# 6.

1 WAVES
DISPLACEMENT -TIME GRAPH DISPLACEMENT – DISTANCE GRAPH

LEARNING OUTCOMES
 Sketch and interpret a displacement-

time graph for a wave  Sketch and interpret a displacementdistance graph for a wave  Clarify the relationship between speed, wavelength and frequency  Solve problems involving speed, wavelength and frequency

DISPLACEMENT –TIME GRAPH

 The motion of an oscillating spring can be

plotted on a displacement –time graph  O is called the equilibrium position.

DISPLACEMENT –TIME GRAPH

 Amplitude, a: The maximum displacement

from its equilibrium position.  SI unit: meter (m)

DISPLACEMENT –TIME GRAPH

 Period, T : The time for one complete

oscillation  Frequency, f:

DISPLACEMENT –DISTANCE GRAPH

 a = amplitde

DISPLACEMENT –DISTANCE GRAPH

 λ = wavelength

Increasing Amplitude,a for displacement – time graph

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Increasing Period,T for displacement – time graph

Increasing wavelength, λ, for displacement – time graph

Example 2

0.02 m 0.4 s 1/0.4 = 2.5 Hz

Example 2

1.2 cm 6 cm 25 x 6 = 150 cm/s

QUESTION 1

QUESTION 2

QUESTION 3

QUESTION 4

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPEED, WAVELENGTH AND FREQUENCY

 The number of ducks passing through, X

every second is n,  The distance between the ducks is l  → speed, v = n x l

 Number of ducks passing X per second , n

→ frequency of the waves, f  Distance between two ducks , l → wavelength, λ  speed ,v = n x l = fλ

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPEED, WAVELENGTH AND FREQUENCY v = fλ

Example 3

 Frequency = 50 Hz. Measure the

wavelength & calculate the speed of the wave.  Wavelength = 2 cm = 0.02 m  Speed, v = fλ = 50 x 0.02 = 1 m/s

QUESTION 5

QUESTION 5

QUESTION 6

QUESTION 6 - explaination