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QCS 2010

Section 5

Part 3

Cement

Page 1

3.

CEMENT........................................................................................................ 2

3.1

GENERAL...................................................................................................... 2

3.1.1
3.1.2

Scope
References

3.2

SOURCE APPROVAL ................................................................................... 2

3.3

SAMPLING .................................................................................................... 3

3.4

QUALITY AND TESTING............................................................................... 3

3.5

DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING...................................................... 4

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2

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QCS 2010

QCS 2010

Section 5

Part 3

Cement

Page 2

3.

CEMENT

3.1

GENERAL

3.1.1

Scope

This Part covers the requirements for the testing and use of cement in structural concrete.

Related Sections and Parts are as follows:


Part 6, Property Requirements
References

The following standards are referred to in this Part:


ASTM C10..........Standard specification for natural cement
ASTM C91..........Specification for Masonry cement
ASTM C114........test methods for chemical analysis of Hydraulic Cement
ASTM C115,.......test method for fineness of Portland cement by the Turbidimeter
ASTM C150........Standard specification for Portland cement
ASTM C183........Standard Practice for sampling and the amount of testing of Hydraulic
cement
ASTM C188........test method for density of Hydraulic cement
ASTM C186........test method for heat of hydration of Hydraulic cement
ASTM C204........test method for fineness of Hydraulic cement by air permeability
ASTM C348........test method for flexural strength of Hydraulic cement mortar
ASTM C349........test method for compressive strength of Hydraulic cement mortar using
portion of prism broken in flexural
ASTM C430........test method for fineness of Hydraulic cement by the 45mm (No.325)
ASTM C595........Standard specification for blended Hydraulic cement
ASTM C845........Specification for Expansive Hydraulic cement
ASTM C1157......Standard performance specification for Hydraulic cement
ASTM C1328......Specification for plastic cement (Stucco)
ASTM C1329......Specification for Mortar cement
BS 146................Portland-blast furnace cement
BS 1370..............Low heat Portland cement
BS 4027..............Sulphate-resisting Portland cement
EN 196, ..............Methods for testing cement
EN 197-1, ...........Cement, Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common
cements.
EN 197-4 ...........Cement. Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for low early
strength blastfurnace cements

3.2

SOURCE APPROVAL

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for approval full details of the proposed source
of cement. These sources of cement supply shall be regularly and thoroughly investigated to
ensure that the quality of the material supply is satisfactory and that it does not deteriorate
during the performance of the project.

The cement source shall not be changed without the Engineer's acceptance.

The Contractor shall supply the Engineer with the manufacturers test sheets for each supply
of production of cement or on weekly basis, whichever is more frequent, certifying that the
cement is in compliance with the relevant standards.

The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer the date of manufacture and proof that the
specifications have been complied with, certified by an independent agency in the country of
origin.

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3.1.2

QCS 2010

Section 5

Part 3

Cement

Page 3

Cement manufacture shall label their packaging and delivery documents shall provide,
where applicable, with information on the packing/dispatch date, storage conditions and the
storage period appropriate to maintaining the activity of any reducing agent and to keeping
the content of soluble chromium (VI) below the 2 ppm limit. The Engineer shall has the right
to test the cement for presence of chromium at the contractor charge.

3.3

SAMPLING

The methods of obtaining samples of cement for testing shall be carried out as described in
EN 196 or ASTM C183

Each delivery of cement to the Site shall be accompanied by the manufacturer's test
certificates. If such certificates are not available, the Contractor shall take representative
samples from different bags or containers of each consignment, or as required by the
Engineer. The samples shall be packed, labelled and sent for testing to an accepted testing
laboratory. Fourteen days shall be allowed for the Engineers review of these samples.

3.4

QUALITY AND TESTING

The cement shall fully comply with relevant GSO, EN and ASTM specification with the
intended use. with minimum requirement stated in below table Specification Requirements
for the Chemical Composition of Portland Cements Made to GSO, EN and ASTM Standard
Specifications
ASTM C 150
Compound / Property

II

EN 197-1

III

IV

5.0

6.5
5.0

5.0

BS 4027

BS 1370

OPC

RHPC

SRPC

low heat

4.0

5.0

4.0

Silica, (SiO2), %
Alumina, (Al2O3), %
Ferric Oxide, (Fe2O3), %
Magnesia (MgO), %
Sulphur trioxide (SO3), % :
when tricalcium
aluminate 8.0%
when tricalcium
aluminate >8.0%
when tricalcium
aluminate 5.0%
when tricalcium
aluminate >5.0%
when tricalcium
aluminate <3.5%
when tricalcium
aluminate 3.5%
when tricalcium
aluminate 3.5%
Loss on ignition, %
Insoluble residue, %
Tricalcium silicate (C3S), %

5.0

20.0
6.0
6.0
5.0

3.0

3.0

3.5

2.3

2.3

3.5

4.5

4.0

2.5

4.0

3.0

3.5

3.5

3.0
1.5
-

3.0
1.5
-

3.0
1.5
-

2.3
1.5

3.0
1.5
-

3.0
1.5
-

3.0
1.5
-

2.5
3.0
1.5
-

4.0
1.5
-

Dicalcium silicate (C2S), %

40.0
-

C3S + C2S , %
CaO/SiO2 .

