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Thegraphrelatestothemotionofafallingbody.
y

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time

Whichisacorrectdescriptionofthegraph?

y isdistanceandairresistanceisnegligible

y isdistanceandairresistanceisnotnegligible

y isspeedandairresistanceisnegligible

y isspeedandairresistanceisnotnegligible

Whichgraphrepresentsthemotionofacarthatistravellingalongastraightroadwithauniformly
increasingspeed?
A

time

time

displacement

displacement
0

time

time

A body, initially at rest, explodes into two masses M1 and M2 that move apart with speeds v1
andv2 respectively.
v1
Whatistheratio
?
v2
A

M1

M2

M2

M1

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C

M
M11 2
 
 M22 

M2 2
 
M11 
M

Amotoristtravellingat10 m s1 canbringhiscartorestinadistanceof10 m.
Ifhehadbeentravellingat30 m s1,inwhatdistancecouldhebringthecartorestusingthesame
brakingforce?
A

17 mB

30 mC

52 mD

90 m

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acceleration

acceleration

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2

Astoneisthrownupwardsfromthetopofacliff.Afterreachingitsmaximumheight,itfallspast
thecliff-topandintothesea.
The graph shows how the vertical velocity v of the stone varies with time t after being thrown
upwards.R andS arethemagnitudesoftheareasofthetwotriangles.
v

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0

S
t

0
R

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Whatistheheightofthecliff-topabovethesea?
A

R +S

R -S

Twosimilarspheres,eachofmassm andtravellingwithspeedv,aremovingtowardseachother.

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Thesphereshaveahead-onelasticcollision.
Whichstatementiscorrect?
A

Thespheressticktogetheronimpact.

Thetotalkineticenergyafterimpactismv2.

Thetotalkineticenergybeforeimpactiszero.

Thetotalmomentumbeforeimpactis2mv.

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7 Two railway trucks of masses m and 3m move towards each other in opposite directions with
speeds2vandvrespectively.Thesetruckscollideandsticktogether.
Whatisthespeedofthetrucksafterthecollision?
A


4




C v

5


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3

Awoodenblockofmass0.60 kgisonaroughhorizontalsurface.Aforceof12 Nisappliedtothe


blockanditacceleratesat4.0 m s 2.
4.0ms2
woodenblock

12N

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Whatisthemagnitudeofthefrictionalforceactingontheblock?

2.4 N

9.6 N

14 N

16 N

Aprojectileisfiredatanangle tothehorizontalataspeedu,asshown.

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Whatwillbetheverticalandhorizontalcomponentsofitsvelocityafteratimet ?
Assumethatairresistanceisnegligible.Theaccelerationoffreefallisg.
horizontalcomponent

u sin

u cos

u sin gt

u cos gt

u sin gt

u cos

u cos

u sin gt

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verticalcomponent

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10 Thegraphofvelocityagainsttimeforanobjectmovinginastraightlineisshown.
velocity

time

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Whichofthefollowingisthecorrespondinggraphofdisplacementagainsttime?

A
0

time

time

time

time

displacement
B
0

displacement
C
0

displacement
D
0

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displacement

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11 Aballisreleasedfromrestaboveahorizontalsurface.Thegraphshowsthevariationwithtimeof
itsvelocity.
1st
impact
2nd
impact

velocity

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3rd
impact

Y
0
time

release

ball
falling

ball
rising

ball
falling

ball ball
rising falling

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Areas X and Y areequal.


Thisisbecause
A

theballsaccelerationisthesameduringitsupwardanddownwardmotion.

thespeedatwhichtheballleavesthesurfaceafteranimpactisequaltothespeedatwhichit
returnstothesurfaceforthenextimpact.

foroneimpact,thespeedatwhichtheballhitsthesurfaceequalsthespeedatwhichitleaves
thesurface.

theballrisesandfallsthroughthesamedistancebetweenimpacts.

12 TwoblocksXandY,ofmassesm and3m respectively,areacceleratedalongasmoothhorizontal


surfacebyaforceF appliedtoblockXasshown.

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F

WhatisthemagnitudeoftheforceexertedbyblockXonblockYduringthisacceleration?
A

F
4

F
3

F
2

3F
4

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13 Acarwithfront-wheeldriveacceleratesinthedirectionshown.

