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Repent from all sins.

Resolve outstanding differences and seek
forgiveness from others
Pay off all debts or have payment method
Make sure wealth for Hajj is from Halal
Memorise some duas.

Ihraam literally means to declare something unlawful upon


Ihraam is commonly referred to the clothing worn by a person

performing Umrah or Hajj.
However, Ihraam in the context of Shariah refers to entering
into a state of adhering to the prohibitions of even normally
permitted things, with the intention of performing Hajj and/or
Umrah. The wearing of the white clothing symbolises this state,
although this state is not entered into by wearing the sheets of
white alone.

Before coming into the state of Ihraam:

It is sunnah to take a bath.
It is mustahab :
to trim ones moustache
remove hair from pubic areas
clip nails
apply perfume

Male Ihraam:
It is preferable to wear two white new or
washed sheets of cloth: an upper garment and
lower garment.
Males should wear slippers/sandals which
expose the instep of the foot.

Female Ihraam:
Women may wear an abaya, scarf, gloves,
socks and shoes.
The face must not have anything touching
it physically. However, as it is part of
Hijab, a lady should cover the face with
caps fitted with veils.

It is sunnah to perform 2 rakat of salah

just before entering into the state of
It is preferable to recite Surah Kafirun in
the first rakat and Surah Ikhlas in the
second rakat.

One must enter into the state of Ihraam before passing the miqaat
Miqaat is the outer boundary from where those wishing to perform Hajj
or Umrah must enter into the state of Ihram.
5 Boundaries:
1) Dhul Hulaifah: north of Makkah
2) Al-Juhfah/Rabigh : north west of Makkah. (This is applicable to those
who come from the west)
3) Yalamlam- south east of Makkah.
4) Qarn al-Manazil: east of Makkah.
5) Dhat al-Iraq: North east of Makkah in the direction of Iraq.

Niyyah + Talbiyah = Ihraam

One may recite the following


before reciting the talbiyah:


should then recite the talbiyah

with the intention of coming into

Talbiyah is the pilgrims answer to Allahs call to Hajj.

Labbayk Allahuma Labbayk. Labbayka La Shareeka Laka

Labbayk. Innal Hamda Wan-Nimata laka wal mulk. La
Shareeka Laka
Here I am at Your service, O Lord, here I am. Here I am, there is no
partner for You, here I am. Truly, all praise, favours and sovereignty are
Yours. There is no partner for You.

Sahl ibn Sad reports that the Prophet salallahu alaihi

wasallam said,
When a Muslim recites Talbiyah, then verily every stone, tree
and even the ground around him recite the Talbiyah with
him to the ends of the Earth. (Tirmidhi)
The Talbiyah should be recited as much as possible.
Men should recite the talbiyah audibly without disturbing
others. Women should recite the talbiyah quietly.
The talbiyah should be recited individually and not

Sins are even more emphatically forbidden.

Foul language, fighting, quarrelling are strictly forbidden.
All forms of Intimacy with ones spouse.
Wearing day to day clothes like Jubbah, shirt, trousers, tshirts, hat for men etc.
Using perfume and fragrances.
Removal of body hair; to comb, pluck, trim or cut the
beard hair.
Clipping nails.
Wearing any footwear which covers the instep.

For a male to cover the head with something

touching the head.
Female letting a cloth cover face in a manner it
is touching her face.
To hunt or help in hunting.
To kill lice
Any of these acts done will result in penalty
whether by mistake or forgetfully.

Having a shower for purification or for coolness.

Using unscented soap. However, it is preferable not to remove dirt.
Sunglasses and glasses
It is permissible to wrap yourself in a blanket. The whole body can be
covered except the face and head.
To wear a belt.
To kill scorpions, snakes, mosquitoes, wasps and flies.

