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Technical Specification

SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM
PART 1 – GENERAL
1.1.0 SYSTEM PRODUCT
This section specifies the requirements necessary for the design, manufacture, supply,
installation, testing & commissioning, warranty of Siphonic Roof Drainage System for the
conveyance of rainwater from the roof to ground discharge point via connection to the
drainage system for the whole project.
The Siphonic Specialist Contractor (Specialist Contractor) shall be responsible for the
design, supply and installation of the complete Siphonic Roof Drainage System (Siphonic
System). The Specialist Contractor shall install the complete Siphonic Roof Drainage
System where no sub-letting of installation works is allowed in this system.
Siphonic system outlets and calculation software must have test reports validated by
accredited test laboratories such as SIRIM, TUV SUD PSB.
1.2.0 RELATED WORK
1.2.1

This section shall be used in conjunction with, but not limited to, the other relevant
specifications, the Drawings and Contract Documents to establish the total requirements for
the installation of the Siphonic roof drainage system.

1.2.2

CAUTION: Using this section without including the above mention will result in omission
of the basic requirements.

1.2.3

In the event of conflict regarding the roof drainage system requirements between this section
and any other document, the more stringent requirement shall apply, unless otherwise
specifically instructed by the Architect, Superintending Officer or Employer Representative.

PART 2 – PRODUCTS
2.1.0

STANDARD
The Siphonic system shall generally be designed and installed in accordance with the
requirements of SS525:2006.

2.2.0

PREVAILING CONDITION
The Siphonic system shall be designed and manufactured to meet the specified performances
and requirements on dimension, thickness and visual appearance, and fit for the prevailing
local weather conditions. The roof rainwater shall discharge effectively from the collection
points to the discharge points upon completion. Pipes and fittings must meet the local
manufacturer’s performance specification.
The Siphonic Roof Drainage System proposed by the Specialist Contractor must have a track
record of system design, supply and install in Malaysia for at least 8 years and have a track
record in the world market for more than 10 years.

SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM

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0 DESIGN PARAMETER SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : .2 of 8 .3.Technical Specification 2.

All exposed to weather component of the rain water outlet shall be of full metalic construction able to withstand the industrial seaside condition for good weathering & durability. Water-proofing material shall terminate within the base plate unit of the Siphonic outlet and properly secured by the stainless steel water proofing clamping ring complete with stainless steel bolts and nuts for water-tightness construction. Self-cleansing shall also occur at the rainfalls as low as 50% of the design intensity.2 m/s for vertical pipes. Water proofing membrane shall not rap into the outlet spigot as this will reduce the effective bore of the siphonic outlet.0 DESIGN VELOCITY The minimum flow velocity in the system shall not be less than 0.2 SIPHONIC OUTLET INTERFACING UNIT ON RC ROOF / SCUPPER The Siphonic outlets shall come complete with stainless steel water proofing clamp ring for water-tight interfacing with waterproofing material on RC roof / scupper construction. performance graph.0 OUTLET CONSTRUCTION The Siphonic outlet shall be the proven product evident with design technical data.Technical Specification The Siphonic system shall be designed to a dimensional rainfall intensity of 300mm/hr.3 of 8 .5. the high velocity of the water will ensure the system is performing self-cleansing inside the pipeline. test certificate. This set up full-bore flow and maximizes the capacity of the pipe work. The roof at level 2 over the dining hall shall be designed to rainfall intensity of 350mm/hr.5.4. 2. Silicon joint as primary with tightness barrier for outlet installation on metal gutter is not acceptable.1 SIPHONIC OUTLET BASE UNIT CONSTRUCTION The Siphonic outlet used shall be fully metallic (stainless steel and aluminium alloys).5.5. 2. The system design shall also ensure that the outlets eliminate the intake of air into the system. etc for primary acceptance. All aluminum flanges and EPDM insulation should be properly secured with the base plate SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : . 2.7 m/s for horizontal pipes and 2. When the system is operating at its design intensity.3 SIPHONIC OUTLET INTERFACING UNIT ON METAL ROOF / GUTTER Siphonic outlets shall come complete with aluminum counter flange and EPDM water seal for outlet installation on metal gutter for water-tightness requirement on Metal roof / gutter construction. 2. 2. At rainfalls less than the Siphonic roof drainage system shall operate under vented gravity flow conditions. The siphonic outlet stainless steel base plate shall not have a recess of more than 20mm into the roof slab/metal gutter in order not to interfere with the structure element.

