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Flite Software NI Ltd

Example: Sub-sea Natural Gas Pipe Heat Transfer
This example is one of many FluidFlow3 verification examples. This particular system was previously
modelled using the “Gas/dp” program which was widely accepted as producing results with a high
degree of accuracy. The “Gas/dp” program is however no longer in production/available.
This datasheet provides an overview of the results as calculated by both FluidFlow3 and “Gas/dp”.
System Design Data:
Volumetric Flow Rate:
Upstream Pressure:
Upstream Temperature:

6000000 m3/day.
70 Bar a.
80oC.

The design gas composition is as set out in Table 1 below. Figure 1 illustrates this data as entered into
FluidFlow3. It is worth noting at this point that FluidFlow3 allows the user to define any gas by either
mole % or weight %.
Definition of Gas Composition:

Mol %
4.0
3.0
82.0
8.0
2.0
1.0

Component
Nitrogen
Carbon Dioxide
Methane
Ethane
Propane
Isobutane

Table 1 – Design Gas Composition.

Figure 1 - Gas Composition as defined in
FluidFlow3.

System Data Entry:
The pipeline is modelled in three sections as follows;
Table 2 – Description of System Pipe Sections
Pipe
Section

Description

Diameter
(mm)

Length
(m)

Roughness
(mm)

U (W/m2K)

0.05

External
Temperature
(oC)
10.0

1

The portion of the riser pipe exposed to air

488.95

50

2

The portion of the riser pipe exposed to
sea (3mm polyethylene coating)

488.95

100

0.05

5.0

92.0

3

The portion of the pipeline running along
the sea bed (1.5mm PVC and 75mm
concrete)

488.95

100000

0.05

5.0

14.0

19.0

FluidFlow3 Hydraulic Consultancy Ltd | A Division of Flite Software NI Ltd | Block E |
Balliniska Business Park | Springtown Rd | Derry | BT48 0LY N. Ireland | T: 44 (0) 2871 279227 |
E: sales@fluidflowinfo.com | VAT: GB 516 667 624 | www.fluidflowinfo.com

0677 Out Velocity (m/s) 6. how the gas velocity decreases initially as the gas cools before it then increases as the gas expands along the pipeline.70 50.1 50. FluidFlow3 Hydraulic Consultancy Ltd | A Division of Flite Software NI Ltd | Block E | Balliniska Business Park | Springtown Rd | Derry | BT48 0LY N.178 Out Density (kg/m3) 50.9776 Heat Transferred (kW) 8979. Software FluidFlow3 Gas/dp In Temp.1 6.com . Figure 3 – Profile of gas velocity results for 100km pipeline. (oC) 80 80 Out Temp. Figure 2 – Profile of Density results for 100km pipeline. please contact our office as per the contact details set out below. (oC) 3.com | VAT: GB 516 667 624 | www.8 4. Note.0 5.934 In Pressure (bar a) 70 70 Out Pressure (bar a) 51.fluidflowinfo.991 In velocity (m/s) 6. Table 3 – Comparison of FluidFlow3 calculated results with “Gas/dp” results.1575 In Density (kg/m3) 50. Ireland | T: 44 (0) 2871 279227 | E: sales@fluidflowinfo.03 50.System Results: It can be seen from table 3 below that the results calculated by the “Gas/dp” program compare favourably to that of FluidFlow3. The above graphs provide a classic representation of a density and velocity profile along a gas pipeline. For further information on gas system modelling.6 9511 Figures 2 & 3 provide an illustration of the Density and Velocity profile as the gas flows along the length of the 100km buried pipeline.