1.Ghusl for Ihram:

2. 2 rakahs before Ihram
3. Ihraam with Intention and Talbiyah
4. Tawaaf
5. 2 rakah after Tawaaf
6. Say
7.Halaq (shaving)/Qasr (trimming)

condition (fardh)
requirement (fardh)
necessary (wajib)
neccessary (wajib)
neccessary (wajib)


The city of Makkah should be entered very humbly with the

heart fully conscious of the Grandeur of Almighty Allah.
It is not a sight-seeing trip.
Upon entering the city of Makkah, one will be taken to the
hotel. Place baggage in the hotel.
If you are really tired and it is not salah time, it is advisable to
rest before performing Umrah. Umrah can take many hours in
peak times like the Hajj season and therefore requires plenty of
If one is travelling with the elderly and unwell, it may be a wise
idea to perform Umrah at night when the heat is less.
One should be engaged in reciting the talbiyah all the while.

Enter with the right foot reading the duas and reciting
salawaat upon the Prophet salallahu alaihi wasallam.
Proceed to the kabah not as a tourist but as a servant
with utmost humbleness.
Reach a place where the kabah is clearly visible and
which is not obstructing others.
Stop and make dua. This is a very sacred place and
time for the acceptance of dua.

Tawaf is a compulsory part of Umrah and Hajj.

Tawaf is to walk around the kabah seven times.
It is wajib (necessary) to have wudhu when
performing Tawaf.
To begin Tawaf, one should proceed to the corner
of the Kabah where the black stone is. This
corner of the kabah faces one minaret only, the
others have two.

Men should uncover their right shoulder by taking

the Ihraam sheet under their right arm. This is
called Idhtibaa.
Idhtibaa should be done just before the Tawaf and
not long before. Likewise, once the Tawaf is
completed, one should cover his shoulder again.
Women must not uncover any part of their body.
The recitation of Talbiyah ends with the
commencing of Tawaf.

Step in line with the black stone with the body facing it. Now 2
actions need to be done:
1) Istiqbaal
Istiqbaal is to raise one hands like one does in salah whilst facing
the black stone and say:

After raising the hands and saying the above, one will put the
hands back down to ones side. This will always be done when one
commences any tawaf.

Istilaam is to make some form of contact directly or

indirectly with the al-Hajr al-aswad (black stone).
If one can touch the black stone without pushing,
shoving or causing some difficulty, then one should
place both hands on the stone and then place ones lips
in between. When kissing the stone, a noise should not
be made.
If one cannot kiss the stone, then merely touching the
stone and kissing ones hands will suffice.
Nowadays, due to the crowds, the above are very

It is sufficient to be in line with the black stone facing

it from a distance, with the palms of both hands raised
towards the black stone, saying:

After pointing to the black stone with ones palms, one

should kiss his hands and put them down.

Istilaam will be performed a total of 8 times: at the

beginning of every round in tawaf and after
completing the 7th round.

After performing Istilaam, one will begin tawaf(circumambulation)

of the kabah.
A male will walk briskly in the first three rounds. This is called
If it is not possible to walk briskly due to the crowds, or due to one
having to look after family, one may walk normally.
A female will not do raml. She will walk normally.
Raml will only be performed in the first three rounds, in the last
four rounds, a male should walk normally.
Raml and idhitbaa will only take place in that tawaf which has a
sai after it.
In a nafl tawaf, one will not perform raml or idhtibaa.

One must walk around the hatim and not cut through.
During tawaf recite Quran, dhikr and make dua.
One should avoid talking whilst performing tawaf.
One should not read loud in a manner which disturbs
It is disliked to eat.
One may drink zamzam in between if one feels thirsty.


Whilst performing tawaf, if ones wudhu breaks, a

fardh salah starts or one needs to take a break, then it
is permissible to pause the tawaf and then continue
from the very place he stopped.
One will not gesture to any other corner of the kabah
besides the corner with the black stone.
It is mustahab to touch the al-Rukn al-Yamani (Yemeni
corner) if it possible. If one cannot go near it due to
the crowd, one should not gesture towards to it.
The al-Rukn al-Yamani should not be kissed.

