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Sukuldhoka, Bhaktapur

SIMULTANEOUS EQUATION

[1 short (2 mark) or 1long (4 mark)]

Marking Scheme with Model Question-2065

The sum of the digits of two digits number is 7. If 27 is subtracted from

the number, the digits in the number are reversed. Find the number.

Solution:

Let the two digits number be 10x +y, where x and y are its digits in ten place and

unit place respectively

1st condition

x+y=7

i.e x=7-y.. (i)1

2nd condition

10x+y-27=10y+x

or 9x=9y+27

or x=y+3(ii)1

Equating (i) and (ii)

7-y=y+3

or 2y=4

or y=2

Putting the value of y in (i)

x=7-2

=51

Required two digit number 10x+y=52.1

Shorts questions

1) A number is twice the other, if their sum is 30. Find the numbers.

2)

of the age of a mother is the age of her daughter. If the difference of their ages be 35

3) If the sum of two numbers is 17 and their difference is 3, find the numbers.

4) If the sum of two numbers is 20 and their difference is 4, find the numbers.

5) Find the number which when multiplied by 11 and then diminished by 18 is equal to

15.

6) If a number is greater than another by 3 and their sum is 17, find the numbers.

7) When a number is increased by 25% it becomes 10, find the number.

8) The sum of a number and two third of it is 50. Find the number.

9) If the sum of three consecutive even integer is 72, find the numbers.

10) If the sum of three consecutive numbers is 186, find the numbers.

11) In a school uniform, the pant is expensive then the shirt by Rs 100. The total cost of a

pant and a shirt is Rs 475. Find the cost of each.

12) The ticket rate of Gaijatra Programme held in the city of hall is Rs 19.5 per ticket for

the adults and Rs 9.50 per ticket for the children. A family paid Rs 106 for 8 tickets.

What is the number of tickets bought of each category?

13) In a triangle, the sum and difference of two angles are 90 and 60 respectively. Find

the angles.

14) The sum and difference of opposite angles of quadrilateral are 180 and 32

respectively. Find the angles.

Long questions:

Age

1) Fathers present is twice of his sons age. 16 years ago fathers age was three times of

his sons age. Find their present ages.

2) One year after mothers age will be equal to 5 times of her daughter age. 2 years ago,

mothers age was equal to 3 times of her daughters age after 4 years. Find their

present ages.

3) A mother says to her daughter 5 years ago I was 5 times as old as you were but 10

years hence I shall be only twice as old as you will Find the present age of mother

and daughter.

4) 14 years ago, the age of mother was 4 times the age of her daughter. The present age of

mother is 2 times the age of her daughter will be 4 year hence. What are their present

ages? Find it.

5) Eight years ago, daughters age was thrice of the sons age. Now the daughters age is

4 years more than the sons age. Find their present ages.

6) Four years ago a father was 10 times as old as his son, 12 years hence he will be twice

as old as his son. How old are they now?

7) A year hence a father will be 5 times as old as his son. Two years ago the father was 3

times as old as his son will be 4 years hence. Find their present ages.

8) The ages of two girls are in the ratio of 5:7. Eight years ago their ages were in the ratio

of 7:13. Find their present ages.

9) In the year 2030 B.S. the fathers age was 5 times the age of his son and in the year

2048 B.S, it was two times. Find birth year of the son.

10) The sum of present ages of father and a son is 50. If they live until the son becomes

as old as the father is now, the sum will be 110 years. Find their present ages.

Two digits

11) The product of a two digit number is 12. If the places of the digits are reversed, the

new number is more than the previous number by 36. What is the number?

12) The sum of the digits of two digit number is 7. If 27 is subtracted from the number,

the digit in the number are reversed. Find the number.

13) A number of two digits is equal to the four times the sum of its digits. If 18 is added

to the number, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

14) A number of two digits whose sum is 9, if three times the number is equal to the eight

times the number formed by interchanging the digits. Find the number.

15) A two digits number is 3 timed the sum of it digits. The sum of the number formed by

reversing its digit and 9 is equal to 3 times the original number. Find the number.

16) A number of two digits is smaller than four times the sum of its digits by 3. If 36 is

added to the number, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

17) The sum of the digits in a two digits number is 11. The number formed by

interchanging the digit of the number will be 45 more than the original number. Find

the original number.

18) A number between 10 to 100 exceeds 4 times the sum of digits by 9. If the number is

increased by 18, the result is equal to the number formed by interchanging its digits.

Find the number.

19) A number of two digits is 3 more than 7 times the sum of its digits. If the places of

the digits are reversed, the new number so formed is decreased by 27. Find the

original number.

20) A number of two digits exceed 7 times the sum of its digits by 6. If 45 is subtracted

from the number, the digits are interchanged. Find the number.

21) A number of two digits is 36 less than the number with the digits reversed. If the unit

digit exceeds twice the ten digits by 1, find the number.

22) A number of two digits five times the sum of its digits, if the digit are interchanged

the new number thus formed is 9 more than the original number. Find the number.

23) A number of two digits exceed 4 times the sum of its digits by 3. If 36 is added to the

number, the digits are reversed. Find the number.

24) Find the number of two digits which is such that sum of the digits is 12 and the digit

in the unit place is three times than that in the ten places.

25) A number of two digits is four times the sum and three times the product of its digit.

Find the number.

26) A positive number consist of two digits, the quotient of these two digits being 3 and if

36 is subtracted to the number then the digits of the numbers are reversed. Find the

number.

Miscellaneous

27) Between two numbers the sum of adding 7 to the smaller number is twice the

greater number. If 4 is added to the greater number, the sum is thrice of the

smaller number. Find the numbers.

28) A fraction is reduced to the smallest term is 2/3. If 4 is added to the numerator

and 2 is subtracted from the denominator and reduced to the smallest term, 2 is

obtained. What is the original fraction?

29) The perimeter of a rectangle pond is 120m. The length is greater than its width by

10m. What is the area of the pond?

30) If the numerator of a fraction is multiplied by 4 and the denominator is reduced

by2, the result is 2. If the numerator of the fraction is increased by 15 and 2

subtracted from the double of the denominator the result is 9/7. Find the fraction.

31) If the numerator of a fraction is multiplied by 2 and denominator is decreased by

1 it becomes 1. But if the numerator is multiplied by 4 and denominator is

increased by 1, it becomes 3/2. Find the original fraction.

32) In a fraction, the numerator is less than the denominator. If 1 is added to the

numerator and 5 to the denominator, the fraction becomes . Find the original

number.

33) Gopal said to Krishna, If you give me half of your money, I shall have rs.100

with me. Krishna replied, I shall have Rs.100 with me if you give me only one

third of your money. How much did each have?

34) If Ram gives one of the marble from what he possesses to Sita then they will

have equal number of marbles. If Sita gives one of the marbles from what she

possess to Ram, then Ram will have double of the marbles with what Sita is left

with. Find the number of marbles possessed by each initially.

35) A bus departed at 9 pm from Kathmandu to Pokhara with a speed of 40 km pr

hour. After an hour, next bus also departed to Pokhara with a speed of 60 km per

hour. At what time will both the buses meet together?

36) Two motors are coming towards from two villages at a distance of 480 km. The

speed of the one is faster than the other by 6 km per hour. After 6 hours both

motors meet together. If both motors were departed at the same time, find the

speed of the each motor.

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