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You are on page 1of 7

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**Name : …………………………………………….………………
**

Roll No. : …………………………………………...……………..

Invigilator’s Signature : ………………………………………..

CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013

2013

TRANSPORT PHENOMENA

Time Allotted : 3 Hours

Full Marks : 70

The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

pap

**Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words
**

as far as practicable.

GROUP – A

**( Multiple Choice Type Questions )
**

Choose the correct alternatives for any ten of the following :

i)

8013

10 × 1 = 10

**The non-dimensional group that appears in viscous
**

heating problem is

a)

Brinkman Number

b)

Nusselt Number

c)

Biot Number

d)

None of these.

**Dimensional analysis of Equation of Energy (Heat
**

transfer) results in generating

in

a c.

ut .

ii)

wb

er.

1.

a)

Prandtl number and Reynolds number

b)

Prandtl number and Biot number

c)

Biot number and Courant number

d)

Reynolds number and Biot number.

[ Turn over

**CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013
**

In Hagen Poisieulle flow through a cylindrical tube, the

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iii)

radial profile of shear stress is

iv)

8013

cubic

c)

parallel

d)

linear.

**Apparent viscosity increases with time for the fluid of
**

a)

Thixotropic

b)

Rheopectic

c)

Bingham plastic

d)

Newtonian.

**The continuity equation
**

a)

is independent of the compressibility

b)

is independent of the viscosity of the fluid

c)

represents the conservation of mass

d)

none of these.

Sewage sludge is an example of

in

a c.

ut .

vii)

b)

wb

er.

vi)

constant

pap

v)

a)

a)

Bingham plastic

b)

Dilatant

c)

Pseudo plastic

d)

Newtonian fluid.

Molecular momentum flux tensor is

∧

a)

τ

b)

ρu u

c)

τ + pδ

d)

τ + pδ + ρu u

2

∧

CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013

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**viii) Which of the following fluid forces are not considered in
**

the Navier-Stokes equation ?

ix)

8013

Viscous forces

c)

Pressure forces

d)

Turbulent forces.

Akl

qst

is the component of a mixed tensor of

a)

rank 2

b)

rank 6

c)

rank 5

d)

rank 3.

**Diagonal component of a unit tensor is
**

a)

unity

c)

infinity

b)

0

d)

− 1.

**Stokes law is valid when the particle’s Re No. is
**

a)

greater than 1

b)

less than 1

c)

lies between 1 and 100

d)

greater than 100.

in

a c.

ut .

xii)

b)

wb

er.

xi)

Gravity forces

pap

x)

a)

**Flow behaviour index (n ) of pseudoplastic fluid is
**

a)

0

b)

<1

c)

>1

d)

infinity.

3

[ Turn over

CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013

/q

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htt

GROUP – B

**( Short Answer Type Questions )
**

Answer any three of the following.

2.

3 × 5 = 15

**A horizontal annulus of 8m length has an inner radius of
**

0.0125m and an outer radius of 0.0279m. A 60% aqueous

solution of sucrose is to be pumped through the annulus at

20°C. At this temperature the solution density is 1286 kg/m3

**and viscosity is of 7187.2kg/m-s. Calculate the volumetric
**

flow rate when the pressure difference is 37.162 kPa.

pap

3.

**Parabolic velocity profile for the flow through a vertical
**

circular tube of radius R and length L is given by

vz =

(℘0

⎡

⎛ r ⎞ 2⎤

⎢1 − ⎜ R ⎟ ⎥

⎝ ⎠ ⎦

⎣

wb

er.

− ℘L ) R 2

4μL

**where, ℘ is the combined effect of static pressure and gravity
**

v

force, μ is the viscosity of the fluid then show that v avg = max

2

4.

Define boundary layer thickness.

**Calculate the thickness of the boundary layer at a distance of
**

75mm from the leading edge of a flat surface over which

in

a c.

ut .

**water at 38°C (μ = 1 cp) is flowing at a velocity 10⋅67 m/s.
**

5.

A 10 cm long copper fin of diameter 6 mm is attached to a

**vertical wall at 500 K and projected in the room where air is
**

at 300K. The heat transfer coefficient at the fin surface is

30W/m2K and conductivity of the fin material is 390W/mK.