The tawaf is completed upon making istilaam of al-hajr

al-aswad (the black stone) at the end of the 7th round.
This will be the eighth istilaam in total.
It is wajib to perform two rakats after tawaf.
The two rakats should not be performed in the makruh
times for salah. These times are: After the fajr prayer, at
sunrise, at zenith, after the Asr prayer and at sunset.
It is preferable to perform these two rakats behind almaqam al-Ibrahim. However, if there is not sufficient
space, one may perform these two rakats anywhere.

Sai is a wajib element in Umrah. It is

performed after the tawaf. Sai is to walk
between the two hillocks Safa and Marwah.

Sai is performed by walking between these two

hillocks seven times, starting at Safa and ending
at Marwah.

Sai takes place in a place called the masaa.

After performing the two rakats for tawaf,

one should go in line with the al-hajr alaswad again and do istilaam for the
commencing of sai.

He will then exit the masjid and head

towards the Safa hillock which is located in
the masaa (place where sai is done).

One will come to the safa hillock ensuring one is standing on

the hillock of safa.
Face the Qiblah and one will say

Allahu Akbar la ilaha illah

one should then make dua to Allah.
Now head towards Marwah.
When the green light approaches, a male should run until the
next green light.

Women will not run between the two green lights at the
When a person reaches marwah, he has completed one lap.
At Marwah, one will again face towards the Qiblah and say
Allahu Akbar la ilaha illah
one should then make dua to Allah.
After making dua, one will head again towards Safa.
One will repeatedly do this until he finishes the seventh lap
from Safa to Marwah.

After standing on Marwah the seventh time and

making dua, it is mustahab to perform 2 rakats
in the masjid.

It is not necessary to have wudhu when

performing sai.
One should engage in dhikr and dua.
If salah starts or one needs to take a break,
it is permissible to continue from where
one paused.

Shaving or trimming the hair is wajib for men to come out of

Shaving the head is better than trimming the hair.
All the hair on the head should be shaved or trimmed.
It is permissible to cut ones own hair or go to the barbers.
A woman must only cut an inch of her hair and no more. She
can cut it herself.
Once a person cuts his/her hair, they are free from the laws of
Ihraam and the Umrah is complete.

8 acts are not permissible whilst experiencing ones

1) Performing Salah
2) Fasting
3) Reciting the Quran
4) Touching the Quran
5) Entering a masjid
6) Performing Tawaf
7) Intimate relations
8) Fulfilling ones passions by using the area between the
navel and knees without a barrier in between.

A woman will not perform the two rakats

sunnah before Ihram if she is in her menses.
A woman will merely recite the Talbiyah and
make niyyah to come into the state of Ihram.
A woman can recite the Talbiyah and any dua in
her menses.
A woman cannot recite the Quran, perform
salah, enter the masjid or perform Tawaf in her


a woman is experiencing her

menses, she will not perform any
Salah or Tawaf.
A woman will not enter al-Masjid alHaram until after her menses are
completed and she has taken a bath.

If a woman entered into Ihram and she

was experiencing her menses, then she will
not perform the Umrah until after she
becomes free of her menses.
She will have to remain in the state of
Ihram until she performs Umrah.

If she could not perform Umrah due to the

Hajj days starting, and she is still in her menses,
then she should release herself from the Ihram
of Umrah and now enter into the state of
Ihram for Hajj.
A woman will have to perform Qadha of
Umrah and give a dam penalty in this scenario.
Umrah should not be performed between the
9th-13th Dhul Hijjah by men and women.

Your Umrah is now complete!

You are now free from all the prohibitions

of Ihraam.

Worship Allah in the most sacred place

and turn to Him with your heart.