Whichdiagrambestshowsthedirectionofthetotalforceexertedbytheroadonthefrontwheels?
A

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14 Aballofmass2 kgtravellingat8 m s1 strikesaballofmass4 kgtravellingat2 m s1.Bothballs
aremovingalongthesamestraightlineasshown.

2 m s1

2 kg

4 kg

2 kg

4 kg

Aftercollision,bothballsmoveatthesamevelocityv.
Whatisthemagnitudeofthevelocityv?
A

4 m s1

5 m s1

6 m s1

8 m s1

15
Whichfeatureofagraphallowsaccelerationtobedetermined?
A theareaunderadisplacement-timegraph
B theareaunderavelocity-timegraph
C theslopeofadisplacement-timegraph
D theslopeofavelocity-timegraph

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8 m s1

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16 A car is travelling
with uniform acceleration along a straight road.
The
road has marker posts

every100 m.Whenthecarpassesonepost,ithasaspeedof10
m s1and,whenitpassesthe

nextone,itsspeedis20 m s1.

Whatisthecarsacceleration?

B 1.5 m s2
A 0.67 m s2

C 2.5 m s2

D 6.0 m s2

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17
Atennisballisreleasedfromrestatthetopofatallbuilding.

Whichgraphbestrepresentsthevariationwithtimetoftheaccelerationaoftheballasitfalls,
assumingthattheeffectsofairresistanceareappreciable?

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0
D

C
a

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18
Amotorcyclestunt-ridermovinghorizontallytakesofffromapoint1.25
mabovetheground,

landing10
mawayasshown.

Whatwasthespeedattake-off?


A 5 m s 1
B 10 m s 1

C 15 m s 1

D 20 m s 1

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19
Aballfallsverticallyandbouncesontheground.

Thefollowingstatementsareabouttheforcesactingwhiletheballisincontactwiththeground.
Whichstatementiscorrect?
A Theforcethattheballexertsonthegroundisalwaysequaltotheweightoftheball.
B Theforcethattheballexertsonthegroundisalwaysequalinmagnitudeandoppositein
directiontotheforcethegroundexertsontheball.
C Theforcethattheballexertsonthegroundisalwayslessthantheweightoftheball.

D Theweightoftheballisalwaysequalinmagnitudeandoppositeindirectiontotheforcethat
thegroundexertsontheball.

000 kgis
20 Thediagramshowsasituationjustbeforeahead-oncollision.Alorryofmass20

1
1
travellingat20.0
m
s
towardsacarofmass900
kgtravellingat30.0
m
s
towardsthelorry.

20.0 m s

_1

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_1

30.0 m s

massofcar

900 kg

massoflorry

20 000 kg

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Whatisthemagnitudeofthetotalmomentum?

A 373 kN s

B 427 kN s

C 3600 kN s

D 4410 kN s

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21 WhichisnotoneofNewton'slawsofmotion?

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A The total momentum of a system of interacting bodies remains constant, providing no


externalforceacts.
B The rate of change of momentum of a body is directly proportional to the external force
actingonthebodyandtakesplaceinthedirectionoftheforce.

C IfbodyAexertsaforceonbodyB,thenbodyBexertsanequalandoppositely-directedforce
onbodyA.

D Abodycontinuesinastateofrestorofuniformmotioninastraightlineunlessactedupon
bysomeexternalforce.

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22
The diagram shows two pulses on the screen of a cathode
ray oscilloscope. A grid of 1 cm

squarescoversthescreen.Thetimebasesettingis1 s cm1.

1 cm

Howlongdoeseachpulselast?
A 2s

B 3s

C 4s

D 6s

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23
Aboythrowsaball verticallyupwards.Itrisestoamaximumheight,whereitismomentarilyat
rest,andfallsbacktohishands.
Which of the following gives the acceleration of the ball at various stages in its motion? Take
verticallyupwardsaspositive.Neglectairresistance.

rising

atmaximum
height

falling

9.81 m s2

+9.81 m s2

9.81 m s2

9.81 m s2

9.81 m s2

+9.81 m s2

+9.81 m s2

+9.81 m s2

+9.81 m s2

9.81 m s2

Whichgraphrepresentsthemotionoftheparticle?

distance

velocity

velocity

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24 Aparticleismovinginastraightlinewithuniformacceleration.

acceleration

0
0

time

0
0

time

time

0
0

time

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Thediagramshowsavelocity-timegraphforacar.
25
12

v / m s1 10
8

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0

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Whatisthedistancetravelledbetweentimet=0andt=4 s?
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B 3.0 m
C 20 m
D 28 m
A 2.5 m

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t/s

26
AprojectileislaunchedatpointOandfollowsthepathOPQRS,asshown.Airresistancemaybe
neglected.

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Q
P

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WhichstatementistruefortheprojectilewhenitisatthehighestpointQofitspath?
A Thehorizontalcomponentoftheprojectilesaccelerationiszero.

