. but. For nature. His greatness weigh’d. as some ungracious pastors do. as unvalued persons do. And keep you in the rear of your affection. The inward service of the mind and soul Grows wide withal. Out of the shot and danger of desire. Himself the primrose path of dalliance treads. aboard. For he himself is subject to his birth: He may not. I stay too long: but here my father comes.Hamlet. like a puff ’d and reckless libertine. LORD POLONIUS: Yet here. good my brother. And now no soil nor cautel doth besmirch The virtue of his will: but you must fear. or your chaste treasure open To his unmaster’d importunity. my dear sister. OPHELIA: I shall the effect of this good lesson keep. Too oft before their buttons be disclosed. Whiles. Then weigh what loss your honor may sustain. Occasion smiles upon a second leave. scene iii If she unmask her beauty to the moon: Virtue itself ‘scapes not calumnious strokes: The canker galls the infants of the spring. [Enter POLONIUS.] A double blessing is a double grace. Fear it. crescent. Carve for himself. his will is not his own. Perhaps he loves you now. does not grow alone In thews and bulk. As watchman to my heart. fear me not. Show me the steep and thorny way to heaven. And therefore must his choice be circumscribed Unto the voice and yielding of that body Whereof he is the head. But. Do not. fear it. LAERTES: Think it no more. Be wary then. best safety lies in fear: Youth to itself rebels. which is no further Than the main voice of Denmark goes withal. LAERTES: O. as this temple waxes. If with too credent ear you list his songs. It fits your wisdom so far to believe it As he in his particular act and place May give his saying deed. Ophelia. The chariest maid is prodigal enough.

Farewell: my blessing season this in thee! LORD POLONIUS: The time invites you. but few thy voice. my lord. Ophelia. For loan oft loses both itself and friend. be hath said to you? OPHELIA: So please you. Beware Of entrance to a quarrel. go. LAERTES: Farewell. your servants tend. And they in France of the best rank and station Are of a most select and generous chief in that. well bethought: ’Tis told me. Ophelia. You do not understand yourself so clearly 18 . but being in. Give every man thy ear.] LORD POLONIUS: What is’t. [Exit. Be thou familiar. scene iii LAERTES: Most humbly do I take my leave. he hath very oft of late Given private time to you. LAERTES: Farewell. Thou canst not then be false to any man. Costly thy habit as thy purse can buy. And it must follow. And that in way of caution. but by no means vulgar. something touching the Lord Hamlet. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. Neither a borrower nor a lender be. I must tell you. Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel. and their adoption tried. as so ’tis put on me. unfledged comrade. Those friends thou hast. And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. And you yourself shall keep the key of it. and remember well What I have said to you. rich. Bear’t that the opposed may beware of thee.Hamlet. not gaudy. and you yourself Have of your audience been most free and bounteous: If it be so. And you are stay’d for. But not express’d in fancy. But do not dull thy palm with entertainment Of each new-hatch’d. OPHELIA: ’Tis in my memory lock’d. For the apparel oft proclaims the man. The wind sits in the shoulder of your sail. Nor any unproportioned thought his act. There. Take each man’s censure. but reserve thy judgment. This above all: to thine ownself be true. Give thy thoughts no tongue. Act I. my blessing with thee! And these few precepts in thy memory See thou character. as the night the day.

With almost all the holy vows of heaven. 19 . LORD POLONIUS: Marry. Ophelia. OPHELIA: And hath given countenance to his speech. fashion you may call it. Even in their promise. my lord. Have you so slander any moment leisure. Or—not to crack the wind of the poor phrase. in plain terms. Believe so much in him. OPHELIA: I shall obey. Not of that dye which their investments show. LORD POLONIUS: Ay. go to. Unsifted in such perilous circumstance. LORD POLONIUS: Ay.Hamlet. for they are brokers. scene iii OPHELIA: My lord. The better to beguile. Act I. my lord. springes to catch woodcocks. Breathing like sanctified and pious bawds. extinct in both. Do you believe his tenders. my lord.] As it behoves my daughter and your honor. Which are not sterling. as you call them? OPHELIA: I do not know. what I should think. When the blood burns. LORD POLONIUS: Affection! pooh! you speak like a green girl. how prodigal the soul Lends the tongue vows: these blazes. daughter. Tender yourself more dearly. I do know. But mere implorators of unholy suits. You must not take for fire. I charge you: come your ways. Running it thus—you’ll tender me a fool. he hath importuned me with love In honorable fashion. of late made many tenders Of his affection to me. Do not believe his vows. my lord. that he is young And with a larger tether may he walk Than may be given you: in few. What is between you? give me up the truth. From this time Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence. from this time forth. Set your entreatments at a higher rate Than a command to parley. Look to’t. OPHELIA: He hath. That you have ta’en these tenders for true pay. For Lord Hamlet. I’ll teach you: think yourself a baby. [Exeunt. go to. This is for all: I would not. As to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet. as it is a-making. Giving more light than heat.

Since nature cannot choose his origin— By the o’ergrowth of some complexion. HORATIO. HORATIO: It is a nipping and an eager air. though perform’d at height. or fortune’s star. the stamp of one defect. Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason. HAMLET: What hour now? HORATIO: I think it lacks of twelve. that these men. And. and with swinish phrase Soil our addition. As. marry.] What does this mean. The kettle-drum and trumpet thus bray out The triumph of his pledge. The pith and marrow of our attribute.— Their virtues else—be they as pure as grace. in their birth—wherein they are not guilty. scene iv SCENE IV: The platform. As infinite as man may undergo— Shall in the general censure take corruption From that particular fault: the dram of eale Doth all the noble substance of a doubt HAMLET: The air bites shrewdly. as he drains his draughts of Rhenish down. That for some vicious mole of nature in them. and MARCELLUS. I say. it is a custom More honor’d in the breach than the observance. Or by some habit that too much o’er-leavens The form of plausive manners. it is very cold. So. it is struck.] HAMLET: Ay. Keeps wassail. 20 Is it a custom? . my lord? HAMLET: The king doth wake to-night and takes his rouse. though I am native here And to the manner born. [A flourish of trumpets. Act I. and ordnance shot off. Being nature’s livery. This heavy-headed revel east and west Makes us traduced and tax’d of other nations: They clepe us drunkards. Carrying. HORATIO: [Enter HAMLET. oft it chances in particular men. is’t: But to my mind. HORATIO: Indeed? I heard it not: then it draws near the season Wherein the spirit held his wont to walk. and indeed it takes From our achievements.Hamlet. and the swaggering up-spring reels. within. HAMLET: No.

what can it do to that. hearsed in death. my lord. King. father. what should be the fear? I do not set my life in a pin’s fee. with what courteous action It waves you to a more removed ground: But do not go with it. HORATIO: Do not. Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff That beetles o’er his base into the sea. Being a thing immortal as itself? It waves me forth again: I’ll follow it.] 21 . my lord. What may this mean. answer me! Let me not burst in ignorance. then I will follow it. why the sepulchre. scene iv HORATIO: It beckons you to go away with it. my lord. Wherein we saw thee quietly inurn’d. To his own scandal. HAMLET: It will not speak. Have burst their cerements. dead corse. Which might deprive your sovereignty of reason And draw you into madness? think of it: The very place puts toys of desperation. Hath oped his ponderous and marble jaws. HAMLET: Why. As if it some impartment did desire To you alone. royal Dane: O. again in complete steel Revisit’st thus the glimpses of the moon. and we fools of nature So horridly to shake our disposition With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls? Say. Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell. it comes! MARCELLUS: Look. That thou. HORATIO: Look. HORATIO: What if it tempt you toward the flood. [Enter Ghost. To cast thee up again.Hamlet. And for my soul. Thou comest in such a questionable shape That I will speak to thee: I’ll call thee Hamlet. Be thy intents wicked or charitable. [Ghost beckons HAMLET. why is this? wherefore? what should we do? HORATIO: No. but tell Why thy canonized bones. And there assume some other horrible form. Making night hideous. by no means.] HAMLET: Angels and ministers of grace defend us! Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damn’d. Act I.

’tis not fit thus to obey him.] Ghost: My hour is almost come. Nay. Unhand me. into every brain That looks so many fathoms to the sea And hears it roar beneath. scene v Without more motive. you shall not go. I’ll make a ghost of him that lets me! I say. but lend thy serious hearing To what I shall unfold.] MARCELLUS: You shall not go. Ghost: Mark me. By heaven. Still am I call’d. And makes each petty artery in this body As hardy as the Nemean lion’s nerve. HORATIO: Have after. [Exeunt Ghost and HAMLET. Act I. SCENE V: Another part of the platform. HAMLET: MARCELLUS: Let’s follow. [Enter GHOST and HAMLET. MARCELLUS: HORATIO: Heaven will direct it. HORATIO: He waxes desperate with imagination. I’ll follow thee. I’ll go no further. my lord. poor ghost! . let’s follow him. gentlemen. HAMLET: My fate cries out.] HORATIO: Be ruled. I’ll follow thee. To what issue will this come? 22 Alas. away! Go on. HAMLET: Go on. Ghost: Pity me not. HAMLET: Hold off your hands. HAMLET: I will. MARCELLUS: Something is rotten in the state of Denmark.Hamlet. When I to sulphurous and tormenting flames Must render up myself. [Exeunt. HAMLET: Where wilt thou lead me? speak. It waves me still.

scene v HAMLET: Ghost: Murder most foul. Doom’d for a certain term to walk the night. Wouldst thou not stir in this. that incestuous. With witchcraft of his wit. O. what a falling-off was there! HAMLET: O God! Ghost: Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder. so the whole ear of Denmark Is by a forged process of my death Rankly abused: but know. The serpent that did sting thy father’s life Now wears his crown. list! If thou didst ever thy dear father love— Ghost: I find thee apt. sleeping in my orchard. And for the day confined to fast in fires. Thy knotted and combined locks to part And each particular hair to stand on end. May sweep to my revenge. that adulterate beast. Hamlet. Speak. I am bound to hear. But that I am forbid To tell the secrets of my prison-house. Now. start from their spheres. as in the best it is.— O wicked wit and gifts. List. HAMLET: Haste me to know’t. strange and unnatural. HAMLET: Murder! 23 . HAMLET: What? Ghost: I am thy father’s spirit. when thou shalt hear. Ghost: So art thou to revenge. But this most foul.Hamlet. list. that I. hear: ’Tis given out that. with wings as swift As meditation or the thoughts of love. I could a tale unfold whose lightest word Would harrow up thy soul. A serpent stung me. And duller shouldst thou be than the fat weed That roots itself in ease on Lethe wharf. like stars. thou noble youth. HAMLET: My uncle! O my prophetic soul! Ghost: Ay. freeze thy young blood. that have the power So to seduce!—won to his shameful lust The will of my most seeming-virtuous queen: O Hamlet. Make thy two eyes. with traitorous gifts. Till the foul crimes done in my days of nature Are burnt and purged away. Act I. Like quills upon the fretful porpentine: But this eternal blazon must not be To ears of flesh and blood.

while memory holds a seat In this distracted globe. hold. So lust. And ‘gins to pale his uneffectual fire: Adieu. nor let thy soul contrive Against thy mother aught: leave her to heaven And to those thorns that in her bosom lodge. And you. To prick and sting her. Taint not thy mind. The thin and wholesome blood: so did it mine. scene v Of life. Will sate itself in a celestial bed. but sent to my account With all my imperfections on my head: O. sleeping. fie! Hold. soft! methinks I scent the morning air. But. Sleeping within my orchard. like eager droppings into milk. Thus was I. My custom always of the afternoon. remember me. of crown. And with a sudden vigor doth posset And curd. No reckoning made. grow not instant old. Upon my secure hour thy uncle stole. my sinews. All my smooth body. Remember thee! Ay. Brief let me be. thou poor ghost.] HAMLET: O all you host of heaven! O earth! what else? And shall I couple hell? O. by a brother’s hand [Exit. And in the porches of my ears did pour The leperous distilment. Remember thee! Yea. bear it not. from the table of my memory 24 . Let not the royal bed of Denmark be A couch for luxury and damned incest. And prey on garbage. though to a radiant angel link’d. my heart. of queen. whose effect Holds such an enmity with blood of man That swift as quicksilver it courses through The natural gates and alleys of the body. howsoever thou pursuest this act. horrible! O. as it never will be moved. Most lazar-like. unanel’d. And a most instant tetter bark’d about. With juice of cursed hebenon in a vial. Act I. From me. Though lewdness court it in a shape of heaven. Fare thee well at once! The glow-worm shows the matin to be near. Unhousel’d.Hamlet. whose love was of that dignity That it went hand in hand even with the vow I made to her in marriage. at once dispatch’d: Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin. horrible! most horrible! If thou hast nature in thee. adieu! Hamlet. But bear me stiffly up. with vile and loathsome crust. But. disappointed. and to decline Upon a wretch whose natural gifts were poor To those of mine! But virtue.

] HAMLET: No. wonderful! HORATIO: MARCELLUS: Good my lord. Act I. all forms. ho. come.— [Enter HORATIO and MARCELLUS. my lord. Nor I. then. It is ‘Adieu. Unmix’d with baser matter: yes. by heaven. you’ll reveal it. boy! come. ho. villain.Hamlet. my lord? HAMLET: O.’ I have sworn ‘t. ho.] MARCELLUS: How is’t. my lord. adieu! remember me. That one may smile. by heaven! O most pernicious woman! O villain. scene v I’ll wipe away all trivial fond records. MARCELLUS & HORATIO: [Within] My lord. my lord! 25 .—meet it is I set it down. [Writing. tell it. And thy commandment all alone shall live Within the book and volume of my brain. my lord. my noble lord? HORATIO: What news. my lord. HORATIO: Not I. uncle. and smile. there you are. would heart of man once think it? But you’ll be secret? HORATIO: [Within] Heaven secure him! HORATIO & MARCELLUS: Ay. All saws of books. smiling. HAMLET: There’s ne’er a villain dwelling in all Denmark But he’s an arrant knave. HAMLET: So be it! HORATIO: [Within] Hillo. by heaven. bird. and be a villain. MARCELLUS: [Within] Lord Hamlet. That youth and observation copied there. damned villain! My tables.— HAMLET: How say you. ho. At least I’m sure it may be so in Denmark: HAMLET: Hillo. all pressures past. Now to my word. So.

HAMLET: Nay. There’s no offence. O’ermaster ‘t as you may. boy! say’st thou so? art thou there. we will not. Look you. that let me tell you: For your desire to know what is between us. my lord. indeed. HORATIO & MARCELLUS: My lord. Yes. good friends. HORATIO: These are but wild and whirling words. In faith. MARCELLUS: Nor I. by Saint Patrick. but there is. And so. as your business and desire shall point you. Touching this vision here. in faith. my lord. HORATIO: What is’t. Give me one poor request. I’ll go pray. come from the grave To tell us this. HAMLET: Upon my sword. scholars and soldiers. already. HAMLET: Ah. my lord. you are i’ the right. scene v HORATIO: There needs no ghost. MARCELLUS: HORATIO: HAMLET: Indeed. It is an honest ghost. As you are friends. HAMLET: Never make known what you have seen to-night. and for mine own poor part. HAMLET: Yes. heartily. Horatio. . HAMLET: I’m sorry they offend you. not I. truepenny? Come on—you hear this fellow in the cellarage— Consent to swear. HORATIO: My lord. And much offence too. ha. For every man has business and desire. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. And now. my lord? we will. but swear’t. I hold it fit that we shake hands and part: You. right. Act I. HORATIO: 26 Propose the oath. upon my sword. ‘faith heartily. Such as it is. my lord. We have sworn. HAMLET: Why. without more circumstance at all. my lord.Hamlet. my lord.

Swear by my sword. That you. Swear. well. As ‘Well. As I perchance hereafter shall think meet To put an antic disposition on. HORATIO: O day and night. we know. gentlemen. Act I. HAMLET: Never to speak of this that you have seen. gentlemen. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. but this is wondrous strange! HAMLET: And therefore as a stranger give it welcome. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase. old mole! canst work i’ the earth so fast? A worthy pioner! Once more remove. never. [They swear. But come. never shall. so help you mercy. And still your fingers on your lips.Hamlet. And lay your hands again upon my sword: Never to speak of this that you have heard. to express his love and friending to you.’ or ‘There be. I pray. Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. let’s go together. HAMLET: Rest. at such times seeing me. scene v With arms encumber’d thus. good friends.’ or ‘We could. HAMLET: Hic et ubique? then we’ll shift our ground. Ghost: [Beneath] Swear. God willing.’ Or ‘If we list to speak. So grace and mercy at your most need help you. rest.] 27 . come. to note That you know aught of me: this not to do.’ Or such ambiguous giving out. How strange or odd soe’er I bear myself. or this headshake. [Exeunt. an if we would. That ever I was born to set it right! Nay. The time is out of joint: O cursed spite. as before. an if they might. Swear by my sword.] So. Here. perturbed spirit! HAMLET: Well said. Come hither. There are more things in heaven and earth. With all my love I do commend me to you: And what so poor a man as Hamlet is May do. Let us go in together. shall not lack. Horatio.