Abu Hurayra radiallahu anhu said that the Prophet salallahu alaihi
wasallam was asked, Which is the best action?" He replied,
"Belief in Allah and His Messenger." He was asked, "Then
what?" he replied, "Jihad in the way of Allah." He was asked,
"And then what?" He replied, "An accepted hajj." [Agreed

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported

that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)
said: "The performance of `Umrah is expiation for
the sins committed between it and the previous ones.
And the reward for Hajj Mabrur (pilgrimage
accepted by Allah) is nothing but Paradise." (Sahih Al
Bukhari, Vol. 3, Book 27, hadith no. 1)

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him)

reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings
be upon him) said "Whoever performs Hajj to
this house - Ka'bah- and does not commit any
obscenity and wrongdoing, he, or she, will
come out as the day he, or she, was born - pure
and free from sins." [Agreed upon]

Procedure of Hajj Tamattu

1.Ihraam for Hajj
2. Wuquf Mina (8th)
3. Wuquf Arafah (9th)
4. Wuquf Muzdalifah
5. Wuquf Mina (10th)
6. Rami of big pillar
7. Nahr
8. Halaq or Qasr
9. Tawaf al-Ziyarah
10. Sai for Hajj
11.a. Wuquf Mina (11th)
11.b. Rami of 3 pillars
12.a Wuquf Mina (12th)
12.b. Rami of 3 pillars
13.a Leave Mina before sunset of 12th
13.b Stay in Mina
14.a Wuquf Mina (13th)
14.b Rami of 3 pillars
15. Tawaf al-Wida

Requirement (Fardh)
necessary (wajib)
necessary (wajib)
necessary (wajib)
necessary (wajib)
requirement (Fardh)
necessary (wajib)
necessary (wajib)
necessary (wajib)

One should come into the state of Ihraam by the 8th of Dhul
It is better to come into the state of Ihraam for Hajj prior to
the 8th of Dhul Hijjah.
It is preferable to come into the state of Ihraam in al-Masjid
al-Haram. However, it is permissible to do so from ones
hotel also.
Simply wear the Ihraam clothing in ones hotel room.
Proceed to the Masjid and make the intention of Hajj with
the Talbiyah. Now one will have to abide by the laws of
In Hajj Tamattu there is noTawaf al-Qudum.

One will perform Fajr salah in Makkah.

It is sunnah to leave Makkah for Mina after sunrise.
It is permissible to go to Mina before sunrise but
contrary to the sunnah.
One will perform Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Esha and the
next day Fajr at Mina.
It is sunnah to spend the night at Mina and perform
Fajr there.

If one intends to stay at Makkah for 15 days, he

will then perform his salah in full. If one
intends to stay for less than 15 days at Makkah,
he will be a Musafir and will shorten his prayers
at Mina.

One should spend his day and night in worship.

Recite the Quran, engage in dhikr, perform
nawafil and make abundance of dua.

After the Fajr salah, it is wajib to recite takbir altashriq once.

It is wajib upon men and women to recite takbir

Only men will recite the takbir audibly.
This will begin on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah after
the Fajr prayer until the Asr of the 13h of Dhul
The Takbir will be recited after every prayer.

One should perform Fajr at Mina. After

sunrise, set off towards Arafah.
It is wajib to perform Wuquf (station
oneself) in Arafah from midday until
One must stay within the boundaries of
Arafah during this period.

If one is performing salah with ones own

group or individually, the Dhuhr and Asr should
be performed in their respective times.

If one is near to Masjid Namirah that one may

perform salah behind the Imam then one
should do so. In this case, the Dhuhr and Asr
will be combined.

One should remain engaged in dhikr and dua in the

plains of Arafaat.
The Talbiyah should also be read time to time.
Standing near Jabal al-Rahmah (Mount of Mercy) is
desirable. However, it is not necessary to be near it.
One may stand anywhere in the plains of Arafaat.
Climbing the mountain and offering salah on it is not
established from the sunnah and it has no additional

It is wajib to stay in Arafaat until sunset. It is not

permissible to depart from Arafaat before then.
After sunset one should leave immediately for
Do not perform Maghrib in the plains of Arafaat.
Neither perform Maghrib or Esha en route to
Maghrib will be performed with Esha in the Esha time
at Muzdalifah.

Maghrib and Esha will be performed in the following

There will be one Athan and one Iqamah, followed by the
Fardh of Maghrib and straight after the Fardh of Esha.
Do not perform the sunnah of Maghrib in between.
The Sunnah of Maghrib, Esha and the Witr salah will be
perfomed after the Esha prayer in order.

