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The six peace principles
1.

Genuine desire to make a lasting peace.

2.

Commitment to peace agreements.

3.

Abstaining from taking unfair advantages from the peace
agreement.

4.

Not to put burdens on local people.

5.

Strict adherence to existing laws.

6.

Cooperation in democratic reform processes based on
the 2008 State Constitution, Our Three Main National
Causes, and the essence of democracy.

Academic Weekly Educational Journal

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f wGuf taqmifimS ;&rf;c
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aexdkifolrsm;twGuf tcuftcJrsm;
jzpfay:aeaMumif; od&onf/
jrwfav;iHk

Edk0ifbm

27

tl&D'l;jrefrm qufoG,fa&;ukrÜPDrS
txufjrefrmjynfydkif;ü tl&D'l;zkef;qif;
uwfrsm;toH;k jyK&mwGif ydrk t
kd qifajyap
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kd t
f aumif
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Ü \
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jrefrm qufo,
G af &;ukrP
Ü u
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tqifajyatmifvYkd 0efaqmifraI y;oGm;
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qufo,
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aMumif ; tl & D ' l ; jref r mquf o G , f a &;
ukrÜPDrS od&onf/
rif;aomfwmvGif

jynfwGif;&dS tao;pm;ESifUtvwfpm; pufrIvkyfief;zGHY NzdK;a&;bPfodkh
AD,uferfbPfwpfckrS enf;ynmrsm;axmufyHU&efpDpOf
&efukef

Edk0ifbm

27

jrefrmEkid if rH S tao;pm;ESifh tvwfpm;
pufrIvkyfief;zGHUNzdK;a&;bPf (SMIDB)
ukd AD,uferfEidk if rH S tBu;D pm;bPfwpfck
jzpfaom The Bank for Investment
and Development of Vietnam (BIDV) rS bPfvkyfief;ykdif;qkdif&m enf;

ynmrsm; ulnDaxmufyHh&ef oabmwl
xm;aMumif; SMIDB rS wm0ef&dSol
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
BIDV (,myH)k onf AD,uferfEi
dk if &H Sd
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIyrmPrsm;jym;aom bPf
rsm;xJwGif wpfcktygt0ifjzpfNyD; jrefrm
EkdifiHüvnf; ukd,fpm;vS,f½kH;vma&muf

28-11-2014 AMK P-3.indd 1

zGifhvSpfxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;? BIDV tae
jzifh AD,uferfEidk if üH vnf; tao;pm;ESifh
tvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;ukd
&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIqkdif&m enf;vrf;rsm;ESifh
aiGaMu;taxmuftyhHrsm; tultnD
ay;vsu&f Sd NyD; ¤if;wk&Yd &dx
S m;aom tawGU
tBuKrH sm;ESihf enf;vrf;rsm;jzifh jrefrmEkid if H
ü SMEs vkyfief;rsm; zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufap
&ef wpfzufwpfvrf;rS ulnDaqmif&Guf
vkdonfhtwGuf ,ckuJhokdY SMIDB udk
enf;ynmrsm; taxmuftyHhay;&ef
pDpOf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; BIDV Ouú| Tran
Bac Ha u ajymonf/
xkdokdYulnDaxmufyhH&mwGif 0efxrf;

rsm;tm; tqifhjr§ifhwifay;jcif;? enf;
ynmykid ;f qkid &f m wk;d wufjrifrh m;vmap&ef
aqmif&Gufjcif;? tqifhjrifhvkyfief;okH;
y½k*d &rfrsm; rQa0ay;jcif;ESifh pDru
H ed ;f rsm;
ESihf enf;AsL[mrsm; csrw
S af qmif&u
G w
f wf
ap&ef vrf;ñTeaf y;jcif; ponfwu
Ydk dk vkyf
aqmifoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
SMIDB taejzifh vuf&dSwGif *syef
EkdifiHrS Mizuho bPf? awmifukd&D;,m;
EkdifiHrS IBK wkdYESifh yl;aygif;NyD; bPfvkyf
ief;ykid ;f qkid &f m enf;ynmrsm; tqifjh ri§ hf
wifEkdif&ef pDpOfvsuf&dSaMumif; od&
onf/
aqmif;OD;

11/27/2014 8:36:42 PM

4 EdkifiHwumowif;

28-11-2014

tMurf;zuf0g'\ Ncdrf;ajcmufrIESifUpyfvsOf;í wleD;&Sm;or®wa&G;aumufyGJwGif tpövmrfrpfqefhusifol tufpfpufpDESifU
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tD*spfESifUjyifopfor®wwdkhawGYqHkaqG;aEG;
usL;epf Edk0ifbm

yJ&pf

Edk0ifbm

27

tD*spfor®wtAÁ',fzmwmt,fvf
pDpED iS fh jyifopfor®w z&efqmG a[mfvef'f
wk d Y ( tay:yH k ) onf tm&yf E k d i f i H r sm;
&ifqidk af e&onfph ed af c:rIrsm;? Ekid if w
H um
tMurf;zuf0g'\ Ncrd ;f ajcmufrrI sm;ponhf
udpö&yfrsm;ESifhpyfvsOf;í Ekd0ifbm 26
&ufu jyifopfEdkifiHyJ&pfNrdKUü awGUqHkcJh
aMumif; od&onf/
jyifopfEkdifiHodkY vma&mufvnfywf
onhfc&D;pOfonf tD*spfor®wtwGuf
or®w&mxl;pwifwm0efxrf;aqmifNyD;
csed rf pS í Oa&myodv
Yk ma&mufonhyf xr
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t,fvpf pD o
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Edik if rH sm;&ifqikd &f vsu&f o
dS nht
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jyifopfor®wESihf aqG;aEG;cJhonf/
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0g'BuD;xGm;vmjcif;ESihfpyfvsOf;í pdk;&drf
ylyefrdaMumif; or®wESpfOD;uajymMum;

cJhonf/ vpfAsm;tpdk;&ESihf ppfwyftm;
axmufyHhulnD&efvdktyfaMumif; tD*spf
or®wutav;ay;ajymMum;cJhonf/
xkdYtjyif ygvufpwkdif;ESifh tpöa&;
ta&;udpEö iS yfh wfoufí ajz&Si;f &efta&;
Bu;D aMumif;? or®wESpOf ;D pvH;k uaqG;aEG;
cJNh y;D ¤if;ESpEf ikd if t
H a&;wGiMf um;0ifaphpyf
ay;cJhonfh tD*spftpdk;&\ BudK;yrf;csuf
ukdvnf; BudKqkdaMumif; jyifopfor®w
a[mfvef'fu ajymMum;cJhonf/
tvm;wl qD ; &D ; ,m;y#d y u© t m;
tqH;k owfap&eftwGuf Ekid if aH &;qkid &f m
ajz&Sif;rIrsm;jyKvkyf&ef ESpfEkdifiHpvHk;rS
or® w rsm;u oabmwl n D c J h a Mumif ;
t,fvfpDpDu xyfavmif;ajymMum;cJh
onf/
jyifopfESihftD*spfEkdifiH ESpfEkdifiHpvHk;
onf tpövmrfrpfppfaoG;<ursm;tm;
acsrIef;&ef tar&duefOD;aqmifaom
avaMumif;rSwkdufcdkufrIwGif yg0ifvsuf
&Sad Mumif; od&onf/ Ref: Ahram online

27

wleD;&Sm;EdkifiHwGif yxrtBudrfvGwf
vyfyGifhvif;pGmusif;ycJhonfh a&G;aumuf
yGJwGif tpövmrfrpfqefYusifonhf EkdifiH
a&;orm;a[mif;wpfOD;jzpfol touf
87 ESpft&G,f&Sd tufpfpufpD(,myHk)onf
vuf&Sdor®w rGefqrfrmZluDESihf xyfrHí
xdyfwdkuf ,SOfNydKif&rnfjzpfaMumif;
aemufqHk;xkwfjyefaomrJpm&if;&v'f
rsm;t&od&onf/
tqkdyg rJay;a&G;cs,frIwGif tufpf
puf p D u axmuf c H r J 39 'or 46
&mcdik Ef eI ;f ESifh vuf&w
dS m0efxrf;aqmifqJ
jzpfaom or®w rGeq
f rfrmZluu
D rJta&
twGuf 33 'or 43 &mcdkifEIef;jzihf
'kwd,ae&mrSOD;aqmifvsuf&SdNyD; vuf0J
,drf;ygwDrS acgif;aqmif[rfrm[rfrmrD
u rJta&twGuf 7 'or 82 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
ESifh wwd,ae&mwGif OD;aqmifvsuf&Sd
onf/
tufpfpufpDESifh rGefqrfrmZluDwkdY

vDrm Edk0ifbm

yD½l;EdkifiHwGif
tar&duefa':vm
1 'or 3 oef;ausmf
wefzkd;&Sd aiGpuúLtwkrsm;
odrf;qnf;&rd

u&m;umhpf Edk0ifbm

27

yD½;l &JwyfzUJG onf tar&duefa':vm
1 'or 3 oef;ausmfwefzdk;&Sd aiGpuúL
twkrsm;udk odrf;qnf;&rdcJhaMumif;
tqdkygwyfzGJUrS tBuD;tuJay:zD&Dtkd
'kdif;,Zfu Ekd0ifbm 26 &ufwGif ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
&JwyfzGJUonf tar&duefaps;uGuf
twGuf xkwfvkyfxm;aom tqkdyg
aiGpuúLtwk 1 'or 318 oef;tjyif
tar&duefa':vm 63000 wefzdk;&Sd
yDqkdaiGaMu;rsm;udkvnf; &SmazGodrf;
qnf ; Ed k i f c J h a Mumif ; tqd k y g wyf z G J U rS