LORD POLONIUS: Give him this money and these notes. And how. to make inquire Of his behavior. quarrelling. REYNALDO: REYNALDO: As gaming. he’s very wild. no. as you may season it in the charge You must not put another scandal on him. none so rank As may dishonor him. and where they keep. sir. wild and usual slips As are companions noted and most known To youth and liberty. fencing. As thus. marry. my lord. but’ you may say ‘not well: But. if ’t be he I mean. well said. REYNALDO: I will. at what expense.] LORD POLONIUS: ‘And in part him. And in part him: ‘ do you mark this. sir. Reynaldo? ACT II SCENE I: A room in POLONIUS’ house. very well said. My lord. Look you. REYNALDO: Ay. my lord. that would dishonor him. 28 . I did intend it. LORD POLONIUS: You shall do marvellous wisely. Drabbing: you may go so far.Hamlet. Before you visit him. come you more nearer Than your particular demands will touch it: REYNALDO: My lord. and who. Act II. LORD POLONIUS: ‘Faith. LORD POLONIUS: Ay. some distant knowledge of him. scene i Take you. But. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. such wanton. and finding By this encompassment and drift of question That they do know my son. my lord. ‘I know his father and his friends. Addicted so and so:’ and there put on him What forgeries you please. what means. take heed of that. swearing. good Reynaldo. very well. [Enter POLONIUS and REYNALDO. What company. as ‘twere. Reynaldo. or drinking. Inquire me first what Danskers are in Paris.

with such. Or then. or then.’ at ‘friend or so. there o’ertook in’s rouse. marry. it is a fetch of wit: You laying these slight sullies on my son. or so forth. here’s my drift. Of general assault. sir. does he this—he does—what was I about to say? By the mass.— LORD POLONIUS: At ‘closes in the consequence.Hamlet. Shall you my son.’ But. Your party in converse. A savageness in unreclaimed blood. And I believe. scene i REYNALDO: That he is open to incontinency. my lord. I have. my lord. ‘I saw him enter such a house of sale. REYNALDO: LORD POLONIUS: And then. him you would sound. or such.’ and ‘gentleman. LORD POLONIUS: Marry. Act II. or ‘friend. Mark you. have you not? LORD POLONIUS: Wherefore should you do this? REYNALDO: I would know that. Having ever seen in the prenominate crimes The youth you breathe of guilty. and. You have me. He closes thus: ‘I know the gentleman. be assured He closes with you in this consequence. ‘Good sir. Very good. a brothel. sir. There was a’ gaming.’ According to the phrase or the addition Of man and country. There falling out at tennis:’ or perchance.’ ay. With windlasses and with assays of bias. As ‘twere a thing a little soil’d i’ the working. 29 . as you say. Ay.’ Videlicet.’ or so. See you now. Your bait of falsehood takes this carp of truth: And thus do we of wisdom and of reach. I was about to say something: where did I leave? REYNALDO: At ‘closes in the consequence. I saw him yesterday. or t’ other day. The flash and outbreak of a fiery mind. REYNALDO: My lord.’ or ‘gentleman. By indirections find directions out: So by my former lecture and advice. my good lord. That’s not my meaning: but breathe his faults so quaintly That they may seem the taints of liberty.

i’ the name of God? OPHELIA: My lord. I do fear it. fare you well. Lord Hamlet. his stockings foul’d. [Exit REYNALDO. my lord. my lord. LORD POLONIUS: Mad for thy love? LORD POLONIUS: And let him ply his music. LORD POLONIUS: God be wi’ you. He raised a sigh so piteous and profound As it did seem to shatter all his bulk And end his being: that done. And. Pale as his shirt. REYNALDO: Good my lord! REYNALDO: Well. I have been so affrighted! LORD POLONIUS: With what. Then goes he to the length of all his arm. as I was sewing in my closet. with his doublet all unbraced. with his other hand thus o’er his brow. to the last. and down-gyved to his ancle. he lets me go: And. his knees knocking each other.—he comes before me. Long stay’d he so. with his head over his shoulder turn’d. Ungarter’d. He falls to such perusal of my face As he would draw it. And. Ophelia! what’s the matter? OPHELIA: O.] [Enter OPHELIA. He seem’d to find his way without his eyes. I do not know. scene i LORD POLONIUS: Observe his inclination in yourself. 30 . At last. And with a look so piteous in purport As if he had been loosed out of hell To speak of horrors. my lord. Act II.Hamlet. bended their light on me. For out o’ doors he went without their helps. a little shaking of mine arm And thrice his head thus waving up and down. REYNALDO: I shall. But truly.] How now. my lord. LORD POLONIUS: What said he? LORD POLONIUS: Farewell! OPHELIA: He took me by the wrist and held me hard. OPHELIA: My lord. No hat upon his head.

ROSENCRANTZ. so call it. Sith nor the exterior nor the inward man Resembles that it was. And meant to wreck thee. go we to the king: This must be known. and to gather. which. beshrew my jealousy! By heaven. What it should be. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. but. Something have you heard Of Hamlet’s transformation. afflicts him thus. might move More grief to hide than hate to utter love. And sith so neighbor’d to his youth and havior. that thus hath put him So much from the understanding of himself. I did repel his fetters and denied His access to me. Whether aught. being of so young days brought up with him. lies within our remedy. I cannot dream of: I entreat you both. he hath much talk’d of you. I am sorry that with better heed and judgment I had not quoted him: I fear’d he did but trifle. What. Come. LORD POLONIUS: That hath made him mad. Whose violent property fordoes itself And leads the will to desperate undertakings As oft as any passion under heaven That does afflict our natures. scene ii LORD POLONIUS: Come. it is as proper to our age To cast beyond ourselves in our opinions As it is common for the younger sort To lack discretion.Hamlet. That. More than his father’s death. This is the very ecstasy of love. The need we have to use you did provoke Our hasty sending. dear Rosencrantz and Guildenstern! Moreover that we much did long to see you. but. open’d. I am sorry. That you vouchsafe your rest here in our court Some little time: so by your companies To draw him on to pleasures. Act II.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: Good gentlemen.] KING CLAUDIUS: Welcome. my good lord. So much as from occasion you may glean. to us unknown. OPHELIA: No. GUILDENSTERN. being kept close. have you given him any hard words of late? SCENE II: A room in the castle. go with me: I will go seek the king. [Exeunt. as you did command. 31 . QUEEN GERTRUDE. That. and Attendants.

I hold my duty. GUILDENSTERN: But we both obey. Go.Hamlet. Both to my God and to my gracious king: And I do think. Put your dread pleasures more into command Than to entreaty. And bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is. Are joyfully return’d. some of you. Act II. [Enter POLONIUS. my lord? I assure my good liege. Rosencrantz and gentle Guildenstern. KING CLAUDIUS: Thanks. If it will please you To show us so much gentry and good will As to expend your time with us awhile. amen! [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ. Guildenstern and gentle Rosencrantz: And I beseech you instantly to visit My too much changed son. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Thanks. that I have found The very cause of Hamlet’s lunacy. Your visitation shall receive such thanks As fits a king’s remembrance. or else this brain of mine Hunts not the trail of policy so sure As it hath used to do. by the sovereign power you have of us. and some Attendants. KING CLAUDIUS: Thou still hast been the father of good news. my good lord. in the full bent To lay our service freely at your feet. as I hold my soul. To be commanded.] ROSENCRANTZ: Both your majesties Might. For the supply and profit of our hope. scene ii GUILDENSTERN: Heavens make our presence and our practices Pleasant and helpful to him! And sure I am two men there are not living To whom he more adheres. And here give up ourselves. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Ay.] LORD POLONIUS: The ambassadors from Norway. GUILDENSTERN. LORD POLONIUS: Have I. 32 .

KING CLAUDIUS: O. Upon our first.] KING CLAUDIUS: Well. he sent out to suppress His nephew’s levies. age and impotence Was falsely borne in hand. overcome with joy. And at our more consider’d time well read. Voltimand. KING CLAUDIUS: Thyself do grace to them. against the Polack: With an entreaty. my dear Gertrude. speak of that. he truly found It was against your highness: whereat grieved. scene ii To be a preparation ‘gainst the Polack. which to him appear’d 33 . at night we’ll feast together: VOLTIMAND: Most fair return of greetings and desires. But. Receives rebuke from Norway. he hath found The head and source of all your son’s distemper. Answer. Act II. with VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS.] Welcome. My news shall be the fruit to that great feast. LORD POLONIUS: Give first admittance to the ambassadors.] He tells me. and our o’erhasty marriage.Hamlet. Gives him three thousand crowns in annual fee. On such regards of safety and allowance As therein are set down. and bring them in. that do I long to hear. what from our brother Norway? KING CLAUDIUS: It likes us well. better look’d into. in brief. and in fine Makes vow before his uncle never more To give the assay of arms against your majesty. and think upon this business. Whereon old Norway. That it might please you to give quiet pass Through your dominions for this enterprise. Meantime we thank you for your well-took labor: Go to your rest. And his commission to employ those soldiers. sends out arrests On Fortinbras. [Exit POLONIUS. herein further shown. [Giving a paper. we shall sift him. obeys. So levied as before. QUEEN GERTRUDE: I doubt it is no other but the main. [Re-enter POLONIUS. That so his sickness. my good friends! Say. which he. His father’s death.

Doubt that the sun doth move. I will be faithful. mark. for. with less art. For this effect defective comes by cause: Thus it remains. And pity ’tis ’tis true: a foolish figure. to expostulate What majesty should be. and time is time. ‘beautified’ is a vile phrase: but you shall hear.] ‘Doubt thou the stars are fire. Mad let us grant him. Therefore. and the remainder thus.] LORD POLONIUS: This business is well ended. in her duty and obedience. and surmise. Thus: [Reads. Why day is day. ’tis true: ’tis true ’tis pity. [Reads. Were nothing but to waste night.Hamlet. And tediousness the limbs and outward flourishes. stay awhile. My liege. &c. I swear I use no art at all. for I will use no art. But farewell it. to define true madness. Doubt truth to be a liar. the cause of this defect. Most welcome home! [Exeunt VOLTIMAND and CORNELIUS. I have a daughter—have while she is mine— Who. What is’t but to be nothing else but mad? But let that go.’ QUEEN GERTRUDE: Came this from Hamlet to her? QUEEN GERTRUDE: More matter. a vile phrase. But never doubt I love.’— That’s an ill phrase. day and time. since brevity is the soul of wit. night night. then: and now remains That we find out the cause of this effect. [Reads. I will be brief: your noble son is mad: Mad call I it.] ‘To the celestial and my soul’s idol. scene ii Perpend. Hath given me this: now gather. what duty is. the most beautified Ophelia. 34 .] ‘In her excellent white bosom. LORD POLONIUS: Madam. ‘O dear Ophelia. LORD POLONIUS: Good madam. and madam. these. Or rather say. I am ill at these numbers. Act II. That he is mad.

Thence to a watch. This must not be:’ and then I precepts gave her. But what might you think. then into a fast. Act II. LORD POLONIUS: [Pointing to his head and shoulder. whilst this machine is to him. Thence to a lightness. mute and dumb. scene ii And my young mistress thus I did bespeak: ‘Lord Hamlet is a prince. she took the fruits of my advice. Admit no messengers. As they fell out by time. That she should lock herself from his resort. hath his solicitings. O most best. thence into a weakness. by this declension. Or my dear majesty your queen here. And more above. in obedience. And he. Which done. Before my daughter told me—what might you. think. if this be otherwise: 35 . Or look’d upon this love with idle sight. When I had seen this hot love on the wing— As I perceived it. All given to mine ear. I have not art to reckon my groans: but that I love thee best. I must tell you that.’ This. repulsed—a short tale to make— Fell into a sadness. believe it. Into the madness wherein now he raves. Or given my heart a winking. LORD POLONIUS: I would fain prove so. hath my daughter shown me.Hamlet. If I had play’d the desk or table-book. HAMLET. ‘Thine evermore most dear lady. receive no tokens. and. out of thy star. by means and place.’ When it proved otherwise? KING CLAUDIUS: Not that I know. LORD POLONIUS: Hath there been such a time—I’d fain know that— That I have positively said “Tis so. QUEEN GERTRUDE: It may be. And all we mourn for. Adieu. I went round to work.] Take this from this. KING CLAUDIUS: Received his love? But how hath she LORD POLONIUS: What do you think of me? KING CLAUDIUS: Do you think ’tis this? KING CLAUDIUS: As of a man faithful and honorable. very likely. What might you think? No.

my lord? So he does indeed.] If circumstances lead me. LORD POLONIUS: Not I. LORD POLONIUS: That’s very true. Mark the encounter: if he love her not And be not from his reason fall’n thereon. QUEEN GERTRUDE: HAMLET: Well. LORD POLONIUS: Do you know me. Act II. sir. [Enter HAMLET. God-a-mercy. Let me be no assistant for a state. LORD POLONIUS: Honest. and Attendants. is to be one man picked out of ten thousand. But keep a farm and carters. KING CLAUDIUS: HAMLET: Ay. I will find Where truth is hid. my lord. scene ii [Exeunt KING CLAUDIUS. HAMLET: Excellent well. I do beseech you. you are a fishmonger. sometimes he walks four hours together Here in the lobby. my lord! We will try it. HAMLET: Then I would you were so honest a man. as this world goes. reading. give me leave: How does my good Lord Hamlet? LORD POLONIUS: You know. QUEEN GERTRUDE. being a god kissing carrion.Hamlet. QUEEN GERTRUDE: But.] KING CLAUDIUS: How may we try it further? O. my lord. look. though it were hid indeed Within the centre. where sadly the poor wretch comes reading. both away: I’ll board him presently. to be honest. LORD POLONIUS: Away. LORD POLONIUS: At such a time I’ll loose my daughter to him: Be you and I behind an arras then.—Have you a daughter? 36 . HAMLET: For if the sun breed maggots in a dead dog.

HAMLET: Let her not walk i’ the sun: conception is a blessing: but not as your daughter may conceive. sir. he said I was a fishmonger: he is far gone. very near this. that is out o’ the air. which reason and sanity could not so prosperously be delivered of. HAMLET: These tedious old fools! 37 . LORD POLONIUS: I have. yet there is method in ‘t. my lord. HAMLET: Words. my lord? HAMLET: Into my grave. except my life.—My honorable lord. [Aside. LORD POLONIUS: [Aside] Though this be madness. except my life. far gone: and truly in my youth I suffered much extremity for love. my lord? HAMLET: Between who? LORD POLONIUS: I mean. for yourself. though I most powerfully and potently believe. that their faces are wrinkled. How pregnant sometimes his replies are! a happiness that often madness hits on. HAMLET: Slanders. LORD POLONIUS: Indeed. Act II.] LORD POLONIUS: What is the matter. HAMLET: You cannot. if like a crab you could go backward. I’ll speak to him again. sir: for the satirical rogue says here that old men have grey beards. sir. sir. What do you read.Hamlet. words. Will you walk out of the air. take from me any thing that I will more willingly part withal: except my life. the matter that you read. yet I hold it not honesty to have it thus set LORD POLONIUS: Fare you well. my lord. together with most weak hams: all which. should be old as I am. look to ‘t. I will leave him. I will most humbly take my leave of you. their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum and that they have a plentiful lack of wit. words. my lord. my lord? LORD POLONIUS: [Aside] How say you by that? Still harping on my daughter: yet he knew me not at first. scene ii down. Friend. and suddenly contrive the means of meeting between him and my daughter.

my lord. LORD POLONIUS: You go to seek the Lord Hamlet. HAMLET: In the secret parts of fortune? O. deserved at the hands of fortune. ROSENCRANTZ: Neither. my lord! HAMLET: My excellent good friends! How dost thou. Let me question more in particular: what have you. her privates we. HAMLET: Nor the soles of her shoe? ROSENCRANTZ: We think not so. or in the middle of her favors? 38 . for there is nothing either good or bad. Guildenstern? Ah.Hamlet. then. Act II.] HAMLET: Then is doomsday near: but your news is not true. most true. ROSENCRANTZ: As the indifferent children of the earth. HAMLET: A goodly one. in that we are not over-happy. HAMLET: Why. in which there are many confines. my good friends. my lord. [Exit POLONIUS. On fortune’s cap we are not the very button. scene ii [Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. ’tis none to you. Rosencrantz! Good lads. my lord. Denmark being one o’ the worst. GUILDENSTERN: Happy.] GUILDENSTERN: ‘Faith. how do ye both? HAMLET: Denmark’s a prison. there he is. but thinking makes it so: to me it is a prison. she is a strumpet. sir! ROSENCRANTZ: None. ROSENCRANTZ: Then is the world one. that she sends you to prison hither? GUILDENSTERN: My honored lord! ROSENCRANTZ: My most dear lord! GUILDENSTERN: Prison. but that the world’s grown honest. What’s the news? ROSENCRANTZ: [To POLONIUS] God save you. wards and dungeons. HAMLET: Then you live about her waist.

dear friends. be even and direct with me. ’tis too narrow for your mind. or no? ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN: We’ll wait upon you.Hamlet. HAMLET: No such matter: I will not sort you with the rest of my servants. I am most dreadfully attended. nay. no other occasion. whether you were sent for. were it not that I have bad dreams. Were you not sent for? Is it your own inclining? Is it a free visitation? Come. your ambition makes it one. for. come. in the beaten way of friendship. HAMLET: A dream itself is but a shadow. but to the purpose. but I thank you: and sure. scene ii ROSENCRANTZ: Why then. ROSENCRANTZ: To visit you. and by what more dear a better proposer could charge you withal. by the obligation of our ever-preserved love. I am even poor in thanks. any thing. Shall we to the court? for. deal justly with me: come. I could be bounded in a nut shell and count myself a king of infinite space. my thanks are too dear a halfpenny. speak. by the rights of our fellowship. for the very substance of the ambitious is merely the shadow of a dream. HAMLET: Beggar that I am. by my fay. But. and I hold ambition of so airy and light a quality that it is but a shadow’s shadow. I cannot reason. and there is a kind of confession in your looks which your modesties have not craft enough to color: I know the good king and queen have sent for you. by the consonancy of our youth. HAMLET: O God. GUILDENSTERN: What should we say. GUILDENSTERN: Which dreams indeed are ambition. and our monarchs and outstretched heroes the beggars’ shadows. But let me conjure you. ROSENCRANTZ: To what end. Act II. to speak to you like an honest man. ROSENCRANTZ: Truly. my lord? HAMLET: Then are our beggars bodies. my lord. what make you at Elsinore? ROSENCRANTZ: [Aside to GUILDENSTERN] What say you? 39 . You were sent for. my lord? HAMLET: Why. HAMLET: That you must teach me.

though by your smiling you seem to say so.—If you love me. look you. was better both ways. I have an eye of you. What a piece of work is a man! how noble in reason! how infinite in faculty! in form and moving how express and admirable! in action how like an angel! in apprehension how like a god! the beauty of the world! the paragon of animals! And yet. my lord. why. the humorous man shall end his part in peace. if you delight not in man. forgone all custom of exercises. this most excellent canopy. HAMLET: He that plays the king shall be welcome. this majestical roof fretted with golden fire. both in reputation and profit. it appears no other thing to me than a foul and pestilent congregation of vapors. scene ii ROSENCRANTZ: To think. HAMLET: How chances it they travel? their residence. ROSENCRANTZ: I think their inhibition comes by the means of the late innovation. to offer you service. are they not. and your secrecy to the king and queen moult no feather. the air. HAMLET: [Aside] Nay. the tragedians of the city. we were sent for. indeed. GUILDENSTERN: My lord. and hither are they coming. or the blank verse shall halt for’t. so shall my anticipation prevent your discovery. seems to me a sterile promontory. the clown shall make those laugh whose lungs are tickled o’ the sere. Act II. HAMLET: Do they hold the same estimation they did when I was in the city? are they so followed? HAMLET: Why did you laugh then. HAMLET: I will tell you why. what is this quintessence of dust? man delights not me: no. his majesty shall have tribute of me. this brave o’erhanging firmament. What players are they? ROSENCRANTZ: My lord. when I said ‘man delights not me’? ROSENCRANTZ: No. I have of late—but wherefore I know not— lost all my mirth. 40 . hold not off.Hamlet. the earth. then. what lenten entertainment the players shall receive from you: we coted them on the way. and the lady shall say her mind freely. ROSENCRANTZ: Even those you were wont to take delight in. and indeed it goes so heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame. the adventurous knight shall use his foil and target. nor woman neither. to me. the lover shall not sigh gratis. there was no such stuff in my thoughts.