It is recommended one collects pebbles from Muzdalifah to pelt the

It is permissible to collect pebbles from anywhere in the Haram.
However one should not take the pebbles from around the Jamarat
Collect for the
10th Dhul Hijjah : 7 pebbles
11th Dhul Hijjah: 21 pebbles
12th Dhul Hijjah: 21 pebbles
13th Dhul Hijjah (if one stays): 21 pebbles
If you are going to leave Mina after pelting on the 12th, you will need a
total of 49 pebbles.
If you are going to leave Mina after pelting on the 13th, you will need a
total of 70 pebble.

Even if one performs Maghrib and Esha salah individually,

he will combine them and perform the sunnah and witr
after the Esha prayer.
It is Sunnah to spend the night at Muzdalifah.
Fajr should be performed in the beginning time.
It is wajib to perform wuquf between Fajr and sunrise.
One should remain engaged in salah, dhikr, dua all the

couple of minutes before sunrise,

one should leave Muzdalifah and head
for Mina.

There are four acts to be performed between the 10th and 12th
of Dhul Hijjah:
1. Rami (pelting) This has to be performed on each day.
2. Nahr (Animal sacrifice)
3. Halaq or Qasar (Shaving or trimming hair)
4. Tawaf al-Ziyarah

Rami (pelting) is performed on the 10th, 11th and 12th.

Nahr, Halaq/Qasar and Tawaf al-Ziyarah must be performed

within the three days of 10th,11th and 12th.

It is wajib to perform Rami of the 10th, Nahr (Slaughter) and

halaq/qasr (shaving/trimming) in order.


Mina has three tall pillars known as Jamaraat. The

three pillars are:
Jamaraat al-Aqabah or Kubra (The big pillar)
Jamaraat al-Wusta (The middle pillar)
Jamaraat al-Sughra (The small pillar)
These pillars are not shaytan and shaytan is not
trapped in these pillars. These pillars mark the places
where Ibrahim was tested by the whispers of Shaytan.

Rami is wajib.
Men and women must pelt the Pillars.
It is sunnah to say Allahu Akbar with every throw.
The recitation of the Talbiyah will end upon the first throw.
As long as the pebbles land within the enclosure, regardless of
whether they hit the pillar or not, it counts as a valid throw.
Do not stop to make dua at the Jamarat after pelting. Keep
It is sunnah to pelt with the right hand.
One should throw the pebbles one at a time and not all at once.

On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, only the Jamarah al-Aqabah

(The big Pillar) will be pelted 7 times .
The times for pelting the Jamarah al-Aqabah:
Before sunrise
Midday to Sunset
Sunset to Fajr (of the 11th)

Due to the crowds, it is permissible to delay the pelting

even after sunset. However it must be done by Fajr. Ones
group leader should be consulted.

On the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, only pelt the biggest pillar

7 times. Do not stop to make dua after pelting the big
On the 11th,12th and 13th (if one stays), one will pelt
each pillar seven times, beginning from the smallest.
Stop to make dua after pelting the smallest and the
middle pillar.

It is wajib to perform an animal sacrifice before the

sunset of the 12th of Dhul Hijjah in the Haram
This sacrifice is known as Dam al-Shukr and is wajib
upon those performing Hajj Tamattu and Qiran.
The animal slaughter is usually arranged by ones Hajj
If ones Hajj group does not arrange the animal
slaughter, the nearest slaughterhouses are in Mina.
One may slaughter the animal himself or have
someone else to slaughter it.

Halaq (shaving) /qasr (trimming) is wajib.

A person will be free from the restrictions of Ihraam

when one performs either Halaq or Qasr.

The prohibition of intimate relations with ones spouse

remains imposed until the completion of Tawaf alZiyarah.

Tawaf al-Ziyarah is a fardh.

It has to be performed between the 10th
and 12th of Dhul Hijjah.
It is preferable to perform Tawaf alZiyarah after Halaq/Qasr.
Until Tawaf al-Ziyarah is not performed,
one cannot be intimate with ones spouse.