C Thekineticenergyoftheprojectileiszero.

D Themomentumoftheprojectileiszero.

27
Whatgivesthevalueofabodysacceleration?
A theareaunderitsdisplacement-timegraph
B theareaunderitsvelocity-timegraph
C thegradientofitsdisplacement-timegraph
D thegradientofitsvelocity-timegraph

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B Thehorizontalcomponentoftheprojectilesvelocityiszero.

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28 Acyclistisridingatasteadyspeedonalevelroad.

AccordingtoNewtonsthirdlawofmotion,whatisequalandoppositetothebackwardpushof
thebackwheelontheroad?

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A theforceexertedbythecyclistonthepedals
B theforwardpushoftheroadonthebackwheel
C thetensioninthecyclechain

D thetotalairresistanceandfrictionforce

29 Twoequalmassestraveltowardseachotheronafrictionlessairtrackatspeedsof60cms1and
40cms1.Theysticktogetheronimpact.

60cms1
40cms1

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Whatisthespeedofthemassesafterimpact?
1

A 10cms

D 50cms1

C 40cms

B 20cms

30
Thevelocityofanobjectduringthefirstfivesecondsofitsmotionisshownonthegraph.

20
velocity / m s1
15

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10

0
0

time / s
Whatisthedistancetravelledbytheobjectinthistime?
A 4 m

B 20 m

C 50 m

D 100 m

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31 Amotoristtravellingat10 m s1canbringhiscartorestinabrakingdistanceof10 m.

Inwhatdistancecouldhebringthecartorestfromaspeedof30 m s1usingthesamebraking

force?

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A 17 m

B 30 m

C 52 m

D 90 m

32
Anobjectacceleratesinadirectionthatisalwaysperpendiculartoitsmotion.
Whatistheeffect,ifany,oftheaccelerationontheobjectsspeedanddirection?

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speed

direction

changes

changes

changes

constant

constant

changes

constant

constant

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33
Thediagramshowsavelocity-timegraphforamassmovingupanddownontheendofaspring.

Whichpointrepresentsthevelocityofthemasswhenatthelowestpointofitsmotion?

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UP

velocity

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0
0

DOWN

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34
Anobjecthasaninitialvelocityu.ItissubjectedtoaconstantforceFfortseconds,causinga
constantaccelerationa.Theforceisnotinthesamedirectionastheinitialvelocity.

Avectordiagramisdrawntofindthefinalvelocityv.

u
X
v

WhatisthelengthofsideXofthevectordiagram?
A

Ft

at

u+at

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35
A stone is dropped from the top of a tower of height 40 m. The stone falls from rest and air
resistanceisnegligible.

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Whattimeistakenforthestonetofallthelast10 mtotheground?
B 1.4 s

A 0.38 s

C 2.5 s

Whatismeantbytheweightofanobject?
36
A thegravitationalfieldactingontheobject

B thegravitationalforceactingontheobject

C themassoftheobjectmultipliedbygravity
D theobjectsmassmultipliedbyitsacceleration

37 Amoleculeofmassm travellinghorizontallywithvelocityu hitsaverticalwallatrightanglestothe


wall.Itthenreboundshorizontallywiththesamespeed.

Whatisitschangeinmomentum?

D 2mu

A zero
B mu
C mu

38
Afootballisdroppedfromthetopofatallbuilding.

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Whichacceleration-timegraphbestrepresentsthemotionofthefootballthroughtheair?

acceleration

acceleration

time

acceleration

acceleration

0
time

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time

time

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39 The graph shows the variation with time of the momentum of a ball as it is kicked in a straight
line.

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p1
momentum

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t1

t2

time

p2

Initially,themomentumisp1attimet1.Attimet2themomentumisp2.