and those that would make mows at him while my father lived. if philosophy could find it out. and are most tyrannically clapped for’t: these are now the fashion. You are welcome: but my uncle-father and aunt-mother are deceived. an hundred ducats a-piece for his picture in little. if they should grow themselves to common players—as it is most like. should more appear like entertainment than yours. HAMLET: I am but mad north-north-west: when the wind is southerly I know a hawk from a handsaw. forty.Hamlet. 41 . their endeavor keeps in the wonted pace: but there is. there has been much throwing about of brains. ROSENCRANTZ: Ay. lest my extent to the players. little eyases. you are welcome to Elsinore. there has been much to do on both sides. to make them exclaim against their own succession? [Flourish of trumpets within. an aery of children. sir. HAMLET: It is not very strange. I tell you. and so berattle the common stages—so they call them—that many wearing rapiers are afraid of goose-quills and dare scarce come thither. scene ii HAMLET: How comes it? do they grow rusty? HAMLET: Do the boys carry it away? ROSENCRANTZ: Nay. for a while. which. are they children? who maintains ‘em? how are they escoted? Will they pursue the quality no longer than they can sing? will they not say afterwards. that cry out on the top of question. give twenty. fifty. must show fairly outward. there is something in this more than natural.] GUILDENSTERN: There are the players. Act II. ‘Sblood. HAMLET: What. that they do. Hercules and his load too. my lord. Your hands. ROSENCRANTZ: ‘Faith. and the nation holds it no sin to tarre them to controversy: there was. no money bid for argument. if their means are no better—their writers do them wrong. for mine uncle is king of Denmark. my dear lord? GUILDENSTERN: O. HAMLET: Is’t possible? GUILDENSTERN: In what. unless the poet and the player went to cuffs in the question. HAMLET: Gentlemen. come then: the appurtenance of welcome is fashion and ceremony: let me comply with you in this garb.

comedy. HAMLET: My lord. LORD POLONIUS: Upon mine honor. I have a daughter that I love passing well.] LORD POLONIUS: Well be with you. pastoral-comical. I have news to tell you. You say right.— HAMLET: Am I not i’ the right.— LORD POLONIUS: What follows. gentlemen! HAMLET: Hark you.Hamlet. HAMLET: Buz. my lord. these are the only men. ’twas so indeed. The which he loved passing well. LORD POLONIUS: [Aside] Still on my daughter. for they say an old man is twice a child. scene individable. my lord. either for tragedy. tragical-comical-historical-pastoral. what a treasure hadst thou! ROSENCRANTZ: Happily he’s the second time come to them. then. Act II. buz! HAMLET: Nay. sir: o’ Monday morning. old Jephthah? LORD POLONIUS: If you call me Jephthah. Guildenstern. that follows not. When Roscius was an actor in Rome. HAMLET: O Jephthah. and you too: at each ear a hearer: that great baby you see there is not yet out of his swaddling-clouts. tragical-historical. I have news to tell you. [Enter POLONIUS. pastoral. my lord? HAMLET: Then came each actor on his ass. LORD POLONIUS: The actors are come hither. or poem unlimited: Seneca cannot be too heavy. history. ‘One fair daughter and no more.’ LORD POLONIUS: My lord. LORD POLONIUS: What a treasure had he. judge of Israel. nor Plautus too light. mark it. my lord? HAMLET: I will prophesy he comes to tell me of the players. HAMLET: Why. historical-pastoral.— 42 . scene ii LORD POLONIUS: The best actors in the world. For the law of writ and the liberty.

’— the first row of the pious chanson will show you more. good friends. as most like it was. One speech in it I chiefly loved: ’twas Aeneas’ tale to Dido. welcome. ’twas caviare to the general: but it was—as I received it. whose judg43 . but called it an honest method. my lord? HAMLET: I heard thee speak me a speech once. horridly trick’d With blood of fathers. my old friend! thy face is valenced since I saw thee last: comest thou to beard me in Denmark? What. pleased not the million. like the Hyrcanian beast. That lend a tyrannous and damned light To their lord’s murder: roasted in wrath and fire. you know. Hath now this dread and black complexion smear’d With heraldry more dismal.] You are welcome. daughters. head to foot Now is he total gules.’—it is not so: —it begins with Pyrrhus:— ‘The rugged Pyrrhus. he whose sable arms. not above once. Welcome. proceed you. come. where my abridgement comes. like apiece of uncurrent gold. masters. for look. ‘It came to pass. ‘As by lot.’ and then. We’ll e’en to’t like French falconers. First Player: What speech. if it was. fly at any thing we see: we’ll have a speech straight: come. let me see— ‘The rugged Pyrrhus. [Enter four or five Players. begin at this line: let me see. one said there were no sallets in the lines to make the matter savory. O. Baked and impasted with the parching streets. With eyes like carbuncles. nor no matter in the phrase that might indict the author of affectation. God wot. Black as his purpose. and others. your ladyship is nearer to heaven than when I saw you last. or. and by very much more handsome than fine. sons. And thus o’er-sized with coagulate gore. and thereabout of it especially. your voice. the hellish Pyrrhus Old grandsire Priam seeks. where he speaks of Priam’s slaughter: if it live in your memory. be not cracked within the ring. mothers.Hamlet. I am glad to see thee well. did the night resemble When he lay couched in the ominous horse. HAMLET: Why. all. a passionate speech. but it was never acted. Act II. set down with as much modesty as cunning. as wholesome as sweet. scene ii ments in such matters cried in the top of mine—an excellent play. for the play. Pray God.’ So. well digested in the scenes. I remember. by the altitude of a chopine. you are all welcome. my young lady and mistress! By’r lady. give us a taste of your quality. Masters. I remember.

and for a robe. HAMLET: It shall to the barber’s. But with the whiff and wind of his fell sword The unnerved father falls. so. Rebellious to his arm. after Pyrrhus’ pause. the rack stand still. First Player: ‘But who. Act II. in the alarm of fear caught up. And never did the Cyclops’ hammers fall On Mars’s armor forged for proof eterne With less remorse than Pyrrhus’ bleeding sword LORD POLONIUS: This is too long. Seeming to feel this blow. with tongue in venom steep’d. well spoken. as we often see. in rage strikes wide. ‘Gainst Fortune’s state would treason have pronounced: 44 . Then senseless Ilium. thou strumpet. Which was declining on the milky head Of reverend Priam. my lord. his antique sword. say on: he’s for a jig or a tale of bawdry. And like a neutral to his will and matter. with your beard. Pyrrhus stood. lies where it falls. Pyrrhus at Priam drives. A blanket.Hamlet. O. ‘mobled queen’ is good. And bowl the round nave down the hill of heaven. As low as to the fiends!’ LORD POLONIUS: ‘Fore God. Aroused vengeance sets him new a-work. with flaming top Stoops to his base. against some storm. seem’d i’ the air to stick: So. The bold winds speechless and the orb below As hush as death. Did nothing. as a painted tyrant. threatening the flames With bisson rheum. First Player: ‘Run barefoot up and down. Who this had seen. In general synod ‘take away her power. Repugnant to command: unequal match’d. A silence in the heavens. scene ii Now falls on Priam. out. or he sleeps: say on: come to Hecuba. Break all the spokes and fellies from her wheel. with good accent and good discretion. who had seen the mobled queen—’ HAMLET: ‘The mobled queen?’ LORD POLONIUS: That’s good. About her lank and all o’er-teemed loins. Prithee. a clout upon that head Where late the diadem stood. and with a hideous crash Takes prisoner Pyrrhus’ ear: for. anon the dreadful thunder Doth rend the region. Out. lo! his sword. Fortune! All you gods. But. First Player: ‘Anon he finds him Striking too short at Greeks.

could you not? HAMLET: ’Tis well: I’ll have thee speak out the rest soon. Follow that lord. can you play the Murder of Gonzago? HAMLET: We’ll ha’t to-morrow night. and look you mock him not. Would have made milch the burning eyes of heaven. my lord. friends: we’ll hear a play to-morrow. LORD POLONIUS: Look. which I would set down and insert in’t. study a speech of some dozen or sixteen lines. LORD POLONIUS: My lord. Pray you. let them be well used. old friend. First Player: Ay. First Player: Ay. no more. my lord. will you see the players well bestowed? Do you hear. My good friends. God be wi’ ye. Unless things mortal move them not at all. And passion in the gods. man. 45 . and who should ‘scape whipping? Use them after your own honor and dignity: the less they deserve. the more merit is in your bounty.Hamlet.’ HAMLET: Follow him. for a need. ROSENCRANTZ: Good my lord! LORD POLONIUS: Come. sirs. You could. [Exit POLONIUS with all the Players but the First. whether he has not turned his color and has tears in’s eyes. HAMLET: Ay. Take them in. I’ll leave you till night: you are welcome to Elsinore. HAMLET: Very well. I will use them according to their desert. The instant burst of clamor that she made. so. Good my lord. scene ii But if the gods themselves did see her then When she saw Pyrrhus make malicious sport In mincing with his sword her husband’s limbs.] HAMLET: God’s bodykins. much better: use every man after his desert. [Exit First Player. Act II. for they are the abstract and brief chronicles of the time: after your death you were better have a bad epitaph than their ill report while you live.] Dost thou hear me.

Hamlet. Tears in his eyes. And fall a-cursing. kindless villain! O. the son of a dear father murder’d. That he should weep for her? What would he do. Had he the motive and the cue for passion That I have? He would drown the stage with tears And cleave the general ear with horrid speech. distraction in’s aspect. vengeance! Why. or he to Hecuba. unpack my heart with words. like a whore. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. I’ll tent him to the quick: if he but blench. Yet I. what an ass am I! This is most brave. A dull and muddy-mettled rascal. will speak With most miraculous organ. And can say nothing. and amaze indeed The very faculties of eyes and ears. Prompted to my revenge by heaven and hell. lecherous. peak. Could force his soul so to his own conceit That from her working all his visage wann’d. and blows it in my face? Tweaks me by the nose? gives me the lie i’ the throat. Am I a coward? Who calls me villain? breaks my pate across? 46 . A broken voice. what a rogue and peasant slave am I! Is it not monstrous that this player here. Upon whose property and most dear life A damn’d defeat was made. I should take it: for it cannot be But I am pigeon-liver’d and lack gall To make oppression bitter. bawdy villain! Remorseless. in a dream of passion. A scullion! Fie upon’t! foh! About. my brain! I have heard That guilty creatures sitting at a play Have by the very cunning of the scene Been struck so to the soul that presently They have proclaim’d their malefactions. Make mad the guilty and appal the free.] Now I am alone. like a very drab. As deep as to the lungs? who does me this? Ha! ‘Swounds. though it have no tongue. and his whole function suiting With forms to his conceit? and all for nothing! For Hecuba! What’s Hecuba to him. Confound the ignorant. For murder. I’ll have these players Play something like the murder of my father Before mine uncle: I’ll observe his looks. Act II. That I. Like John-a-dreams. unpregnant of my cause. not for a king. or ere this I should have fatted all the region kites With this slave’s offal: bloody. O. no. But in a fiction. treacherous. scene ii Plucks off my beard. Must.

ACT III SCENE I: A room in the castle. QUEEN GERTRUDE: To any pastime? [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. yea. as I think. R O S E N C R A N T Z . a n d GUILDENSTERN. Grating so harshly all his days of quiet With turbulent and dangerous lunacy? ROSENCRANTZ: Madam. And there did seem in him a kind of joy To hear of it: they are about the court. of our demands. and perhaps Out of my weakness and my melancholy. LORD POLONIUS: ’Tis most true: And he beseech’d me to entreat your majesties 47 . they have already order This night to play before him. O PH E L I A . with a crafty madness. Most free in his reply. The spirit that I have seen May be the devil: and the devil hath power To assume a pleasing shape. [Exit. it so fell out. that certain players We o’er-raught on the way: of these we told him. QUEEN GERTRUDE. scene i I know my course. But. Abuses me to damn me: I’ll have grounds More relative than this: the play ‘s the thing Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king. by no drift of circumstance.] GUILDENSTERN: But with much forcing of his disposition. keeps aloof.Hamlet. ROSENCRANTZ: He does confess he feels himself distracted. When we would bring him on to some confession Of his true state. ROSENCRANTZ: Most like a gentleman. Get from him why he puts on this confusion.] Did you assay him? KING CLAUDIUS: And can you. GUILDENSTERN: Nor do we find him forward to be sounded. but. But from what cause he will by no means speak. As he is very potent with such spirits. P O LO N I U S . Act III. And. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Did he receive you well? ROSENCRANTZ: Niggard of question.

That he. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. Will so bestow ourselves that. seeing. We are oft to blame in this. so please you. Gracious. lawful espials. And for your part. and it doth much content me To hear him so inclined. [Exit QUEEN GERTRUDE. If ‘t be the affliction of his love or no That thus he suffers for.] LORD POLONIUS: Ophelia. unseen.] KING CLAUDIUS: Sweet Gertrude. leave us too. To both your honors. KING CLAUDIUS: With all my heart. beautied with plastering art.— ’Tis too much proved—that with devotion’s visage And pious action we do sugar o’er The devil himself. may here Affront Ophelia: Her father and myself. Act III. give him a further edge. To hear and see the matter.Hamlet. Read on this book.] [To OPHELIA. as ‘twere by accident. my lord. That show of such an exercise may color Your loneliness. We may of their encounter frankly judge. I wish it may. We will bestow ourselves. And drive his purpose on to these delights. Ophelia. OPHELIA: Madam. ROSENCRANTZ: We shall. ’tis too true! How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience! The harlot’s cheek. scene i Will bring him to his wonted way again. And gather by him. Good gentlemen. Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it Than is my deed to my most painted word: O heavy burthen! QUEEN GERTRUDE: I shall obey you. KING CLAUDIUS: [Aside] O. For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither. I do wish That your good beauties be the happy cause Of Hamlet’s wildness: so shall I hope your virtues 48 . as he is behaved. walk you here.

] HAMLET: To be. For who would bear the whips and scorns of time. HAMLET: I never gave you aught. How does your honor for this many a day? HAMLET: I humbly thank you. I pray you. The undiscover’d country from whose bourn No traveller returns. the proud man’s contumely. Must give us pause: there’s the respect That makes calamity of so long life. Act III. well. To die. The oppressor’s wrong.Hamlet.] [Enter HAMLET. scene i With a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear. But that the dread of something after death. For in that sleep of death what dreams may come When we have shuffled off this mortal coil. The insolence of office and the spurns That patient merit of the unworthy takes. not I.—Soft you now! The fair Ophelia! Nymph. puzzles the will And makes us rather bear those ills we have Than fly to others that we know not of? Thus conscience does make cowards of us all. To grunt and sweat under a weary life. Or to take arms against a sea of troubles. now receive them. 49 No. ’tis a consummation Devoutly to be wish’d. . to sleep. I have remembrances of yours. And enterprises of great pith and moment With this regard their currents turn awry. And lose the name of action. there’s the rub. in thy orisons Be all my sins remember’d. LORD POLONIUS: I hear him coming: let’s withdraw. well. OPHELIA: My lord. No more. To sleep: perchance to dream: ay. The pangs of despised love. When he himself might his quietus make OPHELIA: Good my lord. well. That I have longed long to re-deliver. the law’s delay. And thus the native hue of resolution Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought. my lord. or not to be: that is the question: Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune. [Exeunt KING CLAUDIUS and POLONIUS. and by a sleep to say we end The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks That flesh is heir to. And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep.

my lord. ha! are you honest? HAMLET: Get thee to a nunnery: why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest. your honesty should admit no discourse to your beauty. with more offences at my beck than I have thoughts to put them in. for to the noble mind Rich gifts wax poor when givers prove unkind. OPHELIA: Could beauty. as pure as snow. Act III. help him. you know right well you did. HAMLET: Ay.Hamlet. What should such fellows as I do crawling between earth and heaven? We are arrant knaves. imagination to give them shape. for the power of beauty will sooner transform honesty from what it is to a bawd than the force of honesty can translate beauty into his likeness: this was sometime a paradox. OPHELIA: O. OPHELIA: At home. And. you made me believe so. OPHELIA: I was the more deceived. my lord. OPHELIA: My honor’d lord. Take these again. for virtue cannot so inoculate our old stock but we shall relish of it: I loved you not. There. Where’s your father? OPHELIA: My lord? HAMLET: Are you fair? OPHELIA: What means your lordship? HAMLET: That if you be honest and fair. my lord. have better commerce than with honesty? HAMLET: Let the doors be shut upon him. thou 50 . scene i OPHELIA: Indeed. Farewell. that he may play the fool no where but in’s own house. I’ll give thee this plague for thy dowry: be thou as chaste as ice. Go thy ways to a nunnery. HAMLET: Ha. I did love you once. my lord. HAMLET: You should not have believed me. with them. revengeful. truly. you sweet heavens! HAMLET: If thou dost marry. believe none of us. words of so sweet breath composed As made the things more rich: their perfume lost. ambitious. or time to act them in. all. but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me: I am very proud. but now the time gives it proof.

tongue. My lord. well enough. go: farewell. it hath made me mad.Hamlet. all but one. I have in quick determination Thus set it down: he shall with speed to England. go. That suck’d the honey of his music vows. and you lisp. Ophelia! You need not tell us what Lord Hamlet said. The expectancy and rose of the fair state. and quickly too. see what I see! shalt not escape calumny. for wise men know well enough what monsters you make of them. marry a fool. though it lack’d form a little. Whereon his brains still beating puts him thus From fashion of himself. To a nunnery. do as you please. scene i That unmatch’d form and feature of blown youth Blasted with ecstasy: O. eye. shall live. O’er which his melancholy sits on brood. woe is me. and make your wantonness your ignorance. 51 . LORD POLONIUS: It shall do well: but yet do I believe The origin and commencement of his grief Sprung from neglected love. Nor what he spake. scholar’s. [Exit. God has given you one face. The glass of fashion and the mould of form. And I do doubt the hatch and the disclose Will be some danger: which for to prevent. Act III. To a nunnery. of ladies most deject and wretched. soldier’s. Farewell. Like sweet bells jangled. I’ll no more on’t. what a noble mind is here o’erthrown! The courtier’s. and nick-name God’s creatures. quite. go. How now. There’s something in his soul.] OPHELIA: O. I say. What think you on’t? HAMLET: I have heard of your paintings too. Go to. Or. the rest shall keep as they are. restore him! KING CLAUDIUS: Love! his affections do not that way tend. For the demand of our neglected tribute Haply the seas and countries different With variable objects shall expel This something-settled matter in his heart. We heard it all. Was not like madness.] OPHELIA: O heavenly powers. sword. Now see that noble and most sovereign reason. if thou wilt needs marry. The observed of all observers. To have seen what I have seen. and you make yourselves another: you jig. quite down! And I. Get thee to a nunnery. [Re-enter KING CLAUDIUS and POLONIUS. you amble. out of tune and harsh. we will have no more marriages: those that are married already.