Every element of Hajj can be performed

in ones menses except Tawaf.
If a woman cannot perform Tawaf alZiyarah due to menstruation, then there is
no penalty for her in delaying it even if she
does it after its time has passed (sunset on
the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah.)

Sai is a wajib element of the Hajj.

The preferred time for this sai is after Tawaf alZiyarah.
If a person performs this sai after Tawaf alZiyarah, he will perform Raml in the first three
This sai can be performed in any of the Hajj
days on condition it follows a Tawaf.


the rules of Ihram are uplifted

after Tawaf al-Ziyarah.
It is sunnah to go and spend the
night at Mina.

Whatever actions of the previous have not been

completed, one should try to complete them
Rami of all three Jamarat is wajib on the 11th of
Dhul Hijjah.
The order of pelting is from the smallest to the

The time of pelting on the 11th and 12th of Dhul

Zawal to Sunset

It is permissible to perform the Rami after sunset

until Fajr if it is difficult to do so during the day.

Rami is not permissible before Zawal on the 11th

and 12th of Dhul Hijjah.
Return to ones tent upon completion and engage
in worship.

The procedures of this day are identical to the that

of the 11th of Dhul Hijjah. Namely, one will be
performing Rami (pelting) again after Zawal.
Any action remaining from the 10th must be
completed before sunset.
If one does not leave Mina and stays there until alSubh al-Sadiq (break of dawn) which is the
beginning time of Fajr, then Rami becomes wajib
to perform on the 13th.

It is desirable and virtuous to spend an

extra night in Mina for the additional Rami
on the 13th.
Timings for Rami on the 13th:
Permissible but disliked

The time of pelting ends with the sunset.

If one does not intend to stay for the additional

Rami on the 13th, leave before sunset of the 12th
for Makkah. It is permissible to leave after
sunset but disliked.
Perform Salah in their respective times where
ever you may be.

Tawaf al-Wadaa is wajib.

It can be performed anytime after Tawaf alZiyarah.
If a woman is in her menses and cannot
perform Tawaf al-Wadaa, she is excused from
performing it. In addition, there is no penalty
for missing it.
Even after Tawaf al-Wadaa, a person can enter
the Masjid, perform Tawaf, Salah and even

Four types:
1) Badanah- Sacrifice of a large animal
(camel or cow)
2) Dam- Sacrifice of a small animal (e.g.
Sheep, goat)
3) Sadaqah- Charity equal to Sadaqah al-Fitr
4) Less than Sadaqah al-Fitr amount

Badanah penalty will be binding by the

1) Having relations with ones spouse after
Wuquf in Arafah and before Halaq.
2) Performing Tawaf al-Ziyarah in the state
of major impurity (that which
necessitates a fardh bath).



The following will result in a dam penalty

Being intimate with ones spouse.
A male wearing day to day clothing for the whole day or
whole night. Likewise half a day and a half night will
result in Dam.
Shaving a or more of the hair on head or beard.
For a male or female to cover the face for a whole day.
Applying perfume to a whole body part or ones clothes.
Clipping the nails of one hand or one foot.
To omit Tawaf al-Wadaa. (A woman is excused if she is
in her menses. She does not have to give a dam penalty).
To omit a wajib of hajj.



The following result in Sadaqah:

Shaving/cutting or trimming less than a of head.
Plucking/trimming/cutting 3 or more hair strands.
Clipping one/two nails.
Applying perfume to a little portion of the body.
For a male wearing day to day clothing for a couple of
For males and females to cover the face for a couple of
For a male to cover his head for a couple of hours.
To perform Tawaf al-Wadaa without Wudhu.
Leaving one pebble out from Rami.

The following result in giving less than the

sadaqah al-fitr amount:
1) Killing lice
2) Killing a locust
3) To pluck one/two hairs

May Allah give you a safe journey and grant you

Hajj Mabrur.
All are kindly requested to remember the
presenter in their duas throughout their auspicious

Jazakallahu Khairan