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MEMB113

05 Introduction to AutoCAD

05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD

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Contents

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Overview & background

• Starting, interface & file system

• Basic drawing commands

• Basic editing commands

• View command

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Introduction

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

What is CAD?

Computer Aided Design and Draughting (sometimes known as CADD)

Generally, it is the use of computers in design and drawing processes

Traditionally, technical drawing are made using manual drafting. It is often require a lot of effort and time consuming particularly for large complex drawing.

CAD is being used widely in modern practice. The ability of computer that enable engineers to produce, revise, store and transmit original drawings has made it very important.

• Example of CAD software:

has made it very important. • Example of CAD software: – AutoCAD, PRO/Engineer, ID EAS, UNIGRAPHICS,
has made it very important. • Example of CAD software: – AutoCAD, PRO/Engineer, ID EAS, UNIGRAPHICS,
has made it very important. • Example of CAD software: – AutoCAD, PRO/Engineer, ID EAS, UNIGRAPHICS,

AutoCAD, PRO/Engineer, IDEAS, UNIGRAPHICS, CATIA,SolidWorks, etc.

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History of CAD

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Charles Barbage (1883) - developed idea for computer.

IC Chip Revolution => Micro-Computers and CAD.

1 st CAD demon by Ivan Sutherland (1963) - SKETCHPAD.

A year later IBM produced the first commercial CAD system.

Many changes has taken place since then, with the advancement of powerful computers.

With these developments, it is now possible to do all the designs using CAD including two- dimensional drawings, solid modeling, complex engineering analysis, production and manufacturing.

New technologies are constantly invented which make this process quicker, more versatile and more powerful.

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Advantages of CAD

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Easier Creation and Corrections - Working/detail drawings may be created more quickly and makings changes is more efficient than correcting drawings made by hand.

Better Visualisation of drawings - Many systems allow different views of the same object and 3D pictorial view.

Database of Drawing Aids - Designs and symbols can be stored for easy recall and reuse.

Increased Accuracy - Using the computer, the drawing can be produced with more accuracy.

Improved Filing - Drawings can be more conveniently filed, retrieved and transmitted on disks and tape.

Quick Design Analysis

Simulation and Testing

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Computer System & Component

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

A computer system consists of hardware and software.

Hardware is various pieces of physical equipment that comprise a computer system.

Software is the programs and instructions that permit the computer to operate. Software can be divided into two; application programs and operating system.

The hardware for a CAD system consists of the physical devices used to support CAD software. The hardware system consist of:

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

Computer Operating System

Display Devices

Input Devices

Output Devices

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AutoCAD

Why use AutoCAD?

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Wide of Use - 20,000 Installation World-wide

5 million user world wide

2 million student user world wide

Excellent Intro. To CAD - Cost Effectiveness - Sufficiently Complex

Linked to Other Softwares - e.g. ANSYS, 3D- Studio Max, etc.

Customized Application using high level programming language Auto-LISP

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AutoCAD

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

How AutoCAD is used?

Electronic Paper with Drawings and Editing Tools - Analogous to Manual Drafting

Valuable and More Efficient in Modifying Drawings. Object can be moved, copied, rotated, erased, redrawn, etc. Editing in AutoCAD is faster than in manual drawing.

Drawing Layers to Enhance Drawing and Visibility. AutoCAD provides a set of drawing layer which is equivalent to the engineering layers on working drawings.

Storage/database of Commonly used Object. Complex objects that are frequently used can be stored as symbol in the library. This would increase the productivity in the drafting work.

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Starting, Interface & File system

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Starting with AutoCAD 2002

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• How to start

– Click icon [AutoCAD 2002], or select from START menu [Start]>Program>MDT 6>AutoCAD2002

• How to start – Click icon [AutoCAD 2002], or select from START menu [Start]>Program>MDT 6>AutoCAD2002
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Starting screens • When AutoCAD
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Starting screens
When AutoCAD is started, two windows will be opened
AutoCAD 2002 and AutoCAD Today
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Starting screens

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• AutoCAD Today window – used to open or create new drawings

Open drawing tab Create new drawing tab Option to Start from Scratch or from Template
Open drawing tab
Create new drawing tab
Option to Start from Scratch or
from Template or Wizards
Unit