\ acgif;aqmifudk vGwfvyfpGma&G;cs,f
ykdifcGifh&Sdaom rJay;rIjzpfNyD; y&d,m,f
uif;onhf a&G;aumufyw
JG pf&yfjzpfaMumif;
Oa&myor*¾avhvmapmihMf unho
f rl sm;u
Ref: Zee News
ajymMum;cJhonf/
'dkif;,Zfua'owGif; owif;Xmewpfck
odaYk jymMum;cJo
h nf/xkjYd yif &JwyfzUJG onf
vDrmNrdKU&Sd odkavSmif½HkwpfckwGif tqdkyg
aiGpuúLrsm;udk w&m;r0ifxkwfvkyfae
onhf *dkPf;wpf*dkPf;rS trsKd;om;wpfOD;
ESihf trsKd;orD;wpfOD;udkvnf; zrf;qD;
EkdifcJhaMumif;od&onf/
tvm;wltmPmydik rf sm;onf ¤if;aiG
puúLtwkxw
k v
f yk &f mwGif toH;k jyKonhf
"mwkypönf;rsm;? aiGxkwfvkyfonhfpuf
ypönf;rsm;ESihf tjcm;ypönf;rsm;udkvnf;
odrf;qnf;&rdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
Ref: Xinhua

om;jzpfol aoewfjzifyU pfowfc&H rIukd wHhk jyefonft
U aejzifU
tmz*eftrsKd;orD;wpfOD; wmvDbef 25 OD;udk ypfowfcJU

AifeDZGJvm;tusOf;axmifrS
tusOf;om; 42 OD;
xGufajy;

ubl;vf Edk0ifbm

27

Aif e D Z G J v m;Ed k i f i H rD & ef ' gjynf e ,f
avmhpfwD;uyfpfNrdKU&Sd tusOf;pcef;rS
tusO;f om; 42 OD;xGuaf jy;vGwaf jrmuf
oGm;cJhaMumif; a'owGif;owif;Xme\
ajymMum;csuft&od&onf/
tusOf;om;rsm;onf Edk0ifbm 26
&ufwGif tusOf;axmiftm;azmufxGif;
cJhjcif;jzihf tusOf;axmifaemufbuf
wHcg;ayguf\ tenf;i,f[aeaomae&m
rSxGufajy;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; od&onf/
xGuaf jy;vGwaf jrmufomG ;aom tusO;f
om;rsm;xJwGif azmufxGif;rIjzifh zrf;qD;
cH&ol &SpOf ;D ? vlowfrjI zihf 23 OD;? jyefay;
qGJrIjzifh tzrf;cHxm;&ol av;OD;tyg
t0if tjcm;&mZ0wfom;rsm; yg0ifaMumif;
od&onf/
tqkyd gtusO;f axmifonftusO;f om;
40 OD;omqHah omfvnf; tusO;f om; 130
ausmf xde;f odr;f xm;aMumif;? tusO;f om;
rsm;udk tqrwef xde;f odr;f xm;jcif;aMumifh
tMurf;zufrrI sm; rMumcPjzpfymG ;avh&dS
Ref: Press TV
aMumif;od&onf/

ESpfOD;onf 'DZifbm 28 &ufwGif xyfrH
usif;yrnfh a&G;aumufyGJü xdyfwkduf
,SOfNydKif&rnfjzpfonf/
wle;D &Sm;Ekid if w
H iG f Ek0d ifbm 23 &ufu
jyKvyk cf ahJ om a&G;aumufyo
JG nf ¤if;Ekid if H

ruúqDudkwGif ausmif;om;rsm;aysmufqHk;rIESifUywfoufí
tjrefvrf;rBuD;udkqE´jyolrsm;ydwfqdkh
ruúqDudkpD;wD;

Edk0ifbm

27

ruúqu
D Ekd idk if w
H iG f ausmif;om; 43OD;
tpkvkduftNyHKvkduf owfjzwfcH&rIwGif
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oufí trsufxGufaeMuaomqE´jyol
axmifaygif;rsm;pGmonf ruúqDudkpD;wD;
ESifh tumygvfwNYdrk Kd Uudk qufo,
G x
f m;aom
tjrefvrf;rBuD;udk ydwfqdkYcJh(tay:yHk)
aMumif;od&onf/
tqkdygydwfqdkYrIonf *Gg&m½dkjynfe,f
csDvfyefpD*dkNrdKUwGif Ekd0ifbm 26 &ufu
jzpfyGm;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; ,if;ydwfqdkYrIwGif

aysmufqHk;aeaomausmif;om;rsm;\
rdbrsm;tygt0if qE´jyol 2000 cefY
yg0ifaMumif; od&onf/
ruú q D u d k tmPmyd k i f r sm;onf
tqkdygaysmufqHk;aeonhfausmif;om;
43 OD;udk *Gg&m½dk,leD'dkrl;,pfaq;0g;
*dkPf;\tzGJU0ifrsm;u owfjzwfcJhNyD;
½kyftavmif;rsm;udk rD;½dIUcJhonf[k0efcH
cJo
h nhaf jymMum;csurf sm; xGuaf y:vmcsed f
rSpí EdkifiHtwGif;tMurf;zufqlyltHk<u
rIrsm;ay:aygufcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif;od&
Ref: Press TV
onf/

27

tmz*efepöwefEdkifiHrStrsKd;orD;wpf
OD;onf zm&mjynfe,ftaemufykdif;wGif
om;jzpfoltm; wmvDbefppfaoG;<u
rsm;u aoewfESihfypfowfcJhjcif;udk jyef
vnf vufwHkYjyefonhftaejzihf tqkdyg
ppfaoG;<u 25 OD;udk jyefvnfwHkYjyef
ypfowfcJhaMumif;od&onf/
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(atmufy)kH onf zm&mjynfe,f&dS aus;&Gm
wpf&mG wGif olr\om;jzpfol &Jt&m&Su
d kd
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onfudk awGU&SdcJhNyD;aemuf tqdkygppf
aoG;<ursm;tm; jyefvnfwHkYjyefypfcwf
cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
tqkdygypfcwfrItwGif; wmvDbef
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tjcm; ig;OD ; 'Pf & m&&S d c h J a Mumif ; ES i h f
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aMumif; od&onf/ xkdYjyifwmvDbef
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kd &f mwGif tqkyd gtrsK;d orD;\orD;
jzpfolESihf om;rufwkdYuvnf;ulnDay;
cJhaMumif;od&onf/ Ref: Press TV

aejynfawmfEiS t
hf xufjrefrmjynfowif; 5

tonf;a&miftom;0g
bDydk; pDykd; umuG,faq;
tcrJU xdk;ESHay;rnf
rEÅav;

Edk0ifbm

27

jrifjh rwf{&m0wDvrl u
I eG &f ufu ausmif;
om;? ausmif;olrsm;tm; bDy;kd ? pDy;kd a&m*g
umuG,fEkdif&eftwGuf umuG,faq;
tvHk; 1000 ausmfudk Ekd0ifbm 30 &uf
wGif tcrJhxdk;ESHay;rnfjzpfonf/
tqdyk g tonf;a&miftom;0g bDy;kd ?
pDy;kd umuG,af q;rsm;udk jrifjh rwf{&m0wD
vlru
I eG &f uftzGUJ u OD;aqmifí tvSL&Sif
rsm;\yHhydk;rIjzifh rEÅav;wdkif;a'oBuD;
r[matmifajrNrdKUe,f uHwufukef;
(rpd;k &dr)f ukov
kd jf zpfaq;cef;ü use;f rma&;
todynmay;a[majymjcif;ESihf umuG,f
aq;xkd;ay;jcif;rsm; aqmif&GufoGm;rnf
jzpf&m umuG,faq;vSL'gef;vdkolrsm;
taejzifh jrifhjrwf{&m0wD vlrIuGef&uf
odYk vSL'gef;Ekid af Mumif; od&onf/ (402)

ausmif;aqmifopfESifU toHk;taqmifypönf;rsm; vTJajymif;ay;tyf
NrdKUopf

Edk0ifbm 27

rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; NrdKUopfNrdKUe,f
axmuf&Smwef;aus;&Gm&Sd tajccHynm
tv,fwef;ausmif;ü tvSL&Sif "r®&HoD
q&mawmf b'´Eo
Å ek E´rS ynma&mifjcnf
ausmif;aqmifopftm; ynma&;XmeodYk
vTJajymif;ay;tyfyGJtcrf;tem;udk ,ref
aeY eHeuf 8 em&Du usif;yonf/
tcrf;tem;odkY rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD;
0efBuD;csKyf OD;bkef;armfa&TESifhZeD;? rauG;
wdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJU0if 0efBuD;rsm;?
jynfov
Yl w
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toif;tzGUJ rsm;? q&m? q&mrrsm;? ausmif;
om;? ausmif;olrsm;ESifh a'ocHjynfol
rsm; wufa&mufMuonf/
a&S;OD;pGm tvSL&Sif"r®&HoDq&mawmf
b'´EÅokeE´? rauG;wdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;

trsKd;om;ynma&;jr§ifUwifrI taumiftxnfazmfa&;ESifU
trsKd;om;ynma&;Oya'aqG;aEG;
yckuúL