or confine him where Your wisdom best shall think. both at the first and now. First Player: I warrant your honor. I pray you. as I pronounced it to you. with this special o’erstep not the modesty of nature: for any thing so overdone is from the purpose of playing. trippingly on the tongue: but if you mouth it. it out-herods Herod: pray you. as ‘twere. pagan. scene ii But. [Enter HAMLET and Players. if you hold it fit. you must acquire and beget a temperance that may give it smoothness. whose end. to show virtue her own feature. I had as lief the town-crier spoke my lines. O. who for the most part are capable of noth- First Player: I hope we have reformed that indifferently with us. though it make the unskilful laugh.Hamlet. to hold. not to speak it profanely. scorn her own image. so please you. cannot but make the judicious grieve. O. the whirlwind of passion. avoid it. to very rags. sir. it offends me to the soul to hear a robustious periwig-pated fellow tear a passion to tatters. Nor do not saw the air too much with your hand. as many of your players do. Now this overdone. KING CLAUDIUS: It shall be so: Madness in great ones must not unwatch’d go. and that highly. To England send him. and the very age and body of the time his form and pressure. or come tardy off. that. If she find him not. as I may say. ing but inexplicable dumbshows and noise: I would have such a fellow whipped for o’erdoing Termagant. [Exeunt. 52 . HAMLET: Be not too tame neither. nor man. the censure of the which one must in your allowance o’erweigh a whole theatre of others. thus. to split the ears of the groundlings. but let your own discretion be your tutor: suit the action to the word. was and is.] HAMLET: Speak the speech. for in the very torrent. after the play Let his queen mother all alone entreat him To show his grief: let her be round with him. have so strutted and bellowed that I have thought some of nature’s journeymen had made men and not made them well. there be players that I have seen play. tempest. and. neither having the accent of Christians nor the gait of Christian. and heard others praise. the word to the action. they imitated humanity so abominably. And I’ll be placed. but use all gently. the mirror up to nature. in the ear Of all their conference. Act III.] SCENE II: A hall in the castle.

in suffering all. her election Hath seal’d thee for herself. in my heart of heart. and GUILDENSTERN. my dear lord.] Will you two help to hasten them? ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN: We will. sweet lord. Go. HAMLET: Bid the players make haste. and I will wear him In my heart’s core. Give me that man That is not passion’s slave. at your service. in the mean time. Act III. To feed and clothe thee? Why should the poor be flatter’d? No. do not think I flatter. some necessary question of the play be then to be considered: that’s villanous.] HAMLET: What ho! Horatio! 53 . ROSENCRANTZ. A man that fortune’s buffets and rewards Hast ta’en with equal thanks: and blest are those Whose blood and judgment are so well commingled. [Enter POLONIUS.— [Exeunt Players.] HAMLET: Nay. my lord! I will the king hear this piece of work? LORD POLONIUS: And the queen too. that suffers nothing. HORATIO: Here. Dost thou hear? Since my dear soul was mistress of her choice And could of men distinguish. my lord. for there be of them that will themselves laugh. [Exit POLONIUS. to set on some quantity of barren spectators to laugh too. though. for thou hast been As one.Hamlet. reform it altogether.] HAMLET: O. For what advancement may I hope from thee That no revenue hast but thy good spirits. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. ay. and shows a most pitiful ambition in the fool that uses it. That they are not a pipe for fortune’s finger To sound what stop she please. And let those that play your clowns speak no more than is set down for them. scene ii [Enter HORATIO. thou art e’en as just a man As e’er my conversation coped withal. and that presently. HORATIO: O. let the candied tongue lick absurd pomp.] How now. And crook the pregnant hinges of the knee Where thrift may follow fawning. HAMLET: Horatio. make you ready.

HAMLET: Excellent. For I mine eyes will rivet to his face. my lord. Give him heedful note. And ‘scape detecting. Be the players ready? [Danish march. my lord. Even with the very comment of thy soul Observe mine uncle: if his occulted guilt Do not itself unkennel in one speech.Hamlet. Act III. It is a damned ghost that we have seen. Enter KING CLAUDIUS. they stay upon your patience. my dear Hamlet. nor mine now. LORD POLONIUS: I did enact Julius Caesar: I was killed i’ the Capitol. HORATIO: Well. HAMLET: It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a calf there. One scene of it comes near the circumstance Which I have told thee of my father’s death: I prithee. HAMLET: They are coming to the play. And after we will both our judgments join In censure of his seeming. HAMLET: What did you enact? KING CLAUDIUS: I have nothing with this answer. these words are not mine.— There is a play to-night before the king. you say? LORD POLONIUS: That did I. Hamlet. I must be idle: Get you a place. and others. QUEEN GERTRUDE. OPHELIA. my lord: If he steal aught the whilst this play is playing. of the chameleon’s dish: I eat the air. I will pay the theft. A flourish. KING CLAUDIUS: How fares our cousin Hamlet? 54 . POLONIUS.—Something too much of this.] My lord. HAMLET: No. scene ii As I do thee. GUILDENSTERN. when thou seest that act afoot. Brutus killed me. i’ faith. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Come hither. And my imaginations are as foul As Vulcan’s stithy.] ROSENCRANTZ: Ay. you played once i’ the university. promise-crammed: you cannot feed capons so. [To POLONIUS. ROSENCRANTZ. and was accounted a good actor.

HAMLET: Lady. OPHELIA: What is. with the hobby-horse. the Queen embracing him. HAMLET: Do you think I meant country matters? OPHELIA: I think nothing. [Hautboys play. he must build churches. my lord. my lord. I? LORD POLONIUS: [To KING CLAUDIUS] O. and not forgotten yet? Then there’s hope a great man’s memory may outlive his life half a year: but. HAMLET: No. look you. your only jig-maker. O. for. my head upon your lap? OPHELIA: Ay. and makes show of protestation unto him. sit by me. my lord. for I’ll have a suit of sables. 55 . my lord? HAMLET: Nothing. or else shall he suffer not thinking on.] HAMLET: That’s a fair thought to lie between maids’ legs. shall I lie in your lap? [Lying down at OPHELIA’s feet. leaves him. how cheerfully my mother looks. Anon comes in a fellow. and he her. O heavens! die two months ago. seeing him asleep. ’tis twice two months. scene ii OPHELIA: You are merry.Hamlet. here’s metal more attractive. HAMLET: Who. O.] OPHELIA: Nay. Act III. OPHELIA: No. my lord. HAMLET: So long? Nay then. and declines his head upon her neck: lays him down upon a bank of flowers: she. [Enter a King and a Queen very lovingly.’ HAMLET: I mean. let the devil wear black. and my father died within these two hours. HAMLET: O God. What should a man do but be merry? for. good mother. He takes her up. The dumb-show enters. takes off his crown. then. ho! do you mark that? OPHELIA: Ay. my lord. She kneels. whose epitaph is ‘For. by’r lady. my lord. the hobbyhorse is forgot.

The Poisoner wooes the Queen with gifts: she seems loath and unwilling awhile. 56 . The Queen returns.] OPHELIA: ’Tis brief. finds the King dead. Here stooping to your clemency. Player King: Full thirty times hath Phoebus’ cart gone round Neptune’s salt wash and Tellus’ orbed ground. my lord? HAMLET: As woman’s love. though I distrust. scene ii Prologue: For us. seeming to lament with her. my lord. [Enter Prologue. you are naught: I’ll mark the play. So far from cheer and from your former state.] HAMLET: Is this a prologue. it means mischief. and for our tragedy. OPHELIA: Will he tell us what this show meant? Player Queen: So many journeys may the sun and moon Make us again count o’er ere love be done! But. and exit. you are so sick of late.] [Exit. but in the end accepts his love. comes in again. King and Queen. they’ll tell all. he’ll not shame to tell you what it means. with some two or three Mutes. The Poisoner.] OPHELIA: Belike this show imports the argument of the play. The dead body is carried away. Since love our hearts and Hymen did our hands Unite commutual in most sacred bands.Hamlet. and pours poison in the King’s ears. or any show that you’ll show him: be not you ashamed to show. That I distrust you. kisses it. woe is me. OPHELIA: You are naught. this is miching mallecho. or the posy of a ring? [Exeunt. HAMLET: Marry.] HAMLET: We shall know by this fellow: the players cannot keep counsel. Yet. [Enter two Players. We beg your hearing patiently. and makes passionate action. And thirty dozen moons with borrow’d sheen About the world have times twelve thirties been. Act III. OPHELIA: What means this. HAMLET: Ay.

like fruit unripe. but none of love: A second time I kill my husband dead. HAMLET: [Aside] Wormwood. And as my love is sized. Discomfort you. The great man down. Act III. or else fortune love. my fear is so: Where love is great. 57 . Where little fears grow great. For ’tis a question left us yet to prove. what my love is. and shortly too. when they mellow be. Honor’d. This world is not for aye. The violence of either grief or joy Their own enactures with themselves destroy: Where joy most revels. Grief joys. their ends none of our own: So think thou wilt no second husband wed. joy grieves.Hamlet. unshaken. nor ’tis not strange That even our loves should with our fortunes change. confound the rest! Such love must needs be treason in my breast: In second husband let me be accurst! None wed the second but who kill’d the first. doth the purpose lose. it nothing must: For women’s fear and love holds quantity. My operant powers their functions leave to do: And thou shalt live in this fair world behind. When second husband kisses me in bed. Directly seasons him his enemy. beloved. grief doth most lament. scene ii Purpose is but the slave to memory. on slender accident. my lord. Which now. or in extremity. the littlest doubts are fear. you mark his favorite flies. great love grows there. Our thoughts are ours. Our wills and fates do so contrary run That our devices still are overthrown. but poor validity. For who not needs shall never lack a friend. sticks on the tree. But what we do determine oft we break. Of violent birth. Player King: ‘Faith. The poor advanced makes friends of enemies. And who in want a hollow friend doth try. Most necessary ’tis that we forget To pay ourselves what to ourselves is debt: What to ourselves in passion we propose. The passion ending. Player King: I do believe you think what now you speak. and haply one as kind For husband shalt thou— Player Queen: O. orderly to end where I begun. Whether love lead fortune. proof hath made you know. But. Now. I must leave thee. And hitherto doth love on fortune tend. love. But fall. Player Queen: The instances that second marriage move Are base respects of thrift. In neither aught. wormwood.

if I could see the puppets dallying. but she’ll keep her word. and fain I would beguile The tedious day with sleep. Sweet. HAMLET: If she should break it now! HAMLET: The Mouse-trap. Baptista: you shall see anon. how? Tropically. My spirits grow dull. Player Queen: Nor earth to me give food. once a widow. our withers are unwrung.Hamlet.] [Enter LUCIANUS. no offence i’ the world. And never come mischance between us twain! This is one Lucianus. poison in jest. ever I be wife! HAMLET: O. Marry. leave me here awhile. his wife. [Sleeps. nor heaven light! Sport and repose lock from me day and night! To desperation turn my trust and hope! An anchor’s cheer in prison be my scope! Each opposite that blanks the face of joy Meet what I would have well and it destroy! Both here and hence pursue me lasting strife.] OPHELIA: You are as good as a chorus. nephew to the king. no.] Player Queen: Sleep rock thy brain. HAMLET: Madam. methinks. scene ii But die thy thoughts when thy first lord is dead. they do but jest. KING CLAUDIUS: What do you call the play? Player King: ’Tis deeply sworn. ’tis a knavish piece of work: but what o’ that? your majesty and we that have free souls. [Exit. This play is the image of a murder done in Vienna: Gonzago is the duke’s name. it touches us not: let the galled jade wince. If. my lord. how like you this play? HAMLET: I could interpret between you and your love. QUEEN GERTRUDE: The lady protests too much. 58 . Act III. KING CLAUDIUS: Have you heard the argument? Is there no offence in ‘t? HAMLET: No.

’ KING CLAUDIUS: Give me some light: away! LUCIANUS: Thoughts black. of midnight weeds collected. else no creature seeing. sir? [Pours the poison into the sleeper’s ears. Confederate season. Come: ‘the croaking raven doth bellow for revenge. leave thy damnable faces. and a forest of feathers— if the rest of my fortunes turn Turk with me—with two Provincial roses on my razed shoes. thrice infected.] All: Lights. lights! HAMLET: Why. drugs fit. HAMLET: He poisons him i’ the garden for’s estate. sir. pox. His name’s Gonzago: the story is extant. you are keen. my lord. get me a fellowship in a cry of players. For some must watch. very—pajock. frighted with false fire! HAMLET: It would cost you a groaning to take off my edge. Begin. QUEEN GERTRUDE: How fares my lord? OPHELIA: Still better. O Damon dear. HAMLET: What. and now reigns here A very. while some must sleep: So runs the world away. and worse. HAMLET: So you must take your husbands. Thou mixture rank. This realm dismantled was Of Jove himself. I. Would not this. and time agreeing. OPHELIA: The king rises. and begin. lights. hands apt.Hamlet. With Hecate’s ban thrice blasted. and writ in choice Italian: you shall see anon how the murderer gets the love of Gonzago’s wife. 59 . Thy natural magic and dire property. HAMLET: A whole one. let the stricken deer go weep.] HORATIO: Half a share. On wholesome life usurp immediately. The hart ungalled play. Act III. For thou dost know. [Exeunt all but HAMLET and HORATIO. LORD POLONIUS: Give o’er the play. murderer. scene ii OPHELIA: You are keen.

rather with choler. a whole history. HAMLET: O good Horatio. HAMLET: Ay. hath sent me to you. HORATIO: Very well.Hamlet. my lord. sir? GUILDENSTERN: No. your mother.— GUILDENSTERN: Nay. vouchsafe me a word with you. put your discourse into some frame and start not so wildly from my affair. the recorders! For if the king like not the comedy. Didst perceive? HAMLET: With drink. perdy. good my lord. ha! Come. HAMLET: Your wisdom should show itself more richer to signify this to his doctor. your pardon and my return shall be the end of my business. belike. Come. GUILDENSTERN: The king. Why then. sir. some music! HAMLET: I am tame. GUILDENSTERN: Good my lord. [Re-enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. 60 . in most great affliction of spirit. I’ll take the ghost’s word for a thousand pound. for me to put him to his purgation would perhaps plunge him into far more choler. HAMLET: Sir. this courtesy is not of the right breed. I cannot. HAMLET: Upon the talk of the poisoning? HORATIO: I did very well note him. GUILDENSTERN: Is in his retirement marvellous distempered. If it shall please you to make me a wholesome answer. GUILDENSTERN: The queen. HAMLET: Ah.] HAMLET: You are welcome. sir. some music! come. Act III. he likes it not. sir: pronounce. what of him? HAMLET: Sir. for. my lord. GUILDENSTERN: Good my lord. I will do your mother’s commandment: if not. scene ii HORATIO: You might have rhymed.

ere you go to bed. what is your cause of distemper? You do. but sir. such answer as I can make. you say. that can so astonish a mother! But is there no sequel at the heels of this mother’s admiration? Impart. you shall command. but to the matter: my mother. my lord. surely. I cannot. HAMLET: I do beseech you. scene ii GUILDENSTERN: What. ‘While the grass grows. O. bar the door upon your own liberty. my mother: therefore no more. HAMLET: I pray you. if my duty be too bold. you once did love me. my wit’s diseased: but. HAMLET: We shall obey. Have you any further trade with us? HAMLET: I do not well understand that. rather. or. the recorders! let me see one. if you deny your griefs to your friend.] HAMLET: O wonderful son. Act III. GUILDENSTERN: Believe me. GUILDENSTERN: My lord.’—the proverb is something musty. HAMLET: Make you a wholesome answer. when you have the voice of the king himself for your succession in Denmark? HAMLET: Ay. GUILDENSTERN: O. your behavior hath struck her into amazement and admiration.— ROSENCRANTZ: How can that be.Hamlet. I cannot. ROSENCRANTZ: Then thus she says. To withdraw with you:— why do you go about to recover the wind of me. HAMLET: So I do still. Will you play upon this pipe? ROSENCRANTZ: My lord. my love is too unmannerly. by these pickers and stealers. I lack advancement. as if you would drive me into a toil? ROSENCRANTZ: She desires to speak with you in her closet. [Re-enter Players with recorders. as you say. ROSENCRANTZ: Good my lord. 61 . my lord? HAMLET: Sir. sir. were she ten times our mother.

you would seem to know my stops. [Exeunt all but HAMLET. give it breath with your mouth. scene ii HAMLET: Do you see yonder cloud that’s almost in shape of a camel? GUILDENSTERN: I know no touch of it. yet cannot you make it speak.] 62 . LORD POLONIUS: Very like a whale. [Enter POLONIUS. HAMLET: By and by is easily said. and presently.] God bless you. They fool me to the top of my bent. Look you. GUILDENSTERN: But these cannot I command to any utterance of harmony. how unworthy a thing you make of me! You would play upon me. my lord. though you can fret me. in this little organ. these are the stops. and it will discourse most eloquent music. yet you cannot play upon me. and ’tis like a camel. you would sound me from my lowest note to the top of my compass: and there is much music. ‘Sblood. HAMLET: Methinks it is like a weasel. I have not the skill. LORD POLONIUS: By the mass. LORD POLONIUS: My lord. Act III. indeed. you would pluck out the heart of my mystery. the queen would speak with you.Hamlet. friends. I will come by and by. look you now. HAMLET: ’Tis as easy as lying: govern these ventages with your lingers and thumb. HAMLET: Then I will come to my mother by and by. sir! Leave me. do you think I am easier to be played on than a pipe? Call me what instrument you will.] [Exit POLONIUS. LORD POLONIUS: It is backed like a weasel. LORD POLONIUS: I will say so. excellent voice. HAMLET: Or like a whale? HAMLET: Why.

but much more That spirit upon whose weal depend and rest The lives of many. Therefore prepare you. Act III. when it falls. Soft! now to my mother. 63 . nor stands it safe with us To let his madness range. GUILDENSTERN: We will ourselves provide: Most holy and religious fear it is To keep those many many bodies safe That live and feed upon your majesty. but with a general groan. let not ever The soul of Nero enter this firm bosom: Let me be cruel. O heart. Which now goes too free-footed. And he to England shall along with you: The terms of our estate may not endure Hazard so dangerous as doth hourly grow KING CLAUDIUS: Arm you. I pray you. petty consequence. The cease of majesty Dies not alone. not unnatural: I will speak daggers to her. Fix’d on the summit of the highest mount. like a gulf. To give them seals never. With all the strength and armor of the mind. consent! Out of his lunacies. lose not thy nature. And do such bitter business as the day Would quake to look on. For we will fetters put upon this fear. and GUILDENSTERN. but use none. How in my words soever she be shent. I your commission will forthwith dispatch. but. ROSENCRANTZ: The single and peculiar life is bound.] KING CLAUDIUS: I like him not. doth draw What’s near it with it: it is a massy wheel.] SCENE III: A room in the castle. Never alone Did the king sigh. To whose huge spokes ten thousand lesser things Are mortised and adjoin’d. scene iii Tis now the very witching time of night. which. Each small annexment. My tongue and soul in this be hypocrites. To keep itself from noyance. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. Attends the boisterous ruin.Hamlet. ROSENCRANTZ. [Exit. to this speedy voyage. my soul. When churchyards yawn and hell itself breathes out Contagion to this world: now could I drink hot blood.

my offence is rank it smells to heaven. Though inclination be as sharp as will: My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent. Or pardon’d being down? Then I’ll look up. What then? what rests? Try what repentance can: what can it not? Yet what can it when one can not repent? O wretched state! O bosom black as death! O limed soul. that. dear my lord. And. as you said.] [Enter POLONIUS. My fault is past. [Exit POLONIUS. To give in evidence. My crown. Pray can I not. he’s going to his mother’s closet: Behind the arras I’ll convey myself. KING CLAUDIUS: Thanks. of vantage. To be forestalled ere we come to fall. mine own ambition and my queen. my liege: I’ll call upon you ere you go to bed. struggling to be free.] LORD POLONIUS: My lord. ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN : We will haste us. Act III. should o’erhear The speech. and we ourselves compell’d. scene iii I stand in pause where I shall first begin.] O. O. like a man to double business bound. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. And oft ’tis seen the wicked prize itself Buys out the law: but ’tis not so above. And tell you what I know. What if this cursed hand Were thicker than itself with brother’s blood. Even to the teeth and forehead of our faults. A brother’s murder. But. Is there not rain enough in the sweet heavens To wash it white as snow? Whereto serves mercy But to confront the visage of offence? And what’s in prayer but this two-fold force. There is no shuffling. To hear the process. ’Tis meet that some more audience than a mother. Fare you well. Since nature makes them partial. It hath the primal eldest curse upon’t. May one be pardon’d and retain the offence? In the corrupted currents of this world Offence’s gilded hand may shove by justice.Hamlet. what form of prayer Can serve my turn? ‘Forgive me my foul murder’? That cannot be. And both neglect. and warrant she’ll tax him home: And. there the action lies In his true nature. since I am still possess’d Of those effects for which I did the murder. and wisely was it said. 64 .