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AutoCAD main window

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Drawing area Cursor
Drawing area
Cursor
Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing area Cursor Pull down menu Icons/Toolbar UCS (User coordinate
Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing area Cursor Pull down menu Icons/Toolbar UCS (User coordinate
Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing area Cursor Pull down menu Icons/Toolbar UCS (User coordinate
Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing area Cursor Pull down menu Icons/Toolbar UCS (User coordinate

Pull down menu

Icons/Toolbar

UCS

(User coordinate

system)

Model & layout tab

Command prompt

area

down menu Icons/Toolbar UCS (User coordinate system) Model & layout tab Command prompt area Coordinate status

Coordinate status

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Creating new drawing

• To create new drawing:

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

– Template, Starting from scratch or Wizards

• Usually start from scratch

– In AutoCAD today window: Click on Create Drawings Tab

– In ‘Select how to begin:’ box, select Start from Scratch

– Click on Metric

Click on Create Drawings Tab – In ‘Select how to begin:’ box, select Start from Scratch
Click on Create Drawings Tab – In ‘Select how to begin:’ box, select Start from Scratch

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Initialising (New Drawing)

• Setting up drawing limit

– To define the drawing area and limit the grid display

– [menu] > Format > Drawing Limits…

– In command box:

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 • Setting up drawing unit –
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 • Setting up drawing unit –

• Setting up drawing unit

– [menu] > Format > Units…

– Drawing Unit Window

Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 • Setting up drawing unit – [menu] > Format > Units…

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Initialising (New Drawing)

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Setting up grid and snap

– Very useful tool, as a guide in drawing

• To activate:

– Click on button GRID or SNAP

in drawing • To activate: – Click on button GRID or SNAP • To modify the

• To modify the settings

– Right click on button GRID

– Select Settings…

settings – Right click on button GRID – Select Settings… Changing Grid and Snap setting Without

Changing Grid and Snap setting

settings – Right click on button GRID – Select Settings… Changing Grid and Snap setting Without

Without Grid

settings – Right click on button GRID – Select Settings… Changing Grid and Snap setting Without

Showing Grid

settings – Right click on button GRID – Select Settings… Changing Grid and Snap setting Without
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Opening and saving • To
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Opening and saving
• To open existing file
– [menu] >File>Open or press
CTRL+O
– Or click Open Icon
• To save drawing
– [menu] >File >Save or press
CTRL+S
– Or click Save Icon
Open Drawing Window
Save Drawing Window
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Printing

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Can be done from model view or from layout view (paper space)

• From model view (Make sure in Model Tab)

– [Menu] > File > Plot or CTRL +P or click Plot Icon

[Menu] > File > Plot or CTRL +P or click Plot Icon Paper size Plot area

Paper size

File > Plot or CTRL +P or click Plot Icon Paper size Plot area Preview Drawing

Plot area

Preview

File > Plot or CTRL +P or click Plot Icon Paper size Plot area Preview Drawing

Drawing

Orientation

Scale of

printout/plot

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Basic editing & drawing commands

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Using this guide

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Choosing an item from pull down menu

– [pd menu]

– Example:

• To draw straight line,

• [pd menu] >Design > Line

• Icon & button

– [icon item] or [button item]

– Example:

• To draw straight line click on [icon line]

• Type in command prompt – command: command type here {enter}

– Example:

• To draw a straight line type in

• Command: line {enter}

• You just have to type in the word line and press the key Enter (on the keyboard)

• The command is not case sensitive

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Basic stuff

• Definitions :

– Click

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Press once and release

• Also commonly used to refer to left-click

– Left-click

• Press left-mouse button (LMB) once and release

• Commonly used to pick or choose an item

– Right-click

• Press right-mouse button (RMB) once and release

• Commonly used to access pop-up menu

– Double-click

• Commonly referred to clicking left mouse button twice

– Click-and-drag

• Commonly referred to pressing left mouse button (and not releasing it) and move the mouse as required

• The left mouse button is released to finish the command

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Basic stuff

• How to draw:

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

– using mouse, point and click in drawing area

– Type in coordinates in command prompt window

• When using the mouse

– Recommended to use snap and grid as guide

– Set snap and grid spacing accordingly

and grid as guide – Set snap and grid spacing accordingly Grid Mouse Pointer Line drawn

Grid

Mouse Pointer

Line drawn

Set snap and grid spacing accordingly Grid Mouse Pointer Line drawn Command ‘line’ Points typed Type

Command ‘line’

Points typed

Type the points here

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Drawing straight line

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

e MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Line command • 3 methods

Line command

• 3 methods to execute the command

– By choosing [pd menu] > Draw > Line

– By clicking [icon Line]

– By typing in at command prompt command: line {enter} or command: L {enter}

prompt command: line {enter} or command: L {enter} • To draw a straight line – Using

• To draw a straight line

– Using mouse

– Using (typing) coordinate points

{enter} or command: L {enter} • To draw a straight line – Using mouse – Using
{enter} or command: L {enter} • To draw a straight line – Using mouse – Using

Line icon

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Drawing straight line

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Using a mouse

– Move the pointer to the desired location as start point

– Click

– Move the pointer to the second point, Click

– To end the line press Enter

– To continue, move the pointer to 3 rd point, Click

– Continue as required

– Use snap and grid as guides

2 nd point

3 rd point

4 th point
4 th point

End point

Start point

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Drawing straight line cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Using coordinate points, 3 methods:

– Absolute coordinate

– Relative coordinate

– Polar

Absolute coordinate

– Relative coordinate – Polar Absolute coordinate Relative coordinate 3 r d point (4,4) 4 th

Relative coordinate

coordinate – Polar Absolute coordinate Relative coordinate 3 r d point (4,4) 4 th point (2,2)

3 rd point (4,4)

coordinate Relative coordinate 3 r d point (4,4) 4 th point (2,2) 5 2 n d
4 th point (2,2) 5
4 th point (2,2)
5

2 nd point (1,4)

1 st point (1,1) Origin (0,0)

th point (4,1)

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Drawing straight line cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Polar relative coordinate

Drawing straight line … con t MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Drawing straight line … con t MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

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Drawing circle

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

– Use mouse or type in command prompt to specify point or value – similar to drawing straight line

• To execute circle command

– [pd menu] > Draw > Circle >

– [icon circle]

– At command prompt

command: circle

{enter} or command: c {enter}

Pull-down menu

command prompt command: circle {enter} or command: c {enter} Pull-down menu Command prompt Shortcut Icon Circle

Command prompt

Shortcut Icon

Circle command
Circle command
command prompt command: circle {enter} or command: c {enter} Pull-down menu Command prompt Shortcut Icon Circle

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3.2 Drawing circle cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Methods to draw circles

– Center and radius

– Center and diameter

– Two points circle

– Three points circle

– Tan, tan, radius

– Tan, tan, tan

Center and radius

[pd menu]

tan, radius – Tan, tan, tan Center and radius [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. Center point

Command prompt:

Tan, tan, tan Center and radius [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. Center point (2,4) 2. Radius,
Tan, tan, tan Center and radius [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. Center point (2,4) 2. Radius,

1. Center point (2,4)

2. Radius, 1.5

menu] Command prompt: 1. Center point (2,4) 2. Radius, 1.5 Note: mouse can be used to

Note: mouse can be used to place the center point and the radius of the circle

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MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing circle …cont Center and
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Drawing circle …cont
Center and diameter
[pd menu]
1. Center point (2,4)
Command prompt:
2.
Diameter, 3
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Two points

[pd menu]

2. Diameter, 3 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Two points [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. 1st point

Command prompt:

1. 1st point (0.5,4)

2. Diameter, 3 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Two points [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. 1st point

2. 2nd point (3.5,4)

2. Diameter, 3 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Two points [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. 1st point
2. Diameter, 3 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Two points [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. 1st point

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MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing circle …cont 3 points
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Drawing circle …cont
3 points
1. 1st point (2,5.5)
[pd menu]
2. 2nd point (2,2.5)
Command prompt:
3. 3rd point (3.5,4)
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Tan tan radius

3. Radius (1.5)

(3.5,4) 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Tan tan radius 3. Radius (1.5) 1. 1st object (line) [pd
(3.5,4) 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Tan tan radius 3. Radius (1.5) 1. 1st object (line) [pd