Edk0ifbm 27

rauG;wdik ;f a'oBu;D yckuLú wuúov
kd f
yifraqmif bGJUESif;obifcef;rü trsKd;
om;ynma&;jri§ w
hf ifrI taumiftxnf
azmfa&;ESifh trsKd;om;ynma&;Oya'
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Edk0ifbm

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10 jynfwGif;owif;

28-11-2014

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aejynfawmf Ekd0ifbm 27

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(owif;pOf)

27

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28-11-2014

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aejynfawmf Edk0ifbm

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tkwftrdIufuef 300 ausmfESifh trdIufyHk;
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rS xkwfjyefxm;onf/
(447)

MunfU½Itm;ay;
'kwd,or®w OD;ÓPfxGef; tmqD,H-½k&Sm;vli,ftEkynm
oHpHkwD;0kdif;tzGJU\ wD;cwfazsmfajzrIudk Munfh½Itm;ay;pOf/

27

tmqD,-H ½k&mS ; vli,ftEkynmoHpw
kH ;D
0kid ;f rS azsmaf jzwifqufonfh The Cultural

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EdkifiHwGifomru urÇmt&yf&yfwGif jzpf

27

Ekd0ifbm

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aejynfawmf Ekd0ifbm

jynfwGif;owif; 13

28-11-2014

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D idk &f m 0efBu;D H.E. Mr. Nikolay,
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(447)

aejynfawmf

Edk0ifbm

27

Edk0ifbm 27

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14 EkdifiHwumtm;upm;ESifhtEkynmowif;

28-11-2014

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27

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Ref: PTI

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28-11-2014

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(451)

11/27/2014 9:05:42 PM

16 jynfwGif;owif;

28-11-2014

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wpfckxlaxmifzdkY or®wBuD;u ajymcJh
ygw,f/ Nird ;f csr;f a&;udpaö wGrmS Ekid if aH &;
ygwDawGtaeeJY yg0ifaqmif&Gufay;Ekdif
zdkY ulnDr,fvdkY tqkdjyKwJhtay:rSm
or®wBuD;u oabmwlvufcHygw,f/
aemufwpfcku ajr,mudpö? trsKd;om;
ynma&; Oya'eJYywfoufvdkY uefYuGuf
aewJhudpöawG? a'ozGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;eJY
qkdifwJhudpöawGudk or®wBuD;u tav;
teufem;axmifNyD; 'gawGudk tajz&
atmif yl;aygif;aqmif&GufoGm;rSmjzpfyg
w,f/ 'DvdktzGJUtpnf;trsm;BuD;eJY awGU
qHkwm trsm;BuD;tusKd;&Sdygw,f/ uRef
awmfwo
Ydk mG ;aewJh Ekid if aH &;udu
k tm;vH;k
yg0ifwJh EkdifiHa&;jzpfpOfwpfckjzpfatmif
vkyfaewmaMumifh ygwDBuD;onfjzpfap?

i,fonfjzpfap? ta&twGuf enf;onf
jzpfap? rsm;onfjzpfap tm;vH;k &JU tjrif
oabmxm;udk wwfEkdiforQ EkdifiHawmf
or®wBuD;taeeJY &,lzdkYBudK;pm;wmjzpf
ygw,f/ aemifvnf; 'DvdkawGUqHkyGJawG
rMumcP xyfawGUzdkY&Sdygw,f/
OD;ZkdZrf
csif;trsKd;om;'Drdku&ufwpfygwD(Ouú|)
ajcmufyiG q
hf ikd q
f w
dk mudk aqG;udrk aqG;
aEG;apcsiyf gbl;/ aqG;aEG;rI&v'fukd tod
trSwfrjyKygbl;/ vTwfawmfxJu xGuf
vmwmaMumifh r,Hyk gbl;/ ajymNy;D om;yJ?
Ekid if aH &;orm;onf Ekid if aH &;acgif;aqmif
rsm;aqG;aEG;wmudyk J ,HMk unfw,f/ vTwf
awmfqkdwm tck 2010 vTwfawmfqkd
wm uRefawmfudk,fwkdif vTwfawmfudk,f
pm;vS,fyg/ trsm;BuD;vdktyfcsufawG
&Sw
d ,f/ Ekid if jH cm;vTwaf wmf ig;ckavmuf
avhvmygw,f/ wjcm;pDyg? uRefawmf
wdkYrSm pHcsdefrrDygbl;/
a'gufwmwl;*sm
ucsifjynfe,f'Drkdua&pDygwD
tckawGUqkyH u
JG dk tm;&ygw,f/ or®w
BuD; awmfawmfpdwf&Snfygw,f/ &Sif;jy
wmvnf; jynfhpkHygw,f/ EkdifiHa&;ygwD
rsm; wifjywmukv
d nf; pdw&f n
S v
f uf&n
S f
em;axmifwmawGU&w,f/ vlwkdif;aphukd
EIwq
f ufNy;D jyefomG ;w,f/ or®wBu;D ukd
csD;usL;ygw,f/
ajcmufyiG q
hf idk u
f wkid ;f &if;om;bufu
ukd,fpm;vS,fa&G;cs,fwJhae&mrSm vlrSef?
ae&mrSejf zpfzv
Ydk w
dk ,f/ wpfa,mufyjJ zpf

jzpf ESpaf ,mufyjJ zpfjzpf ta&twGuu
f dk
rajymcsifygbl;/ 'gayrJh wkdif;&if;om;
ukd,fpm;vS,ftjzpf a&G;cs,fwJhae&mrSm
wkdif;&if;om;awG cHpm;&ovkd wu,f
cHpm;wJo
h jl zpf&r,f/ wkid ;f &if;om;awG&UJ
cHpm;csuf vkdvm;csufukd *CeP odwhJ
oljzpf&r,f/ aqG;aEG;yGJrSm wkdif;&if;om;
ta&;ukd &J&0J 0hH hH rSerf eS u
f efuef jywfjywf
om;om; yGifhyGifhvif;vif;wifjywwfwJh
oljzpfzkdYvkdw,f/
OD;atmifodef;vif;?
A[kdtvkyftrIaqmif
jynfaxmifpkMuHhckdifa&;ESifhzGHUNzdK;a&;ygwD
wkid ;f &if;om;vlrsK;d pku,
dk pf m;vS,af wG
yg&if ydjk ynfph w
Hk ,fvYdk olwaYkd wmif;qkMd u
wmukd obm0yku
d sw,fvYkd uReaf wmfjrif
ygw,f/ 'DaeY aqG;aEG;oGm;wJhtxJrSm
jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;udpöeJYywfoufNyD;
or®wBuD;u tav;xm;NyD; tm;pkduf
aqmif&Gufaewmukd uRefawmfhtaeeJY
oabmtusqkH;jzpfygw,f/ jynfwGif;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;qkdwm uRefawmftygt0if
tm;vkH;vkdvm;Muw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY
EkdifiHu 1949 ckESpfuwnf;u pcJhwm
ESpaf ygif; 60 avmuf&cdS NhJ y/D ESpzf ufwu
dk f
Mu? ckdufMuwJhtcg b,fbufu½IH;½IH;?
'Pf&m&& uRefawmfwkdYwkdif;jynfepfem
wmygyJ/ jynfwiG ;f Nird ;f csr;f a&;wnfaqmuf
zkdYonf uRefawmfwkdYEkdifiHtwGuf ta&;
Bu;D cJw
h mMumygNy/D tckrS aocsmyDyjD yifjyif
eJY xdxda&mufa&muf wnfaqmufae
w,f/ wpfwkdif;jynfvkH;twkdif;twm