4 The Siphonic Roof Drainage System shall be designed to use pipes & fittings for the whole UPVC “AE” range subject to their ability to withstand both positive and negative pressure required by the system. 2.4 of 8 . 2.8.0 OUTLET SIZING The Siphonic system shall be designed by selecting suitable size and quantity of outlet to accommodate the computed rainfall. PART 3 – EXECUTION SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : . The computed flow from an individual outlet shall not exceed the specified maximum capacity for each outlet type size.9bar. 2.7. Details of in-line components contained within each system shall also be clearly indicated.8. whichever the smaller.5m. In system more than one outlet. TUV SUD PSB.8. 2.8.0 DESIGN CALCULATION The Siphonic system shall be designed by customized Fast-Flow computer program specifically developed for this field or system. The calculation report shall show clearly the following:      Drainage capacity Velocity Upstream pressure Downstream pressure Headloss The calculation report must clearly indicate the system imbalance in separate sections.8.6.0 PIPES & FITTINGS 2. 2.8. 2.1 The pipes material shall be of UPVC "AE" Class VU (PN6) pipes complying to JISK 6741 standard or equivalent complete with matching UPVC fittings in accordance to the Specialist requirement. the imbalance in the system should not exceed 10% of the hydraulic head (m) or 0.8.6 Sharp radius bends in excess of 45 degrees deviation from the direction of flow should not be used. System design shall be supported by calculation report generated for each designed system. 2.Technical Specification unit of the Siphonic outlet complete with stainless steel bolts and nuts for water-tightness construction.2 The selection of pipes & fittings must be able to withstand a working sub-atmospheric pressure of –0. The computer program shall have test report validated by accredited test laboratories such as SIRIM.5 Siphonic System moulded or fabricated pipe fittings must be capable of either resisting longitudinal forces without sliding apart or must be restrained to prevent relative movement to the Siphonic Specialist’s requirement. 2.3 Pipe joints must be capable of either resisting longitudinal forces without sliding apart or must be restrained to prevent relative movement.

1. shall be replaced as soon as possible. technical data as the supporting documents for review & approval.Technical Specification 3. with clear numbering and labeling. the Specialist Contractor may request the S. before commencement of any installation work. (c) Any additional items which may be required by the S. (c) Delivery dates of equipments and materials to the site.1 SAMPLE Within 2 weeks of the acceptance of his tender and prior to the commencement of the installations. The programme shall include: (a) Dates for the placement of orders for equipment and materials. in writing for a longer period for submission if 2 weeks are practically insufficient. Item displayed shall be deemed to be adequate for the installations unless otherwise clearly indicated.2 (a) Siphonic outlets with at least one installation mock-up sample.O. when the work site needs to be ready for the various stages of installation. In the context of this General Specification the term “compact” means any item that will fit into a 300mm cube. Samples rejected by the S. i. such as catalogue.O. Written approval of all samples and technical details shall be obtained from the S.e. The following items shall be included in the sample board as a minimum: 3. the S. country of origin an locations of installation (if not generally used).O. (d) Dates of commencement and completion of every stage of the installation in line with SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : . Sample submitted shall be accompanied with relevant Product data. location and length of each pipe size. Upon approval of all items. including all relevant details of accessories and assemblies for approval before construction.O. (b) Expected completion dates for Building Contractor’s work requirements. fitting and their support complete with fixing accessories. The board shall contain samples of all “compact” sized materials and accessories to be used in the installation. A list shall also be affixed on the sample board to show the item description. (b) Pipework. However.3 WORK PROGRAM The Specialist Contractor shall submit a detail Work Program with referenced to the Master Work Program depicting the interfacing works with the Building Contractor and their scope of works. 3. the Specialist Contractor shall submit to the S.1.1.0 SUBMITTAL 3.1. shall be firmly fixed onto a rigid wooden or metal board. for approval a sample board of essential components proposed to be used in the Contract.O. make and brand.O. Each sample. pipe routes.5 of 8 . SHOP DRAWING The Specialist Contractor shall submit 3 sets of Shop drawings & Typical Installation Details showing outlets position. will endorse the list on the sample board and the Specialist Contractor shall deliver the board to the site office for reference.