1. 1st object (line)

[pd menu]

Command prompt:

2. 2nd object (line)

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Drawing circle cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Tan tan tan

[pd menu]

Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Tan tan tan [pd menu] Command prompt: 1. Select 1

Command prompt:

1. Select 1 st line using mouse 2. Select 2 nd line using mouse

t line using mouse 2. Select 2 n d line using mouse 3. Select 3rd line

3. Select 3rd line using mouse

2 n d line using mouse 3. Select 3rd line using mouse Note: these 3 lines

Note: these 3 lines must exist on the drawing area before the circle can be drawn

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Drawing arc

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

– Use mouse or type in command prompt to specify point or value – similar to drawing circle

• To execute arc command

– [pd menu] > Draw > Arc >

– [icon arc]

– At command prompt

command: arc

{enter} or command: a {enter}

Pull-down menu

command prompt command: arc {enter} or command: a {enter} Pull-down menu Shortcut Icon Arc shortcut icon

Shortcut Icon

command prompt command: arc {enter} or command: a {enter} Pull-down menu Shortcut Icon Arc shortcut icon

Arc shortcut icon

Command prompt

command prompt command: arc {enter} or command: a {enter} Pull-down menu Shortcut Icon Arc shortcut icon

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Drawing arc cont

• Methods – many ways, most used

– 3 points

– Start, center, end

– Start, center, angle

– Start, end, radius

3 points

[pd menu]

center, angle – Start, end, radius 3 points [pd menu] Command prompt: MEMB113 | Dept. of

Command prompt:

– Start, end, radius 3 points [pd menu] Command prompt: MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 3. 3rd point (2,5) 2. 2nd
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 3. 3rd point (2,5) 2. 2nd

3.

3rd point (2,5)

2.

2nd point (1,3.5)

1.

1st point (2,2)

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Drawing arc …cont Start, center, end [pd menu] 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD
Drawing arc …cont
Start, center, end
[pd menu]
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Command prompt:

2.

end [pd menu] 05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD Command prompt: 2. Start, center, angle [pd menu] 2.

Start, center, angle

[pd menu]

TO AUTOCAD Command prompt: 2. Start, center, angle [pd menu] 2. MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical

2.

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

2. MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 3. End point (2,5) Center

3. End point (2,5)

Center point (2,3.5) 1. Start point (2,2)

3. Angle (90degree)

Center point (2,3.5) 1. Start point (2,2)

Command prompt:

Center point (2,3.5) 1. Start point (2,2) 3. Angle (90degree) Center point (2,3.5) 1. Start point

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MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing arc …cont Start, end,
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Drawing arc …cont
Start, end, radius
[pd menu]
3. Radius (1.5)
2. End point (3.5,3.5)
1. Start point (2,2)
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Command prompt:

end, radius [pd menu] 3. Radius (1.5) 2. End point (3.5,3.5) 1. Start point (2,2) 05

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Erasing/deleting & copy entity

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Erasing or deleting entity

– using mouse

• (2) click the entity to be erased - the entity will become dotted with several blue square

• (3) press Delete key

– to delete multiple entities, click all that need to be deleted and press Delete key

– can also use the command prompt to delete • command: erase {enter}

to be deleted and press Delete key – can also use the command prompt to delete

(1)

(2)

(3)

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copy

entity

• To copy entity

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

– can execute command from [pd menu] > Modify > Copy

– type in command prompt command: copy {enter}

• select on entity/entities to be copied

• press Enter key after selecting entity/entities

• select base point

• select position of the entity to be placed

– selecting can be done by mouse or typing the coordinate of the entity (touching)

(1)
(1)

Command prompt:

(2)
(2)
(3)
(3)
(4)
(4)
– selecting can be done by mouse or typing the coordinate of the entity (touching) (1)

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Moving entity

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Moving entity/entities

– using [pd menu] > Modify > Move

– similar to copy entity

Command prompt:

Modify > Move – similar to copy entity Command prompt: – using mouse • select entity