Whatisthemagnitudeoftheaverageforceactingontheballbetweentimest1andt2?
A

  2

t2

  2

t 2 t

   2

t2

   2
t 2 t

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40 Alorryofmass20 000 kgistravellingat20.0 m s1.Acarofmass900 kgistravellingat30.0 m s1


towardsthelorry.

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_1

20.0 m s

_1

30.0 m s

massoflorry

20 000 kg

massofcar

900 kg

Whatisthemagnitudeofthetotalmomentum?

A 209 kN s

B 373 kN s

C 427 kN s

D 1045 kN s

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41 Amassacceleratesuniformlywhentheresultantforceactingonit
A

iszero.

isconstantbutnotzero.

increasesuniformlywithrespecttotime.

isproportionaltothedisplacementfromafixedpoint.

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42
Whichisastatementoftheprincipleofconservationofmomentum?

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A Momentumistheproductofmassandvelocity.
B Momentumisconservedonlyinelasticcollisions.
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C Momentumisconservedbyallbodiesinacollision.
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D Momentumisconservedprovidingnoexternalforcesact.
43 AprojectileislaunchedatpointOandfollowsthepathOPQRS,asshown.Airresistancemaybe
neglected.
Q
R
P

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WhichstatementistruefortheprojectilewhenitisatthehighestpointQofitspath?
A

Thehorizontalcomponentoftheprojectilesaccelerationiszero.

Thehorizontalcomponentoftheprojectilesvelocityiszero.

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C Thekineticenergyoftheprojectileiszero.
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D Themomentumoftheprojectileiszero.

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44 TwomarkersM andM aresetupaverticaldistanceh apart.
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steelball
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timezero
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timet

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h
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2

M2

timet 2

Whenasteelballisreleasedfromrestfromapointadistancex aboveM1,itisfoundthattheball
takestimet1 toreachM1 andtimet2 toreachM2.
Whichexpressiongivestheaccelerationoftheball?
A

2h

t 22

2h

(t 2 +t 1)

2h
2
(t 2 t 1)

2h

2
(t 2 t 12)

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45 AbodyfallsfromrestinavacuumneartheEarthssurface.Thevariationwithtime t ofitsspeed v
isshownbelow.

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0
0

Whichgraphshowsthevariationwithtimet ofthespeedv ofthesameballfallinginairatthe


sameplaceonEarth?

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B
v

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

46 Twoequalmassestraveltowardseachotheronafrictionlessairtrackatspeedsof60 cm s1 and
30 cm s1.Theysticktogetheronimpact.
30 cm s1

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Whatisthespeedofthemassesafterimpact?
A

15 cm s1

20 cm s1

30 cm s1

45 cm s1

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60 cm s1

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47 Acaratrestinatrafficqueuemovesforwardinastraightlineandthencomestorestagain.The
graphshowsthevariationwithtimeofitsdisplacement.

70

displacement/m

60

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50
40
30
20
10
0

20

40

60

80 100 120 140


time/s

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Whatisitsspeedwhileitismoving?
A

0.70 m s1

0.80 m s1

1.25 m s1

1.40 m s1

48 Anobjectisdroppedfromagreatheightandfallsthroughairofuniformdensity.

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Theaccelerationoffreefallisg.

Whichgraphcouldshowthevariationwithtimet oftheaccelerationa oftheobject?


B

49 Whichofthefollowingisastatementoftheprincipleofconservationofmomentum?
A

Momentumistheproductofmassandvelocity.

Inanelasticcollision,momentumisconstant.

Themomentumofanisolatedsystemisconstant.

Theforceactingonabodyisproportionaltoitsrateofchangeofmomentum.

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50
Intheabsenceofairresistance,astoneisthrownfromPandfollowsaparabolicpathinwhich
thehighestpointreachedisT.ThestonereachespointQjustbeforelanding.

T
Q

Theverticalcomponentofaccelerationofthestoneis

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greatestatT.
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greatestatQ.
thesameatQasatT. www.studyguide.pk www.studyguide.pk

A zeroatT.
B
C

51
Whenacardriverseesahazardahead,sheappliesthebrakesassoonasshecanandbrings
thecartorest.Thegraphshowshowthespeedvofthecarvarieswithtimetafterthehazardis
seen.

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0
0

t2 t

t1

Which graph represents the variation with timet of the distance s travelled by the car after the
hazardhasbeenseen?