1. All expenses properly incurred and losses suffered by the Employer as a result of the Specialist Contractor’s failure to comply with the above requirements are recoverable by the Employer from the Specialist Contractor as a debt under the Contract or via the Building Contractor as if it is a debt liable to the Building Contractor under the Subcontract as appropriate. The formats and information to be included in the schedules shall be as directed by the S. trenches. the Specialist Contractor is required to mark out at the relevant locations of the Site the exact positions and sizes of all such works and to provide detailed information of such works to the Building Contractor to facilitate him to carry out the builder’s works as the works proceed. redhead bolts. supports.0 INSTALLATION 3.2. ducts. After obtaining the said approval of the S. testing and commissioning. (f) Dates of water supply and drainage/sewage pipe connection.O.O. detailed submission schedules for installation drawings.6 of 8 . The Specialist Contractor shall ensure that such works are essential for the execution of the SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : .. equipment and testing and commissioning shall be submitted to the S. 3. concrete bases. (e) Dates of requirement of temporary facilities necessary for testing & commissioning.2. which shall be carried out by the Specialist Contractor. required for the installations will be carried out as part of the building works by the Building Contractor at the expense of the Employer provided that the Specialist Contractor has submitted full details of such requirements within a reasonable time to the S. for approval. so that due consideration may be given before the Building Contractor commences the building works in accordance with the building programme in the areas concerned. etc. (g) Dates of completion. (h) Short term programmes showing the detailed work schedules of coming weeks and months shall also be provided to the S. ducts and cutting.Technical Specification the building construction programme.4 AS BUILT DRAWING The Specialist Contractor shall submit the As-Built Shop drawings upon the completion of installation and handing over of the system for permanent operation. etc. 3. All “cutting-away” and “making-good” as required to facilitate the Specialist Contractor’s works will be carried out by the Building Contractor.e. for approval. Programmes shall be regularly updated to reflect the actual progress and to meet the Specialist Contractor obligations under the Contract In addition. and all plinths. raw plugs.O. i. except for minor provisions required for the fixing of screws. each floor level and/or zone area.O.O.1 BUILDING WORKS All builder’s work including openings or holes thorough building structure or partition walls. The Specialist Contractor shall mark out on Site and/or supply drawings of all ‘cutting-away” to the Building Contractor within a reasonable time.

cross-overs and the like to a minimum.2 COORDINATION OF INSTALLATIONS The Specialist Contractor shall coordinate the installations with those works of the Building Contractor and any other contractors and subcontractors of the Building Contractor. test and control points are readily accessible while keeping the number of loops. If at any time it becomes apparent to the Specialist Contractor that any builder’s works completed by the Building Contractor does not comply with his requirements in any respect whatsoever. 3.O. 3.O. which are beyond the Specialist Contractor’s control. and specify in details the extents and effects of such noncompliance in that notice. within such period. All additional expenditure properly incurred and all loss suffered in this connection by the Employer in having such works red-executed and rectified shall be recoverable by the Employer from the Specialist Contractor as debt under the Contract or via the Building Contractor as if it is a debt liable to the Building Contractor under the Subcontract as appropriate. Upon completion of the builder’s works by the building Contractor.3 COOPERATION WITH OTHER CONTRACORS The Specialist Contractor shall cooperate at all times with the Building Contractor and all other contractor and sub-contractors of the Building Contractor in order to achieve efficient workflow on the Site. shall promptly be reported to the S. jointed and supported as per pipe manufacturer’s recommendation & requirements subject to the material chosen and confirmed by the Architect. Any significant problems encountered during the coordination work. the Specialist Contractor shall bear the full cost of such works including but not limited to any unnecessary or incorrect cutting-away and making-good and shall reimburse the Employer for all cost incurred in this connection are recoverable by the Employer from the Specialist Contractor as a debt under the Contract or via the Building Contractor as if it is a debt liable to the Building Contactor under the Subcontract as appropriate.2.4 PIPE WORK All pipe works shall be fabricated. assembled.7 of 8 . 3. unnecessary and/or abortive. coordinate and programme his works to suit and adhere to the building works in accordance with the building programme. Any significant problem beyond the Specialist Contractor’s control shall promptly be reported to the S. The Specialist Contractor shall note that the drawings supplied to him only indicate the approximate locations of the installations. The Specialist Contractor is deemed to have satisfied with the builder’s works after a period of 14 days from the date of completion of the builder’s works if the above notice is not served to the S.O. the Specialist Contractor shall forthwith give notice in writing to the S.2. 3.5 CHANGED OF DESIGN (DURING SITE INSTALLATION) SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : . He shall make any modification reasonably required of his programme. The Specialist Contractor shall pay particular attention to the building works programme and shall plan. In the event that any of such works is proved to be non-essential. adjustment.O.Technical Specification installations.2. the Specialist Contractor shall forthwith check and examine that all builder’s works so executed have been completed in accordance with his requirements. work sequence and physical deployment of his work to suit the outcome of work coordination or as necessary and ensure that all cleaning.2.