That would be scann’d: A villain kills my father.] At gaming. [Enter HAMLET. angels! Make assay! Bow. not revenge. scene iv [Retires and kneels. With all his crimes broad blown. ’Tis heavy with him: and am I then revenged. full of bread. his sole son. and.] HAMLET: Now might I do it pat. now he is praying. HAMLET: [Within] Mother. Pray you. be round with him. Art more engaged! Help.] SCENE IV: The Queen’s closet. as flush as May. and know thou a more horrid hent: When he is drunk asleep. And that his soul may be as damn’d and black As hell. this is hire and salary. whereto it goes. Then trip him. I’ll sconce me even here. And now I’ll do’t. do this same villain send To heaven. Be soft as sinews of the newborn babe! All may be well. And so he goes to heaven. He took my father grossly. [Enter QUEEN MARGARET and POLONIUS. Act III. stubborn knees. or in his rage.] LORD POLONIUS: He will come straight. or about some act That has no relish of salvation in’t. that his heels may kick at heaven. Or in the incestuous pleasure of his bed. heart with strings of steel. mother! 65 . mother. and for that. When he is fit and season’d for his passage? No! Up. sword. I. My mother stays: This physic but prolongs thy sickly days.Hamlet. my thoughts remain below: Words without thoughts never to heaven go. KING CLAUDIUS: [Rising] My words fly up. [Exit. Look you lay home to him: Tell him his pranks have been too broad to bear with.] [Exit. And that your grace hath screen’d and stood between Much heat and him. And so am I revenged. And how his audit stands who knows save heaven? But in our circumstance and course of thought. swearing. To take him in the purging of his soul. O.

I’ll set those to you that can speak. by the rood. what’s the matter? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Hamlet. Act III. I hear him coming. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Nay. not so: You are the queen. for a ducat. You go not till I set you up a glass Where you may see the inmost part of you. HAMLET: Go. QUEEN GERTRUDE: O me. ho! HAMLET: Mother. come. help. you have my father much offended. come.] HAMLET: No. QUEEN GERTRUDE: What wilt thou do? thou wilt not murder me? Help. then.] HAMLET: LORD POLONIUS: [Behind] O. and sit you down. you question with a wicked tongue. QUEEN GERTRUDE: I’ll warrant you. HAMLET: [Drawing] How now! a rat? Dead. Hamlet! [Makes a pass through the arras. go. you answer with an idle tongue. thou hast thy father much offended. scene iv And—would it were not so!—you are my mother. mother. dead! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Why. your husband’s brother’s wife. [Enter HAMLET. LORD POLONIUS: [Behind] What. help. Fear me not: withdraw.Hamlet.] HAMLET: Now.] HAMLET: Come. help! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Come. [POLONIUS hides behind the arras. you shall not budge. how now. I am slain! What’s the matter now? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Have you forgot me? [Falls and dies. ho! help. what hast thou done? 66 .

’twas my word. good mother. what a rash and bloody deed is this! HAMLET: A bloody deed! almost as bad. makes marriage-vows As false as dicers’ oaths: O. and marry with his brother. that thou darest wag thy tongue In noise so rude against me? 67 . Act III.Hamlet. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Ay me. Where every god did seem to set his seal. The counterfeit presentment of two brothers. and sweet religion makes A rhapsody of words: heaven’s face doth glow: Yea. To give the world assurance of a man: This was your husband. If damned custom have not brass’d it so That it is proof and bulwark against sense. what a grace was seated on this brow. the front of Jove himself. An eye like Mars. and thunders in the index? [Lifts up the array and discovers POLONIUS. Nay. scene iv HAMLET: Is it the king? HAMLET: Such an act That blurs the grace and blush of modesty. That roars so loud. Is thought-sick at the act. takes off the rose From the fair forehead of an innocent love And sets a blister there. And let me wring your heart. what follows: QUEEN GERTRUDE: What have I done. as against the doom.] Thou wretched. HAMLET: Look here. QUEEN GERTRUDE: As kill a king! HAMLET: Ay. what act. Thou find’st to be too busy is some danger. See. rash. Leave wringing of your hands: peace! sit you down. If it be made of penetrable stuff. to threaten and command. lady. A station like the herald Mercury New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill. With tristful visage. Hyperion’s curls. this solidity and compound mass. Look you now. farewell! I took thee for thy better: take thy fortune. I know not: QUEEN GERTRUDE: O. A combination and a form indeed. and on this. upon this picture. intruding fool. such a deed As from the body of contraction plucks The very soul. Calls virtue hypocrite. As kill a king. for so I shall.

Or but a sickly part of one true sense Could not so mope.Hamlet. A cutpurse of the empire and the rule. Act III. honeying and making love Over the nasty sty.— [Enter Ghost. No more. feeling without sight. speak to me no more. speak no more: 68 . but sure. that sense Is apoplex’d. And melt in her own fire: proclaim no shame When the compulsive ardor gives the charge. Since frost itself as actively doth burn And reason panders will. And waits upon the judgment: and what judgment Would step from this to this? Sense. Else could you not have motion. it’s humble. And batten on this moor? Ha! have you eyes? You cannot call it love. you have. like a mildew’d ear. A slave that is not twentieth part the tithe Of your precedent lord. O shame! where is thy blush? Rebellious hell. sweet Hamlet! HAMLET: A murderer and a villain. enter in mine ears. Blasting his wholesome brother. but to live In the rank sweat of an enseamed bed. To serve in such a difference. What devil was’t That thus hath cozen’d you at hoodman-blind? Eyes without feeling. And put it in his pocket! QUEEN GERTRUDE: No more! HAMLET: A king of shreds and patches. for madness would not err. a vice of kings. Have you eyes? Could you on this fair mountain leave to feed. Here is your husband.— QUEEN GERTRUDE: O. And there I see such black and grained spots As will not leave their tinct. for at your age The hey-day in the blood is tame. Ears without hands or eyes. You heavenly guards! What would your gracious figure? O Hamlet. and hover o’er me with your wings. That from a shelf the precious diadem stole. These words. smelling sans all. scene iv Thou turn’st mine eyes into my very soul. Nor sense to ecstasy was ne’er so thrall’d But it reserved some quantity of choice. To flaming youth let virtue be as wax. Stew’d in corruption. like daggers.] Save me. sure. QUEEN GERTRUDE: HAMLET: Nay. If thou canst mutine in a matron’s bones.

in his habit as he lived! Look. O gentle son. out at the portal! HAMLET: On him. But. Hamlet. Would make them capable. Upon the heat and flame of thy distemper Sprinkle cool patience. as the sleeping soldiers in the alarm. Your bedded hair. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. Lest with this piteous action you convert My stern effects: then what I have to do Will want true color. preaching to stones.Hamlet. HAMLET: Nor did you nothing hear? QUEEN GERTRUDE: How is it with you. how it steals away! My father. lets go by The important acting of your dread command? O. That. say! QUEEN GERTRUDE: To whom do you speak this? Ghost: Do not forget: this visitation Is but to whet thy almost blunted purpose. scene iv His form and cause conjoin’d. yet all that is I see. amazement on thy mother sits: O. tears perchance for blood. Act III. And. step between her and her fighting soul: Conceit in weakest bodies strongest works: Speak to her. HAMLET: HAMLET: Do you see nothing there? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Nothing at all. 69 Ecstasy! . Whereon do you look? HAMLET: Why. Starts up. look. look you there! look. and stands on end. even now. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. That you do bend your eye on vacancy And with the incorporal air do hold discourse? Forth at your eyes your spirits wildly peep. where he goes. like life in excrements. lapsed in time and passion. nothing but ourselves. how is’t with you.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: This the very coinage of your brain: This bodiless creation ecstasy Is very cunning in. lady? No. he’s mad! HAMLET: Do you not come your tardy son to chide. how pale he glares! HAMLET: [Exit Ghost. Do not look upon me. on him! Look you.

And live the purer with the other half. Of habits devil. . And I the matter will re-word. thou hast cleft my heart in twain.] I do repent: but heaven hath pleased it so.Hamlet. [Pointing to POLONIUS. but my madness speaks: It will but skin and film the ulcerous place. For this same lord. Assume a virtue. good night: And when you are desirous to be bless’d. Repent what’s past. HAMLET: O. I will bestow him. And that shall lend a kind of easiness To the next abstinence: the next more easy. and will answer well The death I gave him. I must be cruel. Good night: but go not to mine uncle’s bed. That not your trespass. 70 . And do not spread the compost on the weeds. which madness Would gambol from. That aptly is put on. or throw him out With wondrous potency. is angel yet in this. That monster. only to be kind: Thus bad begins and worse remains behind. Yea. curb and woo for leave to do him good. Forgive me this my virtue. So. . Mother. call you his mouse. Refrain to-night. good lady. . again. custom. And either . Lay not that mattering unction to your soul. good night. avoid what is to come. scene iv He likewise gives a frock or livery. Once more. that I bid you do: Let the bloat king tempt you again to bed. I’ll blessing beg of you. for love of grace. QUEEN GERTRUDE: O Hamlet. if you have it not. That to the use of actions fair and good QUEEN GERTRUDE: What shall I do? HAMLET: Not this. Pinch wanton on your cheek. who all sense doth eat. One word more. My pulse. for a pair of reechy kisses. Whilst rank corruption. For use almost can change the stamp of nature. And makes as healthful music: it is not madness That I have utter’d: bring me to the test. by no means. To make them ranker. throw away the worser part of it. Act III. the devil. To punish me with this and this with me. mining all within. as yours. That I must be their scourge and minister. For in the fatness of these pursy times Virtue itself of vice must pardon beg. Infects unseen. And let him. doth temperately keep time. Confess yourself to heaven.

QUEEN GERTRUDE: Be thou assured. ‘Twere good you let him know. But mad in craft. This man shall set me packing: I’ll lug the guts into the neighbor room. To try conclusions. if words be made of breath. [Exeunt severally. Make you to ravel all this matter out. Indeed this counsellor Is now most still. Let it work. Let the birds fly. and. And breath of life. That I essentially am not in madness. 71 . in despite of sense and secrecy. HAMLET: There’s letters seal’d: and my two schoolfellows. that’s but a queen. HAMLET dragging in POLONIUS. Would from a paddock. scene iv Or paddling in your neck with his damn’d fingers. Alack. wise. fair. most secret and most grave. Mother. good night. For who. sir.Hamlet. you know that? QUEEN GERTRUDE: I had forgot: ’tis so concluded on. they must sweep my way. from a bat. When in one line two crafts directly meet. And break your own neck down. I have no life to breathe What thou hast said to me. And blow them at the moon: O. to draw toward an end with you. Such dear concernings hide? who would do so? No. sober. ’tis most sweet. And marshal me to knavery. For ’tis the sport to have the engineer Hoist with his own petard: and ‘t shall go hard But I will delve one yard below their mines.] HAMLET: I must to England. Good night. They bear the mandate. in the basket creep. Come. a gib. Unpeg the basket on the house’s top. Act III. like the famous ape. Whom I will trust as I will adders fang’d. mother. Who was in life a foolish prating knave.

like the owner of a foul disease. ‘A rat. Gertrude? How does Hamlet? KING CLAUDIUS: O Gertrude. Ho. We would not understand what was most fit. To you yourself. Shows itself pure. Behind the arras hearing something stir. scene i The unseen good old man. my good lord. But. he weeps for what is done. Guildenstern! QUEEN GERTRUDE: Mad as the sea and wind. ACT IV KING CLAUDIUS: O heavy deed! It had been so with us.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: To draw apart the body he hath kill’d: O’er whom his very madness. had we been there: His liberty is full of threats to all. how shall this bloody deed be answer’d? It will be laid to us.Hamlet. like some ore Among a mineral of metals base. whose providence Should have kept short. come away! The sun no sooner shall the mountains touch. But we will ship him hence: and this vile deed We must. Where is he gone? SCENE I: A room in the castle. kills [Re-enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN.] 72 . Ah. Whips out his rapier. these profound heaves: You must translate: ’tis fit we understand them. This mad young man: but so much was our love. in this brainish apprehension. and GUILDENSTERN. when both contend Which is the mightier: in his lawless fit. to every one. let it feed Even on the pith of Life. ROSENCRANTZ. To keep it from divulging. what have I seen to-night! KING CLAUDIUS: What.] KING CLAUDIUS: There’s matter in these sighs. cries. QUEEN GERTRUDE. to us. restrain’d and out of haunt. Alas. Both countenance and excuse. a rat!’ And. Where is your son? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Bestow this place on us a little while. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. Act IV. [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. with all our majesty and skill.

] Come. whereto ’tis kin. both what we mean to do. HAMLET: What noise? who calls on Hamlet? O. scene ii Friends both. speak fair. Gertrude. haste in this. may miss our name. his rewards. that soaks up the king’s countenance. HAMLET: Compounded it with dust. my lord. But such officers do the king best service in the end: he keeps them. here they come. ROSENCRANTZ: Tell us where ’tis. HAMLET: Ay. in the corner ROSENCRANTZ & GUILDENSTERN: [Within] Hamlet! Lord Hamlet! 73 . I pray you. ROSENCRANTZ: Believe what? [Exeunt. And what’s untimely done… Whose whisper o’er the world’s diameter. Besides. [Enter HAMLET. that we may take it thence And bear it to the chapel. sir. And hit the woundless air. As level as the cannon to his blank. go join you with some further aid: Hamlet in madness hath Polonius slain. like an ape. And from his mother’s closet hath he dragg’d him: Go seek him out.] HAMLET: That I can keep your counsel and not mine own.] ROSENCRANTZ: Take you me for a sponge. and bring the body Into the chapel. Act IV.] ROSENCRANTZ: What have you done. come away! My soul is full of discord and dismay. Transports his poison’d shot. to be demanded of a sponge! what replication should be made by the son of a king? SCENE II: Another room in the castle. O. HAMLET: Do not believe it. [Enter ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. we’ll call up our wisest friends. And let them know. with the dead body? [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN.Hamlet. his authorities. my lord? HAMLET: Safely stowed.

but their eyes. to be last swallowed: when he needs what you have gleaned. and go with us to the king. Act IV. Hide fox. my lord. ROSENCRANTZ: My lord. my lord. Who like not in their judgment. KING CLAUDIUS: I have sent to seek him. ROSENCRANTZ: I understand you not. [Enter ROSENCRANTZ. you shall be dry again. first mouthed. sponge. scene iii of his jaw. KING CLAUDIUS: 74 But where is he? . Or not at all. SCENE III: Another room in the castle. but the king is not with the body. you must tell us where the body is. But never the offence. it is but squeezing you. This sudden sending him away must seem Deliberate pause: diseases desperate grown By desperate appliance are relieved.] How now! what hath befall’n? [Exeunt. And where tis so. HAMLET: The body is with the king. and to find the body.] HAMLET: I am glad of it: a knavish speech sleeps in a foolish ear. and all after. We cannot get from him. attended. The king is a thing— GUILDENSTERN: A thing.] ROSENCRANTZ: Where the dead body is bestow’d. To bear all smooth and even. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. How dangerous is it that this man goes loose! Yet must not we put the strong law on him: He’s loved of the distracted multitude.Hamlet. my lord! HAMLET: Of nothing: bring me to him. and. the offender’s scourge is weigh’d.