eJY 0kdif;0ef;NyD; yl;aygif;vkyfaqmifMur,f
qkd&if jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;&oGm;rSmjzpf
ygw,f/ 'grSom jynfaxmifprk NyKd uaJG &;?
wkid ;f &if;om;pnf;vk;H nDñw
G rf rI NyKd uaJG &;?
tcsKyt
f jcmtmPmwnfwchH idk Nf raJ &;wkq
Yd dk
wJh 'kdYwm0efta&;okH;yg;ukd ykdNyD;yDyDjyif
jyifazmfaqmifvmEkdifrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'D
awGUqkaH qG;aEG;yGrJ mS ygwD 60 ausmyf gw,f/
'DaeYaqG;aEG;oGm;MuwmawGvnf; trsm;
BuD;tusKd;&Sdygw,f/ tem*wfEkdifiHa&;
twGuv
f nf; taxmuftuljyKEidk yf gw,f/
or®wBu;D u tckvadk wGUqkw
H mukd BuKd qdk
w,f/ ygwDacgif;aqmifawGeYJ tkycf sKyaf &;
rSm tBu;D qk;H jzpfwhJ or®weJY awGUw,fqdk
wm rSm;p&mr&Sdygbl;/ tcsdefrsm;rsm;ay;
Ekdif&if ykdaumif;r,fvkdYxifygw,f/
OD;armifarmif? 'kwd,Ouú|
jrefrmEkdifiHawmifolv,form;
zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;ygwD
'DaeY or®wBuD;eJY ygwDtoD;oD;u
Ekid if aH &;acgif;aqmifawG tm;vk;H awGUqkH
Muw,f/ ygwDawGuvnf; wifjyaqG;aEG;
Muw,f/ ygwDtoD;oD;&JU tMuÓ
H Pfrsm;
ukd or®wBuD;u tjynfht0 vufcH
,kHMunfvdrfhr,fvdkY uRefawmfhtaeeJY
xifygw,f/ uReaf wmfuawmh awmifol
v,form;ygwDuqkad wmh 'DaeYaqG;aEG;
oGm;wJhtxJrSm or®wBuD;taeeJY v,f
,majrrIcif;udpöeJYywfoufNyD; Oya'eJY
tnD aqmif&Gufay;oGm;yghr,fqkdwJh
tcsuu
f dk ykNd y;D oabmusygw,f/ tckvdk
awGUqkHyGJawGu jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;eJY
typftcwf&yfpaJ &;udpaö wGtwGuf tm;
aq;wpfcGufyJ uRefawmfjrifw,f/ 'Dvkd
wkid ;f &if;om;ygwDawGyg0ifNy;D awGUqkw
H m
uReaf wmft
h aeeJY oabmusygw,f/ wpf
Burd rf u tBurd af ygif;rsm;pGm awGUqko
H ifh
w,f/ aemufNy;D ok;H yGiq
hf idk ?f av;yGiq
hf idk ?f
ig;yGifhqkdif? ajcmufyGifhqkdifwdkYxuf wkdif;
&if;om;ygwDacgif;aqmifawG trsm;qkH;
yg0ifoifw
h ,f/ jynfwiG ;f Nird ;f csr;f a&;wnf
aqmufzrYdk mS wkid ;f &if;om;awGu t"du
tajccHjzpfw,f/ t"dutajccHjzpfwJh
'Dwkdif;&if;om;awGyJ vufeufukdiftzGJU
tpnf;awGjzpfaejyefw,f/ 'Dwidk ;f &if;om;
acgif;aqmifawGygrS jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;
a&;ukd tjrefqkH;wnfaqmufvkdY&r,f/
&efukefowif;tzGJU

aqmif;ckdiSufvma&mufMunfU½IonfU jynfyc&D;oGm;rsm; ,cifESpfxufrsm;vm
&efukef

Edk0ifbm

27

{&m0wDwidk ;f a'oBu;D rtlyifNrKd Ue,f
rvufwdkaus;&Gmtkyfpk&Sd obm0ig;arG;
uefESihf &efukefawmifydkif;c½dkif c&rf;NrdKU
ESihf oHk;cGNrdKU&Sd obm0ig;arG;uefrsm;
twGi;f okYd ,ckvqef;ydik ;f rSpí aqmif;ckd
iSufrsm; pHkpHknDnDa&muf&SdvmNyDjzpfonfh
tjyif aqmif;cdkiSufrsm;udkMunfh½I&ef
tajccHtaqmufttHrk sm;ESifh vSnv
hf nf
Munfh½IEkdifrnfh pufwyforÁefrsm;vnf;
pDpOfNyD;jzpfaMumif; ig;uefydkif&Sifrsm;xHrS
od&onf/
ig;arG;uefrsm;twGi;f tajccHtaqmuf
ttHrk sm;udk aqmufvyk Nf y;D pD;oGm;NyjD zpfí
jynfwGif;&Sd iSuf0goem&SiftcsKdU vm
a&mufMunf½h rI rI sm;&So
d uJo
h Ydk tar&duef
EkdifiHom;trsm;pkESihf aemfa0EdkifiHom;

trsm;pkwdkYrSvnf; vma&mufavhvm
vsuf&SdaMumif; rtlyifNrdKUe,f rvuf
wdkaus;&Gmtkyfpk&Sd atmf*Jepf ig;arG;uef
ykdif&Sif a'gufwmjrihfpdefu ajymonf/
xdt
Yk jyif c&rf;NrKd UESifh oH;k cGNrKd U&Sd ig;arG;
uefrsm;üvnf; 'Da&awmrsm;? vrkawm
rsm;ESihf eD;uyfonfhtjyif yifv,f0ESihf
vnf; eD;uyfjcif;aMumifh aqmif;cdik u
S rf sm;
a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfonf/
,cktcg
aqmif;ckdiSufrsm;udk vSnhfvnfMunfh½I
Edik &f efEiS fh em;ae&efae&mrsm; pDpOfNy;D jzpf
í EkdifiHjcm;c&D;oGm;{nfhonfrsm; vm
a&mufMunfh½IaeaMumif; ig;uefydkif&Sif
OD;aomif;at;u ajymonf/
]]c&rf;eJY oHk;cGbufu ig;arG;uef
awGudk aqmif;ckdiSufawGvmwm ig;ESpf
avmuf&SdNyD/ 'gayrJh owdrxm;rdcJhbl;/

wpfEpS u
f rS owdxm;rdwm/ tJ'geJY 'DEpS f
aqmif;ckdiSufawGudk Munfh½IEdkifatmif
pDpOfay;wmyg/ orÁepf pD Ofay;xm;w,f/
'ghtjyif vma&mufMunfh½IwJholawG
em;aevdkY&atmif t&dyf&ae&mav;awG
rSm ae&mxdik cf if;awG pDpOfay;xm;ygw,f/
'DESpf aqmif;ckdiSufvmMunfhwJholawGudk
tcaMu;aiGr,lygbl;/ tajccHtaqmuf
ttHkawG tm;vHk;aqmufNyD;&ifawmh
vmMunfhwJholawGqDu tcaMu;aiG,l
oGm;rSmyg}} [k ¤if;u qufvufajymonf/
rtlyif? c&rf;ESifh oH;k cGa'orsm;onf
obm0ywf0ef;usit
f aetxm;aumif;
rGefNyD; obm0twdkif;arG;jrLxm;onfh
ig;arG;uefrsm;odkY Ekd0ifbmvqef;rSpí aqmif;cdkiSufMunfh½Iaeaom EdkifiHjcm;c&D;oGm;{nfhonfrsm;udk awGU&pOf/
aqmif;cdkiSufrsm; wzGJzGJ0ifa&mufaeNyD; rsm;tm;vHk; pHknDoGm;NyDjzpfonfhtjyif rsm;rS aqmif;ckdiSufrsm; jyefvnfxGufcGm
'DZifbmvqef;a&mufygu aqmif;cdik u
S f Zefe0g&DvtwGif; tqdkygig;arG;uef oGm;avh&SdaMumif; od&onf/ xufae

