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How to Prepare for the Bar

Atty. Reiner Yebra


Theres no need to reinvent the wheel.
Preparing for the bar entail physical preparedness, emotional psychological,
emotional, even financial preparedness.
The bar is not a difficult subject, it is just complex.
1. Be at peace with your self. You dont need emotional baggage. You need to
FOCUS.
a. Forgive everyone
b. Ask forgiveness
2. Prepare your materials, books and reviewers.
a. Codals: hindi lahat ng provision ng codal kailangan mong basahin.
b. You must have atleast one reviewer.
i. Ex. Political Law Nachura
c. You dont need to read your materials two or three times.
d. READ TO COMPREHEND. READ TO UNDERSTAND
e. Objective: read it once and fully understand.
f. FORCE YOURSELF TO READ AND UNDERSTAND NG ISANG BASA
LANG.
g. MEMORY AIDS your main is your codal, second is your reviewer and
your last is the memory aid. It helps you to memorize, it does not help
you to understand. This is a universal truth.
i. Read your memory aid during your downtime.
ii. Ang gumagawa ng memory aid ay student and students
tendency is to make it comprehensive like a text book.
iii. If you dont like memory aids: use notes like Jara Notes for light
reading.
3. Make your study area conducive for studying.
a. use ear plugs
i. wala ka tlaga marinig
ii. signals to other people not to disturb you
Goal: Setting to turn yourself into a machine.
Table is arranged is such a way you know where your pens and codals are.
Ceiling: may nakadikit na papel: Theres plenty of time to sleep when youre
dead.

4. Count the days to the bar.


a. Try to make a system: hindi pwedeng bara-bara.
b. Divide the number of days you have to 8 (subjects).
What to study for Ethics?
a. Code of Professional Responsibility
b. Canon of Judicial Ethics
c. Lawyers Oath
Buy a calendar planner. This will be your guide because you may loose track
of time. If wala, gumawa kayo. Get a paper and assess yourself: rank the subjects
from 1-8. Ask yourself per subject kung maalam ba ako dito? Or, mahina ako dito?
Determine your level of proficiency. Ex (Yebras Personal) 1. Remedial Law 2. Civil
Law 3. Commercial Law 4. Taxation Law 5. Criminal Law 6. Political Law 7. Labor
Law 8. Ethics. Example: (Top 4: 20 days) Kailangan hindi mo ma exhaust lahat ng
target days mo. You need extra 10-15 days as buffers days kasi malamang
magkakasakit kayo or cram days. PLOT IN YOUR CALENDAR PLANNER. Then write
the material that youll use: first: study codals- three or four days. Then study
reviewer.
MASTER THE CODAL AND YOU WILL PASS THE BAR.
In POLI LAW: 1987 Consti provision. Read Art 1-8. Art. 17.
Admin Law: no need to read code: just Nachura
International Law: No Codals
Election Law: Book in UP law center Florence Silbay
: magulo elec law natin kasi madami, you dont know whats
Labor: Read Codal
GSIS and SSS Law
And doctrines
Civil Law: Codal and Family Code and Adoption
Taxation Law: Tax Code, include VAT and
:consti provision on tax and local government code.
Commercial Law: Read Nego, Insurance, Transpo, Corpo
IP n SRC: Reviewer nalang
Special law: extrajudicial foreclosure
Criminal Law: Use codal in book 1. For book 2: Use reviewer.
Illegal possession of firearms: know the effects
Remedial law: Civil Pro and Evid very important, SCA Book 1
:all the writs Data, Amparo, Kalikasan

Why do you have to read the codal?


Ang batas ay isang malaking storya lang yan. Dont focus on one
article lang. Be conscious of its interplay. See the law as one big story. Browse what
is important. Ex. Section 1. DONT MEMORIZE CODAL PROVISIONS. What is the law
trying to tell me? Get the big picture. Start with your codal as your map. Studying the
law is like a walk in the forest: you look at everything the birds, the trees, the sky,
etc.
When youre taking the bar, you should think like a lawyer. Have a working
knowledge of the law in general. You want to make it good in the bar, tiisin nyo ang
codal.
After codal, read your reviewers. Usually, 100 pages a day. Develop a system.
Sa umpisa and codal mahirap. Its so boring.
Wake up: 7am
Bath and Eat: 1 hour.
Study: 8-12
Lunch Break: 12-1
Study: 1-5
Dinner: 6-7
Dapat ang break time should not be Saturday. Because sa Bar, Saturday is
crunch time. Date time: Sunday Night or Monday Morning.
Red notes or red book: just choose one. Very important: read the case digest.
Read the cases where the ponente is the chairman.
Move on to the next subject even if you dont finish one subject.
Pre-week: September if the bar is on October.
ATTEND PRE-WEEK LECTURES/REVIEWERS. BAR is a game of probability.
And lecturers are more adept in predicting kung anu ang mga lalabas.
Doggie Bag: Mineral Water. Energy Drink. Banana. Energy Drink. Meds to
control bowel movement.
You play with the cards you are dealt with.
During the Bar:
1. What the first thing youll do? Count the number of questions.
2. And divide the number of minutes to the questions. So youll know how much
time youll spend with each question.
3. Always bring your watch.
4. Read directions carefully.

5. In answering MCQs: look for the wrong answer. Process of elimination or


deduction.
6. Use a simple language. Dont use legalistic words. Use elementary language.
7. Do not cite specific provisions or cases.
8. In citing just say: the law states jurisprudence provides.
9. Dont use former or latter
10. In answering essay, it can be categorized into two: simple question. Is the
contention valid? When the question says: decide the case. A more elaborate
answer is required.
HOW YOU SHOULD ANSWER ESSAY QUESTIONS?
1. Traditional way. First sentence is the conclusion. Second: cite basis. Third,
in the case, application. Fouth, therefore or the repetition of the question.
Dont impress the examiner.
Decide on the outcome that you want then take action Accept the truth
that you will make a mistake.
2. Syllogism. Major, minor then conclusion. This is direct to the point.
Practice answering questions. Polish your method of answer. When youre
answering, use indentation. Have a margin.
If you missed a number: just put a note N.B. my answer to number (that you
missed) is on the last page.
How to attack a problem? Bakit hindi makaperfect sa essay?
4 Pillars or Parameters
1. Do not panic.
2. Read the questions carefully.
3. Address all issues.
4. Answer all questions.
We fear, those which we do not understand
Panic is your first enemy. You need clarity of mind. All questions start with a single
idea. Now it is surrounded with relevant facts and irrelevant facts. In answering
essay type questions look for the correct issue. Read the questions 2 or 3 times.
First reading of the problem. Wag ka muna mag analyze. Wholistic. Look a the bigger
picture.
Second reading. Thats the time you start underline and cross out some of the facts.
Third reading. You are now reading for the purpose of answering.
Write sa side ng questionnaire mga key words. Thats the draft of your answer.
Nothing worth having is easy.
Bar exam is a numbers game.

Sometimes there are many issues. You are expected to address all these issues.
Ex. Necessary Deposit. In transportation law and the passenger is carrying a
baggage it is now a necessary deposit and not a contract of carrier. You must inform
the common carrier. Necessary deposit, only due diligence is required.