—must send thee hence With fiery quickness: therefore prepare thyself. KING CLAUDIUS: Bring him before us. But indeed. KING CLAUDIUS: Go seek him there. Your worm is your only emperor for diet: we fat all creatures else to fat us.— Which we do tender. alas! HAMLET: A man may fish with the worm that hath eat of a king. The associates tend. Act IV. send hither to see: if your messenger find him not there. KING CLAUDIUS: Now. you shall nose him as you go up the stairs into the lobby. if you find him not within this month. HAMLET: Nothing but to show you how a king may go a progress through the guts of a beggar. for thine especial safety. Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: Where is Polonius? [Enter HAMLET and GUILDENSTERN.Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: At supper! where? [To some Attendants. my lord. and the wind at help. [Exeunt Attendants. two dishes.] HAMLET: In heaven. this deed. and cat of the fish that hath fed of that worm. but to one table: that’s the end. The bark is ready. scene iii KING CLAUDIUS: What dost you mean by this? ROSENCRANTZ: Without. to know your pleasure.] HAMLET: Not where he eats. where’s Polonius? HAMLET: At supper. but where he is eaten: a certain convocation of politic worms are e’en at him.] KING CLAUDIUS: Hamlet. guarded. 75 . as we dearly grieve For that which thou hast done. seek him i’ the other place yourself. and we fat ourselves for maggots: your fat king and your lean beggar is but variable service. Guildenstern! bring in my lord. ROSENCRANTZ: Ho. HAMLET: He will stay till ye come. and every thing is bent KING CLAUDIUS: Alas.

marching. scene iv [Exeunt ROSENCRANTZ and GUILDENSTERN. You know the rendezvous. Delay it not. for England! Farewell. and Soldiers.] For England. But. And thou must cure me: till I know ’tis done. Come. man and wife is one flesh. from me greet the Danish king. KING CLAUDIUS: So is it. if thou knew’st our purposes. and thy free awe Pays homage to us—thou mayst not coldly set Our sovereign process. If that his majesty would aught with us.] [Exit. tempt him with speed aboard. I’ll have him hence to-night: Away! for every thing is seal’d and done That else leans on the affair: pray you. Howe’er my haps. Hamlet. 76 . and so. [Exit. For like the hectic in my blood he rages.Hamlet. come. [Enter FORTINBRAS. Act IV. Hamlet.] PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Go. which imports at full. HAMLET: I see a cherub that sees them. HAMLET: KING CLAUDIUS: HAMLET: And. For England! Ay. We shall express our duty in his eye. The present death of Hamlet.] HAMLET: My mother: father and mother is man and wife. Since yet thy cicatrice looks raw and red After the Danish sword. KING CLAUDIUS: Follow him at foot. dear mother. England. Fortinbras Craves the conveyance of a promised march Over his kingdom. make haste. by his license. my joys were ne’er begun. By letters congruing to that effect. my mother. England. if my love thou hold’st at aught— As my great power thereof may give thee sense. Do it. a Captain. for England! SCENE IV: A plain in Denmark. captain. KING CLAUDIUS: Thy loving father. Tell him that. Good.

it is already garrison’d. five. Fortinbras. sir? ROSENCRANTZ: Wilt please you go.] Captain: Yes.] Captain: Truly to speak. To pay five ducats.] HAMLET: Who commands them. Nor will it yield to Norway or the Pole A ranker rate. That inward breaks. HAMLET: Two thousand souls and twenty thousand ducats Will not debate the question of this straw: This is the imposthume of much wealth and peace. HAMLET: How purposed. and shows no cause without Why the man dies. I pray you? Captain: God be wi’ you. I humbly thank you. I would not farm it. and with no addition. my lord. HAMLET: I’ll be with you straight go a little before. sir. [Enter HAMLET. should it be sold in fee.] HAMLET: Why. Captain: Against some part of Poland. HAMLET: Good sir. Or for some frontier? [Exeunt all except HAMLET. GUILDENSTERN. whose powers are these? Captain: They are of Norway. 77 . sir. sir. HAMLET: Goes it against the main of Poland. [Exit.Hamlet. scene iv PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Go softly on. and others. [Exeunt FORTINBRAS and Soldiers. How all occasions do inform against me. Act IV. Captain: I will do’t. my lord? Captain: The nephews to old Norway. sir. ROSENCRANTZ. We go to gain a little patch of ground That hath in it no profit but the name. And let him know so. then the Polack never will defend it. sir.

HORATIO.’ Sith I have cause and will and strength and means To do’t. If his chief good and market of his time Be but to sleep and feed? a beast. Yet the unshaped use of it doth move The hearers to collection. How stand I then. That. A thought which. says she hears There’s tricks i’ the world. I see [Exit. Looking before and after. and a Gentleman. My thoughts be bloody. for a fantasy and trick of fame. Rightly to be great Is not to stir without great argument. Gentleman: She is importunate. scene v The imminent death of twenty thousand men. 78 . Go to their graves like beds. Now. hath but one part wisdom And ever three parts coward. A room in the castle. and hems. And let all sleep? while. That have a father kill’d. Excitements of my reason and my blood. [Enter QUEEN GERTRUDE. he that made us with such large discourse. no more. Spurns enviously at straws. to my shame. Act IV. and beats her heart. speaks things in doubt. That carry but half sense: her speech is nothing. whether it be Bestial oblivion. fight for a plot Whereon the numbers cannot try the cause. QUEEN GERTRUDE: What would she have? Gentleman: She speaks much of her father. a mother stain’d. Exposing what is mortal and unsure To all that fortune.Hamlet. from this time forth. or some craven scruple Of thinking too precisely on the event.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: I will not speak with her.] SCENE V: Elsinore. Examples gross as earth exhort me: Witness this army of such mass and charge Led by a delicate and tender prince. or be nothing worth! And spur my dull revenge! What is a man. I do not know Why yet I live to say ‘This thing’s to do. Even for an egg-shell. they aim at it. Which is not tomb enough and continent To hide the slain? O. death and danger dare. But greatly to find quarrel in a straw When honor’s at the stake. quarter’d. Sure. gave us not That capability and god-like reason To fust in us unused. indeed distract: Her mood will needs be pitied. Whose spirit with divine ambition puff ’d Makes mouths at the invisible event.

Each toy seems prologue to some great amiss: So full of artless jealousy is guilt. And his sandal shoon. Indeed would make one think there might be thought. OPHELIA: Where is the beauteous majesty of Denmark? [Sings. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Nay. and gestures yield them. and nods. Ophelia! [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. And botch the words up fit to their own thoughts. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Let her come in. scene v From another one? By his cockle hat and staff. At his heels a stone. what imports this song? HORATIO: ‘Twere good she were spoken with. Which. [Sings. It spills itself in fearing to be spilt. my lord. Ophelia. mark. as sin’s true nature is. for she may strew Dangerous conjectures in ill-breeding minds. mark. look here. with OPHELIA. He is dead and gone. as her winks. At his head a grass-green turf.] To my sick soul.] OPHELIA: [Sings. OPHELIA: Say you? nay.] OPHELIA: Pray you.— QUEEN GERTRUDE: How now. Though nothing sure. lady.Hamlet. yet much unhappily.— [Re-enter HORATIO. Act IV. [Exit HORATIO. sweet lady. pray you. but.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alas. How should I your true love know 79 .] White his shroud as the mountain snow.] He is dead and gone.

All in the morning betime. ladies. pretty lady? OPHELIA: Well. we know what we are. Quoth she. that out a maid Never departed more.] To-morrow is Saint Valentine’s day. And dupp’d the chamber-door. So would I ha’ done.] By Gis and by Saint Charity. let’s have no words of this. my coach! Good night. good night. KING CLAUDIUS: How do you. I’ll make an end on’t: Larded with sweet flowers Which bewept to the grave did go With true-love showers. 80 . Lord. and donn’d his clothes. say you this: KING CLAUDIUS: How long hath she been thus? OPHELIA: I hope all will be well. sweet ladies. God be at your table! KING CLAUDIUS: Conceit upon her father. good night. God ‘ild you! They say the owl was a baker’s daughter.] KING CLAUDIUS: Follow her close. and fie for shame! Young men will do’t. la. OPHELIA: Pray you. good night. [Sings. scene v KING CLAUDIUS: Pretty Ophelia! OPHELIA: [Sings. to think they should lay him i’ the cold ground. You promised me to wed. give her good watch. By cock. To be your Valentine. they are to blame. Then up he rose.Hamlet. I pray you. Come. but know not what we may be. An thou hadst not come to my bed. [Sings. My brother shall know of it: and so I thank you for your good counsel. Let in the maid. Act IV. by yonder sun. And I a maid at your window. Alack. before you tumbled me.] OPHELIA: Indeed. [Exit. We must be patient: but I cannot choose but weep. if they come to’t. but when they ask you what it means. without an oath.

First. Will nothing stick our person to arraign In ear and ear. Without the which we are pictures. in a riotous head. [Exit HORATIO. The ratifiers and props of every word. you false Danish dogs! KING CLAUDIUS: The doors are broke. applaud it to the clouds: ‘Laertes shall be king. The rabble call him lord. Gertrude. Thick and unwholesome in their thoughts and whispers. Wherein necessity. Laertes king!’ QUEEN GERTRUDE: How cheerfully on the false trail they cry! O.] What is the matter? Gentleman: Save yourself. they come not single spies But in battalions.] O.] [Noise within. in many places Gives me superfluous death. or mere beasts: Last. and we have done but greenly. Act IV. my lord: The ocean. Feeds on his wonder. O my dear Gertrude. [Enter another Gentleman.Hamlet. of matter beggar’d. this. and as much containing as all these. They cry ‘Choose we: Laertes shall be king:’ Caps. this is the poison of deep grief. For good Polonius’ death. what noise is this? 81 . overpeering of his list. And wants not buzzers to infect his ear With pestilent speeches of his father’s death. Antiquity forgot. Like to a murdering-piece. custom not known. O’erbears your officers. O Gertrude. your son gone. her father slain: Next. When sorrows come. as the world were now but to begin. And. this is counter. Her brother is in secret come from France. [A noise within. and he most violent author Of his own just remove: the people muddied. and tongues. In hugger-mugger to inter him: poor Ophelia Divided from herself and her fair judgment. Eats not the flats with more impetuous haste Than young Laertes. scene v KING CLAUDIUS: Where are my Switzers? Let them guard the door.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: Alack. it springs All from her father’s death. keeps himself in clouds. hands.

Gertrude. good Laertes. Laertes. scene v That treason can but peep to what it would. They shall go far with little. Tell me. That both the worlds I give to negligence. allegiance! vows. Cries cuckold to my father. O thou vile king. 82 . only I’ll be revenged Most thoroughly for my father. do not fear our person: There’s such divinity doth hedge a king. Act IV. Gertrude.] LAERTES: Where is this king? Sirs. That thy rebellion looks so giant-like? Let him go. LAERTES: I thank you: keep the door. Give me my father! QUEEN GERTRUDE: LAERTES: How came he dead? I’ll not be juggled with: To hell. Let come what comes. not all the world: And for my means. we will. man. stand you all without. let’s come in. To this point I stand.Hamlet. give me leave. QUEEN GERTRUDE: But not by him. KING CLAUDIUS: Dead. armed. Let him go. LAERTES: Where is my father? LAERTES: I pray you. to the blackest devil! Conscience and grace. to the profoundest pit! I dare damnation. Acts little of his will. [They retire without the door.] KING CLAUDIUS: Let him demand his fill. Calmly. KING CLAUDIUS: What is the cause. [Enter LAERTES. between the chaste unsmirched brow Of my true mother. Speak. I’ll husband them so well. Danes: No. Danes following. KING CLAUDIUS: Who shall stay you? LAERTES: My will. LAERTES: That drop of blood that’s calm proclaims me bastard. Why thou art thus incensed. Danes: We will. Laertes. brands the harlot Even here.

is’t writ in your revenge. thy madness shall be paid by weight. OPHELIA: [Sings. that stole his master’s daughter. swoopstake. And am most sensible in grief for it. It shall as level to your judgment pierce As day does to your eye. And like the kind life-rendering pelican. hey nonny. a young maid’s wits Should be as moral as an old man’s life? Nature is fine in love.Hamlet. Burn out the sense and virtue of mine eye! By heaven. LAERTES: How now! what noise is that? [Re-enter OPHELIA. That. my dove! KING CLAUDIUS: Why. kind sister. dry up my brains! tears seven times salt.] 83 . An you call him a-down-a. scene v O heat. It could not move thus. O. You must sing a-down a-down. how the wheel becomes it! It is the false steward. And in his grave rain’d many a tear:— Fare you well.] Let her come in. Act IV. LAERTES: Hadst thou thy wits. now you speak Like a good child and a true gentleman. nonny. sweet Ophelia! O heavens! is’t possible. you will draw both friend and foe. Winner and loser? LAERTES: None but his enemies. O rose of May! Dear maid. and didst persuade revenge. That I am guiltless of your father’s death.] They bore him barefaced on the bier. KING CLAUDIUS: Will you know them then? LAERTES: To his good friends thus wide I’ll ope my arms. Till our scale turn the beam. Repast them with my blood. Danes: [Within] OPHELIA: [Sings. If you desire to know the certainty Of your dear father’s death. and where ’tis fine. Hey non nonny. KING CLAUDIUS: Good Laertes. It sends some precious instance of itself After the thing it loves.

O God? KING CLAUDIUS: Laertes.— And of all Christian souls. Make choice of whom your wisest friends you will. She turns to favor and to prettiness. I pray God.] And will he not come again? And will he not come again? No. that’s for remembrance. God be wi’ ye. that’s for thoughts. And we cast away moan: God ha’ mercy on his soul! LAERTES: A document in madness. Act IV. pray. but they withered all when my father died: they say he made a good end. he is dead: 84 . thoughts and remembrance fitted. His beard was as white as snow. And we shall jointly labor with your soul To give it due content. Go but apart. and here’s some for me: we may call it herbgrace o’ Sundays: O you must wear your rue with a difference. OPHELIA: [Sings. Or you deny me right.] For bonny sweet Robin is all my joy. hell itself. love. our life. we will our kingdom give. and columbines: there’s rue for you. LAERTES: Thought and affliction.Hamlet. scene v Go to thy death-bed: He never will come again. [Sings.] LAERTES: Do you see this. remember: and there is pansies. no. To you in satisfaction. All flaxen was his poll: He is gone. OPHELIA: There’s rosemary. passion. LAERTES: This nothing’s more than matter. he is gone. There’s a daisy: I would give you some violets. Our crown. And they shall hear and judge ‘twixt you and me: If by direct or by collateral hand They find us touch’d. OPHELIA: There’s fennel for you. [Exit. I must commune with your grief. and all that we can ours. Be you content to lend your patience to us. but if not.

No noble rite nor formal ostentation— Cry to be heard. it comes from the ambassador that was bound for England. Let the king have the letters I have sent.Hamlet. ‘He that thou knowest thine.] SCENE VI: Another room in the castle. [Enter Sailors. sir.] HORATIO: What are they that would speak with me? Servant: Sailors. HAMLET. I will make you way for these your letters. if your name be Horatio. HORATIO: Let them come in. [Exeunt. when thou shalt have overlooked this. as ‘twere from heaven to earth. They have dealt with me like thieves of mercy: but they knew what they did. HORATIO: [Reads] ‘Horatio. There’s a letter for you. as I am let to know it is. an’t please him.’ Come. so I alone became their prisoner. scene vi LAERTES: Let this be so. His means of death. I have words to speak in thine ear will make thee dumb. Finding ourselves too slow of sail. sir: they say they have letters for you. [Enter HORATIO and a Servant. sir. and repair thou to me with as much speed as thou wouldst fly death. sir. Ere we were two days old at sea. go with me. These good fellows will bring thee where I am. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern hold their course for England: of them I have much to tell thee. yet are they much too light for the bore of the matter. give these fellows some means to the king: they have letters for him. Act IV. First Sailor: He shall. [Exit Servant. And where the offence is let the great axe fall. That I must call’t in question. if not from Lord Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: So you shall.] I do not know from what part of the world I should be greeted. his obscure funeral— No trophy. a pirate of very warlike appointment gave us chase. nor hatchment o’er his bones. sword.] First Sailor: God bless you. 85 . and in the grapple I boarded them: on the instant they got clear of our ship. HORATIO: Let him bless thee too. I pray you. we put on a compelled valor. Farewell. I am to do a good turn for them.

dipping all his faults in their affection. Would. That. LAERTES: And so have I a noble father lost. I could not but by her. That he which hath your noble father slain Pursued my life. Stood challenger on mount of all the age For her perfections: but my revenge will come. like the spring that turneth wood to stone. Which may to you. A sister driven into desperate terms. And that. I hope.] KING CLAUDIUS: Now must your conscience my acquaintance seal. and for myself— My virtue or my plague. Convert his gyves to graces. for two special reasons. Who. Act IV.] SCENE VII: Another room in the castle. as the star moves not but in his sphere. perhaps. that you may direct me To him from whom you brought them. [Exeunt. And you must put me in your heart for friend. be it either which— [Enter a Messenger. You shortly shall hear more: I loved your father. will teach you to imagine— KING CLAUDIUS: O. Would have reverted to my bow again. if praises may go back again. Sith you have heard. Is the great love the general gender bear him. LAERTES: It well appears: but tell me Why you proceeded not against these feats. and with a knowing ear. She’s so conjunctive to my life and soul. wisdom. Why to a public count I might not go. The other motive. all things else. so that my arrows.Hamlet. So crimeful and so capital in nature. Too slightly timber’d for so loud a wind. Whose worth. And not where I had aim’d them. As by your safety. and we love ourself. The queen his mother Lives almost by his looks. But yet to me they are strong. You mainly were stirr’d up. seem much unsinew’d. scene vii And do’t the speedier. [Enter KING CLAUDIUS and LAERTES.] 86 . KING CLAUDIUS: Break not your sleeps for that: you must not think That we are made of stuff so flat and dull That we can let our beard be shook with danger And think it pastime.

first asking your pardon thereunto. my lord. You shall know I am set naked on your kingdom. KING CLAUDIUS: If it be so. now ripe in my device. my lord. If he be now return’d. To-morrow shall I beg leave to see your kingly eyes: when I shall. That I shall live and tell him to his teeth. KING CLAUDIUS: Leave us.’ KING CLAUDIUS: From Hamlet! who brought them? Messenger: Sailors. .Hamlet. and that he means No more to undertake it. I saw them not: They were given me by Claudio. Under the which he shall not choose but fall: And for his death no wind of blame shall breathe. Laertes— As how should it be so? how otherwise?— Will you be ruled by me? Laertes. they say. Act IV.] ‘High and mighty.] 87 My lord. he says ‘alone. my lord. I will be ruled. from Hamlet: This to your majesty. this to the queen. [Exit Messenger. he received them Of him that brought them. you shall hear them. recount the occasion of my sudden and more strange return. It warms the very sickness in my heart. LAERTES: Know you the hand? LAERTES: [Reads.’ What should this mean? Are all the rest come back? Or is it some abuse.’ Can you advise me? How now! what news? Messenger: Letters. ‘Thus didest thou. ‘HAMLET. and no such thing? KING CLAUDIUS: To thine own peace. But let him come. scene vii KING CLAUDIUS: ’Tis Hamlets character. As checking at his voyage. So you will not o’errule me to a peace. my lord. LAERTES: I’m lost in it. LAERTES: Ay. ‘Naked! And in a postscript here. But even his mother shall uncharge the practice And call it accident. I will work him To an exploit.

