You are on page 1of 5

Flag of South Korea

The Flag of South Korea, or Taegukgi (sometimes also romanized as Taegeukgi) is the national flag for
the Republic of Korea. It has three parts: a white background, a red and blue Taeguk, which is a red and
blue Taiji yin- and yang-symbol in the center, and four black trigrams, which are selected from the
original eight, on each corner of the flag
Design
The white background is a traditional Korean color. It represents peace and purity. The circle in the
middle is derived from the philosophy of yin and yang and represents the balance of the universe. The
blue section represents the negative cosmic forces, and the red section represents the opposing positive
cosmic forces. The trigrams together represent the principle of movement and harmony. Each trigram
(hangul: kwae) represents one of the four classical elements.

The four trigrams are described in this table:

Cardinal
Seasons
Name
directions Four
Nature
in Korean
virtues

Family

Four
elements

geon
(건 / 乾)

sky
(천
/ 天)

spring
east
(춘 / 春
(동 / 東)
)

humanity
(인 / 仁)

father
heaven
(부 / 父) (천 / 天)

ri
(리 / 離)

sun
(일
/ 日)

autumn
south
(추 / 秋
(남 / 南)
)

justice
(의 / 義)

daughter fire
(녀 / 女) (화 / 火)

gam
(감 / 坎)

moon winter
north
(월
(동 / 冬
(북 / 北)
/ 月) )

intelligence son
water
(지 / 智)
(자 / 子) (수 / 水)

gon
(곤 / 坤)

earth
(지
/ 地)

courtesy
(예 / 禮)

summer
west
(하 / 夏
(서 / 西)
)

mother earth
(모 / 母) (토 / 土)

Meanings

justice
(정의 / 正義)

fruition
(결실 / 結實)

wisdom
(지혜 / 智慧)

vitality
(생명력 /

the government sent the delegate of Lee Young-Sook to explore the possibility of the issue through the politician Li Hongzhang. At 1880. Thus. However. Li Hongzhang agreed with some parts of the proposal. after the separation. In response to the discussion. TheQing Dynasty agreed with Hongzhang. and reemerged with the ratification of the United States-Korea Treaty of 1882. 1882.[7] Dimensions . there were some proposals to create a flag. 1949. Park Yeong-hyo created a scale model of the Taegukgi to the Joseon government. Ma Jianzhong argued against the proposed idea of using the Flag of the Qing Dynasty and proposed a flag with a white background.[7] The issue was then shelved.[6] The most major proposal was described in the ‘Korea Strategy’ papers written by the Chinese delegate Huang Zunxian.Park Yeonghyo became the first person to use the Taegukgi in the Empire of Japan on 1882. In response to the proposal. the Joseon government officially promulgated Taegukgi to be used as the official national flag. but proposed that some other factors should be differed. The controversy arose after the delegate Lee Eung-Jun presented a flag similar to the flag of Japan to the Chinese officialMa Jianzhong. Although the delegate of the Empire of Japan had the Japanese national flag. with a half-red and half-black circle in the center. with eight black bars around the flag. Joseon Dynasty could not hang a corresponding flag.[8] On January 27.[7] On August 22. The issue began during the negotiations for the Japan-Korea Treaty of 1876. the proliferation of foreign negotiations led to a need for the national flag. The proposal was to incorporate the Flag of the Qing Dynasty for the Joseon Dynasty. a national flag did not exist and it was not considered important. but it is unknown how far the Joseon government explored this proposal. 1883. the current South Korean flag was used for the entire country. Before 1876.History The lack of the national flag only became an issue in 1876.[9] The current Korean flag was declared official by the government of South Korea on October 15. the flags divided into Flag of South Korea and the Flag of North Korea. in the Joseon Dynasty. but the issue was considered unimportant by the government.[7] Before the division of Korea.

1800) . the taegeuk and the four groups of bars. y. when South Korean government decided to provide standard specification for the flag.5/14 0."(대한민국 국기법 시행령)[10] There were no specification for shade of colors until 1997.3 186 Coated #C60C30 Blue 5. The groups of bars are put in the four corners of the flag.0PB 3. The colors are defined in legislation by the Munsell and CIE color systems: Scheme Munsell[12] CIE (x.1556.0R 4.1354. 6. The top of taegeuk should be red and the bottom of taegeuk should be blue.[11] and that specification was acceded by the National Flag Law in 2007.5 N/A N/A #FFFFFF Red 6.3194. The diameter of the circle is one-fourth of the diagonal. There are five sections on the flag. 0.0/12 0.5640.5 294 Coated #003478 Black N 0. 15. In October 1997. Presidential ordinance on the standard specification of the South Korean flag was promulgated.5 N/A N/A #000000 Early Taegukgi[edit]  Taegukgi of the Joseon Dynasty (before 1800)  Taegukgi of the Joseon Dynasty. King Jeongjo (ca.The width and length is in the ratio of 3 to 2. 0. Colors The colors of Taegukgi are specified on the "Ordinance Act of the Law concerning the National Flag of the Republic of Korea. Y)[12] Pantone[12] Hex triplet[12] White N 9.

March 1883)  Taegukgi by Park Yeong-hyo (September 1882)  Taegukgi (November 1882)  Taegukgi (1910)  . Flag of the Joseon Dynasty (Qing Empiretributary.

.S. postage stamp (1944)  Flag from 1945–1948 this flag is similar to the current flag with the exception of two of the four kwaes and a smaller version of the Taegeuk.Older version of the Taegukgi on a U.