0
0

t1

t2

0
0

t2 t

t1

0
0

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t1

0
0

t2 t

t1

t2 t

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52
Anobjectfalls10.0 mfromrestbeforeenteringsomewater.

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Assumingnegligibleairresistance,whatisthetimetakentoreachthewaterandthespeedwith
whichtheobjectreachesthewater?

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time / ms

speed / m s1

1.02

10.0

1.02

14.0

1.43

10.0

1.43

14.0

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53 Aparticleofmassmstrikesaverticalrigidwallperpendicularlyfromtheleftwithvelocityv.

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v
m

rigidwall

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Ifthecollisionisperfectlyelastic,thetotalchangeinmomentumoftheparticlethatoccursasa
resultofthecollisionis
A 2mvtotheright.

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C mvtotheright.
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D mvtotheleft.
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Aballfallsverticallyandbouncesontheground.
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B 2mvtotheleft.

54

Thefollowingstatementsareabouttheforcesactingwhiletheballisincontactwiththeground.

A Theforcethattheballexertsonthegroundisalwaysequaltotheweightoftheball.

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Whichstatementiscorrect?

B The force that the ball exerts on the ground is always equal in magnitude and opposite in
directiontotheforcethegroundexertsontheball.

C Theforcethattheballexertsonthegroundisalwayslessthantheweightoftheball.

D Theweightoftheballisalwaysequalinmagnitudeandoppositeindirectiontotheforcethat
thegroundexertsontheball.

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55 AforceF isappliedtoafreelymovingobject.Atoneinstantoftime,theobjecthasvelocityv and
accelerationa.

Whichquantitiesmust beinthesamedirection?

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B a and F only

C v and F only
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D v, F and a

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a and v only

56
Afootballisdroppedfromthetopofatallbuilding.



Whichacceleration-timegraphbestrepresentsthemotionofthefootballthroughtheair?

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B
acceleration

acceleration

time

D
acceleration

acceleration

time

0
time

time

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57 Aconstantmassundergoesuniformacceleration.

Whichofthefollowingisacorrectstatementabouttheresultantforceactingonthemass?
A Itincreasesuniformlywithrespecttotime.
B Itisconstantbutnotzero.
C Itisproportionaltothedisplacementfromafixedpoint.
D Itisproportionaltothevelocity.

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timezero
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58
TwomarkersM1andM2aresetupaverticaldistancehapart.

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steelball

x
M1

M2

timet2

AsteelballisreleasedattimezerofromapointadistancexaboveM1.TheballreachesM1at
timet1andreachesM2attimet2.Theaccelerationoftheballisconstant.

Whichexpressiongivestheaccelerationoftheball?




C
B
A

2
t
t 2  t )
t 2  t )


2
t 2  t  )
2

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59
Acardriversharplypressesdowntheacceleratorwhenthetrafficlightsgogreen.Theresultant
horizontalforceactingonthecarvarieswithtimeasshown.

force
0

time

Whichgraphshowsthevariationwithtimeofthespeedofthecar?

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speed
0

speed
0
time

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0

time

D
speed

speed

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0
time

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time

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60 Astoneisprojectedhorizontallyinavacuumandmovesalongapathasshown.Xisapointon
thispath.XVandXHareverticalandhorizontallinesrespectivelythroughX.XTisthetangentto
thepathatX.
pathofstone

T
V

AlongwhichdirectionordirectionsdoforcesactonthestoneatX?
A XV

B XH

C XVandXH

D XT

61
Aparticleismovinginastraightlinewithuniformacceleration.

Whichgraphrepresentsthemotionoftheparticle?

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B

distance

velocity

time

velocity

time

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acceleration

0
time

time

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62
Whichisastatementoftheprincipleofconservationofmomentum?

A Aforceisequaltotherateofchangeofmomentumofthebodyuponwhichitacts.

B Inaperfectlyelasticcollision,therelativemomentumofthebodiesbeforeimpactisequalto
theirrelativemomentumafterimpact.

C Themomentumofabodyistheproductofthemassofthebodyanditsvelocity.
D The total momentum of a system of interacting bodies remains constant, providing no
externalforceacts.

63
Thegraphshowsvelocity-timeplotsfortwovehiclesXandY.Theaccelerationsanddistances
travelledbythetwovehiclescanbeestimatedfromtheseplots.

velocity / m s1
4

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time / s
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Whichstatementiscorrect?