Hamlet, Act IV, scene vii

LAERTES:

The rather, if you could devise it so
That I might be the organ.

A Norman was’t?

KING CLAUDIUS: A Norman.
KING CLAUDIUS:
It falls right.
You have been talk’d of since your travel much,
And that in Hamlet’s hearing, for a quality
Wherein, they say, you shine: your sum of parts
Did not together pluck such envy from him
As did that one, and that, in my regard,
Of the unworthiest siege.
LAERTES:

LAERTES: Upon my life, Lamond.
KING CLAUDIUS:

The very same.

LAERTES: I know him well: he is the brooch indeed
And gem of all the nation.
KING CLAUDIUS: He made confession of you,
And gave you such a masterly report
For art and exercise in your defence
And for your rapier most especially,
That he cried out, ’twould be a sight indeed,
If one could match you: the scrimers of their nation,
He swore, had had neither motion, guard, nor eye,
If you opposed them. Sir, this report of his
Did Hamlet so envenom with his envy
That he could nothing do but wish and beg
Your sudden coming o’er, to play with him.
Now, out of this,—

What part is that, my lord?

KING CLAUDIUS: A very riband in the cap of youth,
Yet needful too; for youth no less becomes
The light and careless livery that it wears
Than settled age his sables and his weeds,
Importing health and graveness. Two months since,
Here was a gentleman of Normandy:—
I’ve seen myself, and served against, the French,
And they can well on horseback: but this gallant
Had witchcraft in’t; he grew unto his seat;
And to such wondrous doing brought his horse,
As he had been incorpsed and demi-natured
With the brave beast: so far he topp’d my thought,
That I, in forgery of shapes and tricks,
Come short of what he did.

LAERTES:

What out of this, my lord?

KING CLAUDIUS: Laertes, was your father dear to you?
88

Hamlet, Act IV, scene vii

sanctuarize;
Revenge should have no bounds. But, good Laertes,
Will you do this, keep close within your chamber.
Hamlet return’d shall know you are come home:
We’ll put on those shall praise your excellence
And set a double varnish on the fame
The Frenchman gave you, bring you in fine together
And wager on your heads: he, being remiss,
Most generous and free from all contriving,
Will not peruse the foils; so that, with ease,
Or with a little shuffling, you may choose
A sword unbated, and in a pass of practice
Requite him for your father.

Or are you like the painting of a sorrow,
A face without a heart?
LAERTES:

Why ask you this?

KING CLAUDIUS: Not that I think you did not love
your father;
But that I know love is begun by time;
And that I see, in passages of proof,
Time qualifies the spark and fire of it.
There lives within the very flame of love
A kind of wick or snuff that will abate it;
And nothing is at a like goodness still;
For goodness, growing to a plurisy,
Dies in his own too much: that we would do
We should do when we would; for this ‘would’ changes
And hath abatements and delays as many
As there are tongues, are hands, are accidents;
And then this ‘should’ is like a spendthrift sigh,
That hurts by easing. But, to the quick o’ the ulcer:—
Hamlet comes back: what would you undertake,
To show yourself your father’s son in deed
More than in words?
LAERTES:

LAERTES:
I will do’t:
And, for that purpose, I’ll anoint my sword.
I bought an unction of a mountebank,
So mortal that, but dip a knife in it,
Where it draws blood no cataplasm so rare,
Collected from all simples that have virtue
Under the moon, can save the thing from death
That is but scratch’d withal: I’ll touch my point
With this contagion, that, if I gall him slightly,
It may be death.

To cut his throat i’ the church.
KING CLAUDIUS:
Let’s further think of this;
Weigh what convenience both of time and means

KING CLAUDIUS: No place, indeed, should murder
89

Hamlet, Act IV, scene vii

Of crow-flowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples
That liberal shepherds give a grosser name,
But our cold maids do dead men’s fingers call them:
There, on the pendent boughs her coronet weeds
Clambering to hang, an envious sliver broke;
When down her weedy trophies and herself
Fell in the weeping brook. Her clothes spread wide;
And, mermaid-like, awhile they bore her up:
Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes;
As one incapable of her own distress,
Or like a creature native and indued
Unto that element: but long it could not be
Till that her garments, heavy with their drink,
Pull’d the poor wretch from her melodious lay
To muddy death.

May fit us to our shape: if this should fail,
And that our drift look through our bad performance,
‘Twere better not assay’d: therefore this project
Should have a back or second, that might hold,
If this should blast in proof. Soft! let me see:
We’ll make a solemn wager on your cunnings:
I ha’t.
When in your motion you are hot and dry—
As make your bouts more violent to that end—
And that he calls for drink, I’ll have prepared him
A chalice for the nonce, whereon but sipping,
If he by chance escape your venom’d stuck,
Our purpose may hold there.
[Enter QUEEN GERTRUDE.]

LAERTES:

How now, sweet queen!

Alas, then, she is drown’d?

QUEEN GERTRUDE: Drown’d, drown’d.

QUEEN GERTRUDE: One woe doth tread upon
another’s heel,
So fast they follow; your sister’s drown’d, Laertes.

LAERTES: Too much of water hast thou, poor Ophelia,
And therefore I forbid my tears: but yet
It is our trick; nature her custom holds,
Let shame say what it will: when these are gone,
The woman will be out. Adieu, my lord:
I have a speech of fire, that fain would blaze,
But that this folly douts it.

LAERTES: Drown’d! O, where?
QUEEN GERTRUDE: There is a willow grows aslant a brook,
That shows his hoar leaves in the glassy stream;
There with fantastic garlands did she come
90

ditchers. scene i [Exit. Here lies the water. Therefore let’s follow. but hear you. 91 . There is no ancient gentleman but gardeners. Second Clown: Nay. is’t.— SCENE I: A churchyard. and drown himself. and finds it Christian burial. First Clown: Give me leave. but if the water come to him and drown him. [Enter two Clowns. to act. [Exeunt. more than their even Christian. crowner’s quest law. marry. good: here stands the man. nill he. Second Clown: I tell thee she is: and therefore make her grave straight: the crowner hath sat on her. he goes. she should have been buried out o’ Christian burial. he that is not guilty of his own death shortens not his own life. KING CLAUDIUS: Let’s follow. there thou say’st: and the more pity that great folk should have countenance in this world to drown or hang themselves. he drowns not himself: argal.—mark you that. will he. good.Hamlet. Come. to perform: argal. For here lies the point: if I drown myself wittingly. Gertrude: How much I had to do to calm his rage! Now fear I this will give it start again. unless she drowned herself in her own defence? Second Clown: Why. ’tis found so.] Second Clown: But is this law? First Clown: Is she to be buried in Christian burial that wilfully seeks her own salvation? First Clown: Ay.] ACT V Second Clown: Will you ha’ the truth on’t? If this had not been a gentlewoman. she drowned herself wittingly. my spade.] First Clown: It must be ‘se offendendo. &c. it is. to do. with spades. First Clown: How can that be.’ it cannot be else. Act V. if the man go to this water. First Clown: Why. and grave-makers: they hold up Adam’s profession. it argues an act: and an act hath three branches: it is. goodman delver.

ah. for your dull ass will not mend his pace with beating. or the carpenter? [Exit Second Clown. methought. say ‘a grave-maker: ‘the houses that he makes last till doomsday. come. the shipwright. and. First Clown: What. O. Second Clown: Why. To’t again. First Clown: What is he that builds stronger than either the mason. there was nothing meet.] First Clown: I like thy wit well. First Clown: To’t. the time.] Second Clown: The gallows-maker. but how does it well? it does well to those that do in: now thou dost ill to say the gallows is built stronger than the church: argal. when you are asked this question next. tell me that. and unyoke. or a carpenter?’ HAMLET: Has this fellow no feeling of his business. when I did love. Go. the gallows may do well to thee. get thee to Yaughan: fetch me a stoup of liquor. Act V. Second Clown: Marry. In youth.] First Clown: Cudgel thy brains no more about it. for that frame outlives a thousand tenants. [He digs and sings. now I can tell. that he sings at grave-making? 92 .Hamlet. I cannot tell. art a heathen? How dost thou understand the Scripture? The Scripture says ‘Adam digged:’ could he dig without arms? I’ll put another question to thee: if thou answerest me not to the purpose. at a distance. for. he had none. Second Clown: ‘Who builds stronger than a mason. Second Clown: Go to. [Enter HAMLET and HORATIO. O. did love. a shipwright. in good faith: the gallows does well. my behove. Methought it was very sweet. scene i Second Clown: Was he a gentleman? First Clown: Ay. To contract. confess thyself— Second Clown: Mass. First Clown: He was the first that ever bore arms.

his cases. his quillets. one that would circumvent God. Hath claw’d me in his clutch.Hamlet. as if it were Cain’s jaw-bone.] First Clown: [Sings. that did the first murder! It might be the pate of a politician. Did these bones cost no more the breeding. sweet lord! How dost thou. a pit of clay for to be made For such a guest is meet. and double HORATIO: It might. that praised my lord such-a-one’s horse. to have his fine pate full of fine dirt? will his vouchers vouch him no more of his purchases. my lord.] [Throws up another skull. my lord. might it not? 93 . First Clown: [Sings. and knocked about the mazzard with a sexton’s spade: here’s fine revolution. For and a shrouding sheet: O.] HAMLET: That skull had a tongue in it. [Throws up a skull. HORATIO: Custom hath made it in him a property of easiness. his recognizances. his recoveries: is this the fine of his fines. HAMLET: Why. As if I had never been such. and a spade. e’en so: and now my Lady Worm’s. with his stealing steps. his double vouchers. and could sing once: how the knave jowls it to the ground. which could say ‘Good morrow. A pick-axe. his fines. but to play at loggats with ‘em? mine ache to think on’t. and the recovery of his recoveries. and his tricks? why does he suffer this rude knave now to knock him about the sconce with a dirty shovel. HAMLET: Or of a courtier. a spade. might it not? HAMLET: There’s another: why may not that be the skull of a lawyer? Where be his quiddities now. with his statutes. and will not tell him of his action of battery? Hum! This fellow might be in’s time a great buyer of land. when he meant to beg it. And hath shipped me intil the land. which this ass now o’er-reaches.] But age. chapless. scene i HORATIO: Ay. an we had the trick to see’t. HAMLET: ’Tis e’en so: the hand of little employment hath the daintier sense. his tenures. Act V. good lord?’ This might be my lord such-a-one.

from me to you. then? HORATIO: Ay. indeed. she’s dead. the age is grown so picked that the toe of the peasant comes so near the heel of the courtier. than the length and breadth of a pair of indentures? The very conveyances of his lands will hardly lie in this box. to be in’t and say it is thine: ’tis for the dead. but. and of calf-skins too.] HAMLET: How absolute the knave is! we must speak by the card. rest her soul. Horatio. First Clown: For none. ‘twill away gain. First Clown: For no man. HAMLET: Is not parchment made of sheepskins? HAMLET: What woman. and yet it is mine. How long hast thou been a grave-maker? O. HAMLET: How long is that since? 94 . HAMLET: ‘Thou dost lie in’t. First Clown: Mine. these three years I have taken a note of it.Hamlet. HAMLET: I think it be thine. By the Lord. my lord. and therefore it is not yours: for my part. a pit of clay for to be made For such a guest is meet. therefore thou liest. he gaffs his kibe. I do not lie in’t. sir. sir. HAMLET: They are sheep and calves which seek out assurance in that. for thou liest in’t. sirrah? HAMLET: Who is to be buried in’t? First Clown: One that was a woman. my lord. First Clown: You lie out on’t. sir. ones too. sir. I will speak to this fellow. scene i First Clown: ’Tis a quick lie. not for the quick. Act V. ha? HAMLET: What man dost thou dig it for? HORATIO: Not a jot more. and must the inheritor himself have no more. or equivocation will undo us. [Sings. sir. Whose grave’s this. First Clown: Of all the days i’ the year. I came to’t that day that our last king Hamlet overcame Fortinbras. neither.

marry. a not be seen in him there. was Yorick’s skull. he that is mad. First Clown: A pestilence on him for a mad rogue! a’ poured a flagon of Rhenish on my head once. sir. or. because he was mad: he shall recover his wits there. Act V. why was he sent into England? First Clown: Why. that will scarce hold the laying in—he will last you some eight year or nine year: a tanner will last you nine year. the king’s jester. it’s no great matter there. HAMLET: Upon what ground? First Clown: Why. if he be not rotten before he die—as we have many pocky corses now. thirty years. HAMLET: Ay. and sent into England.Hamlet. scene i HAMLET: How long will a man lie i’ the earth ere he rot? First Clown: Cannot you tell that? every fool can tell that: it was the very day that young Hamlet was born. HAMLET: How came he mad? HAMLET: Whose was it? First Clown: Very strangely. they say. First Clown: Why. and your water is a sore decayer of your whoreson dead body. HAMLET: This? 95 . This same skull. e’en with losing his wits. Here’s a skull now. I know not. here in Denmark: I have been sexton here. First Clown: I’ faith. sir. this skull has lain in the earth three and twenty years. First Clown: Faith. First Clown: A whoreson mad fellow’s it was: whose do you think it was? HAMLET: Why? HAMLET: How strangely? HAMLET: Nay. man and boy. HAMLET: Why he more than another? First Clown: ‘Twill.a-days. that he will keep out water a great while. if he do not. there the men are as mad as he. his hide is so tanned with his trade.

and tell her. which kept the world in awe. HAMLET: No. how abhorred in my imagination it is! my gorge rims at it. Horatio! Why may not imagination trace the noble dust of Alexander.] HAMLET: To what base uses we may return.] HAMLET: Let me see. and likelihood to lead it: as thus: Alexander died.] HORATIO: E’en so. my lord. my lord? HAMLET: Dost thou think Alexander looked o’ this fashion i’ the earth? But soft! but soft! aside: here comes the king. &c. scene i First Clown: E’en that. [Puts down the skull. Might stop a hole to keep the wind away: O. KING CLAUDIUS. Alexander returneth into dust. Alexander was buried. the Corpse of OPHELIA. make her laugh at that. not a jot. dead and turn’d to clay. tell me one thing. faith. Horatio: a fellow of infinite jest. that were wont to set the table on a roar? Not one now. might they not stop a beer-barrel? Imperious Caesar. of most excellent fancy: he hath borne me on his back a thousand times. of earth we make loam. Horatio. let her paint an inch thick. [Enter Priest. to consider so. but to follow him thither with modesty enough. whereto he was converted. Here hung those lips that I have kissed I know not how oft. LAERTES and Mourners following. HAMLET: And smelt so? pah! 96 . till he find it stopping a bung-hole? Alas. in procession. HORATIO: E’en so.Hamlet. HORATIO: ‘Twere to consider too curiously. [Takes the skull. to this favor she must come. and why of that loam. Prithee. Act V. their trains. poor Yorick! I knew him. Should patch a wall to expel the winter flaw! HORATIO: What’s that. Where be your gibes now? Your gambols? your songs? your flashes of merriment. &c. to mock your own grinning? quite chap-fallen? Now get you to my lady’s chamber. QUEEN GERTRUDE. and now. the dust is earth. that that earth.

Couch we awhile. the fair Ophelia! I hoped thou shouldst have been my Hamlet’s wife. The queen. Her maiden strewments and the bringing home Of bell and burial. LAERTES: Lay her i’ the earth: And from her fair and unpolluted flesh May violets spring! I tell thee.] LAERTES: What ceremony else? HAMLET: That is Laertes. scene i First Priest: No more be done: We should profane the service of the dead To sing a requiem and such rest to her As to peace-parted souls. [Retiring with HORATIO. LAERTES: O. And. and mark. When thou liest howling. Till I have caught her once more in mine arms: LAERTES: Must there no more be done? 97 .Hamlet. Yet here she is allow’d her virgin crants. treble woe Fall ten times treble on that cursed head. She should in ground unsanctified have lodged Till the last trumpet: for charitable prayers. A ministering angel shall my sister be. the courtiers: who is this they follow? And with such maimed rites? This doth betoken The corse they follow did with desperate hand Fordo its own life: ’twas of some estate. sweet maid. I thought thy bride-bed to have deck’d. flints and pebbles should be thrown on her. churlish priest. HAMLET: LAERTES: What ceremony else? QUEEN GERTRUDE: Sweets to the sweet: farewell! First Priest: Her obsequies have been as far enlarged As we have warrantise: her death was doubtful. And not have strew’d thy grave.] What. A very noble youth: mark. Shards. but that great command o’ersways the order. Act V. [Scattering flowers. Whose wicked deed thy most ingenious sense Deprived thee of! Hold off the earth awhile.

] LAERTES: The devil take thy soul! [Grappling with him. he is mad.] HAMLET: [Advancing] What is he whose grief Bears such an emphasis? whose phrase of sorrow Conjures the wandering stars. Yet have I something in me dangerous. Dost thou come here to whine? To outface me with leaping in her grave? Be buried quick with her. be quiet.— HORATIO: Hamlet. and so will I: KING CLAUDIUS: Pluck them asunder. HAMLET: Why I will fight with him upon this theme Until my eyelids will no longer wag. [The Attendants part them. HAMLET: Thou pray’st not well. Till of this flat a mountain you have made.Hamlet. Make up my sum. I prithee. Hamlet! Good my lord. take thy fingers from my throat. HAMLET: ‘Swounds.] QUEEN GERTRUDE: Now pile your dust upon the quick and dead. show me what thou’lt do: Woo’t weep? woo’t fight? woo’t fast? woo’t tear thyself? Woo’t drink up eisel? eat a crocodile? I’ll do’t. All: Gentlemen. Hamlet the Dane. though I am not splenitive and rash. Which let thy wiseness fear: hold off thy hand. what theme? HAMLET: I loved Ophelia: forty thousand brothers Could not. and they come out of the grave. or the skyish head Of blue Olympus. with all their quantity of love. To o’ertop old Pelion. 98 . QUEEN GERTRUDE: For love of God. forbear him. QUEEN GERTRUDE: O my son. and makes them stand Like wonder-wounded hearers? This is I. What wilt thou do for her? [Leaps into the grave. For. scene i [Leaps into the grave. Act V.] KING CLAUDIUS: O. Laertes.

wait upon him. in my heart there was a kind of fighting. [Enter HAMLET and HORATIO. When our deep plots do pall: and that should teach us There’s a divinity that shapes our ends.] HAMLET: Sir. That would not let me sleep: methought I lay Worse than the mutines in the bilboes. Act V. The cat will mew and dog will have his day.] 99 .] [To LAERTES. if thou prate of mountains. When that her golden couplets are disclosed. till our ground. Rashly. let us know. sir: now shall you see the other. And praised be rashness for it. This grave shall have a living monument: An hour of quiet shortly shall we see. in patience our proceeding be. [Exit HORATIO. as patient as the female dove. good Horatio. Let Hercules himself do what he may. QUEEN GERTRUDE: This is mere madness: And thus awhile the fit will work on him.] HAMLET: Hear you. Make Ossa like a wart! Nay. We’ll put the matter to the present push.] SCENE II: A hall in the castle. my lord? [Exit. And.Hamlet. Our indiscretion sometimes serves us well. Anon. scene ii Strengthen your patience in our last night’s speech. sir. What is the reason that you use me thus? I loved you ever: but it is no matter. HAMLET: So much for this. Good Gertrude. Rough-hew them how we will. I’ll rant as well as thou. Till then. You do remember all the circumstance? HORATIO: Remember it. an thou’lt mouth. Singeing his pate against the burning zone. set some watch over your son. [Exeunt. His silence will sit drooping.— KING CLAUDIUS: I pray you. let them throw Millions of acres on us.