Calculate heat loss from fin and fin efficiency.

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4

**CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013
**

6.

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**For CO2 adsorption in a packed tower, mass transfer
**

coefficient is measured as k = 3.0 × 10-3 cm/s. If diffusivity of

CO2 in water is 1.85 × 10-5 cm2/s, calculate average contact

time based on penetration theory and surface renewal

theory.

GROUP – C

( Long Answer Type Questions )

3 × 15 = 45

Answer any three of the following.

a)

Define the Kronecker delta symbol. Give the expression

pap

7.

**of a dyadic product of two vectors v and w.
**

b)

4

**If α is symmetrical and β is anti-symmetrical, show that
**

(α : β) = 0

wb

er.

c)

5

**Using the continuity equation show that the flow
**

defined by the velocity field

→

→

→

→

v = (2t + 2x + 2y ) i + (t − y − z ) j + (t + x − z ) k

is possible.

8.

a)

6

Find out the expressions of temperature profile and the

in

a c.

ut .

maximum temperature in a long nuclear fuel element of

**spherical form, consisting of a sphere of a fissionable
**

material with radius R f, surrounded by a spherical shell

of

Aluminium

cladding,

having

outer

radius

RC.

**Temperatures of centre, inside and outside surfaces of
**

the cladding are T f, T c, and T

8013

5

0

respectively.

9

[ Turn over

**CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013
**

An oil is flowing down a vertical wall having density

/q

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htt

b)

**0.78 × 103 kg/m3 and mass flow rate per unit width of
**

the wall is 0.2 kg / (m) (sec). The film thickness is

2.35 mm. Calculate the kinematic viscosity. Also check

the Reynolds number.

9.

6

An incompressible fluid (density 1.13 gm/cm3) is flowing

**upward in steady state in the annular regain between two
**

coaxial circular cylinders of radii 25 mm and

Draw the momentum balance and deduce the equation

pap

i)

60 mm.

**for velocity distribution and calculate the maximum
**

velocity.

ii)

9

Also calculate the distance from the centre of the co-

wb

er.

**axial tube where the maximum velocity occurs.
**

Data : Viscosity of the fluid = 1.30 gm / (cm) (sec),

Pressure drop of fluid per metre

of tube = 7.0 × 105

dynes

cm2

6

10. In a gas absorption experiment a viscous fluid flows upward

in

a c.

ut .

**through a small circular tube and then downward in laminar
**

flow on outside. Derive a relation for flow of a fluid film on

outside of a circular tube.

a)

**Show that the velocity distribution in falling film
**

(neglecting end effects) is

vz =

8013

r

ρgR 2

⎛r ⎞2

[1 − ⎜ ⎟ + 2a 2 ln ]

R

R

4μ

⎝ ⎠

6

8

**CS/B.TECH(CHE)/SEM-8/CHE-801/2013
**

Obtain an expression for mass rate of flow in the film.

/q

p:/

htt

b)

c)

11. a)

4

**Obtain mass flow rate when film thickness is very small.
**

3

**A fluid with density ρ and viscosity μ is placed between
**

two vertical walls a distance 2b apart. The heated wall

at y = − b is maintained at a temperature T2 and cooled

pap

**wall at y = +b is maintained at a temperature T1. If β is
**

volume expansion coefficient and η = y/b then prove

that final expression of the velocity distribution is given

by :

Vz = ρ.β.g.b 2. ΔT. (η3 – η) / (12.μ)

wb

er.

b)

10

**Calculate the radius of a capillary tube using the
**

following data when a viscous fluid is flowing through

the tube. Given data :

**Length of capillary = 50.02 cm, Kinematic viscosity of
**

fluid = 4.03 × 10-5 m2 / sec.

in

a c.

ut .

Density of fluid = 0.9552 × 103 kg/m3

**Pressure drop across (horizontal) capillary tube
**

= 4.829 × 105 newton / m2

Mass rate of flow through tube = 2.997 × 10-3 kg/sec. 5

8013

7

[ Turn over

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