A TheaccelerationsofXandYarethesameat2.5 s.
B TheinitialaccelerationofYisgreaterthanthatofX.
C ThedistancetravelledbyXisgreaterthanthattravelledbyYinthe5 speriod.
D ThedistancestravelledbyXandYinthe5 speriodarethesame.

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64
Aprojectileisfiredatanangletothehorizontalataspeedu,asshown.

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Whataretheverticalandhorizontalcomponentsofitsvelocityafteratimet?
Assumethatairresistanceisnegligible.Theaccelerationoffreefallisg.

verticalcomponent

usin

usin gt

ucos

horizontalcomponent

ucos

usin gt

ucos gt
ucos

usin gt

65 AforceFisappliedtoafreelymovingobject.Atoneinstantoftime,theobjecthasvelocityvand
accelerationa.

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Whichquantitiesmustbeinthesamedirection?
A aandvonly
B aandFonly
C vandFonly

D v,Fanda

66 Ablockofmass0.60 kgisonaroughhorizontalsurface.Aforceof12 Nisappliedtotheblock


anditacceleratesat4.0 m s 2.

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4.0 m s2
block
12 N

Whatisthemagnitudeofthefrictionalforceactingontheblock?
A 2.4N

B 5.3 N

C 6.7 N

D 9.6 N

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Whichofthesestatementsiscorrect?
A gisgravity.
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B gisreducedbyairresistance.
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C gistheratioweight / mass.
D gistheweightofanobject.
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67
Thesymbolgrepresentstheaccelerationoffreefall.

68
A particle moves along a straight line. A particular property K of the particle's motion is plotted

againsttime.
K

time

Atanytime,theslopeofthegraphistheaccelerationoftheparticle.
WhatisthepropertyK?
A thedisplacementoftheparticle
B thedistancetravelledbytheparticle
C thespeedoftheparticle

D thevelocityoftheparticle

69 Thediagramshowsacannonballfiredfromacannon.
cannon

cannon
ball

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Themassofthecannonis1000 kgandthemassofthecannonballis10 kg.


Therecoilvelocityofthecannonis5 m s1horizontally.
Whatisthehorizontalvelocityofthecannonball?
A 200 m s1

B 500 m s1

C 2000 m s1

D 5000 m s1

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70
Astoneisthrownverticallyupwards.Astudentplotsthevariationwithtimeofitsvelocity.

40

velocity / m s1
30
20
10
0

5 time / s 6

10
20
30

40

Whatistheverticaldisplacementofthestonefromitsstartingpointafter5seconds?

A 20 m

B 25 m

C 45 m

D 65 m

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71
Whichgraphrepresentsthemotionofacarthatistravellingalongastraightroadwithaspeed

thatincreasesuniformlywithtime?

acceleration

acceleration

0
0

time

0
0

displacement

0
0

displacement

time

0
0

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time

time

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72
Acarwithfront-wheeldriveacceleratesinthedirectionshown.

Which diagram best shows the direction of the total force exerted by the road on the front
wheels?
B

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73
Thediagramshowsavelocity-timegraphforacar.

12

velocity
/ m s1 10
8
6
4

0
0

4
time / s

A 2.5 m

B 3.0 m

C 20 m

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Whatisthedistancetravelledduringthefirst4.0 s?
D 28 m

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74
Astoneisthrownupwardsandfollowsacurvedpath.

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Airresistanceisnegligible.

Whydoesthepathhavethisshape?

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A Thestonehasaconstanthorizontalvelocityandconstantverticalacceleration.
B Thestonehasaconstanthorizontalaccelerationandconstantverticalvelocity.
C Thestonehasaconstantupwardaccelerationfollowedbyaconstantdownwardacceleration.
D Thestonehasaconstantupwardvelocityfollowedbyaconstantdownwardvelocity.

75 A boxof mass 8.0 kgrests on ahorizontal, rough surface. Astringattachedto theboxpasses


overasmoothpulleyandsupportsa2.0 kgmassatitsotherend.

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box
roughsurface

8.0 kg

smooth
pulley

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2.0 kg

Whentheboxisreleased,africtionforceof6.0 Nactsonit.
Whatistheaccelerationofthebox?
A 1.4 m s2

B 1.7 m s2

C 2.0 m s2

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D 2.5 m s2

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