0w¦ KESifhjynfwGif;owif; 17

28-11-2014

tcef;quf0w¦K

jynfwGif;aomif;usef;rIESifUom ½kef;uefvm&aom vGwfvyfa&;

tcef;(2)
jynfwGif;ppf^jynfwGif;
aomif;usef;rI
jrefrmEdik if \
H jynfwiG ;f aomif;use;f rIrsm; bmaMumifh
jzpf&ovJqw
kd mudk avhvmNy;D aomtcg b,ftcsed f
tcgu pwifjzpfay:vm&ovJqakd om tcsed u
f mv
tm; xyfrHavhvmqef;ppfMunfhygonf/ tvHeD
ocifp;kd ESihf rl*sm[pfaomif;use;f rIrsm; vGwv
f yfa&;
r&rD 1946 ckESpfu pwifcJhonfudk awGU&Sd&onf/
od&Yk mwGif jynfwiG ;f aomif;use;f rIukd jzpfay:apaom
ordkif;aemufcH tcsuftvufrsm;rSm ppfBudKacwf
vGwv
f yfa&;BuKd ;yrf;rIumv 1920 jynfEh pS 0f ef;usi?f
YMBA,GCBA ? yxrausmif;om;oydwf? q&mpH
ta&;tcif;? 1300 jynfh BOC tvkyform;ta&;
tcif;? 'kwd,ausmif;om;oydwf? Adkvfatmifausmf
ta&;tcif;ponhf jzpfpOfrsm;ESifhtwl EkdifiHa&;
t,ltqtrsKd;rsKd;? 0g'vrf;pOftrsKd;rsKd;? ygwDtzGJU
tpnf;trsKd;rsKd;? acgif;aqmifESifh aemufvdkuf
trsm;tjym;uGjJ ym;&mu pwifvmaMumif; awGU&S&d
onf/ xdaYk Mumifh jrefrmEkid if \
H jynfwiG ;f aomif;use;f
rIjzpfpOfudk tcsdefumvjzifh cGJjcm;avhvmrnf
qkdygu- ppfBudKacwf? vGwfvyfa&;BudK;yrf;rIumv
(t*Fvdyfacwf)
- 'kwd,urÇmppfumv (*syefacwf)
- 'kwd,urÇmppftNyD; vGwfvyfa&;tBudKacwf
umv
- vGwfvyfa&;&NyD; zqyvacwfumv
- awmfvSefa&;aumifpDacwfumv
- jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwDacwfumv
- e0w? e,u wyfrawmftpdk;&acwfumv
- ,aeYacwfumv[k acwftvdkufawGU&Sd&
onf/
tpdk;&rsm;taejzifh cGJjcm;avhvmrnfqkdygu- t*Fvdyftpdk;&

(tydkif;-4)
xkdyk*d¾Kvftm;vHk;rSm jrefrm
EkdifiHvGwfvyfa&;&&eftwGufESifU
vGwfvyfa&;&NyD;aomtcg jrefrm
Ekid if BH u;D zGYH NzKd ;wd;k wufat;csr;f a&;
wdkhudkom &nf&G,fcJUjcif;jzpfonf/
Edik if t
UH wGuf vkyMf u&if;tzGt
YJ pnf;
toD;oD;twGif; . . . . .
(bk&ifc?H 'dik t
f mcD? 91 Xmetkycf sKyaf &;ponfjzif)h
- *syeftkyfpdk;rI
ppftkyfcsKyfa&;? a'gufwmbarmf\ r[mArm
tpdk;&
- vGwfvyfa&;tBudKacwftpdk;&
ppftkyfcsKyfa&; CAS(B)? bk&ifcHaumifpD
- zqyvacwftpdk;&
OD;Ekacgif;aqmifaom zqyvtpdk;&
Adv
k cf sKyBf u;D ae0if;acgif;aqmifaom tdraf pmifh
tpdk;&
OD;Ekacgif;aqmifaom yxptpdk;&
- awmfvSefa&;aumifpDtpdk;&
Adv
k cf sKyBf u;D ae0if;acgif;aqmifaom awmfveS f
a&;aumifpDtpdk;&
- jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwDacwftpdk;&
OD;ae0if;acgif;aqmifaom jynfaxmifpk
qdk&S,fvpfor®w jrefrmEkdifiHawmftpdk;&
OD;pef;,kacgif;aqmifaom jynfaxmifpk
qdk&S,fvpfor®w jrefrmEkdifiHawmftpdk;&

wifUaqG(zsmyHk)

- wyfrawmftpdk;&acwftpdk;&
AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD; apmarmifacgif;aqmifaom
EkdifiHawmfNidrf0yfydjym;rI wnfaqmufa&;tzGJU
(e0w)tpdk;&
Adv
k cf sKyrf LS ;Bu;D oef;a&Tacgif;aqmifaom Ekid if H
awmfat;csr;f om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifpD
(e,u)tpdk;&
- ,aeYacwftpdk;&
- EkdifiHawmfor®wOD;odef;pdef acgif;aqmifaom
jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEkdifiHawmftpdk;&[k
awGU&Sd&onf/
txufazmfjyyg acwfumvrsm;wGif azmfjyyg
tpdk;&toD;oD;onf tcsdefumvwpfckpD jrefrm
EkdifiHudk tkyfcsKyfcJhMuNyD; jynfwGif;aomif;usef;rIudk
twwfEkdifqHk;ajz&Sif;cJhMuonfudkvnf; awGU&Sd&
onf/
txufazmfjyyg acwfumvrsm;? tpdk;&rsm;
vufxufwGif jrefrmEkdifiHtusKd;twGuf tpdk;&rsm;
u vkyfaqmifcJhMuovkd EkdifiHa&;ygwDtoD;oD;ESifh
vlyk*d¾Kvfrsm;uvnf; EkdifiHhtusKd;twGuf oD;jcm;rdrd
wd k Y t pD t pOf E S i f h Bud K ;pm;cJ h M uonf / xk d Y a Mumif h
xdkumvu yk*d¾KvfBuD;rsm;rSm EdkifiHhacgif;aqmifjzpf
wJhtcgjzpf? twdkuftcHjzpfwJhtcgjzpf? tusOf;om;
jzpfwJhtcgjzpf? jynfwGif;rSmvkyfolvkyf? EkdifiH&yfjcm;
xGuNf y;D vkyo
f u
l vkyMf u&onf/ xkyd *k K¾d vt
f m;vH;k rSm
jrefrmEkdifiHvGwfvyfa&;&&eftwGufESifh vGwfvyf
a&;&NyD;aomtcg jrefrmEkdifiHBuD; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wuf
at;csrf;a&;wdkYudkom &nf&G,fcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ EdkifiHh
twGuf vkyfMu&if; tzGJUtpnf;toD;oD;twGif;
t,ltqrwlrIESifh yk*d¾Kvfa&;yGwfwdkufrIrsm;aMumifh
*dkPf;*PuGJjcif;rsm;? pkpnf;rIrsm;? wpfzGJUESifh wpfzGJU
wkdufcdkufjcif;? ta&;,ljcif;? NzdKzsufjcif;ponfrsm;
vnf;&SdcJhonfudk awGU&onf/ xdkYaMumifh xdkyk*d¾Kvf
toD;oD;\ EkdifiHa&;cH,lcsuf? vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;
onfvnf; wdkif;jynftay: tBuD;tus,f½dkufcwf
cJo
h nf/ jynfwiG ;f aomif;use;f rIjzpf&jcif;\ taMumif;

ajymif;tdwfwifaqmifvmaom [D;Edk;,mOf
b&dwf&SL;ayguf 0g,ma&Smhcfjzpfum rD;avmifuRrf;

&if;wGif atmufygyk*d¾Kvfrsm;u wpfenf;r[kwf
wpfenf;yg0ifywfoufaeonf/ xdkolwdkYrSm- a'gufwmbarmf? OD;Ek? ocifp;kd ? ocifoef;xGe;f ?
AdkvfcsKyfBuD;ae0if;? OD;ausmfNidrf;? OD;AaqG?
OD;odef;azjrifh? Adkvfcifarmifav;? ocifausmf
'Ge;f ? ocifwif paom t"duacgif;aqmifrsm;?
- Adkvf&JxG#f? AdkvfaZ,s? AdkvfausmfaZm paom
wyfrawmfxJu uGefjrLepfrsm;? AdkvfcsKyfarmif
armif? AdkvfcsKyfatmifBuD;? AdkvfrSL;BuD;Munf
armif? Adv
k rf LS ;Bu;D at;armif? 'kw,
d Adv
k rf LS ;Bu;D
cspfcdkif? AdkvfrSL;BuD;Munf0if;? AdkvfrSL;BuD;0if;
ponhf wyfrawmfxu
J qd&k ,
S v
f pfrsm;? apmb
OD;Bu;D ESihf u&ifacgif;aqmifrsm;ponhf xdyw
f ef;
acgif;aqmifrsm;?
- 'kw,
d Adv
k rf LS ;Bu;D apmrif;armif? 'kw,
d Adv
k rf LS ;Bu;D
apmjrarmifpaom u&iftrsK;d om;ppfAv
kd rf sm;?
Adv
k zf ;kd uGe;f ? Adv
k x
f eG ;f vif;ponfh &JabmfjzLacgif;
aqmifrsm;? ocifAodef;wif? &Jabmf*dk&S,f?
&JabmfaX;? yDuif;jyefatmifBuD;? ocifZif?
ocifcspf? Adkvf&efatmif? ocifwifxGef;? Adkvf
oufxGef;? AdkvfrSL;cspfaumif;? ocifoef;NrdKif?
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(603)

Edk0ifbm

27

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28-11-2014 (aomMumaeY)

27

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olZmEG,f(zsmyHk)

1/ 17;45 Guess The Object
2/ 18;45 BudK;0dkif;xJupdefac:oHrsm;
3/ 19;00 &ifxJu tu,f'rD
4/ 19;15 aowåmeufxJuidk½dIufoH
5/ 20;00 tD&mESifhtD&Sm