— O royal knavery!—an exact command. My fears forgetting manners. now It did me yeoman’s service: wilt thou know The effect of what I wrote? That is most certain. good my lord. As England was his faithful tributary. I had my father’s signet in my purse. but. Without debatement further. HORATIO: I beseech you. As peace should stiff her wheaten garland wear And stand a comma ‘tween their amities.— Ere I could make a prologue to my brains. scene ii HORATIO: Devised a new commission. not to stay the grinding of the axe. even in that was heaven ordinant. ho! such bugs and goblins in my life. They had begun the play—I sat me down. Folded the writ up in form of the other. That. had my desire. sir. No. where I found. Subscribed it. and in fine withdrew To mine own room again. And many such-like ‘As’es of great charge. more or less. Horatio. My head should be struck off. Finger’d their packet. A baseness to write fair and labor’d much How to forget that learning. as our statists do. HAMLET: An earnest conjuration from the king. Is’t possible? HAMLET: Here’s the commission: read it at more leisure. gave’t the impression. As love between them like the palm might flourish. in the dark Groped I to find out them. wrote it fair: I once did hold it. Larded with many several sorts of reasons Importing Denmark’s health and England’s too. to unseal Their grand commission. But wilt thou hear me how I did proceed? HORATIO: How was this seal’d? HAMLET: Why. on the supervise. He should the bearers put to sudden death.Hamlet. on the view and knowing of these contents. HAMLET: Up from my cabin. My sea-gown scarf ’d about me. making so bold. That. Act V. Not shriving-time allow’d. 100 . no leisure bated. Which was the model of that Danish seal. HORATIO: HORATIO: Ay. placed it safely. HAMLET: Being thus be-netted round with villanies. With.

’ But I am very sorry. For. sir. what a king is this! HAMLET: I humbly thank you. if your lordship were at leisure. their defeat Does by their own insinuation grow: ’Tis dangerous when the baser nature comes Between the pass and fell incensed points Of mighty opposites. the next day Was our sea-fight. Thrown out his angle for my proper life. HAMLET: Thy state is the more gracious. good Horatio. HAMLET: Why. Act V. HORATIO: It must be shortly known to him from England What is the issue of the business there. by the image of my cause. for ’tis a vice to know him. as I say. But. To let this canker of our nature come In further evil? HORATIO: No. And a man’s life’s no more than to say ‘One. To quit him with this arm? and is’t not to be damn’d. Now.] OSRIC: Your lordship is right welcome back to Denmark. and fertile: let a beast be lord of beasts. but. my good lord.Hamlet. they did make love to this employment. HORATIO: HORATIO: Peace! who comes here? [Enter OSRIC. Dost know this water-fly? HAMLET: Does it not. stand me now upon— He that hath kill’d my king and whored my mother. The changeling never known. and what to this was sequent Thou know’st already. Popp’d in between the election and my hopes. think’st thee. Why. the bravery of his grief did put me Into a towering passion. 101 . man. sure. And with such cozenage—is’t not perfect conscience. I see The portraiture of his: I’ll court his favors. They are not near my conscience. He hath much land. scene ii HAMLET: It will be short: the interim is mine. I should impart a thing to you from his majesty. That to Laertes I forgot myself. and his crib shall stand at the king’s mess: ’tis a chough. spacious in the possession of dirt. HORATIO: So Guildenstern and Rosencrantz go to’t. OSRIC: Sweet lord.

and his infusion of such dearth and rareness.Hamlet. OSRIC: I thank your lordship. sir. HAMLET: I beseech you. all’s golden words are spent. here is newly come to court Laertes. scene ii HAMLET: I will receive it. 102 OSRIC: Of Laertes? HORATIO: His purse is empty already. his umbrage. it is very hot. ’tis for the head. this is the matter. really. and yet but yaw neither.—as ‘twere. his majesty bade me signify to you that he has laid a great wager on your head: sir. my lord. Put your bonnet to his right use. to divide him inventorially would dizzy the arithmetic of memory. in respect of his quick sail. with all diligence of spirit. indeed. full of most excellent differences.] HAMLET: What imports the nomination of this gentleman? OSRIC: Nay. his semblable is his mirror. I take him to be a soul of great article. for you shall find in him the continent of what part a gentleman would see. good my lord. sir. as.— HAMLET: Sir. OSRIC: Your lordship speaks most infallibly of him. . nothing more. remember— [HAMLET moves him to put on his hat. the wind is northerly. in the verity of extolment. for mine ease. to speak feelingly of him. he is the card or calendar of gentry. his definement suffers no perdition in you. HAMLET: The concernancy. sir? why do we wrap the gentleman in our more rawer breath? OSRIC: Sir? HORATIO: Is’t not possible to understand in another tongue? You will do’t. it is very sultry. to make true diction of him. believe me. Act V.— I cannot tell how. in good faith. But. HAMLET: No. an absolute gentleman. OSRIC: Exceedingly. HAMLET: But yet methinks it is very sultry and hot for my complexion. I know. though. But. Sir. my lord. believe me. and who else would trace him. ’tis very cold. my lord. of very soft society and great showing: indeed. OSRIC: It is indifferent cold.

sir? HORATIO: I knew you must be edified by the margent ere you had done. HAMLET: Sir. well. were to know himself. sir. Well. as I take it. I will walk here in the hall: if it please his majesty. the opposition of your person in trial. most delicate carriages. OSRIC: You are not ignorant of what excellence Laertes is— OSRIC: The carriages. HAMLET: I dare not confess that. and of very liberal conceit. in his meed he’s unfellowed. But. HAMLET: What’s his weapon? OSRIC: Rapier and dagger. ’tis the breathing time of day with me. that in a dozen passes between yourself and him. scene ii HAMLET: Of him. Act V. OSRIC: I mean. Why is this ‘imponed.’ as you call it? OSRIC: The king. sir. and it would come to immediate trial. sir. hath laid. HAMLET: That’s two of his weapons: but. yet. with their assigns. he shall not exceed you three hits: he hath laid on twelve for nine. OSRIC: The king. in faith. sir. if we could carry cannon by our sides: I would it might be hangers till then. but. are very dear to fancy. on: six Barbary horses against six French swords. to know a man well. six French rapiers and poniards. very responsive to the hilts.Hamlet. for his weapon. hangers. their assigns. OSRIC: I know you are not ignorant— HAMLET: What call you the carriages? HAMLET: I would you did. it would not much approve me. and so: three of the carriages. if your lordship would vouchsafe the answer. in faith. but in the imputation laid on him by them. that’s the French bet against the Danish. and three liberal-conceited carriages. if you did. my lord. sir. are the hangers. sir. lest I should compare with him in excellence. HAMLET: The phrase would be more german to the matter. 103 HAMLET: How if I answer ‘no’? OSRIC: I mean. hath wagered with him six Barbary horses: against the which he has imponed. let the foils . as girdle.

OSRIC: Shall I re-deliver you e’en so? Lord: My lord. HAMLET: He did comply with his dug.] HORATIO: You will lose this wager. [Enter a Lord. after what flourish your nature will. HORATIO: This lapwing runs away with the shell on his head. they follow the king’s pleasure: if his fitness speaks. yours. HAMLET: She well instructs me. and do but blow them to their trial. HAMLET: I am constant to my purpose. OSRIC: I commend my duty to your lordship. if not. or that you will take longer time. who brings back to him that you attend him in the hall: he sends to know if your pleasure hold to play with Laertes. I will win for him an I can. scene ii be brought. the bubbles are out. provided I be so able as now.] Lord: The king and queen and all are coming down. HAMLET: To this effect. I . his majesty commended him to you by young Osric. now or whensoever. the gentleman willing. HAMLET: I do not think so: since he went into France. sir. which carries them through and through the most fond and winnowed opinions. [Exit OSRIC.] HAMLET: Yours. I will gain nothing but my shame and the odd hits. Act V. and the king hold his purpose. there are no tongues else for’s turn. mine is ready. Lord: The queen desires you to use some gentle entertainment to Laertes before you fall to play.Hamlet. Thus has he—and many more of the same bevy that I know the dressy age dotes on—only got the tune of the time and outward habit of encounter. before he sucked it. 104 [Exit Lord. my lord. HAMLET: In happy time. He does well to commend it himself. a kind of yesty collection.

But till that time. Till by some elder masters. Was’t Hamlet wrong’d Laertes? Never Hamlet: If Hamlet from himself be ta’en away. as you are a gentleman. we defy augury: there’s a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. Let my disclaiming from a purposed evil Free me so far in your most generous thoughts. scene ii have been in continual practice: I shall win at the odds. of known honor. Lords. should stir me most To my revenge: but in my terms of honor I stand aloof. Hamlet is of the faction that is wrong’d. . in this audience. come. &c. And you must needs have heard. His madness is poor Hamlet’s enemy. it will be now. Who does it. LAERTES: I am satisfied in nature. sir: I’ve done you wrong. To keep my name ungored. And when he’s not himself does wrong Laertes. good my lord. OSRIC. HORATIO: If your mind dislike any thing. Hamlet denies it. HORATIO: Nay. [KING CLAUDIUS puts LAERTES’ hand into HAMLET’s. What I have done. Then Hamlet does it not. And hurt my brother. I have a voice and precedent of peace. how I am punish’d With sore distraction. Sir. yet it will come: the readiness is all: since no man has aught of what he leaves. Act V. That might your nature. If it be now. in this case. QUEEN GERTRUDE.] 105 HAMLET: Give me your pardon. and say you are not fit. and take this hand from me. LAERTES.Hamlet. obey it: I will forestall their repair hither. Whose motive. what is’t to leave betimes? [Enter KING CLAUDIUS. and Attendants with foils. ’tis not to come. Hamlet. if it be not to come. then? His madness: if’t be so. but it is such a kind of gaingiving. as would perhaps trouble a woman.— HAMLET: It is but foolery. That I have shot mine arrow o’er the house. and will no reconcilement. I here proclaim was madness. if it be not now. But pardon’t. But thou wouldst not think how ill all’s here about my heart: but it is no matter. This presence knows.] KING CLAUDIUS: Come. honor and exception Roughly awake. HAMLET: Not a whit.

HAMLET: This likes me well. And let the kettle to the trumpet speak. young Osric. LAERTES: You mock me. my good lord. by this hand. sir. I do receive your offer’d love like love. [They prepare to play. we have therefore odds. Laertes: in mine ignorance Your skill shall. And will this brother’s wager frankly play. And in the cup an union shall he throw. LAERTES: 106 Come. one for me. Give me the cups. bear a wary eye. You know the wager? HAMLET: Very well. sir. ‘Now the king dunks to Hamlet. KING CLAUDIUS: Give them the foils.Hamlet. my lord Your grace hath laid the odds o’ the weaker side. begin: And you. HAMLET: I’ll be your foil. the heavens to earth. scene ii LAERTES: This is too heavy. Let all the battlements their ordnance fire: The king shall drink to Hamlet’s better breath. . I have seen you both: But since he is better’d. Cousin Hamlet. HAMLET: Come on. And will not wrong it. These foils have all a length? HAMLET: I embrace it freely. LAERTES: Come. my lord. let me see another. Act V.] OSRIC: Ay. Give us the foils.’ Come. Stick fiery off indeed. like a star i’ the darkest night. KING CLAUDIUS: I do not fear it. The trumpet to the cannoneer without. KING CLAUDIUS: Set me the stoops of wine upon that table. HAMLET: No. Richer than that which four successive kings In Denmark’s crown have worn. Or quit in answer of the third exchange. Come on. the judges. The cannons to the heavens. If Hamlet give the first or second hit.

take my napkin. HAMLET: KING CLAUDIUS: Our son shall win. Act V. Judgment. Hamlet. let me wipe thy face. and scant of breath. QUEEN GERTRUDE: I will. a touch. give me drink. my lord. Hamlet. LAERTES: My lord. a very palpable hit. and cannon shot off within. Here. again. QUEEN GERTRUDE: Come. Hamlet. OSRIC: A hit. scene ii LAERTES: A touch. The queen carouses to thy fortune. KING CLAUDIUS: Stay. [They play. Gertrude. I pray you. Another hit. set it by awhile.] HAMLET: One. what say you? 107 . I’ll hit him now. do not drink. this pearl is thine. pardon me. Give him the cup. [They play. QUEEN GERTRUDE: He’s fat. rub thy brows. LAERTES: [Aside] And yet ’tis almost ‘gainst my conscience.] KING CLAUDIUS: I do not think’t.Hamlet. HAMLET: I’ll play this bout first. Here’s to thy health. [Trumpets sound. HAMLET: Good madam! LAERTES: KING CLAUDIUS: Well. KING CLAUDIUS: [Aside] It is the poison’d cup: it is too late. LAERTES: No.] HAMLET: I dare not drink yet. I do confess. by and by. Come. madam.

scene ii HAMLET: Come. I pray you. come. thou art slain.— The drink. then in scuffling. as a woodcock to mine own springe.] [LAERTES wounds HAMLET. and HAMLET wounds LAERTES. pass with your best violence. Never to rise again: thy mother’s poison’d: I can no more: the king. Laertes? LAERTES: Why. Unbated and envenom’d: the foul practice Hath turn’d itself on me lo.] OSRIC: Look to the queen there. the king’s to blame. venom. ho! HORATIO: They bleed on both sides. How is it. the drink! I am poison’d. the drink. neither way. my lord? She swounds to see them bleed. I am afeard you make a wanton of me. HAMLET: How does the queen? HAMLET: Nay. LAERTES: It is here. Osric. KING CLAUDIUS: [They play. again. Hamlet: Hamlet. for the third. The treacherous instrument is in thy hand. Act V. the drink. I am justly kill’d with mine own treachery. to thy work. Laertes: you but dally.Hamlet. LAERTES: Have at you now! [Dies. LAERTES: Say you so? come on. here I lie. no.] OSRIC: Nothing. No medicine in the world can do thee good.— O my dear Hamlet. OSRIC: How is’t. 108 . they change rapiers. QUEEN GERTRUDE: No. [QUEEN GERTRUDE falls.] HAMLET: O villany! Ho! let the door be lock’d: Treachery! Seek it out. In thee there is not half an hour of life. HAMLET: The point!—envenom’d too! Then. they are incensed. KING CLAUDIUS: Part them.

To tell my story. HORATIO: Never believe it: I am more an antique Roman than a Dane: Here’s yet some liquor left. Horatio. Is thy union here? Follow my mother. Exchange forgiveness with me. noble Hamlet: Mine and my father’s death come not upon thee.] LAERTES: He is justly served. I am but hurt. report me and my cause aright To the unsatisfied. adieu! You that look pale and tremble at this chance. what a wounded name. Thou livest. That are but mutes or audience to this act. And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain. friends. I could tell you— But let it be.] OSRIC: Young Fortinbras. Nor thine on me. [Stabs KING CLAUDIUS. thou incestuous. by heaven.] What warlike noise is this? [Dies. damned Dane. murderous. . It is a poison temper’d by himself. Give me the cup: let go. HAMLET: Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee. scene ii Is strict in his arrest—O. HAMLET: As thou’rt a man. Act V. death. To the ambassadors of England gives This warlike volley. I am dead. I’ll have’t. and shot within.Hamlet. Had I but time—as this fell sergeant. [KING CLAUDIUS dies. with conquest come from Poland. HAMLET: Here. Things standing thus unknown. yet defend me.] All: Treason! treason! KING CLAUDIUS: O. I am dead. [March afar off. I die. shall live behind me! If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart Absent thee from felicity awhile. Drink off this potion. HAMLET: 109 O. Horatio. Horatio. O good Horatio. Wretched queen.

To tell him his commandment is fulfill’d. And let me speak to the yet unknowing world How these things came about: so shall you hear Of carnal. Which have solicited. 110 . So tell him. with the occurrents. Of deaths put on by cunning and forced cause. That thou so many princes at a shot PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Let us haste to hear it.] [Enter FORTINBRAS. Act V.] HORATIO: Not from his mouth. so jump upon this bloody question.Hamlet. That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead: Where should we have our thanks? [Dies.] PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Where is this sight? HORATIO: What is it ye would see? If aught of woe or wonder. What feast is toward in thine eternal cell. You from the Polack wars. and unnatural acts. Good night sweet prince: And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! Why does the drum come hither? [March within. First Ambassador: The sight is dismal. Of accidental judgments. Had it the ability of life to thank you: He never gave commandment for their death. And our affairs from England come too late: The ears are senseless that should give us hearing. And. O proud death. The rest is silence. purposes mistook Fall’n on the inventors’ reads: all this can I Truly deliver. the English Ambassadors. HORATIO: Now cracks a noble heart. cease your search. But I do prophesy the election lights On Fortinbras: he has my dying voice. in this upshot. PRINCE FORTINBRAS: This quarry cries on havoc. more and less. scene ii So bloodily hast struck? The potent poison quite o’er-crows my spirit: I cannot live to hear the news from England. And call the noblest to the audience. casual slaughters. and others. But since. bloody. and you from England. Are here arrived give order that these bodies High on a stage be placed to the view.

Take up the bodies: such a sight as this Becomes the field. Go. happen. for his passage. Act V. had he been put on. Which now to claim my vantage doth invite me. For he was likely.] 111 . And from his mouth whose voice will draw on more. with sorrow I embrace my fortune: I have some rights of memory in this kingdom. lest more mischance On plots and errors. scene ii For me. to the stage. but here shows much amiss. To have proved most royally: and. after which a peal of ordnance is shot off. like a soldier. Even while men’s minds are wild. [A dead march. PRINCE FORTINBRAS: Let four captains Bear Hamlet. The soldiers’ music and the rites of war Speak loudly for him. But let this same be presently perform’d. bid the soldiers shoot.Hamlet. bearing off the dead bodies. HORATIO: Of that I shall have also cause to speak. Exeunt.