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PORTRAITS OF HAITIAN PRESIDENTS

January 8, 2013

Jean-Jacques Dessalines (Haitian Creole: Janjak Desalin) (20 September 1758 17 October 1806) was a leader of
the Haitian Revolution and the first ruler of an independent Haiti under the 1801 constitution. Initially regarded as
Governor-General, Dessalines later named himself Emperor Jacques I of Haiti (18041806). He is regarded as a
founding father of Haiti. Reign: 2 September 1804 17 October 1806 in Haiti.

Henri Christophe (who used the anglicized version of Henry Christopher) (6 October 1767 8 October 1820) was a
former slave and key leader in the Haitian Revolution, which succeeded in gaining independence from France in 1804

I office: 17 February 1807 28 March 1811


King of Haiti: 28 March 1811 8 October 1820 in Haiti.

Alexandre Sabs Ption (April 2, 1770 March 29, 1818) was President of the Republic of Haiti from 1806 until his
death in 1818. He is considered as one of Haitis founding fathers, together with Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques
Dessalines, and his rival Henri Christophe.
In office: March 9, 1807 March 29, 1818 in Haiti.

Jean-Pierre Boyer (possibly 15 February 1776 9 July 1850) was one of the leaders of the Haitian Revolution, and
President of Haiti from 1818 to 1843. He reunited the north and south of Haiti in 1820 and also invaded and took

control of Santo Domingo, which brought all of Hispaniola under one government by 1822. Boyer managed to rule for
the longest period of time of any of the revolutionary leaders of his generation.
In office: 30 March 1818 13 February 1843 in Haiti.

Jean-Jacques Louis Philippe Guerrier (17731845) was a career officer and general in the Haitian Army who became
President of Hati on May 3, 1844. He died in office on April15, 1845.

In office : May 3, 1844 April 15, 1845 in Haiti.

Pierre Thoma Boisrond-Canal (12 June 1832 6 March 1905) was a Haitian politician who served as the President
of Haiti three times.
In office
26 May 1902 21 December 1902, 19 July 1876 16 July 1879, 23 April 1876 19 July 1876 in Haiti.

Jean-Nicolas Nissage Saget (18101880) succeeded Sylvain Salnave as President of Haiti in 1869. He was the first
Haitian president to serve out his term of office (18691874) and retire voluntarily, although his retirement led to a
renewal of the political turmoil between blacks and the countrys mulatto elites. He died in 1880.
In office: March 20, 1870 May 14, 1874, March 13, 1867 May 4, 1867 in Haiti.

Michel Domingue was the leader of Haiti from June 14, 1874 to April 15, 1876.
Michel Domingue was born in Les Cayes in 1813. He graduated from military training and became commander of

army units in the Sud Department.


From May 8, 1868 to December 1869, he was president of the autonomous states of the south of Haiti. On June 11,
1874, General Domingue was elected for a term of eight years as president of Haiti.
In office: June 14, 1874 April 15, 1876 in Haiti.

Jean-Baptiste Rich (1780 February 27, 1847) was a career officer and general in the Hatian Army. He was made
President of Hati on March 1, 1846.

In office: March 1, 1846 February 28 1847 in Haiti.

Charles Rivire-Hrard also known as Charles Hrard an (16 February 1789 31 August 1850) was an officer in the
Haitian Army under Alexandre Ption during his struggles against Henri Christophe. He was declared President of
Haiti on 4 April 1843. He was forced from office by revolutionaries on 3 May 1844.
In office: 4 April 1843 3 May 1844 in Haiti.

Guillaume Fabre Nocolas Geffrard (September 19, 1806 December 31, 1878) was a general in the Haitian army and
President of Haiti from 1859 until his deposition in 1867. After collaborating in a coup to remove Faustin Soulouque

from power in order to return Haiti back to the social and political control of the colored elite, Geffrard was made
president in 1859.
In office: January 15, 1859 March 13, 1867 in Haiti.

Guillaume Fabre Nocolas Geffrard (September 19, 1806[1] December 31, 1878) was a general in
the Haitian army and President of Haiti from 1859 until his deposition in 1867. After collaborating in a coup to

remove Faustin Soulouque from power in order to return Haiti back to the social and political control of the colored
elite, Geffrard was made president in 1859. To placate the peasants he renewed the practice of selling state-owned
lands and ended a schism with the Roman Catholic Church which then took on an important role in improving
education. After surviving several rebellions, he was overthrown by Major Sylvain Salnave in 1867

Franois-Dominique Toussaint LOuverture, also Toussaint Brda, Toussaint-LOuverture (May 20, 1743 April 7,
1803) was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military genius and political acumen led to the establishment of the

independent black state of Haiti, transforming an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people. The
success of the Haitian Revolution shook the institution of slavery throughout the New World. in Haiti.