– using mouse

• select entity - it will become dotted with blue squares

• click on the blue square in the middle

• move your mouse to the desired location

• click to place the entity on the new location

the middle • move your mouse to the desired location • click to place the entity
(1)
(1)
(2)
(2)
(3)
(3)
(4)
(4)

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Scale / Resize

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• To scale or resize entity – increase or reduce

– [pd menu] > Modify > Scale

(4)
(4)

– Or command: scale {enter}

– (2) Select entities to be scaled, press Enter

– (3) Select (click) base point, mouse can be used to scale the entities or type in scale factor at command prompt

Command prompt:

(1)base point, mouse can be used to scale the entities or type in scale factor at

(2)base point, mouse can be used to scale the entities or type in scale factor at

base point, mouse can be used to scale the entities or type in scale factor at
(3)
(3)
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Line types and line thickness
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Line types and line thickness
The line type need to be loaded before it can be used
[pd menu] > Format > Linetype…
Line Types
– Linetype Manager
dialog box will be
opened
– initially we only have
one line type which
is continuous
– click on [button
Load]
– another dialog box is
opened Load or
Reload Linetypes
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MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Line types – Choose the
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Line types
– Choose the types of
lines to be loaded by
clicking it from the
list
– click [button OK]
– the selected line will
be displayed in
Linetype Manager
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MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Line types Line types and
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Line types
Line types and line thickness drop down list box
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Before loading line types

r e l o a d i n g l i n e t y p

After loading line types (DASHED)

i n e t y p e s After loading line types ( DASHED) Line thickness

Line thickness

y p e s After loading line types ( DASHED) Line thickness – Select the required
y p e s After loading line types ( DASHED) Line thickness – Select the required

Select the required line type and line thickness

Draw the line, arc, etc

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Magnification (Zoom) • Change the
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Magnification (Zoom)
• Change the size of view, not size of
object
• Useful to draw small feature, to
view overall size, etc.
• Several options
Commonly used
Zoom window
– Zoom window
Zoom dynamic
– Zoom all
Zoom scale
• Can be accessed from
Zoom center
[pd menu] > View > Zoom
[icon zoom]
– Command: zoom {enter}
Zoom in
Zoom out
Zoom all
Zoom realtime
Zoom extents
- [pd menu] > View > Zoom > Realtime
- Or click [icon Zoom Realtime]
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MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Magnification (Zoom)…cont Zoom window –
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Magnification (Zoom)…cont
Zoom window
[pd menu] > View > Zoom >Window
[icon Zoom Window]
– Command: z {enter}
Use mouse to specify the window (click on one
corner, drag a rectangular window around the
area to be zoom, click on the opposite corner)
After
Before
1 st click and drag
the window
2 nd click
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Magnification (Zoom)…cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Zoom all

 

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[pd menu] > View > Zoom > All

 

[icon Zoom All] – Command: z {enter} • Command: a {enter}

 
Before
Before
After
After
 
 
 

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Magnification (Zoom)…cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Zoom realtime

 

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- [pd menu] > View > Zoom > Realtime

 

- Or click [icon Zoom Realtime]

Pan realtime Zoom realtime

 
- Cursor icon will change to magnifying glass

- Cursor icon will change to magnifying glass

- Cursor icon will change to magnifying glass

Zoom window

- Press LMB, move mouse up to zoom in,

- Press LMB, move mouse down to zoom out

- Press LMB, move mouse up to zoom in, - Press LMB, move mouse down to
- Press LMB, move mouse up to zoom in, - Press LMB, move mouse down to

Zoom previous

- Release LMB for the new view

 

Pan realtime

 
 

- Click [icon Pan Realtime]

 

- Cursor icon change to ‘hand’

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- Press LMB, move mouse to move view of screen

- Release mouse for the new view

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Pan cont

• To move the view of the drawing around the screen - left, right, etc

• To access command

– [pd menu] > View > Pan >

– [icon pan]

– command: pan {enter} or – command: p {enter}

• several options:

– most used - realtime

– others - left, right, up, down

• effect of pan similar to moving the scroll bar (horizontal & vertical)

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 • REDRAW – refresh display, removing

• REDRAW – refresh display, removing element such as markers left from editing commands