fire. Such materials and equipment shall not be removed from site without the prior approval of the S.0 TESTING & COMMISSIONING SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : . the Specialist Contractor shall comply with the Building Contractor’s arrangements. The temporary usage shall not compromise in any way the long term performance of the Siphonic System. the Building Contractor may also be required to record details of all incoming/outgoing materials. Any changed of piping re-route. if any. The Siphonic Specialist Contractor must have its own in-house Design and Operation Department. 3.O.6 SYSTEM PROTECTION DURING CONSTRUCTION PERIOD The Specialist Contractor shall be responsible for the safe custody of all materials and equipment as stored or installed by him.’s Representatives on site with full details. dimension deviated from the approved shop drawings which might be significantly affected the performance shall be reconfirm by System calculation and gain approval by the System designer and Architect. 3. The specialist must submit its company profile and CV of staffs to facilitate the design and installation of the project.O.2. The Specialist Contractor shall coordinate and arrange with the Building Contractor who shall provide clean. In which case.O.’s Representative on site. Where the Building Contractor is in overall control of the site. damage or inclement weather and carefully store all materials and equipment received on site but not yet installed in a safe and secure place unless otherwise specified.8 of 8 . 3. the Building Contractor.8 TEMPORARY DRAINAGE The Siphonic System shall not be used as temporary roof drainage system during the construction period without specific approval in writing from the Superintending Officer and/or the Specialist Contractor.O.2. The Specialist Contractor shall provide a method statement for the protection of the system during the construction period. the S. In this case. in writing. level. In addition. reasonably finished and lockable secure accommodation for the storage of sensitive and/or expensive items before installation. Where necessary the Specialist Contractor shall provide lockable steel container or other equally secure enclosures placed within a securely fenced-in compound provided by the Building Contractor on site for the storage of materials and equipment. and the S. 3. All cases of theft and fire must immediately be reported to the police. for the system to function fully and properly as intended. the Specialist Contractor shall protect all work against theft.Technical Specification The Specialist Contractor shall maintain all pipes installation is as per system designed.3.7 RECORD OF MATERIALS DELIVERY All materials and equipment delivered to site shall be accurately listed and recorded in the site record books maintained by the S.2. the Specialist Contractor shall provide a corresponding method statement for the said temporary drainage and the subsequent making good of the Siphonic System.

O. 3.1 LEAK CHECK (OUTLET) The Specialist Contractor shall conduct the Leak Check to the outlet during the roof water proofing ‘Ponding Test’ by ensuring proper jointing and water tightness around outlets. to ensure proper discharging from collection points to discharge points.3.Technical Specification The Specialist Contractor shall submit method statements to the S.2 LEAK TEST (PIPE LINE) The Specialist Contractor shall conduct flow test to all pipe works and carry out visual inspection to ensure proper jointing at all joints is maintained. 3.3. for the testing and commissioning of the Siphonic System which shall includes 3.3 FLOW TEST The Specialist Contractor shall conduct dynamic flow tests to the satisfaction of the S.3.O. END OF DOCUMENT SIPHONIC ROOF DRAINAGE SYSTEM Page : .9 of 8 .