Tricalcium aluminate (C3A), %


Tetracalcium aluminoferrite plus
twice the tricalcium aluminate

(C4AF+2(C3A)), %
C3A for moderate sulphate
resistance, %

C3A for high sulphate


resistance, %

C3S+C3A for moderate heat of


hydration, %

Equivalent alkalis
(Na2O+0.658K2O) for low-alkali
cement, %

Chloride, %

Chromium VI
(max)

35.0

1
1

5.0

66.7

2.0
-

66.7

2.0
3.5

8.0

15.0

7.0

8.0

5.0

58.0

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.6

0.60

0.10

0.10

5.0

25.0

0.10
0.0002%

QCS 2010

BURHAN INTERNATIONAL

QCS 2010

Section 5

Radiations levels

1
2
3
4

Part 3

Cement

(max)

Page 4

According to Ministry of Environment regulations

Does not apply when the heat of hydration option is specified.


Does not apply when the sulphate resistance limit is specified.
Applies to the klinker rather than to the cement it self.
Low-alkali cement may be produced.

Property

ASTM C 150
III
IV

BS EN 197-1
OPC
RHPC

BS 4027
SRPC

BS 1370
low heat

60
-

60
10

350
-

275
-

10

10

10

10

10

10

8.0
15.0

10
-

20
-

20

30

20
-

10
-

17.0

21.0

42.5

52.5

42.5

15
-

38

250
6
290

II

12

12

12

12

12

42.5N

52.5

42.5R

52.5R

45
6.25

45
6.25

45
6.25

45
6.25

45
6.25

60
-

45
-

60

45

60
10

60
10

60
10

60
10

60
10

280
160

280
160

280
160

280
160

0.80
-

0.80
-

0.80
-

0.80
-

0.80
-

12.0
19.0

2
10.0
3
17.0

12.0
24.0
-

7.0

28

28

290
-

Upon the Engineer request


5
28 d

Concrete cubes
2d
3d
Upon the Engineer request
28 d
Heat of Hydration (kJ/kg)
7d
28 d
1
2
3
4
5
6

52.5

42.5

28*

19**

250
290

shall not be the same percent in concrete mix


Becomes 7.0 if the heat of hydration option or C3S+C3A chemical limit is specified.
Becomes 12.0 if the heat of hydration option or C3S+C3A chemical limit is specified.
And not exceeding 62.5.
And higher than any previous value of compressive strength at any previous time mentioned above.
Optional

3.5

DELIVERY, STORAGE AND HANDLING

Cement shall be delivered to the Site in sealed and branded bags, or in the manufacturers
containers, bearing the manufacturers name, cement type and date of manufacture, in
batches not exceeding 100 tons.

Cement shall be stored at the site in such a manner, as to prevent its deterioration, intrusion
of moisture and foreign matter. It must be kept dry at all times. Immediately upon arrival at
the Site the Contractor shall store the cement in
(a) bins or silos designed for the purpose. It shall be tight and provide for free movement to
discharge opening, or
(b)
dry, weather tight and properly ventilated structures with floors raised a minimum of
450 mm above the ground with adequate provision to prevent absorption of moisture.

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BURHAN INTERNATIONAL

Air entrained in mortar ,


% of volume

Setting Time :

Vicat test
Initial (min)

Final (h)

Gillmore test
Initial (min)

Final (h)

Fineness :
2

Air Permeability (m /kg)


2

Turbidimeter (m /kg)

Soundness :

Autoclave expansion (%)

Le Chatelier (mm)

Compressive strength (MPa)

Mortar cubes
1d
2d
3d
7d

QCS 2010

Section 5

Part 3

Cement

Page 5

All storage facilities shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer, and shall be such as to
permit easy access for inspection and identification. Prolonged storage of cement at site is to
be avoided.

Each consignment of cement shall be kept separately, and the Contractor shall use the
consignments in the order in which they are received.

The Contractor shall keep records of the various consignments of cement in store, giving
quantities received and used, and the sections of the work in which the cement has been
used, on a daily basis and make a weekly return to the Engineer accordingly. Cement used
in the Works shall be free flowing and free from lumps.

In no case shall bagged cement be stored in stacks more than eight bags high.

A free passage of at least 1 m shall be left between the cement and the side walls of the
structure.

Different types of cement shall be kept in clearly marked separate storage facilities.

Cement delivered to Site in drums or bags by the supplier or manufacturer shall be stored in
the drums or bags until used in the Works.

10

Any cement in drums or bags which have been opened shall be used immediately.

11

Cement that has partially or fully caked in storage will not be permitted in work and shall be
immediately removed from the storage area. Any bag or package or sample of cement which
has been damaged, or rebagged or in any way has deteriorated shall be rejected either as
an individual bag or package or as the whole consignment in which such bag, package or
sample is contained, as advised by the Engineer.

12

Where Site limitations preclude the storage of cement of Site, cement shall be stored at a
central location and shall be delivered daily as required to specific job sites.

13

The Contractor shall provide weighing machines which shall be kept permanently in each
shed for checking the weight of the bags or barrels of cement. The weighing machines shall
be calibrated by an independent agency. The Engineer shall have access at all times to the
cement storage sheds.

14

During transport and storage the cement shall be fully protected from all weather elements.

15

Any consignment of cement not used within two months from the date of manufacture and
cement which in the opinion of the Engineer is of doubtful quality shall not be used in the
Works until it has been retested and test result sheets showing that it complies in all
respects with the specification and relevant standards have been delivered to the Engineer.

16

Cement stored for longer than 28 days shall be tested for loss on ignition" prior to use to
check for deterioration, and any cement which fails the test shall not be used in the works.
END OF PART

QCS 2010

BURHAN INTERNATIONAL