• REGEN – refresh display, recalculate all coordinates

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing text • 2 types
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Drawing text
2 types
– Multiline text
From pull down menu
– Single line text
Shortcut icon
Text icon
Single line text
Several ways
– Type in at command prompt
• Command: text {enter}
– [pd menu] > Draw > Text > Single Line Text
– After executing the command
– Click in drawing area or type in coordinates
for start point of the text
– Type in the height of the text
– Type in the rotation, if required
– Type in the text
– Pressing enter to go to the next line
– To end the command, press enter twice
adzly anuar © 2001-2005
05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD

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Drawing text cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

Multiline text

 
 

• Several ways

 

1

st corner

– Type in at command prompt • Command: mtext {enter}

– [pd menu] > Draw > Text > Multiline Text

Opposite corner

Opposite corner

 

– [Icon Multiline Text]

 

• To produce multiline text

– Activate the command

– Click on drawing area to specify the first corner, and click again to define the area where the text is to be drawn

 

– Multiline Text Editor window is displayed

 

– Type in the text in writing area, change its properties if required

 

– Click OK button to finish

 

adzly anuar © 2001-2005

Writing area

Italic

Underline

Writing area Italic Underline Font Size Bold C o l o u r Insert symbol

Font

Size

Bold

Colour

Insert symbol

Writing area Italic Underline Font Size Bold C o l o u r Insert symbol
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005 Drawing text …cont Properties tab
MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005
Drawing text …cont
Properties tab
Justify
Width (box)
Rotation
Line spacing tab
Change line spacing
adzly anuar © 2001-2005
05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD

05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD

adzly anuar © 2001-2005

Drawing aid: Object snap

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• Object snap or OSNAP

– Are functions to aid the drawing process, a very useful tool

– To snap on a geometric point on an object

– Can be turned off or on by clicking OSNAP button on status bar or press CTRL+F or F3 key

– When turned on, the cursor will jump or snap to the certain point on an object e.g. mid-point of a line or tangent of a circle

– Includes visual aid – AutoSnap

– Several OSNAP modes available, can activate any number at a time

Tangent Quadrant
Tangent
Quadrant
can activate any number at a time Tangent Quadrant Parallel Perpendicular Nearest Node Insert Endpoint Midpoint
Parallel
Parallel

Perpendicular

Nearest

Node

Insert

Endpoint

Midpoint

Center

Intersection

Extension Apparent Intersection

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adzly anuar © 2001-2005

Object snap cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

• OSNAP setting

– Right-click OSNAP button

– ‘Drafting Setting’ dialog box turns up

– Can be used to turn on or off object snap modes

– Symbols indicated by each mode are shown in drawing with yellow marker

used to turn on or off object snap modes – Symbols indicated by each mode are

05 INTRO TO AUTOCAD

adzly anuar © 2001-2005

Object snap cont

• How to use:

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

– You need to have an object on drawing area

– Then you need to be in a drawing command, e.g. CIRCLE, LINE, ARC, etc.

– Hover the mouse over the existing object,

• Yellow marker shows up with tool tip

• Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done

tool tip • Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done Endpoint Midpoint Intersection

Endpoint

tool tip • Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done Endpoint Midpoint Intersection

Midpoint

tool tip • Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done Endpoint Midpoint Intersection

Intersection

tool tip • Indicating what type of geometric point snap can be done Endpoint Midpoint Intersection

Example of OTRACK

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adzly anuar © 2001-2005

Object snap modes…cont

MEMB113 | Dept. of Mechanical Engineering | UNITEN | 2005

•

Endpoint

•

Snap to endpoint of the nearest entity, e.g. end of a line Midpoint

Snap to the midpoint of an entity, e.g. midpoint of a straight line, or arc

•

Center

Snap to the center of entity such as circle, arc or ellipse

•

Node

Snap to the nearest point (entity)

•

Quadrant

 

Snap to the quarter position on the circumference of an arc, circle or ellipse

•

Intersection

 

Snap to the intersection of two entities

•

Tangent

Snap to the tangent of entities such as circle, arc or ellipse

•

Nearest

Snap to the nearest point on an entities

•

Perpendicular

– Snap to the point perpendicular to an entity such as straight line

adzly anuar © 2001-2005

End of chapter [05]