MWD Music

MWD Movies

1/ 18;00 Music Mix

1/ 18;00 oif;uGJESif;qD

2/ 19;00 Triple Play

2/ 20;30

3/ 21;00 Girls Talk

3/ 22;00 'DvdkaMu;vm;

r,m;qkd;

MWD Shopping

MWD Series
1/ 18;00 cspfaomq&mr

1/ 18;10 Shopping Talk
(Live Shopping)

2/ 19;15 oufrJhoufao

2/ 18;30 Shopping In Shopping (pHZmPDbdk)
3/ 20;30 yef;uav;rsm;&JUzl;pm
4/ 21;45 '@m&DxJuarSmfusdefpm
5/ 22;50 ay;qyfjcif;wdkYpka0;&m

3/ 18;55 Shopping jrifuGif;pHk
4/ 19;50 E-Market
5/ 20;05 zwf½IavhvmpmayurÇm
6/ 20;20 jrL;<uacwfpm; Shopping oHpOfrsm;

MYANMAR
INTERNATIONAL

jr0wD½kyfjrifoHMum;
28-11-2014 (aomMumaeY)
1/ 8;10

pdkufysKd;okw

2/ 8;35
3/ 4;25

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4/ 4;40
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10/ owif;
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jrefrUm½kyfjrifoHMum;

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MWD Documentary

MWD Variety
1/ 18;14 orkdif;xJu'DaeY (tydkif;-18)
2/ 18;40 usef;rmjcif;&JUtvSw&m;
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aiG&wkpmapmif xkwfa0rnf
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Myawady Digital Set Top Box

28-11-2014 (aomMumaeY)
1/ 11;40 aysmf&TifapaomaeY&ufrsm;
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6/ 8;35 jynfolwkdY&JUpum;oHrsm;

28-11-2014 (Friday)
My Tour Around Hopone City
Independent Filmmaker
Kyeikhteeyoe: Welcome All
Caves of Myanmar
Myanmar Wedding Dresses
Guiding Star of Song Birds
Myanma Harp(Episode-1)
In The Studio: Shin Min Eain
Rakhine Tourist Area
Short Cut: Lawka Nandar Wildlife
Sanctuary
Ä Myanmar Masterclass "Still Life
(Fruit)"
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä
Ä

MRTV - 4
28-11-2014 (aomMumaeY)
1/ 10;00 acwfopfysKdar
2/ 11;05 Food & Decor
3/ 11;35 MRTV-4 Stage
4/ 6;15 MRTV-4½kyfoHZmwfvrf;wGJ
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Happy Beach (Season-2)
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7/ 9;25 MRTV-4½kyfoHZmwfvrf;wGJ
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(tydkif;-24)

jynfwGif;ESifhEkdifiHwumowif; 19

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h &mrsm; Sustainable jzpf&ef udpr
ö sm;ESiyhf wfoufí pOf;pm;
&ef rdrdxnfhoGif;wifjycJhygaMumif;? ,ck
tcsed w
f iG f ,if;tqdak y:aygufvmNy;D onfh
tcsdefü tvGefpdwf0ifpm;zdkYaumif;onfh
acgif;pOfwpfcjk zpfNy;D jynfoMl um;wGiv
f nf;
ysHUESHYaeonfh udpöwpf&yfjzpfygaMumif;?
,if;tcsufrsm;ESifhywfoufNyD; jynfol
rsm;vnf; &Si;f &Si;f vif;vif;odap&ef &Si;f
vif;wifjycGifhjyKyg&ef yefMum;tyfyg
aMumif;? yxrOD;qHk;taejzifh ,ckvpm
wdk;jr§ifhrIESifhywfoufNyD; qufpyfjzpfay:
vmrnfah emufqufwJG *,ufrsm;ESiyhf wf
oufNyD; rdrdwdkYxnfhoGif;pOf;pm;rItydkif;
jzpfygaMumif;? yxrqHk;tcsufonf

EdkifiHwum
owif;
wkdusKd

ay;Edik rf nfh vpmEIe;f xm;awG ay;Edik rf nfh
aiGaMu;yrmPudk wGufcsuf&ygaMumif;?
,cktcsed w
f iG f rdrw
d t
Ykd ao;pdww
f u
G cf suf
aeygaMumif;? Ny;D jywfrrI &Sad o;ygaMumif;?
tjyefjyeftvSefvSeftrsKd;rsKd; tcsuf
tvufaygif;pHrk S qufpyfNy;D wGucf suaf eyg
aMumif;? wGucf suo
f nfah e&mwGif 0efxrf;
[lonfhtaetxm;ü 0efxrf;rSmtNrJ
wrf;0efxrf;rsm;&SdygaMumif;? aeYpm;
0efxrf;rsm;&Syd gaMumif;? yHak ovpm&onfh
0efxrf;rsm;&SdygaMumif;? xdkYtwl tydk
axmufyahH Mu;rsm;ay;aeonfvnf; &Syd g
aMumif;? xdkYtwl a'op&dwfrsm; ay;ae
onfvnf;&SdygaMumif;? ,if;tqifhqifh
udk rdrw
d w
Ykd pfqifch si;f wpfqifch si;f vuf&dS
ay;aeonfrsm;udk wGufcsufygaMumif;?
aemiftem*wfwiG f jzpfay:vmrnft
h &m
rsm;udk rdrw
d u
G cf suo
f nfh taetxm;jzpf
ygaMumif;? qufvufNy;D yifpiftoH;k p&dwf
rsm;&Syd gaMumif;? rdrw
d NYkd rKd Ujy0efxrf;rsm;\
yifpiftoHk;p&dwf? umuG,fa&;0efxrf;
rsm;\ yifpiftoHk;p&dwfrsm;udkvnf;
wGucf suaf eygaMumif;? xdt
Yk wl cs;D jri§ ahf iG?
aeYwu
G pf &dw?f jynfaxmifpt
k qif?h wdik ;f
ESifhjynfe,ftqifh csD;jr§ifhaiGaeYwGuf
p&dwfrsm;udk wGufcsufaeonfvnf;&Sdyg
aMumif;? vpmEIef;p&dwftopfaMumifh
wdk;yGm;vmrnfh omreftoHk;p&dwfrsm;
ckeu rdrdwdkYpDrHudef;0efBuD;wifjyoGm;
onfhtxJwGifygaom qufpyfonfhaiG
vHk;aiG&if;? omreftcsKd;ajymif;vJrIESifh
EdkifiHawmf\ pDrHudef;wGif ywfoufonfh
tcsufudkvnf; rdrdwdkYpOf;pm;oHk;oyfyg
aMumif;? xdjYk yif vuf&adS iGaMu;tajctae?
EdkifiHawmf\a':vmaiGaMu; vJvS,frI
tajctae? aiGazmif;yGrEI eI ;f xm; ,if;wdYk
udkvnf; qufvufoHk;oyfaeygaMumif;?
xdkYtwl vSnhfywfoHk;pGJaiGyrmP? aps;
uGufxJwGif a&muf&Sdaeonfh? jynfwGif;
wGifa&muf&Sdaeonfh vSnfhywfoHk;pGJaiG
yrmP wdk;yGm;vmEdkifrnfh taetxm;?
aiGaMu;ud0k efxrf;vpmwd;k ay;vdu
k o
f nf
ESihf 0efxrf;vpmwd;k yGm;vmrnfh aiGaMu;

*syefEkdifiHwGif atqkdrD;awmifaygufuGJ
avaMumif;c&D;pOfrsm;zsufodrf;cJU&
Ekd0ifbm

27

*syefEidk if H awmifbufyikd ;f ü Ek0d ifbm
27 &ufwGif atqkdrD;awmifaygufuGJrI
jzpfymG ;cJ&h m ¤if;rD;awmifrS rD;ck;d jymrIerf sm;
yef;xGucf ahJ omaMumifh Ekid if t
H wGi;f &Sd av
aMumif;c&D;pOfrsm;udk zsuo
f rd ;f odrYk [kwf
vrf;aMumif;ajymif;í qif;oufcahJ Mumif;
od&onf/
*syefavaMumif;vkid ;f ESihf All Nippon
avaMumif;vkdif;rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;onf
ulrmrkdwkdavqdyfrS xGufcGmrnfh av
aMumif;c&D;pOf &SpfckESifh ¤if;avqdyfodkY
qku
d af &mufrnfh avaMumif;c&D;pOf av;ck

wkdYudk zsufodrf;cJhNyD; tjcm;c&D;pOfwpfck
udkvnf; vrf;aMumif;ajymif; qif;ouf
apcJh&aMumif; od&onf/
atqkrd ;D awmifonf usL;½S L;uRe;f qG,f
taemufawmifbufwGifwnf&SdNyD; 19
ESpfwmumvtwGif; yxrqHk;tBudrf
aygufurJG jI zpfaMumif;? rD;awmifaygufuJG
rIaMumifh xGuaf y:vmaom ausmufw;kH
ausmufcrJ sm;ESihf rD;ck;d jymrIerf sm;onf rD;
awmifrS wpfuv
D rkd w
D mtuGmtxda&muf
&SEd idk zf ,
G &f adS Mumif; rk;d av0oynm&Sirf sm;
u owday;ajymMum;cJhonf/
Ref:Xinhua

yrmP0ifa&mufoGm;rnfhyrmP? ywf
oufvmrnfhtaetxm;rsm; xnfhoGif;
pOf;pm;aeygaMumif;? xdkYtwl aiGaMu;
azmif;yGrIESihftwl qufpyfNyD; vuf&Sd
EdkifiHawmf\0,fvdktm;? a&mif;vdktm;?
taetxm;? ukeaf ps;EIe;f Bu;D jrihv
f mrnfh
taetxm; ,if;tcsufrsm;onfvnf;
tvGefpOf;pm;&rnfh taetxm;jzpfyg
aMumif;? tjcm;aom jynfob
Yl @maiGEiS hf
OD;pm;ay;aqmif&Guf&rnfhudpörsm; u@
&yfrsm;wGif ckeu pDru
H ed ;f ESiyhf wfoufNy;D
wifjyrIü rnforYdk nfyykH wfoufNy;D xdcu
kd f
vmEdkifrnfenf;? ,kwfavsmhoGm;Edkifrnf
enf;xdt
k csurf sm;udk qufpyfpOf;pm;aeyg
aMumif;? xkdYtwl t"duusonfrmS ukeaf ps;
EIef;BuD;jrihfrIESihftwl jynfolvlxktay:
wGif xdcu
kd yf wfoufvmrnfh taetxm;
rsm;udk rdrw
d pYkd Of;pm;oH;k oyfaeygaMumif;?
þae&mwGif tpkd;&0efxrf;r[kwfonfh
jynfov
l x
l t
k ydik ;f udk rdrw
d x
Ykd nfo
h iG ;f pOf;
pm;&rnft
h aetxm;jzpfygaMumif;? tMurf;
zsi;f taejzihw
f ifjy&rnfqykd gu 0efxrf;
onf vuf&SdaeYpm;tygt0if? umuG,f
a&;tygt0if? NrdKUjy0efxrf;tygt0if
wpfoef;av;ode;f cef&Y rdS nf[k ceYrf eS ;f &yg
aMumif;? rdrdwdkYvlOD;a&onf 51 oef;
ausmf&Sdonhfteuf usefonfhoef; 50
aomjynfolvlxk\ xdcdkufywfoufrI
udk t"duxm;pOf;pm;aeygaMumif;? ,cif
u wdk;ay;cJhonfrsm;ESihfywfoufNyD; ay;
um;ay;\ r&? vpmwdk;vdkufonfESihf
ukefaps;EIef;BuD;jrihfonfh tcsufrsm;ukd
vnf; xnfo
h iG ;f pOf;pm;aeonfukd wifjy
tyfygaMumif;? vpmwd;k &eftwGuf rdrw
d Ykd
tcGefaiG&&Sdap&ef BudK;yrf;aqmif&Gufae
ygaMumif;? tjcm;aom0efBu;D Xmersm;tyg
t0if pD;yGm;a&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u EdkifiH
awmf\0ifaiGwdk;wuf&&Sdap&ef vkyf&yg
rnf? BuKd ;yrf;aqmif&u
G &f ygrnf? ukex
f w
k f
pGrf;tm;rsm; wdk;wufap&efvkyfaqmif&
ygrnf? 0efaqmifru
I @rsm;wd;k wufap&ef
vkyfaqmif&ygrnf? xkdrS&onfh 0ifaiG
taetxm;rsm;wd;k wufvmNy;D oH;k aiGEiS hf

&aiG rQwrSomvQif Balance Budget jzpf
Edik rf nfjzpfum rrQwygu Deficit Budget
vkdaiGjybwf*sufjzpfaeygaMumif;? vuf
&Sdtaetxm;wGif vdkaiGjybwf*sufjzpf
aeum vdkaiGudkvuf&SdjynfwGif;a<u;NrD
taejzihf usefaejcif;jzpfygaMumif;? ,ck
ESpw
f iG f vdak iGtaejzifh &mcdik Ef eI ;f tm;jzihf
S f
5 &mcdik Ef eI ;f udk (Frame) abmifowfrw
xm;NyD; xdkatmufodkYa&mufatmif xdef;
xm;Edik af omfvnf; ,cifEpS rf sm;? ESpaf ygif;
rsm;pGmwifvmonfh jynfwGif;a<u;NrD
rsm;onf rdrdwdkYqufvufay;acs&rnfh
taetxm;jzpfaeonfhtwGuf ,if;
tcsufrsm;udkvnf; xnfhNyD;pOf;pm;&
rnfjzpfygaMumif;? OD;0if;oef; wifjyoGm;
onft
h wdik ;f 0ifaiG&&Sad p&ef BuKd ;pm;onfh
taejzifh wpfzufuBuKd ;pm;ouJo
h Ydk wpf
zufuvnf; oH;k aiGupkd pd pfonft
h aejzihf
pDru
H ed ;f rsm;udk rvkyo
f iho
f nfph rD u
H ed ;f rsm;
rvkyzf q
Ykd o
kd nfrmS pOf;pm;oiho
f nft
h csuf
jzpfygaMumif;? odaYk omfvnf; vuf&t
dS ae
txm;t& rdrw
d u
Ykd ek x
f w
k v
f yk rf rI sm; rnf
rQwdk;wufaeoenf;? 0ifaiGrsm;rnfrQ
&Edkifygoenf;? &Edkifonhf taetxm;
rsm;t& 0ifaiGonf vdkaiGjybwf*suf
udkumrdonfh 0ifaiG&&SdNyDvm; ponf
wdu
Yk v
kd nf; xnfo
h iG ;f pOf;pm;ay;&efvykd g
aMumif;? vpmwd;k &ef ,ckEpS f 2015-2016
wpfckom rdrdwdkYpOf;pm;ír&bJESifh
aemifa&&Snf rdrdwdkYtwnfjyKxm;onfh
ESpf&S nf? ESpfvwfpDrHudef;rsm;udkvnf;
xnfo
h iG ;f pOf;pm;rnfjzpfovdk Sustainable
a&&Snw
f iG f rdrw
d EYdk idk if \
H 0ifaiG? oH;k aiGrsm;
udkrQwap&efvnf; xnfhoGif;qufpyf
pOf;pm;oifyh gonf[k rdrt
d aejzifh wifjy
vdkygaMumif;? xkdYtwl 0efxrf;rsm; vpm
wd;k jri§ ahf &;udpEö iS yhf wfoufNy;D aemufq;kH
tcsKyftaejzifh
EdkifiHawmfb@mrS
b,favmufyrmPudk rlwnfay;Ekdif
rnfenf;? ,if;yrmPudk rdrw
d w
Ydk u
G cf suf
pOf;pm;&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? rdrdwifjy
aejcif;onf ray;csifí (Complaint)
qifajcwufonfh taetxm;r[kwf

xkdif;a&G;aumufyGJrS
'Drdkua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;a&;twGuf awmif;qdk
xm;aMumif;? odaYk omfvnf; a&G;aumufyo
JG nf 18 v
eD;yg;Mum aESmifah ES;MuefMY umoGm;Edik af Mumif; Ny;D cJo
h nfh
&ufowåywfu y&m,koEf iS ahf qG;aEG;Ny;D aemuf 'kw,
d
0efBuD;csKyfESifh umuG,fa&;0efBuD;wm0efudk yl;wGJ
xrf;aqmifvsuf&Sdonfh y&m0pf0kefql0rfu ajym
Mum;cJhonf/
ppfbufqikd &f m tmPmydik rf sm;onf ppftyk cf sKyaf &;
trde½Yf yk o
f rd ;f rnft
h pDtpOfujkd iif;y,fcNhJ y;D aemuf&uf
rsm;wGif a&G;aumufyGJusif;yrnfhtpDtpOf a&TUqdkif;
onfh owif;rsm;xGufay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/
xdik ;f Edik if w
H iG f vaygif;rsm;pGmjzpfymG ;cJah om Edik if aH &;
qlyt
l <kH urIrsm;udk tqH;k owfap&ef ppfbufrt
S mPm
odr;f ,lcjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; y&m,kou
f ajymMum;cJah omf
vnf; qlyltHk<urIudktaMumif;jyí tmPmodrf;,l
cJhjcif;jzpfonf[k jypfwifa0zefcsufrsm;xGufay:cJh
Ref: Reuters
aMumif; od&onf/

ygaMumif;? jzpfoifjh zpfxu
kd o
f nfukd pOf;pm;
&eftwGuf wifjyvdkjcif;jzpfygaMumif;?
wdkuf½dkuftaxmuftuljzpfrnfh vpm
wdk;jr§ifhay;a&;udpöudk pOf;pm;aqmif&Guf
ay;&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? oifhwifhrQw
aom Ekid if aH wmfbwf*sut
f aejzifv
h nf;
Sustainable jzpfaom? tem*wfwGif
vnf; aemifwufvmrnfh aemifomG ;rnfh
tpdk;&onfvnf; qufwkdufaqmif&Guf
ay;Ekdifonfh rQwaomp&dwfrsm;jzpf&ef?
rQwaomvpmrsm;jzpf&ef xnfhoGif;
pOf;pm;&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? pOf;pm;onfh
tydkif;wGif wkduf½dkuftaxmuftul
jzpfovdk oG,0f u
kd t
f axmuftuljzpfonfh
0efxrf;rsm;udu
k se;f rma&;apmifah &Smufr?I
ynma&;axmufyrhH ?I aea&;tultnDay;rI
,if;wku
Yd kd rdrw
d b
Ydk wf*sux
f u
J yif aqmif
&Guaf y;&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? ,if;udak qmif
&Gufay;jcif;onf 0efxrf;rsm;udk vpm
taejzifh xnfhay;vdkufjcif;r[kwfaomf
vnf; 0efxrf;rsm;\ oufomacsmifcsd
a&;twGuf bwf*sux
f u
J aqmif&u
G af y;
&rnfjzpfygaMumif;? ,if;okv
Yd yk af y;vdu
k f
onfh oG,f0dkuftaxmuftulrsm;onf
0efxrf;rsm;omru ckeu rdrdajymonfh
oef; 50 aom jynfov
l x
l t
k m; vma&muf
Ny;D ywfoufrnfjzpfonft
h wGuf wku
d ½f u
kd f
jzpfonf0h efxrf;rsm;udk oifw
h ifrh Qwaom
bwf*surf aS e axmufyahH y;Ekid o
f nfh vpm
udkrdrdwkdYaxmufyHhay;rnfjzpfygaMumif;?
xkjYd yif 0efxrf;rsm;tygt0if jynfov
l x
l k
udk taxmuftuljzpfrnfh aiGvHk;aiG&if;
toHk;p&dwfxJrS usef;rma&;? ynma&;?
aexkid af &; toH;k p&dwrf sm;udv
k nf; aiGv;kH
aiG&if;p&dwu
f oH;k pG&J efvykd gaMumif;? ,if;
oH;k pGrJ o
I nf 0efxrf;rsm;wGiv
f nf; 0efxrf;
vpmwd;k ouJo
h Ydk oG,0f u
kd t
f axmuftul
jzpfNyD; 0efxrf;rsm; oufomacsmifcsda&;
udv
k nf; rdrw
d w
Ydk pfawG BuKd ;yrf;aqmif&u
G f
oGm;&rnfh taetxm;jzpfonfudk &Sif;
vif;wifjytyfygaMumif;jzifh ajymMum;cJh
onf/
(owif;pOf)

ubl;vfNrdKYwGif NAdwdoQoH½kH;ykdif,mOfwpfpD;wkdufcdkufcH&
ig;OD;aoqkH;
ubl;vf

Edk0ifbm

27

tmz*efepöwefEidk if H ubl;vfNrKd Uta&SUykid ;f ü Ek0d ifbm 27 &uf eHeufyidk ;f
wGif NAw
d o
d Qo½H ;Hk ykid f oHcsyu
f m,mOfwpfp;D ukyd pfrw
S x
f m;onfh taocH
um;AkH;cGJwkdufckdufrIwpfckjzpfyGm;cJh&m tenf;qkH;ig;OD;aoqkH;cJhNyD; tjcm;
34 OD; 'Pf&m&&SdcJhaMumif; od&onf/
tqkyd gwku
d cf u
dk rf o
I nf ,mumawmhNrKd U *svmvmbwfvrf;ay:wGif
eHeuf 10 em&DcGJu jzpfyGm;cJhjcif;jzpfNyD; azmufcGJa&;ypönf;rsm; wyfqif
xm;aom ,mOfwpfpD;onf oH½kH;ykdifoHcsyfum,mOfwpfpD;ukd 0ifwkdufcJh
jcif;jzpfaMumif;? tqkyd gwku
d cf u
dk rf EI iS phf yfvsO;f í NAw
d o
d Qo½H ;Hk u twnf
jyKajymMum;cJah omfvnf; um;twGi;f &Sd vlrsm;ESiyhf wfoufí tao;pdwf
tcsuftvufrsm;ukd xkwfazmfajymMum;cJhjcif;r&SdaMumif; a'owGif;
owif;Xme\ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/
tqkyd gwku
d cf u
dk rf o
I nf rnfonft
h zGUJ \vufcsujf zpfonfudk wdwd
ususrod&ao;aMumif; vkHNcHKa&;owif;t&if;tjrpfwpfcku qif[Gm
Ref: Xinhua
owif;XmeokdY ajymMum;cJhonf/

20 bmomjyefaqmif;yg;ESifh jynfwGif;owif;

28-11-2014

tar&duefwdkhaxmufyHhaeaom qD;&D;,m;olykeftzGJ hrsm; or®wtmqwfESifh
IS tpGef;a&muftzGJ hrsm;\ wkdufckdufrItMum;wGif tvl;tvJcHae&
rmufydkif; tpf'vpf
qD; j&Dy;nf,m;aj
e,f&Sd qD;&D;,m;awmfveS f
a&; wyfO;D olyek t
f zGUJ onf bm&Smtmqwf
udk qefYusifMuolrsm;jzpfNyD;
olykef
acgif;aqmifrSm *sr,frm½kzfjzpfonf/
¤if;tzGUJ onf oabmxm;aysmah ysmif;
aomtzGUJ jzpfí tpGe;f a&muform;rsm;jzpf
Yd dk wku
d cf u
kd af csreI ;f ypfvrd rfh nf
aom IS wku
[k tar&duefwkdYu arQmfrSef;xm;aomf
vnf; ,ckvapmapmydik ;f u t"duwdu
k yf JG
wpfcw
k iG f t,fvu
f ikd 'f gwku
d cf u
kd af &;orm;
rsm;\xkd;ppfudkrcHEkdifbJ csufcsif;NydKuGJí
tcsKdUvufeufcsolcs? opömazmufNyD;
tpGef;a&mufrsm;bufodkY ajymif;0ifMu
olrsm;uvnf; ajymif;0ifomG ;MuaMumif;
od&onf/
qD;&D;,m;awmfvSefa&; wyfOD;olykef
tzGJUtaejzifh IS wdkY\t&Sdefjr§ifhxkd;ppf
udk &ifqdkifae&NyD; wpfcsdefwnf;rSmyif
¤if;wdt
Yk m;xm;&aom MoZmtmPmBu;D
onfh wyfrSL;rsm;rSm wpfOD;NyD;wpfOD;
owfjzwfcHaeMu&onf/ vGwfvyfaom
qD;&D;,m;wyfzUJG (Free Syrian Army) \
ed*Hk;ydkif;jzpfNyD; tpövmrfrpfapmfbGm;EdkifiH
\ tpydkif;[lí tpf'vpffNrdKU tpkd;&
qefYusifbuftzGJUrS tvmt,f-'if;u
taemufEdkifiHrsm;rS axmufcHyhHydk;aom
olyek t
f zGUJ rsm;udk &nfñeT ;f í ajymcJo
h nf/
,ckESpf IS wdkYudk wdkufckduf&mwGif
olykefrsm;axmifESihfcsDí usqHk;cJh&onf/
qD;&D;,m;or®w bm&Smtmqwftm;
jzKwcf s&ef BuKd ;yrf;rIukd wl;NzKd ypfaomppfyJG
jzpfaeonf/ qD;&D;,m;wGi&f adS om t,fvf
udkif'gtzGJUcGJjzpfonfh EsLq&mz&efY
d cf u
dk cf hJ
tzGUJ onf ,cifu IS tzGUJ udk wku
onf/ ,ckqdkvQif t,fvfudkif'gtzGJUcGJ
EsLq&mz&eft
Y zGUJ onf IS tzGUJ ESiyhf ;l aygif;
vufwí
JG wku
d cf u
dk o
f mG ;&ef oabmwlnD
cJhaMumif; od&onf/
EsLq&mz&efYtzGJU\ t"dur@dKifrSm
Yk ykd pfrw
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11/27/2014 9:15:45 PM

tEkynmowif; 21

28-11-2014

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11/27/2014 8:38:12 PM

aMumfjim 23

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(3) 27-10-2014
(4) 10-11-2014

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(5)24-11-2014
(6) 8-12-2014
(7)22-12-2014
(8) 5- 1-2015

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(10) 2-2-2015 ( jynfUNyD;)
(11) 16-2-2015 ( jynfUNyD;)
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24

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pm- 19 okdh